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Privilege of Franking.

Letters and packets to and from the following officers of the government, are by law received and conveyed by post, free of postage.

The President and Vice-President of the United States; Secretaries of State, Treasury, War, and Navy; Attorney General; Post-master General and Assistant Post-master General; Comptrollers, Auditors, Register, and Solicitor of the Treasury; Treasurer; Commissioner of the General Land Office; Commissioners of the Navy Board; Commissary General; Inspectors General; Quartermaster General; Paymaster General; Superintendent of Patent Office; Speaker and Clerk of the House of Representatives; President and Secretary of the Senate; and any individual who shall have been, or may hereafter be, President of the United States; and each may receive newspapers by post, free of postage.

Each member of the Senate, and each member and delegate of the House of Representatives, may send and receive, free of postage, newspapers, letters, and packets, weighing not more than two ounces, (in case of excess of weight, excess alone to be paid for,) and all documents printed by order of either House, during and sixty days before and after each session of Congress.

Post-masters may send and receive, free of postage, letters and packets not exceeding half an ounce in weight; and they may receive one daily newspaper, each, or what is equivalent thereto.

Printers of newspapers may send one paper to each and every other printer of newspapers within the United States, free of postage, under such regulations as the Post-master General may provide.

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Germany and the Baltic
France, Spain, Portugal, and the Mediterranean
The United States -

Whole growth of 1831

Present yearly consumption

The stocks of coffee in Europe, Dec. 31, 1830, were
Do.
do. in the United States, less than

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Consumption in Europe and America, 1831

Estimated stocks in Europe and America at end of year
Of which there will be locked up in the United States

1826

1827

1828

1829

1830

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In 1825 December 31st, were

1826

1827

Together

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Import.
153,000,000
202,000,000
210,000,000

202,000,000
198,000,000

Leaving in all Europe, 31st Dec. 1831, only

lbs. 15,000,000

The growth of coffee has yearly decreased from five to eight million pounds since 1828 (when it was greatest), and must continue to decrease two or three years more. It cannot be much increased until three or four years after the price reaches 10 or 12 dollars in the West Indies. The very low price of sugar in all countries adds to the increase of coffee consumption.

Estimated Stocks of Coffee in Europe.

lbs. 305,000,000 lbs. 80,000,000 10,000,000

85,000,000 60,000,000 50,000,000

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1828

1829

1830

And as shown in the foregoing will be in 1831, only

90,000,000 250,000,000

lbs. 340,000,000 305,000,000

Import of coffee in Europe*

The increase of production of coffee from 1826 to 1830, was 30 per cent. The increase of consumption from 1826 to 1830, was 60 per cent.

The increase of production has stopped, while the increase of consumption

goes on and will go on, till checked by high prices.

In 1816 coffee in Hamburg was 6mk. bco. per lb. being 12 cents per lb. 1817 it rose in Hamburg to 8

1818 it rose in Hamburg to 16

12

It thence gradually fell to And did not go below Coffee continued to fall in mk. bco. per lb. In February 1831, it was worth 43mk. bco. And had not then reached by 30 per cent. the price from which it started in 1816.

being 16 cts. being 33 cts. being 25 cts. 10 (till after 1824) being 20 cts. Hamburg till 1830, when it was worth 3 being about 7 cents per lb. about 9 cents.

35,000,000 20,000,000

Consumed. 141,000,000 181,000,000

205,000,000

214,000,000 228,000,000

lbs. 74,000,000

87,000,000 107,000,000 121,500,000

109,700,000

80,000,000 15,000,000

* By Europe is meant the Netherlands, England, France, Hamburg, Bremen, Copenhagen, St. Petersburg, and Trieste.

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30 Columbian,

31 Georgetown,*

32 William and Mary,
33 Hampden-Sydney,
34 Washington,

Near Emmitsburg,
Washington,
Georgetown,
Williamsburg,
Prince Ed. Co.
Lexington,

35 University of Virginia, Charlottesville,
36 Randolph Macon College Boydton,

37 Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill,

56 Kenyon,

57 Franklin,

58 Indiana,

59 Illinois,
60 St. Louis,*

Place.

