« iepriekšējāTurpināt »
Occupation until living could be None.......
made from land.
Number of years..
Earnings per day..
Acres of land now owned..
Number of peach trees..
Live stock now owned:
Tools and implements.
Gross value of all property.
Earnings of son..
from previous savings.
Agents of the Commission secured detailed schedules from 21 North Italian and 28 South Italian families. Some of these families came to Vineland with the early immigration and some were comparatively recent arrivals. Of the heads of North Italian families only 2 came to the colony direct from Italy while 15 came from New York City, 2 from Illinois, and 1 each from Colorado and Pennsylvania. Of the South Italians 2 came direct from Italy, 13 from New York, 8 from Philadelphia, 2 from other parts of New Jersey, 1 from Colorado, and 1 from Brooklyn.
Of the North Italian heads of households from whom information was secured, 4 had been farmers in Italy, 1 had been a farm laborer, and 3 were reported as engaged in work on their fathers' farms. Of the South Italian heads of households 8 were farmers in Italy, 5 were farm laborers, and 6 worked on their fathers' farms. Others reported various occupations or no occupation. It will be noted that 8 of the 21 heads of North Italian families, and 19 of the 28 heads of South Italian families had been engaged in agricultural pursuits in their native land.
Two-thirds of the North Italians from whom information was secured bought land at once. The South Italians who came later were not so well able to buy. Only one-third purchased at once; one-third worked at various occupations for periods ranging from one to ten years; and, a significant fact-showing one method of meeting the rising land values-one-third of these South Italians rented land until they acquired sufficient means to purchase. Three have not yet been able to buy.
One-third of the North Italians came to Vineland without money or property of any kind, nearly 30 per cent had between $100 and $1,000, nearly 25 per cent came with $1,000 and under $5,000. Only one was reported bringing more than $5,000 with him.
The South Italians from whom schedules were secured were in more straitened circumstances. Nearly 29 per cent came with nothing, and nearly 70 per cent had less than $250. Tables 8 and 9 show that the entire number of North Italians investigated have purchased land. Fifty-seven per cent made an average first purchase of 26 acres of uncleared wild land, costing on the average of $727, or $28 an acre. Nearly 20 per cent bought cleared land, three-fourths or more tillable, 24 acres each, at an average cost of $2,313 per farm, or $96 an acre.
TABLE 8.-Condition of land and size of farms first rented or purchased.