Lapas attēli



no return

Ditio up,

sent down the Chemung, Oswego and tolls al the offices noticed in the margin, by || advantages for business which Oswego Crooked Lake Canals, in 1835, and paid i returns made to the Comptroller's office.

possesses, are becoming more justly appreTolls on Erie Gains above ex

ciated. It requires not the gift of prophecy Offices Feet lumber. M. shingles. Feet timber. No. of siaves. Canal. penses & reprs. to foretel with accuracy its destiny. It At Horse Heads 11,692,761 8,119

9,467 1,463,903

will within ten years become, if not the Havana 3,951,832 8,939 91, 101 415,301 $25,009.57

second, at least the third city of the Empire

State. 15,62 1,593 17,139

100,869 /

1,833,207 Deduct this sum from tolls produced on the Erie Canal, being the amount charged by the Comptroller's Report to the general fund, as deficiency in this canal, and as a bur

The following statistics of the trade and then on the Erie Canal.


commerce of Oswego, are derived, as the

$1,168.28 reader will perceire, from the most authentLumber on the Oswego Canal. Oswego 8,692,742

tic sources. 9 106,577 1,166,908

The results speak for themSalina 11,336, 444 290 242,232 791,031


selves. They show, both in the extent of

its trade and the rapidity of its substantial 120,019,186

318,806 i 1,957,939 Deficiency of this canal per Comptroller's Report.

growth, that it is destined to be one of the 9,023.24

19,594.84 largest of the great cities of the Lakes. Lumberon the Crooked Lake Canal

Statement of the principal items of busiPen Yan 3,109,103 3,5717 734,265 975,614

ness at Oswego, during the year 1835, Dresden

14,800 28,142.71

through the Oswego Canal and Lake On.

733,265 990, 114
Def. on this canal, by Compt.'s Rep. to pay expenses, &c.

8,243.35 19,899.36

Received by way of the Canal. 810,662.48 Merchandise for the country about Lake Ontario,

5,997 tons Totul amount, 840,662.43 added to the

That the total productions of the forest||“ tolls of the Erie Canal, on lumber alone, the were

Upper Lakes, 4,041 344,863 tons

10,038 tons greatest pari of which, from its balk uculd

Whilst all other arnever have reached the Erie Canal, but forticles of transportation

Salt for the country these lateral canals. To the above amountdown, were


about Lake Ontario, 55,596 bbls. of rolls, may be added a larger sum, derived


" Upper Lakes, 82,020 from flour, wheat and potash, exchanged


137,616 bbls. for merchandise, &c.-the trade in which,

Water Lime,

5,231 is promoted by facilities for transportation. Tons,


1,150 tons Villages springing up at the termination of

Pig Iron,
And this year's report of the Comptroller

19,972 lbs. these canals, as if by magic, whilst the city of New York and the River Counties will show the increase of business in the

Received by way of the Lake. receive from these canals their millions on produce from the forest arriving at the Hud- | Wheat from the Canada shore of Lake Onmillions of lumber to supply the yearly in. son in 1835, to be 153,315 tons; the actual tario,

109,381 bushels creasing demand for this all important ar-lamount, as far as ascertained by the American shore, 239,990 ticle. The amount of rolls to support so Comptroller's table equals 493,178 tons ! Upper Lakes, 275,362 inporiant a canal as the Black River Canal for the year 1835—[see table below]-an

624,733bush. Feeder, should noi be considered one mo. amount greater in dead weight, than was ment, when it is taken into consideration carried 10, and exported from the port of Shipped by way of the Canal. the immense forests of timber, iron ore,l. New York, by all the American and foreign


76,437 bushels copperas and alum that it will Acat 10 vessels which entered at and cleared from that


137,959 bbls. market-to increase and add to the taxable port during the year 1833. For proof see

6,049 bbls. wealth of the city and the State of New.the official repori of the Collecior of New

62,473 lbs. York, and tables, Railroad Journal of the York. 10th January, 1835.


12,894 bushels

ALBANY. The Os vego Caual should be credired by


733,479 lbs. the State, bui omitted in the Compiroller's Table showing the increase of lumber in 1335.

Butter and Lard,

711,823 lbs. repori, with the immense amount of cord which arrived at the Hudson, compared

1,406 bbls. woodit floats free of toll to sustain and keep with 1934:

Red Cedar Posts, 78,271 pieces up the salt works at Syracuse and Salina.

Pig Iron,

495 tons They could not be profitably sustained with.


