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cause of the absence of a comma, the Massachusetts automobile law, instead of fixing a penalty for reckless driving, imposes punishment on those guilty of automobiling on roads “laid out recklessly or while under the influence of liquor.” The law begins : “Whoever operates an automobile or motor cycle on any public way or private way laid out under authority of law recklessly or while under the influence of liquor, or so as to endanger the lives or safety of the public,” etc. Only a few years ago the absence of a semi-colon in a Massachusetts law closed all the hotel bars in the state every week-day night at ii o'clock.
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The need of using the hyphen in compound adjectives is illustrated by the misprinted phrase “a cement mixing trough," and also by the statement of a famous hunter that he was never really happy until he “had killed a man eating tiger."
A critic in the London Saturday Review, after declaring that the late William Ernest Henley was not a great writer, either in prose or in verse, goes on to say :
“ His well-known quatrains, ' Out of the night that. covers me,' admirable as a piece of epigram, fall short of poetry by their very directness. Their excellence, in fact, is purely a prose excellence, the rhyme and metre notwithstanding. Only the greatest poets can invest with magic a piece of ethical statement. Compare the quatrains with Words. worth's “The World is too much with us,' and their prosaic quality is at once evident. There is all the difference in the world between the passion of an instinctive poet and the utterance, however terse and strong, of the talented writer. We commend these lines — perhaps the most familiar of Henley's verses — to the close consideration of all who admire them as poetry, for they make a fair test of his merit in this direction."
Here is the plain statement that true poetry cannot be direct. There would seem to be room for discussion on this point.
Milton affirmed that the “simple and sincere” manner must pervade all good writing, whether poetry or prose.
The same idea is contained in the saying of Vauvenargues : “In order to know if a thought
The need of accuracy in punctuation is illustrated again by the discovery that, be
is new, one has only to express it quite the payments should be only for a limited simply.” Nietzsche says : 'The misfortune time. After that, by a cluse approach to of lucid writers is that people think them common agreement, his exclusive rights exsuperficial, and consequently take no trouble pire, and anybody who thinks his books will in reading them ; while the chance for ob- sell has the privilege of printing them. For scure writers is that the reader has to labor
years past the tendency in civilized countries hard in order to understand them, and credits has been slowly to extend the author's them with contributing the pleasure that he monopoly, and thereby to increase his derives from his own diligence."
emoluments. It may be, therefore, that an unlimited copyright will come at some time
in the future, but at present it seems rather Andrew Lang wishes the world to under- like an idle dream, and Mr. Clemens doubtstand that he is industrious and not above less knows that in his new corporation he detail work, however little he may like it. It will leave to his heirs little more than a basis is better, he thinks, to be a novelist than an for lawsuits, which they can hardly hope to historian. The latter, he says,
win." money enough to pay his typist - and consider his labors !” Mr. Lang adds :
The New York Sun tends to take the "I speak feelingly – indeed, sorely – having written an historical book of about the length of a com
ground that limited copyright is justifiable. mon novel. There are some fifteen hundred refer- In the case of the Mark Twain incorporaences to 'anthorities,' as my printer ingeniously mis- tion," it says, “a legal experiment is conprinted the word. First, I put them into the manu
templated. The explanation has been offered script as they occurred, and then twice compared
that when the pen name is the property of every mortal one of them with the volumes and pages to which they referred. Then they were all a perpetual corporation, Mr. Clemens's heirs typed separately, and were again verified for the third
will be in a position to enjoin perpetually the time. Then they were printed and verified for the
publication of all of the Mark Twain books fourth time, in print, which yields six thousand cases of looking up a passage. After all, it is certain
not authorized by the Mark Twain Comthat some numerals will be wrong, and then the critic pany.' If this could be done, should we not will come and raise an outcry."
