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the cost of transportation, independent of sonages. M. Roger, Governor of the that can be desired by the most fastidious
tolls should not exceed 3 quarters of a cent Province of Antwerp, and the Burgomas-traveller. This novel and attractive design
per ton per mile, iind does any rational manter of the town, delivered addresses to his will doubtless meet with great encourage-
doubt, but, with the improvements every Majesty, who replied in suitable terms.ment.-Galignani Mess
day niaking in Railroads, transportation by

The whole way from Brussels to Antwerp
was lined with troops, and notwithstanding pike roads since the appointment of Mr.

The expense of keeping the Bath turnthat inode will ultimately be reduced to near

the rain fell ia torrents, an inmense con- M'Adam as general surveyor, in 1826, has ly the minimum of cost on Canals?

course was assembled to view the ceremo- been so reduced, as to enable the trustees, I did intend in this nuinber, to give a de

ny. scription of the Luzerne Anthracite Coal ed with belgian, French, English, and to lay out nearly 45,0001. in lowering hilis

The carriages were all richly adorn- with an increase of only 18,0001. to the debt, Valley, but it is impossible to do so consis. American Aags and other decorations, and making new roads, entirely to give up tently with the brevity prescribed to myself, I therefore deler such description to my the Chainpz-Elysees, in the presence of a wards of 3,7001. a year, and to remove

Last week an experiment was made in the statute labour, to reduce ihe tolls upCommittee of the Societe d' Encouragement several of the toll gates.--Standard.

pour l'Industrie Nationale, and a number of The Augsburgh Gazette gives the folRail-Road. A new locomotive engine on engineers, on the possibility of running lowing from Holsiein, dated the 17th inst. : the Lowell Rail Road a few days since wagons on iron railroads, having curves of A report is spread of the English compabrought from Bosion 130 tons, weight of a radius less than 50 metres, at an extra- ny having found a more direct road for the engine, cars and loading included. The ordinary velocity, according 10 the system commerce of the Baltic: they propose

of M. Laignel. A wagon weighing 500 establishing a railroad to begin ai Gluksame enzine without any load


the Tender, pissed from the watering place to

kilogrammes, loaded with 1360 kilogram- stadt, and end at one of the Baltic ports, Lowell, a distance of fifteen miles in 20 min. plane of one decimetre in every merre, wentine Elbe by Iamburs would thus be

ines of paving stones, started on an inclined probably Kiel. The circuitous course of ules; that is at the rate of 45 miles per safel; along a curve of 32 metres in length avoided, and considerable duties upon the hour. This is quick time, forward march ! at the rate of 15 leagues an hour; without transit of goods would be economised. Such a car as this would be convenient "to going off i he wheel way, though the outer Some steps have already been taken with send after the Doctor."

band of the ridge was not more than one the Government upon the subject; the reJune 17, 1333.

H. C. centimetre in height, and was the only | port, however, merits confirmation."

opposition to the centrifugal force. The

trial succeeded perfectly, and appears 10 FOREIGN RAILROAD ITEMS.

RAILROAD AND CANAL have resolved a difficulty which has hith.

INTELLIGENCE. A deputation, consisting of Colonel Knox erto been considered as insuperable. The

RAILROAD FROM ALTON TO GALENA.Gore, Lord Lieut. of the county of Sligo, | system of M. Laignel is extremely si.nple on behalf of the county of Mayo Committee and is applicable to all railroads.

The Charter is a liberal one. The capital. of the Blacksod and Broadhaven Railway,

stock to be $1,000,000, and power to in

Notwithstanding the very heavy rains Sir H. Meredith, Hon. Sir F. Stanhope, during the whole of the past week, and the

crease it to any amount. The Company is

The R. Murdock, Esq., agent to the Earl of present difficulty of access to the com- not required to pay any bonus or tax. Arran and to Mrs. Leslie, Mr. Leahy,|| inencement of the London and Greenwich road to be completed in ten years, or at Solicitor, etc., have had an interview with | railway, as well as the company having least one-fourth part

