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APPROPRIATIONS,
BUDGET ESTIMATES, ETC.

STATEMENTS

NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION

(January 21, 1971, to December 17, 1971)

and

NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION
(with respect to Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act, 1972)

SHOWING

1.—APPROPRIATIONS MADE DURING THE FIRST SESSION OF THE NINETY

SECOND CONGRESS CONSISTING OF REGULAR ANNUAL, SUPPLE-
MENTAL, AND MISCELLANEOUS MAJOR ACTS AUTHORIZING APPROPRI-

ATIONS (pp. 7–833)
II.-PERMANENT APPROPRIATIONS_FEDERAL FUNDS (pp. 835-848)
III.-PERMANENT APPROPRIATIONS—TRUST FUNDS (pp. 849-863)
IV.-RECAPITULATION OF APPROPRIATIONS (pp. 865-872)
V.-CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF REGULAR AND SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIA-

TION BILLS (pp. 874-883) VI.-AMOUNT OF LOANS AUTHORIZED BY APPROPRIATION OR OTHER ACTS,

CONTRACT AUTHORIZATIONS, AND APPROPRIATIONS TO LIQUIDATE

CONTRACT AUTHORIZATIONS (pp. 885–891)
VII.-AUTHORIZATIONS FOR APPROPRIATIONS (pp. 893–897)
VIII.-COMPARISON OF BUDGET ESTIMATES AND APPROPRIATIONS (pp. 899-1025)
IX.-COMPARISON OF BUDGET ESTIMATES AND APPROPRIATIONS BY SESSIONS

OF CONGRESS (pp. 1027-1028)
X.-TOTAL APPROPRIATIONS BY SESSIONS OF CONGRESS (pp. 1029–1031)

PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEES ON APPROPRIATIONS OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF

REPRESENTATIVES AS REQUIRED BY LAW. (U.S. CODE, TITLE 2, SECTION 105)

BY
THOMAS J. SCOTT

PAUL M. WILSON
Chief clerk to the Committee on Appropriations

Clerk and Staff Director to the
United States Senate

Committee on Appropriations

House of Representatives
WM. W. WOODRUFF
Counsel to the Committee on Appropriation

United States Senate

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1972

1. The Legislative Appropriation Act approved June 7, 1924, provided :

“In lieu of the data relating to offices created and omitted and salaries increased and reduced, the statement shall hereafter contain such additional information concerning estimates and appropriations, as the committees may deem necessary.”

Such data had been tabulated in previous volumes of this work for each session of Congress from the Fiftieth to the Sixty-seventh, inclusive, covering

the fiscal years 1889 to 1924, inclusive. 2. This compilation contains laws affecting or making appropriations which were

enacted during the first session of the 92d Congress and, in the case of H.R. 12067, Public Law 92-242, the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act, 1972, finalized in the second session), with the exception of private relief acts containing appropriations. Such private acts have been omitted from this compilation but a summary thereof containing the number of

the act, the beneficiaries, and the amount appropriated is included. 3. This volume also contains various comparative tabulations showing for the session,

and by fiscal years, and in both detailed and summarized form, the Presidential budget estimates (requests) for appropriations” and certain other types of

requests involving the appropriation of obligating and spending authority. 4. While required by the Constitution as a necessary prerequisite to the withdrawal

of any money from the Treasury, through long usage the term "appropriation” acquired a definite, technical word-of-art meaning in relation to many details and summaries in the annual budget of the President, in the making available of obligational and spending authority, and in tabulations and summarizations of congressional fiscal actions. If the proposition did not "appropriate” within the concept thus imparted to the term, then it was not added in the appropriation” totals. If it did so "appropriate”, it was added in.

Thus, in Congressional tabulations generally a "reappropriation” (extension) of a balance of a previous appropriation was not added in even though it provided obligational and spending authority beyond what would in its absence have been the case. An "authorization to expend from debt receipts” (sometimes called "public debt borrowing authority”) was not counted as an -appropriation” even though it conveyed both authority to obligate and authority to expend. An authorization to enter into contracts in advance of an appropriation (“contract authorization”), being authority to obligate the Government but not to expend money, was not added in the general "appropriation” totals. But a subsequent "appropriation to liquidate” that contract authorization-an authority to expend money but not to create additional obligations-was counted as an "appropriation”.

