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ACT OF MARCH 4, 1921 (41 STAT. 1436; 31 U. S. C. 218–222) CHAP. 163.-An Act to amend an Act entitled "An Act to provide for the settlement of the claims of officers and enlisted men of the Army for the loss of private property destroyed in the military service of the United States," approved March 3, 1885, as amended by the Act of July 9, 1918, and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled "An Act to provide for the settlement of the claims of officers and enlisted men of the Army for loss of private property destroyed in the military service of the United States," approved March 3, 1885, as amended by the Act of Šuly 9, 1918 (Fortieth Statutes, page 880), be, and the same hereby is, amended to read as follows:
"SECTION 1. That private property belonging to officers, enlisted men, and members of the Nurse Corps (female) of the Army, including all prescribed articles of equipment and clothing which they are required by law or regulation to own and use in the performance of their duties, and horses and equipment required by law or regulations to be provided by mounted officers, which since the 5th day of April 1917 has been or shall hereafter be lost, damaged, or destroyed in the military service, shall be replaced, or the damage thereto, or its value recouped to the owner as hereinafter provided, when such loss, damage, or destruction has occurred or shall hereafter occur without fault or negligence on the part of the owner in any of the following circumstances:
"First. When such private property so lost, damaged, or destroyed was shipped on board an unseaworthy vessel by order of an officer authorized to give such order or direct such shipment.
“Second. When it appears that such private property was so lost, damaged, or destroyed in consequence of its owner having given his attention to the saving of human life or property belonging to the United States which was in danger at the same time and under similar circumstances, or while, at the time of such loss, damage, or destruction, the claimant was engaged in authorized military duties in connection therewith.
“Third. When during travel under orders such private property, including the regulating allowance of baggage, transferred by a common carrier, or otherwise transported by the proper agent or agency of the United States Government, is lost, damaged, or destroyed; but replacement, recoupment, or commutation in these circumstances, where the property was or shall be transported by a common carrier, shall be limited to the extent of such loss, damage, or destruction over and above the amount recoverable from said carrier.
"Fourth. When such private property is destroyed or captured by the enemy; or is destroyed to prevent its falling into the hands of the enemy, or is abandoned on account of lack of transportation or by reason of military emergency requiring its abandonment, or is otherwise lost in the field during campaign.
"Sec. 2. That except as to such property as by law or regulation is required to be possessed and used by officers, enlisted men, and members of the Army Nurse Corps (female), respectively, the liability of the Government under this Act shall be limited to damage to or loss of such sums of money or such articles of personal property as the Secretary of War shall decide or declare to be reason. able, useful, necessary, and proper for officers, enlisted men, or members of the Army Nurse Corps (female), respectively, as the case may be, to have in their possession while in quarters, or in the field, engaged in the public service in the sine of duty.
"SEC. 3. That the Secretary of War is authorized and directed to examine into, ascertain, and determine the value of such property lost, destroyed, cap. tured, or abandoned as specified in the foregoing paragraphs, or the amount of damage thereto, as the case may be; and the amount of such value or damage so ascertained and determined shall be paid by disbursing officers of the Army, or such property lost, destroyed, captured, or abandoned, or so damaged as to be unfit for service, may be replaced in kind from Government property on hand when the Secretary of War shall so direct.
“SEC. 4. That the tender of replacement or of commutation or the determination made by the Secretary of War upon a claim presented, as provided for in the foregoing section, shall constitute a final determination of any claim cognizable under this chapter, and such claim shall not thereafter be reopened or considered.
"Sec. 5. That no claim arising under this Act shall be considered unless made within two years from the time that it accrued, except that when a claim accrues in time of war, or when war intervenes within two years after its accrual, such claim may be presented within two years after peace is established.
“SEC. 6. That for the payment of claims arising and established under this Act there is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $300,000.
"Sec. 7. That so much of the Act of March 28, 1918 (Fortieth Statutes, pages 479, 480), as makes provision for the presentation, adjustment, and payment of claims of officers and enlisted men for loss of private property destroyed in the military service be, and the same hereby is, repealed.”
Approved March 4, 1921.
