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cellence, for a small garden, may not be Countless remedies have been proposed || ing and placing it in the hands of some unacoeptable.

for the mitigation of the evil, caused by the skilful entomologist, to set the matter at Yellow fruited.

Green fruited. curcul: o, which are directed to the destruc- rest. Practically, however, ilus knowledge Washington, Green Gage,

tion of ihe insect in a winged state, when is, perhaps, of no great consequence, as it Coe's Golden drop, Imperial do.

engaged in perpetrating the mischief, whilst is known that the larvæ leave i he diseased Drap d'or,

Flushing, do. the tree is yet in bloom: but there is but branches in July, and a knowledge of this
Yellow Gage.
Luscomb's Nonsuch. one easy, certain, and efficacious method single fact should be sufficient io impre s

of putting a stop to its ravages, viz., by upon the horticulturist ihe necessity of culBlue or Purple fruited.

desiroying it in ihe larræ or grub state at ring off and extirpaing (buining is the Reine Claude Vio

ter it has fallen from the tree, ind before i|best methol), entirely, all those branches lette, or Purple Gage,

has left the fruit. In plum orchards 110 which show the least sympioms of disease, Blue Imperiatrice, Nectraine,

thing can be more easily accomplished.- before thai monih coininences. In this way Kirk's, Red Gage.

The cultivator has only to turn in his line insect may be wonderfully diminished in Imperial Diadem,

swine, and allow them to devour the fruil numbers, and probably entirely subdued.-The Reine Claude Violette, or purple daily as it falls from the tree

. and every in The branches of sovie kinds of plum (for. gage, is one of the most delicious of pluins.

sect will perish. This has been test- | Tunately the least valuable, as the horse The Blue Imperiatrice is excellent, and keeps led repeatedly, and with uniforin suc plum and the damson) serin to be sought a long time after ripening. Coe's Golden

The curculio, though a wing in preference, by the insect, when depositing drop and the Washington are very large ed insect, is scarcely a migratory one, its egg; but if its ravages are permitted to and luscious fruit; and the Nectreize and seldom leaving the neighborhood of the extend unchecked, the other and more pre Kirk's plum, are very beautiful, of large|| tree under which it emerged from the soil, || cious varieties will also fall a prey. 19 size, and fine flavored. The Azure Hative and it has been found ihat, of iwo trees so great an extent did the damage caused may, in addition to the above, be recommended as a very early variety, and the standing in adjoining gardens, one of them by inis single insect spread, about thirty

was attacked, and ihe fruit destroyed,|| years since, in some parts of the State of White Magnum Bonum, or ego plum, as whilst the neighboring one, when pains havi New-York, that scarcely a plum tree sur. being suitable for preserving.

been taken to destroy the insecis, remained || vived the disease, owing to the ignorance Diseases of the Plum.—The plum tree laden with a beautiful crop. In small

, gar- of its habits prevalent among the cultivais subject in this country, in many districts, dens, therefore, when the number of treestors at that tiine. to the attacks of two or three insects is limited, it would well repay the trouble There is but one more insect which is which commit great bavoc in their respec- of gathering up and destroying the green generally destructive to the plum tree in tive methods, and which, owing to the fruit, as in a short time, the whole brood | America—The borer (Egeria exitiosa, Say), culpable ignorance or negligence of culti-| would be exterminated. It should be ob- which attacks also the peach tree, and othwators, are permitted to increase and dis- served that when the soil has been trodden ||er stone fruits, juist below the surface of the seminate themselves, ad libitum. The first hard, when it has been paved underneathground. The eggs of this insect are de and most troublesorne of these visitors, is the branches, or in situations where the treeposited in the bark of the free, close to the the Curculio nenuphar of Herbot.* It is a has inclined over a sheet of water, the earth, and the grub, upon hatching, pene. sinall winged insect, searcely a fourth of an larvæ of the curculio, not being able to find rates further down, and bores its way inch in length, furnished with a sharp ro-lits way readily into the soil, perishes, and around the trunk, and if undisturbed, com. strum or bill, with which it pierces the em- | the trees bear abundantly. This is ob- ||pletely de. the albumen, or yoiing bryo fruit as soon as it is fourned in the ex-viously the reason why the trees in the wood, and ultimately causing the death of panded blossom. Though the insect itself hard trodden or paved yards of cities, of he iree. As these larvæ are always found is too inconspicuous to attract the eye of a ten yield such surprising crops—and the in a particular place, technically called the careless observer, amidst the countless my amateur horticulturist may draw a useful neck of the tree, just below the surface of riads of ephemeral winged creations of a lesson from this fact.

the soil, the proprietors of extensive peach spring day, yet the watchful horticulturist

Another most troublesome inalady to orchards have found it the most effective may discover it in great numbers atting which the plurn is liable in some parts of and speedy merbod of externination, to exe about in the trees, while yet laden with the country, is coinmonly known by the amine their trees every fall, removing the blossoms, and puncturing the newly form

name of the knots. It exhibits itself in the earth two or three inches deep, and upon ed fruit to deposit the egg which is to con: form of rough black excrescences upon the the appearance of gum (a sure symptom), tinue its race. These punctures may first branches, of various sizes, from the scarce.

searching out and destroying the larvæ, be discovered when the fruit begins to ly perceptible swelling, to bunches of the

with a knife for that purpose. A laborer, swell, and when it has attained half or a fourth of its size; they are very distinct to self, it soon covers the whole tree, appasize of the fisi. If permitted to extend it-with trifling practice, will examine a great

number of trees in a day, and with this the eye, remaining in the form of a crescent-shaped scar, upon the surface of the by the medium of the sap through the rently disseminating its poisonous influenceslight annual care, whole orchards are, so

far as the borer is concerned, preserved in green fruit. The egg in the mean time

tire individual.

