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NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION
(January 21, 1971, to December 17, 1971)
NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION
1.—APPROPRIATIONS MADE DURING THE FIRST SESSION OF THE NINETY
SECOND CONGRESS CONSISTING OF REGULAR ANNUAL, SUPPLE-
ATIONS (pp. 7–833)
TION BILLS (pp. 874-883) VI.-AMOUNT OF LOANS AUTHORIZED BY APPROPRIATION OR OTHER ACTS,
CONTRACT AUTHORIZATIONS, AND APPROPRIATIONS TO LIQUIDATE
CONTRACT AUTHORIZATIONS (pp. 885–891)
OF CONGRESS (pp. 1027-1028)
PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEES ON APPROPRIATIONS OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES AS REQUIRED BY LAW. (U.S. CODE, TITLE 2, SECTION 105)
PAUL M. WILSON
Clerk and Staff Director to the
Committee on Appropriations
House of Representatives
United States Senate
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1972
1. The Legislative Appropriation Act approved June 7, 1924, provided :
“In lieu of the data relating to offices created and omitted and salaries increased and reduced, the statement shall hereafter contain such additional information concerning estimates and appropriations, as the committees may deem necessary.”
Such data had been tabulated in previous volumes of this work for each session of Congress from the Fiftieth to the Sixty-seventh, inclusive, covering
the fiscal years 1889 to 1924, inclusive. 2. This compilation contains laws affecting or making appropriations which were
enacted during the first session of the 92d Congress and, in the case of H.R. 12067, Public Law 92-242, the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act, 1972, finalized in the second session), with the exception of private relief acts containing appropriations. Such private acts have been omitted from this compilation but a summary thereof containing the number of
the act, the beneficiaries, and the amount appropriated is included. 3. This volume also contains various comparative tabulations showing for the session,
and by fiscal years, and in both detailed and summarized form, the Presidential budget estimates (requests) for appropriations” and certain other types of
requests involving the appropriation of obligating and spending authority. 4. While required by the Constitution as a necessary prerequisite to the withdrawal
of any money from the Treasury, through long usage the term "appropriation” acquired a definite, technical word-of-art meaning in relation to many details and summaries in the annual budget of the President, in the making available of obligational and spending authority, and in tabulations and summarizations of congressional fiscal actions. If the proposition did not "appropriate” within the concept thus imparted to the term, then it was not added in the appropriation” totals. If it did so "appropriate”, it was added in.
Thus, in Congressional tabulations generally a "reappropriation” (extension) of a balance of a previous appropriation was not added in even though it provided obligational and spending authority beyond what would in its absence have been the case. An "authorization to expend from debt receipts” (sometimes called "public debt borrowing authority”) was not counted as an -appropriation” even though it conveyed both authority to obligate and authority to expend. An authorization to enter into contracts in advance of an appropriation (“contract authorization”), being authority to obligate the Government but not to expend money, was not added in the general "appropriation” totals. But a subsequent "appropriation to liquidate” that contract authorization-an authority to expend money but not to create additional obligations-was counted as an "appropriation”.
Furthermore, historically, prior to fiscal year 1969 the general budgetary and congressional appropriation totals were arranged and presented so as to give greater emphasis and prominence to those dealing with Federal, or Federally-owned funds, as distinct from trust funds which the Government theoretically
holds in a fiduciary capacity. Although prior to the fiscal year 1938 (75th Cong., 1st sess.) such trust funds were relatively insignificant in the total appropriations picture, they subsequently came to loom large, and while separately tabulated and noted in volumes of this work previous to the 90th Cong., 2d sess., they were not included in the aggregate totals of "appropriations generally emphasized and cited. (See note, table X, in volumes prior to the 90th Cong., 2d sess.). But in subsequent volumes, including this volume, they are incorporated in general appropriation totals.
Title 31 Ü.S.C., section 2, dealing with the national budget system, provides that the term “appropriations" includes, in appropriate context «*** funds and authorizations to create obligations by contract in advance of appropriations, or any other authority making funds available for obligation or expenditure.