Brunswick,
Waterville,
Hanover,
Burlington,

Vt.
Middlebury, do.
Cambridge, Mass.
Williamstown, do.
Amherst,
Providence,
New Haven,
Hartford,

Middletown,
New York,
Schenectady,
Clinton,

Geneva,
Princeton,
N. Brunswick,
Philadelphia,
Carlisle,
Canonsburg,
Pittsburg,
Washington,
Meadville,
Union Town,
Baltimore,

Do.

Annapolis,

Charleston,
Columbia,
Athens,
Tuscaloosa,
Washington,

Jackson,
Greenville,
Nashville,
Knoxville,

Lexington,
Danville,

Augusta,

Princeton,

Bardstown,
Georgetown,

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Athens,

Oxford,
Hudson,

Gambier,
New Athens,
Bloomington,
Jacksonville,
St. Louis,

Me.
do.

William Allen, D. D.
Jeremiah Chaplin, D. D.

N. H. Nathan Lord, D. D.
James Marsh, D. D.
Joshua Bates, D. D.
Josiah Quincy, LL. D.
Edward D. Griffin, D. D.
do. Heman Humphrey, D. D.
R. I. Francis Wayland, D. D.
Con. Jeremiah Day, D. D.

do.
do.
N. Y.
do.

Nathaniel S. Wheaton, A.M.
Wilbur Fisk, D. D.

William A. Duer, LL. D.
Eliphalet Nott, D. D.
Spencer

do.

do.

N. J. do. Penn.

do

XVI. COLLEGES IN THE

do.

Richard S. Mason, D. D.
James Carnahan, D. D.
Philip Milledoller, D. D.
W. H. De Lancey, D. D.
Samuel B. How, D. D.
Matthew Brown, D. D.
Robert Bruce, D. D.
David McConaughly,
Timothy Alden, D. D.
do. Henry B. Bascom,
Md. Samuel Eccleston,
do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

Charles Williams, D. D.
lector Humphreys, A. M.
John B. Purcell,
Stephen Chapin, D. D.
Thomas F. Mulledy,
Va. Adam Empic, D. D.
do. J. P. Cushing, A. M.
do.
Marshall, M. D.
do. Prof. Patterson, Chairman,
do. John Emory, D. D.
N. C. Joseph Caldwell, D. D.
S. C. Jasper Adams, D. D.
do. Thomas Cooper, M. D.
Alonzo Church, D. D.
Alva Woods, D. D.
E. B. Williston, A. M.
La. Jeremiah Chamberlain, D. D.

Ga.

Ala.

Mi.

Tenn. Henry Hoss, Esq.

do.

do. Ken.

do.

do.

do.

do.

do. Ohio.

do.

do. Ca. D.C.

Presidents.

do.

do.

do. Ind. Il.

Mo.

Philip Lindsley, D. D.
Charles Coffin, D. D.

John C. Young,
Martin Ruter, D. D.
F. R. Cossit,
George A. M. Elder,
Joel S. Bacon,

Robert G. Wilson, D. D.
R. H. Bishop, D. D.
Charles B. Storrs,
Philander Chase, D. D.
William M'Millan, A. M.
Andrew Wylie, D. D.
Edward Beecher, A. M.
P. J. Verhaegen,

Foun

ded.

1794

1820

1770

1791

1800

1638

1793

1821

1764

1700

1826

1831

1754

1795

1812

1823

1746

1770

1755

1783

1802

1820

1806

1815

1829

1799

! 1812

1784

1830

1821

1799

1693

1774

1812

1819

1831

1791

1785

1804

1785

1828

1802

1794

1806

1798

1822

1823

1825

1819

1830

1802

1824

1826

1828

1824

1827

1830

1829

*Catholic Colleges: a large part of the students in these belong to the preparatory department. There is a Catholic College at Mobile, and one at Cincinnati, of which no statistics have been received.