On dissecting an infected most vigorous health. Frorn successful butches, and the larvæ silently works its way || branch, the wood and bark, in the discard. practice, we camot but think this the most towards the stein of the fruit, which, as sooned part, is found black and dry, and the unfailing method with the plurn, also.. as it has reached that point

, falls from

the whole vegetable substance is changed in Boiling hot water, poured around the trunk tree. The whole .crop is in many cases where the careless cultivator has suffered ing vessels are dead and dried up, and this many cases, destroy the larvæ; and

appearance; if long diseased, the conduct- of the tree, will, without any injury, in the annual increase of the curculio

, drops in nalignant influence may be seen extend soap-suds have been recommended for the this manner prematurely from the tree, toing itself upwards, first visible in the pith, i same purpose. The public prints abound, the great mortification and astonishment and afterwards in the heart-wood, until the lately, with accounts of the efficacy of a of those persons unfamiliar with the babits whole branch is destroyed. Upon opening deposit of coal ashes around the trunk of the insect race, who can see no cause of these protuberances carefully, at a certain and roots of the tree, but we necd some such a destruction of fruit. When the fruit has fallen to the ground, the grub or detect the larvæ of an insect of the weevil before placing much reliance in its vir

season of the year, the close observer will further proofs of the value of this remedy, larvæ, obeying the instinct of nature, aftef|family, and which Professor Peck believes

Yours, a short time, leaves the now useless and loo be ihe same insect (the curculio) Ryn

C. & A. J. DOWNING, decayed plum, and finding its way into the chænus cerasi, which aliacks the fruit—he Newburgh, N. Y., April, 1836. soil, remains there at some depth below the having reared it from the grub that inhabsurface, to come forth in the succeeding its the excrescences of the cherry tree.

From the New York Farmer. spring, in its winged state, to go through But we are inclined to believe this insect “ BURLINGTON, N. J., Weeding Hoe.”jis little round of existence again.

another and a totally distinct species, and we are indebted to Mr. Thomas Collins, of *RYNCANENUSREC asi Peck:

shall endeavor, the present season, by rear-Burlington, N. J., for specimens of the

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above named hoe. To us they appear wells produce of a short horn cow is furnished us || and the like difference in a third space

of calculated to answer their purpose ; and by Mr. Ash of Westchester county. There | cine and so on.

a breeder or i we shall be pleased to exhibit them at auj are few such, either as

51h. Thick milk always throws up.8 milker. times to those who may desire to provide

smaller proportion if ihe cream it actually

contains to the surface, than milk which is themselves with similar uiensils of the very

thinner, but the cream is a richer quality ; best kind.

CASHMERE Goats. We copy from the aud if water is added to that thick milk, ic We give the description in his owa lan. cover of the May number of the Farmer, lofcream than it would inve done it allowed

will afford a considerably greater quantity, guage.

the short notice in relation to this beautiful to remain pure; but the quality at the same Mr. T. Collins, takes the libery of pre-animal. We expected to have had an en-| time is greatly debased. senting to Mr. D. K. Minor, a set of “Bur. graving and more full account of the animal

6th. Milk which is put into a pail or any lington Weeding Hoes,” and recommends tor this number.

other vessel and carried in it at any distance the kind, from several years experience, as

so as to be agitated and in part cooled before

From the May No. of the New York Farmer. the best he has seen. Their principal use

it is put into the milk pans to settle for

CASHMERE GOATS.—We were invited, || cream, never throws up so much nor so rich is for destroying weeds while small: in the a few days since, by Mr. J. Donaldsox || cream, as if the saine milk had been put into hands of an experienced gardner, they make KingEAR, of Albany, to view a Cashmere the pilk pans directly after it was nilked.

From , great despatch. Narrow saw blades, of the Goat. Mr. Kinnear, through the aid of

1st. That cows should be milked as near best quality as to temper, shjuld be used ; relatives in France, purchased a pair of the Dairy as possible, and in addition to its and the holes for riveis should be punched these beautiful and rare animals, from a preventing the agitation and cooling of the through the sawplate without heating, in geatleman who owns the only Sock in milk, if pastures are near the Dairy Ilie order that the temper may not be injured. - France ; and they were brought from Paris cows are not heated by driving. The thinnest sawbaldes are to be preferred,

to Havre in the Diligence, and there pui 2d. It is highly injurious to put the milk as they can never be very dull, and may on board of one of ihe packets, but from in large Dairies into one vessel as it is milk

ed, to remain there until all the cows are the sooner be sharpened. Half worn soine cause, the voyage was too much for

milked before it is put into milk pans, and the back, which died, as well as the young for an additional reason to the agitation and bucksaws” will answer for this purpose. kid, which was added to the family on the cooling, that it nuixes the bad with the good

Burlington, July 4th, 1836. Extract of a letter dated Columbia Pa. 18th June 1836. and although very lean, is a beautiful voyage. The doe, however, survived ;) milk.

