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eighteen years ago to act as Reader to a petent to do so. They are explained to us at firm of publishers. Here he discovered every step. The tiresome mechanism of the many authors and gave abundant examples Philosopher and the Pilgrim's Scrip is based of generosity and insight. Miss Olive on this assumption. His much-abused obSchreiner's 'Story of an African Farm' scurity, which is really not very serious and passed through his hands, and the late consists chiefly in failing to be off with the George Gissing and Thomas Hardy both re- old metaphor before he is on with the new, called personal interviews with the literary is in fact less exasperating than his habit of adviser of handsome presence, upon whom over-explanation. If the elucidations were they called.”

omitted, his books would not be nearly so obscure. And if he did not assert his own

superhuman cleverness, we should all admit CURRENT LITERARY TOPICS.

it on our knees. — Emily James Putnam, in

Putnam's Magazine for July. George Meredith's Defects. The real

Studying the Dictionary.-“When I wish trouble is, his style. In all matters that can to be really well educated," the A. B. lady be classed under the head of style, there is declared, “I shall be cast away on a desert no doubt that Meredith's errors are due to island with a standard Unabridged Dictionperversity, to the misuse of the very great- ary. And I shall stay there till I have read est ability. No one has ever questioned his it ALL! Think how much I'll learn - sciability to say anything he likes, in any way ence and philosophy, and more French and he likes. He is a highly cultivated writer, German phrases than I have at my tongue's aware of the associative value of every word

end now. And geography – and my own he uses.

He is alive to the literal meaning language - I'll have a bigger vocabulary of words tarı ned and defaced by vulgar than any author. And as for literature use. He has the genius of phrases, a natural

do you realize how many quotations there distinction. The Essay on Comedy” is

are in a dictionary ? More than you could written in a style that it would be hard to

find in a whole system of anthologies. imagine bettered — straightforward, pointed, “They make fun of the idea of a walking and close-wrought. There are innumerable

dictionary. I tell you a woman who really passages in the novels that are not to be sur

was that would n't need to be signing equalpassed in our language.


teachers' petitions !” – New York It is clear, then, that if he does not write Times. always in this excellent way, it is because he takes the license that great power is apt to

LITERARY ARTICLES IN PERIODICALS, take in English, and that, like Shakespeare, and Richardson, and Sterne, and Scott, and

[ For the convenience of readers The WRITER will Carlyle, and Dickens, he writes to please

send a copy of any magazine mentioned in the fol. himself. To this license are due his habit

lowing reference list on receipt of the amount given of irrelevant excursus, of indifference to the in parenthesis following the

- the

being in each case the price of the periodical with question of precedence as between cart and

three cents postage added. Unless a price is given, the horse, of expatiation on the obvious and

periodical must be ordered from the publication neglect of the necessary. Meredith's dic- office. Readers who send to the publishers of the tion, though often peccant, is not the worst periodicals indexed for copies containing the articles

mentioned in the list will confer a favor if they will of his style. Its most irritating quality is

mention The Writer when they write. ) the constant assumption that he is immeasurably cleverer than anybody else. THE BOYHOOD OF JOHN HAY. With portraits.

A. The human heart has no secrets from him. S. Chapman. Century ( 38 c. ) for July.

MARK TWAIN ON BACON-SHAKESPEARE. The Spirit of Comedy has made him her con


Study, Harper's Magazine ( 38 c. ) for July. fidant. We are not left to judge his charac

GEORGE MEREDITH. With portrait. Emily James ters by their acts because we are incom

Putnam. Putnam's Magazine ( 28 c.) for July.





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THE FORTIFYING PRINCIPLE IN SWINBURNE. Louise Collier Willcox. North American Review ( 38 c.) for July. THE FICTION

OF EDEN PHILLPOTTS. W. D. Howells. North American Review ( 38 c. ) for July. THE LONG ARM

COINCIDENCE. Brander Matthews. Forum ( 28 c. ) for July.

GEORGE MEREDITH. Edward Clark Marsh. Bookman for July.

Two PERSONAL GLIMPSES OF MEREDITH. Chalmers Roberts. World's Work for July.

ART IN WILD BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY. William L. Finley. Country Life in America for July.

OLIVER WENDELL Holmes. Illustrated. Edward Everett Hale. American Monthly Review of Reviews ( 28 c. ) for July.

DR. Hale's Busy Career. George Perry Morris. American Monthly Review of Reviews ( 28 c.) for July.