Furthermore, historically, prior to fiscal year 1969 the general budgetary and congressional appropriation totals were arranged and presented so as to give greater emphasis and prominence to those dealing with Federal, or Federally-owned funds, as distinct from trust funds which the Government theoretically

holds in a fiduciary capacity. Although prior to the fiscal year 1938 (75th Cong., 1st sess.) such trust funds were relatively insignificant in the total appropriations picture, they subsequently came to loom large, and while separately tabulated and noted in volumes of this work previous to the 90th Cong., 2d sess., they were not included in the aggregate totals of "appropriations generally emphasized and cited. (See note, table X, in volumes prior to the 90th Cong., 2d sess.). But in subsequent volumes, including this volume, they are incorporated in general appropriation totals.

Title 31 Ü.S.C., section 2, dealing with the national budget system, provides that the term “appropriations" includes, in appropriate context «*** funds and authorizations to create obligations by contract in advance of appropriations, or any other authority making funds available for obligation or expenditure.

2

Special Note.-A further significant departure in what is now included in several general summary tabulations which was not so included in these volumes prior to the 90th Cong., 2d sess., has to do with obligational or spending authority conveyed in acts other than the regular annual and supplemental "appropriation" acts. Copies of such acts, and certain specific tabulations related to them, usually appear in one way or another in such prior volumes, but the amounts were not cranked directly into a number of the overall summary tabulations as has been done in volumes beginning with the 90th Cong., 2d sess. This especially affects tables VIII, IX, and X. To retain some consistency of ready identity as between amounts relating to the regular annual and supplemental "appropriation" acts and amounts relating to "appropriations in legislative acts", there is a breakout along these lines in each of these three tables (in some years, the "legislative act" amounts are quite significant, relatively. And sometimes, it is not easy or possible to nail down with absolute precision the amounts involved in the “budget estimates” or the amounts "appropriated”).

A new, unified budget concept recommended by the President's Commission on Budget Concepts in its report of October 10, 1967, was embraced by the President, and the Budget for 1969 incorporated most of its basic features. The object was to secure usage, as nearly as may be practicable, of a single concept of appropriations, receipts, expenditures, lending, and debt in order to promote public and congressional understanding of Federal fiscal and budget actions and matters. The various comparative tabulations and summaries in this volume conform generally to the new concept in respect to "appropriations.

(For a more detailed exposition of the new concept, see the Report of the Commission, especially in relation to “appropriations, pp. 6, 12, 16, 76, 95, and 100; Special Analysis A, the Budget for 1969; and hearings of February 8, 1968, before the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, on the Budget for 1969, p. 40 and following.)

Thus, in lieu of the terms “Estimates” and “Appropriations” used in volumes previous to the 90th Cong., 2d sess., subsequent volumes, including this volume, use the terms "Budget estimates of new (obligational) authority” and "New budget (obligational) authority appropriated.” In broad terms, by far the major single difference between aggregate general totals in this volume in contrast to those in volumes previous to the 90th Cong., 2d sess., is the inclusion, in this volume, of trust funds (virtually all of which, incidentally, in any session or year, flow automatically from permanent-type enactment of previous sessions that thus do not require action in bills of the current session). And even under the new concept, in all but a relative handful of instances the new budget (obligational) authority requested and appropriated is in the old, conventional "appropriation" form as previously used and understood. Specifically, "new budget (obligational) authority” is derived by—

Appropriations (as herein above described) excluding appropriations to liquidate contract authorization; plus

Reappropriations; plus
Contract authorizations; plus

Authorizations to spend from debt receipts. It must be noted that there are, within the Government, certain inter-fund and intragovernmental payments between accounts that get counted in both places. Principal examples: Interest on public debt securities held by trust funds; governmental contributions to employee retirement trust funds; general fund contributions to various insurance programs. And under the new unified concept, certain "proprietary receipts from the public” are offset against budget authority for budget summary presentation purposes. This situation can complicate if a simple addition of Federal fund totals and trust fund totals is made without reckoning with this "deduct” problem. [Note.—The aggregate "deduct” figure of $20,404,398,000 used in several of the summary tables in this volume is the estimated amount relating to fiscal 1972 shown in the Budget for 1973, p. 495. Being an estimate, it is subject to revision as actual data become available; an up-dated—and actual—amount for fiscal 1972 will appear in the Budget for 1974.]

