Lapas attēli






The subscriber would respectfully inform the pub TO BE SOLD OR LEASED the above PROPOSALS will be received at the Oslice of the lic and particularly Rai vad and Bridge Corpura- well known establishment, situated one mile Richmond, from the 15th to the 23rd day of August, |out the Uuited States, with few exceptions. The folJames River and Kanawha Company, in the City of right to others to build, on Col. Long's l'at' nt, through-|from Boston, The improvements consist of,

No. 1. Boiler House, 50 feet by 30 feet, for the construction of all the Excavation, Embank- lowing sub-Agents have been engagid by the under-| containing all the necessary machinery for ment and Walling not now under contract, wgether signed who will also attend to this business, viz. with nearly all the Culverts and the greater portion of

making boilers for Locomotive and other Hurace Childs,

llenniher, N. H. the Locks between Lynchburg and Maidens' Adven

Alexander McArthur, Mount Morris, N. Y.

steam Engines. John Vahan,


do No. 2. Blacksmith's Shop, 50 feet by 20, The work now advertised embraces the twenty

'Thomas II. Cushing, Dover, N. H. miles between Colunubia and the head of Maidens'

fitted with cranes for heavy work.

Ira l'like, Adventure Pond, the eight miles between Seven Is.

Wakefield, N. H.

No. 3. Locomtive House, 54 feet by 25, land Falls and Scottsville, and about twenty isolated

Amox Whitemore, Fsq., Hancock, N. H.

Samuel Herrick, sections, reserved at the former leuting, between

Springfield, Vermont.

used for putting together Loconuotive En. Simeon Herrick,


do Scuttsville and Lynchburg.

gines. Several of the best Engines in use The quantity of masonry offered is very great

Capt. Isaac Damon, Northampton, Mass. in the United States have been put in this consisting of about two hundred Culverts of from three

Lyınan Kingsly,

do establishment. Elijah Halbert,

Waterloo, N. Y. to thirty feet span; nine Aqueducis, thirty-five Locks

No. 4. A three story brick building, cov. a number of Wastes, with several farin and road

Joseph Ilebard,

Dunkirk, N. Y.

Col. Sherman Peck, Bridges.

Hudson, Ohio.

ered with slate, 120 feet by 46, containing

Andrew E. Turnbull, General plans and specifications of all the work,

Lower Sandusky, Ohio. two water-wheels, equal to 40 horse puwer; William J. Turnbull,


do and special plans of the most important Culverts and

Machine Shop, filled with lathes, &c.; Pat Aqueducts, will be fuund at the oflices of the several

Sabried Dodge, Esq., (Civil Engineer,) Ohio.
Booz M. Atherton, Esq.

tern Shop ; Rolling Mill and Furnaces, caPrincipal Assistant Engineers on the line of the Canal

New-i’hiladelphia, Ohio. The work will be prepared for examination by the

Stephen Daniels,

pable of rolling 4 tons of iron per diem, ex

Marietta, Ohio

John Rodgers, 25th July; but mechanics, well recommended, desir

Louisville, Kentucky.

clusive of other work ; three Trip Ham. Jhn Tililson,

St. Francisville, Lous'a. || mers, one of which is very large; engine for ous of immediate employment, can obtain contracts for the construction of a numbur of Culverts at private

Capt John Bottom, Tona wanda, Penn

blowing Cupola Furnaces, moved by water

Nehemiah Osborn, letting.

Rochester, N. Y. Persons offering to contract, who are unknown to

Bridges on the above plan are to be seen at the ful. I wheel ; one very superior 12 horse Steam the subscriber, or any of the Assistant Engineers

, will lowing localities, viz. On the main road leading from Engine, which could be dispensed with; be expected to accompany their proposals by the usual Baltimore to Washington, two miles from the former and a variety of other machinery. certificates of character and ability.

No. 5. An Iron Foundry, 80 feet by 45, CHARLES ELLET, Jr.,

tary road, in Maine. On the National road in Illinois, l with a superior air Furnace, and two CupoChief Engineer of the James River and Kanawha Company.

na Rrailroad :st three points. On the Hudson and las, Core oven, Cranes, &c. fitted for the Note. The Dams, Guard-Locks, most of the Parterson Railroad, in two places. On the Boston and largest work. Attached to the Foundry is

Worcester Railroad, at several points. On the Bos- a large ware-house, containiug Patterns for served for a future letting. Personis visiting the lime son and Providence Railroad, at sundry, points. Across the Castings of Hydraulic Presses, Loco

the fur the purpose of ublaining work, would do well to

motive and other Steam Engines, Lead Mill Connecticut call at the office of the Company in the city of Rich-Contvocock river, at Henniker, N. II. Across the Rolls, Geering, Shafts, Stoves, Grates, &c.

Across the mond, where any information which they may desire will be cheerfully communicated.

