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Taste and smell “of," when used transi- very essence of his style that you rebel. tively.

“He has commentators,” said Voltaire of More than you think “ for," for more than Dante, “which is one reason why nobody

ever reads him.” The witty saying is not “ These” kind, for “this” kind.

valid, of course, where the Italian poet is “ Nicely," in response to an inquiry. concerned, but it embodies an idea of which “ Healthy,” for “wholesome.”

the modern writer would do well to take acJust “as soon," for just “as lief.”

count. Mr. Harrison himself, we dare say, “ Kind of,” to indicate a moderate degree. makes no difficulty about reading his Dante

How a Story Started. The chance origin with a commentary and struggling manfully of a popular story is amusingly illustrated with the obscurer passages. But he might in the case of Mrs. Montgomery's “Anne of do this and still, without any inconsistency, Green Gables.” The author was asked to maintain the position he has announced. — contribute a short serial for young readers New York Tribune. to Sunday school weekly. Looking How “The Wizard of Oz" Was Written. through an old notebook for an idea, she “ It is quite true that some playwrights have came upon the following : “Elderly couple success thrust upon them,” said L. Frank decide to adopt a boy from an orphan Baum, the fairy tale author, whose extravaasylum. By mistake a girl is sent them." ganza, “ The Wizard of Oz," is now in its Forthwith she proceeded to block out her eighth year, and boasts the longest successserial, but as she went on it grew so that ful run in its class of entertainment. she decided to expand it far beyond the “The thought of making my fairy tale into limits set by the editor of the Sunday school a play had never even occurred to me, when publication. For him she wrote another one evening my doorbell rang, and I found a tale, then starting to tell the story of spectacled young man standing on the mat. " Anne" for its own sake.

Mr. Baum ?' he inquired. Clarity in Poetry. - Frederic Harrison has “Yes,' I said, “what can I do for you ?! been fluttering the dove cotes with some ob- “I want to write the music for your servations on poetry.

“For my part,” he opera of “ The Wizard of Oz," ' he answered. has said, “I have no taste for conundrums, “There's a mistake,' I said somewhat rhymed or unrhymed. I will read no poetry stiftly, ““ The Wizard of Oz" is a book.' that does not tell me a plain tale in honest

“ “ But it ought to be a play - an opera words, with easy rhythm and pure music.” or extravaganza or something — and I ought Whereupon he is praised by some writers to write the music,' he insisted. for his common sense, and gravely reminded “ The young man interested me then. by others that “in the masters there are "Come in,' said I more cordially, and he passages that do not give their ultimate walked into the hallway. meaning at a first careless reading, and that “* Have you ever written the score for an even in our own time there may be a kind opera ?' I inquired. of obscurity that may be described as neces

No,' said he, shiiting on his feet unsary." Neither of these arguments is pre- easily, “but I' cisely to the point. That obscurity of any

I thought not. I'm afraid kind may be a necessity is surely a large as

that sumption, calling for proofs which have not, "'Did you ever write a libretto ?' he inas yet, been anywhere supplied. Then as to terrupted. the existence of knotty passages” in this

"N - no.

But I or that master, it may be said that it leaves "Ah, I thought not. But there's no reathe broad justice of Mr. Harrison's conten- son why you can't or why I can't write the tion untouched. You do not indict a poet music,' he suggested easily. because of one obscure passage or because "• Take off your coat,' said I, and come of twenty. It is when obscurity is of the into the library. Your name is ?'

Ah,

may be made exclamatory, as, Oh, how beautiful this, sunset is !” O” is frequently found in literature where oh" would be preferable. — American Journal Educator.

LITERARY ARTICLES IN PERIODICALS.

name

(For the convenience of readers THE WRITER will send a copy of any magazine mentioned in the fol. lowing reference list on receipt of the amount given in parenthesis following the

the amount being in each case the price of the periodical with three cents postage added. Unless a price is given, the periodical must be ordered from the publication office. Readers who send to the publishers of the periodicals indexed for copies containing the articles mentioned in the list will confer a favor if they will mention The WRITER when they write. ]

was

“ Tietjens. Paul Tietjens. I've come from St. Louis to do this work with you,' he explained.

“I thought it over for a moment. The idea seemed good, and I wondered I had never thought of it myself. Doubtless I could dramatize my book if I set about it, and the extravaganza suggestion caught my fancy at once. But my visitor was wholly unknown to me, and I hazarded a question as to his musical accomplishments. For answer he sat down at the piano and began to play. It was a minuet, a delicate, dreamy morceau, so dainty in conception, so rippling with melody that I drew a long breath when the last sweet notes died away. It afterward the famous ‘Poppy Chorus in * The Wizard of Oz.'- New York Herald. Origin of Punctuation. — Punctuation

by means of stops and points is ascribed to Aristophanes, a grammarian of Alexandria, Egypt, who lived in the third century, B. C. Whatever his system may have been, it was subsequently neglected and forgotten, but was re-introduced by Charlemagne, the various stops and symbols being designed by Warnefried and Alcuin. The present system of punctuation was introduced in the latter part of the fifteenth century by Aldus Manutius, a Venetian printer, who invented our full stop, colon, semi-colon, comma, marks of interrogation and exclamation, parenthesis and dash, hyphen, apostrophe and quotation marks. – New York World.