COMMITTEES ON APPROPRIATIONS

NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION

SENATE:

ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana, Chairman ?
JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota
WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota
JOHN STENNIS, Mississippi

MARGARET CHASE SMITII, Maine
JOHN O. PASTORE, Rhode Island

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska
ALAN BIBLE, Nevada

GORDON ALLOTT, Colorado
ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia

NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire
GALE W. McGEE, Wyoming

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey
MIKE MANSFIELD, Montana

HIRAM L. FONG, Hawaii
WILLIAM PROXMIRE, Wisconsin

J. CALEB BOGGS, Delaware
JOSEPH M. MONTOYA, New Mexico

CHARLES H. PERCY, Illinois
DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii

EDWARD W. BROOKE, Massachusetts
ERNEST F. HOLLINGS, South Carolina

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES'

GEORGE H, MAHON, Texas, Chairman
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi

FRANK T. BOW, Ohio
GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama

CHARLES R. JONAS, North Carolina
JOHN J. ROONEY, New York

ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan
ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida

JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona
OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana

WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois
EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts

SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin
DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania

HOWARD W. ROBISON, New York
TOM STEED, Oklahoma

GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas
GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois

JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania
JOHN M. SLACK, West Virginia

MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota
JOHN J. FLYNT, JR., Georgia

LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshiro
NEAL SMITH, Iowa

BURT L. TALCOTT, California
ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut

CHARLOTTE T. REID, Illinois :
JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR., Michigan
JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York

WENDELL WYATT, Oregon
JOHN J. McFALL, California

JACK EDWARDS, Alabama
W. R. HULL, JR., Missouri

DEL CLAWSON, California
EDWARD J. PATTEN, New Jersey

WILLIAM J. SCHERLE, Iowa
CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland

ROBERT C. McEWEN, New York
SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois

JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana
BOB CASEY, Texas

J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia 6
DAVID PRYOR, Arkansas
FRANK E. EVANS, Colorado
DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin
EDWARD R. ROYBAL, California
WILLIAM D. HATHAWAY, Maine
NICK GALIFIANAKIS, North Carolina
LOUIS STOKES, Ohio
J. EDWARD ROUSH, Indiana
K. GUNN MCKAY, Utah

1 Majority members appointed January 28, 1971; minority members appointed January 29, 1971.

2 Richard B. Russell, Georgia, Chairman until his death January 21, 1971. Allen J. Ellender appointed
Chairman, January 28, 1971.

3 Majority and minority members elected Feburary 4, 1971, except as indicated.
4 Deceased December 25, 1971.

Resigned October 7, 1971.
$ Elected October 26, 1971.

4

CONTENTS

1. Supplemental Appropriation, Department of Labor, Unemployment Page

Compensation, 1971.

7

2. Urgent Supplemental Appropriations, 1971

9

3. Second Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1971

13

4. Department of Agriculture Appropriation, Summer Feeding Programs for
Children, 1972

55

5. Department of Labor Appropriation, Emergency Employment Assistance,

1972..

57

6. Supplemental Appropriation, Department of Labor, Federal Unemploy-

ment Benefits and Allowances, 1972-

59

7. Agriculture-Environmental and Consumer Protection Appropriation Act,

1972..

61

8. Office of Education and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1972

83

9. Department of Housing and Urban Development; Space, Science, Vet-

erans, and Certain Other Independent Agencies Appropriation Act, 1972- 89

10. Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1972. 105

11. Departments of Labor, and Health, Education, and Welfare, and Related

Agencies Appropriation Act, 1972 -

125

12. Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1972

145

13. Military Construction Appropriation Act, 1972.

167

14. Public Works for Water and Power Development and Atomic Energy

Commission Appropriation Act, 1972.---

171

15. Departments of State, Justice, and Commerce, the Judiciary, and Related

Agencies Appropriation Act, 1972

185

16. Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriation Act,

1972.--

213

17. Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government Appropriation Act,

1972

227

18. Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1972.-

249

19. District of Columbia Appropriation Act, 1972

267

20. Department of Defense Appropriation Act, 1972--

275

21. Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act, 1972.

295

22. Continuing appropriation act, 1971

303

23. Continuing appropriation acts, 1972-

305

24. Miscellaneous acts authorizing or containing appropriations.

313

25. Recapitulation of miscellaneous private acts.

833

26. Permanent appropriations-Federal funds-

835

27. Permanent appropriations-Trust funds.

849

28. Recapitulation of appropriations-

865

29. Chronological history of appropriations.

874

30. Comparison of budget estimates and loan and borrowing authorizations,

contract authorizations, and appropriations to liquidate contract author-

izations...

885

31. Authorization for appropriations---

893

32. Comparison of budget estimates and appropriations

899

33. Comparison of budget estimates and appropriations by sessions of Congress 1027

34. Total appropriations in previous Congresses.

1029

35. Index.

1033

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