Souhegan river, at Milford, N. II. Across the Ken- | These were made of the most durable ma. The valley of James River, between Lynchburg Across the Genesse river, at Mount Morris, New-tific and practical Engineer, and are sup

nebec river, at Waterville, in the state of Maine.- ||terials, under the direction of a very scienand Richmond, is healthy. (20—1a13) C E.Jr.

York, ond several other bridges are now in progress.
RAILROAD CAR WHEELS AND The undersigned has removed to Rochester, Mon | posed to be of great value.
BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD roe county, New-York, where he will promptly al-

No. 6. A building, 65 feet by 36, containing

tend to orders in this line of business to any practica- a large stack of chimneys, and furnaces, for bleextent in the United States, Maryland excepted.

making Cast Steel. This building has Also, AXLES furnished and fitted to wheels com


been used as a boarding-house, and can plete at the Jefferson Coiton and Wool Machine Fac.

General Agent of Col. S. H Long. lory and Foundry, Paterson, N. J. All orders ad. Rochester, May 22d, 1836.

19y-if. accommodate a large number of inen. dressed to the subscribers at Paterson, or 60 Wall street, New-York, will be promptly attended ty. PATENT RAILROAD, SHIP AND ||30, containing counting room, several store

No, 7. A range of buildings, 200 feet long by Also, CAR SPRINGS.

BOAT SPIKES. Also, Flange Tires, :urned complete.

rooms, a Brass Foundry, room for cleaning 18 ROGERS, KÉTCHUM & GROSVENOR.

KT The Troy Iron and Nail Factory keeps con: castings, a large lost for storing patterns, STEPHENSON,

Spikes and Nails, from 3 to 10 inches, manufactured stable for two horses, &c. &c.

by the subscriber's Patent Machinery, which after The above establishment being on tide Builder of a superior style of Passenger five years successful operation, and now almost uni- water, presents greater advantages for some Cars for Railroads.

versal use in the United States, (as well as England, kinds on business than any other in the No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street,

where the subscriber obtained a patent,) are found United States. Coal and Iron can be carried New-York.

superior to any ever offered in market. RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to exa Railroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes from vessels in the harbors of Boston, to the mine these Cars; a specimen of which may be seen having countersink heads suitable to the holes in iron wharf in front of the Factory, at 25 to 30 on that part of the New York and Harlaem Railroad rails, to any amount and on short notice. Almost all cents per ton. Some of the largest jobs of nuw in operation


the Railroads now in progress in the United States are iron work have been completed at this es

fastened with Spikes made at the above named facALBANY EAGLE AIR FURNACE AND tory-for which purpose they are found invaluable,

tablishment; among others, the great chain MACHINE SHOP.

as their adhesion is more than double any common and lift pumps for freeing the Dry Dock at WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to order. spikes made by the hammer.

the Navy Yard, Charleston. IRON CASTINGS for Gearing Mills and Factories o

All orders directed to the Agent, Troy, N. Y.,

The situation for Railroad work is excel. every description.

will be punctually attended to. ALSO—Sienin Engines and Railroad Castings o


lent, being in the angle formed by the crossevery description.

Troy, N. Y., July, 1831.

ing of ine Providence and Worcester RailThe collection of Patterns for Machinery, is no

Spikes are køpt for sale, at factory prices, by 1. roads. 'The Locomotive “ Yankee,” now equalled in the United States,

& J. Townsend, Albany, and the principal Iron Mer- running on the latter road, and the “ BosNOTICE OF THE NEW-YORK AND stroet, New-York; A. M. 'Jones, Philadelphia; T./ton,” purchased by the State of PennsylERIE RAILROAD COMPANY. Janviers, Baltimore; Degrand & Smith, Boston.

vania, were built at these works. With the

P. S.-Railroad Companies would do well to for- Patterns and Machinery now n the premiTHE Company hereby withdraw their Advertise

ward their orders as early as practicable, as the sub-ses, 20 Locomotives, and as many tenders, ment of 26th April, in consequence of their inability scriber is desirr us of extending the manufacturing so besides a great quantity of cars and wagons, to prepare in time, the portions of the line proposed to be let on the 30th June, at Binghampton, and on the his Spikes.

as to keep pace with the daily increasing demand for
(1J23an) H. BURDEN.

could be made per annum. Ilth of July at Monticello. Future notice shall be

For terms, apply to given, when proposals will be received at the above AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS,

THOS.J. ECKLEY, Boston, places, for the same portions of the road.

