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"The Writer's Handbook " is really made up of three books, separately paged: Part I. disComposition and Style," and after an introduction on authorship, speaks of purity of style, with illustrative examples; propriety of style; precision of style; synonymous words; the structure of sentences; figurative language; personification; apostrophe; hyperbole; comparison; metaphor; allegory; concise and diffuse style; nervous and feeble style; vehement style; plain style; neat style; graceful style; florid style; the simple and the affected style; the attainment of a good style, etc. Appended to this division is a section relating to printing and publishing; manuscripts and their preparation; the relations of author and publisher; proof correcting; the size of paper; the size of type; stereotyping; binding, etc. Part II. discusses "English Composition," with remarks on the laws of writing; the writer's vocabulary; taking pains in writing; the formation of style; the study of models; English or Latin; simplicity in style; brevity in style; purity in style; energy in style; parts of speech; punctuation; paraphrase; hints for essayists; controversy, etc. Part III. discusses

Letter-writing," with an introductory essay on letters and letter-writers; hints on letter-writing; composition and the structure of sentences; punctuation; a dictionary of blunders and blemishes; rules for dividing words into sylla

bles, and for the use of prepositions in connection with particular words; a list of homonymes, and of verbs and their participles; a table of mispronounced words, etc.


W. H. H.

VICTORIAN AGE LITERATURE. OF ENGLISH By Mrs. Oliphant. 647 pp. Cloth, $2.00. New York: Lovell, Coryell, & Co. 1892.

Beginning with a chapter on the state of literature in England at the time of Queen Victoria's accession to the throne, Mrs. Oli-phant's book reviews the literary history of the last sixty years, bringing her work down so near to the present time as to include mention of J. M. Barrie and Rudyard Kipling. While the work is subject to all the limitations by which an author writing of contemporary writers necessarily is hampered, it is yet, on the whole, a useful and interesting one, and gives a reasonably fair account of modern English writers.. Mrs. Oliphant's mention of her own name is worth quoting. "We can do no more than mention here the name of Mrs. Oliphant," she says in the proper place, "for reasons which the reader will easily understand. It would be false modesty to leave it out of a record of the novelists of the Victorian age." William Black gets only a dozen lines of mention; in fact, the description of the writers of the present day is hardly more than a catalogue of names, and, altogether, Mrs. Oliphant's work, though useful, is suggestive rather than satisfying. It points out what some one else might do. This edition of the work is a popular one, issued at a lower price than that of the previous edition.

W. H. H.

AMERICAN NEWSPAPER DIRECTORY. Containing a description of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States, Canada, and Newfoundland, and of the towns and cities in which they are published. Twenty-sixth year. 1,123 pp. Cloth, $5.00. New York: Geo. P. Rowell & Co. 1894.

Rowell's "American Newspaper Directory," published annually in May, is the standard work of its kind. The plan of collecting the material for it is elaborate and systematic, and the publishers certainly do not spare pains or expense to make the work accurate and complete. So far as possible, the "directory" for 1894, just issued, is a complete list of American periodicals now published, arranged alphabetically by states, and under states by cities and towns, and giving, besides the name of each periodical, its office address, its day of publication, its size, its specialty, its subscription price, its date of establishment, the names of its editor and its publisher, and some statistics of the place in which it is published, and an estimate of the size of its circulation. Following the detailed descriptions of the 20,169. publications included in the directory comes a condensed alphabetical list covering the same ground, and showing at a glance the names of

all the periodicals issued in any given town or city, with an estimate of the circulation of each. After this again comes a list of the periodicals having a circulation of more than 5,000 copies for each issue, and finally there is a classified list of periodicals devoted to special trades and interests, in which, for instance, all the periodicals devoted to agriculture, or to dentistry, or to education, or to household matters, or to literature, are put together by themselves. The directory is issued primarily for advertisers, but it is exceedingly useful to all contributors for the press as well, since it gives the address of every periodical in the country, and, as far as any publication of the kind can be, it is up to date.

W. H. H.

ROMANTIC PROFESSIONS, AND OTHER PAPERS. By W. P. James. 225 pp. Cloth, $2.00. New York: Macmillan & Co. 1894.

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The essays included in this volume are entitled: "Romantic Professions," ""The Nemesis of Sentimentalism,' "Romance and Youth," "On the Naming of Novels," "Names in Novels," The Poet as Historian," "The Great Work," and "The Historical Novel." They are reprints, with revision, of papers which appeared originally in Blackwood's Magazine and Macmillan's Magazine, and they are well worth preserving in book form. Mr. James writes cleverly, and what he has to say is the result both of wide reading and of intelligent independent thought. The essays

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"The Naming of Novels," "Names in Novels," and "The Historical Novel are particularly entertaining and instructive.

