« iepriekšējāTurpināt »
PERMANENT AND INDEFINITE ANNUAL AND TRUST ACCOUNT APPROPRIATIONS—Continued
National Housing Act, amended, unearned collections, title I.
Expenses on real properties, title I..
Operation and maintenance of resettlement projects.
tractors under act of Aug. 30, 1935.
National Archives: F. D. Roosevelt Library.
Securities and Exchange Commission, unearned fees.
Low-rent housing fund..
1, 053, 000
AMENDING THE AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT OF 1938 AND THE SOIL CONSERVATION AND DOMESTIC
FEBRUARY 8, 1945.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the
state of the Union and ordered to be printed
Mr. FLANNAGAN, from the Committee on Agriculture, submitted the
(To accompany S. 338)
The Committee on Agriculture, to whom was referred the bill amended, and sections 7 to 17 of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, as amended, to encourage the growing of war crops by protecting the allotments of producers of cotton and wheat, having considered the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it do pass, with the following amendments: Page 2, line 2, following the word "cotton”, insert a comma; strike
Page 2, line 3, following the word "cotton", insert a comma; strike out the word "or". and add the words "or peanuts", followed by a comma; change the
Page 2, line 4, following the word "wheat", strike out the comma word "was” to “were”; following the word "planted”, strike out the comma and add the words “and grown”, followed by a comma.
Page 2, line 5, following the word "that”, insert & comma and add the words "with respect to cotton or wheat”, followed by a comma.
Page 2, line 6, following the first “or”, insert & comma and the following words:"with respect to cotton, wheat or peanuts", followed by insert the words “or peanut”. Page 2, line 8, strike out the word “or”; following the word "wheat”, Amend the title to read:
Page 2, following line 9, insert a new paragraph as follows: acreage of peanuts shall be adjusted upward to the extent that the acreage used
The Secretary may also provide with respect to any such farm that the past for growing peanuts on such farm in such year is below the normal history of the
A bill to amend the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended, and sections 7 to 17 of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, as amended, to encourage the growing of war crops by protecting the allotments of producers of cotton, wheat, and peanuts.
With respect to cotton, subtitle B of title III of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 at present provides that not more than 2 percent of the State acreage allotment may be apportioned to farms in the State which were not used for cotton production during any of the 3 calendar years immediately preceding the year for which the allotment is made. The Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act contains no specific provisions with respect to the establishment of cotton-acreage allotments. However, it has been found desirable under previous programs to fix these allotments on the same general basis as they are fixed under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.
With respect to wheat, both subtitle B of title III of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 and the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act at present provide that not more than 3 percent of the county allotment may be apportioned to farms on which wheat has not been planted during any of the 3 marketing years immediately preceding the marketing year in which the allotment is made.
During the past 2 years many producers of cotton and wheat, in response to an appeal by the War Food Administration, have used their entire acreages previously planted to cotton or wheat for the production of other war crops, the need for which was more critical. Most of these producers desire to continue this cooperation in the war-food program during the current and subsequent years. However, unless they return to the production of cotton or wheat prior to the reestablishment of acreage allotments in the future, it is obvious that under existing laws they could only obtain a farm-acreage allotment for cotton or wheat out of the comparatively small reserve set up for farms which have not produced wheat or cotton for 3 years. Moreover, even though they should return to the production of cotton or wheat prior to the reestablishment of acreage allotments, after being out of production for 3 years, their position would be prejudiced because the prior cotton or wheat production history of the farm would be lost for allotment purposes.
Under the terms of the bill, in establishing farm acreage allotments, the Secretary would have the authority to provide, through the medium of regulations, that with respect to any farm which had a cotton- or wheat-farm acreage allotment in 1942, in any crop year during the present emergency, beginning with the crop year 1945, such farm would be regarded as a farm on which cotton or wheat, as the case may be, was planted even though no cotton or wheat was in fact planted thereon, if the Secretary determined that because of the production of war crops on such farm the cotton- or wheat-production history of the farm for such year was not representative of the normal history of the farm. Thus, the bill will preserve the prior cotton or wheat history of such farms and their status as old farms in the agricultural-adjustment and soil-conservation and domestic-allotment programs.