Use and Punctuation of “Ö” and “Oh.” O and “oh” should be distinguished. O” is used before a noun or pronoun denoting the person spoken to, and is not directly followed by any mark of punctuation ; “oh” is an interjection denoting pleasure, pain, surprise, or fear; as :

When, O my countrymen, will you resent this treachery ?”

“Oh, what a fearful plunge !”

“O” is the interjection used with a noun in direct address. The point of exclamation always follows the whole expression ; as, “To Thee, O God !” “Oh!” is used in the expression of joy, pain, and other emotions, and the point may follow it, as, “ Oh ! I have hurt my finger." Or the whole expression

12

ARCHAIC Speech OF THE UNEDUCATED. Thomas R. Lounsbury. Harper's Magazine ( 38 c.) for February.

Pericles. Illustrated. Theodore Watts-Dunton. Harper's Magazine ( 38 c. ) Por February,

THE SHORT STORY. Editor's Study, Harper's Magacine ( 38 c. ) for February.

THE PHILOSOPHY OF BERNARD SHAW. Archibald Henderson. Atlantic ( 38 c. ) for February.

WHERE THE FAERIE QUEENE WAS WRITTEN. Alice Meynell. Atlantic ( 38 c. ) for February.

ARTHUR UPSON. With portrait. Putnam's Magazine ( 28 c. ) for February.

MY STORY. VI. · Rossetti's Last Days. Hall Caine. Appleton's Magazine ( 18 c.) for February.

“IK MARVEL,” MAN AND WRITER. With portrait. Joseph B. Gilder. American Monthly Review of Reviews ( 28 c.) for February.

MAJOR ORLANDO JAY SMITH. With portrait. Albert Shaw. American Monthly Review of Reviews ( 28 c. ) for February.

FRENCH POETRY AND ENGLISH READERS. Brander Matthews. Forum for February.

LINCOLN'S ENGLISH. Montgomery Schuyler. Forum for February.

DRAMATIC LITERATURE AND THEATRIC JOURNALISM. Clayton Hamilton. Forum for February.

The Hack AND His PITTANCE. John Walcott. Bookman ( 28 c. ) for February.

LOUISE CHANDLER MOULTON AND HER LONDON FRIENDSHIPS. • Jessie B. Rittenhouse, Bookman ( 28 c. ) for February.

WHY ENGLISH Does Not SIMPLIFY HER SPELLING. Max Eastman. North American Review ( 38 c. ) for February

THE Love LETTERS OF GEORGE SAND AND ALFRED DE Musset. - III. Illustrated. Metropolitan ( 18 c. ) for February.

PoE, THE WEIRD GENIUS. Elisabeth E. Poe. Cos. mopolitan for February. MAURICE MAETERLINCK

His HOME AT ST. WANDRILLE. Alvan F. Sanborn. Munsey's for Feb. ruary

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How I WROTE MY GREATEST PLAY (" The Witch- Richard Walton Tully, who, in company ing Hour"). With portrait.

Augustus Thomas.

with David Belasco, wrote “The Rose of the Delineator ( 18 c.) for February. CELEBRITIES AT HOME. Arthur Brisbane. Illus

Rancho," and his wife, Eleanor Gates Tully, trated. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) or January 9.

author of "The Autobiography of a Prairie EDGAR ALLAN POE. Illustrated. W. D. Howells. Girl” and “The Plow-woman," have bought Harper's Weekly ( 13 c. ) for January 16.

a ranch near Alma, Calif., in the Santa Cruz A Few WORDS ON A Master MECHANICIAN ( Edgar Allan Poe ). Edith M. Thomas. Harper's Weekly

mountains, and are engaged in the raising of ( 13 c. ) for January 16.

horses from pure-bred Arab stock. EDGAR ALLAN POE. Illustrated. Collier's ( 13 c. )

Miss Miriam Michelson, author of the for January 16.

successful novel, “In the Bishop's Carriage," PoE : A PIONEER OF Poetry. With portrait. Wirt W. Barnitz. Christian Endeavor World for January 14. and a sister of Professor Michelson, of the WILLIAM HAYES WARD EDITOR AND SCHOLAR.

University of Chicago, who, because of his Howard Allen Bridgman. Congregationalist ( 13 c.)

brilliant discoveries in physics, was recently for January 16.