W. H. H.

KATHARINE LAUDERDALE. By F. Marion Crawford. With illustrations by Alfred Brennan. Two vols. 668 pp. Cloth, $2.00. New York: Macmillan & Co. 1894.

There may be people who are losing sight of the fact that, both because of the number and of the importance of his works, Francis Marion Crawford is taking, or has already taken, the second place among living American novelists, granting that the first place is still occupied by Mr. Howells. "Katharine Lauderdale" is Mr. Crawford's twenty-third book, and from the announcement that it is the first of a trilogy, and from the other information vouchsafed regarding Mr. Crawford's plans, it is evident that in his own view he is only at the beginning of his energetic literary career. The marvellous fecundity of the man and his indefatigable industry, which have in a few years piled up such a mass of creditable literary work, naturally have a tendency to make his style prolix. It is for that reason that " Katharine Lauderdale," covering the events of only five days, extends into two volumes, and that two other bookseach possibly of two volumes also- may be required to complete the story which Mr. Craw

ford has started out to tell. This is a busy age, and the multitude of books is increasing rather than diminishing, as time goes on. If, therefore, Mr. Crawford wants to get all the attention that his works deserve, there is need for him to study the art of close narration. "Katharine Lauderdale," for instance, good as it is, would be twice as good if it were rewritten by the author in two-thirds its present bulk.

W. H. H.

As Mr. Crawford has changed his residence from Italy to New York, it is pleasant to see him leaving the Saracinescas and Montevarchis, and giving us an American story, with American characters and American material. The plot of "Katharine Lauderdale" is an attractive and interesting one, and the characters are distinctly and vividly portrayed. It is only a pity that Mr. Crawford, who can tell a story so particularly well, should not keep to his story-telling steadily, and leave essaying for another time. His tendency to overburden his stories with analyses, repetitions, dissertations, and other more or less interesting delays is one that he needs to strive against, both for his own sake and for the sake of the steadily increasing host of his admirers. ADVENTURES OF SHERLOCK HOLMES. By A. Conan Doyle. 307 pp. Cloth, $1.50. New York: Harper & Bros. 1892. MEMOIRS OF SHERLOCK HOLMES. By A. Conan Doyle. 259 pp. Cloth, $1.50. New York: Harper & Bros. 1894. The young writer of the present day can get benefit from a careful study of Dr. Doyle's stories of the adventures of Sherlock Holmes, for they are models in their way. Not only is Dr. Doyle's English generally good, but he tells his stories in a swift, compact, nervous fashion, that holds the reader with uninterrupted interest till the end is reached. The main outlines of the story are kept clearly before the reader's mind, and details are subordinated in such a way that they help on, rather than obscure, the development of the plot. Dr. Doyle never digresses. He begins to tell his story in the first page, and he never forgets the story he is telling, or allows himself to be turned aside in the telling of it by the attractiveness of details on which there may be a temptation to enlarge. Constant movement characterizes every story in these two interesting books. Dr. Doyle, in short, is a master of the art of closelycondensed narration, and while his pictures of characters, scenes, and exciting events are clear and vivid, he makes them so with surprisingly few words.

As a result, we have two volumes of fascinating detective stories of the best and highest class. To the ordinary reader they are attractive because of the inherent interest of their chief character and of the varied stories that they tell. For the writer they have an added value, since they serve as models of good short stories, illustrating in the best possible way

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THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE. By John Fiske. 200 pp. Linen, 40 cents. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, & Co. 1894. This reprint in the Riverside Literature Series of Mr. Fiske's story of the Revolution, prepared originally for the Riverside Library for Young People, will bring an admirable book to the attention of many more readers than it has ever reached before. It is not alone a brief account of the War for Independence written by a thoroughly competent historian: it discusses the underlying causes of the war, its origin, and its conduct, and so gives a fairer idea of the great struggle for liberty than any of the old-fashioned text-books. A biographical sketch of Mr. Fiske is included in the book, which has also some good maps, an index, and a chapter of suggestions for collateral reading.

W. H. H.

MY PARTS NOTE-BOOK. By the author of "An Englishman in Paris.' 307 pp. Cloth, $1.25. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. 1894.

