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UNERAREN BERRIKO and condensing the volatile parts, the whole cross. Around these, other logs are placed impossible, in this method, to collect the of the matter of the wood may be collected. leaning against them, thus forming a trun- pyrolignous acid or gas. This is now found to consist of a black cated cone resting on the horizontal layer. The waste which thus takes place, has mass, retaining the figure and structure of If the quantity of wood permit, a second led to various attempts to improve the prothe wood, and known by the name of char- and a third range of logs are piled up in the cess. Among these, has been the formacoal, composed of carbon, and the earthy same manner; the rule to be observed, tion of moveable enclosures of basketand saline matter mentioned as found in ash- being that the height of the truncated cone work, by which the pits might be surroundes; water; acetic acid held in the water ; || shall be about half the diameter of the base. ed, and which, is carefully guarded from tar, partly unmixed, and parly dissolved in The heap being completed, the outside is combustion during the first time they are the water by the action of the acetic acid; with covered with small wood, on which are laid used, are so much charged with pyrolignous carbonated hodrogen, carbonic oxide and twigs and branches. l'pon these, a layer acid as to be thereafter almost incombusticarbonic acid. At the temperature of 310° of earth, from 4 to 6 inches thick, is placed, ble. Another method is, to form the floor Fahr. the quantity of solid matterleft is nearly || covering the whole heap, except a few open- of the pit of iron sheets, or cast iron plates, double that left at a red heat, and if exposed, ings, one of which is in the middle of the beneath which is a cavity that serves as a suddenly to a heat above redness, the quan- | top, and others correspond to the radiating furnace; no air holes need be left in this lity of charcoal left, is diminished. The passages in the horizontal layer.

method, and thus little wood is burnt away. charcoal is itself a product of sufficient val

The pit being thus finished, it may be It has been proposed, by Mr. Marcus Bull, ue to be sought for to the exclusion of the set on fire either by pushing burning brands to effect the conversion into charcoal, at the rest; at other times the decomposition of to the centre of the base through one of expense of fuel of inferior value ; for this wood is effected principally for the sake of the horizontal passages ; or by drawing out purpose, the whole space between the logs the acetic acid ; the carbonated hydrogen the central stake of the upper layer, and is filled up with the refuse charcoal of has in some few cases been collected and dropping in burning fuel.

former burnings, which, being more inflamapplied to the purpose of illumination, and when this is the case the tar is also saved. hole at the top of the heap, which will be loge:

A thick smoke will first ooze through the mable than wood, burns first, and chars the Manufacture.— The most perfect mode

followed, after a time, by flame.

As soon

By either of these methods, the product of manufacturing charcoal, is that which as flame appears, this hole is closed by

of 1121 lbs. of wood may be raised to 22 corresponds most nearly with the distillation

It now becomes

lbs. The last is obviously easily practicareferred to in the preceding section. Wood laying a sod over it

.

ble ; as wherever the preparation of charis introduced into iron cylinders, which are

cessary to pay particular attention to the closed, and placed in a heated furnace.-regulation of the combustion, b; closing coal is carried to a large extent, the remoand opening the remaining hɔles, in pro

val and handling leaves a considerable The action is continued as long as any portion to the energy of the combustion. If quantity of dust and small stagments which gaseous or volatile matter appears. cylinder is then removed, and replaced by Charcoal will be consumed; if too slow, it be too rapid, too large a portion of the may be applied to the purpose.

At the Bennington furnace, (Vermont,) another also charged with wood. As the the logs will be only partially charred, leav- where the coal is obtained from a tract of gas which is evolved is principally of an

In addition to

, inflamable character, it is, after the conden- ing what are called brands.

the holes already left, it be

may

a mode of preparing charcoal, different from

neeessary sable substances have been separated in a

others at points where the combus- | any we have described, has been put in proper refrigerator, carried by a pipe to the tion is too slow, and to stop up crevices practice. The trees were of so: large a furnace, where it is inflamed by the burning which may be formed by the cracking of size, as to render the labor of cutting them fuel, and by the heat of its combustion, aids

the earthen covering. A regular and proin the distillation of the remainder of the wood. This method is employed in the per action is marked by smoke flowing sive. They, in consequence, were not remanufacture of charcoal for gunpowder. - slowly and in equal quantity from all the duced to less dimensions than 12 feet in process, it has been found that dry openings but that at the top, where the great-length, and were rolled together into piles er rapidity of the current causes a larger

in which they retained their horizontal posiwood yields 28 per cent. of charcoal, and requires 124 per cent. of the same wood, quantity of smoke to make its way from tion, and which, therefore, had a prismatic under the sod laid upon it. Wher the outer

form. These heaps were covered with used as fuel, to effect its decomposition.

