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Practically all of the heads of families included in this table are also heads of households. They are here classified according to the amount of their earnings for the year.

Yearly earnings (approximate) of males 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 17.-Male wage earners are here classified according to the amount of their earnings for the year ending at the time of the agent's visit. Persons who receive board and lodging in addition to a money wage and persons who receive tips or other perquisites over and above a stipulated wage are not included in this table.

Amount of family income per year, by general nativity and race of head of family: Study of households. Table 18.-The families included in this table are the same as in Table 16. These families are here classified according to the amount of total income for the year from all sources. Table No. 20 shows the sources of this income. Income from "boarders or lodgers" and in some cases from "other sources"

is gross.

Yearly earnings (approximate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 19. This table is similar to Table 17, which relates to earnings of males.

Number of families having within the year an income from husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity and race of head of family: Study of households. Table 20.-The families included in this table are the same as in Table 16. The number of families with income from earnings of husband, the number with income from earnings of wife, etc., are shown here. The terms "husband" and "wife," include the widowed, divorced, and deserted. The principal items under "Other sources" are (1) receipts from investments, which, in the great majority of cases, are in the form of rentals, and (2) contributions of friends or relatives, who pay either more or less than the rates of boarders or lodgers. Attention is called to the fact that the family may have had income from some source, for example, from boarders or lodgers, within the year, but not at the time the schedule was taken.

Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race of head of family: Study of households. Table 21.-The families included in this table are the same as in Table 16. They are classified here according to the source or combination of sources upon which the family has been wholly dependent for income within the year ending with the taking of the schedule. The four items which make up all incomes except those entered in the last column of the table are earnings of husband, earnings of wife, contributions of children, and payments of boarders or lodgers. It will be noted that all families deriving their entire income from husband, wife, and children have a net income, and that all incomes including the payments of boarders or lodgers are gross; also that all families having any part of their income from money invested appear in the last column of this table.

Months worked during the past year by persons 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by sex and by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 22.-Members of households of working age who have been employed outside of the home within the year ending with the taking of the schedule are here classi

fied according to whether they have worked under three months, three and under four months, four and under five months, etc. For the purposes of the table all cases of part-time employment have been reduced to a full-time basis. For example: An employee who has worked seven months on half time is counted as having worked three and one-half months. The data are shown for males and females separately.

Number and class of households, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 23.-All households are here divided into "family households," or households where a family is present, and "group households," or households composed of a group of persons, no family included. Family households are further classified as being with or without boarders or lodgers. Family households with neither boarders nor lodgers are subdivided into those consisting of a single family and those consisting of two or more families living in the same apartment and sharing one or more rooms. Family households with boarders or lodgers are subdivided into those who keep boarders and those who keep only lodgers. Households keeping both boarders and lodgers are here entered as households with boarders. "Boarders" are persons to whom both food and lodging are furnished.

Number of households paying each specified rent per month per apartment, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 24.-In this table appear only the renting households which report the rent paid for the unfurnished rooms which they use for living purposes. The following classes are thus excluded from

the table:

1. Households which rent apartment furnished.

2. Households which pay an undivided sum for apartment and place of busi

ness.

3. Resident landlords who pay an undivided sum for the apartment they occupy and other apartments which they sublet.

4. Households which pay "ground rent."

Number of households paying each specified rent per month per room, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 25.-The households included in this table are the same as in Table 24.

Number of households paying each specified rent per month per person, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 26.-The households included in this table are the same as in Table 24.

Number of households keeping boarders and lodgers and number of boarders and lodgers, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 27.-This table shows the number of households keeping boarders and the number keeping only lodgers; it also shows the total number of boarders and of lodgers. "Boarders" both sleep and eat with the household. Households which keep lodgers in addition to boarders are classified with the households keeping boarders. Among certain races it is customary to include one of the following accommodations with the nominal price of lodging: (1) Coffee or soup is served once a day; (2) the lodger is allowed the privilege of cooking his food on the kitchen stove; (3) the housewife buys the lodger's food, having the price charged in his account book, and prepares the food for him. Persons with such

financial arrangements consider themselves lodgers and have been classified as such in this table.

Number of persons per household in apartments of each specified size, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 28.-Households are here classified according to the number of rooms which they occupy and are further classified according to the number of persons of which they are composed. Rooms used exclusively for business purposes, although connected with the apartment, are not counted in the number of rooms per apartment. As before stated, only such persons as sleep in the apartment are considered members of the household.

Number of households occupying apartments of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 29.-This table summarizes a part of the data of Table 28. Households are classified here according to the number of rooms they occupy.

Number of households of each specified number of persons, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 30. This table summarizes a part of the data in Table 28. Households are here classified according to the number of persons in the household.

Number of households and number of persons in apartments of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 31. This table summarizes part of the data in Table 28. It gives the total number of households and the total number of persons in apartments of each specified size.

Persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 32.-This table shows the number of households which average less than one person per room, one and less than two persons per room, two and less than three persons per room, etc. The table also shows the average number of persons per household and per room for all households studied.

Persons per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 33.-This table presents the data relative to persons per sleeping room. Only rooms which are regularly used for sleeping purposes are here considered sleeping rooms. The table is similar to Table 32.

