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office. Readers who send to the publishers of the periodicals indexed for copies containing the articles mentioned in the list will confer a favor if they will mention THE WRITER when they write. ]



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of Words." Rules for Capitalization and Punctuation fill nearly thirty pages, and then come exercises in Composition, and rules and examples of Correspondence, some of the examples being very amusing, as well as instructive. Next come forty-two lessons in Spelling and thirty pages of Etymology, and the book ends with a list of Homonyms, or words having the same sound as other words, but differing in meaning. There are few educated persons who cannot learn something from the book.

W. H. H. BORDERLAND STUDIES. Volume II. By George M. Gould, M. D. pp. Cloth. Philadelphia : Blakiston's Son & Co. 1908.

The first volume of Dr. Gould's “ Borderland Studies was published in 1896. This second volume reprints essays, addresses, and lectures, most of which have long been out of print. Writers will be more particularly attracted by the papers 'Style," and “ History and Psychology in Words," and “Some Ethical Questions," which are reprinted from the little volume no longer in print - “Suggestions to Medical Writers," published in 1900, but Dr. Gould is always interesting, even to those who disagree with his strongly-expressed npinions, and the whole book is worth attention. THE FRIENDLY CRAFT. A collection of American let.

ters. Edited by Elizabeth Deering Hanscom, Ph.D., professor of English in Smith College. 364 pp. Cloth, $1.25. New York : The Macmillan Com: pany. 1908.

The idea of “The Friendly Craft” – the collection in a single volume of interesting and suggestive letters and extracts from letters written by Americans of note – is excellent, and it has been admirably carried out. As the compiler says : “ The reflection of a bit of by-gone life, an odd or whimsical view of a situation, a swift and unconscious revelation of character, often merely the happy or individual turn of a phrase, these and causes as slight have governed choice," - and the choice in almost every case will be approved by a multitude of readers. Incidentally the letters in the book give, by implication and direct suggestion, some practical hints about letter-writing that all who indulge in the gentle art of correspondence would do well to read.

The New LITERATURE. “ B. P." Atlantic ( 38 c. ) for January

CHARLES ELIOT NORTON. Barrett Wendell. Atlantic ( 38 c. ) for January.

POE AND MRS. WHITMAN. Professor James A. Harrison and Charlotte F. Dailey. Century (38 c. ) for January.

The Short STORY. Editor's Study, Harper's Magazine ( 38 c. ) for January.

THE ELIZABETHANS AND MR. SWINBURNE. F. V. Keys. North American Review ( 38 c. ) for January. EDGAR ALLAN

PoE. From an English point of view. With portrait. Norman Douglas. Putnam's Magazine ( 28 c. ) for January.

POE AS A Critic. Sherwin Cody. Putnam's Maga. zine ( 28 c. ) for January,

BALZAC IN BRITTANY. Illustrated. W. H. Helm. Putnam's Magazine ( 28 c. ) for January.

ISRAEL ZANGWILL. Clarence Rook. Putnam's Magacine ( 28 c. ) for January.

Some RARE GLIMPSES OF STEVENSON. Bailey Millard. Bookman ( 28 c. ) 'or January.

E. A. PoE AND SECRET WRITING. Firmin Dredd. Bookman ( 28 c. ) for January.

E. A. PoE IN Society. Eugene L. Didier. Bookman ( 28 c. ) for January.

THE PLAYWRIGHT AND HIS PLAYERS. Brander Matthews. Scribner's ( 28 c. ) for January.

Poe. W. C. Brownell. Scribner's (28 c.) for January.

THE CAREER OF HERBERT Spencer. Professor Les. ter F. Ward. Popular Science Monthly ( 33 c.) for January.

POETRY AND SCIENCE IN THE Case OF CHARLES DARWIN. Edward Bradford Titchener. Popular Science Monthly ( 33 c.) for January.

THE CRISIS The Novel IN FRANCE. Albert Schinz. Forum ( 28 c. ) for January.

A FORGOTTEN AMERICAN Poet ( Frederick Goddard Tuckerman ). Walter Prichard Eaton. Forum ( 28 c. ) for January.

The Last GREAT BIOGRAPHY. Whistler personified by Joseph and Elizabeth Robins Pennell. Harrison S. Morris. Lippincott's ( 28 c. ) for January.

POE. George L. Knapp. Lippincott's ( 28 c. ) for January.

MY STORY. V. - Rossetti's Struggle. Hall Caine. Appleton's ( 18 c. ) for January.

EDGAR ALLAN Poe. Hamilton W. Mabie. Ladies' Home Journal for January.

WALT WHITMAN'S EARLY LIFE ON LONG ISLAND. Willis Steell. Munsey's Magazine for January.