That part of the volatile matter which legs of the pile have been reached by the earth, and lighted from the top ; the draught consists of water holding acetic acid, and

fire, which will be shown by the outside vents were at the ends. The management, tar in solution, goes by the name of appearing of a dull red heat at night, the in other respects, was the same as in the

conical pits, and the charcoal was of supelignous acid. This process is sometimes process is completed; all the openings must then be carefully stopped, and a second

rior quality. conducted principally in 'reference to this

(Concluded in the next) product, which may be used in the prepara- After a few hours, these coats of earth are

layer of earin applied to the whole surface. tion of vinegar, and as a source of pure removed, and replaced by a third, which

AGRICULTURE, &c. acetic acid.

must be so applied as to prevent all access The apparatus used in this method is too

From the New England Farmer. of external air. costly to permit it to be employed in ma

FARMERS' WORK. king the great quantities of charcoal which In a pit of a single layer, the whole pro

Roots For CATTLE.-It is impossible are required in various chemical and me

cess is finished on the fourth day, and the
charcoal fit to be drawn. In the largest stock to profit without feeding cattle with

to manage a farm to advantage, or raise chanical arts, and for domestic purposes. In these cases, recourse is had to the sim- heaps, it may not be finished for from 15 to ple and ancient mode of carbonising the

roots; and among the best of roots for that 30 days.

purpose is the ruta baga, or Swedish turip. wood, in what are usually styled coal-pits. This process would be perfect, were We believe that the person most instru

The wood which is to be converted into no wood burnt away than is mental in introducing the culture of that charcoal, is cut to the usual length of cord sufficient to drive off the volatile matter of excellent root into the U. S. was the late wood, say about four feet. A floor is first the remainder. It is, however, hardly pos. Williamı Cobbett. The following direcformed by laying logs radiating from a sible to attain this, although it is said to rions for raising that root are extracted from centre, with an interval of a few inches be- have been approached in Sweden, in some a treaties written by that famous agricultutween them, and filling the sectors of the instances, when the heaps were of the rist; and perhaps are as as plain and corcircle included between them with other largest size. In this operation, even when rect as can be prescribed. logs. At the centre of this circle, a stake performed under favorable circumstances, Mode of saving aud preserving the seed. is set up vertically, to the top of which two it rarely happens that 112 lbs. of wood The ruta baga is apt to degenerate if the short pieces, crossing each other, are ad- yield more than 17 of charcoal, while by seed is not sowed with care. In England justed. Four logs are placed on end, lean- distillation in a cylinder, the same quantity, we select the fairest roots and the best form ing against the stake and supported by the | as we have seen, yields 28 lbs. It is also for seed, rejecting all such as are of a whit.

In this

more

'sh color or greenish towards the neck, pre-|| KinnEAR, of Albany, to view a Cashmere HUDSON & BERKSHIRE RAILROAD ferring such as are of a redish cast. These Goat. Mr. Kinnear, through the aid of

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. when selected should be carefully preserved relatives in France, purchased a pair of SEALED PROPOSALS will be received over the winter, and set in the month of these beautiful and rare animals, from a by the Hudson & Berkshire Railroad ComMarch or April, in a rich soil, remote fron geatleman who owns the only fuck in pany. at ibeir office in the city of Hudson, any reots of the turnip or cabbage kind, to France; and they were brouy bulion Prislibe 20th day of July, for excavating preserve the seed pure and unmixed. Two to Havre ia the Diligence, and there

and embanking 16 miles of ilirir road from

pu: or three roots if they do well, will yield seed on board of one of the pickets, but from Chaibam Corners to the city of Pludsun. sufficient for au acre of land. Let the seed some cause, the voyage was too much for üles of the route will be exhibited at the remain in pods until the time of scwing. the back, which lied, as well as the youn: Kailroad office in the city o;' Hudson, divid.

Time of sowiig:- The time of sowing kid, which was added to the funnly on the led into sections of half a mile and one wile may be from the 25th of June to the 16th voyage. The doe, however, survived ; each, for examination, hy the 1st of July of July, as circumstarces may be. and although very lein, is a beautifui aext. Proposals will also be received for

Quality and preparation of the land.—, animal; being, as we were informed, the furnishing 200,000) feet of white pine, chestAs a fine, rich garden mould of great depth 'first ever imported into this country, will

, but

, or white hemlock sills, 5 by s and 16 and having a porous substratum is best for we hope, be the first of numerous flocks long and 6 inches square. every thing that vegeta'es except plants which shall in a few years cover our bills;

Persons applying for contracts will be exthat live best in water, so it is best with ruta and we trust that Mr. Kinnear may soon pected, unless personally known to the combaga. I know of no soil in the United replace his loss, and be successful, in pany or engineer, to present with their proStates, upon which this root may not be rearing a flock which may be profitable.posals, recommendations as to their ability cultivated with the greatest facility, except-: Why may we not, in a few years, manu

to perform their contracts.

