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RES apron, the apron is, in part, to be again the corn, though short, looks in a flourishing || RAILWAY IRON, LOCOMOTIVES, &c. wound round the upper roller, as first above state. With seasonable weather and the THE subscribers offer the following articles for mentioned, so as to remain until the litter absence of early frost it may partially re

sale. is again discharged. What I claim as my improvement, and wheat and rye crops. munerate the farmers for their loss in the Railway Iron, Nat bars, wi!h countersunk holes and

miired joints, The oat crop is an

Ibs. wish to secure by letters patent, in the rear-| abundant one.

350 wns 2: by 4, 15 ft in length, weighing 4,

2 " , ing of silk worms, is the application of a We conversed on Tuesday last with a 11 " 1,

24 revolving apron, or aprons, placed under gentleman of Martinsburg, who assured us 17" 1, the hurdles upon which the worms are fed, that in many fields in that section of country

1100 90 1 " 4,

27 콜 for the purpose of receiving and removing the seed would not be gathered.

with Spikes and Splicing Plates adapted thereto. To the litter falling from them; and this 1

be sold free of duty w State goveruments or incor. claim, whether the same be made exactly

porated coinpanies.

Orders for Pennsylvania Boiler Iron executed. in the way described, or in any other, ope- JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE.

Rail Road Car and Locomotive Engine Tires, rating substantially on the same principle, We certainly owe an apology for having so the wheels, viz. 30, 33, 36, 42, 44, 54, and 60 inches

wrought and turned or unturned, ready to be fitted on and by which a similar effect is produced. long delayed to notice, and call attention ciameter: GAMALJEL GAY.

E. V. Patent Chain Cable Bults for Railway Car to, this very interesting and valuable peri- || axles, in lengths of 12 fi et 6 inches, to 13 feet 24, 24 Household Manufacture of Sugar.-A||odical. It was commenced in October last, | 3, 34, 34, 34, and 31 inches diameter. remarkable proof of the facility with which

Chains for Inclined Plaries, short and stay links, beet-root sugar

by the Managers of the American Institute, manufactured from the E. V.Cable Bolts, and proved manufactories may

be established is presented at this moment at and it has, as we are informed, and as it at the greatest strain.

India Rubber Rope for Inclined Planes, made from Wallers, in the department du Nord. Four certainly deserves to do, progressed steadily | New Zealand fax.

Also Patent Ilemp Cordage for Inclined Planes, of the villagers, by advancing 50 francs in its course of usefulness. We wish it,

and Canal Towing Lines. each, have formed a joint capital of 200 and all other periodicals devoted to useiul

Paient Felt for placing between the iron chair and francs, and with this they produced be- information, continued and abundant pros ston: block of Edge Railways,

Every description of Railway Iron, as well as Lotween 40 and 50 lbs. of sugar, of rather in- perity.

comotive Engines, imported at ihe shortest notice, by ferior quality, a day. They employ curry

the agency of one of our partners, who resides in

England for this purpose. combs to rasp the beet-roots, which they

Mr. Solomon 'w. Roberts, a highly respectable put into a napkin-press to extract the juice,


American Engineer, resides in England for the purand then boil the syrup in common culinary Office of the Sandy and Beaver Canal Co., ?

pose of inspecting all Locomotives, Machinery, Railboilers.

July 25th, 1836.

way Iron &c. ordered through us

A. & G. RALSTON. Proposals will be received at the office of the Sandy 28-tf

Philadelphia, No. 4, South Front st, and Beaver canal company, in New Lisbon, ColumGRAIN.—The Richmond Enquirer says biana county, Ohio, until Monday the 10th day of Oc

TO CONTRACTORS. that the wheat crop generally turns out even tober next. for the construction of about 50 cut stone

Engineer Department York and Malocks, 17 dams, (varying from 5 to 20 feet in height) worse than was expected. There is straw one aqueduct across the Tuscarawas River, several

ryland Line Railroad Co. enough; but the heads are withered, and bridges, and about 10 or 15 miles of canal.

York, July 10, 1836. yield comparatively few grains.

Plans and specifications of the work may be ex. PROPOSALS will be received until Saturday, the

amined at the Engineers office, New Lishon. 34th inst, in York, for the graduation and Masonry of assured that some of the farmers will not Persons unkown to the Engineer must accompany the whole line of this road, extending from the State make seed wheat—others have ploughed up their proposals with good recommendations. line to York, a distance of nearly 20 miles. This their fields without reaping_many will not

B. HANNA, President. road is a continuation of the Baltimore and SusqueE H. GILL, Chief Engineer.

30—10 10 hannah Railroad, and is the final letting on the line of make half crop; others, not a third or

Railroad from York to Baltimore. On this letting is fourth. The ravages from various causes, TO CONTRACTORS.

a Tunnel of about 300 feet in length.

