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From the Genesee Farmer.

process is long and tedious, and the butter|| It is agreed by all good butter makers || injure his neighbor, let him pay

for what he for the most part, of a soft consistence, and unless the milk is entirely taken away, the considers such a privilege ; and when they tough and gluey to the touch. If his pro- batter will infallibly spoil in a short time, are caught trespassing, let the penalty of cess is attempted during the cold weather and if it be much worked the butter will the law in its length and breadth speedly in the winter, butter cau scarcely be in any become tough and glucy, and it should be overtake the depredator. way obtained, unless by the applica-salted as soon as the milk is removed.The o her instance of omission on the tion of some great degree of heat, which

C. V. part of your correspondent to which I have sometimes assists in producing a very

alluded, is in case of an animal that

per. inferior kind or butter.” The judicious

haps cannot be better described than in the farmer should not attempt to imitate

words of the celebrated Lawrence, who is such practice, but allow his cream to re

in his Theory of Life, gives the generic and main in the vessel for keeping it, until it

OMITTED DEPREDATORS, BY OBSERVER.

specific characters thus, viz: “Order, bihas acquired that proper degree of acidity MR. TUCKER—I perceive that a corres-manum (two handed); genus, homo; the That fits it for being made into butter with |pondent of your valuable journal has been species, single, with several varieties : great ease, and by a very moderate degree furnishing you some papers on those beasts, characters, erect stature ; two hands, teeth of agitation; by which process only very birds, and insects, that detract so largely approximated and of equal length; the infine butter can be prepared.

from the profits of the husbandman; but ferior incisors perpendicular; chin prominCHURNING.–The process of churning is

there are two of the most prominent ones ent; rational, endowed with speech, unar.

he seems to have overlooked, and the ob- med, defenceless.” Had the learned pronecessary to force out the serous fluid froin the cream in order to produce butter. This ject of this paper is to bring them before fessor added, “wonderfully addicted to is done by agitation and in a churn. There the readers of the Farmer, that their just theft,” the description would have been are various kinds of churns, but the best deserts may be awarded. The first of complete. The very frequency of this anichurn is the one that will preserve the pro is the Dog. Altogether they are most to the impunity it enjoys. . Straddling and

these nuisances and pests of the farmer, mal's depredations have contributed mainly per temperature, or the same temperature

worthless and useless. that is in the churn and cream when put

Take them from shock-headed-idle and vicous in the ex. into it. In warm weather coid water for the highest to the lowest, from the mastiff treme—it lazily passes the hours of labor, some time is to be put into the churn, and to the lap-dog-puppy, whelp, hound, and coiled up in the sunshine, or otherwise inin cold weather scalding water, and also cur-dog-all should by the farmer beviting repose ; but no sooner does darkness putting hot or cold water in the cream ac- placed under the ban of proscription, and come on than it rouses its energies, and cording to the season. As it is important

banished from the premises. To use a commences all manner of depredations, to preserve the same temperature while common phrase, they all cost more than Omniverous in its tastes and habits, nothing churning—the best churns are those which they come to; and if they are sometimes comes amiss; and in its tastes and habits, are used in an borizontal position such as found useful, such instances are the excep-| nothing comes amiss; and in its predatory stationary barrel with dashes to move in tion, not the rule. That the dog has ex-||excursions the most incongruous articles the inside. A small churn is in use on hibited at times noble qualities, I do not de- are gathered into its receptacle of plunder. this principle, and answers a good purpose, ny; but the question with the farmer is one Pork from the barrel, butter from the laras a hole of sufficient size from one halfan of profit and loss, and if he keeps a dog der, grain from the granary, corn from the inch to an inch, may be made on the top, 10 he should keep him for the same reason field, hams from the smoke-house, fowls let out the warm air produced by the agi-that he keeps a horse or an ox, because he from the roost, clothes from the drying-line, cation of the cream, and to admit the coolis profitable. But, says one, “I cannot melons from the bed, and all kinds of fruit air. A barrel churn of this kind has been do without a dog; I must have one to drive from the tree, are appropriated to their use used, when 36 to 38 lb. butter was made hogs from my door, my yard, or my sheds ; as inclination may dictate, or opportunity twice a week. An extract from Dr. An-|I must have one to keep my own creatures offer. They have been observed to be derson is given to show great care is need- and those of my neighbors' out of mischief ;| particularly fond of new things, and in some ed in chúrning:

to watch my house and barn and keep off sections of the country the propagators of * In the process of churning greater|dog, but let me tell you that if you rely on fruits, find it difficult to preserve enough

thieves and vagrants." Well, then, keep a rare and valuable kinds of vegetables and niceity is required, than most persons are aware of, a few hasty irregular strokes may will find the business of keeping creatures the kind and quality. A few years since I

a dog fence, neither your dog or yourself from their ravages to furnish a specimen of render the whole of the butter of scarcely || out of mischief a sinecure. "No, kill your

called on a friend nice in such matters, any value, and, but for this circumstance dog, and instead of relying on him, put up and where a number of gentlemen happened would have been of the first quality.”