witness a general assumption of pen names by authors who cared not a straw for im
mortality, and would not authors and their Mr. Clemens's move in creating the Mark
heirs enjoy an absolute monopoly in spite of Twain Corporation, with a view to securing
the copyright law? We fancy that it would to his family and heirs the profits of publish
not be long before the legislature intering his books after the copyrights on them
vened." have expired, has aroused general interest. The New York Times doubts the efficacy of the scheme. “As the law stands," it says,
On the other hand, Mr. Clemens's literary "we cannot see that the Mark Twain Corpo- agent, Ralph W. Ashcroft, thinks that the
Mr. Ashration will serve the designed purpose of giv- corporation scheme will work.
croit says : ing to Mr. Clemens and his heirs and their heirs perpetual and exclusive power to draw “Mr. Clemens has been troubled for a year by the profit from his books. It is not easy to say
knowledge that the copyright of his works would
soon expire, and that strangers instead of his own why they should not have it, but somehow
kin would read the financial benefit from his literary there seems to be a general feeling in all
works. He has been in consultation with Mr. Hobbs countries that the author is in some way or and myself practically every week. We finally hit on degree different from other producers, and the plan of incorporating the Mark Twain name
itself. We believe that when this name is the propwhile it is admitted nowadays that he should
erty of a perpetual corporation, Mr. Clemens's heirs be paid for his work, if it be worth buying,
will be in a position to enjoin perpetually all publi. with the admission goes an assumption that cation of the Mark Twain books not authorized by the Mark Twain Company, even after the secondary never have been and never would be guilty. copyright period has expired.”
One of them naïvely says : “I should like to Mr. Ashcroft was not prepared to say at
inform ‘C. B.' that I never allow manupresent whether the incorporation of the scripts to be marked in my office. If he likes Mark Twain name would prevent any pub- to send me something, I can assure him that lisher, after the expiration of copyrights, he will get it back almost as good as new." from printing the books under the name of And still writers are such kittle cattle that Samuel L. Clemens. He said that this was some of them very likely would not be a matter for the courts to decide, and that wholly satisfied with that.
W. H. H. the incorporation of the Mark Twain name at least put Mr. Clemens's daughters in a “NEWSPAPER ENGLISH” EDITED. position in which they could make a legal fight for their rights.
Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Judkins, of the Mt. Tudkins, of the Mt. Kineo house, Moosehead Kineo house, Moosehead Lake, Me., are stopping Lake, Me., are staying for a few days at the
for a few days at
the Gilbert Ray Hawes, the lawyer who de- Copley Square hotel. Copley Square hotel. fended Frau Wagner's copyright to “Par
The New York State The New York State sifal” five years ago, is one of a number of
Teachers' Association Teachers' Association copyright specialists who have expressed in
holds its annual meeting
will hold its annual in the city Tuesday and meeting in this
city terest in Mr. Clemens's plan. Mr. Hawes Wednesday.
day. points out a method by means of which he believes the Misses Clemens could keep all
The Pennsylvania Rail- The Pennsylvania Rail. unauthorized publishers from ever publish- road Company is so well road Company is so well
pleased with the experi- pleased with the experiing their father's works, even if the un- ment of substituting con- ment of substituting con
crete for wooden teleauthorized editions were put out under the
crete for wooden tele. graph poles that it
pro- graph poles that it pur: name of Samuel L. Clemens. Mr. Hawes poses largely to extend
poses largely to extend their use.
of says :
poles. “If, after the copyrights on Mr. Clemens's works expire, a perpetual title is held to the name Mark Notwithstanding the Notwithstanding the Twain, and is the life of the original copyrights of numerous thin ice fatali- numerous thin-ice fatali
ties, cutters are harvest. ties, cutters are harvest. the works has been expanded by the addition of new
ing it ten inches thick in ing ice ten inches thick chapters material, I believe that Mr. Franklin county.
