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PERIOTI-GENERAL SURVEY OF THE GLASS MANUFACTURING
on of the term "glass industry"-Growth of the industry-Territory studied— holds studied-Members of households for whom detailed information was ed-Employees for whom information was secured Comparative scope of the gation-Preparation of the report [Text Tables 1 to 11 and General Tables
DEFINITION OF THE TERM "GLASS INDUSTRY."
the purposes of this report the term "glass industry" is used signate the manufacture of all such products as plate glass, w glass, glass bottles, cut glass, chimney globes and similar as, and plain and fancy glass tableware.
GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY.
ring the past forty years the glass-manufacturing industry has remarkable growth, which has been most marked in the States ssouri, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New York, New y, and West Virginia. The large expansion in these States
the period 1880-1905 and in the country as a whole during hirty-five years 1870-1905 may be quickly seen in the table next itted, which sets forth the increase in the number of establishs, in capital invested, and in the value of finished products.
TABLE 1.-Growth of the glass industry in the United States, 1870–1905, and in select States, 1880 to 1905.
[The following statistics compiled from the United States Census, Special Reports on Manufactu Part III, 1905, Table 1, p. 837; Table 2, pp. 840-841; Table 9, pp. 860-863.]
From the standpoint of recent immigration the most significan fact attending the growth of the glass industry has been the resultant increase in the number of glassworkers. In 1870 the average numbe employed in the industry in the United States was only 15,822, as contrasted with 63,969 in 1905. The geographical distribution of employees has of course followed the location of the industry. The table next submitted sets forth the increase in the average number of glassworkers in the United States during the period 1870-1905 and in the principal glass-manufacturing States during the period