Poe and the Poets of His Time. A. W. Jackson, awarded the Nobel prize, is associate editor D. D. Christian Register ( 9 c. ) for January 28. of the Liberator, the new weekly published at

San Francisco by the Citizens League of

Justice as propaganda for stimulation of NEWS AND NOTES.

public sentiment and the informing of the

public mind in the warfare against business George Du Maurier made an unexpected and political graft in progress in San Franfortune from “ Trilby.” Now his son, Major cisco. Guy Du Maurier, has produced the play, George E. Woodberry has re-written his

An Englishman's Home,” which is Eng- life of Edgar Allan Poe, published twenty land's greatest theatrical success for years. years ago, and the result is a two-volume

Jack London is ill in Sydney, and has given centenary biography, which is practically a up the idea of continuing his journey around new work, and which Houghton Mifflin Comthe world in his yacht, the Snark. Mr. Lon- pany will publish at the end of next month. don planned that it would take him five years The “ Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay," or more to sail the Snark about the globe. by his nephew, Sir George Otto Trevelyan, He left Oakland Creek a year ago last April, published first in 1876, will now be issued by and consequently has spent eighteen months

the Harpers in this country in an edition on the first portion of the journey.

made to include Macaulay's own “MarMyrtle Reed is spending the winter travel- ginalia.” This additional material first aping for her health with her husband, James peared in a separate volume, and recently S. McCulloch. In spite of her travels, how- was incorporated into the English edition, ever, Mrs. Reed is busy on a new novel but has not before been published in America which her publishers, the Putnams, expect to

under one cover with the biography. It receive punctually on April 2, the date of comprises the vigorous notes and comments George Haven Putnam's birthday. For the made by Macaulay on the margins of his last nine or ten years Mrs. Reed has cele- books - illuminating criticisms

past brated this particular day by making it the writers of antiquity and modern times, and occasion for sending in her latest novel, some characteristic reminiscences. beautifully typewritten, as a special token of

The sketch of William Morris by Alfred remembrance to her publishers. During this Noyes brought out by the Macmillan Comtime they have sold more than 500,000 copies pany in the English Men of Letters series of her books.

aims to present Morris in the light of a charD. Appleton & Co. have published in book acter study, and in so doing it is interesting form Hall Caine's autobiography, which has to note that it is chiefly in an analysis of his been running serially in Appleton's Magazine poetry that Mr. Noyes endeavors to set "the under the title of “ My Story."

essential man" before his readers.

on

Louis Becke's new novel is said to be T. C. McClure has retired from the active largely autobiographical. It describes, of management of the McClure Newspaper course, adventures in the islands of the Pa- · Syndicate. He is succeeded by R. B. Mccific. Its thinly-veiled title is : “The Adven- Clure, who for a number of years has been tures of Louis Blake."

associated with him in the management of Lewis Melville is preparing a biography of

the business. William Beckford, the author of “Vathek." The Uncle Remus Memorial Association Beckford's letters and papers are in the pos- asks for funds for the purpose of erecting a session of his descendants, who have agreed suitable memorial to the late Joel Chandler to let Mr. Melville examine them.

Harris. The association proposes to buy G. P. Putnam's Sons announce A Manual

Mr. Harris's old home, the “ Snap Bean of American Literature," edited by Theodore

Farm,” together with his house, “ The Sign Stanton, M. A. (Cornell), in collaboration of the Wren's Nest,” converting the lawn in

front of the house into a park, wherein it is with members of the faculty of Cornell Uni

proposed to erect a statue of the author and versity.

a memorial fountain, “with frieze containing Arthur T. Vance, for many years editor of

all of the Uncle Remus' animals." Colonel the Woman's Home Companion, is now

R. J. Lowry, of the Lowry National bank, editor-in-chief of the Pictorial Review, New

Atlanta, Ga., is the treasurer of the associaYork.

tion. In the first number of La Follette's Weekly

Whatever the merit of Marie Corelli's Vagazine, issued at Madison, Wis., January

books may be, she must have a larger steady 9, by Senator Robert La Follette, the fiction

income from her writing than any other Engdepartment is represented by a strong story

lish author if it is true, as stated, that she has of newspaper life by W. J. Neidig, a Stan

earned $60,000 a year for the last eighteen ford University man. J. Herbert Quick is

years. associate editor of the publication.

That literary labor is not quite at the The Story-Press Corporation, Chicago, pauper level in Germany appears from the publisher of the Blue Book Magazine, has fact that a prize of 30,000 marks, or $7,500, begun the publication of another magazine, has been awarded by a family paper for the called the Green-Book Album, devoted to best novel submitted in competition. For the more entertaining aspect of the stage. his latest novel, “ Das Hohe Lied," Suder

The Chicago Madrigal Club again offers a mann is said to have received 60,000 marks, prize of $50 for an original poem which shall or $15,000. The German press argues on the be used in its musical competition of 1909.

basis of “such very large amounts ” against Full details of the contest may be obtained

the common belief that the drama pays betfrom D. A. Clippinger, 410 Kimball Hall, ter than fiction. Chicago.

