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GOVERNMENT

For the Year ending on the 1st Wednesday in January, 1833.

I. MAINE.

SAMUEL E. SMITH,

Governor,

Counsellors; Hezekiah Prince, Allen H. Cobb, Amos Allen,
Nathaniel Clark, Alfred Pierce, Charles Peavey, Samuel
P. Strickland.

Roscoe G. Greene,

Mark Harris,

Samuel G. Ladd,

Joel Miller,
Parker Greenough,

John K. Smith,

David Winslow,

Prentiss Mellen
Nathan Weston, Jr.
Albion K. Parris

Secretary of State,
Treasurer,

Adjutant General,

Warden of the State Prison,

Inspector of Pot and Pearl Ashes,
Inspector of Butter and Lard,

Inspector General of Beef and Pork,

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JUDICIARY.

Supreme Judicial Court.

of Portland,
of Augusta,

of Portland,

The Senate consists of 25 members; Robert P. Dunlap, President. House of Representatives, 186 members; Benjamin White, Speaker.

Jonathan P. Rogers of Bangor,

John Fairfield

of Saco,

Chief Justice,
Associate Justice,

do.

Attorney General,
Reporter,

RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE YEAR 1831.

Receipts.

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Cash in the Treasury Dec. 31, 1831,

State Tax,

Tax on Banks,

Justices' Fees, and Duties on Commissions,

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Salary. $1,800

1,500

1,500

1,000

600

$6,906.68 50,196.93

16,750.00

5,043.04

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Quarter Master General, and State Arsenal,

State Prison,

Land Agent, Pensions, Roads, &c.
Bank Stock and Loans to Banks,

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Expenditure.

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132,200.00

813.12

33,434.29

5,524.54

2,833.29

Total Receipts, $256,401.78

Total Expenditure,
Cash in the Treasury Dec. 31, 1831,

2,452.16

247.73

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INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT.

Cumberland and Oxford Canal. This canal was completed in 1829, and extends from Portland to Sebago pond. Length 20 miles; width at the surface 34 feet, at the bottom 18; and 4 feet in depth. It has 26 locks. A lock is also constructed in Songo river, by which navigation is continued into Brandy and Long ponds, making the whole water communication, natural and artificial, 50 miles. Cost, $211,000.

GOVERNOR.

COUNCIL.

SENATE.

II. NEW HAMPSHIRE.

GOVERNMENT

For the Year ending June 5th, 1833.

SAMUEL DINSMOOR, Keene,
Ralph Metcalf, Concord, Secretary of State,
Abner Bayley Kelley, Treasurer,

Joseph Low of Concord,

Adjutant General.

Jacob Freese,

Joseph Hill of Portsmouth, Commissary General.
Deerfield, for Rockingham District.
Wakefield, "Strafford
Hillsborough

Richard Russell,

do.

Stephen Peabody,

Milford,

"Cheshire

Stephen Johnson,
Nathaniel Rix,

Walpole,
Littleton, "Grafton

John Harris

George Sullivan

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Eleasar Jackson, Jr.
Robert Burns,

Jared W. Williams,

HOUSE OF REP. Franklin Pearce, Hillsborough, Speaker.

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of Hopkinton,
of Exeter,

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Cornish,

Hebron,

Lancaster.

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District No. 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

Chief Justice,
Associate Justice,

do.

66

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Appointed.
Chief Justice, 1816,
Associate Justice, 1819,

1823,

do. Attorney General,

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Appointed.
1825,

do.

do.

Salary. $1,200

800

600

do.

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Salary. $1,400

1,200

1,200

800

Salary. $1,200

1,000

1,000

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INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT.

Water communication between Boston and the central part of this state, has been opened by means of Middlesex canal and Merrimack river; around the numerous falls of the river the following canals, within the limits of New Hampshire, have been constructed; Bow Canal, completed in 1812, is of a mile in length, and passes a fall of 25 feet with 4 locks. A dam is constructed across the river at the head of the falls. Cost of the whole $21.000. Hooksett Canal, 50 rods in length, passes Hooksett falls by 3 locks with a lockage of 16 feet. Cost $17,000. Amoskeag Canal,8 miles below the above, passes a fall of the same name by a lockage of 45 feet, with 9 locks. Cost $50,000. Union Canal, immediately below Amoskeag, overcomes 7 falls in the river, and has 7 locks in 9 miles. Cost $50,000.

In 1811, a charter which has since been renewed, was granted to a company for the purpose of constructing a canal from Winnipiseogee lake to Cocheco river below the landing at Dover. The distance is 27 miles. The waters of the lake are 452 feet above the level of the river, and the fall would require 53 locks. It is estimated that the expense would not exceed $300,000.

NEW HAMPSHIRE.

III. VERMONT.

GOVERNMENT

For the Year ending on the 2d Thursday in October, 1832.

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Salary.

Salary, $750

450

John S. Phelps,
Samuel S. Phelps,

John S. Pettibone,
Jasper Robinson.

Salary. $1,050 1,050

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RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT FOR THE YEAR ENDING SEPT. 30, 1831.

Receipts.

By Balance in the Treasury,
"Six per cent. on dividends of banks,
"Debts due to Old State Bank,

"Direct tax,

"Other receipts,

Total,

Total,

Balance remaining,

Total,

To members of the General Assembly,

"Salaries of Judges,

"Court orders for fees of witnesses, jurors, &c. "Commissioners of Deaf and Dumb,

"Superintendent of the State Prison, "Amount applied to School Fund,

"Other expenses,

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Expenditure.

1,050

1,050

1,050

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The State of Vermont is 157 miles in length, and from 35 to 90 in breadth. Its surface is computed to be 9,000 square miles; and its average population to each square mile in 1830, was 31.18. The face of the country is very uneven, and in many parts, mountainous. The lowest parts of the State are on the borders of lake Champlain, the surface of which is but eighty seven feet above tide water. The highest point is the peak of Mans field mountain, called the Chin, in the east part of Chittenden county. It is 4,279 feet above the level of the sea. Seven other peaks, principally in the range of the Green Mountains, exceed 3,000 feet. The soil of Vesmont is peculiarly adapted to grazing; yet wheat, rye, barley, oats, potatoes, and Indian corn are extensively cultivated. The whole State is extremely well watered; and the mountains are cultivated to the height of 2000 feet.

In addition to the abstract of the Constitution of Vermont given in the American Almanac for 1831, it may be stated that in all elections, except those of counsellors and electors of President and Vice-President, a major

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