Energy Beyond Oil

Pirmais vāks
Troubador Publishing Ltd, 2005 - 198 lappuses
In order that you can share the argument, this book explores the issues in detail. The data. The trends. The projections. The possible outcomes. Hopefully, at the end of this process, you will be able to understand what it is we are facing, and perhaps find your own resolution to the potential difficulties we will all face over the years.

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Saturs

What is It About Oil?
1
Oil Bearing Structures
6
Complex Hydrocarbons
8
Polymerisation and the Production of Plastics
10
The First Law of Thermodynamics
13
Where Does the Energy Go?
14
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
16
What is a Joule What is a Watt?
17
Heat Engines and Conversion Efficiency
88
A CoalFired Power Station
89
A CombinedCycle Gas Turbine Power Station
90
A Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator
93
Incineration Recycling and LifeCycle Assessment
94
How Nuclear Reactors Produce Energy
97
How Electricity is Generated
102
Ohms Law and the Operation of the National Grid
104

Natural Energy Sources and human energy use
19
Human Energy Sources
20
How Energy Models Define Energy Use
22
Per Capita Energy Consumption in European States
25
Primary Energy Sources in the UK 1970 to 2002
27
Primary Supply and Final Use of Energy in the UK 2002
28
A Flow Diagram of Energy Use in the UK 2003
29
Peak Oil Why and When?
35
Understanding Different Types of Oil Production
36
Oil Flow in a Reservoir
37
Oil Production and Reservoir Lifetime
38
Oil Barrels Tonnes and Potential Energy
39
Hubberts Plot or Hubberts Peak
40
A Projection of Future World Oil Production
46
Oil Production Prices from Different Types of Reserve
49
World Oil Prices 1967 to 2004 inflation adjusted
51
Climate Change
57
Climate Change and the Earths Orbit
60
How Climate Proxy Data is Collected
63
Climate and Carbon Measurements from Proxy Data
64
The North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation
70
Energy Policy and Energy Use
73
EP68 Energy Demand Forecasts 19952010
75
The Dash for Gas
77
EP68 Projected Change in Generation Sources
78
EP68 Greenhouse Gas Projections with actual data
79
Carbon Credits Carbon Trading and Carbon Sinks
82
A Projection of the UKs Energy Supply Past Peak Oil and Gas
84
Conventional and Nuclear Energy
87
The National Grid and Regional Distribution System
105
Low Carbon Energy Sources
107
The Biomass Cycle From Sun to Soil
108
Diagram of a Typical Landfill Gas Power Plant
110
Diagram of a Typical Anaerobic Digester Plant
111
How Much Energy Can Biomass Produce?
113
How Much Energy Can Biodiesel Produce?
116
How Does a Hydrogen Fuel Cell Work?
120
Renewable Energy
123
Renewable Energy Production in the UK 2003
124
Heat Production from a Thermal Solar System
128
Diagram of a Typical Solar Water Heating System
129
A Heat Pump System
130
How a Heat Pump Works
131
Producing Energy from Wind Turbines
133
How Big Is Enough? Economics vs Efficiency
135
Diagram of a Typical MicroHydro Power System
139
How Photovoltaic PV Cells Work
140
How Much Do We Need to Cut?
143
The Problems with PoorlyConceived Energy Schemes
146
Shifting Energy Demand in the Transport Sector
152
The Burn Everything Model
158
The Reduce and Renewable Model
160
Figures Figure Primary Oil Deposits in Oil Reservoirs 6
162
Tune Out Turn Off Be Happy?
163
Sources and Further Information
178
Index
195
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