Persons unknown to the undersigned must aecomthe fly, the wet, smut, freshet, &c., &c., Sealed proposals will be received at Jackson, until |pany their proposals with recommendations, are more or less felt by almost all. The the 15th day of September next, for the graduation,


Chief Engineer. complaint extends to both sides of the masonry and bridging of the 3d division (30 miles) of !he Mississippi Railroad.

WM. GIBBS M'NEILL, mountains in Virginia. But the corn looks This road is located on a pine sandy ridge, the

Consulting Engineer. well, and the oats are very fine. country is healthy, and provisions can be readily July 15, 1836.

28-130 obtained at all seasons of the year. The Baltimore American of Friday last The whole line (150 miles) will be placed under OFFICE PONTCHARTRAIN, RAILROAD Co. publishes a letter from Gloucester Court contract, as the location advances next fall; and it is

New Orleans, 19th May, 1836.

THE Board of Directors of this Company, will pay House, Va., dated July 9, which states that believed that no institution can offer greater induce: ments to goud than this.

the sum of five hundred dollars to the inventor or the crop of wheat is so very indifferent that

F. H. PETRIE, Chief Eng. projector, of a machine or plan to prevent the escape doubts are entertained whether a single


of sparks from the Chimney of Locomotive Eu ginen, Natches, June 10, 1836.

burning wood, and which shall be finally adopted fur bushel of the first quality can be obtained

23—ill Sep. 5. use of the Company. No further charge to be made in the whole county. The average will

for the right of the Company to use the same. not be more than equal to the fourth of a


By order of the Board,
ENGINEER DEPARTMENT, Lawrenceburgh and

JNO. B. LEEFE, Secretary. crop, and that fourth the poorest stuff that: Indianapolis Railroad Company, June 20, 1836. 28-3m. can be well imagined : that many of the PROPOSALS will be reeeived at this office until

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS, farmers do not consider the crop as worth the Sith of August for the graduation and masonry on the trouble of harvesting :-and that the This division commences near the Ohio River at Inal and Banking Company, at the Engineers Office,

PROPOSALS will be received by the Morris Ca. corn crop is very unpromising.

Lawrenceburgh, Indiana, and follows the Valley of Meades Basin, from the 1st to the 4th of August next;

Tanners Creek a distance of ten miles,
The Alexandria Gazett has the following Plans and Profiles of the Rouie and proposed

for the excavation, embankment, and mechanical notice of the crops in the counties of Vir works can be examined at the Engineers Office, Law. work on the long Pond Feeder, a distance of five renceburgh, Dearbor i County, Indiana.

and a half miles. Also, for the erection of a stone ginia mentioned therein :

28-tau15 JULIUS W. ADAMS, Engineer.

mda, and other work, near the outlet of Long Pond. We learn from a gentleman who has re

Plans and Specifications of the work may be seen a

the Engineers office, after the 1st of August. cently visited the counties of Fairfax, TO CONTRACTORS.

R. B. MASON, Engineer. Prince William, Fauquier, and Loudoun, PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the

29–ilang that the wheat crop in the three first named Eastern Railroad Company, Boston, between the counties will be from half to two thirds of said Road from East Busion to Newburyport, a dis

HARTFORD AND NEW HAVEN RAILROAD. 28th and 30th inst, for the grading and masonry of

The H. and N. H. Railroad Company, are prepared an average one, Loudoun not so good. In tance of 331 miles

to make immediate contracts for 200,000 running feet Frederick county the crop is represented as

The line of this road is along a favorable country, of Southern yellow pine, to measure six inches square

passing threugh Lynn, Salem, Beverly, and Ipswich, and from cighteen to thirty feet in length ; of the very indifferent, and in Jefferson, Berkely, which places will atford contractors every facility for quality best suited to receive a flat iron rail, the and many other counties beyond the Blue obtaining provisions, &c. Plans and Profiles will be above to be delivered at New Haven by the first Ridge, it is said to be almost a total failure. ready, and may be seen at the Office, after the 22 Jay of May next. Also for 200,000 running feet in


addition, to be delivered by the first day of September The rye crop is generally very indifferen:. Satisfactory recommendations must accompany the 1837, at Hartford or Middlowwn. Of the corn it is too early to judge, as much proposals of ihose who are unknown to the Engineer. PROPOSALs may be addressed to


ALEX. (.. TWINING, Engineer. yet depends upon the weather-at present

22-130; New llaven, July 19th, 1836.







NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. The subscriber would respectfully inform the pub- TO BE SOLD OR LEASED the above lic, and particularly Railroad and Bridge Corpora

KANAWHA CANAL. tasions that he will build Frame Bridges, or vend the well known establishment, situated one mile

PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the right to others to build, on Col. Long's Patient, through- from Boston. The improvements consist of, James River and Kanawha Company, in the City of out the United States, with few exceptions. The fol- No. 1. Boiler House, 50 feet by s0 feet, Richmond, from the 15th to the 23rd day of August, lowing sub-Agents have been engagd by the 'under-containing all the necessary machioery for ment and Walling not now under contract, together signed who will also attend to this business, viz. Horace Childs,

making boilers for Locomotive and other with nearly all the Culverts and the greater portion of Henniker, N. H. Alexander McArthur, Mount Morris, N. Y. steam Engines.

the Locks between Lynchburg and Maidens’ AdvenJohn Mahan,


do No. 2. Blacksmith's Shop, 50 feet by 20, Thomas H. Cushing, Dover, N. II. fitted with cranes for heavy work.

The work now advertised embraces the twenty Ira Blake, Wakefield, N. H. No. 3. Locomtive House, 54 feet by 25, Adventure Pond, the eight miles between Seven is

miles belween Columbia and the head of Maidens' Amos Whitemore, fsq., Hancock, N. H. Samuel Herrick, Springfield, Vermont.

used for putting together Locomotive En-land Falls and Scottsville, and about twenty isolated Simeon Herrick,


do gines. Several of the best Engines in use sections, reserved at the former letting, between Capt. Isaac Damon, Northampton, Mass. in the United States have been put in this Scottsville and Lynchburg. Lyman Kingsly,

do establishment.

The quantity of masonry offered is very great
Elijah Halbert
Waterloo, N. Y.

consisting of about two hundred Culverts of from three

No. 4. A three story brick building, cov.
Joseph Hebard,
Dunkirk, N. Y.

to thirty feet span; nine Aqueducts, thirty-five Locks Col. Sherman Peck, Hudson, Ohio. ered with slate, 120 feet by 46, containing a number of Wastes, with several farm and ruad Andrew E. Turnbull, Lower Sandusky, Ohio. two water-wheels, equal to 40 horse power;

William J. Turnbull,

do Machine Shop, filled with lathes, &c.; Pat and special plans of the most important Culverts and

General plans and specifications of all the work, Sabried Dodge, Esq., (Civil Engineer,) Ohio.

tern Shop ; Rolling Mill and Furnaces, ca-Aqueducts, will be found at the offices of the several Booz M. Atherton, Esq. New-Philadelphia,Ohio. Stephen Daniels,

Marietta, Ohio pable of rolling 4 tons of iron per diem, ex-Principal Assistant Engineers on the line of the Canal. John Rodgers,

Louisville, Kentucky. ||clusive of other work; three Trip Ham. The work will be prepared for examination by the John Tililson,

St. Francisville, Lous’a. mers, one of which is very large ; engine for 25th Julyl; but mechanics, well recommended, desire Capt. John Bottom, Tonawanda, Penn

blowing Cupola Furnaces, moved by water for the construction of a number of Culverts at private Nehemiah Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. lowing localities, viz. On the main road leading from Engine, which could be dispensed with;ll the subseriber, or any of the Assistant Engineers, will Bridges on the above plan are to be seen at the ful-wheel; one very superior 12 horse Steam leuing.

Persons offering to contract, who are unknown to Baltimore to Washington, two miles from the former and a variety of other machinery: place. Across the Metawarnkeag river on the Military road, in Maine. On the National road in Illinois, with a superior air Furnace, and two Cupo.

No. 5. An Iron Foundry, 80° feet by 45,|| be expected to accompany their proposals by the usual

certificates of character and ability:

CHARLES ELLET, Jr., na Rrailroad at three points. On the Hudson and las, Core oven, Cranes, &c. fitted for the

Chief Engineer of the James River

and Kanawha Company. Patterson Railroad, in two places. On the Boston and largest work. Attached to the Foundry is Worcester Railroad, at several points. On the Bos-lla rge ware house, containing Patterns for Bridges, and a number of Locks and Culverts, are

NOTE.—The Dams, Guard-Locks, most of the ton and Providence Railroad, at sundry points. Across the Castings of Hydraulic Presses, Loco-served for a future letting. Persons visiting the line the Contocook river at Hancock, NH. Across the Connecticut river at Haverl.ill, N. H. Across the

motive and other Steam Engines, Lead Mill for the purpose of obtaining work, would do well to Contoocook river, at Henniker, N. H. Across the Rolls, Geering, Shafts, Stoves, Grates, &c. call at the office of the Company in the city of RichSouhegan river, at Milford, N. H. Across the Ken- | These were made of the most durable ma mond, where any information which they may desire nebec river, at Waterville, in the state of Maine.-terials, under the direction of a

will be cheerfully communicated.

The valley of James River, between Lynchburg
Across the Genesse river, at Mount , Morris, New-||cific and practical Engineer, and are sup- and Richmond, is healthy. (20—ta 18) C. E. Jr.
York, and several other bridges are now in progress.
The undersigned has removed to Rochester, Mon-posed to be of great value.