3d. The first drawn milk should be kept As to the crops, you have probably receive animal; being, as we were informed, the separate from the last drawn as the quality ed accounts from different parts of the coun- first ever imported into this country, will

, of the butter will be improved in proportion try. In this county (Lancaster Pa.) we

we hope, be the first of numerous flocks to the smallness of the proportion of the last shall not harvest one eighth of a crop of which shall in a few years cover our hills;

drawn milk that is retained. wheat throughout the county, by the Fly and we trust that Mr. Kinnear may soon not only necessary to separate the first froin

4ib, If the quality is only alluded to, it is attacking it in the fall, and at two different replace his loss, and be successful, in the last drawn milk, but also to take noth. times this spring. We have not had so rearing a fluck which may be profitable. ling but the cream that is first separated poor a prospect within the recollection of Why may we not, in a few years, manu-froin the best milk. The remainder of the

facture Cashmere shawis, as well as silk? milk, inay be either enıployed in making the oldest inhabitants. Some thirty years | We MAY-and shall do it and compete // sweet milk cheeses, or it may be allowed to back, they say the Fly was bad in fields, but this spring it is much more gen.

stand to throw up cream for making butter with the foreign manufacture in thie as in

of an inferior quality. eral. Rye has been injured very much by every thing else we undertake.

5th. According to the preceeding, the best the long continued spell of wet weather,

butter could only be made with economy

in those dairies where ihe manufacture of being in flower and much of it lodged and

From the Maine Farmer.

cheese is the principal object. In such dai. now rotted ; coro much cut off by the cut

ries a small portion of the last drawn milk worm and planted twice, and some the third

Mr. Holmes:-As great improvements should be set apart for butier, all the rest time not all up yet, which will probably may be made in the quality as well as quan- may be made into cheese while it is yet not ripen, many fields however, have escap-tity of butter from the same muilk, by some warm from the cow and perfeculy sweet, ed and look well. Oats, Barley and Grass, variation from the common mode of manag. Land if only that portion of cream which rises look very favorable.

ing the mila-I have therefore made some during the three or four hours after milking

extracts from a valuable English publication is to be reserved for butter, the rich milk Respectfully yours, &c. in my possession, entitled å Complete His- / which is left, after the cream is separated, J, B. tory of Modern Agriculture, by R.'W. Dick-being still perfectly sweet, may be convert

ed into cheese with as great advantage lst. Exp. Several large tea cups exactly nearly as the newly-milked milk itself. From the New-York Farmer.

similar in size and shape were filled at regu- 6th. As purchasers would not be found T'he Elms, Throgs Neck, June, 1836.

lar intervals, the last being filled with the wanting to buy the fresh butter made in the

dregs of the milk. From some cows the manner above pointed out, at the price that To the Editor of the New York Farmer.

quantity of cream obtained from the last would indennify the fariner for his trouble Sir-If you think the following state-||drawn cup, exceeded that from the first in in making it. These hints are thrown up ment of the produce of a Cow worth inseri- the proportion of 16 to 1.

merely to satisfy the curious in what way ing in your valuable Magazine, you can 2d. The difference in quality was greater butter possessing this superior degree of do it.

than the difference in quantity. In the first excellence may be obtained, but for the The cow is of the short hory Durham cup the cream was a thin tough film, and ordinary market, the writer is satisfied, breed, a twin, her dam having had twips very white, but in the last of a thick butera. il from experience and attentive observation, three times in four years, she is a bay, herceous consistence, and of a glowing rich-that if in general about the first drawn half sister pure wbite, now in possession of mylness of color, that no other kind of cream is of the milk be separated at each milking, neighbor Mrs. Post. My cow calved on the found to possess.

and the remainder only set up for produeing 16th March, ber calf remained from her 19 3d. The difference in the quality of the cream, and if that nilk be allowed to stand days, raised on the skim milk, until noy|| milk was perhaps still greater than either. to throw up the whole of its cream, even other cow came in on the 2014 April. Thelin respect to the quantity or the quality of till it begins' sensibly to taste sourish, and produce of butter was in that time, say 35 ||he cream. In the first cup it was a thin if that cream is afterwards carefully ınanagdays, 54 lbs., and iwo butchers, although||bluish liquid, as if a large portion of watered, the butter thus obtained will be of a not sold io kill, pronounced her the best and had been mixed with ordinary milk; while quality greatly superior to what can usually heaviest calf they had seen that season. in the last cup it was of a thick consistence be obtained ai market, and its quantity not will only observe, I keep but two cows and and yellow color, more resembling cream considerably less than if the whole of the they are kept and feed in the yard. than milk both in taste and appearance.

milk had been treated alike. This therefore Yours respectfully,

4th. The cream which first rises is richer o the practice that is thought most likely to

Thos. Ash. in quality and greater in quantity than whail suit the frugal farmer, as his butter though The above remarkable account of thellrises in a second equal portion of time, of a superior quality, could be offered at a

some

BUTTER.

son M. D.

