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holding company and at all times thereafter, at least 70 percent of the total assets of such company.
(m) QUALIFIED SAVINGS BANK.-For purposes of this Act, the term "qualified savings bank".
(1) means any savings bank (as defined in section 3(g) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act) which was organized on or before March 5, 1987; and
(2) includes any cooperative bank that is an insured bank (as defined in section 3(h) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act) and any interim savings bank that is established to facilitate a corporate reorganization, or the formation of a holding company, involving a savings bank described in paragraph (1).
RIGHT TO FINANCIAL PRIVACY ACT OF 1978
(Pub. L. 95-630, 92 Stat. 3697)
SEC. 1100. [12 U.S.C. 3401nt] This title may be cited as the "Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978".
SEC. 1101. [12 U.S.C. 3401] For the purpose of this title, the term
(1) "financial institution" means any office of a bank, savings bank, card issuer as defined in section 103 of the Consumers Credit Protection Act (15 U.S.C. 1602(n)), industrial loan company, trust company, savings and loan, building and loan, or homestead association (including cooperative banks), credit union, or consumer finance institution, located in any State or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands;
(2) "financial record" means an original of, a copy of, or information known to have been derived from, any record held by a financial institution pertaining to a customer's relationship with the financial institution;
(3) "Government authority" means any agency or department of the United States, or any officer, employee, or agent thereof;
(4) "person" means an individual or a partnership of five or fewer individuals;
(5) "customer" means any person or authorized representative of that person who utilized or is utilizing any service of a financial institution, or for whom a financial institution is acting or has acted as a fiduciary, in relation to an account maintained in the person's name;
(6) "supervisory agency" means, with respect to any particular financial institution any of the following which has statutory authority to examine the financial condition or business operations of that institution
(A) the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;
(B) the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation;
(C) the Federal Home Loan Bank Board;
(D) the National Credit Union Administration;
(E) the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System;
(F) the Comptroller of the Currency;
(G) the Securities and Exchange Commission;
(H) the Secretary of the Treasury, with respect to the Bank Secrecy Act and the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act (Public Law 91-508, title I and II); or
(I) any State banking or securities department or agency: and
(7) "law enforcement inquiry" means a lawful investigation or official proceeding inquiring into a violation of, or failure to comply with, any criminal or civil statute or any regulation, rule, or order issued pursuant thereto.
CONFIDENTIALITY OF RECORDS-GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES
SEC. 1102. [12 U.S.C. 3402] Except as provided by section 1103 (c) or (d), 1113, or 1114, no Government authority may have access to or obtain copies of, or the information contained in the financial records of any customer from a financial institution unless the financial records are reasonably described and
(1) such customer has authorized such disclosure in accordance with section 1104;
(2) such financial records are disclosed in response to an administrative subpena or summons which meets the requirements of section 1105;
(3) such financial records are disclosed in response to a search warrant which meets the requirements of section 1106; (4) such financial records are disclosed in response to a judicial subpena which meets the requirements of section 1107; or (5) such financial records are disclosed in response to a formal written request which meets the requirements of section 1108.
CONFIDENTIALITY OF RECORDS-FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
SEC. 1103. [12 U.S.C. 3403] (a) No financial institution, or officer, employees, or agent of a financial institution, may provide to any Government authority access to or copies of, or the information contained in, the financial records of any customer except in accordance with the provisions of this title.
(b) A financial institution shall not release the financial records of a customer until the Government authority seeking such records certifies in writing to the financial institution that it has complied with the applicable provisions of this title.
(c) Nothing in this title shall preclude any financial institution, or any officer, employee, or agent of a financial institution, from notifying a Government authority that such institution, or officer, employee, or agent has information which may be relevant to a possible violation of any statute or regulation. Such information may include only the name or other identifying information concerning any individual or account involved in and the nature of any suspected illegal activity. Such information may be disclosed notwithstanding any constitution, law, or regulation of any State or political subdivision thereof to the contrary. Any financial institution, or officer, employee, or agent thereof, making a disclosure of information pursuant to this subsection, shall not be liable to the customer under any law or regulation of the United States or any constitution, law, or regulation of any State or political subdivision thereof, for such disclosure or for any failure to notify the customer of such disclosure.
