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Section 1.861-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863(a). Section 1.861-9 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863(a), 26 U.S.C. 864(e), 26 U.S.C. 865(i), and

26 U.S.C. 7701(f). Section 1.861-10(e) also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863(a), 26 U.S.C. 864(e), 26 U.S.C. 865(i) and

26 U.S.C. 7701(f). Section 1.861-11 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863(a), 26 U.S.C. 864(e), 26 U.S.C. 865(i), and

26 U.S.C. 7701(f). Section 1.861-14 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863(a), 26 U.S.C. 864(e), 26 U.S.C. 865(i), and

26 U.S.C. 7701(1). Sections 1.861-8T through 1.861-14T also

issued under 26 U.S.C. 863(a), 26 U.S.C.

864(e), 26 U.S.C. 865(i) and 26 U.S.C. 7701(f). Section 1.863-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863(a). Section 1.863–2 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863. Section 1.863-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863(a) and (b), and 26 U.S.C. 936( h). Section 1.863-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863. Section 1.863-6 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

863. Section 1.863-7 is issued under 26 U.S.C.

863(a). Section 1.864-5 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

7701(1). Section 1.864-8T also issued under 26 U.S.C.

864(d)(8). Section 1.865-1T also issued under 26 U.S.C.

865(1)(1). Section 1.865–2 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

865(j)(1). Section 1.865-2T also issued under 26 U.S.C.

865(1)(1). Section 1.871-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

7701(1). Section 1.871-7 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

7701(1). Section 1.871-9 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

7701(b)(11). Section 1.881-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

7701(1). Section 1.881-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

7701(1). Section 1.881-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

7701(1). Section 1.882-5 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

882, 26 U.S.C. 861(e), 26 U.S.C. 988(d), and 26

U.S.C. 7701(1). Section 1.8840 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 884

(g). Section 1.884-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 884

(g). Section 1.884-1 (d) also issued under 26 U.S.C.

881 (C) (2) (A). Section 1.884-1 (d) (13) (i) also issued under 26

U.S.C. 884 (C) (2). Section 1.884-1 (e) also issued under 26 U.S.C.

884 (C) (2) (B). Section 1.884-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

884(g).

Section 1.884-2T also issued under 26 U.S.C.

884 (g). Section 1.88444 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 884

(g). Section 1.884-5 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 884

(g). Section 1.884–5 (e) and (f) also issued under 26

U.S.C. 884 (e) (4) (C). Sections 1.892-1T through 1.892–7T also issued

under 26 U.S.C. 892(c). Section 1.894-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 894

and 7701(1). Sections 1.897-5T, 1.897-6T and 1.897-7T also

issued under 26 U.S.C. 897 (d), (e), (g) and (j)

and 26 U.S.C. 367(e)(2). Sections 1.902–1 and 902–2 also issued under 26

U.S.C. 902(C)(7). Sections 1.904 4 through 1.904–7 also issued

under 26 U.S.C. 904(d)(5). Section 1.904(b)-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

7701(b)(11). Section 1.904(f)-(2) also issued under 26 U.S.C.

904 (f)(3)(b). Sections 1.9044 through 1.904–7 also issued

under 26 U.S.C. 904(d)(5). Section 1.904(i)-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C.

904(i). Sections 1.905-3T and 1.905-4T also issued

under 26 U.S.C. 989(c)(4). Section 1.907(b)-1 is also issued under 26

U.S.C. 907(b). Section 1.907(b)-1T also issued under 26

U.S.C. 907(b).

SOURCE: T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11910, Nov. 26, 1960; 25 FR 14021, Dec. 31, 1960, unless otherwise noted.

REGULATED INVESTMENT COMPANIES AND REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS

$ 1.851-1 Definition of regulated in

vestment company. (a) In general. The term “regulated investment company” is defined to mean any domestic corporation (other than a personal holding company as defined in section 542) which meets (1) the requirements of section 851(a) and paragraph (b) of this section, and (2) the limitations of section 851(b) and $ 1.851-2. As to the definition of the term “corporation”, see section 7701(a)(3).