your fence as a farmer should—do not to be present. He was showing us his MAKING UP THE BUTTER.—It is not leave rails off, or your fences down, to in-fruit orchard, and among other rare specinecessary to describe the common mode of vite cattle to be unruly; kill your dog, and mens, exhibited to us a new plum, which preparing the butter for market, when my word for it, unless your experience he valued very highly, and which then had taken from the churn. The object is to take should be very different from mine, the two several nearly ripe and beautiful look. from the butter all the serous liquor—which barrels of soap you may annually make ing on the tree, the first it had borne, is done by letting it off, and washing the from what your dog would eat—that is, if | While describing the reported qualities of butter by the change of water until it is he is properly fed at home, and not left to the fruit to us, a bare-footed and wild look. pure, and not discolored. The advantage prowl over the neighborhood and steal hising animal of this depredating kind apof the churn above recommended is going living—will more than pay for all you will proached ; and listening to what was said, throuh this process without the use of the have stolen from you. It is a fact which no sooner had we left the tree to taste a de hand and working the butter after it is se-/ will not admit of dispute, that the dogs in licious peach, than with a most mortifying parated from the serous liquor. Even the this State will kill more sheep, and in this dexterity he seized on the valued plums, salt may be worked in, in the churn. If way injure the farmer more than all the which speedly disappeared in his capacious butter worked in a barrel churn where was wolves to be found in our limits, and to gullet, leaving the owner to wait another put' f an ounce of sugar, salt petre and salt reward the killing of which, much money year for the uncertain privilege of fully to a pound of butter into the churn and is and has been annually paid ; and more testing the qualities of his own fruit. All when well worked it was put in thin layers human lives yearly fall before that incura- good citizens should unite to check at once in firkins with another - onuce of the above ble and frightful malady the hydrophobia, the operations of the light fingered pilferspread on each layer. This butter was || than have been lost by wild beasts since theers ; and as the law is fortunately in this sent to the West Indies, and a firkin was settlement of the country. I say then, letcase on the side of the honest man, nothkept until the vessel returned with lumber the dog law of the state be strictly and ri-ing seems to be wanting but active co-opfrom a Southern port, and was in prime or- || gorously enforced, and if a man will keeperation, and a vigorous enforcement of its der.

a dog, or half a dozen of them, to vex and salutary provisions.

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METEOROLOGICAL RECORD

CLOVER LEYS.

RAILWAY IRON, LOCOMOTIVES, &c. For the month of February, 1836, kept at Avoylle

THE subscribers offer the following, articles for
Ferry, Red River, La., (Lat. 31° 10' n. Long. 91° 59'

It will undoubtedly be remembered that
W..) by P. G. Voornies.

innumerable experiments have proved that Railuay Iron, flat bars, with countersunk holes and
clover leys, turned under, make an admirac

miired joints,

Lbs.
bie dressing for a crop of wheat ihe next 350 tons 24 by #, 15 ft in length, weighing 1,5% per ft,
Wind.
year. Clover, if we mistake not, is a bien- 280

2 " ,
ther.
nial—that is, lasting but two years, after 70 11 量,

21
flowering and going to seed the second
132 48 36 calm clear heavy white frost

1 52 51

summer, the roots begin to decay, and ulti-| 90 3 366059 mately die out and leave the soil for the be sold free of duty to State governments or incor

with Spikes and Splicing Plates adapted thereto. To
4341-19146
5406461
cloudy

Herd's grass, or other plants which may be porated companies.
64161 42
scwed with the clover. Hence it will be

Orders for Pennsylvania Boiler Iron executed.

Rail Road Car and Locomotive Engine Tires, 7146861

well, in order to make the most of the roots wronght and turned or unturned, rrady to be fitted on
8 336160
9 47,62 601
rain in the morning and as a dressing for wheat, to plough them un- the wheels, viz. 30, 33, 36, 42, 44, 54, and 60 inches

diameter.
der as early in the season after haying as
10 5670/65

E. V. Patent Chain Cable Bolts for Railway Car
rain and heavy thunder-
storm all day and night

can conveniently be done. By the follow- axles, in lengths of 12 feet 6 inches, to 13 feet , 24 11587062

Red river rising ing spring the sod has become decayed, 3, 31, 32, 31, and 31 inches diameter.
12'65 60 58
rain all day and all night

Chains for Inclined Planes, short and stay links,
and in a good state to promote the growth | manufactured from the E. V. Cable Bolts, and proved
13 64 62 52
rain in the morning and

of the future crop. clear at noon, Red Ri

at the greatest strain.

India Rubber Rope for Inclined Plunes, made from ver on a stand

New Zealand flax.
14/406346 calm clear
15 42 68 65
Red River falling

Also Patent Homp Cordage for Inclined Planes, 1638 64 56

Anderson recommends that Cows beland Canal Towing Lines.
17 5774 68 cloudy light showers all night milked three times a day in summer when stone block of Edge Railways.

Patent Felt for placing between the iron chair and 18 59 69 59

clear 19130 71 68

full fed. If a Cow is not milked dry each Every description of Railway Iron, as well as Lo 2015374 67 .: cloudy in the evening time, the quantity diminishes; and if milked comotive Engines, imported at the shortest notice, by 21 56/68/64

the agency of one of our partners, who resides in

The first | England for this purpose,
22 60,68 61

cloudy rain all day, clear at night dry, the best milk is obtained.
23 57 69 59 calm clear
cream which rises is the best.