EDGAR ALLAN Poe, THE Most ORIGINAL GENIUS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE. Morris Bacheller. Mun. sey's Magazine for January.

THE LOVE LETTERS. OF GEORGE SAND AND ALFRED DE Musset -II. Illustrated. Metropolitan ( 18 c. ) for January.



(For the convenience of readers The Writer will send a copy of any magazine mentioned in the fol. lowing reference list on receipt of the amount given in parenthesis following the name - the amount being in each case the price of the periodical with three cents postage added. Unless a price is given, the periodical must be ordered from the publication


THE MANY-SIDED Milton. Harry Thurston Peck. Cosmopolitan for January.

THE PREFACE TO LES MISÉRABLES." R. T. House. Open Court ( 13 c. ) for January.

The Revised IDEAL PRINTING PLANT. Printing Art for December.

John Milton. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) for December 5. THE PENALTIES OF

AUTHORSHIP. Florida Pier. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c. ) for December 5.

CELEBRITIES AT HOME. Melville E. Stone. With portraits. William Inglis. Harper's Weekly (13 c.) for December 26.

THE World's LARGEST CIRCULATING LIBRARY. How New York guides its children through good reading. Illustrated. Claude G. Leland. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c. ) for December 26. THE

TERCENTENARY of John Milton's Birth. Collier's ( 13 c. ) for December 5.

WILD-West FAKING. Illustrated. Emerson Hough. Collier's ( 13 c. ) for December 19.

PLAYWRITERS AND Profits. What playwriters make and how they make it. With portraits. John R. Hale. Saturday Evening Post ( 8 c. ) for December 19.

DANTE GABRIEL Rossetti's UNPUBLISHED Poem (“Jan Van Hunks”). Theodore Watts-Dunton. Saturday Evening Post ( 8 c. ) for December 26.

MILTON AS CHRISTIAN Citizen. Charles W. Hodell. New York Christian Advocate ( 13 c. ) for December 3.

How WASHINGTON IS REPORTED. Robert Lincoln O'Brien. Youth's Companion (13 c.) for December 10.

MILTON AFTER THREE CENTURIES. Outlook ( 13 c.) for December 12.

Books IN THE MAKING. Hanson H. Webster. Journal of Education for December 24.

THE RELIGION OF JOHN MILTON. Rev. Samuel M. Crothers, D. D. Christian Register ( 9 c.) for December 24.

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J. Berg Esenwein, editor of Lippincott's Magazine, has completed a volume entitled

Writing the Short Story," which will soon be published.

Mrs. Harriet Prescott Spofford has written the introduction to Little, Brown, & Co.'s new and complete edition of the poems of Louise Chandler Moulton. The two writers were intimate friends, and Mrs. Spofford gives some biographical notes of particular interest.

Mrs. Ella Wheeler Wilcox has prepared a new book, which is virtually an autobiography. It is called “New Thoughts, Common Sense, and What Life Means to Me."

The third volume of M. Jusserand's “Literary History of the English People," issued by the Putnams, deals chiefly with the Elizabethan drama. It is mostly devoted to the study of Shakspere.

Charles Dickens and His Friends," by Teignmouth Shore, will soon be published in ten fortnightly parts in England.

“Some New Literary Valuations,” by Professor William Cleaver Wilkinson, is announced by the Funk & Wagnalls Company. One of the chapters of the book, on

Matthew Arnold as a Poet,” was printed in the North American Review for November.

The Mark Twain Company, of New York, capital $5,000, organized to secure to the author and his family all rights in the name or pen-name “ Mark Twain," has filed articles of incorporation at Albany. The directors

Samuel L. Clemens, Clara L. Clemens, Jean L. Clemens, Isabel V. Lyon, of Redding, Conn., and Ralph W. Ashcroft, of New York. Mr. Clemens, referring to the Mark Twain Company, said to a New York Tribune reporter that it was organized for the sole purpose of keeping for the benefit of the family the pen-name of “ Mark Twain." R. W. Ashcroft, his secretary, said that he looked upon that name as a valuable asset, and that the directors thought that by forming this corporation they would be able to protect themselves from pirate publishers, and also from persons who might want to use the name on cigars, etc.



Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett, who has returned from her twenty-fifth visit to England, says she is going to remain in the United States a whole year this time, and adds : “Hereafter I shall not divide my time equally between this side of the Atlantic and the other. I am building a home for my son on Long Island, and I shall be interested in gardening.”

Another biography of Thackeray is being prepared by Lewis Melville, who published a life of the nov.list about ten years ago. That book is now out of print. Fresh material is available to-day, and Mr. Melville believes that he can improve upon his first attempt.

