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AFFILIATED MUSIC ENTERPRISES,
Melbourne, Fla., March 21, 1973. Dr. BEN ARMSTRONG, Executive Director, National Religious Broadcasters, Madison, N.J.
DEAR DR. ARMSTRONG: We are pleased to advise you that we do not intend to charge mechanical royalties in connection with tapes which are syndicated by religious program producers.
Performance rights are licensed to the stations directly by BMI. No further fees are required. A schedule of our affiliated publishers is attached. Sincerely,
K. A. JADASSOHN, LIST OF PUBLISHERS Beazley, Samuel W., & Son
Landmark Music Co.
Sacred Music Foundation
Sisk Music Company
Stamps-Baxter Music & Printing Greene, S. N.
Company Grundy, S. K.
Tovey, Herbert G. Guffey, Tharon and Murl
Worship Music, Inc. Happy Hearts Music
Wright, La Verne Keene, Hank, Inc.
Zondervan Music Publishers Kreiser, Harper
Melbourne, Fla., March 21, 1973. Dr. BEN ARMTSRONG, Erecutive Director, National Religious Broadcasters, Madison, N.J.
DEAR DR. ARMSTRONG: Re "Mechanical" (Recording) Royalties: In accordance with our present policy, there will be no charge for mechanical royalties of any songs from our repertory included in the tapes of syndicated religious programs.
Re "Performance” (Broadcasting) Royalties: Our performance rights are cleared through BMI under whose licenses the radio stations may broadcast the music of our associated companies without extra charge (a list of our publishers is enclosed). Sincerely,
K. A. JADASSOHN, LIST OF PUBLISHERS
Airlane Music Co.
COPYRIGHT LAW AND RELIGIOUS BROADCASTING
Whereas there was introduced on March 26, 1973 and is pending before the Senate of the United States a Bill (S. 1361) for the general revision of the Copyright Law, and
Whereas there is included in the Copyright Bill a provision (Section 112c) clarifying the right of non-profit organizations under certain circumstances to make for distribution to licensed transmitting organizations phonorecordings of religious music, and
Whereas payment of copyright fees for mechanical recordings of religious music for transmission over broadcast outlets could impose financial demands that would seriously curtail or possibly eliminate in some instances the presentation of religious programming, and
Whereas the National Association of Evangelicals, which numbers among its membership more than 36,000 churches of various denominations in the United States, considers that the state of the nation and of the world requires increased rather than decreased religious broadcasting to improve the morale tone and well-being of the nation ; Now, therefore
The National Association of Evangelicals, at this 31st Annual Convention at Portland, Oregon on May 2, 1973, does hereby support the provision in Section 112c of S. 1361 relating to religious broadcasting by non-profit organizations and does hereby urge that S. 1361 be so enacted.
Passed by the Annual Business Sessions on May 2, 1973.
Mr. BRENNAN. Mr. Chairman, the final issue to be considered in these hearings is the carriage of sporting events by cable television.
We shall hear first from the National Cable Television Association.
Mr. Hostetter, would you identify yourself and your colleagues for the record, plase?
Mr. HOSTETTER. Mr. Chairman, I am Amos B. Hostetter, Jr., chairman of the National Cable Television Association with offices here in Washington, D.C.
At the table with me, this afternoon, on your extreme right is Rex Bradley, president of Telecable Corp., of Norfolk, Va.; Stewart Feldstein, general counsel of the National Cable Televsion Association; and on my right, Gary Christensen, special counsel to NCTA.
Senator MCCLELLAN. Very well.
