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shall be deemed to forbid, prevent, or re- trict of Columbia, and shall be under the strict the transfer of any copy of a copy- control of the register of copyrights, who righted work the possession of which has shall, under the direction and supervision of been lawfully obtained.
the Librarian of Congress, perform all the Sec. 42. That copyright secured under duties relating to the registration of copythis or previous Acts of the United States rights. may be assigned, granted, or mortgaged by Sec. 48. That there shall be appointed by an instrument in writing signed by the pro- the Librarian of Congress a register of copyprietor of the copyright, or may be be- rights, at a salary of four thousand dollars queathed by will.
per annum, and one assistant register of Sec. 43. That every assignment of copy- copyrights, at a salary of three thousand dolright executed in a foreign country shall be lars per annum, who shall have authority acknowledged by the assignor before a con- during the absence of the register of copysular officer or secretary of legation of the rights to attach the copyright office seal to United States authorized by law to admin- all papers issued from the said office, and to ister oaths or perform notarial acts. The sign such certificates and other papers as certificate of such acknowledgement under may be necessary. There shall also be apthe hand and official seal of such consular pointed by the Librarian such subordinate officer or secretary of legation shall be prima assistants to the register as may from time facie evidence of the execution of the instru- to time be authorized by law. ment.
SEC. 49. That the register of copyrights Sec. 44. That every assignment of copy- shall make daily deposits in some bank in right shall be recorded in the copyright the District of Columbia, designated for this office within three calendar months after its purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury execution in the United States or within six as a national depository, of all moneys remonths after its execution without the limits ceived to be applied as copyright fees, and of the United States, in default of which it shall make weekly deposits with the Secreshall bę void as against any subsequent pur- tary of the Treasury, in such manner as the chaser or mortgagee for a valuable consid- latter shall direct, of all copyright fees actueration, without notice, whose assignment ally applied under the provisions of this Act, has been duly recorded.
and annual deposits of sums received which Sec. 45. That the register of copyrights it has not been possible to apply as copyshall, upon payment of the prescribed fee, right fees or to return to the remitters, and record such assignment, and shall return it shall also make monthly reports to the Secto the sender with a certificate of record at- retary of the Treasury and to the Librarian tached under seal of the copyright office, and of Congress of the applied copyright fees fos upon the payment of the fee prescribed by each calendar month, together with a state
this Act he shall furnish to any person re- ment of all remittances received, trust funds : questing the same a certified copy thereof on hand, moneys refunded, and unapplied under the said seal.
balances. Sec. 46. That when an assignment of the Sec. 50. That the register of copyrights copyright in a specified book or other work shall give bond to the United States in the has been recorded the assignee may substi- sum of twenty thousand dollars, in form to tute his name for that of the assignor in the be approved by the Solicitor of the Treasury statutory notice of copyright prescribed by and with sureties satisfactory to the Secrethis Act.
tary of the Treasury, for the faithful disSec. 47. That all records and other things charge of his duties. relating to copyrights required by law to be Sec. 51. That the register of copyrights preserved shall be kept and preserved in the shall make an annual report to the Librarian copyright office, Library of Congress, Dis- of Congress, to be printed in the annual re
port on the Library of Congress, of all copy- quest, without additional fee, a receipt for right business for the previous fiscal year, the copies of the work deposited to complete including the number and kind of works the registration. which have been deposited in the copyright Sec. 56. That the register of copyrights office during the fiscal year, under the pro- shall fully index all copyright registrations visions of this Act.
and assignments, and shall print at periodic Sec. 52. That the seal provided under the intervals a catalogue of the titles of articles Act of July eighth, eighteen hundred and deposited and registered for copyright, toseventy, and at present used in the copyright gether with suitable indexes, and at stated office, shall continue to be the seal thereof, intervals shall print complete and indexed and by it all papers issued from the copy- catalogues for each class of copyright entries, right office requiring authentication shall be and may thereupon, if expedient, destroy the authenticated.
original manuscript catalogue cards containSEC. 53. That, subject to the approval of ing the titles included in such printed the Librarian of Congress, the register of volumes and representing the entries made copyrights shall be authorized to make rules during such intervals. The current cataand regulations for the registration of claims logues of copyright entries and the index to copyright as provided by this Act.