. This road will pass the Lord Lieutenant, at Dublin Castle, rela- been able to work only one engine and through the most wealthy and fertile part tive to the survey of the harbours on the seven carriages in a train, the receipts of of our State. Galena, the Potosi of Illiwestern cost of Ireland, with a view of the week amounted to 5301. 178. 6d. nois, is for upwards of six months in the selecting an eligible one as a packet sta- Courier,

year, shut out from market by ice and low tion; and also for the purpose of getting Accounts of the 230 ult. from Romevast hidden treasure in its bowels, will not

This country, which has such a his Excellency's instructions to the Board mention that it is in contemplation to estab-| be shut thus long from market. By this of Works to have a calculation and state-lish regular steamboats between the mouth || road we will be enabled to send our surplus: ment made of the expense of a survey of||of the Tiber and Naples. the intended line of railway from Dublin to he noted banker, is at the head of the com- I will at some future time take this subject

M. Torlonia, produce to a near and safe market. We Blacksod and Broadhaven harbours by Ipany organising for this enterprise. Mullingar, Longford, Granard, Carrick-on

and try to show the great necessity and im

A letter froin Trieste of the 191h ule. Shannon, Boyle, Ballina, Casilebar, etc.,

of this work.-Rushville Journal.

portance says :-"Yesterday the steamboat of 100 and from Mulli gar to Galway, by Athlone, horse power, which is to be employed as a

DETROIT AND Sr. JosephS RAILROAD.. Ballinasloe, etc. Ilis Excellency received packet between Constantinople and Galatz,|--We hear favorable accounts of this road. the deputation most graciously, and stated lieft this port for Smyrna. The passage No pains have been spared to advance the that he would communicate with the Board will it is said, be made in six days. She undertaking. of Work.—Dublin Packet. will toucli at Corfu and Athens

It is expected that the road will be The Brussels Journals contain aɔcounts Arrangements are making on the Lon-finished as far as Ypsilanti by the first of of the opening of the iron railroad between don and Greenwich Railway to convey January next. that capital and Antwerp on Tuesday. At 300 passengers at a trip at Easter Fair half past 11 o'clock, the Belge steain-tug As the carriages make four trips per hour,

RAILROAD FROM PENSECOLA TO COLUM started towing after it 12 carriages in this would give 13,200 persons; and as BUS.—Major Graham of the U. S. Eng. which were the Ministers, the Goverror, this may be fairly doubled during the holiis engaged in locating this road. Much the municipality, and other notables of the lays, we do not think it too much to sup. of the iron is contracted for, as also six city. These were followed by Stephenson, pose that they may carry 26,400 persons

locomotives from Lowell. drawing an infinite number of vehicles con- per diem.-Chronicle. taining the provincial authorities and other


Few persons would even ten years ago persons invited. They stopped an hour have thought of making a cour in thell-The agents sent to London to cbtain an, at Malines, where the whole party partook | Levant and round the Mediterranean in 74 appropriation for the survey of this road of an elegant breakfast. The convoy then days including a sojourn of 51 days in 15 have succeeded. proceeded to Antwerp, where, on arriving different places. An advertisement in this

Lord Glenelg the colonial minister with at the suburb of Borgerhout, it was receiv-day's Journal announces the above intered by the King and Queen, who were underesting voyage to take place in May next,

the consent of the king having appropriated a tent, and surrounded by their court, the from Marseilles, in a splendid steamboat, 10,0001. for the expenses of the survey. foreign ambassadors, and other great per having every accommodation and luxury This liberality has called forth the proper




spirit. The following is from the Morn. IMPROVEMENT OF MUSKINGUM to offer increased facilities for getting Courier, Montreal.

_ The survey preparatory to this improve patch, many of he traders who had not

goods up the river, and with greater delo It is gratifying to learn that the inhabi- ment has been undertaken by Charles Hill,

previously been 10 this market, were per. tants of New Bsunswick are to lose no Esq. of Zanesville. The selection of this suaded to try it for their light as well as ime in making the proper use of the 10,0001. Igentleman appears to find general favor. heavy goods, but high water and the usual sately granted by government for the pur

difficulties of navigation at the canals and pose of effecting a complete survey of the

sand bars, caused such delays as finally exSt. Andrews and Quebec Railroad. A let

We perceive by the following extract hausted the patience of the sufferers. It ler from Mr. Wilson, of St. Andrews, that Major McNeil, Chief Engineer and has now retrograded nearly to the old spot (N. B.) to Mr. AULDJO, of this city, ex- | Agent of the Boston and Provieence Rail- again. The quantity of salt heretofore planatory of the steps the Railway Commit- road has resigned his situation.

freighted has been large and as a general tee are about to take is subjoined :

This gentleman has charge of the Long rule, been bought, not because it was want

This gentleman has charge of the Longed immediately, but to make up a full St. Andrews, June 14, 1836.