Mr. Solomon 'W. Roberts, a highly respectable 24 577266

American Engineer, resides in England for the pur25 5651 50 cloudy evening, rain at

pose of inspecting all Locomotives, Machinery, Rail.
TO CANAL CONTRACTORS.
night

way Iron &c. ordered through us
26 50 48 50 NW cloudy
Office of the Sandy and Beaver Canal Co.,

A. & G. RALSTON,
27 36 50 51
drizzling rain all day and

July 25th, 1836.

28-01

Philadelphia, No. 4, South Front si. all night

Proposals will be received at the office of the Sandy 28|40|4845

TO CONTRACTORS. clear

and Beaver canal company, in New Lisbon, Colum29 556971 calm cloudy drizzling rain in the eve- biana county, Ohio, uniil Monday the 10th day of Oc

Engineer Department York and Maning tober next, for the construction of about 50 cutstone ryland Line Railroad Co.

YORK, July 10, 1836. Red River fell this month 4 feet 5 inches-below locks, 17 dams, (varying from 5 to 20 feet in height) high water mark 9 feet 3 inches. one aqueduct across the Tuscarawas River, several

PROPOSALS will be received until Saturday, the bridges, and about 10 or 15 miles of canal. Plans and specifications of the work may be ex- the whole line of this road, extending from the State

30h inst. in York, for the graduation and Masonry of METEOROLOGICAL TABLE

amined at the Engineers office, New Lisbon. For the month of March, 1836, kept at Avoylle their proposals with good recommendations. Persons unkown to the Engineer must accompany | road is a continuation of the Baltimore and Susque

line to York, a distance of nearly 20 miles. This Ferry, Red River, La., (Lat. 31° 10' N., Long. 91°

hannah Railroad, and is the final letting on the line of

B. HANNA, President. :59' w.) by P. G. VOORHIES.

Railroad from York to Baltimore. On this letting is E H. Gill, Chief Engineer.

30—10 10

a Tunnel of about 300 feet in leng h.

Persons unknown to the undersigned must aecome TO CONTRACTORS,

pany their proposals with recommendations. Sealed proposals will be received at Jackson, until

ISAAC TRIMBLE, Wind. ther. the 15th day of September next, for the graduation,

Chief Engineer. masonry and bridging of the 3d division (50 miles) of

WM. GIBBS M'NEILL, :he Mississippi Railroad.

Consulting Engineer, 1156/50/131 cloudy high wind from ihe north This road is located on a pine sandy ridge, the July 15, 1836.

28_t30 at night

country is healıny, and provisions can be readily
2 32 54 43 calm clear heavy white frost
obtained at all seasons of the year.

OFFICE PONTCHARTRAIN, RAILROAD Co.?
332 59 53
The whole line (150 miles) will be placed under

New Orleans, 191h May, 1836. 4 3461 50

contract, as the location advances next fall; and it is THE Board of Directors of this Company, will pay 5.4367 56 calm

cloudy at noon believed that no institution can offer greater induce the sum of five hundred dollars to the inventor or 615969,68 cloudy high wind from south-east ments to good Cur tractors than this.

projector, of a machine or plan to prevent the escape all night and heavy rain

F. H. PETRIE, Chief Eng. of sparks from the Chimney of Locomotive Er giner, 7 57 62 47 rain all day ENGINEERS OFFICE,

burning wood, and which shall be finally adopted fur 8 4161 52 calm clear Red River rising

Natches, June 10, 1836. 3

use of the Company. No further charge to be made 9.46'6247 cloudy heavy thunder and rain at

28-ill Sep. 5. for the right of the Company to use the same. noon and all night

By order of the Board, 1033 49 47 clear heavy white frost-high

TO CONTRACTORS.

JNO. B. LEEFE, Secretary, wind all day ENGINEER DEPARTMENT, Lawrenceburgh and

28-3m.
11 33 6475 calm clear heavy white frost

Indianapolis Railroad Company, June 20, 1836.
124369/64
bigh wind from the north-

PROPOSALS will be reeeived at this office until
west in the afternoon
the 8th of August for the graduation and masonry on

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.
113|59|71|68| sw cloudy high wind all day
The first division of the Road.

PROPOSALS will be received by the Morris Ca1461 7265 clear

This division commences near the Ohio River at nal and Banking Company, at the Engineers Office, 15 667875

Lawrenceburgh, Indiana, and follows the Valley of Meades Basin, from the 1st to the 4th of August next, 166780178

Tanners Creek a distance of ten miles, very high

for the excavation, embankment, and mechanical 1769 79 72 cloudy rain and heavy thunder at Plans and Profiles of the Route and proposed work on the Long Pond Feeder, a distance of five

works can be examined at he Engineers Office, Law- and a half miles. Also, for the erection of a stona 18,586862) calm rain all night, Red river on renceburgh, Dearbor i County, Indiana.

dam, and other work, near the outlet of Long Pond. 28-tan15 JULIUS W. ADAMS, Engineer, a stand

Plans and Specifications of the work may be seen.
19 60 641521
drizzling rain all day and

ibe Engineers office, after the 1st of August.
all night
TO CONTRACTORS.