GEORGE RICH, Chief Engineer. ing a pure sand and a stil clay, which are lucture Cashmere shawis, as well as silk? We NAY—and shall do ii-and compete

Hudson, June 25, 1836. very rare in this country.

25-1320 Manner of sowing.-My ploughman puts with the foreign manufacture in this as in NOTICE OF THE NEW-YORK AND the ground up in little ridges, having two everything else we undertake.

ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY. furrows on each side of the ridge, so that

TIE Company hereby withdraw their Advertiseeach ridge consists of four furrows, and

TO CONTRACTORS,

ment of 26th April, in consequence of their inability

iu prépare in time, the portions of the line proposed to the tops of the ridges were about four feet ENGINEER DEPARTMENT, Lawrenceburgh and b- let on the 30th June, at Binghampton, and on the from each other; and as the ploughing was

Indianapolis Railroad Company, June 20, 1836. lith of July at Monticello. Future notice shall be

PROPOSALS will be redividai this office until given, when proposals will be received at the above performed to a great depth, there was of the Sih of August for the graduation and masonry on places, for the same portions of the road. course a very deep gutter between every the first division of the Road,

JAMES G, KING, President. This division commences near the Ohio River at

21-tf two ridges.

Lawrenceburgh, Indiana, and follows the Valley of I took care to have the manure placed so Tanners Creek a di-lance of ten miles.

ARCHIMEDES WORKS. as to be under the middle of each ridge, that works can be examined at'he Engineers Office, Law. Plans and Profiles of the Rouie and proposed

(100 North Moor street, N. Y.) is to say, just beneath where my seed was renceburgh, Dearbor i County, Indiana.

New-YORK, February 12th, 1836. to come, which was sown principally in this

25-lat: 15 JULIUS W. ADAMS, Engineer. THE undersigned begs leave to inform the proprie

turs of Railroads that thy are prepared to furnish all manner :--A man went along by the sides SYRACUSE AND UTICA RAILROAD,

kinds of Machinery for Railroads, Locomotive Engines of each ridge, and put down two or three

BOOKS of Subscription to the above Stock will be of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in successsceds in places ten or twelve inches dis- og foreldron the bath, 2012, and 21st days of July next, ful operation on the Camden and Amboy Railroad,

nine of which have failed-Castings of all kinds, tance from each other, just drawing a little "Syracuse House,” in Syracusa.

Wheels, Axles, and Boxes, furnisived at shortest notice. earth over and pressing it lightly upon the Joseph C. Spencers's * Coffee House," Canastota.

II. R. DUNHAM & CO. J. H. Pratt's "Canal Coffe House," Luca.

4-ytf seed, in order to make it vegetate quickly, " Mansion House," Albany. before the earth became too dry. In this

Office of the Farmers' Loan and Trust ('ompa. ny," New-York

TO CONTRACTORS. method four pounds of seed sowed seven In Syracuse, ( anastota and I'tica the Books will be acres. Two men sowed the whole seven kept open from 9 10 12, and from 2 till 3, P. M., on the

PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the lwu first days, and on the last day till sunset.

Lestern Railroad Company, Boston, between the acres in two days.

In Albany and New-York from 10 till 3, P M.

25th and 30th inst, for the grading and masonry of After culture.—When the plants were Capital Stock $500,0). Shares $50.' $5 io be! quid Rvad from East Bos.on to Newbury port, a disfairly up, we went with a small hoe, and paid on each share on subscriwtion. Payments to be tane: of 331 miles

made in specie or Bank hills of his Staie. took out all but one in each ten or twelve 10th June, 1830.

Dated

The line of this road is along a favorable country, I. S SPENCEE, Secretary.

pa-sing threugh Lynn, Salem, Beverly, and Ipswich, inches, and thus left them to stand single.'

which places will afford contractors every facility for

obtuning provisions, &c. Plans and Profiles will be We next went with a hoe, and hoed the tops WILLIAM ATKINSON, Rochester, Now-York, ready, and may be seen at the Office, after the 22d of the ridges about six inches wide on each Real Estate Broker, buys and sells on Commission instant. side of the rows of plants, and then herse FARMS in the County of Monroe, and altends to the Sali-factory recommendations must accompany the Collection of Mortgages.

proposals of ihose who are unknown to the Engineer. hoed between the rows, with a common Persons desirous of purchasing Farms in that fertile

JOIN M. FESSENDEN, Engineer.