in Franklin county. Clemens's heirs could enjoin the publication by other publishers of the original works, even if these works
WRITERS OF THE DAY, were published under the
of Samuel L. Clemens. “ The Misses Clemens could assert that the re
Vary Constance Du Bois, whose story, print o the original unamended works under a dif
“ The Lass of the Silver Sword," is now runferent title from that under which they were originally ning in St. Nicholas, wrote also the serial, published was not the publication of the genuine
“ Elinor Arden, Royalist," which St. book, and that it was interfering with the publication of the genuine book. In injunction, at least, could
Nicholas published in 1894. This serial was be issued on these grounds. ,
the first story that Miss DuBois ever wrote “Mr. Clemens has already announced that he in- for publication. The scene was laid in the tends to extend the length of his copyrights by the
time of the English rebellion, and the story addition of chapters from time to time."
was founded upon a historic incident in the life of the infant daughter of Charles I., the
Princess Henrietta Anne, afterward Duchess Complaint having been made in England
of Orleans. “Elinor Arden, Royalist," was that editors are in the habit of scoring manu
afterward considerably amplified, and pubscripts and thus spoiling their virgin beauty,
lished in book-form by the Century Comseveral editors have written to the London
pany. Author to say that they regard disfiguring a manuscript as a distinct discourtesy on the Arnold Haultain, author of " The Mystery part of an editor, an offence of which they of Goli," published recently by the Hough
ton Mifflin Company, was born in India, and cessfully given with her assistance. Miss is a son of the late Major-General Haultain, Hibbard has always written more or less — of the British army.
Mr. Haultain was edu- verse, sketches, and stories. While a stucated in England, and going to Canada while dent at Vassar, she frequently wrote for the still young, took his degree at the Univer- Vassar Miscellany, and in connection with sity of Toronto. His first publication was a the work of a number of women's clubs she little critique of Cardinal Newman's theory has written in later years many characteristic of the Illative Sense as expounded in that papers, mainly on literary, dramatic, and famous prelate's “Grammar of Assent." musical topics. Her story, “The CapitulaSince then Mr. Haultain has contributed to tion of Barbara," won the first prize in a the Nineteenth Century, Blackwood's Maga- short-story contest, and “ The Compounding zine, the Westminster Review, the Monthly of a Felony" came out in the American Review, Literature (published by the Lon- 'Home Monthly last September. " Letterdon Times ), Nature, and many other first- writing," Henry James told George Du class periodicals. Two or three of his Eng- Maurier, “is the best possible preparation lish articles have been copied into American for story-writing," and Miss Hibbard has magazines, notably “How to Read” (from had much experience in that branch of litBlackwood's Magazine ), in Littell's Living erary drill, for she comes of a family in which Age, and his “Mayfair and the Nurses " the writing of letters has been for three ( also from Blackwood's ), in the Eclectic. generations constantly-exercised gift. His first original contribution to American Her preference is for the story which permagazines was a long essay on “Walks and mits psychological treatment.
She is parWalking Tours," printed in the Atlantic for ticularly interested in the working out of October, 1903. In July, 1904, the Atlantic
character - analysis and development - in published a second essay, “The Mystery of potent and beautiful description, suggested Golf.” This article was Mr. Haultain's sec- dramatic action, and repressed intensity. ond essay on the subject of golf, his first paper having appeared in the Contemporary Review for August, 1902, from which maga
Walter Leon Sawyer, author of “Gideon zine it was copied in full in Littell's Living
Peek, Protective,” the first of a series of deAge for the following month. In the fall tective stories which appeared in Ainslee's of 1903 Morang & Co., of Toronto, published
for December, was born in Maine, but is now an octavo illustrated volume by Mr. Haul- a Boston newspaper man.
He served his tain, entitled “Two Country Walks in
apprenticeship to the profession in the office Canada."
of the Portland Advertiser, then joined the
staff of the Washington Post, and in 1892 Edith Hibbard, whose story, “ The Revolt
became assistant editor of the Youth's Comof King Louis,” appeared in Short Stories
panion. For the last seven years, though refor December, is a Chicago woman who pos
maining a staff contributor to the Comsesses, in addition to her Western outlook panion, he has been engaged in general litand experience, the advantage which her erary work, covering a wide range of activiVermont ancestry and her close relation to
ties. He is a regular contributor to the BosNew England life afford for a sympathetic
ton Transcript, the New York Sun, and the understanding of the Eastern point of view.