JAMES G. KING, President.

or to ROBERT RALSTON, Jr. Phila.
300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Shovels

150 do
do plain

Boston, April 21, 1835. j25—40


150 do do do cast steel Shovels & Spades X THE NEWCASTLE MANUFACTURING ARCHIMEDES WORKS. 150 do do Gold-mining Shovels

COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delaware, (100 North Moor street, N. Y.)

do plated Spades

with a capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared to exNew-YORK, February 12th, 1836. 50 do do socket Shovels and Spades.

ecute in the first style and on liberal terms, at their THE undersigned begs leave to inform the proprie- | Together with Pick Axes, Churn Drills, and Crow extensive Finishing Shops and Foundries for Brass and tors of Railroads that they are prepared to furnish all Bars (steel pointed,) mannfactured from Salisbury re- || Iron, situated in the town of Newcastle, Delaware, all kinds of Machinery for Railroads, Locomotive Engines lined iron-for sale by the manufacturing agents, orders for LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam Engines, of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in success

WITHERELL, AMES & CO. and for CASTINGS of every description in Brass or ful operation on the Camden and Amboy Railroad,

No. 2 Liberty street, New York. || Iron RAILROAD WORK of all kinds finished in none of which have failed-Castings of all kinds,


the best manner, and at the shortest notice. Wheels, Axles, and Buxes, furnished at shortest notice.

No. 8 State street, Albany. Orders to be addressed to
H. R. DUNHAM & CO. N. B.-Also furnished to order, Shapes of every de. MR. EDWARD A. G. YOUNG,

4-yti scrption, made from Salisbury refined Iron. 4-ýlf feb 20-yu Superintendent, Newcastle, Del

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D. K MINOR, and



(VOLUME V.-No. 31.

From the Savannah Georgian.




chie Ridge; along its summit we continue Editorial Notices; Knoxville Convention... 481

15 miles, and thence descend a small stream Eastern Railroad..

called Camp Creek, three miles to Hazei Champlain and St. Lawrence Railroad , Report. 431 General Tallmadge's Letters.. 486 Report of J. Edgar Thompson, Engineer, following a smail branch, cross the Ridge

Creek, hence up the Hazel one mile, and Beet Root Sugar... Agriculture, etc..

491 as to the practicability of running a rail-parting it from the Looquer river, and fall Advertisements.. 495

into the valley of the latier, on or near the

by Mr. McNair’3, in Murray county or mouth of Deep Creek. From Athens to AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. Walker.

the Poplar Spring, the ground is unusually

Knoxville, July 5th, 1835. NEW-YORK, AUGUST 6, 1836.

favorable for the construction of a railroad, To William DEARING, Esq.

and will not require, at any point, ar inTo ENGINEERS.-We have once or twice

President of the Geo. R. R. & B. Co.:

clination of more than 30 feet per mile be. spoken of the importance to Engineers of Sir :- In pursuance of a resolution of tween the Poplar Spring and the Looquer, giving early and specific orders for Instrn- the stockholders of the Georgia railroad the ground is uneven, rendering necessary, ments. The demand is so great that very and Banking company, I have the honor unless a heavy expense should be incurred few can be had for months after the orders to communicate to you the result of my ex- in the graduations, inclinations of from 50

aminations of the country between Athens, to 60 feet per mile; the curvature, however are given.

Georgia, and Knoxville, Tennessee, made will be easy. We desire now to say to those who wish

to ascertain the practicability of construct Entering the valley of Looquer, a tributo order Instruments through us, that they ing the proposed railroad from Charles-tary of the Chattahoochie, we ascend along will save time in all case by giving specific ton to Cincinnati and Louisville through its margin by an easy and uniform inclinadirections what they wish us to order for Georgia.

tion not exceeding 20 feet per mile, without them—as every thing must be ordered and The limited period consumed in these ex. encountering any material difficulty, until take its turn--and the order will be givenaminations will prevent me from making we reach Hamilion's Mill, where the river in their name, and information given as to at this time, more than a general statement becomes and continues very sinuous for a the time when the order will be completed. lof the facts developed in the course of the distance of three miles—in this space the

reconnoisance. These, however, are suffi-| stream must be crossed at several points, Urica and SCHENECTADY RAILROAD. || cient to enable me to state with perfect and deep excavations made torough some This road was open to the public on the 1st certainty, that no stationary engine will be of the spurs of the hill projecting into the instant, having been completed in less than to Knoxville ; and a rise at two points only though still circuitous, are favorable to Rainstant, having been completed in less than required on the whole route from Augusta valley: Passing these the river banks, two years.

extending 40 feet per mile. In this opin- per's Creek. Thence we ascend Raper to On Tuesday the 2nd, in the two morninglion I am fully sustained by Col. Brisbane, its source encountering little obstruction, trips, over 500 persons passed over this an Engineer of South Carolina, who ac- except at its passage through the Oaky road, this being the first day on which fare companied me in my examinations from Mountain, when it falls perpendicularly 15 was taken.

