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er's circumstances, including his earning capacity and the income from the farm, that he is able to do so upon reasonable terms and conditions;
(4) be in such form and contain such covenants as the Secretary shall prescribe to secure the payment of the loan with interest, protect the security, and assure that the farm will be maintained in repair and that waste and exhaustion of the
farm will be prevented. (cX1) The Secretary may not accept an offer to prepay, or request refinancing in accordance with subsection (bX3) of, any loan made or insured under section 514 or 515 of this title pursuant to a contract entered into after the date of enactment of this subsection, unless the Secretary takes appropriate action which will obligate the borrower (and successors in interest thereof) to utilize the assisted housing and related facilities for the purposes specified in section 514 or 515, as the case may be, for a period of
(A) fifteen years from the date on which the loan was made in the case of a loan made or insured pursuant to a contract entered into after the date of enactment of this subsection and utilized for housing and related facilities which have not received assistance under section 521 (aX1XB) or (aX2) of this title or section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937; or
(B) twenty years from the date on which the loan was made
in the case of any or other such loan; or until the Secretary determines (prior to the end of such period) that there is no longer a need for such housing and related facilities to be so utilized or that Federal or other financial assistance provided to the residents of such housing will no longer be provided.
(2) If any loan which was made or insured under section 514 or 515 pursuant to a contract entered into before December 21, 1979, is prepaid or refinanced on or after the date of enactment of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980, and tenants of the housing and related facilities financed with such loan are displaced due to a change in the use of the housing, or to an increase in rental or other charges, as a result of such prepayment or refinancing, the Secretary shall provide such tenants a priority for relocation in alternative housing assisted pursuant to this title.
(d) On and after the effective date of the Rural Housing Amendments of 19831
(1) not less than 40 percent of the funds approved in appropriation Acts for use under this section shall be set aside and made available only for very low-income families or persons; and
(2) not less than 30 percent of the funds allocated to each State under this section shall be available only for very lowincome families or persons.2
1 November 30, 1983.
2 Section 105(b(1) of the Housing and Community Development Technical Amendments Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98–479, approved October 17, 1984, amended paragraphs (1) and (2) to read as shown. Section 1054bX2) of such Act further provided as follows:
"Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the provisions of section 502(d) of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended by paragraph (1), shall apply with respect to fiscal year 1985 and thereafter, and the provisions of such section, as so amended, may not be changed or superseded except by another provision of law which amends such section.".
(e)1) A loan which may be made or insured under this section with respect to housing shall be made or insured with respect to a manufactured home or with respect to a manufactured home and lot, whether such home or such home and lot is real property, personal property, or mixed real and personal property, if
(A) the manufactured home meets the standards prescribed pursuant to title VI of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974;
(B) the manufactured home, or the manufactured home and lot, meets the installation, structural, and site requirements which would apply under title II of the National Housing Act; and
(C) the manufactured home meets the energy conserving requirements established under paragraph (2), or until the energy conserving requirements are established under paragraph (2), the manufactured home meets the energy conserving requirements applicable to housing other than manufactured
housing financed under this title. (2) Energy conserving requirements established by the Secretary for the purpose of paragraph (1)C) shall
(A) reduce the operating costs for a borrower by maximizing the energy savings and be cost-effective over the life of the manufactured home or the term of the loan, whichever is shorter, taking into account variations in climate, types of energy used, the cost to modify the home to meet such requirements, and the estimated value of the energy saved over the term of the mortgage; and
(B) be established so that the increase in the annual loan payment resulting from the added energy conserving requirements in excess of those required by the standards prescribed under title VI of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 shall not exceed the projected savings in annual energy costs.