DR. EDWARD EVERETT Hale. With portrait. American Monthly Review of Reviews ( 28 c. ) for July.

“ UP BUXTON WAY.” Kate Douglas Wigoin reads “ Susanna and Sue” to the neighbors. Illustrated. Stuart Patterson. Woman's Home Companion ( 18 c. ) for July.

F. MARION CRAWFORD AND His HOME LIFE AT SORRENTO. Horace Thompson Carpenter. Munsey's for July.

The Comic JOURNALS OF EUROPE. Lenore Van der Veer. Bohemian for July. GEORGE MEREDITH. With portrait.

May Sinclair. Author ( London ) ( 18 c. ) for June.

NEWSPAPERS IN CHINA. Cimon T. Z. Tyau. Inter. national for July.

High STANDARD OF PREPARATION FOR JOURNALISM. National Printer Journalist ( 23 c.) for July.

KIRK MUNROE. With portrait. Alice May Douglas. Zion's Herald for June 9.

DR. EDWARD EVERETT Hale. With portrait. Zion's Herald for June 16.

EDWARD EVERETT HALE. With portrait. Christian Register ( 9 c. ) for June 17.

GEORGE MEREDITH, NOVELIST. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) for June 19.

EDWARD EVERETT HALE. Thomas Wentworth Higginson. Outlook ( 8 c. ) for June 19.

GEORGE MEREDITH. May Sinclair. Outlook (8 c. ) for June 19.

COLONEL A. K. McClure. With portrait. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) for June 19.

EDWARD EVERETT HALE. With frontispiece por. trait. Harper's Weekly ( 13 c.) for June 19.

LONGFELLOW AS A CITIZEN. With photograph of statue. Bliss Perry. Outlook ( 18 c. ) for June 26. LONGFELLOW

PoET. Hamilton W. Mabie. Outlook ( 18 c.) for June 26.

Henry Meade Bland, a teacher in the state normal school of San José, Calif., and Herbert Bashford have received from Joaquin Miller an acre of land each, and expect to build cottages near the poet's home at Fruitvale. Miller plans to establish a colony of poets and conduct a school of poetry.

J. A. Hammerton's new book, George Meredith in Anecdote and Criticism," a companion volume to his “ Stevensoniana,” was begun six or seven years ago, and was originally intended as a souvenir of Meredith's eightieth birthday.. The London Nation

that, owing to the earnest wishes of George Meredith, no official biography will be undertaken, though Edward Clodd will write a series of articles giving his recollections of the table-talk and characteristic sayings of his old friend. Meredith's wishes were once expressed to Mr. Clodd in a letter : "In this matter of letters I treat my friends as I wish they should treat me, and reserve not one for the public man. Horribly will I haunt the man who writes a memoir of me."

Theodore Watts-Dunton, to whom Swinburne left his entire estate, including copyright in all published or unpublished writings, will prepare the poet's official biography. Swinburne left estate valued at more than $100,000. The estates left by some other poets in recent years have been

follows : Lord Tennyson, $285,000 ; Robert Browning, $95,000 ; Matthew Arnold, $5,000 ; Frederick Locker Lampson, $152,000 ; Coventry Patmore, $45,000 ; William Morris, $225,000. George Meredith's estate amounted to $161,500.

Edmund Gosse's · Swinburne: Personal Recollections," which appears in the Fortnightly, is a striking account of the physical and mental characteristics of the poet, with whom Mr. Gosse was on terms of intimate friendship for more than a third of a century. Ernest Rhys contributes

notes Meredith to the English Review, and is glad to find that Meredith, like Swinburne, is not buried in Westminster Abbey, since the Abbey, he says, “honors no great men in these days,” but is becoming “the resting place of mediocrity."







The author of “ The Inner Shrine" is Basil King, who for ten years was rector of Christ church in Cambridge, and who since 1900 has been devoting himself to a professional career of letters.


