The New Cambridge Modern History: Volume 4, The Decline of Spain and the Thirty Years War, 1609-48/49

Pirmais vāks
J. P. Cooper
CUP Archive, 1979. gada 20. dec. - 856 lappuses
War, plague, rebellions, and religious and dynastic conflicts changed the distribution of power between states, as well as their structure, when many of the social, intellectual and political foundations of Europe during the Ancien Régime were laid. The mass of the people suffered from direct and indirect effects of war, but both limited and absolutist governments and a variety of social groups strengthened themselves. In this volume, contributors discuss the shift of power and command of oceanic routes to north-western Europe, the failure of Habsburg power in Spain and Germany and the rebuilding of their power in Bohemia. The internal costs of France's victory over Spain and her international position in the 1650s are assessed. Greater immediate gains were won by smaller powers, the Dutch and the Swedes and, despite the Civil War, England. Particular attention is paid to attitudes towards absolutism and the development of scientific ideas.
 

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Saturs

INTRODUCTORY
1
Economic concepts about the period
8
Dutch local alliances Wars against Portuguese pages 6489
9
Impact of war
14
Distinctive features of European societies shown by comparison with Chinese 304
30
State and church
36
The menace of the Tartars
38
Outbreak of war between France and Spain in 1635
44
The constitutions of the territories 5045
509
and the Treaty of Brussolo
514
The religious rivalries 51314
517
THE FALL OF THE STUART MONARCHY
531
Inability of the Stuarts to pursue an effective foreign policy
543
Naval commercial and economic reforms
553
Investigatory activities of Parliament
561
and Scotland The National Covenant
571

Financial exploitation in Calabria and Naples
50
The Stadholdership
53
Hatred of taxfarmers and financiers
57
Local antiwar movements
61
Significance of trends of trade through the Sound
63
Agricultural trends
66
The New Hampshire and Maine settlements The New England Confederation pages 68990
90
The Dutch and the Algonquins
115
Sarpi upholds raison détat
117
Richelieus aggrandizement death and achievements page 493
121
Absolutism in France 11922
127
Diversity of occupations of the scientists 1323
139
The mechanistic conception of the universe 1445
145
CHAPTER V
169
Theological disputes become scholastic Position of the clergy
173
Arminianism and free will
182
Pascals influence on the movement
191
Socinianism Unitarianism and rational theology
201
Social structure of the northern Netherlands
216
Trade in the North Sea and the Baltic
227
CHAPTER VIII
239
The policies of Frederick Henry
241
Court patronage in France
249
Ballet and masque
255
SPAIN AND EUROPE 15981621
261
Spains position in Europe at the death of Philip II
269
The Twelve Years Truce
289
THE FRONTIERS OF EUROPE
291
Economic situation of Germany
296
Moves towards toleration
319
Emperor Ferdinand and the Edict of Restitution
327
Richelieu and the Mantuan
335
Wallensteins negotiations with Gustavus Adolphus and von Arnim
344
Oxenstierna and the generals
355
CHAPTER XIV
359
French successes and the position of Ferdinand
379
Sweden establishes herself as a great power
393
Comparison between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in economic
394
Gustavus reorganizes the army
408
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND
411
The problems of Oxenstierna
417
Mazarin and the imperial succession
420
Peace of Westphalia signed 1648
421
France and the Rhine League
428
Devastation of the wars
429
Troubles of the royal minority
488
The Fronde
497
The economic crisis 160950
499
CHAPTER XVII
503
Cromwells church settlement
577
CHAPTER XIX
585
Attempts to reconcile the Uniates and the Orthodox
591
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE 161748
597
The Treaty of Stuhmsdorf 1635
600
The education and training of the princes
620
The German war and the alliance with France 1638
624
Change in the education of the princes
629
The Thirty Years War 163048 5213
637
New war against Persia Ottoman relations in Iraq
638
Rivalry between English and Dutch
649
Dutch opposed by Mataram and Achin
655
English pepper trade and the Coromandel and Gujarat cotton trade 6601
661
Estado da India destroyed as an imperial structure 6667
670
Development of Virginia Claims to Bermuda 6734
676
Development and organization of Virginia 6779
682
John Winthrop and the Great Migration 6834
688
Rule of Kieft and Stuyvesant
695
Problems of population growth
701
CHAPTER XXIII
707
Emergence of Brandenburg and Russia
718
Spanish Jesuits in Paraguay
728
The impeachment of Strafford and its political significance
732
Hamburg and its development
736
France and Sweden dominate the Austrian Habsburgs
737
Exploration and expansion by the Portuguese bandeiras
738
The Swedish attack on Jutland
743
Decay of feudalism and the growth of seigneurial power
746
Pastoral plays and Cavalier dramas
747
The Creoles and their rivalry with Europeans
748
famines
757
and Richelieu
759
Reaction in Europe to the Bohemian coup
761
The effects of the war 5235
763
Italian influence and Austrian baroque 5289
769
Increase of negro slaves and mulattoes
772
Bullion supply declines
786
THE THIRTY YEARS
791
Bullion shortage leads to devaluation
801
Portuguese empire based on private trading
803
The Dutch achieve their golden age
809
The religious controversies of the Holy Roman Empire
811
Contraband and legal trading
813
Spain abandons military imperialism the contrast and paradoxes of the reign
816
Frederick and Ferdinand find new allies
817
716
823
202
828
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