130

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price that would always insure it a rapid

HUDSON & BERKSHIRE RAILROAD

Office } sale.

New Orleans, 191h May,

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.
THE Buard of Directors of this Comrany, will pay

SEALED PROPOSALS will be received From the preceding the following course the sum of live thousand dollars to the invintor or is recommended to farmers, particularly irojector of a machine or plan to prevent the escape by the liudson & Berkshire Railroad Comthose who have small dairies. Let a quan: burning wood, avid which shall be finally adopted fur, until the 20th day of July, for excavating

of sparks from the Chimney of Locomotive Elumes, pany. at their office in the city of Hudson, tity of milk from the first drawing, sufficient

use of the Company. No iuriler chaig” to be made und embanking 16 miles or their road from for family use, including the supply of cream for the right of the Company to use the same. be taken from the cows on a farm, and set

By order of the Board,

Chatham 4 Corners to the city of Hudson. the remainder for cream to make buiter for

JNO. B LEEFE, Secretary.

Also 2 bridges of 50 and 70 feet span. Pro

11-3m. the market. It will iake less time to convert

tiles of the route will be exhibited at the such cream into butter, and the butter from

kailroad office in the city of Hudson, dividTO CONTRACTORS.

lled into sections of half a mile and one mile such cream will be of a superior quality.

To satisfy myself of the difference in the Engineer Department York and Ma- each, for examination, by the 1st of July milk in the first and last drawn from the ryland Line Railroad Co.

oext. Proposals will also be received for same cow, I had a tumbler nearly filled with

YORK, JULY 10, 1836. furnishing 300,000 feet of white pine, chest. first drawn milk, taking about an eqnal PROPOSALS will be received until Saturday, the nut, or white hemlock sills, 5 by 8 and 16 quantity from each teat—a second tumbler 3th inst. in York, for the graduation and Masonry of feet long; and 10,000 chestnut ties, 8 feet was then filled with about an equal quantity, I line to York, a distance or nearly w miles. This

the whole line of this road, extending from the Siate long and 6 inches square. if any thing a little of the last drawing, tak- road is a continua: jon of the Baliimore and Susque

Persons applying for contracts will be ex• ing about an equal quantity from each teat. hannah Railroad, and is the final letting on the line of pected, unless personally known to the comThe result was scarcely any cream from the Railroad from York to Baltimore. O this letting is|pany or engineer, to present with their profirst, and it could not be well sepprated from a Tunnel of about 300 feet in length.

posals, recommendations as to their ability the milk. The cream did not exceed in

Persons unknown to the undersigned must aecom.io perform their contracts.

pany their proposals with recommendations. weight 30 grains, and hardly any yellow

ISAAC TRIMBLE,

GEORGE RICH, Chief Engineer. particles in the cream--from the last draw.

Chief Engineer.

Hudson, June 25, 1836. 25—320 ing, there was 339 grains of cream, yellow

WM. GIBBS M'NEILL, and thick. The milk stood in the tumblers

Consulting Engineer. NOTICE OF THE NEW-YORK AND about 10 hours.

Juły 15, 1836.
C. V.

ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY. Hatlowell, June 17, 1836.

THE Company hereby withdraw their Advertiso. TO CONTRACTORS:

ment of 26th April, in consequence of their inability ENGINEER DEPARTMENT, Lawrenceburgh and

to prepare in time, the portions of the line proposed to Indianapolis Railroad Company, June 20, 1836.

be let on the 30th June, at Binghampton, and on the We take the following letter in relation PROPOSALS will be received at this office until 11th of July at Monticello. Future notice shall be to the Sugar Beet from the New England the first division of the Road. the sth of August for the graduation and inasonry on given, when proposals will be received at the above

places, for the same portions of the road. Farmer. It relates to a subject which is Lawrenceburgh, Indiana, and follows the Valley of This division commences near the Ohio River al

JAMES G. KING, President.

21-tf becoming of much interest in France, and 'Tanners Creek a distance of ten miles. Plans and Profiles of the Rouie and proposed

ARCHIMEDES WORKS. will we doubt not attract attention, and be works can be examined at'he Engineers Onice, Law

(100 North Moor street, N. Y.) come a profitable business in this country. renceburgh, Dearbor i County, Indiana.

New-YORK, Februnry 12th, 1836. 25—tau 15 JULIUS W. ADAMS, Engineer,

THE undersigned begs leave to inform the proprie. SUGAR BEET SEED.