Whiskey, out the Oswego Canal. When we view boards and

2,434 casks 107,747,900 feet 181,016 tons tie actual neit toll paid into the cinal funi 'scantling,

Boards & Scantling, 8,814,581 feet from all our canals, we find it abuve one Sq. timber,


106,574 feet million of dollars, and is eleven per cent.

cubic feei,
1,440,515 “ 28,810 "

2,266,908 pieces nett on the cost of the canals, and we add, Staves, 55,351,800 •

32,676 « Bran and Ship Stuffs, 116,450 bushels is proluced by these canals and from tolls Shingles, M. 34,045

Tonnage of vessels owned at the port of derived 9-10; h's-from the soil and forrsts of Wood, cords,

96,642 «

Oswegoour State, and this too, within the short period of ten years, since the Erie Canal has


In 1833 it was 1467 tons, 24 schrs.

1834 2745 been completed. How could this immense


1835 and increasing revenue be produced, but for

5000 60 & 2 atmbts. Boards and lateral canals ? These canals are considered


184,150,600 feet 306,917 tons of 1836, including vessels now building, by many as a burthen to the canal fund,

and ready to be launched, will considerably when the reverse is the fact, and it is grati-l cubic feet,

Sq. timber,
1,495,711 “

exceed 7000 tons, and the number of vesfying to find that the Comptroller is conSiaves,

sels be about 85.

99,549,100“ 49,774 " tinuing to perfect his statistical informa

Shingles, M.

8,568 « tion by tables, which will show the trade

Report of transactions at the customto and from all the important points and Wood, cords, 36,791 103,015 "

house, at Oswego, from the 1st of April to districts on our canals.

ihe 1st of November, 1835.

Produce of the forest, 498,178 tons American vessels entered from foreign That the Black River Canal feeder (fir Increase,

153,315 5

20,871 tons this is its proper name) is indispensable to supply the enlarged canal with water, will

ports of the U. States, 58,170 pay to the State a full and liberal interest on

The following article from the Albany

Foreign vessels entered from its cost from lumber alone, no one can doubt

foreign ports,

65,208 when the singular fact is noted, by the Argus gives a glowing yet true picture Comptroller's report of January, 1835. of the business of Oswego. The great Total amt. of tonnage entered, 153,249

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34,515 “

39 "

29,914 «

51, 261 "

do. foreign ports,

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Mayor and City Council for aid to said made, is eminently favorable for the pur. Charlestown Post road to the Susquehanna

pose of a Railroad.

American vessels cleared for

shall be pledged to prosecute it to comple- || Excepting that which occurs at the deparports of U.S. 62,021 Lion-Therefore,

ture from Wilmington, which has a radius 25,873

Resolved, by the Mayor and City Coun- of 1500 feet and two others of 2000 feet Foreign vessels cleared

cil of Baltimore, That it is expedient that each, there is not a curve on the whole for foreign ports, 65,016

the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad be com-road, which has a less radius than one

152,910 pleted to the (hio river as soon as practi- | mile. A great portion of it also is an enTotal foreign and domestic

cable--and that the Mayor and City tire level; the highest grade, which is in entries and clearances,

306,159 Council of Baltimore are willing to pledge Maryland, between the Little Elk and

the faith of the city to the accomplishment North East, and which is but a short disAmount of duties collected, $35,649 02 of this all-important object, to any amount | tance in an ascending and descending line, Comparative statement of the business in the required by the property-holders within the does not exceed thirty-five feet in the mile. ✓ principal articles at the port of Oswego, in city, [upon such conditions, and under The character of the soil or earth has like. the years 1834 and 1835: such circumstances as may be deemed pro- wise proved highly favorable: no quick

sands have been encountered and but a Received by the Canal at Oswego, for per.]*

Resolved, That the Mayor be requested small quantity of rock at one point of the the country about Lake Ontario, in 1834, 4,197 tons merchandise; in 1835, 5,428 ble and resolution to each of the Senators

to forward a copy of the preceding preain-road. tons increase, 1,231 or 27 per ct.;-in

During the six months in which the

work has been proceeding, nearly two-thirds 1834, 44,822 bbls. salt; in 1835, 55,596 and Delegates from this city.

The ayes and noes being called for, ap- of the excavation from Wilmington to the bbls.-increase, 10,774 or 24 per ct.

line of the State of Maryland, has been Received by the Canal at Oswego, for peared as follows: the Upper Lakes, in 1834, 871 tons mer Fenby, Stansbury, Thomas, Yeates, Le from the Maryland line to Charlestown.