The interest aroused by the publication of "An Englishman in Paris is revived by the appearance of this second volume of " "personal reminiscences" by the same author, who is now generally understood to be Albert D. Vandam, an English journalist of Dutch birth and a resident of Paris. This new volume, the author says, is made up from the note books of his two uncles, who lived most of their lives in Paris, and who enjoyed the friendship of Louis Napoleon, to whom they once did a favor. The anecdotes in the book are supposed to have come from them, and are certainly new to the public. The value of such anecdotes, however, depends on their authenticity, and after the public's experience with "An Englishman in Paris," Mr. Vandam's new stories, clever as they are, are not likely to be taken without salt, which, when it comes to historical matters, does not ordinarily improve the flavor.

W. H. H.

THE UMBRELLA MENDER. By Beatrice Harraden. And other stories. 159 pp. Paper, 25 cents. New York: J. S. Ogilvie Publishing Company. 1894.

This paper-covered volume would not deserve any special notice were it not for the fact that the publisher has tried to play a sharp trick upon the reading public. The cover bears only the title, "The Umbrella Mender," by Beatrice Harraden, making no mention of any "other stories." The title page has in small type the line, "And other stories," following Miss Harraden's name, and separated from it by a period. "The Umbrella Mender" is the only story by

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GOOD STYLE, SMALL EXPENSE; OR, WE'LL NEVER GO THERE ANY MORE. By Ben Holt. 197 PP. Paper, 50 cents. New York: Baker & Taylor Company. 1894.

In the same breezy, unconventional style in which he told "How I Discovered Europe," "Ben Holt" has recorded in this well-printed volume his impressions of the Chicago World's Fair. His trade agents have disfigured the copy of the book sent to THE WRITER by pasting an address label on the fly-leaf - something that no publisher should ever allow any of his clerks to do.

W. H. H.

THE UNKNOWN LIFE OF CHRIST. By the discoverer of the manuscript, Nicholas Notovitch. Translated from the French by Alexina Lorenger. 191 pp. Paper, 25 cents. Chicago: Rand, McNally, & Co. 1894.

In addition to a translation of the manuscript life of Christ which Nicholas Notovitch says he discovered in Thibet, guarded in a Buddhist monastery and unknown to Christians, this volume contains an account by the discoverer of the privations and perils encountered in his search for the manuscript, and a critical analysis of its contents.

W. H. H.

THE FRIENDSHIP OF NATURE. By Mabel Osgood Wright. 238 pp. Cloth, 75 cents. New York: Macmillan & Co. 1894.

"The Friendship of Nature" is, to quote the title page, "a New England chronicle of birds and flowers." Its chapter headings include "A New England May-day," "When Orchards Bloom," "A Song of Summer," "Feathered Philosophers," Nature's Calm,”


"A Winter Mood," etc. The author is evidently an ardent lover more than a friendof Nature, and her essays will attract all who love the great world out of doors. W. H. H. ARDIS CLAVERDEN. By Frank R. Stockton. 498 pp. Cloth, $1.50. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1894.

"Ardis Claverden" is now added to the Scribners' uniform edition of Stockton's works, previous editions of the story having been copyrighted in 1889 by P. F. Collier, and in 1890 by Dodd, Mead, & Co. Miss Ardis Claverden, the heroine of the story, is a very charming girl, and her relations with the various lovers who yield to her attractiveness give Mr. Stockton's peculiar humor ample opportunity for play. Dr. Lester is a very distinct and winning personality, and Koger Dunworth, although rather more of a hot-headed simpleton than a man really ought to be, is in some respects a good foil for the heroine, whose love he wins. The

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story gives some charming pictures of Virginia life and characters. It is told in the simple, graceful, easy style of which Mr. Stockton is a master, with hardly a periodic sentence in the whole 500 pages. An odd misprint is to be noted on page 211, where Mr. Chiverly, the artist, who always wore a silk hat in his studio the rest of the day whenever he had sold a picture, is described as sitting in the breezy coolness and painting landscapes "from old sketches and farm memory." In a certain way, "farm memory" makes sense, no doubt, but "from memory" was probably what Mr. Stockton said.


W. H. H.

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[All books sent to the editor of THE WRITER will be ac'knowledged under this heading. They will receive such further notice as may be warranted by their importance to readers of the magazine.]

HIS VANISHED STAR. By Charles Egbert Craddock. 394 pp. Cloth, $1.25. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, & Co. 1894.

MY SUMMER IN A MORMON VILLAGE. By Florence A. Merriam. 171 pp. Cloth, $1.00. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, & Co. 1894.

THE WHITE Crown, AND OTHER STORIES. By Herbert D. Ward. 336 pp. Cloth, $1.25. Boston Houghton, Mifflin, & Co. 1894.