Athens to the summit of the Blue Ridge. | feet, at which point some expensive work The road promises great facility to trav

Commencing at Athens (a distance by will be required. Leaving Raper we cross ellers, and as great profit to the stockhold- | railroad 248 miles from Charleston,) we as-the Ridge parting it from Talalah, and de

cend the left bank of the Oconee river, to scend a small stream to the right bank

Big Sandy creek, thence we pursue the of the latter ; up this, we ascend one mile, We were present at the celebration, and Western slope of the latter stream, gradual- and cross the river just below the entrance shall give particulars in our next. ly rising to the summit of the Ridge, se- of Wild Cat Creek; upon this portion of

parating it from the Oconee, continuing on the line no gradation will be required exGEOLOGICAL Surver.—The Governor of this Ridge a short distance we have the ceeding 40 feet per mile. After crossing the State has completed the arrangement of waters of the Savannah river on the right, the Talalah, we follow Simpson Creek be the detail of this survey, and most of the land at the Poplar Spring, 37 miles from tween 5 and 6 miles, then a small branch nominations have been made. We look Athens, those of the Chattahoochie flowing one mile at the head of which we pass forward to the results of this movement of into the Gulf of Mexico on the left. Thishe Sad-lle, a low depression between the our State with intense interest.

Ridge is here denominated the Chattahoo Grassy Mountain and the Blue Ridge, di



viding the waters of the Talalah and Passing the mouth of the Tuckaseige, which is much shorter than that described ; the Stecoa. To overcome this elevation, the course of the river becomes more uni- and in his opinion would entirely obviate we contemplate a rise not exceeding 70 form, the curves of its banks, though of- the necessity of using an inclination exfeet per mile, and a short tunnel to pass i ten abrupt, can with few exceptions be fol- ceeding 40 to 55 feet per mile, to reach under the Ridge 75 feel below jis apex, and lowed without difficulty. It will probably the Blue Ridge. Thus exhibiting the un800 yards in length. Passing the Saddlebe necessary to cross the stream twice, be- || prcedented spectacle of a continuous line we descend Cobbs Creek, a branch of the fore we have entirely passed Smokey of railroad of 323 miles in length traverStecoa, over an even ground 34 miles, - Mountain, thence to the point of the Chill- sing for upwards of 100 miles a mountainthence turning North, we enter the valley | honee Mountain, the ground is favorable. ous region on which locommotive engine of the Stecoa, leaving Clayton on the right, Turning the Chillhonee Mountain nearly power can be advantageously used, withand ascend to the summit of the Blue Ridge a direct course can be obtained by Mary- | out interruption throughout its whole exat the Rabun Gap, our inclination not ex- ville through a rich limestone valley to tent. ceeding 30 feet to the inile. Knoxville a distance of 27 miles.

Having now concluded my observations To comprehend the ease with which the

The gradations after passing the Blue on the route by the valley of the Little ascent to the Blue Ridge is effected at this Ridge will not exceed at any point 35 feet Tennessee, I will call your attention to point it is only necessary to recur to the cir


another line which has been suggested pascumstance that that portion of Georgia lying

sing through a fertile region of country enat the foot of the Blue Ridge, (which here of the cost of forming the road bed for tirely around the Blue Ridge. This route forms the backbone of the U. States) is on a single track railroad over the route ex- would have been examined had my time elevated table land. This feature of the amined.

permitted, the information desired, however, country will be manifest to any one who For a double track it will be a safe cal- is partly supplied by the reports of Col. will inspect the maps of Georgia and ob- culation to add two thirds of the amount Long on the Mississippi and Atlantic railserve the singular direction of the Chatta-estimated for a single road.

road, and Mr. Nichols on the Coosa river, hoocie river. Its course, it will be perceiv- From Athens to the Poplar

now before me. ed, runs parallel with the Ridge, from

Springs, 37 miles

$182,000 From an examination of these reports I which issues the watters of nearly all the From Poplar Springs to the

should consider the route, entirely practicarivers which rise in the State and fall into

Talalah, 45 miles

392,000 ble. Mr. Nichols states the important the Atlantic-the elevation of its* bed bes From Talalah to the Blue

fact that the ridge separating the waters of ing scarcely less than their source. The

Ridge, 14 miles

164,000 Talalah river at that point we cross it, From the Blue Ridge to

the Tennessee and Coosa is only 131 feet

above the head of boat navigation on the flows through this table land-descending

Whitakers, 35 miles

168,000 waters of Hiwassee. rapidly to its verge where it is precipitated From Whitakers to the

The route leaving Athens would cross by a succession of rapids and perpendicu. lar falls in the space of two miles, a heighth From Tuckaseige to Chill

Tuckasiege 15 miles 244,000 the West prong of the Oconee, and thence

follow the ridge, separating it from the of 800 to 1000 feet, and thence flows with

honee Mountain 38

Apalachee to the Chattahoochee, thence a rapid current to meet the Chalaga a dis


304,000 crossing this river it would pass through tance of five or six miles.

