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were born in Ireland the lowest percentage married and the lowest percentage widowed, excepting in the group including employees 45 years of age or over, where those whose fathers were born in Germany show the highest percentage married and widowed and the employees whose fathers were born in Ireland the smallest percentage married and widowed. Of the foreign-born employees, the Russian Hebrews show the highest percentage married in the groups of persons from 20 to 29 years of age and from 30 to 44 years of age, while the English employees show the smallest percentage married in each group. In the group first mentioned the Germans show the highest percentage widowed and in that last mentioned the English show the highest percentage widowed. Of the employees who are 45 years of age or over, the North Italians show the highest per cent married and the English employees show the highest percentage widowed. A further study of the table shows that a considerably higher per cent of the male than of the female employees in each group are married and that the percentage of the female employees in each group who are widowed is considerably higher than that of the males who are widowed.

The following table shows, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of persons in the households studied 20 years of age or over, in each conjugal condition:

TABLE 65.-Per cent of persons 20 years of age or over in each conjugal condition, by sex and general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 40 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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TABLE 65.—Per cent of persons 20 years of age or over in each conjugal condition, by sex and general nativity and race of individual—Continued.

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Of the 645 persons reporting conjugal condition in the foregoing table, 14.7 per cent are single, 80.5 per cent are married, and 4.8 per cent are widowed. A total of 358 males reported complete data. Seventy-six per cent of that number are married and 1.7 per cent are widowed. The native-born of foreign father appear in numbers too small for computation. Of the foreign-born, the Hebrews show the largest proportion of married persons and are followed closely by the North Italians. The Armenians show the smallest proportion married, 53.3 per cent. Of the 287 females reporting, 86.1 per cent are married and 8.7 per cent are widowed. One hundred per cent of the native-born of foreign father and 86 per cent of the foreign-born are married. The Hebrews show the largest proportion-94.4 per centof married persons, and the Armenians report the smallest-67.9 per cent. Less than 10 per cent of the Syrian, Polish, and Hebrew females are widowed; only one race, the Armenian, reports more than 10 per cent of the females as single. The totals follow more closely the detailed information for the males than for the females.

The significant fact in connection with the conjugal condition of the foreign-born male employees is the proportion shown to have left their wives in their native land when immigrating to this country. This tendency is indicated in the following table, which shows, by race of husband, the percentage of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and the percentage who report wife abroad.

TABLE 66.-Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and per cent who report wife abroad, by race of husband.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting. The total, however, is for all foreignborn.]

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The proportion of husbands reporting wives in the United States is 95.5 per cent. All of the Scotch husbands and over 98 per cent of the Dutch, English, French, and German husbands report wives in the United States.

The tendency of married males of foreign birth who left their wives abroad when they immigrated to this country, to send for them after designated periods of residence in the United States, is set forth in the following table, which shows, by race of husband and by years husband has been in the United States, the percentage of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad:

TABLE 67.-Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, by race of husband and by years husband has been in the United States.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes only races with 100 or more husbands reporting.]

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It appears from the data presented in the preceding table that in the case of each of the four races for which the percentages are given the proportion of husbands reporting wives abroad decreases with length of residence of husbands in the United States. It will be noted that none of the English husbands who have been in the United States from five to nine years or ten years or over, and only 0.3 per cent of the German husbands who have been here ten years or over, report wives abroad.

VISITS ABROAD.

In the table next presented the extent to which silk-goods manufacturing employees of foreign birth visit their native countries after specified periods of residence in the United States is shown, by sex, years in the United States, and race.

TABLE 68.-Visits abroad made by foreign-born employees, by sex, years in the United States, and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes only races with 200 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]

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Of the 3,557 persons included in the preceding table, 19.8 per cent have made one or more visits abroad. The English show the largest and the Russian Hebrew the smallest proportion of their total number as having been abroad since their first arrival in the United States. As the length of residence in the United States increases, so does the proportion having made visits abroad. This is true of each race except the Russian Hebrew and South Italian. Comparing the males and females, it is seen that a larger proportion of the former have made visits abroad. This is probably due to the fact that there are a larger number of single men than women, and further that a man with a family will not make a trip abroad unless he can take at least his wife with him.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR HOUSEHOLDS.

In the table next presented the percentage of persons who were within each age group is set forth by sex and by general nativity and race of head of household.

TABLE 69.-Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Of 1,245 persons included in the foregoing table, 22.7 per cent are from 30 to 44 years of age, 20.8 per cent are from 20 to 29, and 20.2 per cent are under 6 years of age. Seventeen and three-tenths per cent are from 6 to 13 years of age, 7.3 per cent are from 16 to 19 years of age, and 8.4 per cent are 45 years of age or over, the smallest proportion, or 3.4 per cent, being 14 or 15 years of age. The foreign

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