Island road to which it is said he is about freight for the boats, and kept on hand from Dear Sir,-You will ere this have re- to devote his entire attention.

the summer months until wanted in the ceived a plan and prospectus of our pro

The compliment is deserved, and shows winter. During the past two years an imand probably have heard of our expectations how highly Major McNeill is esteemed. portant change has occurred in the price


Extract from the Records of the Boston Boston on this article. They engage to having been so happily realized by our

charged by the transportation lines from noble government in England, granting us and Providence Railroad Company, June bring salt to the door of the merchant for 10,0001. the more fully to explore and as-111, 1836. certain the practicability of making the road. Voted, that the resignation of Major Mc- river, or deliver it at a certain price per

ihe same price per ton as is charged on the And we have the strongest assurances from Neill

, as tendered in his letter of May 28th bushel, at their option. Government, that on this point being ascer-| be accepted, and that the following vote of For instance to Wells River, the river tained, we shall not be disappointed in the thanks, and for the payment of his salary to price is 60 cts per bushel, or $15,00 per grant of Crown lands through which this the 1st of July next be communicated to

The transportation lines deliver salt road will pass; as well as aid in money | him by the President.

al $15,00 per ton or at one dollar per bushel from our Casual and Territorial revenue. Voted unanimously, that the thanks of the including cost in Boston. The preference With these high favors we are fully confi-| Board be presented to Wm. Gibbs McNeill, already shown by some to the transporta. dent of ultimate success in this great work. Esq. for the distinguished ability and fidelity ion lines, is extending to others and will

A deputation is now at Fredericton ad- with which he has conducted the affairs 0: not only be felt here, but also by the provising with Sir ArchIBALD Camrbell, our the Corporation as their principal agent and prietors of the locks and canals in their Governor, so as to make the necessary engineer; and the gentlemanly deportment receipts for tolls. The moment this is arrangements for the exploration. which he has uniforınly displayed towards taken away from us, just so certain will purpose to begin at Point Levi, and all the officers of the Company.

the trade for others follow, because it is from thence proceed the whole route to St. Voted unanimously, that the salary of an important article, on which the boats Andrews. As the season is advancing, the principal Agent and Engineer, be con-| rely to make up the deficiencies of other we wish not to lose any time in commen-tinued until the 1st of day of July next, and freight and also in order to make constant cing the


and the invaluable services the Treasurer is hereby directed to pay the and regular trips. of Captain Yule we fully calculate on, and same accordingly.

On freight from Wells River to Hartford i as many cther scientific gentlemen to be Office of the Boston and Providence the expense for labor as compared with the selected at your City and Quebec, as may Railroad Company.

1olls, is 1 to 4} for every five dollars and a le necessary for the work; the object, (Signed) WM. W. Woolsey, Pres't. half paid out. On freight going up the therefore, in taking this liberty is to ask the

river for every twelve dollars, labor comparavor of your communicating with Capt.

ed with the folls, is as 4 to 24, making on

From the Times. Yule, and should he be absent from your RAILROAD AND TRADE UP THE CONNECT:- | about the same as for labor, which to say

an average up an down, the charge for tolls City, be pleased to address him advising aim of car wishes: and that a Deputation

the least is unfortunate for the business of will leave here in eight or ten days for Que- The obstructions in the navigation of Hartford. The distance to Wells River is bec via. Montrəal, with a view of the the river above, are only so many argu- 190 miles and the charge for freighi on a necessory arrangements for starting to the ments for entering heart and band in favor Railroad, as cha.ged on others which have exploring party; when they will have the of a Railroad through the valley. The paid serni-annual dividends of fou r per cent, honor to wait upon you. I am, very re-further north we go, we find that the num-/ would be $13,60—whereas it is $15,00 up spectfully, &c. yours,

ber of merchants who visit this market de $7,00 and down the river. If we can open

