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Except as provided by law, information collected in the provision of electronic signature services for communications with an executive agency, as provided by this title, shall only be used or disclosed by persons who obtain, collect, or maintain such information as a business or government practice, for the purpose of facilitating such communications, or with the prior affirmative consent of the person about whom the information pertains. SEC. 1709. APPLICATION WITH INTERNAL REVENUE LAWS.

No provision of this title shall apply to the Department of the Treasury or the Internal Revenue Service to the extent that such provision

(1) involves the administration of the internal revenue laws; or

(2) conflicts with any provision of the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 or the Internal

Revenue Code of 1986.
For purposes of this title:

(1) ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE.—The term “electronic signature” means a method of signing an electronic message that,

(A) identifies and authenticates a particular person as the source of the electronic message; and

(B) indicates such person's approval of the information contained in the electronic message.

(2) EXECUTIVE AGENCY.-The term “Executive agency” has the meaning given that term in section 105 of title 5, United States Code.

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YEARS 1986 AND 1987 1 SEC. 146. [47 U.S.C. 701 note) INTELSAT.

(a) POLICY.—The Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States

(1) as a party to the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (hereafter in this section referred to as "Intelsat"), to foster and support the global commercial communications satellite system owned and operated by Intelsat;

(2) to make available to consumers a variety of communications satellite services utilizing the space segment facilities of Intelsat and any additional such facilities which are found to be in the national interest and which

(A) are technically compatible with the use of the radio frequency spectrum and orbital space by the existing or planned Intelsat space segment, and

(B) avoid significant economic harm to the global system of Intelsat; and

(3) to authorize use and operation of any additional space segment facilities only if the obligations of the United States under article XIV(d) of the Intelsat Agreement have been met.

(b) PRECONDITIONS FOR INTELSAT CONSULTATION.-Before consulting with Intelsat for purposes of coordination of any separate international telecommunications satellite system under article XIV(d) of the Intelsat Agreement, the Secretary of State shall

(1) in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce, ensure that any proposed separate international satellite telecommunications system comply with the executive branch conditions established pursuant to the Presidential Determination No. 85-2; and

(2) ensure that one or more foreign authorities have authorized the use of such system consistent with such conditions.

(c) AMENDMENT OF INTELSAT AGREEMENT.(1) The Secretary of State shall consult with the United States signatory to Intelsat and the Secretary of Commerce regarding the appropriate scope and character of a modification to article Vid) of the Intelsat Agreement which would permit Intelsat to establish cost-based rates for individual traffic routes, as exceptional circumstances warrant, paying particular attention to the need for avoiding significant economic harm to the global system of Intelsat as well as United States national and foreign policy interests.

(2)(A) To ensure that rates established by Intelsat for such routes are cost-based, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce and the Chairman of the Federal Com

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1 Public Law 99-93, 99 Stat. 405, 425, sec. 146, Aug. 16, 1985.

munications Commission, shall instruct the United States signatory to Intelsat to ensure that sufficient documentation, including documentation regarding revenues and costs, is provided by Intelsat so as to verify that such rates are in fact cost-based.

(B) To the maximum extent possible, such documentation will be made available to interested parties on a timely basis.

(3) Pursuant to the consultation under paragraph (1) and taking the steps prescribed in paragraph (2) to provide documentation, the United States shall support an appropriate modification to article V(d) of the Intelsat Agreement to accomplish the purpose described in paragraph (1).

(d) CONGRESSIONAL CONSULTATION.-In the event that, after United States consultation with Intelsat for the purposes of coordination under article XIV(d) of the Intelsat Agreement for the establishment of a separate international telecommunications satellite system, the Assembly of Parties of Intelsat fails to recommend such a separate system, and the President determines to pursue the establishment of a separate system notwithstanding the Assembly's failure to approve such system, the Secretary of State, after consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, shall submit to the Congress a detailed report which shall set forth

(1) the foreign policy reasons for the President's determination, and

(2) a plan for minimizing any negative effects of the President's action on Intelsat and on United States foreign policy interests.

(e) NOTIFICATION TO FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION.-In the event the Secretary of State submits a report under subsection (d), the Secretary, 60 calendar days after the receipt by the Congress of such report, shall notify the Federal Communications Commission as to whether the United States obligations under article XIV(d) of the Intelsat Agreement have been met.

(f) IMPLEMENTATION.—In implementing the provisions of this section, the Secretary of State shall act in accordance with Executive order 12046.

(g) DEFINITION.—For the purposes of this section, the term "separate international telecommunications satellite system” or "separate system” means a system of one or more telecommunications satellites separate from the Intelsat space segment which is established to provide international telecommunications services between points within the United States and points outside the United States, except that such term shall not include any satellite or system of satellites established

(1) primarily for domestic telecommunications purposes and which incidentally provides services on an ancillary basis to points outside the jurisdiction of the United States but within the western hemisphere, or

(2) solely for unique governmental purposes.


SEC. 3451. (47 U.S.C. 312a) COMMUNICATIONS.

The Federal Communications Commission may revoke any private operator's license issued to any person under the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 151 et seq.) who is found to have willfully used said license for the purpose of distributing, or assisting in the distribution of, any controlled substance in violation of any provision of Federal law. In addition, the Federal Communications Commission may, upon the request of an appropriate Federal law enforcement agency, assist in the enforcement of Federal law prohibiting the use or distribution of any controlled substance where communications equipment within the jurisdiction of the Federal Communications Commission under the Communications Act of 1934 is willfully being used for purposes of distributing, or assisting in the distribution of, any such substance.


1 Public Law 99–570, 100 Stat. 3207–103, Oct. 27, 1986.




CATIONS SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS. (a) PURPOSE.—The purpose of this section is to provide loans and loan guarantees to provide funds for the costs of the construction, improvement, and acquisition of facilities and equipment for broadband service in eligible rural communities. (b) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:

(1) BROADBAND SERVICE.The term "broadband service" means any technology identified by the Secretary as having the capacity to transmit data to enable a subscriber to the service to originate and receive high-quality voice, data, graphics, and video.

(2) ELIGIBLE RURAL COMMUNITY.-The term 'eligible rural community means any area of the United States that is not contained in an incorporated city or town with a population in excess of 20,000 inhabitants. (c) LOANS AND LOAN GUARANTEES.—

(1) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary shall make or guarantee loans to eligible entities described in subsection (d) to provide funds for the construction, improvement, or acquisition of facilities and equipment for the provision of broadband service in eligible rural communities.

(2) PRIORITY.-In making or guaranteeing loans under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give priority to eligible rural communities in which broadband service is not available to residential customers. (d) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.

(1) IN GENERAL.- To be eligible to obtain a loan or loan guarantee under this section, an entity shall

(A) have the ability to furnish, improve, or extend a broadband service to an eligible rural community; and

(B) submit to the Secretary a proposal for a project that meets the requirements of this section.

(2) STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.-A State or local government (including any agency, subdivision, or instrumentality thereof (including consortia thereof)) shall be eligible for a loan or loan guarantee under this section to provide broadband services to an eligible rural community only if, not later than 90 days after the Administrator has promulgated regulations to carry out this section, no other eligible entity is already offering, or has committed to offer, broadband services to the eligible rural community.

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