R. B. MASON, Engineer.
20|46|47 46
PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the

29-tlaug.
21 1815247
clear

Eastern Railroad Company, Boston, between the
122 41150145
28th and 30th inst, for the grading and masonry of

HARTFORD AND NEW HAVEN RAILROAD. 23/34 48.45

said Road from East Bosion to Newburyport, a dis- The H. and N. H. Railroad Company, are prepared 124 44 36 48 tance of 337 miles

to make immediate contracts for 200,000 running fe 1 25 48 58 46) calm

The line of this road is along a favorable country of Southern yellow pine, to measure six inches squa e 126/45 61 57

passing threugh Lynn, Salem, Beverly, and Ipswich. | and from cighteen to thirty feet in length; of llo 127143 58

which places will afford contractors every facility for quality best suited to receive a flat iron rail, 28 487168

obtaining provisions, &c. Plans and Profiles will be above to be delivered at New Haven by the fir 1 2965 68 701 clondy drizzling rain all day ready, and may be seen at the Office, after the 220 day of May next. Also for 200,000 running feet 'n 30 647476

addition, to be delivered by the first day of Septembr 131 64 70 66 rain at noon

Satisfactory recommendations must accompany the 1837, at Hartford or Middletown.

proposals of ihose who are unknown to the Engineer. PROPOSALs may be addressed to Red River rose this month 1 foot 6 inches-below

POHN M. FESSENDEN, Engineer.

ALEX. C. TWINING, Engineet. high water mark 7 foot 9 inches.

22—130; New Ilaven, July 19th, 1836.

29.-30.

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JAMES

RIVER

AND

do

do

FRAME BRIDGES,

MILL-DAM FOUNDRY. T'he subscriber would respectfully inform the pub

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.

TO BE SOLD OR LEASED the above lic, and particularly Railroad and Bridge Corpura

KANAWHA CANAL ta:ions that he will build frume Bridges, or vend the well known establishment, situated one wile

PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the right to others w build, on Col. Long's Pat 14, through from Boston. The improvem:ne consist of, James River and Kanawha Company, in the City of out the Cnited States, with few exceptions. The fol. No. 1. Boiler House, 50 feet by ofert, Richmond, from the 15th to the 23rd day of August, lowing sub Agents have been engaged by the under-containing ifl the neressary machin. ry for for the construction of all the Excavation, Embanksigned Florace Childs,

making boilers for Locomotive and uther with nearly all the Culveris and the greater portion of lleniher, N. II. Alexander McArthur, Mount Morris, N. Y. steam Engines.

the Lochs between Lynchburg and Maidens' Adves John Mahan,

do No. 2. Blacksmith's Shop, 50 feet by 20, ture. Thomas li. ('ushing, Doser, N. II. fitted with cranes for beavy work.

The work now advertised embraces the iwenty Ira Blake, Wahetield, N. HI. No. 3. Locomtive House, 54 feet by 25, | Adventure Pond, the eight miles between Seven Is

miles betwren Columbia and the head of Maidens' Amos Whitimore, Fsq., Hancock, N. H. Samuel Herrick, Springfield, Vermont. used for putting together Locomotive Enland Fails and Scottsville, and about twenty isolated Simeon Herrick,

do

gines. Several of the best Engines in use sections, reserved at the former letting, between Capt. Isaac Damon, Northampton, Mass.

in the United States have been put in this Scottsville and Lynchburg. Lyman kingsly,

do
do
establishment.

The quantity of masonry offered is very great-
Elijah llalberi,
Waierloo, N. Y.

consisting of about two hundred Culverts of from three Joseph Hlebard, Dunkirk, N. Y.

No. 4. A three story brick building, cov. to thirty sect span; nine Aqueducks, thirty-five Locks Col. Sherman Peck, Hudson, Ohio. ered with slate, 120 feet by 46, containing la number of Wastes, with several farm and ruad Andrew E. Turnbull, Lower Sandusky, Ohio. two water-wheels, equal to 40 horse power;

Bridges. William J. Turnbull,

de

do Sabried Dodge, Esq., (Civil Engineer,) Ohio. Machine Shop, filled with lathes, &c.; Pat

General plans and specifications of all the work,

and special plans of the most important Culverts and Booz M. Atherton, Esq. New-Philadelphia,Ohio.tern Shop; Rolling Mill and Furnaces, ca

Aqueducts, will be found at the offices of the several Stephen Daniels,

Marietta, Ohio pable of rolling 4 tons of iron per diem, ex-Principal Assistant Engineers on the line of the Canal John Rodgers,

Louisville, Kentucky: clusive of other work; three Trip Ham. The work will be prepared for examination by the Jahn Tililson,

St. Francisville, Lous'a. Capt. John Bottom, Tona wanda, Penn

mers, one of which is very large; engine for 25th Julyk; but mechanics, well recommended, des'tblowing Cupola Furnaces, moved by water. I for the construction of a number of Culverts at privale

ous of immediate employment, can obtain contracts Nehemiah Osborn, Rochester, N. Y.