Number of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 34.-This table classifies households according to the number of rooms left for living purposes after the number of sleeping rooms has been deducted.

Literacy of employees, by sex and general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 35, 62, 78, 94, and 110.-These tables show the number of employees who read some language and the number who both read and write some language. In all industries where employees of both sexes report, the tabulation is by sex.

Literacy of persons 10 years of age or over, by sex and general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 36.-This table, which is concerned with members of households, is similar to Table 35, relating to employees.

Literacy of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over, by sex, years in the United States, and race of individual: Study of households.

Tables 37. This table classifies foreign-born persons, male and female, according to the number of years since their first arrival in the United States. The classes are: Under five years, five to nine years, and ten years or over. The table shows under each of the three groups the number of persons who can read some language and the number who can both read and write some language.

Literacy of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over, by sex, age at time of coming to the United States, and race of individual: Study of households. Table 38.-This table classifies foreign-born persons, male and female, according to whether they were under 14 years of age or 14 years of age or over at the time of their first arrival in the United States, and shows the number in each group who can read some language and the number who can both read and write some language.

Conjugal condition of employees, by sex and age groups, and by general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 39, 63, 79, 95, and 111. For the purposes of these tables employees of each sex are divided into four age groups-16 to 19 years, 20 to 29 years, 30 to 44 years, and 45 years or over-and are further classified according to whether they are single, married, or widowed. With the widowed are included the relatively few persons who are divorced or deserted.

Conjugal condition, by sex and age groups, and by general nativity and race of individual: Study of households. Table 40.-This table, which is concerned with members of households 16 years of age or over, is similar to Table 39, relating to employees.

Location of wives of foreign-born employees, by race of husband: Study of employees. Tables 41, 64, 80, 96, and 112.-These tables show the number of foreign-born married employees who report wife in the United States and the number who report wife abroad. The tabulation is by the race of the employee.

Visits abroad made by foreign-born employees, by sex, years in the United States, and race: Study of employees. Tables 42, 65, 81, 97, and 113.-Employees are here classified according to the number of years since their first arrival in the United States. The classes are: Under five years, five to nine years, and ten years or over. Under each group employees are classified according to whether they have made no visit, or one, two, or three or more visits abroad. In all industries where employees of both sexes report the data are shown separately for each sex.

Number of persons within each age group, by sex and by general nativity and race of head of household: Study of households. Table 43.

This table gives for all households studied the number of persons of each sex who report their ages as under 6 years, 6 to 13 years, 14 and 15 years, 16 to 19 years, 20 to 29 years, 30 to 44 years, and 45 years or over. The tabulation is by race of head of household.

Number of employees of each age or within each age group, by sex and general nativity and race: Study of employees. Tables 44, 66, 82, 98, and 114.-Employees are here classified according to age, by years, if between 14 and 19 years of age, and by year groups, if 20 years of age or over. In all industries with both male and female employees reporting, the tabulation is by sex.

Number of families owning home, renting, boarding, etc., by general nativity and race of head of family. Study of households. Table 45.This table shows for all families studied the number owning their

homes, the number renting homes, the number boarding, and the number lodging. The few dependent families are included in the miscellaneous class "In other conditions."

General occupation of persons under 16 years of age, by sex and age groups, and by general nativity and race of individual. Study of households. Table 46.-This table shows for males, females, and totals, the number of children under 6 years of age, 6 to 13 years of age, and 13 and 14 years of age, and further shows for each age group the number of children at home, at school, and at work. The few children with employment outside of school hours are tabulated here as at school, and the few children found working through the day and attending night school are here entered as at work.

ees.

Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race and length of residence. Study of employTables 47, 67, 83, 99, and 115.-These tables include only foreignborn employees who were 21 years of age or over at the time of their first arrival in the United States and who have been in the United States long enough to acquire citizenship. These persons are classified as in the United States five to nine years and ten years or over and are further classified under each year group as aliens, citizens, and persons with only their first papers.

Present political condition of foreign-born males who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual and length of residence. Study of households. Table 48.-This table, which is concerned with members of households, is similar to Table 47, relating to employees.

Ability to speak English of persons 6 years of age or over, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. Study of households. Table 49. This table shows for all non-English speaking races the number of members of households, male and female, who can carry on a conversation in the English language.

Ability to speak English of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over, by sex, age at time of coming to the United States, and race of individual. Study of households. Table 50. This table classifies foreign-born persons, male and female, of non-English-speaking races, according to whether they were under 14 years of age or 14 years of age or over at the time of their first arrival in the United States, and shows the number in each of the two groups who are able to speak English.

Ability to speak English of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over, by sex, years in the United States, and race of individual. Study of households. Table 51.-This table classifies foreign-born persons, male and female, of non-English-speaking races, according to the number of years since their first arrival in the United States. The classes are: Under five years, five to nine years, and ten years or over. Under each group the number able to speak English is shown.

Ability to speak English of foreign-born employees, by sex, age at time of coming to the United States, and race. Study of employees. Tables 52, 68, 84, 100, and 116.-These tables are similar to Table 50, relating to members of households.

Ability to speak English of foreign-born employees, by sex, years in the United States, and race. Study of employees. Tables 53, 69, 85, 101, and 117.-These tables are similar to Table 51. relating to members of households.

48296°-VOL 11-11-31

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