From Chillhonee Moun. At this intersection it is understood that

counties Forsyth, Cherokee, Cass, and

tain to the Holetoo at Capt. Bache made the descent from the

Murray, to the State lice near McNairs

Knoxville, 27 miles Blue Ridge at the Rabun Gap, to be be

202,000 thence, there is a beautiful limestone valley 211 miles

$1,656,000 tween 15 or 1600 feet; consequently the

to Knoxville, passing Calhoun, Athens,

(Tenn.) Madison and Maryville. Talalah, at the point we cross it, cannot be

Add 12 per

cent for conmore than three or four hundred feet below

The length of the road in this direction the Gap.

tingencies and superin

would be about 250 miles. tendance,

198,000 It is also believed, that after a more care

The most important advantages which ful examination of this country shall have

this line of improvement presents, is the

Total, been made that other approaches to the

$1,854,000 |facility with which a counection may be Gap may be found which will afford even From the above estimate it appears that formed with the Tennessee river at or begreater facilities to ascend it than the route the length of the road from Athens to low Dallas. This river is navigable for we have pointed out.

Knoxville is 211 miles, and that the ave- eight months in the year for steamboats The Rabun Gap is the head of a wide rage cost of graduating the road bed will drawing three and an half feet water up to and fertile valley expanding as we descendbe $8,786 73 per mile, the bridges to be Knoxville, and for flat bottom boats drawthe little Tennessee (which here takes its built with stone piers and wooden super- ing two feet at all seasons.

Also the favorable direction which it ofrise) to a width of two miles passing the structure; this estimate is considered as N. Carolina line, it gradually contracts un amply sufficient to complete the road in a fers to form a continuous line of railroad til the mountains that close in upon the permanent manner.

communication between North Alabama river, some 7 or 8 miles below the town To the above amount if we add $5,200 on the one hand and Nashville, West-Tenof Franklin, and 27 from the Ridge, thence per mile for a single track of superstruc-nessee on the other. 8 miles the narrow flats on the margin of ture laid complete, we have the aggregate

Respectfully submitted,

J. Edgar THOMPSON. the stream, afford space for the easy con- cost of the whole road two millions nine struction of the road. The descent from hundred and fifty one thousand two hun

Civil Engineer. the Gap will average from 10 14 feet perdred dollars. mile.

The valley of the Little Tennessee unThe line will occasionally cross the river questi''nably presents the most direct, and Details of a Route for a Railroad, submitto straighten its course, the river being | least expensive channel, through which a ted to the Georgia Delegation by Genhere narrow, this will not be expensive.

railroad from Charleston to Cincinnati can eral Newnan. The river now becomes more rapid and be made.

It is believed that the best route for a very circuitous, which character it retains In addition to this important advantage, Railroad from the Ohio river to the Southto the mouth of the Tuckaseige a distance which it possesses over all other routes, itern Atlantic coast, would be to pass through of 15 miles. Upon this portion of the is not to be forgotten that the line passing the State of Kentucky, so as to strike the route, much expensive work will be required. | through Georgia will be uninterrupted by Cumberland Mountain at the Elk Fork at The river must be crossed frequently and stationary engine power.

Wheeler's Gap, about fifty miles to the through some of the parts of the mountain, At one point only it is necessary on the North of Blair's Ferry on the Tennessee short tunnels will be necessary.

line examined, to use an assistant engine, near the mouth of Holston, and 30 miles

and I am informed by Col. Brisbane, that below Knoxville. * Chattahoochie.

since we parted he examined another route From Blair's Ferry, the road would pass



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40 miles through the level, fertile and beau-| 15 miles—from Armstrong's ferry t) Jc-raid, which is a smooth level ridge or high tiful valleys of Sweet Vater and Dry Val- Nair's, 22 milles.

TO U', Cirihe smallest stream a ley, to Calhoun on the Hiwassee.

By this route from Kaoxville to Mc-uisiance of finieen milis-hence crossmg At this point, a route should diverge to Nair's, you pursue the grassey valley to one prong of the Oconec river, a continued the right through a very level valley in Campbell's station, thence to Blair's ferry, level of high ground eighteen miles to Georgia and Alabama, for a distance of 200 or near there; thence up the Sweet llater Athens. Respectfully submitted, miles, to Wetumpkee, a few miles above Valley to the dividing ground between the (Signed) Jacob M. SCUDDER. the junction of the Coosa and Talapoos: waters of the Sweet watecreek and Mouse rivers, to which point it is believed steam- cree'; thence down the Mouse creek val KNOXVILLE CONVENTION. The followboats arrive at all seasons of the year. ley till you come within 5 miles of Athens; ing gen:lemen from Georgia attended the

