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seas, and out of the pale of this direct and taste and common sense, and are taught to sensible influence, the fashion-plate becomes consider dress the all in all of life ? the oracle, and painful, both to the eye and Between the quaker no'style, and the last heart, are the sights its votaries make of them- fashion's too-much-style, there is surely a selves.

golden mean which a discriminating eye can Extravagance in fashions has existed in not fail to detect ; far from advocating abso. all times, and it is left to the wise to make a lute indifference in regard to becoming dresswise selection ; but whether the wise have ing, we should on the contrary wish to decreased in number in proportion as folly direct the young in the course of study that increased, or that the appreciation of form would open their minds to an appreciation and symmetry and proportion and harmony of what is truly beautiful. So long as we has degenerated, it is certain that society- must be clothed in some way or other, let male and female-has fallen very generally a us accord to dress all the importance it devictim to the prevailing passion for dress. serves. Why should it not through simThat the young and thoughtless, the light- plicity be made to approach somewhat the headed and light-hearted should devote a dignity of a fine art? Let the press take the portion of their existence to these irresistible matter in hand, let a few sturdy pens chalexigencies might be expected, but that the lenge the exaggerations of the too-fashionable, sober-minded women, good wives and good and convince mothers that their little ones mothers, should spend their better thoughts look best and sweetest in plain attire ; that and precious time upon such elegant non- their daughters' taste may, by a wholesome sense as we have mentioned, and that in dress-regimen, be so directed as to acquire a their infatuation they should, for the mere vigorous health, which will make them scorn gratification of maternal vanity, sow in their all these gingerbready, sugarplumy means of children's minds the seeds of frivolity, is producing effects, and resort to a more robust truly lamentable. This evil is not confined mode of enhancing their charms, by giving to metropolitan towns—the larger cities them their true character through an artistic can oppose culture to the invading enemy, correctness of forms, materials and colours. but in the villages, among country people, We boast of constant advance, why this increasing love of dress saps their best should not the modes of

ressing be suscepenergies, and the good old virtues of our tible of progress, instead of ever revolving, mothers, industry, modesty, simplicity, are as they do, within a circle of rampant monsuperseded by what is commonly termed pro- strosities? gress-frivolity and idleness cloaked under A higher education for the eye is wanted; education—if an arm-full of big books, and it does not see clearly enough the “ wedding a saucy face challenging public opinion from garment” of nature; not until it is more exunder its independent little hat, can be dig- ercised in that direction will it strike the key nified with such a name.

to the composition of a reasonable toilet. A well balanced mind will never fail to May some good genius remove the film modify in its own case any objectionable " which that false fruit, that promised clearer

“ style of dress. But how are we to get well- sight, hath bred,” and “purge, with euphrasy balanced minds—among women especially and rue, the visual nerve," and thus enable —if from their earliest years they become us to discern the beauty which nature offers familiarized with all sorts of violations of as a pattern for our vestures.

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She must smile with him still in his moments of sadness ;

She must cheer him when sorrows have darkened his sky, But hide in her bosom her own thoughts of sadness,

Lest trifles so trifling his temper should try.

She must stir not a step without his sage direction,

She must cheer him when storm clouds and trials are rife: So sinless, so stainless, the pink of perfection

There's nothing on earth like a bachelor's wife.

A NORTH AMERICAN ZOLLVEREIN.

BY CHARLES LINDSEY.

A

GAME of hostile tariffs has often ity to discuss. A people resolved to main

proved to be the indication of a tain its autonomy may well be excused if it state of incipient belligerency; and every declares that proposals which involve its honest attempt on the part of two nations, absorption in another and more powerful situated towards one another as are Canada state wound its just pride and rouse the reand the United States, to remove all injuri- sentment of its national susceptibilities. ous barriers to a free commercial intercourse, When that fact has been impressed on the is deserving of commendation.