Special Note.-A further significant departure in what is now included in several general summary tabulations which was not so included in these volumes prior to the 90th Cong., 2d sess., has to do with obligational or spending authority conveyed in acts other than the regular annual and supplemental "appropriation" acts. Copies of such acts, and certain specific tabulations related to them, usually appear in one way or another in such prior volumes, but the amounts were not cranked directly into a number of the overall summary tabulations as has been done in volumes beginning with the 90th Cong., 2d sess. This especially affects tables VIII, IX, and X. To retain some consistency of ready identity as between amounts relating to the regular annual and supplemental "appropriation" acts and amounts relating to "appropriations in legislative acts", there is a breakout along these lines in each of these three tables (in some years, the "legislative act" amounts are quite significant, relatively. And sometimes, it is not easy or possible to nail down with absolute precision the amounts involved in the “budget estimates” or the amounts "appropriated”).
A new, unified budget concept recommended by the President's Commission on Budget Concepts in its report of October 10, 1967, was embraced by the President, and the Budget for 1969 incorporated most of its basic features. The object was to secure usage, as nearly as may be practicable, of a single concept of appropriations, receipts, expenditures, lending, and debt in order to promote public and congressional understanding of Federal fiscal and budget actions and matters. The various comparative tabulations and summaries in this volume conform generally to the new concept in respect to "appropriations.
(For a more detailed exposition of the new concept, see the Report of the Commission, especially in relation to “appropriations, pp. 6, 12, 16, 76, 95, and 100; Special Analysis A, the Budget for 1969; and hearings of February 8, 1968, before the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, on the Budget for 1969, p. 40 and following.)
Thus, in lieu of the terms “Estimates” and “Appropriations” used in volumes previous to the 90th Cong., 2d sess., subsequent volumes, including this volume, use the terms "Budget estimates of new (obligational) authority” and "New budget (obligational) authority appropriated.” In broad terms, by far the major single difference between aggregate general totals in this volume in contrast to those in volumes previous to the 90th Cong., 2d sess., is the inclusion, in this volume, of trust funds (virtually all of which, incidentally, in any session or year, flow automatically from permanent-type enactment of previous sessions that thus do not require action in bills of the current session). And even under the new concept, in all but a relative handful of instances the new budget (obligational) authority requested and appropriated is in the old, conventional "appropriation" form as previously used and understood. Specifically, "new budget (obligational) authority” is derived by—
Appropriations (as herein above described) excluding appropriations to liquidate contract authorization; plus
Authorizations to spend from debt receipts. It must be noted that there are, within the Government, certain inter-fund and intragovernmental payments between accounts that get counted in both places. Principal examples: Interest on public debt securities held by trust funds; governmental contributions to employee retirement trust funds; general fund contributions to various insurance programs. And under the new unified concept, certain "proprietary receipts from the public” are offset against budget authority for budget summary presentation purposes. This situation can complicate if a simple addition of Federal fund totals and trust fund totals is made without reckoning with this "deduct” problem. [Note.—The aggregate "deduct” figure of $20,404,398,000 used in several of the summary tables in this volume is the estimated amount relating to fiscal 1972 shown in the Budget for 1973, p. 495. Being an estimate, it is subject to revision as actual data become available; an up-dated—and actual—amount for fiscal 1972 will appear in the Budget for 1974.]
COMMITTEES ON APPROPRIATIONS
NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION
ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana, Chairman ?
MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota
MARGARET CHASE SMITII, Maine
ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska
GORDON ALLOTT, Colorado
NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire
CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey
HIRAM L. FONG, Hawaii
J. CALEB BOGGS, Delaware
CHARLES H. PERCY, Illinois
EDWARD W. BROOKE, Massachusetts
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES'
GEORGE H, MAHON, Texas, Chairman
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio
CHARLES R. JONAS, North Carolina
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts
GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin
HOWARD W. ROBISON, New York
GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas
JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania
MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota
LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshiro
BURT L. TALCOTT, California
CHARLOTTE T. REID, Illinois :
WENDELL WYATT, Oregon
JACK EDWARDS, Alabama
DEL CLAWSON, California
WILLIAM J. SCHERLE, Iowa
ROBERT C. McEWEN, New York
JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana
J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia 6
1 Majority members appointed January 28, 1971; minority members appointed January 29, 1971.
2 Richard B. Russell, Georgia, Chairman until his death January 21, 1971. Allen J. Ellender appointed
3 Majority and minority members elected Feburary 4, 1971, except as indicated.
Resigned October 7, 1971.
4. Department of Agriculture Appropriation, Summer Feeding Programs for