Modern English, Its History and Use," The New York World offers a prize of by George Philip Krapp, formerly adjunct $500 for the best scenario or 2,000-word story professor of English in Columbia University, outlining a serious play of modern life in now head of the English department, Uni- which the leading character is a woman, and versity of Cincinnati, has been published by also guarantees for the play resulting from the Scribners.

such a scenario a professional production Hon. John Bigelow, who was born in under the direction of Henry B. Harris at a 1817, has written three volumes of

“ Retro

first-class New York theatre and within one spections of an Active Life." They will be year from the close of the competition. In published by the Baker & Taylor Company

addition to the cash prize, the author of the in October.

best scenario will receive a royalty on the A new book to be published soon in Eng

gross weekly box-office receipts of the play, land under the title “ Byron; the Last

to be paid under the following provisos : Phase,” will, it is expected, absolutely settle

(1) The author of the best scenario will the Byron controversy that has been going

be allowed ninety days dating from the close

of the contest in which to convert his or her on for some ninety years or more. The author is Richard Edgcumbe, who has long

scenario into an acting play. If, in the opin

ion been well known as a Byron enthusiast.

of the judges of the contest, this

play shall be of a proper standard of excelIn a forthcoming work on “ Sources of

lence, the entire royalty will be paid to its the Decameron," A. C. Lee undertakes a

author weekly, according to the following survey of the whole field of mediaeval story

scale : Four per cent. of the first $4,000 paid telling, dealing especially with originals,

into the box-office, five per cent. of the next analogues, and parallels of Boccaccio's tales.

$3,000, and seven and one-half per cent. of The concordance to Wordsworth, the

all receipts over $7,000. (2) If, however, work of Professor Lane Cooper, of Cornell,

the judges decide that the author's own play is nearly ready for publication. Professor

is not adequately worked out from his Cooper has had several assistants, and has

scenario, a competent professional playlabored under the auspices of the Concor

wright will be engaged by the judges to put dance Society.

the scenario into proper acting form, and The next Carlyle book is to be one by the royalty will be divided equally. between Professor Archibald, of Brown University. the playwright and the author of the winIt will deal with Margaret Gordon Carlyle's ning scenario. Five prizes of $100 each will first love. It has been thought that this be awarded to the authors of the five next lady was the original of Blumine, but this best scenarios. These five plots will be is not a known fact.

placed at the disposal of Mr. Harris, who Professor Brander Matthews, who holds will have the privilege of selecting one or the chair of dramatic literature in Columbia, all of them for production by direct arrangeis preparing a book giving in brief compass ment with their authors under the same fundamental facts needed by a student of terms govern the production of the dramatic literature.

scenario winning the $500 prize. The World The late François Coppée left among his

does not, however, guarantee the production of

these five additional prize-winning manuscripts a volume of memoirs which will probably be published in fall.

scenarios. Manuscripts must be typewritten, Another French autobiography announced

and must not exceed 2,000 words in length. for early publication is that of M. Camille The competition will close at noon October Flammarion.

14, 1909. All manuscripts must be addressed A new book on Jane Austen is to be pub

to Scenario Editor, The World, P. O. Box lished next season. It is written by W. H. 1354, New York, who will give further parHelen, the author of "Aspects of Balzac." ticulars on application.


The American School Peace League offers two sets of three prizes of seventy-five, fifty, and twenty-five dollars for the three best essays on subjects connected with the peace movement. One set of prizes is open to seniors in the normal schools of the United States, the other to seniors in the preparatory schools. The contest will close March 1, 1910. Further information will be given by Mrs. Fannie Fern Andrews, 405 Marlboro street, Boston.

Sir Henry M. Stanley's autobiography is announced for publication in September by Sampson, Low, Marston, & Co.

The American Home Economics Association, which is to be incorporated in New York, will publish a magazine called the Journal of Home Economics.

The Progress Magazine, published in Columbus, O., has taken over and consolidated with it the Ohio Magazine.

The name of the American Historical Magazine is changed to Americana with the July issue. Mrs. Florence Hull Winterburn is the new editor.

The receivers of the bankrupt Outing Publishing Company have sold the Outing Magazine to Thomas H. Blodgett, the Chicago advertising agent of the magazine, for $30,000. This magazine was considered to be the chief asset of the Outing Publishing Company. It was appraised by the receivers at $50,000. Mr. Blodgett will continue the publication of the magazine.

Forrest Crissey has become editorial director of the Currier Publishing Company, of Chicago, which issues the Woman's World. In carrying out his editorial policies he will have the assistance of Byron Williams, now editor of the publication, which claims more than 2,000,000 circulation.

With the June issue the Progress Magazine, published from the Rand-McNally building in Chicago, entered the general popular magazine field, and hereafter “will contain much matter of vital interest for both the man and woman who are really anxious to take advantage of their natural talents, abilities, and opportunities."

Miss . Lilian Dynevor Rice will be the editor of the Housewife, beginning with the September issue. Miss Rice was the editor of the Designer for ten years, and later succeeded Charles Dwyer as editor of the Delineator.