I believe you gentlemen have 40 minutes to present your views, and your full prepared statement will be inserted in the record. STATEMENT OF AMOS B. HOSTETTER, JR., CHAIRMAN, NATIONAL
TELEVISION ASSOCIATION, INC.; ACCOMPANIED BY: REX BRAD. LEY, PRESIDENT OF TELECABLE CORP. OF NORFOLK, VA.; STEWART FELDSTEIN, GENERAL COUNSEL; AND GARY CHRISTENSEN, SPECIAL COUNSEL, NATIONAL CABLE TELEVISION ASSOCIATION
Mr. HOSTETTER. I understand that we do have an allotted 10 minutes time period, which Mr. Bradley and I will primarily split in discussing sports provisions of the proposed bill. However, I would like to take a few minutes before we begin with that presentation to deal with what appeared to me to be two questions raised in this morning's testimony, which I felt were not answered adequately or completely.
The first of those two questions was the mention of the so-called OTP compromise and why NCTA agreed to accept the position embodied therein. A short answer to that question is that NCTA was placed under intense pressure, and really was given two fundamental choices; neither of which were desirable from the industry's point of view.
Senator McCLELLAN. You're talking about the consensus agreement? Mr. HOSTETTER. I'm talking about the consensus agreement, yes, sir.
Senator McCLELLAN. What did you say just now? You were given two alternatives?
Mr. HOSTETTER. We were given two simple choices: One was to accept the terms as they were proposed without change.
Senator McCLELLAN. Proposed by whom?
Mr. HOSTETTER. Proposed by the proponents of the compromise position, which were those whose name has been ascribed to it, by the OTP. But there were many other forces at play in that compromise, and I think it would require a considerable record, to lay before this committee all of the elements of pressure that were brought to bear at that time.
Our choices were quite simply framed as accept the proposal as it is made to you; or run the risk that the FCC rules to allow the cable industry to grow and expand would be denied us, that the freeze would be continued and that passage of a copyright bill might be obstructed. I think given that "Hobson's choice," we made the only possible decision.
I would point out to you that it was under extreme pressure, the kind of pressure which nearly fractured the industry and the association into un reconcilable parts.
The second point that I would-
Mr. HOSTETTER. I do not feel this is the appropriate forum to identify individuals. I just want the record to be clear that
Senator MCCLELLAN. Well, it's not very clear if that's all you're saying
All right. Proceed.
Mr. HOSTETTER. Well, the offices of the administration involved with communications affairs, most specifically Dr. Whitehead's office, felt that this was a reasonable reconciliation of cable interests and broadcast interests. And it was delivered to us as the terms on which cable would be allowed to proceed with construction of new markets.
And in that framework, we felt we had no choice but to accept those terms.
The second point that I thought was
Mr. HOSTETTER. The second point that was raised this morning related to why compulsory arbitration is not, in our judgment, at this time, a satisfactory resolution. Quite simply stated, there are four rea. sons that I would offer for that position.
One, the period of extensive negotiation which has gone on with the motion picture owners has indicated that there is very little factual basis on which to make a determination of fees. I believe that the record put before you this morning, particularly the record of Mr. Mitchell, gives you all of the information that any arbitrator could have before him in making this determination.
So I do not believe there could be any expansion of knowledge by submitting the issue to what would be a time consuming and expensive process of arbitration.
Second, it is essential that CATV systems pay royalties; and as was pointed out this morning, that may seem a very surprising position for NCTA, as a trade association, to take. However we have been badgered and beaten with the specter of being parasites on the existing communication system. We have had it quite simply laid out for us by the FCC, that if we are to have an environment in which we can grow and expand, one of the absolute essential conditions is the payment for copyrights.
So we at this point are eager to find a fee schedule on which we can move forward and avoid the delay, which I think has been previously testified to, which would be associated with extended arbitration.
Third, a proposition has been posed—that we might concede liability, let a tribunal go forward with the arbitration, and accept their fee schedule retroactively—as a way to go over the second problem of delay that I raised.
To me, it's absolutely unthinkable in light of the financial requirements of this industry. It surprises me that anyone with any financial sophistication would suggest that approach. Clearly the bankers, and the investment banks who we look to for our funding are not going to provide money to this industry when we have conceded liability, but do not know the amount of that liability.
Fourth, it seems to me that at this point in time if an industry which had previously not been liable is to accept liability, we ought to have the certitude of a fixed time in which it will begin, and a fixed fee for some period, until the conditions which might result from arbitration would apply.
