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JANUARY 18, 1907.-Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed.

Mr. WANGER, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Com

merce, submitted the following


[To accompany H. R. 23939.)

The Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 23939) to authorize the board of commissioners of Lake County, Ind., to construct a bridge across the Calumet River in the State of Indiana, having considered the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it pass.

The bill has the approval of the War Department, as will appear by the indorsements attached and which are made a part of this report.

[Second indorsement.)


Washington, January 16, 1907. Respectfully returned to the Secretary of War.

The accompanying bill, H. R. 23939, Fifty-ninth Congress, second session, to authorize the construction of a bridge across Calumet River, appears to make ample provision for the protection of navigation interests, and I know of no objection to its favorable consideration by Congress so far as those interests are concerned.

A. MACKENZIE, Brig. Gen., Chief of Engineers, U. 8. Army.

(Third indorsement.)

WAR DEPARTMENT, January 16, 1907. Respectfully returned to the chairman Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, inviting attention to the foregoing report of the Chief of Engineers, United States Army.

ROBERT SHAW OLIVER, Assistant Secretary of War.

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JANUARY 18, 1907.-Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed.

Mr. PERKINS, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, submitted the




[To accompany H. R. 24122.]

The Committee on Foreign Affairs, to which was referred a bill (H. R. 24122) in reference to the expatriation of citizens and their protection abroad, having carefully considered the same, respectfully reports it back to the House with amendments, and as amended recommends its adoption.

This bill follows in its general lines the recommendations of the Department of State. A commission appointed by the Secretary of State, consisting of Mr. Scott, the Solicitor of the Department; Doctor Hill, former Assistant Secretary of State and now minister to The Hague, and Mr. Hunt, Chief of the Bureau of Passports, have submitted a full and valuable report on the necessity of the legislation asked for by the Department of State, to which the committee would refer.

The bill authorizes the issuance of passports restricted to six months to those who have filed their first papers and resided three years in this country. As the law now stands, a passport can not be issued except to a citizen. It frequently occurs that young men who have filed their first papers are required by business to travel outside this country. They have renounced their allegiance to their own country and can obtain no protection from it, and if no passports can be obtained from our Government they are entirely without protection. While passports are not required in some countries, they are in many others. I'his section is not obligatory, but it authorizes the Department of State to issue a passport in such a case.

The statute also fixes the status of American women marrying foreigners and foreign women marrying Americans. There has been more or less conflict in the courts upon this question, and it is desirable that the matter should be regulated by statute. A provision is made by which an American woman can regain her citizenship upon the termination of the marital relation, which was thought by the committee to be proper and desirable.

Perhaps the most important provision of the bill is desired by the State Department to guard against complications in which this country has often been involved. All desire that the flag of this country should protect an American citizen to the fullest extent. But none of us desire that some foreigner who does not intend to cast his lot permanently with us should endeavor to avail himself of the flag as a fraudulent protection. Many foreigners come here, become naturalized, and then return to their own countries or migrate to other parts of the world, without any intention of returning to this country. They have not become citizens in good faith, but they seek to avail themselves of the protection of our citizenship in avoiding responsibility to which they may be subjected in other parts of the world.

This is not right. The citizenship of the United States should not be sought or possessed for commercial or dishonest ends. To guard against this evil this bill provides that a naturalized citizen who leaves this country and dwells elsewhere continuously for five years shall be presumed to have abandoned his citizenship. This presumption can be overcome, but such a provision as this would be a great assistance to the Department of State, would avoid possibilities of international complications, and will prevent those who are not entitled to its protection from dishonestly hiding under the American flag.

The committee recommends the passage of the bill amended as follows: Page 2, lines 8 and 9, strike out the words or when he has become

“ domiciled in a foreign state.”

Page 2, line 11, after the word " years," insert the word "continuously.

Page 2, lines 11 and 12, strike out the words “ become domiciled therein and that he has."

Page 3, line 14, after the words “naturalization of," insert the words" or resumption of American citizenship by."

Page 3, line 15, after the word "naturalization," insert the words “ or resumption."

Page 4, after line 5, insert the words:

SEC. 8. Duplicates of any evidence, registration, or other acts required by this bill shall be filed with the Department of State for record.

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