(d)1) Nothing in this title shall preclude a financial institution, as an incident to perfecting a security interest, proving a claim in bankruptcy, or otherwise collecting on a debt owing either to the financial institution itself or in its role as a fiduciary, from providing copies of any financial record to any court or Government authority.
(2) Nothing in this title shall preclude a financial institution, as an incident to processing an application for assistance to a customer in the form of a Government loan, loan guaranty, or loan insurance agreement, or as an incident to processing a default on, or administering, a Government guaranteed or insured loan, from initiating contact with an appropriate Government authority for the purpose of providing any financial record necessary to permit such authority to carry out its responsibilities under a loan, loan guaranty, or loan insurance agreement.
SEC. 1104. [12 U.S.C. 3404] (a) A customer may authorize disclosure under section 1102(1) if he furnishes to the financial institution and to the Government authority seeking to obtain such disclosure a signed and dated statement which
(1) authorizes such disclosure for a period not in excess of three months;
(2) states that the customer may revoke such authorization at any time before the financial records are disclosed;
(3) identifies the financial records which are authorized to be disclosed;
(4) specifies the purposes for which, and the Government authority to which, such records may be disclosed; and
(5) states the customer's rights under this title.
(b) No such authorization shall be required as a condition of doing business with any financial institution.
(c) The customer has the right, unless the Government authority obtains a court order as provided in section 1109, to obtain a copy of the record whch the financial institution shall keep of all instances in which the customer's record is disclosed to a Government authority pursuant to this section, including the identity of the Government authority to which such disclosure is made.
ADMINISTRATIVE SUBPENA AND SUMMONS
SEC. 1105. [12 U.S.C. 3405] A Government authority may obtain financial records under section 1102(2) purusant to an administrative subpena or summons otherwise authorized by law only if—
(1) there is reason to believe that the records sought are relevant to a legitimate law enforcement inquiry;
(2) a copy of the subpena or summons has been served upon the customer or mailed to his last known address on or before the date on which the subpena or summons was served on the financial institution together with the following notice which shall state with reasonable specificity the nature of the law enforcement inquiry:
"Records or information concerning your transactions held by the financial institution named in the attached subpena or
summons are being sought by this (agency or department) in accordance with the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 for the following purpose: If you desire that such records or information not be made available, you must:
"1. Fill out the accompanying motion paper and sworn statement or write one of your own, stating that you are the customer whose records are being requested by the Government and either giving the reasons you believe that the records are not relevant to the legitimate law enforcement inquiry stated in this notice or any other legal basis for objecting to the release of the records.
"2. File the motion and statement by mailing or delivering them to the clerk of any one of the following United States district courts:
"3. Serve the Government authority requesting the records by mailing or delivering a copy of your motion and statement to
"4. Be prepared to come to court and present your position in further detail.
"5. You do not need to have a lawyer, although you may wish to employ one to represent you and protect your rights. If you do not follow the above procedures, upon the expiration of ten days from the date of service or fourteen days from the date of mailing of this notice, the records or information requested therein will be made available. These records may be transferred to other Government authorities for legitimate law enforcement inquiries, in which event you will be notified after the transfer."; and
(3) ten days have expired from the date of service of the notice or fourteen days have expired from the date of mailing the notice to the customer and within such time period the customer has not filed a sworn statement and motion to quash in an appropriate court, or the customer challenge provisions of section 1110 have been complied with.
SEC. 1106. [12 U.S.C. 3406] (a) A Government authority may obtain financial records under section 1102(3) only if it obtains a search warrant pursuant to the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.
(b) No later than ninety days after the Government authority serves the search warrant, it shall mail to the customer's last known address a copy of the search warrant together with the following notice:
"Records or information concerning your transactions held by the financial institution named in the attached search warrant were obtained by this (agency or department) on (date) for the following purpose: You may have rights under the Right to Fi
nancial Privacy Act of 1978.".
(c) Upon application of the Government authority, a court may grant a delay in the mailing of the notice required in subsection