The Sunday School Times of January 2 Prizes to the amount of $15,000 are an

a Golden Jubilee number, celebrating nounced by the Woman's Home Journal,

fifty years of publication. Springfield, Mass., for long and short stories, Mary Evelyn Moore Davis died in New poems, and anecdotes.

Orleans January 1, aged fifty-seven.

Arthur William A'Beckett died in London The Hunter-Trader-Trapper, Columbus, O., a magazine devoted to hunting, trading,

January 14, aged sixty-five. trapping, and outdoor life, wishes to publish

Hezba Stretton died in London January 21. some continued stories, dealing with the sub- She wrote first for Charles Dickens in 1859. jects mentioned. The editor says, also, that Rev. Dr. Selah Merrill died at Fruitvale, he will consider some good short manu- Calif., January 22, aged seventy-one. scripts, of from 1,500 to 4,000 words, and Martha Finley (“Martha Farquharson") that accepted manuscripts will be paid for at died at Elkton, Md., January 30, aged eightyonce and others returned.

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A MONTHLY MAGAZINE TO INTEREST AND HELP ALL LITERARY WORKERS.

Vol. XXI.

BOSTON, MARCH, 1909.

No. 3

ENTERED AT THE BOSTON POST-OFFICE AS SECOND-CLASS MAIL MATTER.

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CONTENTS :

PAGE COMMON ERRORS IN WRITING CORRECTED. II. Walton Burgess

33 FORMS OF THOUGHT. F. A. Myers

35 EDITORIAL

38 Real Verit of the “ Elsie ” Books, 38 – Fine

Writing “NEWSPAPER ENGLISH " EDITED

39 QUERIES

39 How TO WRITE TRIOLETS

39 WRITERS OF THE DAY

40 Mary Barrett Howard, 40 — Robert C. McElravy, 40 - Florida Pier, 40 — R. C. Pitzer, 40 – F. Roney Weir

41 PERSONAL Gossip ABOUT AUTHORS

41 Hall Caine, 41 – Gabriele D'Annunzio, 42 — Katharine S. Macquoid, 43 - Edmund C. Stedman

43 CURRENT LITERARY Topics

44 What Is Poetry ? 44 — Writing for Writing's Sake, 44 — Writing as a Profession, 45 - Pretentious Writing, 45 — - Getting a Good Literary Style, 45 - English as She Is Wrote,

46 – Financial Beginnings of Authors LITERARY ARTICLES IN PERIODICALS NEWS AND NOTES

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The following expression would be of special significance coming from surgeon or anatomist : “Desiring to

know your friend better, I took him apart to converse with him.” It has been said that two persons who take each other apart, frequently do so for the express purpose of putting their heads together.

" He is seldom or ever out of town”; say, seldom or never, or, seldom if ever.

“ It is dangerous to walk of a slippery morning"; say, on a slippery morning. But the expression, “walking on a slippery morning,” and all others like it, of which a strictly literal interpretation will not give the designed signification, are to be avoided. They often excite a smile when seriousness is intended.

“ His reputation is acknowledged through Europe”; say, throughout Europe.

“ I doubt if this will ever reach you”; say, whether this, etc.

“ There were not over twenty persons present”; say, more than.

Bills are requested to be paid quarterly" ; the bills are not requested, but the persons who owe them. Say instead, It is requested that bills be paid quarterly.

“There can be no doubt but that he will succeed”; omit but.

“ It was no use asking him any more questions" ; say, of no use to ask him, or, there was no use in asking, etc.

“ He intends to stop at home for a few days ” ; say, stay.

Brutus and Aruns killed one another" ; say, each other.

Be very careful to distinguish between indite and indict ; principle and principal ; counsel and council ; counsellor and councillor ; draft and draught ; stationery and stationary ; let'y and levee ; foment and ferment; fomentation and fermentation ; diverse and divers; detice

COMMON ERRORS IN WRITING

CORRECTED. - II.

9

An injudicious disposition of a clause in a sentence frequently creates merriment in the reading In Goldsmith's “ History of England," a book remarkable for its carelessness of style, we find the following extraordinary sentence, in one of the chapters of the reign of Queen Elizabeth : “This” [a communication to Mary Queen of Scots ] “they effected by conveying their letters to her by means of a brewer that supplied the family with ale through a chink in the wall of her apartment."

An obituary notice contained the following ludicrous statement : “He leít a large circle of mourners, embracing his amiable wife and children !" Comprising should have been used, instead of embracing.

Copyright, 1909, by William H. Hills. All rights reserved.

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