The American Press Company of Baltimore announces a volume entitled “The Poe Cult, and Other Poe Papers," by Eugene L. Didier.

The Canadian Society of Authors has been in existence for some eleven years. The secretary is Pelham Edgar, of 21 Elgin avenue, Toronto. The primary objects of the society are to promote the production of literature in Canada; to protect the interests of Canadian authors; and to obtain and distribute information as to channels of publication open to Canadian authors.

Caspar Whitney, editor of Outing and vice-president of the Outing Publishing Company, has resigned, and will be connected with Collier's Weekly as editor of a new department of that magazine, which will be devoted to out-door sports. This feature in Collier's will appear next month. Eight additional pages of the magazine will be devoted to hunting, exploring, and stories of out-door life.

William Bayard Hale has gone to Europe as representative of the New York Times, and his successor as editor of the Times Saturday Review of Books is J. G. Dater.

Boston has a new magazine called the Bean Pot.

The Kansas Magazine will make its appearance this month. It willl be a monthly, and will be published in Wichita.

The first number of the American Farm Magazine has appeared in Des Moines. A. V. Quint is the publisher.

The first number of a magazine named Psychotherapy, a Course of Reading, is a large quarto pamphlet containing 100 pages of text and three full-page portraits. The magazine is issued by the Centre Publishing Company, New York. W. B. Parker is the editor.

What to Eat ( Chicago ) with the January issue changes its name to the National Food Magazine.

The publishing department of Paul Elder & Co. will remove in February from New York back to the home office in San Francisco.

The Metropolitan Opera Company, New York, announces that it will give $10,000 for the best grand opera by a native-born citizen of the United States, no matter where residing. The libretto must be in English ; if an adaptation of any existing literary work, it must be a new adaptation. The contest will close September 15, 1910. Printed copies of the exact terms of the regulations of the contest may be procured at the opera house, or will be mailed upon request. Contestants should procure an exact copy of the regulations, as it is necessary for them to submit a written acceptance of them.

The Independent for December 10 was a sixtieth birthday jubilee number.

It contained portraits of the founders, editors, notable contributors, and editorial associates of the Independent, views of the buildings occupied, and facsimiles of manuscripts by Whittier, Longfellow, Bryant, and others famous in the annals of American literature.

The reminiscences of Dr. Edward Everett Hale begin in the January number of the Woman's Home Companion.

An essay on Poe by W. C. Brownell is one of the notable features of the January Scribner's.

The first serial began in the London Post in 1719, and was none other than “ Robinson Crusoe.” Of course, in a sense the serial is much older than that. Boccaccio's “ Decameron,” for instance, was issued at intervals, and since there is some connecting thread running through it, might claim to be the first serial.

Donald Grant Mitchell died at New Haven December 15, aged eighty-six.

Professor William Ireland Knapp diej in Paris December 5, aged seventy-three.

Herman Knickerbocker Viele died in New York December 14, aged fifty-two.

Major Orlando Jay Smith died at Dobbs Ferry, N. Y., December 20, aged sixty-six.

Mrs. Evelyn Greenleaf Sutherland died in Boston December 23, aged fifty-five.

Dr. Augustus Le Plongeon died December 13 in Brooklyn, aged eighty-three.

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Vol. XXI.


No. 2.








20 Votes, 20 - The Responsibility of Editors in


23 Henry A. Beers, 23 — Will Gage Carey, 23 Floyd Dell, 24 — “ Lyman Eastman,” 24 —

Herbert Kaufman, 24 — Randolph Marshall 24 PERSONAL GOSSIP ABOUT AUTHORS

24 Arthur Brisbane, 24 — Edward Fitzgerald . 25 CURRENT LITERARY Topics

26 The Plot of a Sardou Play, 26 - Fashions in Fiction, 26 - A Higher Standard in Fiction, 27 – The Possibilities of Poetry, 27 — Slips in English, 28 — How a Story Started, 29 Clarity in Poetry, 29 – How " The Wizard of Oz” Was Written, 29 - Origin of Punctuation, 30 - Use and Punctuation of “ O" and




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dom, beginning with a few general suggestions.

Be careful that the article is used whenever it is needed. For instance, “ The red and white dahlias were most admired," properly means the dahlias in which both these colors were blended. The red and the white dahlias " implies two species.

The grammatical number of a verb should agree with that of its subject, and not with that of its predicate. Thus, the sentences, “Death is the wages of sin,” and “The wages of sin are death," are properly written.

In changing from a past tense to the present, when the same nominative remains, the form of the verb should continue unaltered. Thus, instead of saying “He was traveling and travels," say, “He was traveling and is traveling."

