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ten per centum per annum upon the amount by which such total net income exceeds $500,000 and does not exceed $1,000,000,
eleven per centum per annum upon the amount by which such total net income exceeds $1,000,000 and does not exceed $1,500,000,
twelve per centum per annum upon the amount by which such total net income exceeds $1,500,000 and does not exceed $2,000,000, and
thirteen per centum per annum upon the amount by which such total net income exceeds $2,000,000.
For the purpose of the additional tax there shall be included as income the income derived from dividends on the capital stock or from the net earnings of any corporation, joint-stock company or association, or insurance company, except that in the case of non-resident aliens such income derived from sources without the United States shall not be included.
fourteen per centum per annum upon the amount by which the total net income exceeds $60,000 and does not exceed $80,000,
eighteen per centum per annum upon the amount by which the total net income exceeds $80,000 and does not exceed $100,000,
twenty-two per centum per annum upon the amount by which the total net income exceeds $100,000 and does not exceed $150,000,
twenty-five per centum per annum upon the amount by which the total net income exceeds $150,000 and does not exceed $200,000,
All the provisions of this title relating to the normal tax on individuals, so far as they are applicable and are not inconsistent with this subdivision and section three, shall apply to the imposition, levy, assessment, and collection of the additional tax imposed under this subdivision.
(c) The foregoing normal and additional tax rates shall apply to the entire net income, except as herinafter provided, received by every taxable person in the calendar year nineteen hundred and sixteen and in each calendar year thereafter.
thirty per centum per annum upon the amount $200,000 to by which the total net income exceeds $200,000 and does not exceed $250,000,
thirty-four per centum per annum upon the $250,000 to amount by which the total net income exceeds $250,000 and does not exceed $300,000,
thirty-seven per centum per annum upon the $300,000 to amount by which the total net income exceeds $300,000 and does not exceed $500,000,
forty per centum per annum upon the amount $500,000 to by which the total net income exceeds $500,000 and does not exceed $750,000,
forty-five per centum per annum upon the $1,500,000 to amount by which the total net income exceeds $750,000 and does not exceed $1,000,000,
fifty per centum per annum upon the amount and over-50% by which the total net income exceeds $1,000,000.
2. Income, individual, definition of
Income of estates and trusts, taxable
"Sec. 2. (a) *That, subject only to such exemptions and deductions as are hereinafter allowed, the net income of a taxable person shall include gains, profits, and income, derived from salaries, wages, or compensation for personal service of whatever kind and in whatever form paid, or from professions, vocations, businesses, trade, commerce, or sales, or dealings in property, whether real or personal, growing out of the ownership or use of or interest in real or personal property, also from interest, rent, dividends, securities, or the transaction of any business carried on for gain or profit, or gains or profits and income derived from any source whatever."
(b) Income received by estates of deceased persons during the period of administration or settlement of the estate, shall be subject to the normal and additional tax and taxed to their estates, and also such income of estates or any kind of property held in trust, including such income accumulated in trust for the benefit of unborn or unascertained persons, or persons with contingent interests, and income held for future distribution under the terms of the will or trust shall be likewise taxed, the tax in each instance, except when the income is returned for the purpose of the tax by the beneficiary, to be assessed to the executor, administrator, or trustee, as the case may be: Provided, That where the income is to be distributed annually or regularly between existing heirs or legatees, or beneficiaries the rate of tax and method of computing the same shall be based in each case upon the amount of the individual share to be distributed.
Such trustees, executors, administrators, and other fiduciaries are hereby indemnified against the claims or demands of every beneficiary for all pay
*As amended October 3, 1917.
ments of taxes which they shall be required to make under the provisions of this title, and they shall have credit for the amount of such payments against the beneficiary or principal in any accounting which they make as such trustees or other fiduciaries.
(c) For the purpose of ascertaining the gain derived from the sale or other disposition of property, real, personal, or mixed, acquired before March first, nineteen hundred and thirteen, the fair market price or value of such property as of March first, nineteen hundred and thirteen, shall be the basis for determining the amount of such gain derived.
ADDITIONAL TAX INCLUDES UNDISTRIBUTED
Sec. 3. For the purpose of the additional tax, the taxable income of any individual shall include the share to which he would be entitled of the gains and profits, if divided or distributed, whether divided or distributed or not, of all corporations, joint-stock companies or associations, or insurance companies, however created or organized, formed or fraudulently availed of for the purpose of preventing the imposition of such tax through the medium of permitting such gains and profits to accumulate instead of being divided or distributed; and the fact that any such corporation, joint-stock company or association, or insurance company, is a mere holding company, or that the gains and profits are permitted to accumulate beyond the reasonable needs of the business, shall be prima facie evidence of a fraudulent purpose to escape such tax; but the fact that the gains and profits are in any case permitted to accumulate and become surplus shall not be construed as evidence of a purpose to escape the said tax in such case unless the Secretary of the Treasury shall certify that in his opinion such accumulation is unreasonable for the pur
Profit from sale
of property Mar. 1, 1913
acquired prior to
includes undistributed profits
Income not dis
tributed for purpose of evading
Individual income exempt from law
Proceeds of life insurance policies
Gifts and bequests
Interest on obligat ical subdivisions, etc.
Salaries of certain public officers and employees
poses of the business. When requested by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, or any district collector of internal revenue, such corporation, jointstock company or association, or insurance company shall forward to him a correct statement of such gains and profits and the names and addresses of the individuals or shareholders who would be entitled to the same if divided or distributed.
INCOME EXEMPT FROM LAW.
"Sec. 4. *The following income shall be exempt from the provisions of this title:
"The proceeds of life insurance policies paid to individual beneficiaries upon the death of the insured; the amount received by the insured, as a return of premium or premiums paid by him under life insurance, endowment, or annuity contracts, either during the term or at the maturity of the term mentioned in the contract or upon surrender of the contract; the value of property acquired by gift, bequest, devise, or descent (but the income from such property shall be included as income); interest upon the obligations of a State or any political subdivision thereof or upon the obligations of the United States (but, in the case of obligations of the United States issued after September first, nineteen hundred and seventeen, only if and to the extent provided in the act authorizing the issue thereof) or its possessions or securities issued under the provisions of the Federal Farm Loan Act of July seventeenth, nineteen hundred and sixteen; the compensation of the present President of the United States during the term for which he has been elected and the judges of the supreme and inferior courts of the United States now in office, and the compensation of all officers and employees of a State, or
*As amended October 3, 1917.