SECTION 6 QF THE ACT OF JULY 3, 1943 (57 STAT. 374; 31 U. 8. C. 222A, 222B) "Sec. 6. The Act of March 3, 1885 (23 Stat. 350), as amended by the Act of July 9, 1918 (40 Stat. 880), and by the Act of March 4, 1921 (41 Stat. 1436), is hereby amended by adding, after section 5, the following sections:
"SEC. 58. Any authorization or direction in this Act to the Secretary of War, and any reference herein to a decision, declaration, or other action by the Secretary of War, shall include authorization or direction to, and action by, as the case may be, such other officer or officers as he may designate for such purposes, acting •under such regulations as he may prescribe. Any settlement made by the Secretary of War, or his designee, under the authority of this Act, under such regulations as he may prescribe, shall be final and conclusive for all purposes, notwithstanding any other provisions of law to the contrary.
"SEC. 5b. The provisions of this Act shall be applicable also to civilian personnel and civilian employees of the War Department or of the Army, including such personnel and employees engaged on civil works.”
The bill recommended by your committee is as follows:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of War, and such other officer or officers as he may designate for such purposes and under such regulations as he may prescribe, are hereby authorized to consider, ascertain, adjust, determine, settle, and pay any claim against the United States, including claims not heretofore satisfied arising on or after December 7, 1939, of military personnel and civilian employees of the War Department or of the Army, when such claim is substantiated, and the property determined to be reasonable, useful, necessary, or proper under the attendant circumstances, in such manner as the Secretary of War may by regulation prescribe, for damage to or loss, destruction, capture, or abandonment of personal property occurring incident to their service, or to replace such personal property in kind: Provided, That the damage to or loss, destruction, capture, or abandonment of property shall not have been caused in whole or in part by any negligence or wrongful act on the part of the claimant, his agent, or employee, and shall not have occurred at quarters occupied by the claimant within continental United States (excluding Alaska) which are not assigned to him or otherwise provided in kind by the Government. No claim shall be settled under this Act unless presented in writing within one year after the accident or incident out of which such claim arises shall have occurred: Provided, That if such accident or incident occurs in time of war, or if war intervenes within two years after its occurrence, any claim may, on good cause shown, be presented within one year after peace is established. Any such settlement made by the Secretary of War, or his designee, under the authority of this Act and such regulations as he may prescribe hereunder, shall be final and conclusive for all purposes, not withstanding any other provision of law to the contrary.
Sec. 2. Such appropriations as may be required for the settlement of claims under the provisions of this Act are hereby authorized. Appropriations available to the War Department for the settlement of claims under the provisions of the Act of March 3, 1885 (23 Stat. 350), as amended, shall be available for the settlement of claims under the provisions of this Act.
Sec. 3. Sections 3483-3188 of the Revised Statutes (31 U. S. C. 209-214) and the Act of March 3, 1885 (23 Stat. 350), as amended by the Act of July 9, 1918 (40 Stat. 880), and by the Act of March 4, 1921 (41 Stat. 1436; 31 U. S. C. 218222), and by section 6 of the Act of July 3, 1943 (57 Stat. 374; 31 U. S. C. 222a, 2226), are hereby repealed.
Sec. 4. That portion of section 1 of the Act of July 3, 1943 (57 Stat. 372; 31 U. S. C. 223b), reading as follows: "The provisions of this Act shall not bə applicable to claims arising in foreign countries or possessions thereof which are cognizable under the provisions of the Act of January 2, 1942 (55 Stat. 880; 31 U. S. C. 224d), as amended, or to claims for damage to or loss or destruction of property of military personnel or civilian employees of the War Department or of the Army, or for personal injury or death of such persons, if such damage, loss, destruction, injury, or death occurs incident to their service.” is hereby amended, effective as of the date of approval of said Act, to read as follows: "The provisions of this Act shall not be applicable to claims arising in foreign countries or possessions thereof which are cognizable under the provisions of the Act of January 2, 1942 (55 Stat. 880; 31 U. S. C. 224d), as amended, or to claims for personal injury or death of military personnel or civilian employees of the War Department or of the Army if such injury or death occurs incident to their service."