New York Press, and he is also American For two years she was acting dean of the
correspondent of the London Daily Express. women of the University of Vermont, during
He has written songs and sketches for Nat which time she was largely instrumental in
M. Wills and other stars of the vaudeville establishing the yearly presentation by the stage, has had three stories published in the university girls of a Commencement play, Century and many in other magazines, and, two of Shakspere's plays being most suc- under the pseudonym of “ Winn Standish,"
is responsible for the Jack Lorimer series of delicate he walked a great deal while readjuvenile books issued by L. C. Page & Co. ing, and if an idea struck him he wrote it
down on the fly leaf of the book in hand. Effie Smith, who contributed the story,
His habit was to write standing, until his
A Son of Sorrow," to Putnam's Magazine for
strength failed him ; then he sat down at his December, was born in the Tennessee moun
desk ; but finally he was obliged to write in
bed. Some of his best work was done under tains, and has always lived there, excepting
these unfavorable conditions. His popular for a few years spent at college and in teach
“ Yorktown Centennial” lyric was coming. She has had poems published in Putnam's, the Independent, the Christian Reg
posed after a severe hemorrhage, and he was
far from well when he wrote the “Internaister, Zion's Herald, the Nashville Christian
tional Cotton Advocate, and other periodicals. The story, .
Exhibition" ode, a fine, "A Son of Sorrow," was suggested by an
scholarly production, full of imaginative incident which occurred in her own
power. - Eugene L. Didier, in Spare Mocom
ments. munity, as
The Tempting of Peter Stiles," published in Putnam's for last Feb- Mitchell. - To the writer as well as the ruary
reader of historical novels there is interest
in the preface which Dr. S. Weir Mitchell Emerson Taylor, whose
The has written to the new edition - the nineRescue of the Gods," appeared in Scribner's teenth — of his “Hugh Wynne." In this Magazine for December, was until recently preface Dr. Mitchell tells his reader that an instructor in English and rhetoric at Yale since the appearance of the book twelve University. He has contributed to the At- years ago it has been subjected to a considlantic Monthly, Harper's Magazine, the erable amount of criticism at the hands of Reader, Ainslee's, and the Outlook, most of local archaeologists and historians who are his work being along the lines of fiction. troubled over certain inaccuracies in names, During the past two years he has contributed dates, and localities occurring in the roa series of stories of child life to the Ladies'
These errors, Dr. Mitchell now inHome Journal, and he will have a serial in forms his public, he has rectified in this edithat magazine during the coming year.
He tion largely because he finds that his novel is the author of two novels, “A Daughter of is used in schools and colleges, where its Dale," published by the Century Company occasional lapse from historical verity might in 1904, and “The Upper Hand,” published injure its educational value. But Dr. by A. S. Barnes & Co. in 1906.
Mitchell questions the need for absolute accuracy in details in the historical novel.
“ How little the grossest errors in biography PERSONAL GOSSIP ABOUT AUTHORS.
and history," he writes, “ affect the opinions
of the public concerning a novel long popuHayne.- Paul H. Hayne adopted literature
lar may be illustrated by the fact that one of as a profession soon after leaving college,
my critics referred me to 'Henry Esmond' and pursued it to the end of his life, through for an example of desirable accuracy. It was evil and good fortune. ... For many years
an unfortunate choice, for in Esmond' the poet's delicate health prevented him from there is hardly a correct historical statement. early rising, but soon after his frugal break- The Duke of Hamilton described as about fast, that is about half-past eight, he mounted to marry Beatrix was the husband of a sechis mare, Maggy, and with dog and gun, ond living wife and the father of seven chilspent several hours hunting small game. dren — an example of contemplated literary While riding he thought over the literary bigamy which does not distress the happily work upon which he was engaged, and com- ignorant, nor are they at all troubled by the mitted his thoughts to paper upon returning many other and even more singular errors in to the house. He was a rapid writer, espe- statement, some of them plainly the result cially in prose.
Before his health became of carelessness. A novel, it seems, may sin