LOANS FOR HOUSING AND BUILDINGS ON ADEQUATE FARMS Sec. 503. If the Secretary determines (a) that, because of the inadequacy of the income of an eligible applicant from the farm to be improved and from other sources, said applicant may not reasonably be expected to make annual repayments of principal and interest in an amount sufficient to repay the loan in full within the period of time prescribed by the Secretary as authorized in this title; (b) that the income of the applicant may be sufficiently increased within a period of not to exceed five years by improvement or enlargement of the farm or an adjustment of the farm practices or methods; and (c) that the applicant has adopted and may reasonably be expected to put into effect a plan of farm improvement, enlargements, or adjusted practices or production which, in the opinion of the Secretary, will increase the applicant's income from said farm within a period of not to exceed five years to the extent that the applicant may be expected thereafter to make annual repayments of principal and interest sufficient to repay the balance of the indeptedness less payments in cash and credits for the contributions to be made by the Secretary as hereinafter provided, the
Secretary may make a loan in an amount necessary to provide ade
a quate farm dwellings and buildings on said farm under the terms and conditions prescribed in section 502. In addition, the Secretary may agree with the borrower to make annual contributions during the said five-year period in the form of credits on the borrower's indebtedness in an amount not to exceed the annual installment of interest and 50 per centum of the principal payments accruing during any installment year up to and including the fifth installment year, subject to the conditions that the borrower's income is, in fact, insufficient to enable the borrower to make payments in accordance with the plan or schedule prescribed by the Secretary and that the borrower pursues his plan of farm reorganization and improvements or enlargement with due diligence.
This agreement with respect to credits or principal and interest upon the borrower's indebtedness shall not be assignable nor accure to the benefit of any third party without the written consent of the Secretary and the Secretary shall have the right, at his option, to cancel the agreement upon the sale of the farm or the execution or creation of any lien thereon subsequent to the lien given to the Secretary, or to refuse to release the lien given to the Secretary except upon payment in cash of the entire original principal plus accrued interest thereon less actual cash payments of principal and interest when the Secretary determines that the release of the lien would pemit the benefits of this section to accure to a person not eligible to receive such benefits.
OTHER SPECIAL LOANS AND GRANTS FOR MINOR IMPROVEMENTS TO
FARM HOUSING AND BUILDINGS
Sec. 504. (a) The Secretary may make a loan, grant, or combined loan and grant to an eligible very low-income applicant in order to improve or modernize a rural dwelling, to make the dwelling safer or more sanitary, or to remove hazards. The Secretary may make a loan or grant under this subsection to the applicant to cover the cost of any or all repairs, improvements, or additions such as repairing roofs, providing sanitary waste facilities, providing a convenient and sanitary water supply, repairing or providing structural supports, or making similar repairs, additions, improvements, including all preliminary and installation costs in obtaining central water and sewer service. The maximum amount of a grant, a loan, or a loan and grant shall not exceed such limitations as the Secretary determines to be appropriate. Any portion of the sums advanced to the borrower treated as a loan shall be secured and be repayable within twenty years in accordance with the principles and conditions set forth in this title, except that a loan for less than $2,500 need be evidenced only by a promissory note. Sums made available by grant may be made subject to the conditions set forth in this title for the protection of the Government with respect to contributions made on loans made by the Secretary.
(b) In order to encourage adequate family-size farms the Secretary may make loans under this section and section 503 to any applicant whose farm needs enlargement or development in order to provide income sufficient to support decent, safe, and sanitary
housing and other farm buildings and may use the funds made available under clause (b) of section 513 for such purposes.
(c)(1) In addition to other duties specified in this section, the Secretary shall develop and conduct a weatherization program for the purpose of making grants to finance the purchase or installation, or both, of weatherization materials in dwelling units occupied by low-income families. Such grants shall be made to low-income families who own dwelling units or, subject to the provisions of paragraph (2), to owners of such units for the benefit of the low-income tenants residing therein. In making grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to the weatherization of dwelling units occupied by low-income elderly or handicapped persons. The Secretary shall, in carrying out this section, consult with the Director of the Community Services Administration and the Secretary of Energy for the purpose of coordinating the weatherization program under this subsection, section 222(a)(12) of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, and part A of the Energy Conservation in Existing Buildings Act of 1976.