Ayes—Messrs. President, Monmonier, completed ; and more than one-half of that, chandise ; in 1835, 4,041 tons-increase, grand, Harker, Seldenstricker, Barnes, Ma. The whole amount of excavation in the 3,170 or 500 per 'ct.;-in 1834, 61,604 thiot, Tenafield, Scott, Gardner, Fosbenner. State of Delaware is 630,000 cubic yards, bbls

. salt; in 1835, 82,020 bbls.—increase, Dryden, Russell, Coskerry, King, Wm. J. of which about 400,000 yards have been 20,416 vr 33 1-3 per ct.

done. The whole amount in Maryland to Received by the Lakes, from the shores Cole, Ball

, McKinnell.
Nay~Mr. Wm. H. Cole.

Charlestown, is about 950,000 cubic yards, of Lake Ontario, in 1834, 241,760 bushels

of which about 500,000 yards have been wheat; in 1835, 349,371 bushels-in

done. crease, 107,611 or 40 per ct.

We have selected from the following
Received by the Lakes, from the Upper Report such portions as contain descrip.early period, that the bridges and culverts

It was determined by the Directors at an Lakes, in 1834, 219,868 bushels wheat;tions of the route and mode of construction, between Wilmington and the waters of the in 1835, 275,362 bushels—increase, 55,494

-it being the first official publication of Susquehanna, should be constructed of or 25 per ct. Shipped by the Canal in 1834, very lit-lhe Company.

solid masonry; that being a part of the tle wheat; in 1835, 76,437 bushels

continuous route from Philadelphia 10 Balincrease, 76,437 bush. ;-in 1834, 112,023


timore, where, in case of any disaster oc. bbls. flour ; in 1835, 137,959 bbls.-in

curring to a bridge, no aid could be dirived

from steamboats while the necessary recrease, 25,936 or 23 per ct.

This being the First Annual meeting of pairs were making. Upon this consideraNotwithstanding two mills of 10 he Stockholders of this Company since its runs of stones were burnt in the early part organization, the Directors, in compliance Directors, to encounter the expense of con

tion, it was unanimously resolved by the of the grinding season.

with the provisions of the charter, present structing the bridges of such permanent The population of the county of Oswer to you a statement of their proceedings up and durable materials, as would secure go at the late census, was 38,245-being to ihe present time. an increase in five years of 11,401, or about

The unity of design'and of interest which them, so far as hunian prudence could do, 45 per cent.; and within the same period exists between the Wilmington and Sus: against the possibility of such contingenthe population of the village of Oswego quehanna Railroad Company and the Del. have been completed along the whole route,

The greater number of the culverts has more than doubled, being at the pre- aware and Maryland Railroad Company, with the exception of the coping. All the sent time, nearly if not quite 6000.

renders it necessary for the purpose of a bridges, except that over the White Clay

complete understanding of the object of Creek, which has not yet been commenced,
From the Baltimore Gazoute.
this report, that they should be treated

are far advanced towards completion. BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD.

here as being, in fact, one and the same The following preamble and resolutions, Company.

With a view to the important object of a passed in the first branch of the City

The two Companies were organized by continuous line of Railroad from the city of Council yesterday with but one negative, the election of their Directors and Officers Philadelphia to Baltimore, the Directors plainly indicated the favor with which this in April last. No time was lost in the se

early in the last summer, opened a corresgreat and important work, so necessary to lection of a competent Engineer and Aspondence with the Directors of the Baltithe prosperity of this city, is viewed by the sistants; and in the final location of the more and Port Deposite Railroad Comimmediate representatives of the people of route from Wilmington to Charlestown, in pany, for the purpose of obtaining a defnite Baltimore and will remove all doubt, if the State of Maryland. In the month of

understanding as to the intentions of that any were entertained, as to their willing. June the contracts were made for grading Company in relation to the location of their ness to respond to the desire of their con- the road and for the construction of the road; and having received official informastituents. [Chron.] bridges and culverts. In the beginning of

tion from them, that their road would be 24th Mr. Barnes submitted the following pre- along the whole line, and have proceeded Grace, the Directors thereupon resolved to Mr. Barnes submitted the following pre- July, the contractors commenced operations brought to the Susquehanna at Havre de Whereas, The early completion of the with great industry and despatch, and extend this road from the termination of its without intermission, except in relation to

first location near Charlestown, to the SusBaltimore and Ohio Railroad to the waters the masonry, which has necessarily been quehanna Ferry opposite Havre de Grace, of the Ohio is deerned essential to the pros

and thus connect it with the Baltimore and perity of Baltimore, and a large number of suspended by the approach of winter.

The ground upon which the location is

Port Deposite Railroad. They accordingly

the route from work, expressing their conviction of the . The greater portion necessity of prompt, liberal and energetic of it is so nearly in a straight line, that the Ferry, which was completed in the month measures on the part of the city authorities few curves in it are scarcely perceptible. of September, and the location fixed at a

grade which no where exceeds twenty-four in support of said road and their willing.