(b) Requirement. To qualify as a regulated investment company, a corporation must be:

(1) Registered at all times during the taxable year, under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (15 U.S.C. 80a-1 to 80b-2), either as a management company or a unit investment trust, or

a

even

(2) A common trust fund or similar cluded in gross income by reason of fund excluded by section 3(c)(3) of the section 959 (a)(1), and (b) the earnings Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 and profits are attributable to the U.S.C. 80a-3(c)) from the definition of amounts which were so included in “investment company” and not in

gross income under section cluded in the definition of “common 951(a)(1)(A)(i). For allocation of distrust fund" by section 584(a).

tributions to earnings and profi of

foreign corporations, see $1.959–3. The $ 1.851-2 Limitations.

provisions of this subparagraph shall (a) Election to be a regulated investment apply with respect to taxable years of company. Under the provisions of sec- controlled foreign corporations begintion 851(b)(1), corporation,

ning after December 31, 1975, and to though it satisfies the other require- taxable years of United States sharements of part I, subchapter M, chapter holders (within the meaning of section 1 of the Code, for the taxable year, will 951(b) within which or with which such not be considered a regulated invest- taxable years of such controlled foreign ment company for such year, within corporations end. the meaning of such part I, unless it

(ii) For purposes of subdivision (i) of elects to be a regulated investment this subparagraph, if by reason of seccompany for such taxable year, or has

tion 959(a)(1) a distribution of a foreign made such an election for a previous

corporation's earnings and profits for a taxable year which began after Decem

taxable year described in section ber 31, 1941. The election shall be made

959(C)(2) is not included in a shareby the taxpayer by computing taxable

holder's gross income, then such disincome as a regulated investment com- tribution shall be allocated proportionpany in its return for the first taxable

ately between amounts attributable to year for which the election is applica

amounts included under each clause of ble. No other method of making such

section 951(a)(1)(A). Thus, for example, election is permitted. An election once

M is a United States shareholder in X made is irrevocable for such taxable

Corporation, a controlled foreign coryear and all succeeding taxable years.

poration. M and X each use the cal(b) Gross income requirement-(1) Gen

endar year as the taxable year. For eral rule. Section 851(b) (2) and (3) pro

1977, M is required by section vides that (i) at least 90 percent of the

951(a)(1)(a) to include $3,000 in its gross corporation's gross income for the tax

income, $1,000 of which is included able year must be derived from divi

under clause (i) thereof. In 1977, M redends, interest, and gains from the sale

ceived a distribution described in secor other disposition of stocks or securi

tion 959(c)(2) of $2,700 out of X's earnties, and (ii) less than 30 percent of its

ings and profits for 1977, which is, by gross income must have been derived

reason of section 959(a)(1), excluded from the sale or other disposition of

from M's gross income. The amount of stock or securities held for less than three months. In determining the gross

the distribution attributable to the

amount included under section income requirements under section

951(a)(1)(A)(i) is $900, i.e., $2,700 multi851(b) (2) and (3), a loss from the sale or other disposition of stock or securities

plied by ($1,000 $3,000). does not enter into the computation. A

(C) Diversification of investments. (1) determination of the period for which

Subparagraph (A) of section 851(h)(4) stock or securities have been held shall

requires that at the close of each quarbe governed by the provisions of sec

ter of the taxable year at least 50 pertion 1223 insofar as applicable.

cent of the value of the total assets of

the (2) Special rules. (i) For purposes of

taxpayer
corporation be

repsection 851(b)(2), there shall be treated

resented by one or more of the folas dividends amounts which are in

lowing: cluded in gross income for the taxable (i) Cash and cash items, including reyear under section 951(a)(1)(A)(i) to the ceivables; extent that (a) a distribution out of a (ii) Government securities: foreign corporation's earnings and (iii) Securities of other regulated inprofits of the taxable year is not in- vestment companies; or

or

engaged in the broad field of manufacturing or of any other general classification of industry, but issuers shall be construed to be engaged in the same or similar trades or businesses if they are engaged in a distinct branch of business, trade, manufacture in which they render the same kind of service or produce or deal in the same kind of product, and such service or products fulfill the same economic need. If two or more issuers produce more than one product or render more than one type of service, then the chief product or service of each shall be the basis for determining whether they are in the same trade or business.