RAILROAD CAR WHEELS AND roe county, New York, where he will promptly al- No. 6. A building, 65 feet by 36, containing| BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD tend to orders in this line of business to any practica- | a large stack of chimneys, and furnaces, for bleextent in the United States, Maryland excepted.

making Cast Steel. This building has
General Agent of Col. S. H Long.
been used as a boarding-house, and can || plete

at the Jefferson Cotton and Wool Machine Fac

Also, AXLES furnished and fitted to wheels comRochester, May 22d, 1836.

19y-tf. accommodate a large number of men. tory and Foundry, Paterson, N. J. All orders adPATENT RAILROAD, SHIP AND

No, 7. A range of buildings, 200 feet long by dressed to the subscribers at Paterson, or 60 Wall

30, containing counting room, several store street, New York, will be promptly attended to. BOAT SPIKES.

Also, CAR SPRINGS. rooms, a Brass Foundry, room for cleaning $ The Troy Iron and Nail Factory keeps con

Also, Flange Tires, turned complete. stantly for sale a very extensive assortment of Wrought| castings, a large loft for storing patterns, 18 ROGERS, KETCHUM & GROSVENOR. Spikes and Nails, from 3 to 10 inches, manufactured stable for two horses, &c. &c. by the subscriber's Patent Machinery, which after

STEPHENSON, The above establishment being on tide five years successful operation, and now almost uni- water, presents greater advantages for some Builder of a superior style of Passenger versal use in the United States, (as well as England, kinds of business than any other in the

Cars for Railroads. where the subscriber obtained a patent,) are found United States. Coal and Iron can be carried

No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street, superior to any ever offered in market.

New-York. Railroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes from vessels in the harbors of Boston, to the

RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to exahaving countersink heads suitable w the holes in iron || wharf in front of the Factory, at 25 to 30|| mine these Cars; a specimen of which may be seen mails, to any amount and on short notice. Almost all||cents per ton. Some of the largest jobs of on that part of the New-York and Harlaem Railroad the Railronds now in progress in the United States ara | iron work have been completed at this es- now in operation

J2517 : fastened with Spikes made at the above named factory--for which purpose they are found invaluable, tablishment; among others, the great chain

ALBANY EAGLE AIR FURNACE AND as their adhesion is more than double any common and lift pumps for freeing the Dry Dock at

MACHINE SHOP. spikes made by the hammer. All orders directed to the Agent, Troy, N. Y., the Navy Yard, Charleston.

WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to order, will be punctually attended to.

The situation for Railroad work is excel. | IRON Castings for Gearing Mills and Factories ar HENRY BURDEN, Agent.

lent, being in the angle formed by the cross- every description. Troy, N. Y., July, 1831.

ing of the Providence and Worcester Rail- ALSO—Sieam Engines and Railroad Castings of Spikes are kept for sale, at factory prices, by I. || roads. The Loconiotive “ Yankee,” now

every description. & J. Townsend, Albany, and the principal Iron Mer- / running on the latter road, and the" Bos- equalled in the United States.

The collection of Patterns for Machinery, is not

gly street, New-York; A. M. Jones, Philadelphia; T. || ton," purchased by the State of PennsylJanviers, Baltimore ; Degrand & Smith, Boston. vania, were built at these works. With the NOTICE OF THE NEW-YORK AND

ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY. P. S.-Railrvad Companies would do well to for- Patterns and Machinery now n the premi. ward their orders as early as practicable, as the sub-ses, 20 Locomotives, and as many tenders.

THE Company hereby withdraw their Advertise. scriber is desirous of extending the manufacturing so besides a great quantity of cars and wagons. || to prepare in time, the portions of the line proposed to

ment of 26th April, in consequence of their inability a to keep pace with the daily increasing demand for his Spikes. (1J23am) H. BURDEN. could be made per annum.

be let on the 30th June, at Binghampton, and on the For terms, apply to

Ilth of July at Monticello. Future notice shall be AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS,

THOS. J. ECKLEY, Boston, given, when proposals will be received at the above SPADES, &c.

places, for the same portions of the road. 300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Shovels or to ROBERT RALSTON, Jr. Phila.

JAMES G. KING, President. 150 de do do plain do Boston, April 21, 1835. 125—41

21-tf 150 do do do cast steel Shovels & Spades THE NEWCASTLE MANUFACTURING 150 do do Gold-mining Shovels

ARCHIMEDES WORKS. COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delaware, 100 do do plated Spades with a capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared to ex.