Bridges on the above plan are to be seen at the ful. wheel; one very superior 12 horse Steam leuing. lowing localities, viz. On the main road leading from Engine, which could be dispensed with; Persons offering to contract, who are unknown to Baltimore to Washington, two miles from the former and a variety of other machinery.

the subscriber, or any of the Assistant Engineers, will place. Across the Melawainkeag rives on the Military road, in Maine. On th• National road in Ilinois,

No. 5. An Iron Foundry, 80 feet by 45 be expected to accompany their proposals by ibe usual

certificates of characier and ability: at sundry points. On the Baltimore and Susquehan with a superior air Furnace, and two Cúpo.

CHARLES 'ELLET, Jr., na Rrailroad at three points. On the Hudson and las, Core oven, Cranes, &c. fitted for ine

Chief Engineer of the James River Patterson Railroad, in two places. On the Boston and largest work. Attached to the Foundry is

and Kanawla Company. Worcester Railroad, at several points. On the Bus.

large ware.liouse, containing Patterns for

Note.---The Dams, Guard-Locks, most of the ton and Providence Railroad, at sundry points. Across the Castings of Hydraulic Presses, Loco. Bridges, and a nunber of Locks and Culverts, are the Contocook river at Ilancock, N H. Across the

r served for a future letting. Persons visiting the line Connecticut river at liaverlill, N. H. Across the motive and other Swam Engines, Lead Mill for the purpose of obtaining work, would do well to Contoocouh river, at Henniker, N. 11. Across the Rolls, Geering, Shafis, Stoves, Grates, &c. call at the oflice of the Company in the city of RichSouhegan river, at Milford, N. H. Across the ken. These were made of the most durable ma.

mond, where any information which they may desire nebec river, at Waterville, in the state of Maine.

will be cheerfully communicated. Across the Genesse river, 'at Mount Morris, New. terials, under the direction of a very scien

The valley of James River, between Lynchburg York, and several other bridges are now in progrss. tilic and practical Engineer, and are supland Richmond, is healthy. (20—ta 18) C. E. Jr. The undersigned has removed w Rochester, Mon- posed to be of great value.

RAILROAD CAR WHEELS AND roe county, New York, where he will promptly al- No. 6. A building. 6,5 feet by 36, containing BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD tend to orders in this line of business to any practica' a large stack of chimneys, and furnaces, for bleextent in the United States, Maryland excepted. MOSES LONG. making Cast Steel.

CASTINGS.

This building has
General Agent of Col. S. II Long. been used as a boarding-house, and can

Also, AXLES furnished and fitted to wheels com

plete at the Jefferson Cotton and Wool Machine FacRochester, May 22d, 1876. 19y-is. accommodate a large number of men.

tory and Foundry, Paterson, N. . All orders ad. PATENT RAILROAD, SHIP AND No, 7. A range of buildings, 200 feet long by dressed to the subscribers at Paterson, or 60 Walk BOAT SPIKES. 30, containing counting room, several store street, New York, will be promptly attended to.

Also, CAR SPRINGS. & The Trøy Iron and Nail Factory keeps con rooms, a Brass Foundry, room for cleaning

Also, Flange Tires, turned complete. stantly for sale a very extensive a-sortment of Wrought castings, a large lost for storing patterns,

18 ROGERS, KETCHUM & GROSVENOR. Spikes and Nails, from 3 to 10 inches, manufactur d siable for two horses, &c. &c. by the subscriber's Patent Machinery, which after The above establishment being on tide

STEPII ENSON, five years successful operation, and now almost universal use in the United Statex, (as well as England, water, presents greater advantages for some Builder of a superior style of Passenger where the subscriber obtained a patent,) are found kinds or business than any other in the

Cars for Railroads. superior to any ever offered in market.

United States. Coal and Iron can be carried No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street, Railroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes from vessels in the harboss of Boston, to the

New-York. having countersink heads suitable w the holes in iron wharf in front of the Factory, at 25 to 30 mine these Cars ; a specimen of which may be seer

RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to exor rails, to any amount and on short notice. Almost all cents per ion. Some of the largest jobs of the Railroads now in progress in the United States are

on that part of the New York and Harlaem Railroad fastened with Spikes made at the above named fac- iron work have been completed at ibis es. nuw in operation

J2511 tory-for which purpose they are found invaluable, tablishment; among others, the great chain .as their adhesion is more than double any commun and lift pumps for freeing the Dry Dock at

ALBANY EAGLE AIR FURNACE AND

MACHINE SHOP. spikes made by the hammer. All orders directed w the Agent, Troy, N. Y., the Navy Yard, Charleston.

WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to order, will be punctually attended to.

The situation for Railroad work is excel. | Iron Castings for Gearing Mills and Factories of TIENRY BURDEN, Agent. lent, being in the angle formed by the cross. every description. Troy, N. Y., July, 1831. ing of the Providence and Worcester Rail.

