The New Cambridge Modern History: Volume 4, The Decline of Spain and the Thirty Years War, 1609-48/49

Pirmais vāks
J. P. Cooper
CUP Archive, 1979. gada 20. dec. - 856 lappuses
War, plague, rebellions, and religious and dynastic conflicts changed the distribution of power between states, as well as their structure, when many of the social, intellectual and political foundations of Europe during the Ancien Régime were laid. The mass of the people suffered from direct and indirect effects of war, but both limited and absolutist governments and a variety of social groups strengthened themselves. In this volume, contributors discuss the shift of power and command of oceanic routes to north-western Europe, the failure of Habsburg power in Spain and Germany and the rebuilding of their power in Bohemia. The internal costs of France's victory over Spain and her international position in the 1650s are assessed. Greater immediate gains were won by smaller powers, the Dutch and the Swedes and, despite the Civil War, England. Particular attention is paid to attitudes towards absolutism and the development of scientific ideas.
 

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Saturs

INTRODUCTORY
1
The Stadholdership pages 3645
5
Matthias as emperor page 285
6
Urban VUI and the problems of the papacy 1857
7
Economic concepts about the period
8
Dutch local alliances Wars against Portuguese pages 6489
9
The menace of the Tartars pog 61112
12
Impact of war
14
Social structure of the south
368
Gomarists and Arminians 3713
374
The culture of the south 3778
382
Sweden establishes herself as a great power 35
389
Economic changes under Gustavus 3945
395
The German war and the alliance with France 1638
401
Swedish gains from the Peace of Westphalia 4078
409
Assessment of the Treaty of Westphalia 41112
413

Absolutism in Brandenburg and its special characteristics 115
16
Agriculture The position of the peasants and of the gentry 61718
18
Distinctive features of European societies shown by comparison with Chinese 304
30
State and church
36
Outbreak of war between France and Spain in 1635
44
Financial exploitation in Calabria and Naples
50
Growth of trade and industry 3668
53
Hatred of taxfarmers and financiers
57
Significance of trends of trade through the Sound
63
Industrial growth in western Europe page
64
The economic crisis 160950 6870
70
Social structure of the northern Netherlands 369
71
Bullion supply declines 789
79
Establishment of public banks 845
86
Jansenism 18790
90
the grain and livestock trades 903
93
Textile decline and change 936
99
Conflict between European sovereigns and the pope 1069
115
Sarpi upholds ration detat
117
Richelieus aggrandizement death and achievements page 493
121
Absolutism in France 11922
127
Diversity of occupations of the scientists 1323
135
CHAPTER V
169
Pascals influence on the movement
190
Socinianism Unitarianism and rational theology 1957
199
The new professional armies 2059
215
The military situation in France 2212
224
SEAPOWER
226
The TurcoVenetian war over Crete 2313
232
CHAPTER VIII
239
Court patronage in France 2489
249
Opera in Italy and Germany 2512
255
SPAIN AND EUROPE 15981621
260
Archduke Albert and Spinola press for peace 2656
267
Opposition to Spanish bureaucracy in Italy
273
A war party rises to power in Spain
279
Weakness of Rudolf II 2834
285
Weakness of the 1555 religious settlement
288
THE FRONTIERS OF EUROPE
291
Economic situation of Germany 2913
296
CHAPTER XI
306
Frederick elected king of Bohemia
312
Agreement of Miilhausen endangered by Tilly
318
Wallensteins offer of an army made C inC 3223
324
Hatred of Wallenstein
327
Political and military consequences of Magdeburg
333
Swedish disaster at Nuremberg 33940
340
Wallensteins intrigues and his death 3434
347
Peace of Westphalia signed 1648 3567
357
Mazarin and the imperial succession 41819
419
France and the Rhine League 4201
427
Emergence of Brandenburg and Russia
433
The plague of 1599 and its effect on Castile 43941
443
Catalonia in a state of revolt
469
Decay of feudalism and the growth of seigneurial power 4747
477
Death of Concini Rule of Luynes
483
Troubles of the royal minority
488
Richelieus mercantile policy 4867
489
The Fronde
497
CHAPTER XVII
503
The extent of the Habsburg lands
509
The religious rivalries 51314
517
Elizabethan wars lead to profiteering and corruption S312
534
The education and status of the clergy 5356
541
The financial expedients of 161123
547
Cranfield as treasurer 5501
553
Parliament and the royal supremacy 55860
561
and Scotland The National Covenant 5668
569
Local antiwar movements page
577
Cromwells church settlement
584
The Synod of Brest and the Uniates
590
The Turks Tartars and Cossacks 5967
598
The art of fortification and siegecraft 2223
599
Need for revenue
604
CHAPTER XX
620
The army and its dangers 6267
627
The Lebanon and FakhralDin II 6323
638
CHAPTER XXI
644
Dutch problems Pieter Both Batavia as a focus of trade and administration
649
Dutch opposed by Mataram and Achin
655
English pepper trade and the Coromandel and Gujarat cotton trade 6601
661
Estado da India destroyed as an imperial structure 6667
670
Development of Virginia Claims to Bermuda 6734
676
Development and organization of Virginia 6779
682
John Winthrop and theGreat Migration 6834
688
Rule of Kieft and Stuyvesant
695
Fur trade at a standstill 7001
701
CHAPTER XXIII
707
Organization of the Jesuit missions 71213
714
Growth of large European holdings
720
Index
727
Portuguese empire based on private trading 6445
734
Moderates support Charles 5734
743
The rules for drama 2578
747
Italian influence and Austrian baroque 5289
758
Developments in strategy 224
803
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