John Wileon. creases and that the amount of merchan-| facili'ies by which the merchant up the river George Auldjo, Esq.

dize freighted up the river, is as compared can have his goods deliverd early and late

to the amount sold there, exceedingly small with certainty and in a given time, they will ROME AND WATERTOWN RAILROAD.

and to a great degree composed of salt. all come this way for their light and heavy The preliminary survey of this road has | The reason why more of other articles are goods together, nor would a trifling differbeen undertaken by W. Dewey, Esq. of this not purchased in this market, is not because ence in expense on their light goods deter city, assisted by R. F. Livingston formerly they cannot do as well as they could else them from using a Railroad. Light goods

where, but because they cannot get them are as essential to the transportation lines of the St. John and Laprairie road.

home in season to meet the demand, and to make thern profitable, as salt to the This road will be one of many intersec-|| are therefore compelled to transport them boats on the river. ting this region, and destined to bring into by land from other markets.

It is fresh in our recollection what the play the resources of this section of country.

Limited quantities of light goods are state of navigation was on the river last From all that we can leam it is evident

sold to go up into the upper section, but year afier the first of July, and the vast

they a reluctant purchasers of them. It amount of property that was prevented that the proper spirit is about to prevail in may be said that whatever snccess the from arriving here until this spring, altho Watertown on this subject.

merchants here have experienced in the lit was ready to come and part of it on the It is needless to insist upon the advanta- sales of such goods, has been entirely ow-way as early as September and October, ges of the location of this place, recenting to their untiring activity and persever- yet no effort of ours can overcome them, sales of land in the vicinity having satisfied ng energy to induce the up river trade 10 nor counteract the causes which prevent make our city their market.

the merchants from using the river for the capitalists on that score.

In 1831 and 1632 when an effort was transportation of certain descriptions of mer







Salt carried up in 1834 was not all sold

and procuring of

And for miscella. until this spring, also some in 1835 was

182,734 71

purponot all disposed of a few days since ;-Grading, including


10,061 61 owing to the low price it was freighied alteration of turn

221,518 77 across the country froin Boston. These pike,

324,141 87 thing; require the serious consideration of Masonry,


Making a total of $1,163,325 32 Our citizens in view of the future prosperity | Slope or river wall, 17,924 41

With the monies thus expended, all the of Hariford as well as of the merchants | Bridges,

61,003 71

necessary lands, with a slight exception, engaged in the trade. So nething ough: Red Cedar timber, 40,619 54

have been purchased—the fencing, grad. to be done to arresi the emigration of our || Timber other than

ing, masonry, and bridges nearly completed active and enterprising young men to the red cedar, and ex.

-ihe iron plates procured-nearly two west where facilities for cominunication clusive of that

thirds of the timber and superstructure for with the interior from the seaboard, and our used for bridges, 48,143 77

a single track paid for—and an important great lakes and rivers, are multiplying Superstructure of

advance made towards engines, carriages every year.

road, including

and depot buildings. It is probable a Railroad would only be transportation of

2. Of the present condition of the Road. used for carrying passengers and light

34,160 14

With a few unimportant exceptions, the freight; now if this is true, why can we Coaches and wag. not expect a rapid increase of the northern

road is graded for a double track from State ons,

18,390 32 trade for all descriptions of goods, and that Carriage houses,

street in Schenectady to the terminating the river would still be used for the trans- barns, shops and

point at Urica, and about two thirds of the portation of heavy articles of merchandize; other depot

surperstructure of a single track completed. and in fact be augmented beyond its pres.

buildings, 23,039 82

Had the Oswego and Senoca canals been ent amount as soon as the Railroad was Printing, station

open as early as usual, and the navigation completed ? If the proprietors of the locks

ery and adverti

of the latter remained uninterrupted, so and canals would consent to a reduction

that the timber under contract could have sing,

716 06 in the price of tolls and ration it in equitable Fuel for locomo

been received within the time originally proportion among themselves, would they tive engines,

2,539 69

contemplated, the road would have been not benefit themselves as much as the Miscellaneous ex

put in operation as early as the 15th or steamboats between here and New York penditures, in

