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Legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation bill, 1908—Continued.
Salaries of United States judges, retired (indefinite)
Salaries of chief justice and associate justices
Books for library
Salaries of chief justice and associate judges..
Salaries of stenographers
Note.—Total increase in amount of estimates, 1908, over appropriations for 1907
Net increase in number of salaries estimated, 1908, over appropriations for 1907
Net decrease in amount of this bill under estimates for 1908
Net decrease in number of salaries in this bill under estimates for 1908.
Net increase in amount of this bill over appropriations for 1907 Net increase in number of salaries in this bill over appropriations for 1907
TO VALIDATE CERTAIN CERTIFICATES OF NATURALI.
DECEMBER 11, 1906.-Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed
Mr. BENNET, of New York, from the Committee on Immigration and
Naturalization, submitted the following
[To accompany H. R. 20465.)
The Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, to whom was referred House bill 20465, have had the same under consideration and recommend its passage with the following amendment:
In line 3, page 1, strike out the word “since" and insert in lieu thereof the word “under."
This is a remedial statute. In the immigration act of 1903, section 39 provides as follows:
That no person who disbelieves in or who is opposed to all organized government, or who is a member of or affiliated with any organization entertaining or teaching such disbelief in or opposition to all organized government, or who advocates or teaches the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers, either of specific individuals or of officers generally, of the Government of the United States, or of any other organized government, because of his or their official character, or who has violated any provisions of this act, shall be naturalized or be made a citizen of the United States. All courts and tribunals and all judges and officers thereof having jurisdiction of naturalization proceedings or duties to perform in regard thereto shall, on final application for naturalization, make careful inquiry into such matters, and before issuing the final order or certificate of naturalization cause to be entered of record the affidavit of the applicant and his witnesses so far as applicable, reciting and affirming the truth of every material fact requisite for naturalization. All final orders and certificates of naturalization hereafter made sball show on their face specifically that said affidavits were duly made and recorded, and all orders and certificates that fail to show such facts shall be null and void.
It will be noted that the duty of inserting the proper recitals in the certificates was specifically imposed on no one. Of course, as a matter of practice, the certificates and orders were prepared by the clerks of courts. Outside of the Federal courts and the courts in large States few of the clerks knew of this provision. As a consequence thousands of invalid certificates were issued. These certificates are absolutely null and void. There is no fault in regard to them on the part of the applicant, and the bill validates such certificates, but only as against this principal defect, thus not depriving any court of the right of revoking any such certificates which were improperly or fraudulently secured.