* The words in brackets were added, on motion of feet in the mile. This extended portion of ness and desire that the faith of the city i) Mr. Harker.

the road, which is 5 16-100 miles in length,


has been divided into three sections which ||blished and prosecuted in Wilmington. A travel. A Railroad from New Orleans 10 have been let, for grading and masonry, to careful examination by a committee of the Nashville in Tennessee, is in progress: contractors, of whom the Directors can | board, on the various Railroads from Wash | its connection with Baltimore, through the speak from former experience, as fully comington to Lowell, has been made, and such valley of Virginia, crossing the contempetent to perform the work judiciously. information obtained as will enable the Di| plated Railway from Charleston to Cin. The contractors have commenced the work | rectors to make a judicious selection in re-cinnati, and intersecting the Baltimore on one of the sections, and the Directors en-ference to comfort, safety and convenience, and Ohio Railway at Harper's Ferry, tertain a confident belief, that the whole on this point.

may confidently be anticipated. When work will be completed in time to lay down The report of the Treasurer of the Wil-these splendid undertakings shall be realthe rails by the month of August next.||mington and Susquehanna Railroad Com-lized, who can overlook or set limits to The communication across the Susque-pany now submitted to you will show the the value and importance of this, the only hanna will be secured by adequate struc- details of receipts and disbursements, in available link in the great chain of intertures on each bank of the river, and a steam this company since its organization. The course between Baltimore and Philadeiferry boat so constructed as to render the capital stock authorized by the charter is Phia ? passage perfectly and easily practicable in $100,000 : of this sum $240,000 have been In behalf of the Directors, winter as well as summer. The expense called in, and $167,027 14 have been dis

James Canby, President. of these structures and facilities will be bursed. The capital stock of the Delaware Wilmington and Susquehanna equally divided between the companies on and Maryland Railroad Company is also

Railroad Office, Jan. 11, 1936. each side of the river. This extension of||$400,000; of which $200,000 have been the road will, of course, add a considerable called in, and $143,286 04 have been dis- REPORT OF THE SANDY AND BEAVER CANAL. item to the original estimate of the cost of bursed.

To the President and Directors of their undertaking, but that additional ex The Directors take pleasure in acknow the Sandy and Beaver Canal Co.: pense will be more than justified by the ledging the services of iheir Chief Engineer, Gentlemen :- In compliance with your great importance and value of the object William Strickland, Esq., whose reputation request I have the honor to lay before you which is to be gained.

is too well established throughout the coun- the following Report of the present state of Looking to the same important object of try, to require commendation from them;|| the work under my direction :-an unbroken line of Railroad communica- | of his Assistant, Mr. John C. Trautwine, During the past summer the whole line tion between Philadelphia and Baltimore, and of the superintendant of construction, has been minutely traced, with a view to a the Directors have caused surveys to be Mr. James P. Stabler, to whom the imme- || permanent location; by this survey the made from the depot in Wilmingion to the diate supervision of the work has been con-| total extent of Canal has been reduced 3 line of the State of Pennsylvania, where it fided. The subordinate officers engaged in miles, or the distance from the Ohio river is proposed to form a junction with the the superintendance of the work, are also at the mouth of Little Beaver creek to the Philadelphia and Delaware County Rail- fully entitled to the approbation of the Di-western termination at the Ohio Canal, by road; and they are gratified to have it in rectors.

the recent examination and location will not their power to state, that a very favorable In closing this report, the Directors deemexceed 734 miles. line has been fixed upon between these two it pertinent to refer to those circumstances The Eastern division of the Canal, expoints. The highest grade on the route in the character and position of this road,||tending from the Ohio river to a point 2 will not be more ihan twelve feet in the which hold forth the promise, nay certainty, || miles west of New Lisbon, embraces a dismile, and with the exception of the curve of speedy profit to the stockholders and tance of about 27 miles, of which 17 miles out of Wilinington, there will be none with benefit to the community. In liberality and are "slackwater :" for this description of a less radius than a mile. The route from solidity of construction, it will not be sur-improvement the stream is exceedingly Philadelphia to our Siate line has been sur-| passed by any other Railroad in the Union.well adapted, the valley being narrow and veyed, an! a location fixed upon of easy| Every care has been taken to render if the banks bold and prominent affording execution. The Directors are now await- solid and permanent, and to place its future numerous and eligible sites for the locks ing the action and co-operation of the operations beyond the reach of accident or and dams, and an abundance of good matePennsylvania Company, which, it is un contingency. Its position being on the rials for their formation. derstood, are only delayed by an application great thoroughfare of the country, lying The snmmit or Middle division is about now pending b.iore the Legislature of that almost in a straight line between Philadel 144 miles in extent, and the Western diSiate, for certain amendments to their phia and Baltimore-being the shortest | vision, terminating at the Ohio Canal, about charter.