2012 if July. But the delays incident to did in reducing the fire from five to three cluding salary

this interruption will prevent the running dollars? QUECHEE. of commission

of carriages until about the middle of Auer, 7,236 51

gust; when it is believed the whole line

will be in readiness for the conveyance of THIRD ANNUAL REPORT TO THE DIREC- From which is to

be deducted, one

passengers. Preparatory to this, five of

the eight locomotive engines ordered last half the cost COMPANY of the depot

year will be placed on the road, and the re. COMMISJONER, JUNE 6, 1836.

maining three delivered soon thereafter. grounds at

Added to which, fifty pleasure carriages,

carrying 24 passengers each, and fifty wag. To the President and Directors of the Utica to be refunded

ons for the accommodation of emigrants, and Sehenectady Railroad Company.

by the Mo

are nearly completed. Arrangements are Gentlemen-[ herewith submit the fol.

hawk & Hud.

also making to construct, without delay, lowing report of disbursements in construct


an additional track of from 12 to 15 miles ing the road of this company, its present

Company, 6,375

long, equi-distant from Utica and Scheneccondition and future prospects. The monies ad.

tady-so that until the second track shall 1. Of Disbursements. vanced on the

have been finished, a convenient passing The total amount of monies expended by

appraisal of the

place of sufficient extent may be afforded, ine at the last annual meeting of the board,

depot grounds

to prevent any delay in the transmission of was

at Ulica,which $266,435 11

passengers. But with a business of such Since then, up to the period of

are to be re

magnitude as already exists on the line of my last settlement with the

funded by indi

this road, and which must be greatly aug. Treasurer, on the 30th ult.,

viduals owing

mented whenever it is opened, it will unI had disbursed

real estate in 698,126 13

doubtedly be found important to complete 8,840

the second track at as early a day as may Making a total of

Fuel purchased 964,561 24

be pracicable. That the period of such

for Of this sum there has


completion should not be extended beyond been paid, For

tive engines,

another season, I believe will be admitted preliminary sur

chargeable to

by all who are conversant with the amount 16,730 83

the transporta veys,

of travel through the valley of the Motion account, 35,297 57 Engineering,

2,539 69

hawk. And monies ad. Löts purchased and

From the unusual depth of snow which vanced for red appraised in the

fell during the last winter, it had been an

cedar for the city of Schenec

ticipated that on the breaking up of the second track, 5,000

Mohawk and its tributary streams, the rail tady, and the expenses of procur

22,754 69 road would receive serious injury, and much 39,382 87

pains had been taken to open the ditches Do. do. at Little


$941,806 55|and culverts in exposed localities, and guard Falls,

the bridges with stone and other burthens. 34,331 34

The Treasurer Do.

But the result has shown that even these do. at Utica, 15,237 45

has also advan. Otherlands, fen

precautions were unnecessary. No injury

ced on account cing,* damages

whatever was experienced ; but on the of Iron, 150,084 62

contrary, the gratifying evidence furnished, Southern pine * The fencing in a great proportion of cases is to be

that the road will always be beyond the perpetuated by the owners of adjoining lands—a co- rails,

35,667 54

reach of the ordinary annual freshets, and venant having been inserted in their conveyances to | Locomctive en

probably beyond any that will ever oc. that effect, and an extra compensation allowed there.


25,705 for



that city,

ing titles,

3. Of the cost of the Road. I think is evident from the expenditures the season at the lock in charge of the tenThe amount already expended, on ac- and progress already made in the work. der here referred to, was 24,982, corres. count of construction as heretofore stated | t. Of the future prospects of the Company. Iponding precisely with the lockages at has been

$1.163,325 32
On this subject, I have seen nothing to of these lockages, about 2600 were of

Fort Plain, as reported to the canal board. The estimated cost of completing the single track change the opinions expressed in my first

packets and cribs, leaving a little more and putting the road in innual report. On the contrary, much has

than 22,000 of freight boats. Most of these transpired to render it highly probable that operation, is as follows :

boats carried passengers, and many of them

statements ihen made will be fully On the first division, extend

10 an extent nearly equal to the packets. realized. If any proof, indeed, were wanting from Utica to the ed, that the travel on this road would equal confined exclusively to freighting, and