The com

American mind, we may hope for a better mercial convention recently held at St. issue of negotiations looking to the formation Louis, though it may not entirely fulfil this of commercial treaties. condition, has not been without its uses ; The National Board of Trade, which met and we hope, at some future day, to see the at St. Louis in the early part of December, invitation under which the Canadian dele- is composed of the active members of local gates went to St. Louis reciprocated, and Boards of Trade throughout the Union. the representatives of United States' com- Further than that, it has no official characmerce discussing amongst us the mutual ter ; and has no other power than that commercial interests of the two countries. which is derived from the influence of the By this means, some prevalent illusions may interests it represents and the force of opinbe dispelled, and a better understanding be ion to which it gives expression. The come to. Perhaps on our side, certainly on Canadian delegates, who were present, octhe other, this convention showed the exist- cupy a like position in their own country. ence of grave misconceptions, which only a Montreal sent Hon. John Young, Mr. John frank explanation can remove. There was McLennan, Mr. Rimmer, and Mr. Patterson; imported into the discussion a political ele- Toronto—Mr. Wm. Howland; Kingstonment, so frankly self-deceiving as to express Mr. Carruthers; Hamilton-Mr. Watson ; itself in something more than an occasional and St. John, N.B.—Mr. Fairweather. It is aside and a half-suppressed under-tone. If a singular circumstance that Mr. Young, we are to enter into any candid discussion whose age and experience pointed him out of the international commercial position, as President of the Canadian delegation, with the hope of succeeding, this objection- can in no way be regarded as a representaable element must be entirely eliminated. tive of the views of the people among whom Had the question of the trade relations be- he lives when he appears, as he did at St. tween the two countries been entered on in Louis, in the character of an advocate of a a way that would not involve political en- Zollverein to embrace Canada and the tanglements, we might have felt it our duty United States. The four resolutions offered to carry their discussion to a greater length by the executive committee of the Board than will, under the actual circumstances, be had his unqualified support; and it has been necessary or desirable. There are proposi- said that they were probably introduced at tions which, on the one side, it would be an his suggestion, They are in these terms :affront to offer, and on the other pusillanim- 1. The introduction of all the manufactures and

trade.

products of the United States into the Dominion of Mr. Larned's utterances have in some sort Canada free of import duty, and the like concession

an official character; since he is acting by the United States to the manufactures and pro- under authority of Congress, and his report ducts of the Dominion.

was prepared for the information of the Se"2. Uniform laws to be passed by both countries

The executive for the imposition of duties on imports, and for in- cretary of the Treasury. ternal taxation ; the sums collected from these committee of the National Board take up sources to be placed in a common treasury, and to the threads of the Zollverein proposal where be divided between the two governments by a per | Mr. Larned laid them down. When they capita or some other equally fair ratio.

have woven them into the texture of formal “ 3. The admission of Dominion built ships and resolutions, Mr. Fraley, President of the vessels to American registry, enrolment and license, and to all privileges of the coasting and foreign National Board of Trade, expresses the hope

that the resulting discussion will lead ulti“4. The Dominion to enlarge its canals and im- mately to the political union of the two prove the navigation of the St. Lawrence, and to aid countries. There was much reason to bein the building of any great lines of international lieve that the object of the resolutions was railroard, and to place the citizens of the United States in the same position as to the use of such

more political than commercial. works, as enjoyed by the citizens of the Dominion ;

From the first, Mr. Young, as we have the United States and the several States giving the stated, was in favour of the proposed Zollcitizens of the Dominion the same rights and privi. verein ; and if it be true that it was brought leges over works of the same character in the United forward in consequence of the countenance States."

given to it by him, the executive committee At a previous conference, in Boston, these of the National Board of Trade can at least propositions had been verbally submitted plead that they had some warrant for what by the Council to the Dominion delegates, they did. But as only one other of the and were reported at St. Louis, “ for the in- Canadian delegates showed the least leaning formation of the Board.” But the idea they towards it, they must have become convincembody did not originate there. Of that ed that Mr. Young did not, in this matter, we trace the paternity to Mr. Larned, whom truly represent the national sentiment of the Congress, by a joint resolution, appointed Dominion. It is true the resolutions were in June, 1870, " to enquire into the extent at last unanimously adopted, but not without