OLD ENGLISH BALLADS. Selected and edited by Francis B. Gummere. 380 pp. Cloth, $1.05. Boston: Ginn & Co. 1894.

PUBLIC LIBRARIES IN AMERICA. By William I. Fletcher. Illustrated. 169 pp. Cloth, $1.00. Boston: Roberts Bros. 1894.

FRA PAOLO SARPI. By Rev. Alexander Robertson. 196 pp. Cloth, $1.50. New York: Thomas Whittaker. 1894. TENNYSON: HIS ART AND RELATION TO MODERN LIFE. By Stopford A. Brooke. 516 pp. Cloth, $2.00. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1894.

THE STORY OF MARGRÉDEL. By David Storrar Meldrum. 269 pp. Paper, 50 cents. Copyright American Edition. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1894.

A PRACTICAL TREATISE ON NERVOUS EXHAUSTION. By George M. Beard, A. M., M. D. 262 pp. Cloth, $2.75. New York: E. B. Treat. 1894.


By C. Gilman Currier, M. D. 468 pp. Cloth, $2.75. New York: E. B. Treat. 1894.

THE FLOWER OF FORGIVENESS. By Flora Annie Steel. 355 pp. Cloth, $1.00. New York: Macmillan & Co. 1894. MARCELLA. By Mrs. Humphry Ward. Two vols. 945 pp. Cloth, $2.00. New York: Macmillan & Co. 1894. BON-MOTS OF SAMUEL FOOTE AND THEODORE HOOK. Edited by Walter Jerrold, with grotesques by Aubrey Beardsley. 192 pp. Cloth, 75 cents. New York: Macmillan & Co. 1894.

THE NOVEL. WHAT IT IS. By F. Marion Crawford. With
portrait. 108 pp.
Cloth, 75 cents. New York: Mac-
millan & Co. 1893.
pp. Cloth, 75 cents. Boston: Joseph Knight Co. 1894.
ROMANCE SWITZERLAND. By W. D. McCrackan, M. A. 270
pp. Cloth, 75 cents. Boston: Joseph Knight Co. 1894.
pp. Paper, 25 cents.

Chicago: F. T. Neely. 1894.


"IN THE QUARTER." By Robert W. Chambers. 314 PP. Paper, 50 cents. Chicago: F. T. Neely. 1894.

THE PRINCESS OF ALASKA. By Richard Henry Savage. 420
pp. Paper, 5 cents. Chicago: F. T. Neely. 1894.
THE TWO-LEGGED WOLF. By N. N. Karazin. Illustrated.
Translated from the Russian by Boris Lanin. 322 PP.
Cloth, $1.00; paper, 50 cents. Chicago: Rand, McNally, &
Co. 1894.

AGAINST ODDS. By Lawrence L. Lynch. 272 pp. Paper, 25 cents. Chicago: Rand, McNally, & Co. 1894. OBSERVATIONS OF A TRAVELLER. By Louis Lombard. 208 pp. Paper, 50 cents. Utica, N. Y. Louis Lombard. 1894. OBSERVATIONS OF A MUSICIAN. By Louis Lombard. Second edition, augmented. 169 pp. Paper. Utica, N. Y.: Louis Lombard. 1894.

MOODY'S NEW SERMONS. By D. L. Moody. 161 pp. Paper, 25 cents. New York: J. S. Ogilvie Publishing Company. 1894.

MOODY'S LATEST SERMONS. By D. L. Moody. 156 pp. Paper, 25 cents. New York: J. S. Ogilvie Publishing Company. 1894.

SLAV AND MOSLEM. By J. Milliken Napier Brodhead. 301 pp. Cloth. Aiken, S. C.: Aiken Publishing Co. 1894. SEBASTIAN. A dramatic poem. 93 pp. Cloth. Buffalo, N. Y.: Charles Wells Moulton. 1894.


How to Read.. - In these days of much reading and little thinking, Macaulay's suggestions about reading with a purpose are worth reprinting and remembering. Macaulay says: "When a boy I began to read very earnestly, but at the foot of every page which I read I stopped and obliged myself to give an account of what I had read on that page. At first I had to read it three or four times before I got my mind firmly fixed; but I compelled myself to comply with the plan until now, after I have read it through once, I can almost recite it from beginning to end. It is a very simple habit to form in early life, and it is valuable as a means of making our reading serve the best purpose." DETROIT, Mich.

A. T. W.

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periodical must be ordered from the publication office. Readers "who send to the publishers of the periodicals indexed for copies - containing the articles mentioned in the list will confer a favor if they will mention THE WRITER when they write.]