route, and occupying the most favorable 32 miles. The latter division extends A contract was made in July last with ground that can possibly be selected, it through a country affording the greatest Messrs. A. & G. Ralston, of Philadelphia, must, as a link of the great chain of na- | facilities for constructing a cheap and perfor two thousand tons of iron-bridge rail

, ||tional Railroad running north and south,|| manent improvement; the valley of the the whole of it to be delivered in Wilining-| receive a full and liberal share of the travelcreek is broad and has nearly a uniform deton by the month of May next. The con-||and business on that great channel of in- clivity from its source to its confluence with tract was secured in England, previously ternal intercourse. Looking either to the the Tuscarawas. On the Eastern division 10 the great rise which the extraordinary || north or the south, and to the increase and the lockage is 464 feet, and on the Westdemand for that material has lately pro-||extension of the facilities of travel andern 205, constituting in all 669 feet. In duced in that country. A contract has transportation, by Railroads and Canals, locating the Western division the level has also been made on favorable terins, for a all will be seen to ha a common destina-been kept up from Williams' mill dam to supply of all the cross sills or sleepers re- tion, through Philadelphia on the one side the debouch into the Ohio Canal at the quired for the road. These are to be of red and Baltimore on the other, to this as a fourishing town of Bolivar, by which arcedar and yellow locust, and are to be deli- central and inevitable point. Philadelphia rangement an excellent water power is se, vered at proper points designated along the will soon be connected with the eastern cured to the Company, affording a head route in the courss of next spring. Con-extreme of the Union and with the Lakes and fall of 26 feet: the owners of the protracts have also been made for the construc- | on the north, by an unbroken chain of Rail-perty at the site selected for using the water tion of four locomotive engines-viz: three roads and Canals. Baltimore is connecting have liberally ceded to the Company 10 from M. W. Baldwin's manufactory in Phi-herself with the west and the south by the acres of very valuable land for that purpose. ladelphia, and one from Bury's manufactory same means. Situated at the head of com- Sandy Creek at that point will yield a sufin England. These engines are to be of merce on the Chesapeake Bay, all the ficiency of water, independent of the requi, the best construction, and ready for opera- great thoroughfares of the south and the site supply for the Canal, at all times to work tion in August next. Arrangemen's are west, centre in that city. The Baltimore 20, and for eight months in the year 50 pair made for obtaining, in due season, a suil. and Ohio Railroad, now completed 10 Har-lof mill-stones. This power may reasonably able number of passenger cars; a branch per's Ferry on the Potomac, with one be estimated as worth $6000 per annum. of business which, as well as the manu- branch to Frederick and another to Wash-Many other valuable sites for hydraulic facture of locomotive engines, the Directorsington, already draws within its sphere the purposes have been created or purchased anticipate will be advantugeously esta-"great mass of southern and southwestern" along the route, which, in conjunction with

the one above mentioned, will probably ||of water may be introduced into the sum-|| section of the country is now to a great afford the Company a revenue of $7000 permit and its dependent levels, than will be extent accominodated by the New-York year.

requisite for the transit of the immense improvements, but the completion of the On the Eastern division of the line, 49|| trade that is destined to seek a market | Sandy and Beaver Canal will secure to it sections, or 24 miles of Canal, 13 dams,||through its channel. The reservoirs now a safer transit to and from the seaboard, and 46 locks, are now under contract: on under contract will contain as follows: much shorter, and navigable six weeks the Middle division, 21 sections, or 11 miles, West Fork reservoir, 130,000,000 of cubic in the spring and three later in the fall than including the tunnels and the reservoir || feet; area, 350 acres : Cold Run reservoir, the one now traversed, being sufficient inmounds on the west fork of Little Beaver 88,000,000 of cubic feet; area, 250 acres : ducements to secure it. What the extent Creek and Cold Run: and on the Western in addition to which it is proposed to ele of that trade will be time alone can deve. division 28 sections or 14 miles, 11 locks,|vate the banks of the Canal so as to retain lope. On the Erie and Champlain Canals, ' i dam, and the acqueduct over the Tusca-l one foot in depth of available water, and a very large portion of the business done on rawas river, constituting in all 494 miles of flood several pieces of low ground on its the first of which is derived from the counCanal, 14 dams, 57 locks, one aqueduct