, and state of the trade between the United the accompaniment of qualifying expresStates and the several dependencies of Great sions which rendered them harmless. The Britain in North America.” Mr. Larned executive committee was directed to mepresents a Zollverein as the alternative of morialize Congress “ to provide by law for annexation; and professes to regard it as the appointment of a Commission to meet equivalent to Canadian Independence. In commissioners from the Dominion of Canawhat sense a nation could be said to preserve | da (should the Government of the Dominion its independence, while surrendering its appoint a like Commission,) to negotiate a freedom and convictions to an antagonistic basis of a treaty between Great Britain and commercial policy, we cannot understand. the United States, for commercial relations He admits and defends the unwillingness of between the Dominion of Canada, on the the United States to make liberal commer- principles of the proposed Zollverein or some cial arrangements with this country so long other broad and comprehensive principles.” as the tie to England remains unsevered ; The latitude given by these words practiand he bids us choose between that alliance cally authorizes the conclusion of a treaty and a “commercial and industrial associa on comprehensive principles, without any tion in interest with the United States.” | restriction to a scheme of Customs union. It

has been stated that Mr. Fraley was not the national sentiment of Canada. The brought to assent to this modification with- average American thinks himself and his out some difficulty.

nation politically blessed beyond other After the adoption of the modified propo- men and other nations ; and he is very apt sition, Mr. Young contented himself with to think he compliments you when he asks thanking the National Board for what it had you to haul down your flag and take shelter done, and expressing an opinion that its under his. On this ground, we acquit the action would prove entirely satisfactory. He National Board of Trade of all intention to could not speak for the delegation over give offence; and we only ask that they will which he presided, in favour of a Zollverein ; not forget the admonition of Mr. Howland for that would have been to misrepresent on the occasion of any future meeting. their views. But if nothing had been added After this explanation, we might almost to his statement, it might have been assumed abstain from any discussion of the four that such sanction had been given. In this points of the proposed international charter. emergency, Mr. Wm. Howland felt it his The proposal of point number one is nothduty to put the matter in a light which would ing less than that Canada shall form a cusprevent any misapprehension. And here toms union with the United States and we cannot do better than quote from the against all the rest of the world.

It is easy Montreal Gazette, the statements made by to see that this common tariff would have the observing editor whose presence at the to be framed on a scale that would be adaptconvention enabled him the better to ap

ed to the necessities of the United States. preciate the situation :

Mr. Larned states the average existing tariff

of the United States to be forty per cent., " Mr. Howland is a representative man of a party and that of Canada twenty-three or twentyof young men who are growing up in this country, particularly in Ontario, with patriotic impulses, with

four ; but he is candid enough not to be

: an earnest love of Canada, their home, and with a positive that the divergence is not greater, watchword, · Canada for the Canadians,' or as one as we believe it could be shown to be. But of them more aptly expressed it in a lecture recently if we take the figures, as he gives them, delivered, ' Canada first,' which is certain to have

without questioning their correctness, it is its influence upon the public mind. Some of them

inged with independence notions ; but the plain that one or both countries must, in great majority of them are wise enough to see that case of a Zollverein, accept a very different neither the people nor the country are ready for any tariff. And there need be no doubt as to such movement. But they all recognize the import- where the principal change would be.

The ance of a national—a Canadian feeling, in the United States are obliged to submit to a Dominion, and are working zealously for its cultivation. It is from such men as these, men from whom tariff that would be intolerable to us; and some Americans are so unfortunate as to expect com- there are powerful manufacturing rings, fort and assistance in the work of maturing the poli- omnipotent with the lobby, who, apart from tical union of the North American Continent, that the fiscal necessities, will that this should the sentiments uttered by Mr. Howland come with especial force. “You Americans are proud of your tariff upon Canada as against all other na

be so. The imposition of the United States name, and would not lightly change it or sink it in another,' said Mr. Howland ; 'give us Ca

tions—for that is what it would come to nadians credit for equal pride, and for an equal de- practically—would create

artificial sire to maintain our distinctive name and our inde- state of things wholly opposed to our interpendent nationality.”

ests and convictions. Practically shut out This short reply, courteous and going from all other markets than the United directly to the point, contains the gist of the States, for a large number of things which whole matter ; and is a fair expression of we now obtain elsewhere, we should find

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