volumes herein provided for shall be ad. SEC. 54. That the register of copyrights mitted in any court as prima facie evidence shall provide and keep such record books in of the facts stated therein as regards any the copyright office as are required to carry copyright registration. out the provisions of this Act, and whenever Sec. 57. That the said printed current deposit has been made in the copyright office catalogues they are issued shall be of a copy of any work under the provisions promptly distributed by the copyright office of this Act he shall make entry thereof. to the collectors of customs of the United
SEC. 55. That in the case of each entry the States and to the postmasters of all exchange person recorded as the claimant of the copy- offices of receipt of foreign mails, in accordright shall be entitled to a certificate of reg- ance with revised lists of such collectors of istration under seal of the copyright office, customs and postmasters prepared by the to contain his name and address, the title of Secretary of the Treasury and the Postthe work upon which copyright is claimed, master-General, and they shall also be furthe date of the deposit of the copies of such nished to all parties desiring them at a price work, and such marks as to class designation to be determined by the register of copy. and entry number as shall fully identify the rights, not exceeding five dollars per a entry. In the case of a book the certificate for the complete catalogue of copyright shall also state the receipt of the affidavit entries, and not exceeding one dollar per as provided by section sixteen of this Act, annum for the catalogues issued during the and the date of the completion of the print- year for any one class of subjects. The coning, or the date of the publication of the solidated catalogues and indexes shall also book, as stated in the said affidavit. The be supplied to all persons ordering them at register of copyrights shall prepare a printed such prices as may be determined to be reaform for the said certificate, to be filled out sonable, and all subscriptions for the catain each case as above provided for, which logues shall be received by the Superincertificate, sealed with the seal of the copy- tendent of Public Documents, who shall forright office, shall, upon payment of the pre- ward the said publications ; and the moneys scribed fee, be given to any person making thus received shall be paid into the Treasury application for the same, and the said cer- of the United States and accounted for under tificate shall be admitted in any court as such laws and Treasury regulations as shall prima facie evidence of the facts stated be in force at the time. therein. In addition to such certificate, the Sec. 38. That the record books of the register of copyrights shall furnish, upon re- copyright office, together with the indexes
to such record books, and all works de. posited and retained in the copyright office, shall be open to public inspection ; and copies may be taken of the copyright entries actually made in such record books, subject to such safeguards and regulations as shall be prescribed by the register of copyrights and approved by the Librarian of Congress.
Sec. 59. That of the articles deposited in the copyright office under the provisions of the copyright laws of the United States or of this Act, the Librarian of Congress shall determine what books and other articles shall be transferred to the permanent collections of the Library of Congress, including the law library, and what other books or articles shall be placed in the reserve collections of the Library of Congress for sale or exchange, or be transferred to other governmental libraries in the District of Columbia for use therein.
SEC. 60. That of any articles undisposed of as above provided, together with all titles and correspondence relating thereto, the Librarian of Congress and the register of copyrights jointly shall, at suitable intervals, determine what of these received during any period of years it is desirable or useful to preserve in the permanent files of the copyright office, and, after due notice as hereinafter provided, may within their discretion cause the remaining articles and other things to be destroyed : Provided, That there shall be printed in the Catalogue of Copyright Entries from February to November, inclusive, a statement of the years of receipt of such articles and a notice to permit any author, copyright proprietor, or other lawful claimant to claim and remove before the expiration of the month of December of that year anything found which relates to any of his productions deposited or registered for copyright within the period of years stated, not reserved or disposed of as provided for in this Act : And provided further, That
anuscript of unpublished work shall be destroyed during its term of copyright without specific notice the copyright proprietor of record, per
mitting him to claim and
it. Sec. 61. That the register of copyrights shall receive, and the persons to whom the services designated are rendered shall pay, the following fees : For the registration of any work subject to copyright, deposited under the provisions of this Act, one dollar, which sum is to include a certificate of registration under seal : Provided. That in the case of photographs the fee shall be fifty cents where a certificate is not demanded. For every additional certificate of registration made, fifty cents. For recording and certifying any instrument of writing for the assignment of copyright, or any such license specified in section one, subsection (e), or for any copy of such assignment or license, duly certified, if not over three hundred words in length, one dollar ; if more than three hundred and less than one thousand words in length, two dollars ; if more than one thousand words in length, one dollar additional for each one thousand words or fraction thereof over three hundred words. For recording the notice of user quiescence specified in section one, subsection (e), twenty-five cents for each notice if not over fifty words, and an additional twenty-five cents for each additional one hundred words. For comparing any copy of an assignment with the record of such document in the copyright office and certifying the same under seal, one dollar. cording the extension or renewal of copyright provided for in sections twenty-three and twenty-four of this Act, fifty cents. For recording the transfer of the proprietorship of copyrighted articles, ten cents for each title of a book or other article, in addition to the fee prescribed for recording the instrument of assignment. For any requested search of copyright office records, indexes, or deposits, fifty cents for each full hour of time consumed in making such search : Provided, That only one registration at one fee shall be required in the case of several volumes of the same book deposited at the same time.