ALSO—Sieam Engines and Railroad Castings o. Spikes are kopt for sale, at factory prices, by I. roads. The Locomotive “Yankee,” now

every description. & J. Townsind, Albany, and the principal Iron Mer

The collection of Patterns for Machinery, is not chants in Albany and Troy; J.I. Brower, 2.12 Water ruming on the latter road, and the “ Bos- equalled mihe United States. street, New-York; A. M. Jones, Philadelphia; T. ton," purchased by the State of Pennsyl Janviers, Baltimore; Degrand & Sinithi, Boston. vania, were built at these works. With the NOTICE OF THE NEW-YORK AND P. S.- Railroad Companies would do well to for. Patterns and Machinery now n the premi.

ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY. ward their orders as early as practicable, as the subscriber is desiri.us of extending the manufacturing so

ses, 20 Locomotives, and as many tenders TIIE Company hereby withdraw their Advertise as w keep pace with the daily increasing demand for besides a great quantity of cars and wagons. prepare in time, the portions of the line proposed to

ment of 2014 April, in consequence of their inability his Spikes. (1J23ain) H. BURDEN. could be made per annum.

bilet on the 30th June, at Binghampton, and on the AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS,

For terms, apply to

Tith of July at Monticello. Future notice shall be THOS. J. ECKLEY, Boston, given, when proposals will be received at the above SPADES, &c. 300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Shovels or to ROBERT RALSTON, Jr. Phila. places, for the same portions of the road.

JAMES G. KING, President. 150 do do do plain Boston, April 21, 1835. j2544

21-tf 150 do do do cast steel Shovels & Spades THE NEWCASTLE MANUFACTURING 150 do do Gold-mining Shovels COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delaware.

ARCHIMEDES WORKS, 100 do do plated Spades with a capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared to ex.

(100 North Moor street, N. Y.) 50 do do socket Shovels and Spades. ecute in the first style and on liberal terms, at their

New-York, February 12th, 1836. Together with Pick Axes, Churn Drills, and Crow extensive Finishing Shops and Foundries for Brass and THE undersigned begs leave to inform the proprie. Bars (steel pointed,) mannfuctur-d fruiu Salisbury re- Tron, situated in the town of Newcastle, Delaware, all tors of Railroads that thy are prepared to furnish all fined iron-for sale by the manufacturing agents, WITIERELL, AMES & CO.

orders foi LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam Enyines. I kinds of Machinery for Railroads, Locomotive Engines

and for CASTINGS of every description in Brass or of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in successNo. 2 Liberty street, New-York. Iron RAILROAD WORK of all kinds finished in cul operation on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, BACKUS, AMES & Co. the best manner, and at the shortest notice.

none of which have failed-Castings of all kinds, No. 8 State street, Albany Orders to be addressed to N. B.-Also furnished to order, Shapes of every de.

Wheels, Axles, and Buxes, furnished at shortest notice. MR. EDWARD A. G. YOUNG,

H. R. DUNHAM & CO. . scrption, made from Salisbury refined Iron. 4-ytf feb 20-yil Superintendent, Newcastle, Del

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AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL, AND ADVOCATE OF INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT NO. 132 NASSAU STREET, NEW-YORK, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

D. K MINOR, and

SATURDAY, AUGUST, 20 1836.

[VOLUME V.-No. 33.

GEORGE C. SCHAEFFER, } PROTOES AND

.

C.... 514

FORMULA

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CONTENTS :

MECHANICS WANTED, The following is a comparative view of Notice to Contractors ; New Arrangement; Me- A'T Fort Schuyler, Thrugs Point, Masons for laying the result by the iwo values of the resista

chanics Wanted ; Editorial Notice; Commu- large stone in a sea wall, Carpenters, a Millwright, ance. nication on Locomotive Engines.... 513 and a steam Engineer and Machinist.

Weight of Engine 84 tons, load exclusive Knoxville Convention...

Apply at Fort Schuyler, or at Governors Island.

of the Engine, drawn up an Inclined Plane, Correspondence of the Angusta Constitutionalist, August 12th, 1836,

21–337

ascending 1 ft. in 20 ft., was 124 tons. dated Knoxville ; the Attica and Buffalo Rail. road. ....

515

WANT OF WORMEEN.
New-Orleans-Internal Improvements... 516 We hear from every direction of the want

Ꭱ ;
The late Hon. John B. Yates ; Great Invention.. 5:7|of good workmen. At the fortification at
On the immersion of Copper for Bolts and Ship Throg's neck, Masons can get very good
Sheathing in Muriatic Acid, as a test of its du-

The letters R W ba and x represent ibo
wages—see advertisemeni.
rability.....

518 We learn from our friends in Georgia, values written after them beneath. Agriculture, etc..

519 that good workmen can get high wages, Let R = the load on a level road excluding Advertisements... 527 and spend the winter in a verv pleasant cli.

Engine. male.