From the Hiwassee, the Georgia road thence through a level gap in the ridge of Convention : should pass up the Chetatee valley, down Estenala valley; thence down said valley A. S. Clayton,-Athens, the Red Hill valley near the Big Spring, to about 2 miles below Athens ; thence Will. Dearing and then down the Connesauga, and cross through a gap of the ridge to Chestua val

Wm. M. Morton, the Ostenola to Newtown, a distance of 50 ley; thence down the valley to near Arm

James M. Wayne, -Savannah, miles.

strong's ferry; thence up the valley of S. B. Parkman, From Newtown the road should run on, South Chestua to the dividing ground be

M. H. McAllister, and the Etowa at some point between tween South Chestua and Connesauga rivpass

Jos. W. Jackson,

J. R. Matthews,Habersham co. Sally Hughes and Brewster's ferry, and er, and thence down a valley to near Mc

Turner H. Trippe, strike the Chatahoochee at some point in Nair's where it crosses into Georgia.the vicinity of Shallow Ford, a distance of From McNair's on the Connesauga river

S. A. Wales, 70 miles-crossing the Chatahoochee, the to Spring Place in Murray, Georgia, 16

Rich'd W. Habersham,

George D. Phillips, road, it is presumed, would branch out in a miles, entirely through a valley north west direction to Macon, Athens and West of the mountains; thence to Coosawatee

Thos. G. Janes, Greene co. Foint, or Columbus. river at an Indian town of that name, 14

J. Edgar Thompson,- Augusta,

Win. W. Holt, The Alabama route would pass through miles, and in the same valley, which will

Charles J. Jenkins, the centre, and richest part of the State, and bring the road to the verge of the moun

Robert Campbell, through a cotton region of 400 miles in ex- tains and opposite to where the Talking

A. Cunningham, Rock creek enters into the Coosawattee tent. The Georgia reute would pass

T. G. Casey, through cotton regions of 800 miles in exriver. Talkirg Rock creck rises 16 miles

John M. Rose,-Dahlonega. tent. We have every reason to believe from this point and runs in a north west

II. B. Shaw, that it is impossible for Kentucky, Tennes- wardly direction, and parallel with the Fe

A. B. Holt, see, Ohio and Indiana to find better mar- deral road to the point above stated; and

Charles Evans, -Clarke co. kets for their produce, or safer or cheaper to avoid what are known as the Coosawat

Ew'd Paine, tee mountains, the road will pass up the channels by which to receive their sup

M. J. Walker,-Rabun co. plies. Nashville might be connected with said Talking Rock creek, the first 4 miles

H. T. Mosely, this route, by a lateral Railroad to the being perfectly level ; the next 6 miles have

J. H. Sloan, mouth of Holston, 170 miles, or at Cha- not been so strictly examined, but I cannot

E. Coffee, tadga in Walker county, by crossing the believe but that in so short a distance a road

J. V. Harris,-Elbert co. Tennessee at Ross' ferry. This would can be casily made, as there are no mate

Thos. J. Heard, give to the West four markets instead of rial falls on the creek, and the road will

Beverly Allen, From the direction of these routes, pass on its margin. The next 6 miles will

Joseph Rucker, the country through which they pass, and pass in the valley of the creek, and without

A. Hammond, from surrounding circumstances, the warma rise perceptible to the eye. The next

Simeon Oliver, est expectations may be formed, that from three and a half miles is a gradual ascent,

Williain White, their completion, the most vigorous and and agreeable to the means I had to judge.

Jacob M. Scudder,-Forsyth co. munificent Legislation would accrue on the rises only 75 or 80 feet in that distance,

W. B. Harban,-Lumpkin co. and at the end of which we reach the sum

These part of Georgia and Alabama.

W. H. Gathright,“ condensed views, it is presumed, will be mit of a long, beautiful and very level ridge,

Jas. Edmondson,-Murray co. sufficient for the occasion, though the sub- dividing the waters of Shiry's Mountain

L. R. McCamy, ject is fraught with a great many other im- and Long Swamp Creeks, for the distance

James Donahoo, vf 21 miles—and terminates at Heightown portant considerations in relation to one

J. B. Morion, or Etowah river, near the junction of Long moral, social, commercial and political con

Josiah H. Gill, of Hall co. dition, and will readily present themselves Swamp Creck and said river. From this

Rich'd Winer, to all intelligent inquiring minds. point on the Etowa, routes may be selected

C. W. Parks, in any direction, as the mountains and

John M. Raiford, -Ruckersville.
spurs of the mountains, have been entirely

Joel E. Mercer, -Talliaferro co.
passed. But to proceed with this route, it

James R. Butts - Macon.
Route of Road suggested by Jacob M. would be best, but not absolutely necessa Washington Poe,
ry, to pass up the Etowah, as it bears in