A fruitful source of mistakes in language is in the linking together of two or more inappropriate tenses, or in the misuse of one. Many commit blunders of these kinds. A few corrected examples of such are here given :

“ His text was that God was love ” ; the sentence should be written, “His text was that God is love."

“This painting was preserved and exhibited for the last century” ; say, "has been preserved and exhibited.”

“ It was the last act he intended to have performed; say, “ to perform.

Adverbs are often inelegantly used instead of adjectives ; as, “the then ministry," for “the ministry of that time.”

Of prepositions, it has been frequently said that no words in the language are so liable to be incorrectly used. For example, “The love of God” may mean either

His love to us,” or, “our love to Him."

Many more of these particles are inelegantly, if not ambiguously, used. Instead of

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About 250 years ago a small volume was put forth by one " John Peters, learned scholar and author,” which had the following long-winded title : "A New Way to make Latin Verses, whereby any one of ordinary capacity, that only knows the A, B, C, and can count nine, though he understands not one word of Latin, or what a verse means, may be plainly taught to make thousands of Hexameter and Pentameter Verses, which shall be true Latin, true Verse, and Good Sense!” The present articles must not be expected to accomplish so stupendous a result ; their object will have been fulfilled if they somewhat help writers to use better, clearer English. The suggestions made are set down at ran

Copyright, 1909, by William H. Hills. All rights reserved.


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the natives were a different race to what they are now," say, different from."

“He doubts if his friend will come,” is not so elegant and accurate as, “He doubts whether his friend will come."

“ The business would suit any one who enjoys bad health.[From an advertisement in a New York daily paper. ] Few persons who have bad health can be said to enjoy it. Use some other form of expression : as, one in delicate health, or, one whose health is bad.

“We have no corporeal punishment here,” said a schoolmaster. Corporeal is opposed to spiritual. Say, corporal punishment. Corporeal means having a body.

He rose up, and left the room"; leave out up, as it would be absurd to say rise down.

This is a secret between you and I; say, you and me The construction requires the objective case in place of I, which is in the nominative.

“ John and Henry both read well, but John is the best reader” ; say, the better reader, as best can be properly used only when three or more persons, or objects, are compared.

“ Thompson was there among the rest.This mode of expression, which is very common, literally declares an impossibility. The signification of "the rest” is, those in addition to Thompson, and of which Thompson formed no part ; he could not, therefore, be among them. A correct statement would be, “ Thompson was there with the rest.”

“ The two first cows are the fattest," said a farmer at an agricultural fair. He should have said, “the first two"; there can be only one that is first — the other must necessarily be second.

“It is an error ; you are mistaken"; properly one should say, you mistake. Mistaken means misapprehended ; "you mistake," means "you misapprehend."

“ Have you lit the fire, Bridget ?”; say, lighted ; lit is now obsolete.

“John is my oldest brother"; say, eldest. Elder and eldest are applied to persons older and oldest to things. Usage, however, does not make these distinctions imperative.

“ The cloth was Wove in a very short time" ; say, woven.

“No extras or vacations" [from the pros

pectus of a schoolmistress ] ; say, NOR vacations.

Not as I know " ; say, that I know.

He would never believe but what I did it”; say, but that I did it.

“He is quite as good as me" ; say, as good as I. Also, instead of as good as him, say, as good as he. In both these instances am or is must be mentally supplied at the end of the phrase, to suggest the meaning; and the pronouns should, therefore, be in the nominative case.

Many an one has done the same”; say, many a one. A, and not an, is also used before the long sound of u, that is, when u forms a distinct syllable of itself : as, a unit, a union, a university ; it is also used before eu : as, a euphony, and likewise before the word ewe : as, a ewe ; we should also say, a youth, not an youth.

“I have rang several times”; say, rung.

“ You have drank too much of it”; say, drunk.

Who do you mean ? ” say, whom.
“ Was it her who called me ? ” say, she.

“ He has got my slate" ; omit got ; has is sufficient for the sense. The addition of got, though not ungrammatical, but gradually becoming obsolete, does not in any degree strengthen the meaning.

Purpose and propose : these two words, which are often confounded, are entirely distinct in meaning. To purpose means to intend ; to propose means to offer a proposition.

"The two friends conversed together for an hour"; omit together, as the full meaning of this word is implied in con, which means with, or together, or in company.

“I have often swam across the Hudson" ; say, su'uin.

“I found my friend better than I expected to have found him; say, to find him.

“I intended to have written a letter yesterday" ; say, to write ; as, however long it now is since I thought of writing, “ to write" was then present to me, and must still be considered as present, when I recall that time and the thoughts of it.

Shall and will are often confounded, or misused. The following suggestion will be of service to the reader : Mere futurity is ex

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