(100 North Moor street, N. Y.) 50 do do socket Shovels and Spades. ecute in the first style and on liberal terms, at their

New-York, February 12th, 1836. Together with Pick Axes, Churn Drills, and Crow extensive Finishing Shops and Foundries for Brass and

THE undersigned begs leave io inform the proprie. Bars (steel pointed,) mannfactured from Salisbury re- iron, situated in the town

of Newcastle

, Delaware, all tors of Railroads that they are prepared to furnish all fined iron--for sale by the manufacturing agents, orders for LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam Engines, kinds of Machinery fus Railroads, Locomotive Engines

WITHERELL, AMES & CO. and for CASTINGS of every description in Brass or of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in success

No. 2 Liberty street, New-York. Iron RAILROAD WORK of all kinds finished in fol operation on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, BACKUS, AMES & CO. the best manner, and at the shortest notice.

none of which have failed-Castings of all kinds, No. 8 State street, Albany. Orders to be addressed to

Wheels, Axles, and Boxes, furnished at shortest notice. N. B.-Also furnished to order, Shapes of every de- MR. EDWARD A. G. YOUNG,

H. R. DUNHAM & CO. scrption, made from Salisbury refined Iron. 4-ytf feb 20-ytf Superintendent, Newcastle, Del



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D. K MINOR, and



(VOLUME V.- No 32.


The Ulicensians have probably deverf motion it was not too difficult to imagine that' Utica and Schenectady Railroad....... 497 receivel 20 many visitapis in one hour's||they were closing in upon us. T'he village Communication relating to Canals; Hackney

time-the lown seemed literaily to over. | of Herkimer next comes to view, and frotti' Coachmen....


How with people. Report of the Water Commissioners. 499

this point, there is a fine view up the valley Geological Survey of the State....


The depoi ai Utica, as well as that all of the West Canada, seeming to give an Planting, No. 2..

501 Scheneciady, is most admirably arranged, ||earnest of the beauty of Trenton falls. Thames Tunnel.....

502 the car-houses, work-shops, &c., being so The valley now narrows, the road having Railroad liems.


situated, that each has the best location for || crossed the stream by a fine bridge. The Agricu ture, &c.


its own use, and at the same time, the rela- || bills now seem to sbut our att ingress, and Advertisements..


live position of the buildings is perfecily one unacquainted with the spot is puzzled AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. symmetrical.

to find how the canal, river and railroad are We returned on Tuesday, leaving Ulicato penetrate. A point is turned showing NEW-YORK, AUGTST 13, 1836.

at 8 o clock, with about 300 passengers—ihe village of Little Falls, its mills appear.' Owing to delay in preparing the wood This being ihe first regular trip upon the ing as if washed by some mighıy fresher cuis, the article on the “ Thames Tunnel,” road.

into the bed of the stream. commenced in No. 14, has not been con

From the lengih of the train, and sonie The tourist having his doubts for a motinued until this No.

olher circumstances is:cident to an untrav-ment dispersed, is again confined by anotber Other articles of great length, have also seled road-such as stiffness of machinery embrace of the hills, and directly in the prevented the insertion of portions of it. and cars—we did noi arrive at Schenectady midst of them, with hardly the appearance

ubiil half pilst two, ibough we are confi.of an oulet either way. UTICA AND SCHENECTADY RAILROAD. dent that with the same number of passen. Al this place the road itself is an objeci'

We congratulate ihe public in general gers the trip can be made in less than four of great interest, at one moment passing and all lovers of fine scenery in particular, hours

. In fact, the main thar lest Ulica un through a space of soek, and at the next; upon the opening of this read. On Mon Monday a!ternoon at 4 o'clock, arrived a banging to the side of the bak by the firmday, August the first, a large party of gen-Schenectady at 8 o'cluck: making about sness of its own structure. tlemen, the Vice President among the nuin- bours running time. Notwithstanding this The road now leaves the gorge, andi ber, left Albany by tlre Hudson and Mo. delay, having lett Utica on Tuesday, at 8 crosses the plain, the character of the hawk Road, in a train of cars between two A. M., we arrived in New York on Wednes- scenery remaining similar,until at the Nose, engines, as far as the suminii, from which day, at half past 5 A. M.-iime actually where another pass charms the eye by its we descended with one. After a short de-employed in going, 194 hours.

surprises. lay at Schenectady, the party were seated From the nature of the location of this We consider that the construction of this in twenty cars, ien of wbich, taken by road, it is mostly an embankmeni-keeping road reflects great credil upon the Direct. each locomotive, soon began to whirl away. the bottom lands, and still elevated above ors, Engineer's and Superintendant. Med

The company have erected a bridge over the highest freshers that ever occur. Young, assisted by Messrs. Higham & The Mohawk, of considerable length. In Almost every one is familiar with the Lee, has the eredit of having completed the bank beyond, a deep cut is being made fine scenery of this most beautiful valley, one of the most essential routes is our for the direct line of the road, which mean. but we have never seen it to such advan-chain of railroad, while follows the cut for the Saratoga road. Tage as on the day of our return on the rail- The cheapness of the road' is in agreea

Throughout the whole length the grades road. The rapid presentation to ibe eye of We contrast with other works in the same are very moderate, and the journey can be striking points in the view, strongly re- || region. performed in a very short time. Owing 10 minded us of a moving panorama.