Supposing, however, that one third were Nose, so called, in Pala

the anticipations then entertained, it might that the renainder had an average of tine, about 46 miles, agreeably to the estimates be found in the great increase which has


passengers each, the aggregate would of Mr. Higham, the resisince taken place, and which must con.

have been
linue to increase, not only from the rapidly | The number of passengers in the

146,670 sident engi

growing population of the west, but froni $70,850 neer,

packets and stages during the
On the second
the many facilities which are now in pro.

year was
gress to render the cominunication between the number passing over the

53,560 division extend

the western lakes and the Hudson river ing from the

turnpike in private carriages, Nose 10 the easy and expeditious. The remaining links

who would take the railroad Ballston road in the great chain of railroads from the

when completed, has been esin Glenville, Hudson to Buffalo having been authorized

timated at

5,000 about 30 miles,

by the legislature at its late session, it can

hardly adinit of a doubt, that in less than agreeably to

Total, three years the line will be completed, of this number

, it is believed that two thirds,

205,230 the estimates

and the transportation of passengers by of Mr. Lee, the

or 136,657, would take the pleasure carri. resident engisteam effected on the entire route. Should

ages, and the remainder, or 68,333, the the road from Lake Erie to the Ohio river, neer, 33,150

wagons. On the ihird divi.

recenily commencel, be completed within
the sare period, this, with ihe Saratogathe annnal expenses and repairs of the road.

In my first report, I gave an estimate of sion, extending

and Washington road now in progress, will That estimate was based, in some measure, from the Balls

form an uninterrupted communication in on an experiment which had been made on ton road to

the interior by stearn froin Quebec 10 Newthe Saratoga road, and a detailed report of a State street in Schenectady,

Orleans, less in exten: by several hundred commitiee of the directors, showing the

iniles than the routes usually travelled at probable cost of transportation and repairs. agreeably to the estimates the present time.

The sum fixed by them was $19,000; and of Mr. Lake,

Considerable pains have been taken to two years experience have shown its cortheresidenten

ascertain the number of persons who pass- rectness—the average expense of each year gineer, 38,707 15

ed in stages and canal boats between Utica having been $18,520 62. I am also asBalance for en

and Scheneciady during the last year.-- ||sured by the agent of the company, Mr. gines and put

From the packets and stages official returns Costigan, (and my own observation enables ting them in

have been received; but from the line or me to concur with him in opinion,) that the order, about 31,000

freight boats nothing of a definite charac- suin thus expended and ihe power emDo. for carriages

ter has been oblained. The collector al ployed, (in carrying freight as well as pasand wagons, 37,281

Little Falls, it is true, was requested to sengers,) have been amply sufficient to Do. for timber,

procure voluntary returns from these boats, transport 200,000 passengers over the road including the

and performed ihat duty as far as was in the number which I have estimated to central branch

his power; but as the proprietors commute pass between Utica and Schenectady anof fifteen miles,

with the state at a sum in gross for passen-nually. The length of the Saratoga road about 20,000

gers-were interested in withholding cor- is 22 miles ; that of the Utica and SchenecDo. for iron,

rect information--and were under no obli-| tady 78. Froin the nature of the business about 5,000

gations whatever to make returns, it is evi- on the Saratoga road, locomotive engines Engineering, 8,000

vient that the statements made by them cannot be used economically for so long a Horses, 5,000

were very imperfect; especially when the period in the year as on the Utica road, and Harness, 1,000

number of passengers reported falls so fartie cost of horses must necessarily be proMiscellaneous, es

below the estimaies of numerous persons on portionately greater. The expenses, loo, of timated at 5,000

the canal fainiliar with this kind of travel.conducting a short road bear an unequal

- 254,938 15 Even the collector himself is satisfied that comparison with those incurred on a more To which must be added the

many boats passed from which no informa-extensive route; so that four times the dis. purchase of the Mohawk

tion was received; and that from others, bursements on the Sara.oga road, or $76,turnpike, required by the

the returns made, and especially from those000, though the Ulica road is less than charter of this company,

62,000 passing in the night, were much below the four times as long, would seem to be a suf.

actual number. Still, from the information | ficient annual provision for conducting the Total,

$1,480,323 47|thus obtained, the passengers over 12 years operations of the latter road. But to this Calls to the amount of $1,500,000 hav- of age, reported to him froin the 25th of I have added 33 per cent., making a lotal ing been made of the capital stock, no April, ten days after the navigation had of $101,230. further payments from the stockholders will commenced to the close thereof, announted The present price of conveying passenbe necessary during the present year.