TO CONTRACTORS.

tors of Railroads that they are prepared to furnish all

kinds of Machinery for Railroads, Locomotive Engines Washington, June 27, 1836. Sealed proposals will be received at Jackson, until ful operation on the Camden and Amboy Railroad,

of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in success. Thomas G. FESSENDEN, Esq.

masonry and bridging of the 3d division (50 miles) or Wheels, Axles, and Buxes, furnished at shortest notice.

the Mississippi Railroad. Dear Sir-I have procured a small quan

H. R. DUNHAM & CO. This road is located on a pine sandy ridge, the

4-ytr tity of the seed of Sugar Beet, which I country is healthy, and provisions can bu readily

obtained at all seasons of the year. shall send to you to-day by Mr. William

TO CONTRACTORS. The whole line (150 miles) will be placed under W. Stone, who will be in Boston on Friday contract, as the location advances next fall; and it is PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the or Saturday of this week. The cultiva believed that no institution can offer greater induce Eastern Railroad Company, Boston, between the ments to good Contr..ctors than this.

28th and 30th inst, for the grading and masonry of tion of this vegetable, and the manufacture

F. H. PETRIE, Chief Eng. said Road from East Bosion to Newburyport, a disof sugar from it in France has become of ENGINEERS OFFICE,

tance of 331 miles Natches, June 10, 1836.

The line of this road is along a favorable country, great consequence in that courtry, and is,

15-till Sept. 5, 1836. passing threugh Lynn, Salem, Beverly, and Ipswich, I think, attracting much attention on this

which places will afford contractors every facility for side the Atlantic. It appears to me the WILLIAM ATKINSON, Rochester, Now-York, rendy, and may be seen at the Office, after the 220

obtaining provisions, &c. Plans and Profiles will be cultivation of the Beet in some of the Real Estate Broker, buys and sells on Commission || instant. Western States can be carried forward with FARMS in the County of Monroe, and attends to the Collection of Mortgages.

Satisfactory recommendations must accompany tho great success. I do not know whether it Pierson desirous of purchasing Farms in that fertile proposals of those who are unknown to the Engineer.

JOHN M. FESSENDEN, Engineer. can be made profitable in New England, region, will do well to call on him.

22—1303 but will thank you to distribute the seed 1 now s: nd to you among our agricultural friends,—and to accept the assurances with The Subscriber is authorised to sell Page's Morticing MACHINES, to be used in which I remain, dear sir,

any of the Western, Southern, or Middle States, (except New Jersey,) and also to sell Your faithful and ob't serv't. Rights for Towns, Counties, or States, in the same region, including New-York. ABBOTT LAWRENCE. Machines will be furnished complete, ready to work, and at a liberal discount to those

who purchase territory, or machines to sell again. By the Editor.—The above with the parcels of Sugar Beet seed therein alluded to, Applications may be made by letter, post paid, or personally, to have laid us under renewed obligations to

D. K. MINOR, Agent for Proprietor, the Hon. writer, whose patriotic efforts promote the most important interests of his

132 Nassau street, New York. country, deserve the gratitude of every Terms of single machines, $30 to $35, for common morticing ; and $50 to $60 friend to mankind. We shall distribute the for hub machines, which, in the hands of an experienced man, will mortice 14 to 16 seeds in small portions among cultivators who will be likely to make the most of them. setts of common carriage or wagon hubs per day. As the season is far advanced, it will, we think, be advisable to soak the seeds in warm water at least 48 hours before planting, which will much accelerate their ger

w Will be published, in a few days, NICHOLSON's Treatise on Architecture, mination.

Also, PAMBOUR on Locomotive Engines on Railroads.

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JAMES RIVER

AND

KANAWHA

CANAL

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NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.

FRAME BRIDGES.

MILL-DAM FOUNDRY. The subscriber would respectfully inform the pub. TO BE SOLD OR LEASED the above PROPOSALS will be received at the Ofice of the ta.ions that he will build Frame Bridges, or vend the

hic, and particularly Railroad and Bridge Corpora- well known petablishment, situated one mile James River and Kanawha Company, in the City of right to others to build, on Col. Long's Pati nt, through from Boston, Tie oprovements consist of, Richmond, from the 15th to the 23rd day of August, out the United States, with few exceptions. The fol

No. 1. Boiler House, 50 feet by 30 teel, for the construction of all the Excavation, Embank- lowing sub-Agents have been engaged by the under containing all the necessary machinery for ment and Walling noi now under contract, together sig red who will also aitend to this businese, viz. with nearly all ihe Culverts and the greater portion of

making boilers for Luconiolive and other Horace Childs,

Henniher, N. II.
The Locks between Lynchburg and Maidens' Adven- Alexander McArthur, Mount Morrix, N. Y.

strain Engines. gure.

John Mahan,

do

do No. 2. Blacksmith's Shop, 50 feet by 20, The work now advertised embraces the Twenty Thomas 11. Cushing, Dorer, N H.

fitted with cranes for heavy work. miles between Columbia and the h-ad of Maid ns Ira Blake,

Wilkefield, N. II.

No. 3. Locomtive House, 54 feet by 25, Adventure Pond, the eight miles between Siven Is. land Falls and Scoilsville, and about twenty isolatid

Amos Whit more, fsq., Hancock, N. H.
Samuel Herrick,

used for putting together Locomotive En.

Springfield, Vermont. sections, reserved at the former leueing, between

Simeun Herrick,

do
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gines. Several of the best Engines in use Bcuttsville and Lynchburg.