It was necessary, in compliance with an some delay on this occasion, we did not The rich scenery around Utica first preact of legislature, 10 purchase the turnpike, seach Utica until half past two, or three sented itself, with its hills gradually meet-for which the sum of $64,000 was given. o'clock,

ing in advance of us, and with the rapid Including this, machinery, eiglav iocoma


lives, depois, &c., the cost per mile is 11 Chenango canal are built entirely of stone|| gether with their numerous and enormous $20,000; while idee Mohawk road cosi laid in Hydraulic cenient.

impositions, make it our duty to let the $60,000 per mile.

5th. That ibe cust of tin ber for the locks, public see what they ought to be paid. The Nearly $4000 were received on the first bridges, acqueducts and other structures coachmen forget that in the end they lose day-proving ihat this will become one oil upon the Chenango cana), is much

money by these impositions, for the dearer the most useful roads in our State. One than the cost of the same material on the the fare is, the less the demand will be for

coaches, and the greater the liability to immost happy result from the completion oil proposed route from Ulica to Oswego.

position, the less inclined people will be to this road will be its effect to accelerate the 61h. That owing to the peculiar relative

put themselves in a condition to be imposed western road, completing the continuous | situations of the iwo canals in question,

upon. The fares now demanded are higher line of railroad from Albany 1o Buffalo.

the number and cost of road and farm than in any city in England, where evəry We understand that Mr. Davison, who bridges upon the Chenango canal, exceeds thing is so dear, and far higher than in any has acted as superintendant to the entire what is required upon the route from Utica city upon the continent: but the fares fixed satisfaccion of all parties, has resigned to Oswego, for the saine purpose. It is by law, we copy below, as taken from the while the services of Mr. Young are re

true that the erection of farm bridges was Corporation laws, and we advise our readtained.

not contemplared upon the latter route, be-ers to cut out and lay by the article for the

ing incompa uble with the character of the purpose of using it when occasion demands. D. K. MINOR :navigation, but damages were entered in

Five dollars are often demanded for taSirIn the Railroad Journal of the 16th June estimate for their omission, which would king strangers from one hotel to another,

when the hotels are full, but the privilege of alt., is an article from the New York more than cover the cost of their construc

keeping the carriage all day, and of going American, over the signature of - M,” from tion. which the following is an extract:

7th. That the expense of constructing ne- but five dollars. Passengers, under the

to and returning from Kingsbridge, costs “ The Ship or Steamboat caual surveyed cessary Reservoirs, Feeders &c., for the sup- Corporation laws, can go to Harlem and by E. F. Johnson, Esq., between Urica and ply of the Chenango canal, constitutes a return, with the privilege of remaining three Oswego, is estimated for a canal of 30 feel prominent item in the cost of that work,hours, for five dollars. *width of surface and 8 feet deep, and has and that it is disunctly stated in Mr. John. The price to 86th street, for one passen1804 feet of lockage; the distance is son's report pages 31 and 47, that this item ger, remaining one hour, and returning is 924 miles, and the aggregale estimate is of expense on the poposed canal, from Utica two dollars, and for every additional pas$1,131,9-9, which is at the rate of only to Oswego, was not en braced in his esti-senger fifty cents. $19,237,06 per inile. I wish to inquire il mate; surveys for the purpose were contem

The price for one passenger to 61st whether there may not be some error in this plated, but want of line and other cir- street, and remaining three quarters of an

hour and returning, $1 50; every additional estinate and if it be possible to construci cumstances prevented ibeir execution.” a Ship canal of ihese dimensions, at a less The cost per mile from Ulica to Oswego

passenger, 37 cents.

To Fortieth street, remaining half an sum than $12,500 per mile ? Tuis estilof that portion which is actually canal, in: | hour and returning, $1 ; every additional mate is but little more than one half the cluding lockage, will therefore far exceed

the amount stated in the com

passenger 25 cents. cost of construction of the Chenango canai munication of “M.”