Sec. 5. This Act may be cited as the "Military Personnel Claims Act of 1945."
FEBRUARY 27, 1945.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the
state of the Union and ordered to be printed
Mr. HOBBS, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the
(To accompany H. R. 32)
The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 32) to amend the act entitled "An act to protect trade and commerce against interference by violence, threats, coercion, or intimidation," approved June 18, 1934, after consideration, report the same favorably to the House with the recommendation that it
This is a successor bill to H. R. 6872, of the Seventy-seventh Congress, on which hearings were held by the committee, and of H. Ř. 7067, favorably reported by the committee during that Congress, and of H. R. 653 of the Seventy-eighth Congress, which was favorably reported by the committee and passed by the House, but which was not acted upon in the Senate.
The purposes of the bill are (1) to prevent interference with interstate commerce by robbery or extortion, as defined in the bill, and (2) to prevent interference during the war with the transportation of troops, munitions, war supplies, or mail in interstate or foreign commerce.
This title is an amendment of the existing antiracketeering law which was enacted in 1934. It was passed in an effort to eliminate racketeering in relation to interstate commerce, of concern to the Nation as a whole. That statute came under examination of the Supreme Court in United States v. Local 807 and the opinion in that case is set out in full, both the majority opinion and the dissent:
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
Nos. 131-132.—OCTOBER TERM, 1941
hood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Sta
blemen and Helpers of America, et al. On Writs of Certiorari to the United Local 807 of International Brother
States Circuit Court of Appeals for
the Second Circuit. hood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen and Helpers of America, et al.
United States of America.
(March 2, 1942.) Mr. Justice BYRNES delivered the opinion of the Court.
This case comes here on cross-petitions for certiorari to review a judgment of the Circuit Court of Appeals reversing the conviction of Local 807 and 26 individuals on charges of conspiracy to violate $ $ 2 (a), 2 (b) and 2 (c) of the Anti-racketeering Act of June 18, 1934.1 The government asks that the judgments of conviction be reinstated. In their cross-petition the defendants seek dismissal of the indictment. We do not regard this as a correct disposition of the case. Since the correctness of the views concerning the meaning of the statute on which the trial court submitted the case to the jury goes to the root of the convictions and their reversal by the Circuit Court of Appeals, we shall confine our consideration of these cases to that issue. Consequently, we are concerned only with whether the defendants were tried in a manner consistent with the proper meaning and scope of the pertinent provisions of § 2 of the Act, which provide:
“Any person who, in connection with or in relation to any act in any way or in any degree affecting trade or commerce or any article or commodity moving or about to move in trade or commerce
“(a) Obtains or attempts to obtain, by the use of or attempt to use or threat to use force, violence, or coercion, the payment of money or other valuable considerations, or the purchase or rental of property or protective services, not including, however, the payment of wages by a bona-fide employer to a bona fide employee; or
"(b) Obtains the property of another, with his consent, induced by wrongful use of force or fear, or under color of official right; or
"(c) Commits or threatens to commit an act of physical violence of physical injury to a person or property in furtherance of a plan or purpose to violate sections (a) or (b);"
The proof at the trial showed that the defendant Local 807 includes in its membership nearly all the motor truck drivers and helpers in the city of New York, and that during the period covered by the indictment defendants Campbell and Furey held office in the Local as delegates in charge of the west side of Manhattan and the other defendants were members. Large quantities of the merchandise which goes into the city from neighboring states is transported in "overthe-road” trucks which are usually manned by drivers and helpers who reside in the localities from which the shipments are made and who are consequently not members of Local 807. Prior to the events covered by this indictment, it appears to have been customary for these out-of-state drivers to make deliveries to the warehouses of consignees in New York and then to pick up other merchandise from New York shippers for delivery on the return trip to consignees in the surrounding states.
148 Stat. 979, U. 8. C., Title 18, § 420 (a). Local 807 and the 28 Individuals were also convicted of onspiracy to violate & 1 of the Sherman Act (26 Stat. 209, U.S.C., Title 15, 81). The Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the convictions under this indictment as well, but the government does not seek review of this part of its judgment.