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It is to be completed within ten years under penalty of forfeiture of the charter.
Troy Turnpike and Rail-road. Company incorporated in 1831, to construct a turnpike or Rail-road from Troy to Bennington, Vt. The neces. sary surveys have been made, and the stock subscribed.
In addition to the above, the following Rail-road Companies were incorporated at the session of the Legislature in 1332. Name.
Capital. Lake Champlain and Ogdensburgh,
$3,000,000 Watertown and Rome,
1,000,000 Utica and Susquehanna (from Utica to the New York and Erie Rail-road,
1,000,000 Black River (from the Erie Canal at Rome or Herkimer to the St. Lawrence)
900,000 Ithaca and Geneva
800,000 Buffalo and Erie,
650,000 Duchess (from Poughkeepsie to Connecticut line)
600,000 Tonawanda (from Rochester to Attica)
500,000 Hudson and Berkshire (from Hudson to Massachusetts line) 350,000 Schoharie and Otsego (from the Catskill and Canajoharie Rail-road to the Susquehanna river)
300,000 Dansville and Rochester,
300,000 Aurora and Buffalo,
300,000 Rensselaer and Saratoga,
300,000 Brooklyn and Jamaica,
300,000 Fish-house and Amsterdam,
250,000 Warren county, (from Glen's Falls to ell)
250,000 Saratoga and Fort Edward,
200,000 Otsego (from Cooperstown to Collierville)
200,000 Albion and Tonawanda,
200,000 Auburn and Erie Canal,
150,000 Mayville and Portland,
150,000 Elvira and Williamsport,
VIII. NEW JERSEY,
Salary. PETER D. VROOM, Jun. Governor and Chancellor of the State ex officio ; term of office expires Oct. 1833,
Elias P. Seely, Vice-Pres. Legislative Council,
Salary. 3,50 a day.
50 & perquisites. 1,100
Gabriel H. Ford,
EDUCATION. This State possesses a School Fund which yields an annual income of about $22,000, and by a law passed in 1829, the sum of $20,000 was appropriated to be annually distributed in small sums to such towns as would voluntarily raise an equal sum for the support of schools.
At a public meeting of the friends of education, in 1828, a committee was appointed to procure and publish inforination relating to the condition of schools. From the statements published by this committee, it appears that in the whole State, 11,742 children were entirely destiiute of instruction, and that about 15,000 adults were unable to read. In many towns Biore than half of the children never attend school. In Sussex and Warren counties, 49 districts were destitute of schools ; and in the rich and flourishing county of Essex, 1,200 children were destitute of instruction. Among the families visited by the agent the Bible Society, 18 were found in which none of the members could read. The system of instruction in the schools which are supported, is stated to be very defective, owing, in many instances, to the want of well qualified teachers. It is gratifying to see the friends of education engaged in efforts to change this state of things.
Morris Canal. - This canal was commenced in 1825, and extends from Jersey City, on Hudson river, across the State of New Jersey to Delaware river, opposite Easton, Pennsylvania, where it connects with the Lehigh canal. It is 101 miles in length, from thirty to thirty-two feet wide at the surface of the water, from sixteen to eighteen at the bottom, and four deep. Rise and fall 1,657, of which 223 feet are overcome by twenty-four locks, and the remaining 1,334 feet by twenty-three inclined planes. There are, also, connected with this canal, four guard locks, five dams, thirty culverts, twelve aqueducts, and more than 200 bridges. The water for this canal is
supplied from Hopatcong lake, situated 900 feet above lide-water. Cost, as estimated, somewhat more than $1,100,000.
Delaware and Raritan Canal, extending from Lamberton on Delaware river, to New Brunswick on the Raritan, is now in progress. Length of the main Canal 38 miles. Width at the surface, 75 feet, depth 7 feet. The water to supply this Canal is to be conducted by a navigable feeder, 50 feet wide, and 5 feet deep, extending from Eagle Island on the Delaware, to its junction with the main Canal at Trenton, about 20 ruiles. Whole expense of the Canal, Feeder, &c. estimated at $1,438,227.
Rail-ROADS.-Camden and Amboy Rail-road. Company incorporated in 1829. It commences at Camden, opposite to Philadelphia, and terminates at Amboy. The distance from Camden to Amboy, in a direct line, is 60 miles ; by the Rail-road 61 miles. This Rail-road, being designed for steam locomotive engines, is to be eventually constructed in the most substantial manner; but, at present, wooden rails are used for most of the line, in order that the embankment may be consolidated, before laying the permanent track. It is in. tended for a double track. Estimated cost of a single track, $8,000 a mile. This enterprise has been undertaken by the Camden and Amboy Rail-road Company, united in pursuance of an Act of the Legislature with the Delaware and Raritan Canal Company. To be completed during the present year.