To the new Alms house and returning, with wood locks, is less than half the cost On page 21, of Mr. Johnson's report, will 75 cents, and for every additional

passenof the construction of the Unica and be found the following. “In calculating ger and returning, 37} cents. Schenectady railroad, and if I am rightly the quaatity and value of labor and materi


conveying a passenger any distance informed, about one fourih of the cost

als, I have endeavored to give each their exceeding a mile, and within two miles, 50 of the railroads that lead in three direc-structed before any important change shall| 25 cents.

full value, so that should the canal be

cents ;
and for

every additional passenger, tions from the city of Bosion.”

take place in the current value of those artiHad the writer of the preceding examined (cles, the cost will not differ materially from

To conveying a passenger any distance Mr. Johnson's Report and the Reports upon

The result as siated in the estimate." not exceeding one mile, 25 cents; and for the Chenango canal with the attention price of provisions and labor, and in the

The recent extraordinary advance in the every additional passenger, 25 cents. which an honest minded man would have value of land and materials, will render it one or more passenge.s, with the privilege

The Hackney coach for the hour wita done, before calling in question, in so pub-proper 10 augment proportionately, the sum of going from place to place and of stopdic a manner, the accuracy of Mr. Johnson's Total in his estimaie, and when so augestimates he would have found,

mented the cost will be less than that of any ping, --costs for the first hour $1, for the Ist, That the route on which the estilround in the United States of equal esieni, ceeding hour 50 cents.

navigable communication which can be second hour 75 cents, and for every sucmate was made from Ulica 1o Oswego, com-dinensions and importance.

The Hackney coachman has no legal prised ifty seven miles of Lake and inn. In conclusion, I will add, that the Ontario right to demand or to receive any pay for proved River navigation, leaving but thirty

and Hudson canal when opened, on a scale the conveyance of a passenger, unless the five and two third miles of artificial canal, wil!, in connexion with the proposed Niaga

equal 10, or larger, than that contemplated, number of the carriage and the rates of fare ten and a half miles only of which was new ra canal be found of more importance to

are fixed

upon the carriage. canal. the commercial interests of the States, and

There is a penalty of $10 for asking a 2nd. That the total amount of lockage

Territories west, and the States east, than larger price than the law entitles the coach

any other navigable communication which man to. A penalty of $10 is also inflicted upon the Chenango canal was, between can be found between the Atlantic and the upon the driver of a coach, when on any 1000 and 1100 feet, being nearly or quite Lakes.

Utica. of the public stands, or whilst waiting for six times the total amount of lockage on


employment, when tendered his fare, if te the proposed canal from Utica to Oswego.

refuses to carry any person or persons to Srd. That the locks upon the Chenango The following article, from the New- any place or places on the island of Newcanal are not “wood locks," but are builı|| York Express, may be of service to some

York. principally of stone, a portion being laid in of our readers. Every one who visits or carriage, is under a legal obliga

Every driver or owner of a Hackney cement and the remainder dry wall, with a York should understand, and be governed || tion to carry upon his coach with his passimber and plank lining to the chambers ; || by it, when using a Hack. the dimensions of the walls not being ma.

senger one trunk, or other article used for HACKNEY COACHMEN.

travelling, without compensation therefor, terially different from what would be re

The difficulties constantly increasing be- and for every article more than one, he is quired for an entire stope lock.

tween the Hackney coachmen of this city entitled to 6 cents, for one mile, and if 4th. That some of the locks upon the and our citizens, as well as strangers, to-more, to 12 cents.





We have been applied to frequently for||tions as the subject appeared to call for||portant that they should be put in possesinformation in regard to the progress of the from them.

sion of proper maps of the land, both of "Water Works,” both by citizens and oth- The act of the legislature, under which that necessarily to be overflowed, as well as ers, taking an interest in an undertaking of the commissioners are now organised, was that on which the acqueduct was to be built, such magnitude. During a recent visit to passed the 2d of May, 1834. This act in order that they might inform the owners Philadelphia, we felt jealous of our fellow authorised a re-examination of the whole of the quantity wanted, and be prepared to citizens, where we beheld the pure and subject; directed the commissioners to negotiate with them for its purchase. sparkling water poured over the streets in agree upon a plan for introducing a suffi- The quantity of land to be overflowed every direction, and tempering the heat of water in the city, and to report the same to Cartwright, in the month of November,

cient quantity of pure and wholesome was furnished the commissioners by Mr. an otherwise insupportable day. the common council.

1835, and they immediately commenced The following is the first official report, In the month of July following, the Com- | negociations with the owners for its purthat we have seen published since the com- || mon Council passed an ordinance appro- coase. They were enabled to purchase mencenent of the undertaking. We hope priating $500 to defray the expenses of of the land around the Croton reservoir, that the dificulties may be removed forth. || re-examining the subject and the commis- two hundred and forty-one acres fortywith, and that we may safely enjoy thesioners immediately thereafter engaged Da- four hundreths, and there still remain to be pleasure of the introduction of that purest vid B. Douglas and John Martineau, purchased or to be acquired through the of all streams, the Croton--in anuicipation Esquires, civil engineers, to make the ne- intervention of commissioners, two hundred At least,

cessary surveys and levels of the whole and fifty-four acres forty-eight hundreths. route from the Croton to this city. Mr. The engineers spent the whole summer

Martineau completed his work, and pre- of 1835 at field-work, and did not leave August 1, 1836.

sented his report on the 25th January, that work until about the eighth of January, The following communication was re- 1835, and Mr. Doughlas on the first of 1836. A party was then formed for office ceived from the water commissions, which February next thereafter-both reports duty during the winter, consisting of eight was laid on the table, and 500 copies or were accompanied with maps and draw- persons, including the chief engineer. dered printed ings in elucidation on the subject.

