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It is to be completed within ten years under penalty of forfeiture of the

charter.

Troy Turnpike and Rail-road. Company incorporated in 1831, to construct a turnpike or Rail-road from Troy to Bennington, Vt. The neces sary surveys have been made, and the stock subscribed.

In addition to the above, the following Rail-road Companies were incorporated at the session of the Legislature in 1832.

Name.

Lake Champlain and Ogdensburgh,
Watertown and Rome,

Utica and Susquehanna (from Utica to the New York and

Erie Rail-road,

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Black River (from the Erie Canal at Rome or Herkimer to

the St. Lawrence)

Ithaca and Geneva

Buffalo and Erie,

Duchess (from Poughkeepsie to Connecticut line)
Tonawanda (from Rochester to Attica)

Hudson and Berkshire (from Hudson to Massachusetts line)
Schoharie and Otsego (from the Catskill and Canajoharie
Rail-road to the Susquehanna river)

Dansville and Rochester,

Aurora and Buffalo,

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Warren county, (from Glen's Falls to Caldy

Saratoga and Fort Edward,

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Otsego (from Cooperstown to Collierville)

Albion and Tonawanda,
Auburn and Erie Canal,
Mayville and Portland,
Elvira and Williamsport,

VIII. NEW JERSEY,

GOVERNMENT.

Capital. $3,000,000 1,000,000

1,000,000

900,000

800,000

650,000

600,000

500,000

350,000

300,000

300,000

300,000

300,000

300,000

250,000

250,000

200,000

200,000

200,000

150,000

150,000

75,000

Salary.

PETER D. VROOM, Jun. Governor and Chancellor of the State ex officio; term of office expires Oct. 1833,

$2,000

Elias P. Seely, Vice-Pres. Legislative Council,
James D. Westcott, Secretary of State and Auditor,
Charles Parker, Treasurer,

Samuel L. Southard, Attorney General,
Stacy G. Potts, Clerk in Chancery,

Gabriel H. Ford,
George H. Drake,

Zachariah Rossell,

JUDICIARY.

Supreme Court.

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Chief Justice,
Associate Justice,

Salary. 3,50 a day. 50 & perquisites.

1,100

80

Perquisites.

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Clerk of the Supreme Court,

Salary. $1,200

1,100

1,100

EDUCATION.

This State possesses a School Fund which yields an annual income of about $22,000, and by a law passed in 1829, the sum of $20,000 was appropriated to be annually distributed in small sums to such towns as would voluntarily raise an equal sum for the support of schools.

At a public meeting of the friends of education, in 1828, a committee was appointed to procure and publish information relating to the condition of schools. From the statements published by this committee, it appears that in the whole State, 11,742 children were entirely destitute of instruction, and that about 15,000 adults were unable to read. In many towns more than half of the children never attend school. In Sussex and Warren counties, 49 districts were destitute of schools; and in the rich and flourishing county of Essex, 1,200 children were destitute of instruction. Among the families visited by the agent of the Bible Society, 18 were found in which none of the members could read. The system of instruction in the schools which are supported, is stated to be very defective, owing, in many instances, to the want of well qualified teachers. It is gratifying to see the friends of education engaged in efforts to change this state of things.

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT.

Morris Canal. This canal was commenced in 1825, and extends from Jersey City, on Hudson river, across the State of New Jersey to Delaware river, opposite Easton, Pennsylvania, where it connects with the Lehigh canal. It is 101 miles in length, from thirty to thirty-two feet wide at the surface of the water, from sixteen to eighteen at the bottom, and four deep. Rise and fall 1,657, of which 223 feet are overcome by twenty-four locks, and the remaining 1,334 feet by twenty-three inclined planes. There are, also, connected with this canal, four guard locks, five dams, thirty culverts, twelve aqueducts, and more than 200 bridges. The water for this canal is

supplied from Hopatcong lake, situated 900 feet above tide-water. Cost, as estimated, somewhat more than $1,100,000.

Delaware and Raritan Canal, extending from Lamberton on Delaware river, to New Brunswick on the Raritan, is now in progress. Length of the main Canal 38 miles. Width at the surface, 75 feet, depth 7 feet. The water to supply this Canal is to be conducted by a navigable feeder, 50 feet wide, and 5 feet deep, extending from Eagle Island on the Delaware, to its junction with the main Canal at Trenton, about 20 miles. Whole expense of the Canal, Feeder, &c. estimated at $1,438,227.

RAIL-ROADS.-Camden and Amboy Rail-road. Company incorporated in 1829. It commences at Camden, opposite to Philadelphia, and terminates at Amboy. The distance from Camden to Amboy, in a direct line, is 60 miles ; by the Rail-road 61 miles. This Rail-road, being designed for steam locomotive engines, is to be eventually constructed in the most substantial manner; but, at present, wooden rails are used for most of the line, in order that the embankment may be consolidated, before laying the permanent track. It is intended for a double track. Estimated cost of a single track, $8,000 a mile. This enterprise has been undertaken by the Camden and Amboy Rail-road Company, united in pursuance of an Act of the Legislature with the Delaware and Raritan Canal Company. To be completed during the present

year.