Capt. Isaac Damon, Northampton, Mass. in the United States have been put ju thiş The quanuity of masonry offered is very great- Lyman Kingsly,

do establishment. consisting of about two hundred Culverts of from three

Elijah Ilalbert,

Waterloo, N. Y. do thirty leet span; nine Aqueducts, thirty-five Locks

No. 4. A three story brick building, cove Joseph II bard,

Dunkirk, N. Y. a number of Wastes, with several farm and road

(ol. Sherman Peck, Hudson, Ohio.

ered with slate, 120 feet by 46, containing Bridges.

Andrew E. Turnbull, Lower Sandusky, Ohio. two water-wheels, equal to 40 horse power; General plans and specifications of all the work, William J. Turnbull,

do

do Machine Shop, filled with lathes, &c.; Pat and special plans of the most important Culverts and

Sabried Dodge, Esq., (Civil Engineer,) Ohio. Aqueducts, will be found at the offices of the several

tern Shop; Rolling Mill and Furnaces, co:.

Booz M. Atherton, Esq. New-Philadelphia,Ohio. Principal Assistant Engineers on the line of the Canal.

Stephen Daniels,

pable of rolling 4 tons of iron per diem, ex •

Marietta, Ohio The work will be prepared for examination by the John Rodgers,

Louisville, Kentucky.

clusive of other work ; three Trip Hanı. 25th Julyi; but mechanics, well recommended, desir

John Tiliison,

St. Francisville, Lous’a. mers, one of which is very large; engine for ous of immediate employment, can obtain contracts

Capt. John Bottom, Tona wanda, Penu for the construction of a number of Culverts at private

blowing Cupola Furnaces, moved by water.

Nehemiah Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. leuing.

Bridges on the above plan are to be seen at the follwheel; one very superior 12 horse Steam Persons offering to contract, who are unknown to lowiig localities, viz. On the main road leading from Eugine, which could be dispensed with; the subscriber, or any of the Assistant Engineers, will | Baltimore to Washington, two miles from the former and a variety of other machinery. be expected to accompany their proposals by ihe usual

place. Across the Metawarkeag river on the Mili- No. 5. An Iron Foundry, 80 feet by 45, certificates of characier and ability.

tary rad, in Maine. On th“ National road in Illinois, with a superior air Furnace, and two CupoCHARLES ELLET, Jr., at sundry points. On the Baltimore and Susquehan, las, Core oven, Craves, &c. fitted for ihe Chief Engineer of the James River

na Rrailroad at three points. On the Hudson and und Kanawha Company | Palterson Railroad, in two places. On the Boston and largest work. Attached to the Foundry is Noge.--The Dams, Guard-Locks, mis of the

Worcester Railroad, at several points. On the Bos- a large ware-house, containing Patterns for Bridges, and a number of Locks and Culverts, are reserved for a future letting. Persons visiting the line the Contocook river at Hancock, NH Across the motive and other Steam Engines, Lead Mill

ton and Providence Railroad, at sundry points. Across the Castings of Hydraulic Presses, Locofor the purpose of ubraiming work, would do well to Connecticut river at Haverhill, N. H. call at the office of the Company in the city of Rich-|| Contoocook river, at Henniker, N. H. Across the Rolls, Geering, Shalis, Stoves, Grates, &c, mond, where any information which they may des.re | Souhegan river, at Milford, N. H.

Across the Ken- | These were made of the most durable mua. will be cheerfully communicated. The valley of James River, between Lynchburg Across the Genesse river, at Mount . Morris, New titic and practical Engineer, and are sup

nebec river, at Waterville, in the state of Maine -- terials, under the direction of a very scienAnd Richmond, is healthy. (20—ta18) C. E. Jr. RAILWAY IRON. The nndersigned is about to fix his residence in posed to be of great value.

No. 6. A building, 65 feet by 36, containing 95 tons of 1 inch by kinch. Flat Bars in lengths Rochester, Monroe country, New-York, where he 200 do 1: do do of 14 to 15 feet, counter will promptly aliend to orders in this line of business a large stack of chimneys, and furnaces, fox

40 do 13 do do sunk hules, ends out at 10 any practicable extent in the United States, Mary-making Cast Steel. This building has 800 do 2 do do

MOSES LONG. an angle of 45 degrees. I land excepted.

been used as a boarding-house, and can 800 do 24 do #do with splicing plates and

General Agent of Col. S. H Long. soon expected.

accommodate a large number of men. nails tu suít. Rochester, May 22d, 1826.

19y-tf. 250 do. of Edge Rails of 36 lbs. per yard, with the

No, 7. A range of buildings, 200 feet long by PATENT RAILROAD, SHIP AND reguisite chairs, keys, and pins.

30, containing counting room, several store Wrought Iron Rinus of 30, 33, and 36 inches diam

BOAT SPIKES.

rooms, a Brass Foundry, room for cleaning eler for Wheels of Railwav Cars, and of 60 inches & The Troy Iron and Nail Factory keeps con: castings, a large loit for storing patterns, diameter for Locomotive Wheels.