The necessity of possessing the maps of J. MORTON, clerk.

The report of the commissioners was the land, on the line of the acqueduct, was re

presented to the Common Council on the peatedly urged on the attention of the engiTo the honorable the common council 16th of February, 1835, and in the month neers, but they were not completed when the of the city of New York.

of Marek thereafter, the plan proposed by time arrived for the party again to take the The water commissioners beg leave to the commissioners was approved and or- field, which was on the l'1th of April, 1836. lay before the common council a briefidered to be submitted to the electors at the The whole line of acqueduct has been restatement of the situation and progress of ensuing election for eharter officers, in surveyed during the presert summer, being the great work they are engaged in, com- April; and it was adopted by the electors the fourth survey and level of the line unmencing at the date of their first entering| by a large majority of eleven thousand three der the direction of the present engineer, upon the duties of their office, and contin-| hundred and sixty-seven votes.

and as a reason why the maps were not uing down to the present period. They In the month of May following, the prepared at an earlier day, we are informed deve deemed this expose necessary, both | Common Council passed an ordinance in-by Mr. Douglas that some important imfor the information of the citizens gene- || strụcting the commissioners to proceedprovements had been made in the course rally, as well as that of your honorable with the work, and authorised the creation of the aqueduct, that would shorten the body; the first being the source from of a public stock or fund, to defray the ex-distance, and lessen the curves, and it was whenee the means are derived, and the pense of carrying the said plan into effect

. therefore only on the 11th of June, 1836, second the legal check upon any improper On the 2d day of June thereafter, ibe that we were put into possession of a porhise of those means.

commissioners appointed David B. Dough- tion of the aforesaid maps, and the remainUnder the temporary act of the legisla-las, Esq. their chief engineer, and directed der of them was furnished on the 17th of ture, passed the 26th of February, 1833,|| him to organise a proper corps of engineers the same month, the commissioners were only authorised to as soon as practicable. He reported as

The number of persons composing the examine the feasibility and expense of sup-|| necessary to form said corps, 5 engineers, engineer corps, now consists plying this city with pure and wholesome including himself, 5 rodmen, and 7 laborers gineers, including the chief, eight rodmen, water, and by the authority given them by and chainmen, who were duly appointed and four chainmen and laborers, making a this act, they appointed Canvass White and by the commissioners. The party, con-toal of nineteen persons. David B. Douglas, esquires, civil en-sisting of 17 persons, proceeded to the

During the session of the legislature of gineers, to ascertain whether any of the field of operation, and commenced work 1836, a very strong remonstrance was prestreams or rivers, in the county of West-on or about the 6th day of July, 1835. sented to that honorable body by some of ehester, would afford such supply, and the They were directed first to run and stake the inhabitants of Westchester, against the practicability and expense of introducing||out a line around the reservoir, to be formed provisions of the act, authorising the necesit.

Mr. White, however, was prevented by damming the Croton; the line to include sary land to be taken by commissioners, by sickpess from performing his portion of one rod of land above that which would be and complaints were also made to the wathe work, and it devolved on Mr. Douglas overfowed by the backing up of the water ter commissioners, by others, that the act to make the necessary examinations. He of the river, and George W. Cartwright, of the 2d of May, 1834, did not sufficiently reported to the commissioners on the first Esq. was engaged to survey the land that secure their rights. The first complaints of Nov. 1833, that the Croton was the pro- I would thus be overflowed, and to furnish/ proposed, per source; the quantity ample, the practi-l the commissioners with maps of the quan

ist. That the legal possession and the cability of introducing it undoubted, the tity belonging to each individual,

use of the land should remain with the oricost about five millions of dollars, and the

They were next directed to stake outginal owners, after being paid for by the time required about five years. He furthe line of the aqueduct from the Croton corporation.

. nished them at the same time, with a large to the Harlem river, and also the width of

2d. That if the land was not used for map of the country designating the several the land required for building said acque- the aqueduct, after being paid for, it should trial levels he had run, and the line finally ducts and Culverts, and forming the seces- revert back to those from whom it was obo fixed upon for the aqueduct from the Cro

sary exeavacations and embankments. tained. ton to the Harlem river, and from thence

The commissioners are not authorised 3d. That provision should be made to to the several reservoirs on the island of|| to use any of the land necessary for the prevent trespasses on the property of the New York. On the 12th of November,|) works until it is acquired either by purchase inhabitants, the commissioners reported these facts to or by appraisers appointed for the purpose

4th. That the persons through whose the common council, with such observa- by the Chancellor. It was, therefore, im- land the aqueduct passed, should have the

seven en

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