UNITED STATES.

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415

70

2,303
182

546

5,685
721

208

1,182

4,470

25

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39

35

530

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205 1,424

215

52 442

1,267

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3

11 111

Vols. in Vols. in
College Studt's
Library. Librari.

8,500
2,500

6,000

1,000

1,846
35,000

2,550
2,380
6,100

8,000

5,150

2,900

500 8,000

2,322

4,600

2,000

4,515
6,000

8,500 9,000

5,000

2,000

700

400

8,000

10,000

2,100

7,000

8,000 16 114 2,000

100

1,000

700

8,000

Commencement.

First Wednesday in Sept.
Last Wednesday in July.
Last Wed. but one in August.
First Wednesday in August.
Third Wednesday in August.
Last Wednesday in August.
Third Wednesday in August.
Fourth Wednesday in August.
First Wednesday in September.
Third Wednesday in August.
1,200 First Wednesday in August.

5,500
600

8,000

500

4,000

7,000

3,600 600

1,500

3,500

2,500

340

2,350
1,258

6,000

8,450

3,000

900

4,000

1,800 3,000
3,000 1,000

2,250

5,000
1,800
50

525

750
200

1,500
108

550

600

1,500

1,000

1,300
500

1,000 1,000
1,000 1,200
1,000

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First Tuesday in August.
Fourth Wednesday in July.
Fourth Wednesday in August.
First Wednesday in August.
Last Wednesday in September.
Third Wednesday in August.
Last day, not Sunday, in July.
Fourth Wednesday in September.
Last Thursday in September,
Last Friday in June.

Last Thursday in September.
First Wednesday in July.
July 15th.

Third Tuesday in July.
Third Wednesday in July.
Second Wednesday in February.

Last week in June.

Fourth Wednesday in December.
Near the last of July.

July 4th.

Fourth Wednesday in September.
Third Wednesday in April.

Fourth Thursday in June.
Last Tuesday in October.

3d Monday after 4th Mon. in Nov.
First Wednesday in August.
Third Wednesday in December.

Third Wednesday in September.
First Wednesday in October.
First Wednesday in October.
Last Wednesday in September.
July 4th.

Thursday after 1st Wed. in Aug.
Second Thursday in September.
1st August.

Wed. after 3d Tuesday in Sept. Last Wednesday in September. 100 Fourth Wednesday in August.

Fourth Wednesday in September.

"

50 Last Wednesday in September.

182 600 1,200

60

↑ Undergraduates, not including medical, theological, and law students.

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Bow join.

Waterville.
Dartmouth.

Vermont Univ.
Middlebury.

Harvard.

Williams.

Amberst.

Brown.

Yale.

Washington.

Columbia.
Union.

Hamilton.

Geneva.

College of N. J.
Rutgers.

Penn. University.
Dickinson.

Jefferson.

Madison.

Washington.
Western Univ.
Univ. Maryland.

Mt. St. Mary's.
Columbian.
William and Mary.
Hamp. Sydney.
Washington.
Univ. Virginia,
Univ. N. Carolina.
Charleston.
Coll. S. Carolina.
Univ. of Georgia.

Univ. Alabama.
Greenville.
Nashville.

VACATIONS IN COLLEGES.