M. H. Chappell, The undersigned would respectfully sug- the proper direction -four miles thence to Steward Floyd, -Morgan co. gest to the Georgia Delegation the follow- the Chattahoochie river, at or near Goth William Johnson, ing as the shortest and most practicable ard's Ford, about two miles above Winn's Joseph W. Walton," route for the connection of the proposed Ferry. This is about twenty miles, and H. Hemphill, railroad with Georgia. Ile has been polite-passes over a smooth and even country. R. H. L. Buchanan,-New Echota. ly furnished by the Hiwassee Railroad Co. It will be borne in mind that this report with the description of the route from Knox-l is not predicated on mathematical calculaville to the Valley near McNair's, at which tion, but the line was viewed by the eye It will be seen from the following acplace it will connect with the route into expressly for the railroad route.

count from the Boston Gazette and CentiGeorgia, as follows:

To continue the route to Athens, Geor- nel, that the great Eastern Railroad has From Knoxville to Blair's ferry on Ten-gia, after crossing the Cl attahoochie river, actually been commenced, and under aunessee river, 30 miles—from Blair's ferry pass along a level ridge around one of the species that leave no doubt as to its comto Philadelphia, 5 miles—from Philadel-prongs of the Oconee river, and intersect p etion. This has been a favorite project phia to Athens, 20 miles—from Athens to he Federal road at Rile's, a distance of with our eastern friends, and one that canArmstrong's ferry on the Hiwassee river,tleighi miles-thence or near the Federal' not fail to have an important bearing upon



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two hours from starting, all the company extolled by his employers, and whose con- //.Sively within the limits of this State ;".

their interests,-especially upon those of || ly cool, and decorated with green branches. land eulogised the general conduct of the East-Boston.--Courier & Enquirer. The repast, with its accompaniments of laborers connecied with the railroad.

The detroit Journal of June 20th says: sparkling champaigne and madeira, was not I being time now to depart, the compa. —“What would be the disposition of the more enjoyed, than it was universally ad. ny proceeded to the cars, extremely well

mitted to be in itself, suitable and excellent. Fleased with the entertainmen they had repeople of Green Bay, in reference to form

After partaking of the bounty of the ceived. The re urn to Montreal we shall ing a part of the State of Michigan ? stockholders and the good catering of give in the words of the Courier :Their business-the sources of their pros- || SWORDS, with the judicious assistance of The locomtive in returning look four perity, lie this way. Their commerce must || David Luck, that attendant on all joyous cars with it, and the other iwelve were pass through the strait of Detroit. They occasions, the company were requested by dragged back, as before, io Laprairie by will have little commercial connection with the Hon. Peter M'Gill, the Chairman of|| horses. There would have been almost a the western part of Wisconsin. The Mis- ||the few toasts he had that day to propose to break in upon the pleasures of the day.

the Association, to lose no time in drinking surfeit of enjoyment, had nothing occurred sissippi is the natural channel for the trade The first was “ the King" and the Hon. It was pretty l'ar advanced in the afternoon of that region. It will be a trip of but a Chairman took the opportunity of mention before the company got re-embarked on few hours from Green Bay to the mouth of ling all the circumstances connected with board the Princess Victoria for Montreal, Grand River. When the Grand and Saga-l the commencement and termination of the and it unfortunately happened that,in conse. na rivers are joined by a Steamboat channel route, the advantages it would confer on quence of a strong easierly wind, and the of filiy miles, the trip from Green Bay to the Province, and the spirit of enterprize it depth of the boat in the water, she groundDetroit will be made in 48 hours, more or which this railroad would be the happy fore- | she was got clear and had proceeded a lit

was destined to create for similar works, of|ed on leaving the wharf. When at length less. From the head of Green Bay to the

All the honors were paid to the ile way on her voyage, she was again derapids of Grand River, will be only about health.

tained by being compelled to lie-to, till a 24 hours running. A Railroad car will The second toast he gave, was “The man who had fallen overboard was picked run from Grand River rapids to Detroit in President of the United States," as the offi. Lup. By this time it was so dark that it eight hours.

cial representative of a people with whom was considered dangerous to pass the rapBy cutting a ship canal of a few miles we were now connected in a happy, and helids, and she returned to Laprairie. Upon from the head of Green Bay to Lake | hoped lasting peace; whose support had landing, there was an immediate scramble Michigar, the voyage froin thence to the ||tion of the present work, and with whom. few, in proportion io the demand, were to

been most extensively given to the comple- || among the passengers for beds, of which mouth of Grand river will be reduced to through its operations, they were to be be found. To diminish the disagremens of about 10 hours.”

brought into still greater and closes bonds this mishap, and to extract even amuseof union. After the cheers had subsided, ment from the misfortunes of so pleasant a

TIMOTHY Follett, Esq. of this city, re-day, a dance was got up at the Laprairie CHAMPLAIN AND

RAILROAD. turned thanks in a very neat and appro-Hotel, which was continued 10 a late hour. The public opening of this important priate address, for the honor conferred upon Those who were unable to procure beds route took place on Thursday last, under his country and fellow.citizens, and strong that could be slept in, had a fund of amusecircumstances of peculiar interest, and to iy urged upon all present to be influenced by ment for the rest of the nigh', in recountthe general satisfaction of a numerous and the same enterprise and energy which char: ing to each other their adventures in search respectable company, who had been invited acterised the AMERICAN people, and which of such luxuries. About six o'clock yesto partake of the hospitality and good cheer would result in the same prosperity. of the Stockholders of ihe Company.

terday morning, the Princess Victoria land.