(2) In the case of any grant made under this subsection to an owner of a rental dwelling unit the Secretary shall provide that (A) the benefits of weatherization assistance in connection with such unit will accrue primarily to the low-income family residing there in, (B) the rents on such dwelling unit will not be raised because of any increase in value thereof due solely to weatherization assistance provided under this subsection, and (C) no undue or excessive enhancement will occur to the value of such unit.
(3) In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall (A) imple ment the weatherization standards described in paragraphs (2/A) and (3) of section 413(b) of the Energy Conservation in Existing Buildings Act of 1976, and (B) provide that, with respect to any dwelling unit, not more than $800 of any grant made under this section be expended on weatherization materials and related matters described in section 415(c) of the Energy Conservation in Existing Buildings Act of 1976, except that the Secretary shall increase such amount to not more than $1,500 to cover labor costs in areas where the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, determines there is an insufficient number of volunteers and training participants and public service employment workers, assisted pursuant to the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act of 1973 or the Older American Community Service Employment Act, available to work on weatherization projects under the supervision of qualified supervisors.
(4) For purposes of this subsection, the terms "elderly," "handicapped person," "low income," and "weatherization materials”
, shall have the same meanings given such terms in paragraphs (3), (5), (7), and (9), respectively, of section 412 of the Energy Conservation in Existing Buildings Act of 1976.
MORATORIUM ON PAYMENTS UNDER LOANS Sec. 505. During any time that any such loan is outstanding, the Secretary is authorized under regulations to be prescribed by him to grant a moratorium upon the payment of interest and principal on such loan for so long a period as he deems necessary, upon a showing by the borrower that due to circumstances beyond his control, he is unable to continue making payments of such principal and interest when due without unduly impairing his standard of living. In cases of extreme hardship under the foregoing circumstances, the Secretary is further authorized to cancel interest due and payable on such loans during the moratorium. Should any foreclosure of such a mortgage securing such a loan upon which a moratorium has been granted occur, no deficiency judgment shall be taken against the mortgagor if he shall have faithfully tried to meet his obligation.
TECHNICAL SERVICES AND RESEARCH
SEC. 506. (a) In connection with financial assistance authorized in this title the Secretary shall require that all new buildings and repairs financed under this title shall be substantially constructed and in accordance with such building plans and specifications as may be required by the Secretary. Buildings and repairs constructed with funds advanced pursuant to this title shall be supervised and inspected as required by the Secretary. In addition to the financial assistance authorized in this title the Secretary is authorized to furnish, through such agencies as he may determine, to any person, including a person eligible for financial assistance under this title, without charge or at such charges as the Secretary may determine, technical services such as building plans, specifications, construction supervision and inspection, and advice and information regarding farm dwellings and other buildings.
(b) The Secretary is further authorized and directed to conduct research, technical studies, and demonstrations relating to the mission and programs of the Farmers Home Administration and the national housing goals defined in section 2 of this Act. In connection with such activities, the Secretary shall seek to promote the construction of adequate farm and other rural housing, with particular attention to the housing needs of the elderly, handicapped, migrant and seasonal farmworkers, Indians and other identifiable groups with special needs. The Secretary shall conduct such activities for the purposes of stimulating construction and improving the architectural design and utility of dwellings and buildings. In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary may permit demonstrations involving innovative housing units and systems which do not meet existing published standards, rules, regulations, or policies if the Secretary finds that in so doing, the health and safety of the population of the area in which the demonstration is carried out will not be adversely affected, except that the aggregate expenditures for such demonstrations may not exceed $10,000,000 in any fiscal year. The Secretary shall report to the Congress at the close of each fiscal year on the results of such demonstrations.
(c) The Secretary is further authorized to carry out a program of research, study, and analysis of farm housing in the United States to develop data and information on
(1) the adequacy of existing farm housing;
(2) the nature and extent of current and prospective needs for farm housing, including needs for financing and for im