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Another relates to those surviving officers and soldiers of the revolutionary army, who are not entitled to pensions under any existing law.
The legislature non-concurs with that of Louisiana, in the proposal to amend the constitution of the United States, so as to extend the term of office of the President and Vice President to six years, and to render the President ineligible: the resolution also dissents from the proposal of the legislature of Missouri, 'to amend the constitution, so as to provide a uniform mode of electing the President and Vice President of the United States, without the intervention of electors, and so that the election of President and Vice President, should in no case whatever, be submitted to the decision of the House of Representatives of the United States.'
A resolution declares, that in the opinion of the legislature, the revenue arising from the sale of the public lands, after the payment of the national debt, ought to be distributed among the several states, for the purpose of extending the means of education, throughout the Union.
Sheriff's are required, by another resolution, to furnish to the legislature an account of the number of persons imprisoned in 1831; distinguishing between those imprisoned for debt and those imprisoned for crime, and stating the time during which, and the amount, or the offence for which they shall have been confined, the costs in each case, their ages, sex and color, and the amount of payments obtained in each case, in consequence of imprisonment for debts.
The legislature of Maryland, at the session which commenced on December 27th, 1830, passed one hundred and eighty-nine acts and sixty-six resolutions.
Ch. 103.-Militia. So much of the several acts of assembly, except so much thereof as provides for the first company parade, in each and every year, requiring militia meetings for parade,' is repealed; but this act is not to affect the militia of Baltimore.
Ch. 17.-Wearing apparel of deceased persons. The wearing apparel of deceased persons is exempted from appraisement and sale in all cases, where there is a child, grand-child, or widow; such apparel is to be distributed among the children of the deceased; if there are no children, then among the grand-children ; and if there are neither children nor grand-children, it is to be the property of the widow; but watches and jewelry are not to be
included in this exemption; where several persons are entitled to such apparel, the executor or administrator is to make such distribution among them as he may think equitable and proper.'
Ch. 155.-Debtors. No execution shall be issued on any judgment rendered by a justice of the peace, for a debt not exceeding $30, contracted after July 4th, 1831, against the body of any debtor who may have been a bona fide resident of the state, one year, and of the county where the judgment may have been rendered, four months; but this is not to prevent the imprisonment of any person against whom fraud has been alleged and proved.
Ch. 125.-Any insolvent debtor, who shall apply for a discharge, is to be relieved from the payment of all costs adjudged, or which shall accrue after judgment rendered in any penal action against him,' upon the same conditions, as from his debts, provided that the penalty imposed by the judgment in such action, shall have been first remitted by the governor and council.'
Ch. 145.—Penalties Any person committed to jail by the judgment of any court, for non-payment of any penalty or forfeiture, who shall have remained in custody for thirty days, if the penalty does not exceed $50, and for 60 days, if the penalty is more than $50 and does not exceed $100, shall be discharged from further imprisonment on account of said penalty and the costs of the prosecution, provided that it shall be proved to the satisfaction of the court, or any judge thereof, as the case may be,' that such person is unable to pay the penalty and costs.
Ch. 99.-Dower. Where expenses have been incurred under the authority of the orphan's court, in making 'the necessary repairs or improvements on the real estates, in which any widow. shall or may, at the time such repairs are made, &c., be entitled to a right of dower,' such portion of the expenses shall be paid by the widow as the court shall order; but this court is authorized to apportion the expenses of repairs, only in cases where minors are concerned.
Ch. 119.—Internal Improvement. The 'treasurer of the western shore' is directed to subscribe for two thousand shares of stock in the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad Company, on behalf of the state; but no instalment on the stock is to be paid by the treasurer, unless stock to the amount of $350,000 shall have been subscribed for by individuals and corporations, and the instalments thereon paid. Ch. 49. The Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad Company are authorized to construct a lateral railroad commencing at some point upon the main stem of their railroad within en miles from Baltimore, and extending through
Westminster, to the head waters of the Monocacy River. Ch. 158. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company are authorized to construct a railroad from Baltimore to the line of the state, in a direction towards Washington; the state reserves to itself the right, to subscribe for and receive stock of the company, to the amount of the whole or any part of the cost' of such railroad, in which case the stock of the company is to be increased accordingly, or 'to take and hold, as separate stock, any part of the amount of funds used in the construction of such railroad, not exceeding five eighths of the cost' thereof, and to receive a due proportion of the profits arising from the travelling and transportation on it; in either case payment is to be made by the state in money or in stock of the state.
A resolution was passed relative to the opening of a direct navigation through the sounds which run parallel to the sea coast, between Chesapeake Bay near cape Charles, and Lewiston creek in the bay of Delaware, requesting the governor to 'express to the President of the United States the earnest wish' of the legislature, that engineers may be appointed to survey the coast and to report an estimate of the cost of this improvement. It was resolved that the cooperation of the other states interested in the improvement should be invited.