The third toust was “the Earl of Gos-ed her valuable cargo in perfect safety, with Among the guests, who asseinbled on board || cord and the Ladies and Gentlemen who every cause to make them have agreeable the Princess Victorin, at about 10., were | had honored the company with their pres- recollections of the opening of the Chamthe Earl of Gosford, Sir CHARLES GREY, Sirence.” His Excellency returned thanks, in plain and St. Lawrence Railroad. George and Lady Gipps, Mr. Elliot, Secre- || a speech delivered with firmness, and marktary of the Cominissioners, several of the ed with much neatness.

The return trip of the locomotive on Members of the Legislative Council and luded in strong terins to the great resources utes, {bui yesterday, we learn, that;, with

His Lordship al. Thursday was completed in fifty-nine min. House of Assembly, and of the mercantile of this country, if properly developed four passenger and two loaded freigḥt cars. body and garrison, and many respectable | urged upon all a spirit of unanimity and it effected the journey in forty-five minutes strangers, to the number of about three concord, which he would do his best ulti and returned in thirty, over a road of four, hundred. The fine band of 324 Regiment | nately to obtain, and after remarking the teen and a half miles in length. A few re. enlivened the company with their superior | glorious termination of a work which united pairs have to be made to the engine, and excellence in the performance of many ad-line St. Lawrence and the Richelieu within her regular trips commence on Monday mired overtures. The trip to LAPRAIRIE so small a distance, proposed the health of|| next, on the return of the Princess Victoria was perforined in about fifty minutes. The the Directors of the Company.

from Quebec, for which she proceeded yes. subsequent journey !0 St. John's is thus faithfully described by the Courier of this WILLIAM'D. Lindsay, Esq., the active Com-may be mentioned that she was met by the

The Chairman proposed the health of|terday at ten. In noticing this fine boat, i morning. "After landing at the railroad wharf, which || had so steadily advanced.

missioner under whose direction the work || Eagle near Lanorare, six miles on this runs out into the river a considerable way,

side of Sorel, and would be able to effect the company proceeded to the cars which Mr. Linsday, in replying, asked for leave the forty-five miles in three hours, making were in waiting at the termination of the to introduce here the ceremony of present-on an average twelve hours for the whole railway to convey them to St. John's. Belling to Mr. Casey, the Engineer, a gola route to Quebec. fore starting the locomotive engine made medal, which had been subscribed for by two short trial trips with its tender, and as the overseers along the work. Mr. M'MA

REPORT. the accident which occurred lately to it had hon, on behalf of his brother overseers, ad. not been thoroughly repaired, it was deem.|| dressed Mr. Casey in terms of eulogiuin, TO THE GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL OF MARY

LAND, AS TO THE ROUTE OF THE MARYed advisable to attach to it only two of the for his gentlemanly conduct towards them; passenger cars, all of which are very com. Mr. M’Mahon's remarks which were some. fortably fitted up and elegantly painted out what extended, delivered with ease and flu

Annapolis, July 26th, 1836. side ; while the other cars with the rest orllency, and indicative of much sound sense

The undersigned have been appointed to the company, were drawn each by two and judgment, were repeatedly and deserhorses. The locomotive with its comple- vedly cheered. Mr. Caser, in accepting of ascertain“ whether and at what expense ment soon shot far ahead of the other cars, this token of gratitude from those who had with duo supply of water a Canal be pracwhich passed along the road, just as fast as been under his superintendance, spoke aticable from the Cheasapeake and Chio Cathe nags, which were none of the fleetest, few words in reply, espressive of his satis-nal to Baltimore, by the valley of the Mocould drag them. The motion was easy,||faction at the steady and active conduct of|| nocacy and Patapsco, or by a route divergand elicited from many, comparisons får all connected with the work.

ing from the said Chesapeake and Ohio from favorable to the usual comforts of The Earl of GOSFORD NOW claimed a toast ||Canal, from the mouth of Seneca, exclutravelling by the stage road. In less than for Mr. Casey, whose abilities had been had arrived at St. Jolin's in good time, and duct had been approved of by those under have the honor to report that under their in excellent mood for the collation in the his control. His Lordship 'also compli-direction two parties of Engineers have railway station house, which was pleasant-mented Mr. M'Mahon upon his speech, been engaged during much of the present


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