, and northern or upper side, amounting in all to ury above mentioned, there have been retwo reservoir mounds now under contract. || about 150 acres, which, when full

, will ceived in tolls in 1829 $759,055, 1830 The work has been prosecuted in most furnish about 6,500,000 of cubic feet, ma- $1,032,476, 1831 $1,194,610, 1832 $1,cases with energy, and is now in a greater king in the aggregate from these sources | 196,009, 1833 $1,324,421, 1834 $1,292, state of forwardness than could reasonably alone, an available supply of 224,500,000 955, and there is no doubt that the busihave been anticipated, considering that the cubic feet of water, a demand on whichness of this year will very greatly exceed season was far advanced when it was com-|| may be requisite in a dry season for a pe- the last. On the Ohio Canal there was menced. About 34 sections or 17 miles ofriod of 100 days. By calculation it will collected in 1832 $82,867, 1833 $136,920, Canal are now completed, and likewise the be perceived, these reservoirs will afford 1834 $151,287, and the amount of tolls mason work of two locks, and 144,000 cu- for that period 2,245,000 cubic feet of received the present year at some of the bic yards of excavation removed from the water per day, equivalent to a discharge collectors' offices exhibits an increase of summit deep cuts: dam No. 2, on the of 1559 cubic feet per minute. If to this forty-five per cent. over the last. Western division will probably be completed sum is added the minimum natural fiow of When the Canal or Railroad authorised next week.

water on the summit as reported to you by an act of the Legislature of this State at The foundation of 5 other locks and 2 last autumn, (553 cubic feet per minute,) their last session, to be constructed from dams are laid, and 1500 perches of wall it will be observed that the flow of avail. the western termination of the Sandy and built; and a large quantity of stones and able water in a dry period will amount to Beaver Canal to the Miami Canal near other materials for the construction of locks 2117 cubic feet per minute, or sufficient, the mouth of the Auglaise River, shall and dams are prepared and on the ground; after deducting all that the nature of the have been completed, it must add an and I have no doubt all the work now un- soil and climate will require for leakage, immense revenue to your work, as it, in der contract, excepting the tunnels and filtration and evaporation, for the passage connexion with the Wabash and Erie Caaqueduct, will be finished in the approach of 185 boats per day. The West Fork and nal through Indiana, and the contemplaing year.

Cold Run reservoirs are about one mileted Railroad through Illinois to the MisThe work placed under contract is in most apart : when filled, the surface of the water sissippi River, will constitute a continuinstances in ihe hands of responsible and in each will occupy the same plane, or belous chain of Internal Improvement, extendefficient men, and has been taken on terms elevated to the same height: it is designed ing westerly from the Sandy and Beaver Ca. exceedingly favorable to the Company.-- to have a feeder extending from one to the nal 500 miles, and from Philadelphia 1000, There is at the present period on the line a other, so that the surplus water in one can into the rich and fertile regions of the west. force equivalent to 2160 men. The cost be admitted into the other, if required. A The following synopsis of the distance of the locks, which are built in the most large waste weir is to be constructed on the trade of the country situated west and durable manner of cut sandstone, will not this feeder for the purpose of discharging|south-west of the Sandy and Beaver Canal exceed $700 per foot lift, being about 30 the waste water when both reservoirs are would have to travel from the western terper cent. below the ordinary cost elsewhere.full. This water, when thus discharged, || mination of that work, in order to reach a The cost of the dams, which are in most is conducted into the reservoir on ihe suin- market by the various routes now afforded instances 14 feet high, will average about init level. The two first mentioned rescr-| it, or about to be, will fully justify the con$28 per foot linear across the stream; and voirs will receive the drainage of 24 square clusion that it must seek a passage through it. the Canal, exclusive of locks and dams,| miles of country; the summit

, the drainage Distance, by the Ohio Canal, Lake Erie, generally from $3000 to $5000 per mile. Il of 80 square miles. The usual depth of

New-York Canal and Hudson River, to A contract has been entered into for fur- rain that falls in this section of country

Neur-York. nishing the remainder of the hydraulic cecan, I am informed, with safety be premised From the Sandy and Beaver ment; it is found in abundance contiguous at 36 inches per annum, or equal to a co Canal to Cleveland,

80 miles. to the line; the quality is equal to any 1lumn of that height, being 83,635,000|| From Cleveland to Buffalo,

200 have seen, and the cost extremely moderate cubic feet on a square mile, and on 24

From Buffalo to New York, 515 The contract for excavating the tunnel square mile3 2,107,2-14,800 cubic feet anand approaches, has been taken by ener-nually. From experiments made on a