The to 76,463. One of the lock lenders at thegers in the packets and stages between laying of a second track and an increase same place counted the passengers for a Utica and Schenectady is $3,50, and in the of engines and carriages to correspond with limited period, and fixed upon 750 as the line boats exclusive of meals, from $1,20 an increase of business, will probably re-daily average for the season~a number to $1,50. The rail road company, by their quire an expenditure of the residue of the correspondmg with the views of several charter, are authorized to charge 4 cents a capital. I have therefore, in the estimates other well informed persons. This num-mile, or $3,12; but as experience has which follow, assumed as a basis, that the ber, allowing the canal to have been navi- shown that a moderate fare is always atroad, when completed, will cost $2,000,- / gable for 220 days, made an aggregate oftended with more prosperous results; that 000, That it will not exceed that annount,||165,000. The amount of lockages during competition is in that way more effectually

June 6,



avoided, and the prejudices existing against|erection of fixtures, and the advances made|| dle of its beight. From the top of this incorporations of this character materially | to land owners for perpetuating division chamber, proceeds a pipe of sheet iron, lessened, it will doubtless be deemed desi.)fences, no: then contemplated, the early | which after rising vertically 4 or 5 feet rable by the directors to fix upon such a pledge which was given relative to the assumes a horizontal direction for about 15 standard of prices as shall accomplish these cost of this roarl will be fully redeemed, || feet more; at this distance there is no fear objects. In this report I have supposed the and its operations commenced under the of fire, and the rest of the pipe may be of fare in the pleasure carriages to be $2,50, most favorabie auspices.

wood. he extensio of the pipe comand in the waggons $1.

I am, gentleinen,

municates with a condensing apparatus, on Allowing, then, that these estimates are With great respect,

the principle of Woolf, but which may bo within proper limits, and that the present

Your obt. servant,

formed of common barrels. travel through the valley of the Mohawk

G. M. DAVISON, Com'r. In charging the kiln with wood, a post will be transferred to the rail road, the fol

U. & S. R. R. Co.

whose height is equal to the depth of the lowing abstract will show the result:


excavation is set up in the middle, and sup136,667 passengers, at $2,50 $341,667

ported in its place by a heap of fragments 68,333 do. at $1 68,333

[Concluded from our last.I

of charcoal. ' A number of the larger logs

are chosen and laid on the bottom of the $410,000

kiln in such a manner as to form rudiating Deduct for annual expenses and

AUTHORITY.—Dumas: Chimic appliquee aux arts. flues terminating at the places when the air repairs,


in consequence of the great waste of tubes pass through the lining. Across

charcoal, in the usual mode of preparation, these a horizontal layer of logs is laid. The Leaving

$308,770|and the entire loss of the volatile matter,|| radiating logs mnst neither touch the post or a little more than 15 per cent. on the two modes have been contrived, in either or the lining of the kiin, the secondary entire capital of $2,000,000, admitting the of which the quantity of charcoal obtained layers extend from the one to the other whole to be expen-led.

may be almost as large as in iron cylinders, Layers are then placed in succession in In the foregoing, no allowance is made and the volatile matters may be collected. such manner as to leave as little empty for an increase of travel, nor for the trans- The first of these is best suited to the space as possible, particularly near the cir. portation of the mail, both of which may hard woods which contain but little sesinous cumfrence, until the kiln is filled. The kiln be anticipated. With no other than the

matter. This operation is performed in a having been charged, the post is drawn out present means of conveyance, the increase kiln of the shape of a cylinder, or rather a of the middle, the cover set in its place, of passengers through the valley of the truncated cone, whose larger base is upper- and coated to the depth of not less than Mohawk has been from 20 10 25 per cent.most. It may be built of sods or tenaceous two inches with dry earth. per annum for several years past; and that earth above the natural surface of the soil, The stopers being withdrawn from the it will be greatly augmented when this but may be more conveniently excavated to Aues in the cover, lighted charcoal is pourd road shall have been put in operation, there such a depth that the earth thrown out may down through the middle tube ; this falls can be no doubt. From the permission

serve to form the upper part of the enclo- through the space left by the post, to the given by the legislature to the Syracuse rail

sure. In the only instance in which we heap of charcoal by which it was steadied, road company to carry freight, on paying have seen it employed in this country, name- and sets it on fire. The central fue is tolls when the canal is navigable

