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lasts, but will always remain in the community ; because without this there can be no community, no commonwealth, which is contrary to the original agreement: so also when the society hath placed the legislative in any assembly of men, to continue in them and their successors, with direction and authority for providing such successors, the legislative can never revert to the people whilst that government lasts ; because, having provided a legislative with power to continue for ever, they have given up their political power to the legislative, and cannot resume it. But if they have set dimits to the duration of their legislative, and made this supreme power in any person, or assembly, only temporary; or else, when by the miscarriages of those in authority, it is forfeited; upon the forfeiture, or at the determination of the time set, it reverts to the society, and the people have a right to act as supreme, and continue the legislative in themselves; or erect a new form, or under the old form place it in new hands, as they think good,

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A )

BRAHAM, (the patriarch)

his war proves not a sove-
reign power,

had no authority over

Absolute monarchy, being “jure
divino,” a new doctrine, 214

not proved divine from
Adam's sovereignty by creation,
222-nor from his sovereignty
by donation,

how destructive it is to


the Turks, 452
Eve's subjection proves
it not to be “jure divino,"244-
nor Adam's fatherhood, 249, &c.

it is not proved divine
by the command, Honour thy

it flows not from father.
hood annd property, 267, &c.

supposing “ jure divi.
no,” it is necessary to know the
person invested with it, 275, &c,

Absolute monarchy, the absurdity

of supposing it to descend from
Adam by heirship, 290

no proof of it from Ja.
cob, or other patriarchs, 297,
&c.—nor from Noah's sons, 317

nor from the dispersion
of Babel

not enjoyed by them,

321, 322
Nimrod had no right to

the dukes of Edom, and
several kings mentioned in scrip-
ture, proofs against it, 325

inconsistent with civil

why the subjects of it are
kept from destroying one an-

how it came to be re-
strained by laws,

Adam, no proof of his absolute
power over his children, 218-220

had no absolute authority by


391, &c.

257, &c.

li 4

227, &c.

all men,




Adam had no absolute authority by Clipped money, the charge of re. God's appointment,

coiriing it should not be bome the grant (Gen.i. 28.) gave by the public,

201 him no power over men,

228 Coin. Vid. Money, the same grant was given to Coinage, paid for, by a tax on

2 33

wine, 90. Costs nothing to the --- supposing he was proprietor owner, ibid. 105.-Makes not

of all things, this proves not his standard silver worth less than sovereignty,


before, his absolute dominion not

the charge of it computproved by Eve's subjection, 244 ed,

124 of the conveyance of his sup

ascertains the quantity of posed monarchical power, 273

silver, by a public mark, 143the absurdity of supposing and so is a security to the re. anyone heir of his autho- ceiver,

144 rity,


the art of it should be - the difficulties of discovering kept secret,

203 the true heir, 292, 302, &c.

Commodities, the goodness of them Arbitrary government, worse than does not always increase their none,

420 price no right to it from con

the consumption of them quest,

443 enhances their value, ibid, Authority (political) not required

how the vending of them in the fifth commandment, 261, is increased,

43 Vid. Political Porver,

Commonwealth, how men

under the government of it, and B, how far,

409, 414

the end of it is the preVid. servation of property,

412 Trade.

the several forms of it, Bills of exchange, the only use of them,

how the word is used by Birth-right, dominion does not na. the author,

416 turally belong to it, 302, &c.

its highest power cannot Bullion. Vid. Silver.

be absolutely arbitrary, 417 Buyers, plenty of them make things

most be governed by dear, 39 standing laws,


three kinds of power C. therein,


the subordination of its HILDREN not born in a full


426 state of equality, 368 Community, how the supreme pow. yet they are born to

er is ultimately therein, 426 it,

369 Conjugal society, how made, 383 when they come to be the cause of its long con, free,

371 tinuance in mankind, 384 how they are said to be Conquest gives not right of governborn free,

372 ing to the aggressor, 443 Civil society. Vid. Political society,

if anjast, the conquered Clipped money should pass only for

may appeal to Heaven for jusits weight, 196m-the great mis- tice,

444 chief ofits passing otherwise, 399

Conquest, &c, made governors by the right of

BALANCE of trade.




over their estates,


E le altered by several things,

340, &c.


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Conquest, when just, it gives an Filmer, (Sir R.) his reasons against absolute power over the lives of

native freedom considered, 215 the conquered,


his notions of fatherly au. - yet not over


217 and why,

447, 448

he affirms kings to be above Corn, the price of it depends on its law,

ibid. plenty,

his strange interpretation E. of scripture,

223 sufficiently confutes his own schemes,

270, 271 says, it matters not how

kings come by their power, 274 Esay, his forces proved him not an makes an usurper have right heir to Adam's dominions, 314,

to govern,

ibid. 315 First-born, has no natural right, by Exchange (of money) in several being so, to dominion,

301 places, how regulated,

Force, when without authority, to when it is high or low, 149 be opposed with force, 443, 444 &c.--the reasons of both, ibid. - promises extorted by it, not


451 F.

Free, men are naturally so, 213, 339

Freedom, (natural) men not de"ATHERS, Filmer's account prived of, without their own conof their authority, 225, 226 sent,

420 have not an absolute power

how men subject themselves over their children, 263 to any government, 409, 414

give not life to their chil. dren,


G, seldom intend to commu." nicate life, and sometimes wish the contrary,

252 have no power to expose God speaks in scripture so as to be their children,


245, 246 some fathers have fattened

Gold, altering its value by a law and eat their children, 254 in proportion to silver, tends to

have not power to sacrifice impoverish a nation, 98, &c. their offspring,

256 not the measure of commerce their authority cannot be as silver is,

151 transferred more than that of a why it should, notwithstand. husband,

286 ing this, he coined, ibid. their power may be for- the proportion between it and feited, but not alienated, 287 silver,

193 how they in time became Government cannot naturally deprinces,


scend by hereditary right, 275, Fatherhood, Moses and Joshua not

how it differs from proit,


283 the judges and kings of

that which gives right to Israel ruled not by this title, 331 it, in the present possessor, must Filmer, (Sir Robert) a breviate of give it to the successor, 284, &c. his system of government, 215

it is absoluteiy necessary asserts that none are born to know who has the right to free, ibid. it,

275 Government,

GAMESTERS injurions to the

28, 29


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