Total, 795 miles. getic and persevering contractors on rea- large scale elsewhere for practical purposes Distance, by the Ohio and Mahoning Casonable terms, the former not exceeding it has been ascertained conclusively, that the estimated cost: this work is to be com- 75 per cent. of the rain that falls can be laid

nals, and Pennsylvania Canal and Rail

road, to Philadelph pleted by May, 1837. As much has been up in reservoirs. From this data it will be

42 miles. stated in relation to the adequacy of the observed, that the three reservoirs above From Bolivar to Akron,

From Akron to Beavertown, 114 supply of water on the summit, it may be alluded to may be filled seven times per

From Beavertown to Pittsburg, 28 proper to remark, that during the past sea-|| year. This exhibit will probably satisfy son I commenced and have continued a ihe most sceptical as to the adequacy of From Pittsburg to Philadelphia, 394 series of minute examinations of the most the supply of water. As to the immensity

Total, 578 miles. prominent streams relied on for a supply : of the trade that will wend its way through those examinations have thus far fully cor- the Sandy and Beaver Canal to an eastern Distance, by the Sandy and Beaver Canal roborated the truth of the statements and market, I believe there has never been sur and Pennsylvania Improvements, to Philcalculations embraced in the report made mised a doubt: a glance at the map will adelphia. you last autumn by Mr. Hage and myself. prove conclusively that a very large portion From Bolivar to Beavertown, 87} miles. I feel fully satisfied, that with the aid of of the produce of Michigan, Illinois, Indi. From Beavertown to Pittsburg, 28 the reservoirs that can be constructed on ana, Kentucky and Ohio, which are rapidly From Pittsburg to Philadelphia, 394 the summit, at a moderate cost compared increasing in population and wealth, must with their utility, a much larger quantity be wasted through it. The business of that


509} miles.










Canals shall have been finished, the tolls the weight in lbs., and one tenth of thell 1.25=4.64, or V 45 X 200=4in. diameter.

From the rapid increase in business on When the load is uniformly distributed over || of the shaft in the first example, whey used the New-York and Ohio Canals, it is to be

the length.

as a shaft of the second niultiplier ?* presumed that when the Sandy and Beaver

3. Rule.-Multiply the length in feet by on the Ohio Canal will at least amount to cube root of the product will be the diame. $400,000 per annum; and from the forego

The following is a table of the diameters ier in inches. ing facts and statements it is to be inferred,

of shafts, being the first movers, or having that two thirds of that trade will pass through When fixed at one end, and the load applied||400 for their multipliers, upon the foregoing the Sandy and Beaver Canal, which would

at the other.

principles. neat the holders of stock in that work, at the

4. RULE.-Multiply the length of projecrate charged on the Ohio Canal, an income tions in feer by the weight in lbs., and the of at least $60,000 the first season.* 16th part of the cube root of this product to this sum is added the amount that may il will be the diameter in inches.* be anticipated from the liberal grant contained in the amended charter,f which canEXAMPLES.—by rule 1

10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 not fall short of $150,000, the Company

S3600 X 13
P=873 873=94 in. dia.

4 5.5 4.8 4.5 4. 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 will receive, in the first year after the work


5 5.9 5.1 4.7 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 is finished, $210,000 in tolls—independent By rule 3—

6 6.3 5.5 5. 4.6 4.4 4.1 4. 3.8 3.7 3.6 from the large business that may be expect

7 6.6 5.8 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.2 4. 3.9 3.7

33600 X 13=4369007436500=7.65 in. 8 6.9 6. ed of the country west and northwest of the

5.5 5.1 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.

9 7.2 6.3 5.7 5.5 5. 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 termination of their work-presenting the


10 7.4 6.6 5.9 5.6 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 novel result of a Canal yielding seventeen

To resist tension or twisting,

12 7.9 6.9 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5. 4.8 4.6 per cent. on its entire cost the first year af

14 8.3 7.2 6.7 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.2 5. 4.7 ter its completion.

It is obvious that the strength of revolv

16 8.7 7.6 7.1 6.6 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5. All which is respectfully submitted. ing shafts are directly as the cubes of their 19 9. 7.9 7.5 7. 6.6 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 E. H. Gill, Chief Engineer diameter and revolutions; and inversely as

20 9.3 9.1 7.4 7.2 6.6 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 S. and B. Canal Co.the resistance they have to overcome.