, it is fairly at the West Point Foundry, the excava- then tightly closed, in order that the draught to presume too that a similar permission|tion is lined with brick.

may be directed toward the outside of the will be granted to this company. But I

In order to admit air to the kiln, when mass of wood. In order to make the joint have made no account of these matters.

made by excavation, for the purpose of|of the stopper tight, it is luted with plastic The increase of travel will doubtless pro maintaining the combustion. tubes of ear-clay, The other flucs begin to discharge vide for any diversion that may take place; then ware or cast iron, are carried down smoke, which is surrounded by flame. As and the carrying of freight would afford a from the surface of the ground to the bot-soon as the fame ceases to have a blue fair remuneration whenever the canal was

tom of the excavation ; these lie behind the color, and becomes white and clouded, the closed, and the transportation of passengers lining, and are either passed through it fiues have their stoppers loosely applied to limited. Bit wi hout these, it will be seen, if the foregoing, estimates are entitled to which communicate with the interior of the air tubes are diminished. near the bottom, or enter small brick vaults, them, and the openings of the descending

The draught will possess an equal value.' Indeed, the great kiln. The kiln may be closed at top by a thus be directed to the condensing apparatus. and increasing travel throngh this general cover made of sheet iron, to support which But if the collection of the acid be not intenavenue from east to west; ihe highly fi-when the lining is not of brick, a ring of ded, the tubes in the cover are but partially vorable formation of the country, not only bricks must be placed around the top of the closed. The combustion may be regulated for a cheap structure, but for an economi

excavation. The cover must extend on within the kiln by the air tubes and those cal prosecution of business ; and the rich all sides three or four inches beyond the in the cover.

Thus, too rapid an action in and variegated scenery, of the valley opening of the kiln, in order to have a suffi- any one part may be checked by completely through which it passes-all combine to

cient support. In this cover there are closing the several air tubes and the opporender it morally certain that this will be several openings, one at the centre, the site fue ; and if it be too slow, these must one of the inosi lucrative as well as inter- others near the circumfrence. Through be opened as far as possible until the action esting public works in the Union.

each of these a short tube or flue of sheet be restored. In closing this report, I should do injus. iron passes, and the several tubes are sur- For a kiln 10 by 9 the operation occutice to my own feelings, were I to omit a nished with stoppers of iron.

pies from 60 to 80 hours, and is known to reference to the engineer corps in the em

The size described by Dumas is 10 ft. || be complete when the upper layer of wood

Under the direc-(French) in diameter, and nine feet deep. appears to be incandescent; when this has tion of Mr. Young, the chief of the de- The central tube is nine inches in diameter. taken place, the stoppers of all the openings partment, aided by his valuable assistants. The number of these at the circumfrence is except that of the central flue are removed the road has been prosecuted in a inanner four, each four inct es in diameter. for a short time, and a quantity of hydrogen highly creditable to their talents and enter- That used at the West Point Foundry is will be expelled which it does not injure the prize, and with an economy unsurpassed on

12 feet in diameter and 9 feet deep. quality of the charcoal, would render it less any public work. Indeed, the expen

In order to condense the volatile matter, saleable. As soon as the peculiar flame of ses of construction, notwithstanding is one opening is made in the lining near the hydrogen ceases, all the openings, both of complex character, have not exceeded the top of the kiln to which a tube of cast iron the air tubes, and flues, must be closed by estimates of Mr. Y. originally furnished to or earthenware is applied. This tube com-shuting their stoppers with clay, and coverthis board—a result as novel as it will prove municates with a small chamber built of |ing them with caps of sheet iron containing gratifying to every stockholder. Except-brick, about 18 inches long, a foot in width, clay. The dry earth is removed from the ing the purchase of additional grounds, the and 15 inches high, entering about the mid-cover, and it is plastered with earth mixed

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