SEC. 62. That in the interpretation and construction of this Act "the date of publi
cation” shall in the case of a work of which copies are reproduced for sale or distribution be held to be the earliest date when copies of the first authorized edition were placed on sale, sold, or publicly distributed by the proprietor of the copyright or under his authority, and the word "author" shall include an employer in the case of works made for hire.
Sec. 63. That all laws or parts of laws in conflict with the provisions of this Act are
hereby repealed, but nothing in this Act shall affect causes of action for iníringement of copyright heretofore committed now pending in courts of the United States, or which may hereafter be instituted ; but such causes shall be prosecuted to a conclusion in the manner heretofore provided by law.
SEC. 64. That this Act shall go into effect on the first day of July, nineteen hundred and nine.
Approved Varch 4, 1909.
WRITING CORRECTED --IV.
The vulgar speaker uses adjectives instead of adverbs, and says : “ This letter is written shocking"; the genteel speaker uses adverbs instead of adjectives, and says : This writing looks shockingly." A grammatical play upon
the word THAT: “Now that is a word which may often be joined,
For that that may be doubled is clear to the mind And that that that is right, is as plain to the view As that that that that we use is rightly used, too ; And that that that that that line has in it, is right -In accordance with grammar, is plain in our sight.”
“ One of those houses were sold last week," Each of the daughters are to have a separate share," "Every tree in those plantations have been injured by the storm,” “ Either of the children are at liberty to claim it." Here it will be perceived that the pronouns
one," " each," "every,” “either," are the true nominatives to the verbs ; but the intervening noun in the plural number, in each sentence, deludes the ear; and the speaker, without refiection, renders the verb in the plural instead of the singular number.
“ He left his horse, and got on to a stagecoach," He jumped on to the floor," “ She laid it on to a dish," "I threw it on to the fire." Why use two prepositions where one
would be quite as explicit, and far more elegant ?
* It is above a month since,” should be, It is more than a month since. * Vegetables
plenty," should be, Vegetables were plentiful.
“Every lancer and every rifleman were at their post”; say, was at his post.
Between is properly applied only to two objects ; among, to three or more. “A father divided a portion of his property between his two sons ; the rest he distributed among the poor.”
“Every leaf, every twig, every blade, every drop of water teem with life”; say, teems.
“ Dr. Prideaux used to relate that when he brought the manuscript of his ‘Connection of the Old and the New Testaments' to the publisher, he told him it was a dry subject, and that the printing could not be safely ventured upon unless he could enliven the work with a little humor.” The sense alone, and not the sentence, indicates to whom he and him respectively refer ; such a form of expression is faulty, because it may lead to a violation of perspicuity, which is one of the most essential qualities of a good style. NEW YORK, N. Y.
Almost all writers have had an opportunity to observe the courtesy of editorial rejection slips. A good example of the extremely courteous in public correspondence was the notice sent to Charles James Fox that he was no longer a member of the government of George the Third. It read thus : “ His Gracious Majesty has been pleased to issue a new commission, in which your name does not appear.”
THE WRITER is published the first day of every month. It will be sent, postpaid, ONE Year for One DOLLAR.
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A New York editor recently received this letter :
“ With reference to the enclosed specimens, I am writing with literary wares to offer you. It is cug. tomary, I believe, to submit articles on approval, first to one prospective customer and then another till they are finally accepted, refused, or lost in transit to and fro. That is a slow method, and to my mind not very businesslike.
“ Hence I am submitting samples in the first in. stance of the sort of thing I can supply – a limited but regular supply. There is already a small stock on hand varying in length and character. Possibly you may like the style and not the matter, or vice versa, in which case I shall be pleased to receive such particulars as will guide me in filling your requirements.
“ When you have examined the enclosed specimens I shall appreciate hearing if you can favor me with an order. Terms subject to arrangement."
To the would-be contributor, no doubt, the arrangement he suggests seems sensible and businesslike. If the supply of manuscripts did not exceed, or equal, the demand, the
Reading the society news of the opera in the Boston Herald as follows : “Mrs. Dana