Axles of 24, 24, 27, 3, 34, 31, and 34 inches in di-Spikes and Nails, from 3 to 10 inches, manufactured stable for two borses, &c. &e. aineter, for Railway Cars and Locomotives, of paient by the subscriber's Patent Machinery, which after

The above establishment being on tide iron.

five years successful operation, and now almost uni-water, presents greater advantages for some The above will be sold free of duly, to State Gov-versal use in the United States (as well as England; || kinds of business than any other in the ernments and Incorporated Governments, and the where the subscriber obtained a patent,) are found United States. Coal and Iron can be carried drawback taken in part payment.

superior to any ever offered in market. A. & G. RALSTON, Railroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes from vessels in the harbors of Boston, to the

9 South Front street, Philadelphia. having countersink heads suitable w the holes in iron wharf in front of the Factory, at 25 to 30 Models and samples of all the different kinds of rails, to any amount and on short notice. Almost all cents per ton. Some of the largest jobs of Rails, Chairs, Pins, Wedges, Spikes, and Splicing the Railroads now in progress in the United States are iron work have been completed at this esPlates, in use both in this country and Great Britain, fastened with Spikes made at the above named facwill be exhibited to those (lisposed to examine them. tory--for which purpuse they are found invaluable, tablishment; among others, the great chain 407 ]meowr as their adhesion is more than double any common

and list pumps for freeing the Dry Dock at RAILROAD CAR WHEELS AND spikes made by the hammer.

the Navy Yard, Charleston.

*** All orders dir cled to the Agent, Troy, N. Y., The situation for Railroad work is excel BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD will be punctually attended to. CASTINGS.

HENRY BURDEN, Agent.

lent, being in the angle formed by the crossAlsu, AXLES furnished and fitted to wheels com

Troy, N. Y., July, 1831.

ing of ihe Providence and Worcester Rail,

The Loconutive “Yankee," now plete at the Jefferson Cotton and Wool Machine Fac

Spikes are kpt for sale, at factory pricrs, by 1. || roads.

& 1. Townsend, Albany, and the principal Iron Mer.running on the latter road, and the “ Bos. tory and Foundry, Paterson, Ņ. J. All orders ad dressed to the subscribers ni Paterson, or 60 Wali chants in Albany, and Troy : Jl. Brower Waterton," purchased by the State of Pennsyistreet, New-York, will be promptly attended to.

street, A. , ; T. Janviers, Baltimore ; Degrand & Smith, Boston.

vania, were built at these works. With the Also, CAR SPRINGS.

P. S.- Railroad Companies would do well 10 for- || Patterns and Machinery now n the premi. Also, Flange Tires, turned complete. 18 ROGERS, KETCHUM & GROSVENOR.

ward their orders as early as practicable, as the sub- ses, 20 Locomotives, and as many tenders,

scribor is desirous of extending the manufacturing so|| besides a great quantity of cars and wagons, STEPHENSON as to keep pace with the daily increasing demand for

could be made per annum. his Spikes.

H. BURDEN. Builder of a superior style of Passenger

(1J23aın)

For terms, apply 10
Cars for Railroade.
AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS,

THOS.J. ECKLEY, Boston, No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street,

SPADES, &c.

or to ROBERT RALSTON, Jr. Phila. New-York. 300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Shovels

Boston, April 21, 1835. j25.-41 RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to exa

150 do do do plain do mine these Cars; a specimen of which may be seen 150 do do do cast steel Shovels & Spades THE NEWCASTLE MANUFACTURING on that part of the New-York and Harlaem Railroad 150 do

do Gold-mining Shovels

COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delawar', now in operation

J25lt
100 do do plated Spades

with a capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared to es 50 do do socket Shovels and Spades. ALBANY EAGLE AIR FURNACE AND

ecute in the first style and on liberal terms, at their MACHINE SHOP.

Together with Pick Axes, Churn Drills, and Crow extensive Finishing Shops and Foundries for Brass ard

Bars (steel pointed,) mannfactured from Salisbury re- Tron, situated in the town of Newcastle, Delaware, ali WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to order, lined iron-for sale by the manufacturing agents, orders for LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam Engines, IRON CASTINGS for Gearing Mills and Factories of

WITHÊRELL, AMES & CO. and for CASTINGS of every description in Brass or every description.

No. 2 Liberty street, New York. Iron RAILROAD WORK of all kinds finished in ALSO_Steam Engines and Railroad Castings o

BACKUS, AMES & CO.

the best manner. and at the shortest notice. every description.

No. 8 State street, Albany Orders to be addressed to The collection of Patterns for Machinery, is not N. B.--Also furnished to order, Shapes of every de.

Mr. EDWARD A. G. YOUNG, equalled in the United States. 19–1y scrption, made from Salisbury refined Iron. 4-ytr fob 20-ytf

Superintendent, Newcastle, Del

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PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT NO. 132 NASSAU STREET, NEW-YORK, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

D. K MINOR, and

EDITORS AND GEORGE C. SCHAEFFER, ) PRORIETORS.)

SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1836.

(VOLUME V.-No. 29.

CONTENTS :

will also contain other information on It is really surprising that "M” should Editorial Notices ; Ship Canals..

449 this subject, accompanied by an engra- have made his queries after examining, as Specification of a Patent relating to Locomotive

ving of a new and powerful locomotive de- it is presumed he has done, Mr. Johnson's Engines, etc.....