Let W = the load on an inclined i "AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. All necessary information to applicanis,

road, excluding engine. will be given on application at this office.

| drawn

Let x = the gross load on an in- up. NEW-YORK, AUGUST 20, 1836.

clined plane. The following communication on Loco-Let a = denominator of a fraction expresNOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. motive Engines is thankfully received, as sive of the inclination. PROPOSALS for excavating and embanking the will be every other one on the subject. Let b= denominator of a fraction express Georgia Railroad from the upper end of the work, LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES AND INCLINED PLANES. sive of the friction. now under contract, to Greensboro', a distance of 34

City Hotel, New York, Aug. 1, 1836. Then by substituting these respective miles, will be received at the Engineer's Office, at

DEAR SIR-In reading over No. 27, Vol.values for these letters, and reducing the
Crawfordville, on the 21st and 220 days of October 15, of the Railroad Journal, I observed aequation, I find the load on a level road
next.
-ALSO-

communication headed Baltimore and Ohio 10 be 3023 tons. This load the Engine will At the same time, for the Branch Ito Warrenton, 4 Railroad Experiment, and signed W. L., be able to draw at the same velocity she miles. And if prepared in season, the Branch to Civil Engineer, Schenectady.

drew at 124 tons up the Inclined Plane at 1 Athens, length 37 miles.

This publication, I beg leave to observe, in 20. Mr. W. L. has his load for a level J. EDGAR THOMSON, gives us rather an unfavorable view of those 4274 tons, the difference resis in the differ. 33—1220

Civil Engineer.

valuable experiments, and from observingent values taken for friction. If the whole NEW ARRANGEMENT.

this and some other little misrepresenta- | weight of the Engine rests on her working

tions, in the Civil Engineer Department, wheels the power of adhesion, in favorable WE the subscribers having formed a co-partnership between theory and practice, I have been weather, would enable her to draw 3784 under the style and firm of Durpee, Coleman & Co., induced to make the following feeble effort tons on level, and that, at the velocity she for the manufacturing and selling of Ropes for inclined to represent facts in a clear light.

drew the former load on ihe Plane. planes of railroads, and for other use s, offer to supply

The formula given by W. L. for the com- By having 6 io ions weight on her workropes for inclined planes, of any length required without splice, at short notice, the manufacturing of cord. putation is correct, but the friction of the ing wheels, she would be able in the like age, heretofore carried on by S. S. Durfee & Cc., will wagons he has taken at the part of their | weather to draw 3023 tons i he load. I have be done by the new firm. All orders will be prompt- weight, this must be entirely too small a computed to equalize the given performance, ly attended to, and ropes will be shipped to any port value for the friction. By the late valuable consequently she must have bad 6,4 tons in the United States.

experiments of Pambour on Locomotive on her working wheels, else she could not
8th month, 8th, 1836. Hudson, Columbia County. Engines and Railroad Wagons, we get the do the above stated work.
State of New York.

E. S. TOWNSEND, GEORGE COLEMAN, |value of the friction of Railroad Wagons at But there is nothing impossible in the
ROBT. C. FOLGER, SYDNEY S. DURFEE.8 lbs per ton, assuming this as the friction || statement. Ceriainly Mr. W. L. must have
33—tf.
in my calculation.

known' that so was 100 small a value for

ROPES FOR INCLINED PLANES OF RAILROADS.

ers.

ton.

Ascent in feet

per mile.

tong.

over

4

the resistance of the rail,and it has been prob. || traction, I should be pleased to hear hin This great undertaking is to be comably used to distort incomparative view of the do so. Ti.is mere outward smoothing asser- menced immediately. The Convention, it loads for a level and ascending roads. The lion appears, by a comparison wiib these is said, was in some danger of breaking up eather paris ofibis publication I have partially || ables, (say the least of them) 10 he vague without doing any thing, had it not been for examined, but on not finding daia to base and full of discrepancy wi'h truth.

the compromise with the delegates from any calculation on, either in it, or the origi- In Mr. S.'s communication of ihe 230 of Georgia, which appeared to satisfy all par

ties." nal, signed C. R. W., I have been induced || Jan. last, to the President of the New York to make a shori iable of the different loads and Erie Railroad Company, he also asseris

Other extracts of li tters from the corto suit sundry grades. Thus taking the thai a Railroad carving, with a radius ofist of earlier date, will be found in our

respondents of the Augusta ConstitutionalEngine sf tons, and friction 8 lbs per 700 feet, when travelled over at a velocity columns.

ot 12 miles per hour, merely occasions an
Comparative
equal resistance with those of an Inclined

Since writing the above, we have been
Ratio view of loads Ratio En- Planes ascending 18 ft. per nile. Above | favored with the following extract of a let-
Load in of by x by ra.of en-gine in
ions. Igrade frio of gride. gine.

we see that 18 ft. per mile occasions more ter received in this city, from one of the level. 200 1200

than double traction, consequently, by his delegates from Georgia, dated, 18,857 95.75 2 191.5 8.5 | assertion, a curve of 700 ft. radius in a

Clarksville, July 13th, 1836. 37.715 61.00

183.