Paterson and Hudson Rail-road Company, incorporated in January, 1831, Capital, $250,000, with liberty to increase it to $500,000. It extends from Paterson to Jersey City,on the Hudson river, opposite to New-York. Length, 14 miles, 5 of which were in August, 1832, completed and in use. Total estimated cost, including the machinery for inclined planes, $294,285.

Elizabethtoron and Somerville Rail-road is to extend from Elizabethtown to Somerville. Company incorporated at the session of the Legislature, 1830. Capital $200,000, with liberty to increase it to $400,000,

West-Jersey Rail-road. Company incorporated at the same session with the above. Capital $500,000, with liberty to increase it to $2,000,000. To extend from the Delaware river in the county of Gloucester, or from some point on the Camden and Amboy Rail-road, to the township of Penn's Neck, on the same river, in the county of Salem.

New Jersey Rail-road, incorporated in 1832. Capital, $750,000. This Rail-road is to extend from New-Brunswick through Rahway, Woodbridge, Elizabethtown, and Newark, to Hudson river. Stock subscribed.

A Company has also been incorporated for constructing a Rail-road connecting the Morris Canal with Paterson and Hudson river Rail-road.

16*

Samuel McKean,
Alexander Mahon,

David Sturgeon,

Jacob Spangler,
Samuel Workman,
Samuel Douglass,

GEORGE WOLF, Governor, (term of office expires on the 3d Tues-
day in December, 1832),
Secretary,

John B. Gibson,
Milton C. Rogers,
Charles Houston,

John Ross,

John Kennedy,
William Duane,

Joseph Barnes,

John Hallowell,

Charles S. Coxe, John Lisle,

PENNSYLVANIA.

GOVERNMENT.

State Treasurer,

Auditor General,

Surveyor General,

Secretary of the Land Office,
Attorney General,

JUDICIARY.

Supreme Court.

Chief Justice,
Associate Justice,

Ebenezer G. Bradford,
Alexander L. Hayes,

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Prothonotary,

The judges of the Supreme Court hold Circuit Courts throughout the state, for which they receive, in addition to their salaries, $4 a day while on the circuits.

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The jurisdiction of the following two District Courts for Philadelphia and for the counties of Lancaster and York, is the same as that of the Court of Common Pleas in other counties.

District Court for the City and County of Philadelphia.

Salary.

$2,000

1,600

1,400

1,400

1,400

1,400

300 and fees.

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President Judge,
Associate Judge,
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Prothonotary.

District Court for the Counties of Lancaster and York.

President Judge,

Associate Judge,

Salary. $2,666,67

2,000,00

2,000,00

2,000,00

2,000,00

Fees.

Salary

$2,000

2,000

2,000

Salary. $1,600

1,600

The State is divided into the 16 following Districts, for the sessions of the Courts of Common Pleas. The President Judge of the District of Philadelphia has a salary of $2,000, and two Associate Judges $400 each. The President Judges in the other districts have salaries of $1,600, and their associates $200.

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1. Philadelphia,

2 Lancaster and York,

3. Berks, Northampton, and Lehigh,

4. Huntingdon, Mifflin, Centre, and Clearfield,

5. Beaver, Butler, and Allegheny,

6. Erie, Crawford, Mercer, Venango, and Warren,

7. Bucks and Montgomery,

8. Northumberland, Lycoming, Union, and Columbia, Seth Chapman. 9. Cumberland, Adams, and Perry,

John Reed.

10. Westmoreland, Indiana, Armstrong, and Cambria,

11. Luzerne, Wayne, and Pike,

12. Dauphin, Lebanon, and Schuylkill,

13. Susquehanna, Bradford, Tioga, and McKean,

14. Washington, Fayette, and Greene,

15. Chester and Delaware,

16. Franklin, Bedford, and Somerset,

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Districts.

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REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE

From December 1, 1830, to November 1,

K Licenses to Pedlars,

« Canal Tolls,

"Loans,

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Collateral Inheritances,

Militia and Exempt Fines,

Dividends on Bank Stock,

Do. on Bridge, Canal, and Turnpike Stock,

Tax on Bank Dividends,

Do. on Offices,

Do. on Writs,

Do. on Tavern Licenses,

Duties on Dealers in Foreign Merchandise,

State Maps,

Revenue.

Total,

Premiums on Loans,

Commissioners of Internal Improvement Fund,

Old Debts and Miscellaneous,

President Judges.
Edward King.
Walter Franklin.

Garrick Mallary.
Thomas Burnside.

Charles Shaler.

Henry Shippin.
John Fox.

John Young.
David Scott.

Calvin Blythe.
Edward Herrick,
Thomas H. Baird.
Isaac Darlington.
Alex'r Thomson,

1831.

$103,329.18 12,100.00

126,504.85

106,498.50

34,398.12

30,572.98

7,464.53

18,979.89

40,146.94

51,445.38

446.26

19,062.81

1,381.41

3,622.93

38,241.20

2,199,948.54

103,196.91

125,000.00

11,638.14

$3,033,978.57

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