Judge Ray, of the United States court, has given the Outing Publishing Company receivers permission to sell the Bohemian Magazine to Theodore Dresser, of New York, for $1,000 after the August number has been published.

Uncle Sam's Magazine (New York) wants “stories of the plains, of the hills, of the woods, of the sea ; stories that breathe true masculinity and true femininity ; stories of man's courage and woman's tenderness ; of sublime sacrifice and primal passions." It is also in the market for humor, verses, and short poems.

The home of Joel Chandler Harris, fifteen minutes' ride from the heart of Atlanta, to which he gave the name "The Sigp of the Wren's Nest," and the four or five acres connected with it, which he called "Snap Bean Farm,” are to be made a public park and playground, as a memorial to the author of “Uncle Remus." For this purpose $30,000 will be required, and contributions are solicited by the Uncle Remus Memorial Association of Atlanta.

Colonel Alexander K. McClure died at Wallingford, Penn., June 6, aged eighty-one.

Miss Adeline Knapp died in San Francisco June 7, aged forty-nine.

Rev. Edward Everett Hale, D. D., died in Roxbury, Mass., June 10, aged eighty

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Jacob M. Gordin, “the Jewish Shakspere," died in Brooklyn June 11, aged fortysix.

Mrs. Frances Boyd Calhoun died at Covington, Tenn., June 12, aged forty-two.

Louis Prang died at Los Angeles, Calif., June 15, aged eighty-five.

Dana Estes died in Brookline, Mass., June 16, aged sixty-nine.

Sarah Orne Jewett died at South Berwick, Me., June 24, aged fifty-nine.


Vol. XXI.


No. 8.



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113 A Lapse OF MARK TWAIN'S. Julia Lawrence Shafter.


116 Encouragement for Young Writers, 116 —

New York Herald Short-Story Contest . THE EDITOR AND HIS AUDIENCE. “W. T. L.117 WRITERS OF THE DAY

118 Mazie V. Caruthers, 118 — · Howard R. Garis, 119 - Elsie Casseigne King,

119 — Maude Woodruff Newell,

119 —

- Charlotte Louise
Rudyard, 119 – Ernestine Winchell

Robert Browning, 120 - Hall Caine, 120 —
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 120 — Marion Craw-
ford, 120 — “ Laurence Hope," I21 - Walt


Suggestions for Newspaper Writers, 123 —
Edward Everett Hale's Style, 123 - Are Let-
ters Copyright ? 123 — Hints About Play-
writing, 124 — Earnings of Novelists To-Day,
124 — Rules for Fiction Writers, 125 -

5 --- The Poet's Work, 126 — Objectionable Words and Phrases, 126 - The Record Price for Verse, 126 — Play-writing and Writing Novels





But the poet who sings of love -
“My dream of life, from morn till night,

Was love, still love" and the novelist who tells us about love – its blissful beginning, its crosses, and its final triumph or despair, sound the same string in very different ways.

In general, the poet treats of love in the abstract. Love, in the poet's uses, is a spiritual experience, an inward passion, a mighty emotional throb of the human heart. The novelist treats of love in the concrete. With him love is not the divine element that lights the poet's verse. It is rather a curious compound, fit for minutely scientific analysis. With the novelist, environment, circumstance, character, and passing incidents act upon the nature of love and change its color and intensity.

In a poem which, like Tennyson's “ Lady Clare," has almost as much plot as a novel, the treatment of the love-theme is so simple and ingenuous that it is only because the music of the verse and the daring of the conception bewitch us that we accept the recital as probable at all. Again, in a ba'lad like “ Young Lochinvar,” the mainspring of action is a love that dares almost bey ind probability. Love has a vauntingness in poetry which it scarcely attains to in a novelist's treatment of the theme. Witness the Bedouin lover's vaunt of A love that shall not die

Till he sun grows cold,
And the stars are old,
And the leaves of the Judgment Book unfold !”

Perhaps the psychological manifestation of love is best brought out in a sonnet series like Shakspere's or the “Sonnets from the Portuguese," presenting, as they do, first one and then another phase of love as it reveals itself in the human heart. But the cir




All the poets — the great men and also the small men, whom we call minor poets — have written of love. Love is the central theme of most novels, too, whether mediaeval or modern in setting. The story may describe battles, stag-hunts, or ecclesiastical pomps ; it may treat of touring cars, bridge whist, the stock market, or party politics. No matter what sort of a world the story shows us, 'tis love makes that world go round.

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