(T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11910, Nov. 26, 1960, as amended by T.D. 6598. 27 FR 4090, Apr. 28, 1962; T.D. 7555, 43 FR 32753, July 28. 1978)

(iv) Securities (other than those described in subdivisions (ii) and (iii) of this subparagraph) of any one or more issuers which meet the following limitations: (a) The entire amount of the securities of the issuer owned by the taxpayer corporation is not greater in value than 5 percent of the value of the total assets of the taxpayer corporation, and (b) the entire amount of the securities of such issuer owned by the taxpayer corporation does not represent more than 10 percent of the outstanding voting securities of such issuer. For the modification of the percentage limitations applicable in the case of certain venture capital investment companies, see section 851(e) and $ 1.851-6. Assuming that at least 50 percent of the value of the total assets of the corporation satisfies the requirements specified in this subparagraph, and that the limiting provisions of subparagraph (B) of section 851(b)(4) and subparagraph (2) of this paragraph are not violated, the corporation will satisfy the requirements of section 851(b)(4), notwithstanding that the remaining assets do not satisfy the diversification requirements of subparagraph (A) of section 851(b)(4). For example, a corporation may own all the stock of another corporation, provided it otherwise meets the requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 851(b)(4).

(2) Subparagraph (B) of section 851(b)(4) prohibits the investment at the close of each quarter of the taxable year of more than 25 percent of the value of the total assets of the corporation (including the 50 percent or more mentioned in subparagraph (A) of section 851(b)(4)) in the securities (other than Government securities or the securities of other regulated investment companies) of any one issuer, or of two or more issuers which the taxpayer company controls and which are engaged in the same or similar trades or businesses or related trades or businesses, including such issuers as are merely a part of a unit contributing to the completion and sale of a product or the rendering of a particular service. Two or more issuers are not considered as being in the same or similar trades or businesses merely because they are

$ 1.851-3 Rules applicable to section

851(b)(4). In determining the value of the taxpayer's investment in the securities of any one issuer, for the purposes of subparagraph (B) of section 851(b)(4), there shall be included its proper proportion of the investment of any other corporation, a member of a controlled group, in the securities of such issuer. See example 4 in $ 1.851-5. For purposes of $$1.851-2, 1.851-4, 1.851-5, and 1.851-6, the terms "controls”, “controlled group”, and “value” have the meaning assigned to them by section 851(c). All other terms used in such sections have the same meaning as when used in the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C., chapter 2D) or that act as amended.

$ 1.851-4 Determination of status.

With respect to the effect which certain discrepancies between the value of its various investments and the requirements of section 851(b)(4) and paragraph (c) of $1.851-2, or the effect that the elimination of such discrepancies will have on the status of a company as a regulated investment company for purposes of part I, subchapter M, chapter 1 of the Code, see section 851(d). A company claiming to be a regulated investment company shall keep sufficient records as to investments so as to be able to show that it has complied with the provisions of section 851 during the taxable year. Such records

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$ 1.851-5 Examples.

The provisions of section 851 may be illustrated by the following examples:

Erample 1. Investment Company W at the close of its first quarter of the taxable year has its assets invested as follows:

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Investment Company X owns more than 20 percent of the voting power of Corporations B and C and less than 10 percent of the voting power of all of the other corporations. Corporation B manufactures radios and Corporation C acts as its distributor and also distributes radios for other companies. Investment Company X fails to meet the requirements of subparagraph (B) of section 851(b)(4) since it has 35 percent of its assets invested in the securities of two issuers which it controls and which are engaged in related trades or businesses.

Erample 4. Investment Company Y at the close of a particular quarter of the taxable year has its assets invested as follows:

20

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Investment Company W owns all of the voting stock of Corporations A and B, 15 percent of the voting stock of Corporation C, and less than 10 percent of the voting stock of the other corporations. None of the corporations is a member of a controlled group. Investment Company W meets the requirements under section 851(b)(4) at the end of its first quarter. It complies with subparagraph (A) of section 851(b)(4) since it has 55 percent of its assets invested as provided in such subparagraph. It complies with subparagraph (B) of section 851(b)(4) since it does not have more than 25 percent of its assets invested in the securities of any one issuer, or of two or more issuers which it controls.