450 Improved Portable Fire Ladders ; London Grand signed by H. R. Campbell, of Philadelphia.maps and profile of the canal in question,

now on the walls of the Merchant's ExJunction Railway ; Tioga Railroad.......... 451 Enlargement of the Erie Canal ; Railroad Report. 452

A communication from C. R. W. will ap- | the Assembly documents of the last year,

change, in this city. Had “M” referred to Interesting Facts and Documents' in relation to

pear in our next No. Avery's Rotary Engine....

455
In answer to numerous applications re- 4, Nos. 10, 11, 12 and 40, he would have

No. 185, or to the Railroad Journal, Vol. Agriculture &c,

460

specting the cost, durability, and comfort found that 57 1-2 of the 92 1-2 miles from Advertisements....

463

of wooden pavements as ascertained in the Oswego to Utica, are natural waters, easily AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. New-York experiment, we are preparing an improved, viz: Oswego river, Oneida river, NEW-YORK, JULY 23, 1836.

article containing all the information that and Lake. That from Fish Creek, at the can be found on this subject.

head of Lake Oneida, to Rome, the disNOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.

tance of new canal, principally through sand PROPOSALS will be received by the Morris Ca.

From the New York American.

and loam, is only 10 miles; that from nal and Banking Company, at the Engineers Office,

SHIP CANALS.

Rome to Utica, is 15 miles,—easy digging, Meades Basin, from the 1st to the 4th of August next, for the excavation, embankment, and mechanical

for either a new canal, which would be the

Your work on the Long Pond Feeder, a distance of five

of the 12th has just reached || cheapest-or, as Mr. Johnson's calculation

paper and a half miles. Also, for the erection of a stone me. In it I find a writer with the signature mada, and other work; near the outlet of Long Pond. of “M,” who, after having examined the // was, to enlarge the Erie Canal

, this short the Engineers office, after the 1st of August.

distance, by ratsing thc level and embankmaps of the proposed " New York Ship

ments. R. B. MASON, Engineer. Canals,” makes the inquiry, “ if there is 29-tlaug.

not some error in the estimates of E. F. As “M” quotes the cost of this canal

Johnson, Esq., of the Ship or Steamboat | from Mr. J's report, correctly, and gives HARTFORD AND NEW HAVEN RAILROAD. Canal from Oswego to Utica, calculated to its width 90 feet, depth 8 feet, and lockage

The Hi and N. H. Railroad Company, are prepared || cost $1,131,989, for a distance of 924|180 1-2 feet, (a little more than half the Nito make immediate contracts for 200,000 running feet miles." If Captain Williams is to be be- || agara lockage,) is it not singular that “M”. and from cighteen to thirty feet in length ; of the lieved in his estimates for the great nation- | omits to compare the size of the locks of quality best suited to receive a flat iron rail, -the nl work around the Falls of Niagara, that Mr. Johnson with those of Capt. Williams, day of May next. Also for 200,000 running feet in canal, with 3194 feet of lockage, calculated || calculated for the national work, to transfer addition, to be delivered by the first day of September for a double set of locks, 300 feet long, 50 | the trade from ene Jake to another, and PROPOSALS may be addressed to

wide, and 10 feet lift, will cost, by the even the hull of a frigate, and the largest ALEX. C. TWINING, Engineer. longest route (15 miles,) $4,744,982; the steamboat that floats on the lakes. Capt. New Haven, July 19th, 1836.

shortest (7 3-4 miles,) $3,610,596 ; but Williams' locks are 200 feet long, 50 wide,

with single locks, $2,658,899—all that will | 10 feet list, of cut stone-whilst the canal : It is with most sincere pleasure that we be required for a long period.

itself is two feet deeper than Mr. Johnson's, announce to our readers that we have wit- This important variation in cost of single and 20 feet wider,--principally out through nessed the ascent of a locomotive, made by locks, $1,041,696, “ M,” with some pecu- | a limestone rock, with a magnificent basin Mr. Wm. Norris of Philadelphia, on the liarity, omits to notice, when he compares || : Lewiston of 100 acres, 100 feet above Schuylkill inclined plane, the grade being the cost of Capt. Williams' Ship Canal

, 110the Niagara river. These facts will ac--369 feet per mile, and drawing after it alson's estimates for a canal from Oswege mile!! of the two works, and I trust will

feet wide, 10 feet deep, with Mr. John- | count for the difference in the estimate per weight of over 15 tons. We shall in our

to Utica with single locks, 130 by 30 feet, || be considered an answer to “-M's” inquinext give the particulars of this very inter

cross section 90 by 8 feet. The answers ries--particularly after I state, that Mr. esting experiment.

to " M's” queries are simple, and can rea- Johnson's able report, had to undergo the We shall also give a comparative state-dily be given by Mr. Johnson, Capt. Wil- | rdeal of a kicking and cuffing, by three of ment of the performances of locomotives up liams, or any one who has read the able re- the State Engineers, after it was presented to the present time. The next number ports of these engineers,

to the Legislature. See R. R, Jourdu,

29—3t.

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