MY FIRST VISIT TO NEW ENGLAND.-III. William Dean Howells. Harper's Magazine (38 c.) for July.

TALKS WITH YOUNG WRITERS. Lippincott's Magazine ⚫ (28 c.) for July.

THE FOUNDER OF THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY (Edward L. Youmans). Popular Science Monthly ( 53 c. ) for July.

I. ZANGWILL. With portrait. G. B. Burgin. Harper's Weekly (13 c.) for June 2.

PROFESSOR HENRY DRISler. With portrait. Henry Thurston Peck. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) for June 9.

PAUL DU CHAILLU. Portrait. May 31.

WALTER SCOTT, THE BOY. Companion (8 c.) for May 17.

Leslie's Weekly (13 c) for

Andrew Lang. Youth's

EMERSON'S MEETING WITH DE QUINCEY. "P. L." Re. printed from Blackwood's Magazine in Eclectic (48 c.) for June.

QUOTATION. Reprinted from Temple Bar in Eclectic (48 c.) for June.

TOM HOOD. S. Parks Cadman. Godey's Magazine (23 c.) for June.

VERTICAL VS. SLOPE WRITING. Boston Herald for June 20. A POET ASTRONOMER (Camille Flammarion). F. L. De Lautreppe. Cosmopolitan ( 18 c.) for June.

THE MODERN GERMAN DRAMA AND ITS AUTHORS. F. Spielhagen. Cosmopolitan (18 c.) for June. COPYING ENGRAVINGS BY CONTACT. (13 c.) for June.


With portrait.

A PIONEER POET (Benjamin Hathaway). Helen E. Starrett. Arena (53 c.) for June. SOCIAL IDEALS OF VICTOR HUGO. With frontispiece portrait. B. O. Flower. Arena (53 c.) for June.

EDMUND HODGSON YATES. With portrait. Chicago Graphic (13 c.) for June 2.

LEWIS MORRIS. With portrait. Chicago Graphic (13 c.) for May 26.

HARRIET BEECHER STOWE. Graphic (13 c.) for June 16.



With portraits.


L. Dyer. Nation (13 c.) for

The Nation (13 c.) for

THE NATION'S NEW LIBRARY AT WASHINGTON. Albert Shaw. With portrait of A. R. Spofford and other illustrations. Review of Reviews (28 c.) for June.

SOME NOTABLE HYMN WRITERS. Alpha G. Kynett. Peterson's (13 c.) for June.

PHILADELPHIA JOURNALISM EIGHTY YEARS AGO. - II. Asa Manchester Steele. Leisure Hours (13 c.) for June.

A WAR CORRESPONDENT'S NARROWEST ESCAPE FROM SUDDEN DEATH. Archibald Forbes. Youth's Companion 8 c.) for June 14.



Worthington's Magazine, Hartford, Conn., is discontinued with the June number.

D. Appleton & Co. have removed to the new building at the northwest corner of Fifth avenue and Thirteenth street, New York.

The Lothrop Publishing Company, of Boston, has bought the plant, goodwill, accounts, copyrights, and stock of the D. Lothrop Company, D. Lothrop & Co., and the Inter-state Publishing Company. Edmund H. Pennell is its president, Frank M. Hoyt is vice-president, and Harry E. Morrell is treasurer. All have been for many years associated with the D. Lothrop Company. The new house is located at 114-120 Purchase street, Boston.

Charles Scribner's Sons have finished their removal from 743 and 745 Broadway, New York, to their new building, 151-155 Fifth avenue, between Twenty-first and Twenty-second


The Bookman, which has been a success in London, is to have an American edition.

Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes has gone to his summer home at Beverly Farms.

W. D. Howells and his daughter sailed for Europe June 2.

Mrs. M. French-Sheldon sailed for Europe from New York June 23.

Baron Nils Posse before leaving for Europe completed the revision of his "Educational Gymnastics," which will be issued soon by Lee & Shepard, under the title of "Special Kinesiology of Educational Gymnastics." It will be the most complete work on the subject in the English language.

William T. Adams ("Oliver Optic") has engaged his passage for his annual trip to Europe about July 1. Mr. Adams has been at work until recently on the new volume of the All-Over-the-World Library, entitled "Up and Down the Nile," and having completed the story, means to recuperate by a short sojourn abroad.

Rev. C. Ellis Stevens, LL. D., D. C. L., author of "Sources of the Constitution of the United States," a book now attracting attention as answering Douglas Campbell, is an American by birth and descent, and not an Englishman, as some of the reviewers declare. He is rector of Christ church, Philadelphia, the old church of Washington and Franklin.

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