Example 2. Investment Company V at the close of a particular quarter of the taxable year has its assets invested as follows:

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Percent

Corporation K has 20 percent of its assets invested in Corporation L and Corporation L has 40 percent of its assets invested in Corporation B. Corporation A also has 30 percent of its assets invested in Corporation B, and owns more than 20 percent of the voting power in Corporation B. Investment Company Y owns more than 20 percent of the voting power of Corporations A and K. Corporation K owns more than 20 percent of the voting power of Corporation L, and Corporation L owns more than 20 percent of the voting power of Corporation L. Investment Company Y is disqualified under subparagraph (B) of section 851(b)(4) since more than 25 percent of its assets are considered invested in Corporation B as shown by the following calculation:

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Percent

Investment Company V fails to meet the requirements of subparagraph (A) of section 851(b)(4) since its assets invested in Corporations A, B, C, and D exceed in each case 5 percent of the value of the total assets of the company at the close of the particular quarter.

20.0

Percentage of assets invested directly in Cor

poration B Percentage invested through the controlled

group, Y-K-L-B (40 percent of 20 percent of 30 percent)

2.4

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Total percentage of assets of investment

Company Y invested in Corporation B 25.4 Erample 5. Investment Company Z, which keeps its books and makes its returns on the basis of the calendar year, at the close of the first quarter of 1955 meets the requirements of section 851(b)(4) and has 20 percent of its assets invested in Corporation A. Later during the taxable year it makes distributions to its shareholders and because of such distributions it finds at the close of the taxable year that it has more than 25 percent of its remaining assets invested in Corporation A. Investment Company Z does not lose its status as a regulated investment company for the taxable year 1955 because of such distributions, nor will it lose its status as a regulated investment company for 1956 or any subsequent year solely as a result of such distributions.

Example 6. Investment Company Q, which keeps its books and makes its returns on the basis of a calendar year, at the close of the first quarter of 1955, meets the requirements of section 851(b)(4) and has 20 percent of its assets invested in Corporation P. At the close of the taxable year 1955, it finds that it has more than 25 percent of its assets invested in Corporation P. This situation results entirely from fluctuations in the market values of the securities in Investment Company Q's portfolio and is not due in whole or in part to the acquisition of any security or other property. Corporation Q does not lose its status as a regulated investment company for the taxable year 1955 because of such fluctuations in the market values of the securities in its portfolio, nor will it lose its status as a regulated investment company for 1956 or any subsequent year solely as a result of such market value fluctuations.

Secretary or his delegate, not earlier than 60 days before the close of the taxable year of such investment company, to be principally engaged in the furnishing of capital to other corporations which are principally engaged in the development or exploitation of inventions, technological improvements, new processes, or products not previously generally available.

(2) For the purpose of the aforementioned determination and certification, unless the Securities and Exchange Commission determines otherwise, a corporation shall be considered to be principally engaged in the development or exploitation of inventions, technological improvements, new processes, or products not previously generally available, for at least 10 years after the date of the first acquisition of any security in such corporation or any predecessor thereof by such investment company if at the date of such acquisition the corporation or its predecessor was principally so engaged, and an investment company shall be considered at any date to be furnishing capital to any company whose securities it holds if within 10 years before such date it had acquired any of such securities, or any securities surrendered in exchange therefor, from such other company or its predecessor.

(b) Erception to general rule. (1) The registered management investment company, which for the taxable year meets the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section, may (subject to the limitations of section 851(e)(2) and paragraph (c) of this section) in the computation of 50 percent of the value of its assets under section 851(b)(4)(A) and paragraph (c)(1) of $1.851-2 for any quarter of such taxable year, include the value of any securities of an issuer (whether or not the investment company owns more than 10 percent of the outstanding voting securities of such issuer) if at the time of the latest acquisition of any securities of such issuer the basis of all such securities in the hands of the investment company does not exceed 5 percent of the value of the total assets of the investment company at that time. The exception provided by section 851(e)(1) and this subparagraph is not applicable to the

$ 1.851-6 Investment companies fur

nishing capital to development cor

porations. (a) Qualifying requirements. (1) In the case of a regulated investment company which furnishes capital to development corporations, section 851 (e) provides an exception to the rule relating to the diversification of investments, made applicable to regulated investment companies by section 851(b)(4)(A). This exception (as provided in paragraph (b) of this section) is available only to registered management investment companies which the Securities and Exchange Commission determines, in accordance with regulations issued by it, and certifies to the

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