A resolution was passed, authorizing the governor and council 'to appoint three commissioners to repair to Harrisburgh, to remonstrate against the conduct of the state of Pennsylvania,' in erecting dams across the river Susquehanna; and to endeavor to procure the removal of all such obstructions. The cooperation of the states of New York and Delaware is also to be requested through their governors. [In the preamble to this resolution it is stated, that an act was passed by Pennsylvania in 1801, and another, by Maryland, in 1813, declaring the river to be a public highway, and authorizing the removal of all obstructions therefrom; and it is declared that from the several enactments of the two states, it is manifest, that, by a solemn compact, the river Susquehanna is a free and public highway, and that neither of the contracting states, without the consent of the other, has a right' to impede the natural navigation thereof.]
Ch. 50.-Baltimore College. The trustees of Baltimore College are authorized to execute a deed of transfer of all the property of the institution, to the trustees of the University of Maryland, upon certain conditions.
Acts were passed for the following purposes-Fourteen acts, authorizing the commissioners, &c., of certain counties to levy
money for the erection, &c., of bridges; seven acts of divorce; four acts authorizing certain persons to bring certain slaves into this state.
The following companies were incorporated - The Union Slate Company, with a capital not exceeding $100,000; a company, for the purpose of establishing a house of reformation for juvenile delinquents; the American Colonization Society, with the privilege of holding real estate, the yearly value of which shall not exceed $5,000; the Baltimore Life Insurance Company, with a capital of $500,000; the Warren Manufacturing Company, for the purpose of manufacturing cotton or woollen goods, with a capital not exceeding $500,000; (a teacher is to be employed to instruct in reading, &c., the children engaged in the service of the company; the stockholders are not to be liable for the debts of the company in their individual capacities) two 'library companies;' the Mount St. Mary's Institute' for the education of youth; the 'Trustees of the Clover Hill School and Meeting House.'
Two churches also were incorporated.
Among the resolutions are the following-Eighteen for the relief of revolutionary officers and soldiers, or their widows; a resolution, authorizing 'the governor to procure and present to Captain George W. Rogers, a sword, as an evidence of the high sense which the legislature entertain of the services he has rendered his country;' a resolution requesting the governor and council to cause the flag to be hoisted on the dome of the statehouse, and a national salute to be fired' on February 22, 1831, in commemoration of the birth of Washington. A resolution requesting the representatives and senators of the state, in Congress, to use their endeavors to obtain an appropriation for removing the obstructions to the entrance of the harbor of Annapolis.
The legislature of this state, at its session in June, 1829, passed twenty-seven acts, and at its January session, 1830, one hundred and one.
Ch 2.-Pilotage in Boston Harbor. No person is allowed to pilot vessels in or out of said harbor, without first obtaining a commission or branch, under a penalty of $50 for each offence.
The Governor may give commissions or branches to such persons, as may from time to time obtain a certificate from the Boston Marine Society' that they are duly qualified. s. 2.
The said 'Boston Marine Society' may establish rules and
regulations, in relation to the duties of such pilots, the amount of their fees, and the amount of the bonds to be given by them, &c. which regulations, however, are not to be binding, until approved by the Governor and Council. s. 3.
Ch. 22.-The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, is incorporated for the purpose of promoting the science and practice of Horticulture, with power to hold real estate to the amount of ten thousand dollars, and personal property to the amount of twenty thousand dollars.
Ch. 26.-Railroad. The Worcester Railroad Company, is incorporated for the purpose of constructing a railroad from the coal mines in Worcester, to the banks of the Blackstone Canal. A toll of six cents per ton per mile is granted; the corporation have the right to prescribe the form and construction of the wheels, and the weight of loads, which shall pass on said railroad. s. 6.
Ch. 27.-Taxation. A state tax is imposed one six of it on the male polls above sixteen years of age, the other five sixths on property real and personal, as valued in the respective towns.
Minors are to be taxed in the places, where their parents and guardians reside, if they have any, otherwise such minors are to be personally taxed as if of full age. s. 3.
The property of Harvard, Williams, and Amherst Colleges, and of all academies established by law, and of the Massachusetts General Hospital, Berkshire Medical Institution, and the Boston Athenæum, is exempted from taxation by the state. Indians are exempted from this tax.
Ch. 31.-Salted or Pickerel Fish, duly inspected in the state or country where it was packed, need not be re-inspected on being imported into this state.
Ch. 44.-Charitable Association of the Boston Fire Department, is incorporated for the purpose of affording relief to any members injured in the discharge of their duty, as members of such department, or to their families in the event of their decease with power to hold property to the amount of $100,000.
Ch. 45.-Salt. Provision is made for the inspection of salt manufactured in the state.
Ch. 53.-Manufacturing Corporations, are to have the amount of their capital stock fixed at their first meeting it may be increased at any subsequent meeting called for the purpose, provided the increase be within the amount authorized by the charter. s. 3. Members are to be personally liable for the debts of the Corporation, until the whole amount of the capital stock is paid in,