25 10. 8.5 8. 7.4 7.1 6.8 6.3 6. 5.9 5.6

30 10.7 9.3 9.4 7.9 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.3 New-Lisbon, Ohio, Nov. 11, 1835. Mr. Buchanan, in his Essay on the strength

35 11.4 9.8 9.9 8.4 7.9 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.5 of shafts, gives the following data, deduced 40 11.7 10.5 9.3 9.8 8.3 7.8 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.7 From the Mechanics' Magazine. from several experiments, viz: That the 45 12. 10.6 9.7 9.2 8.7 8.1 7.6 7.4 7. 6.8

50 12.6 11. 10. 9.3 9. 8.5 8. 7.8 7.4 7.3 STRENGTH OF THE JOURNALS OF SHAFTS.Ay-wheel shaft of a 50 horse power engine,

55 13.4 11.4 10.4 9.8 9.1 8.8 8.4 8. 7.5 7.4 Lateral strength. at 50 revolutions per minute, requires to be

60 13.6 12. 10.8 10. 9.3 9. 8.6 8.2 7.7 7.6 Mr. Roberson Buchanan, in his Essay on

7.4 inches diameter; and therefore the cube the strength of shafts,uses the following rule, of this diameter, which is = 421-875, serves

* The diameters of the second movers will be found which is simple enough, and easy to be reas a multiplier to all other shafts in the

by dividing the numbers in the table by 1.25, and the membered: “ The cube root of the weight in

same proportion ; and taking this as a diameters of the third movers by dividing the num. cwis. is nearly equal to the diameter of the standard, it gives the following multipliers, bers by 1:56. viz:

S. A. journal.” “Nearly equal—being prudent to

July 25, 1835.

For the shaft of a steam engine, wamake the journal little more than less, and to make a due allowance for wearing. ter wheel, or any shaft connected with

The following communication was in a first power,

400 EXAMPLES.—What is the diameter of the

hand before the conflagration, and should

For shafis in insides of mills, to drive journal of a water-wheel shaft, 13 feet long,

have appeared in the January number, but

from the confusion into which every thing the weight of the wheel being 15 tons?~ smaller machinery, or connected with

the shafts above,

200 15 X 20=6.7 or 7 inches.

preserved was thrown, gave it the go by. = For the small shafts of a millor ma

We will now give it a place, and commence But the following rules are the most cor-||chinery,


it with the P.S., that we (understanding fully rect, and ought to be used on all occa From the foregoing, the following rule is the importance of the first person,) and our sions : derived, viz:

readers may have the benefit of its reasoning. When the weight is in the middle. The number of horses' power a shaft is

We bespeak for it an attentive perusal, 1. Rule.-Multiply the weight in pounds equal to, is directly as the cube of the dia and shall be gratified to be made the media

1. Rule.—Multiply the weight in pounds meter and number of revolutions; and in- um of communication for answers to the by the length in feet; divide this product versely, as the above multipliers. by 500, and the cube root of the quotient

following queries, as well as of queries from

Note.-Shafts here are understood as the D. F. and others, in relation to any subject will be the diameter in inches. journals of shafts—the bodies of shafts be

proper for this Magazine. When the weight is between the middle anding generally made square. end.

QUERIES RESPECTING VERTICAL AND HORIExample 1.–When the fly.wheel shaft

ZONTAL WHEELS, AND HEATING LARGE 2. Rule.- Multiply the short end by the of a 45 horse power steam engine makes long end; then multiply that product by 90 revolutions per minute, what is the diafour times the weight in lbs. Divide this meter of the journal?

P. S.--If you are in want of a caption for product by 500 times the length in feet, and 45 x 400

the following communication,-as you edithe cube root of the quotient will be the di

=200 200=5,8 inches diameter. tors are fond of a title that will attract atten

90 ameter in inches.

Example 2.—The velocity of a shaft is 80 advantages of the Mechanics' Magazine

tion to an article,-you may head it with “The revolutions per minute, and its diameter is and New-York Farmer.” The propriety * This estimate may seem large, but it must be kept three inches. What is its power?

of which, in a three-fold view, may be thus in mind that the Sandy and Beaver Canal will consti

33 x 80 tute a connecting link between two large and impor

=5.4 horse power.

inferred: If any one is induced by the sugtant works, (the Ohio Cunal and Pennsylvania im.


gestions herein made, to subscribe to your provements) now completed; consequently it has not,

journals, in the hope of benefitting himself like other Canals, w await the growth of business. Example 3.—What will be the diameter in this way, he will probably find his advan

The amended charter secures to the Sandy and Beaver Canal Company all the tolls collected on the

tage in it; if he pays his subscription as he Ohio Canal from boats that have passed through the Sandy and Beaver canal for seven years after its com.

This last does not directly apply to shafts--but it should, your advantage will be apparent; if pletion. may be useful for other purposes.


of your readers answer my questions



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