Paterson and Hudson Rail-road Company, incorporated in January, 1831, Capital, $250,000, with liberty to increase it to $500,000. It extends from Paterson to Jersey City,on the Hudson river, opposite to New-York. Length, 14 miles, 5 of which were in August, 1832, completed and in use. Total estimated cost, including the machinery for inclined planes, $ 294,285.
Elizabethtoron and Somerville Rail-road is to extend from Elizabethtown to Somerville. Company incorporated at the session of the Legislature, 1830. Capital $200,000, with liberty to increase it to $ 400,000,
West-Jersey Rail-road. Company incorporated at the same session with the above. Capital $500,000, with liberty to increase it to $2,000,000. TQ extend from the Delaware river in the county of Gloucester, or from some point on the Camden and Amboy Rail-road, to the township of Penn's Neck, on the same river, in the county of Salem.
New Jersey Rail-road, incorporated in 1832. Capital, $750,000. This Rail-road is to extend from New-Brunswick through Rahway, Woodbridge, Elizabethtown, and Newark, to Hudson river. Stock subscribed.
A Company has also been incorporated for constructing a Rail-road con necting the Morris Canal with Paterson and Hudson river Rail-road.
Salary. GEORGE WOLF, Governor, (term of office expires on the 30 Tuesday in December, 1832),
$2,000 Samuel McKean, Secretary,
1,600 Alexander Mahon, State Treasurer,
1,400 David Sturgeon, Auditor General,
1,400 Jacob Spangler, Surveyor General,
1,400 Samuel Workman, Secretary of the Land Office,
1,400 Samuel Douglass, Altorney General,
300 and fees.
Salary: John B. Gibson, Chicf Justice,
$2,666,67 Milton C. Rogers, Associate Justice,
2,000,00 Charles Houston,
2,000,00 John Ross,
2,000,00 John Kennedy,
2,000,00 William Duane, Prothonotary,
Fees. The judges of the Supreme Court hold Circuit Courts throughout the state, for which they receive, in addition to their salaries, $4 a day while on the circuits.
The jurisdiction of the following two District Courts for Philadelphia and for the counties of Lancaster and York, is the same as that of the Court of Common Pleas in other counties.
District Court for the City and County of Philadelphia.
District Court for the Counties of Lancaster and York,
Salary Ebenezer G. Bradford, President Judge,
$1,600 Alexander L. Hayes,
Associate Judge, The State is divided into the 16 following Districts, for the sessions of the Courts of Common Pleas. The President Judge of the District of Phila. delphia has a salary of $2,000, and two Associate Judges $400 each. The President Judges in the other districts have salaries of $1,600, and their associates $200.
President Judges. 1. Philadelphia,
Edward King. 2 Lancaster and York,
Walter Franklin. 3. Berks, Northampton, and Lehigh,
Garrick Mallary. 4. Huntingdon, Mifflin, Centre, and Clearfield, Thomas Burnside. 5. Beaver, Butler, and Allegheny,
Charles Shaler. 6. Erie, Crawford, Mercer, Venango, and Warren, Henry Shippin. 7. Bucks and Montgomery,
John Fox. 8. Northumberland, Lycoming, Union, and Columbia, Seth Chapman. 9. Cumberland, Adams, and Perry,
John Reed. 10. Westmoreland, Indiana, Armstrong, and Cambria, John Young. 11. Luzerne, Wayne, and Pike,
David Scott. 12. Dauphin, Lebanon, and Schuylkill,
Calvin Blythe. 13. Susquehanna, Bradford, Tioga, and McKean, Edward Herrick, 14. Washington, Fayette, and Greene,
Thomas H. Baird. 15. Chester and Delaware,
Isaac Darlington. 16. Franklin, Bedford, and Somerset,
REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE
From December 1, 1830, to November 1, 1831.
From Lands, Fees on Lands, &c.
12,100.00 126,504.85 106,498.50 34,398.12 30,572.98
7,464.53 18,979.89 40,146.94 51,445.38
446.26 19,062.81 1,381.41 3,622.93
103,196.91 125,000.00 11,638.14