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Introduction.....

History of settlement..

Character of immigrants.

Early struggles.

Soil, climate, and topography.

Agricultural conditions..

Property owned.....

Thrift......

Standard of living.

Industrial opportunities for wage earning.

Social conditions..

Association with natives..

Religious activities..

Educational conditions.

Political conditions....

Moral conditions..

Summary of statistical data for selected families..

CHAPTER VII.-Port Byron, N. Y.-South Italian small farmers:

Introduction.....

History of settlement.

Character of immigrants

Association with natives

165

165

167

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168

169

172

174

176

176

177

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178

179

179

179

179

187

187

188

189

CHAPTER VII.-Port Byron, N. Y.-South Italian small farmers-Continued. Page.

Soil, climate, and topography

190

Agricultural conditions.

191

Markets and marketing facilities..

192

Property owned..

192

Standard of living.

192

Employment, social life, educational conditions.

193

Political and moral conditions...

193

Effect of settlement on neighborhood..

194

Second generation.....

194

Statistical data for selected families.

194

CHAPTER VIII.-South Glastonbury, Conn.-North Italian fruit growers:

Introduction.....

199

History of settlement..

199

Soil.

202

Climate.

203

Agricultural conditions..

203

Buildings and improvements..

205

Markets and marketing facilities..

206

Property owned...

207

Standard of living....

210

Opportunities for employment.

211

Social conditions..

212

Religious affiliations.

212

Educational conditions.

213

Political conditions.

213

Moral conditions...

214

The second generation..

214

Statistical data for selected families..

214

CHAPTER IX.-Johnston Township, R. I.-South Italian small farmers:

Introduction.......

221

Method of settlement..

222

Soil and climate..

223

Agricultural conditions.

Markets and marketing facilities.

225

Property owned...

225

Standard of living..

226

Social conditions..

227

Political conditions..

228

Effect of the colony...

228

Statistical data for selected families...

229

CHAPTER X.-Italians in the Southern States:

Scope of investigation...

235

Italians in the rural South.

236

Sources of immigration..

237

The Italians as farmers.

239

Influence of leadership.

240

The effect of the Italian on the rural South..

241

The Italian citizen.....

242

The possible place of the Italian in southern agriculture..

243

CHAPTER XI.- Valdese, N. C.-North Italian general farmers:

Introduction....

245

History of settlement..

245

Soil and climate...

248

Agricultural conditions...

249

Markets and marketing facilities.

250

Property owned.

250

Standard of living..

251

Opportunities for employment..

251

Church-Religious life..

252

Educational condition....

252

Moral conditions..

252

Effect of settlement on neighborhood.

253

CHAPTER XII.- St. Helena, N. c.--North Italian truck growers:

Introduction.....

255

Method of settlement...

255

257

Climate, soil, and agricultural conditions.

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Introduction.

Daphne, Ala.

Statistical data for selected families.

Lambert, Ala.....

Minor settlements of South Italians in Mississippi....

CHAPTER XVI.-Yazoo—Mississippi Delta-Italian cotton growers:

Introduction....

History of settlements.

Soil, climate, and topography

Agricultural conditions..

Markets and marketing facilities.

Property owned..

Standard of living..

Opportunities for employment.

Social conditions..

Church-Religious life.

Educational conditions.

Political conditions...

Moral conditions..

Effect of settlement on neighborhood.

General summary.

CHAPTER XVII.-Sunnyside, Ark.-North Italian cotton growers:

Introduction....

History.

Soil....

Temperature...

Agricultural conditions.

Methods of culture..

Improvements, buildings, and surroundings.

297

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302

303

303

307

308

310

312

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315

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CHAPTER XVII.-Sunnyside, Ark.–North Italian cotton growers-Continued. Page.

Markets and marketing facilities.

324

Property owned..

325

Italian versus Negro.

325

Social life and standard of living.

329

Opportunities for employment..

331

Religious and educational conditions.

332

Political conditions....

332

Moral conditions....

333

Effect of settlement on neighborhood.

333

The second generation...

334

General summary.

334

Statistical data for selected families.

334

CHAPTER XVIII.—Gracie, Ark., Millikens Bend and Shreveport, La., and

scattered settlements of Italian cotton growers:

Gracie, Ark......

339

North Italians, Millikens Bend, La.

341

Shreveport, La...

342

CHAPTER XIX.-Italian rural settlements in Texas:

Introduction...

345

North Italians at Montague, Tex...

345

North Italians, League City, Tex.

348

South Italians at Bryan, Tex...

349

South Italians at Dickinson, Tex.

353

Other settlements.....

357

CHAPTER XX.–Tontitown, Ark.-North Italian fruit growers and general

farmers:

Introduction......

359

History of settlement.

359

Topography and soil.

361

Agricultural conditions..

363

Markets and marketing facilities.

364

Property owned.

364

Standard of living.....

365

Opportunity for employment.

366

Social conditions...

366

Church--religious life.

367

Educational conditions.

367

Moral conditions..

367

Political conditions...

368

CHAPTER XXI.—Marshfield, Mo.-North Italians and Germans:

Introduction....

369

History of settlement..

369

Climate.....

370

Agricultural conditions..

371

Standard of living.....

376

CHAPTER XXII.-Knobview, Mo.-North Italian fruit growers:

Introduction...

377

Climate..

379

Agricultural conditions.

380

Markets....

380

Property owned.

380

Standard of living..

381

Opportunities for employment..

381

Church facilities...

381

School facilities....

381

Political conditions...

382

Moral conditions...

382

Statistical data for selected families...

382

CHAPTER XXIII.-Paradise Ridge, Tenn.-North Italian truck gardeners:

Introduction....

385

Memphis...

386

Paradise Ridge.

386

CHAPTER XXIV.-Genoa, Wis.- North Italian general farmers:

Introduction.....

389

History of the settlement.

390

Page

391 393 397 399 400 401

402

403 404 404

CHAPTER XXIV.-Genoa, Wis.—North Italian general farmers-Continued.

Topography, soil, and climate..
Agricultural conditions..
Markets and marketing facilities.
Standard of living.
Opportunities for employment..
Property owned..
Thrift....
Social conditions.
Political conditions...

Effect of settlement on neighborhood..
CHAPTER XXV. Cumberland, Wis.-South Italians on the north Wisconsin
cut-over lands:

Introduction..
Historical..
Topography, soil, and climate.
Agricultural conditions..
Property, size of farms, and indebtedness.
Thrift...
Standard of living.
Opportunities for employment.
Social and moral conditions.
Educational conditions.
Effect on the community.

Economic condition of 12 typical families.
CHAPTER XXVI.--Extinct or partially extinct Italian agricultural colonies:

Introduction...
McWilliams, Ala.

New Palermo...
List of text tables...

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List of maps

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