1. Com., 3 weeks;-2. Friday after 3d Wed. Dec., 8 weeks ;-3. Friday after 3d Wed. May, 2 weeks.

1. Com., 4 weeks ;-2. Last Wed. Nov., 9 weeks.

1. Com., 6 weeks;-2. last Mon. Dec., 6 1-2 weeks ;-3. Thursday preceding the last Wed. May, 21-2 weeks.

1. Com., 4 weeks ;-2. 1st Wed. Jan., 8 weeks.

1. Com., 4 weeks;-2. 1st Wed. Jan., 7 weeks ;-3. 3d Wed. May, 2 weeks.

1. Wed. preceding 25th Dec., 2 weeks ;-2. 1st Wed. April, 2 weeks; -3. preceding Commencement, 6 weeks.

1. Com., 4 weeks ;-2. Wed. after 4th Wed. Dec. 6 weeks ;-3. 3d Wed. May, 8 weeks.

1. Com., 4 weeks;-2. 4th Wed. Dec., 6 weeks ;-3. 2d Wed. May, 3 weeks.

1. Com., 4 weeks ;-2. last Friday in Dec., 6 weeks ;-3. 2d Friday in May, 3 weeks.

1. Com., 6 weeks;-2. 2d Wed. Jan., 2 weeks ;-3. 1st Wed. May, 4 weeks.

1. Com., 6 weeks ;-2. Thurs. before Christmas, 2 weeks ;-3. Thursday before 20 April, 3 weeks.

1. Com. to the 1st Monday in October.

1. Com., 7 weeks ;-2. in Dec. 3 or 4 weeks ;-3. in April, 3 weeks.
1. Com., 6 weeks;-2. 2d Wed. Jan., 3 weeks ;-3. 2d Wed. May, 4

weeks.

1. Com., 5 weeks ;-2. at Christmas and New Year, 2 weeks ;-3. in April, 3 weeks.

1. Com., 6 weeks ;-2. 1st Thurs. after 2d Tues. April, 6 weeks. 1. Com. to Sept. 15;-2. Dec. 21 to Jan. 73-3. April 7 to May 1. 1. Com., 6 weeks;-2. 2 weeks ;-3. 2 weeks.

1. In Sept. and Oct., 5 weeks ;-2. in April and May 5 weeks.

1. Month of October ;-2. Month of May.

1. Com., 6 weeks;-2. Dec. 25th to Jan 15.

1. Month of October ;-2. Month of May.
1. July and August.

1. Com. to 2d Mond. Sept. ;-2. Dec. 24 to Jan. 2. ;-3. Wed. before
Easter to 1st Wed. after.

1. Com. to the 15th August.

1. Com. to 2d Wed. Jan. ;-2. 2d Wed. June to 2d July..

1. Com. to the last Monday in October.

1. Month of October ;-2. Month of May.

1. Com. to 3d Wed. May;-2. 3d Wed. Oct. to 3d Wed. Nov.
1. July 20 to September 1.

1. Com., 6 weeks ;-2. Dec. 15, 4 weeks.

1. Month of December ;-2. in April, 3 weeks.

1. July 1 to the 1st Monday in October.

1. Com., 1 week ;-2. Wed. before 2d Mond. Nov. to Jan. 1;-3. April 1 to April 15.

1. 4th Wednesday in July to 1st Wednesday in October.

1. Com., 5 weeks ;-2. 3d Wed. March, 5 weeks.

1. Com., 5 1-2 weeks;-2. 1st Wed. April, 5 1-2 weeks.

1. Com., 4 weeks:-2. 1st Thursday April, 4 weeks.

1. Com. to 1st Mond. Nov. ;-2. 2d Mond. March, 6 weeks.

E. Tennessee.
Transylvania.
Centre.

1. Com. to 1st Mond. Sept.;-2. a recess in March.

1. Com. 6 weeks ;-2. in Feb. 21 weeks from 1st vacation, 4 weeks.
1. Com. to the last day of October.

Augusta.
Cumberland.
St. Joseph's.
University of Ohio. 1. Com., 6 weeks ;-2. 2d Tues. April, 4 weeks.
Miami.

1. 1st August till 15th September.

1. Com. to 1st Mo. Nov.;-2. last Wed. March to 1st Monday in May. Western Reserve. 1. Com., 5 weeks ;-2. 2d Wed. Jan., 2 weeks. Indiana. 1. Month of May ;-2. Month of October.

EXPLANATION. Vacations of Bowdoin College; 1st, from Commencement, 3 weeks;-2d, from the Friday after the 3d Wednesday in December, 8 weeks;-3d, from the Friday after the 3d Wednesday in May, 2 weeks.

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