I think this is the only appropriate way for an industry previously not subject to liability to make a transition into what is at best an unknown business condition.
Senator McCLELLAN. Let me make an observation and a comment on that. Some of the opposition to the fees proposed in the pending bill contend that by setting a fee here, even an interim fee of 1 to 5 percent, pending the royalty board making its final decision, that such a fixed fee, interim fee by the Congress in this bill would carry with it the implication or be persuasive to the arbitration or to the royalty board that Congress thought this fee was a reasonable and proper fee; and thus, would place the other side at a disadvantage.
Now, do you want to comment on that?
I think it is fair to ask you that. It is a part of the concern or the expressed concern of the other side.
Mr. HOSTETTER. I think it is-certainly the record in this legislation will show, given the diversity of points of view between the parties at interest here, that there were no hard facts developed and presented on which the committee could make definitive answers. And I think it will be very easy, in this record, to establish that this fee schedule has no precedental value.
Senator McCLELLAN. I think this record should reflect that I don't think anyone here may have a better idea. One may have a better guess than the other.
But at the moment, it seems to me it is rather speculative as to what is the correct, proper, equitable fee that should be established.
Mr. HOSTETTER. Absolutely agreed.
Senator McCLELLAN. I think the record should reflect that it is to some extent, arbitrary, if we pick this amount, these fees of 1 to 5 percent; yes, it is somewhat arbitrary, because as the record reflects
over and over no one seems to have the correct answer on what should be the permanent answer to it as of this time.
And so, whatever we do---if we should pass the bill in its present form or in any form fixing a fee pending the final resolution of the issue by some tribunal, that we may establish by arbitration that this fee should be regarded as what it is an interim fee, a stopgap measure, something that will establish the principle of law; that there is a proprietor's right that reaches to the cable operators and one that they will have to honor, acknowledge and make compensation for.
To whatever that compensation should be, if we pass the bill in the present form, it establishes that principle as a principle and a matter of law, but it does leave open, and that is the intent of it, to leave open the amount of the charge of the fee to be fixed subject to decision of a proper tribunal that would be established and subject to facts and information that would support the decision of that tribunal.
All right. You may proceed.
Mr. HOSTETTER. We agree with you on that point. We have no objection to the statement you have just made.
Senator McCLELLAN. I make it because that is the way I feel about it as a member of the committee, so as to put this record in its proper perspective. It is not the purpose of this committee, and I am sure I speak for them, to impose a condition or pressure on the arbitrators, whoever they are, or whatever a tribunal finds in establishing the fee.
Mr. HOSTETTER. If you will excuse that digression, I think we should now go back to the association's comments on the sports blackout.
Senator McCLELLAN. All right. You may proceed.
Mr. HOSTETTER. I wish to address my comments to subsection 111 (c) (4)(C) of S. 1361, which is the cable sports blackout provision of the proposed revisions of the Federal copyright statute.
At the outset, I want to emphasize the total uniqueness of the sports blackout provision. The section 111 of the bill establishes a scheme of copyright liability for secondary transmission by cable television systems. Under this scheme, some secondary transmissions would be exempt from copyright liability; others would be subject to compulsory licensing; and some would become actionable as acts of infringement absent voluntary licensing by the copyright holder.
With the exception of the sports blackout provision, the liability of various secondary transmissions depends solely upon such factors as the classification of the primary broadcast station, the location of the cable television stations, the types of broadcast signals available in the market, the existence of exclusivity agreements, and certain notices and payment provisions required by cable systems.
What makes the sports blackout provision unique is that it is the only provision in section 111 which makes a distinction based upon the program content of the secondary transmission. Except for sports programing, all types of commercially broadcast programs are treated in the same manner in determining whether their secondary transmission will be subject to a compulsory license. Only sports programing receives special treatment.
I wish to make clear that, as others have already testified, the cable industry supports the concept of compulsory licensing for sec