17.
Railroad, when travelled

at the

“ The Knoxville Convention was perhaps 56.572 43.625 174.5 3 25.5

the most respectable ever held in the South75.430 33.215 168.

velocity of 12 miles per hour, occasions an
4 34.
addilional resistance of more than an equiv.

ern and Western States. Col. Williams, The load takea for a level is 200 tons ; || aleut to draw this load at the same velccity Hayne, of South Carolina, unanimously

of Tennessee, was called tu the chair, Gen. and there is as much power required from on a straight level road. Certainly the in elected President, by about four hundred an Engine in ascending a Plane of 18, convenience of causing double traction is delegates from ten Stutes. Pryor Lea, of feet per inile, with a load of 95,7 l, as with considerable

, trat when we see it smoothed Tennessee, was appointed Secretary. A the above load of 200 tons on a level. The over, by the remarks that iis grade cnly select committee of forty were appointed, comparison for the other lines in the table wants to be fartened 18 ft. per mile, to to which all the different subjects brought may be done in like manner, or they may || make it as easy as a straighi level road. before the Convention were referred.

Tbe be compared with each othér, as each of the Let us view for a moment a Railroad in its Georgia delegation consisted of about sixhorizontal lives requires = power with

natural way; when curves are necessary | ty; to the surprise of most of us, when each other, and with the top liue also.

in Railroads it is most generally at the we got to Knoxville, we found that charThe defect in the load, as seen by the points of, rocks and round low dells and val-ters for a company had been already grantfourth columu, is owing to the power ex

ed by the States of Kentucky, Tennessee leys, and one reason for submitting to pended by the Engine to support her gravily || curves is to avoid the great expense of ex-l and company to those four States, Georgia

North and South Carolina, limiting the road ascending the Inclined Planes.

cavalion and embankment. This result in the above table differs

being excluded. A very able and clear re(To be Continued.)

port of the trade and resources of Georgia, much from Mr. Seymour's assertion that

was immediately, however, prepared by a 25 leet asceni per mile only required double

KNOXVILLE CONVENTION.

committee; Messrs. S. B. Parkman, of fraction. Now we see 18957 feet requ.res more ihan double traction by once the

The following letters and remarks, fron Savannah, R. Campbell, of Augusta, and the Savannah Georgian, will prove inter

Poe, of Macon, and read to the Convenweight of the Engiire. The following tafesting to the friends of internal improve members, convinced them that it was de

tion, which, while it astonished the western ble will give us a more clear view for com.

ment. parison. Thus taking ide same values of

cidedly for their interest to bring Georgia the foregoing table to express engine, &c.

We have also received the Report of the into the compact ; and on the motion of

South Carolina Commissioners to the Con- Mr. Wickliffe, of Kentucky, it was unaniProduct of vention, and shall publish it in our next

mously resolved to recommend to the sevLoad

loads by as.

KNOXVILLE CONVENTION.- This im- eral States, so to amend the charters as to

portant Convention, we learn, has adjourn- permit Georgia to participate upon perfect loads level. 200. 200.

ed-not, as sonte letter writers have pre terms of equality with the other States, and 17.38 100.

200.

8.69

dicted, without yielding to the claims of to connect a branch of the road at. Knox28.23 75. 200.

10.556 Georgia, but, as we are led to believe, with ville. Col. Blanding, of Columbia, S. C., 48.35 50. 4 200. 4

a full conviction, that it will be for the in- with others in that interest, had fixed long 99.57 25.

200.

.12.315

terest of the people of the west to have before the meeting of the Convention, that | The explanation of the former table will more than one outlet for their productions. the main track must go through the French

We have been favored with the following Broad in North Carolina, hy Columbia to 'suit for this, as they differ but lille in the

extract of a leiter from one of our fellow- Charleston, and of course came prepared progressive grades, and agree exactly in the

citizens, at present at Flat Rock, to a gen- with a printed report of the Engineers, comparative necessary powers to draw ||tleman of this city, dated 12th inst. (Tues- showing the facilities of that route ; by loads up those Planes. day last.)

these the estimates were, that 60 or 90, I This table shows us tirat :1-7 % feet aecept * The Convention at Knoxville adjourned forget which, but I believe the latter num'per mile require double traction of a Loco. sine die about 12 o'clock on Friday last, ber of miles would cost an average of motive Engine, compared with a level road, || and two of the South Carolina delagates $30,000, and 10 miles an average of or in other words she cannot draw but haldarrived here, (Flat Rock) last evening, $40,000. By Mr. Thompson, the Georthe load up this Plane that she will take on

One of them informs me that the railroad gia Engineer's report, confirmed by Col. a level at the same velocily; and at 48,3% is to come up the valley of the French Brisbane, the Engineer of South Carolina, feet ascent per njle she can only draw 1 of Broad, and will pass not far from Flat it is estimated that the cost of a single track the load she will on a level road, also, a: bers compromised, and the Convention would only average $8,500, and that there

Rock. The Georgia and Carolina mem-from Athens to Knoxville, 205 miles, 98% feet ascent per mile, she can only unanimously agreed that a road should pass was no single mile which would exceed draw į of the load she will on a level road. through Georgia and strike the main line at $15,000 ; this route is by Clarksville, lo all the foregoing the road is understood | some point near, or at Knoxville, and the through Miller's Gap in Rabun, then down to be straight. Now if Mr. W. L. can sup-|| stockholders thereof then to be considered the Litile Tennessee, to about 12 miles beport Mr. Seymour in his assertion of not as the same company, and to be in all re-low the Smoky Mountains, then across the Jess than 25 ft. per mile to require double spects the same as the original stockhold. country to Knoxville.

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