22-t30j horse plough, after the manner of tilling region, will do well to call on him. Indian corn, or potatoes, by first turning the earth from the plants, and next towards the

The Subscriber is authorised to sell Pace's MorticiNG MACHINES, to be used in plants at the second hoeing. There is no ground lost in these wide intervals, for the any of the Western, Southern, or Middle States, (except New-Jersey,) and also to sell lateral roots of the large turnip, as well as Rights for Towns, Counties, or States, in the same region, including New-York. the ruta baga will extend six feet from the Machines will be furnished complete, ready to work, and at a liberal discount to those ball of the plant; and my crop of thirty who purchase territory, or machines to sell again. three tons, or thirteen hundred and twenty

Applications may be made by letter, post paid, or personally, to bushels to the acre, taking the whole field

D. K. MINOR, Agent for Proprietor, together, had the same intervals ; and less than this, as was practiced by my neigh

132 Nassau street, New York. bors, always diminished the crop. Wide as the intervals were, the leaves of some of

♡ Terms of single machines, $30 to $35, for common morticing ; and $50 to $60 the plants would nearly meet across the for hub machines, which, in the hands of an experienced man, will mortice 14 to 16 rows, and I have had them frequently meet setts of common carriage or wagon hubs per day. in England.

25-31*

6l*

From the May No. of the New York Farmer.

CASHMERE Goats. We were invited, Will be published, in a few days, Nicholson's Treatise on Architecture.a few days since, by Mr. J. DONALDSON, Also, PAMBOUR on Locomotive Engines on Railroads.

JAMES RIVER

AND

of

ture.

do

do

do

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.

FRAME BRIDGES.

MILL-DAM FOUNDRY.
The subscriber would respectfully inform the pub.
KANAWHA CANAL.

TO BE SOLD OR LEASED the above PROPOSALS will be received at the Onice of the lic and particularly Railroad and Bridge Corpura: well known establishment, situuted one mile James River and Kanawha Company, in the City of rightowhers w build, on Col. Long's Pat nt, through froin Boston. The improvements consist of, Richmond, from the 15th to the 23rd day of August, out the United States, with few exceptions. The ful No. 1. Boiler House, 50 feet by 30 feet, for the construction of all the Excavaton, Emhank lowing sub-Agents have ben engag d by the under containing all the necessary machinery for ment and Walling noi now under contract, together signed who will also attend to this business, viz. with nearly allihe Culveris and the greater portion

making boilers tor Locomotive and other Llorace<hilus,

lienniker, N. 11. the Locks between Lynchburg and Maiu ns. Adven.

Alexander VcArihur, Viuni Morsis, N. Y. steam Eniors.
John Mahan,

do

do No. 2. Blacksmith's Shop, 50 feet by 20, The work now advertised embraces the twenty

Thomas H. Cushing, Dover, N. 11.

fitted with cranes for heavy work. miles between Columbia and the head of Maid na'

Tra Blake,

Wiskefield, N. II. Adventure Pond, the eight miles between Sven ls.

No. 3. Locomlive House, 54 feet by 25, land Falls and Sioilsvlie, and about twenty isulated

Amos Whit more, fsq., Hancocki, N. H.
Samuel Terrick,
Springfield, Vermont.

used for putting together Locomotive En. sections, reserved at ihe former leuting, belween

Simeon Herrick,

do

do gines. Several of the best Engines in use Scottsville and Lynchburg.

Capt. Isaac Lamon, Northampton, Mass. in the United States have been put in this The quantity of masonry offered is very great

Lyman Kingsly,

do

establishment. consisting of about two hundrd Culverts of from three

Elijah Halbert,

Waterloo, N. Y. to thirty leet span; nine Aqueducts, thiriy-five Locks

No. 4. A three story brick building, cov. Joseph Hebard,

Dunkirk, N. Y. a number of Wastes, with several turin and road

Col. Sherman Peck, Hudson, Olio. ered with slate, 120 feet by 46, containing Bridges.

Andrew E. Turnbull, Lower Sandusky, Ohio. two water-wheels, equal to 40 horse power; General plans and specifications of all the work,

William J. Turnbull,

de

Machine Shop, filled with lathes, &0.; Pat and special plans of the most important Culverts and

Sabried Dodge, Esq., (Civil Engineer, Ohio. Aqueducts, will be found at the offices of the several

Booz M. Atherton, Esq. New-l'hiladelphia,Ohio.

tern Shop; Rolling Mill and Furnaces, caPrincipal Assistant Enginers on the line of the Canal.

Stephen Daniels,

Marieita, Ohio pable of rolling 4 tons of iron per diem, exThe work will be prepared for examination by the

Jolin Rodgers,

Louisville, Kentucky. clusive of other work; three Trip Ham. 25th July; but mechanics, well recommended, desir

J'hn Tililson,

St. Francisville, Lous’a. mers, one of wbich is very large; engine for ous of immediate employment, can obtain contracts

Capt John Bottom, Tona wanda, Penn for the construction of a number of Culverts at private

blowing Cupola Furnaces, moved by water

Nehemiah Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. leuing.

Bridges on the above plan are to be seen at the ful wheel; one very superior 12 horse Steam Persons offering to contract, who are unknown to the subseriber, or any of the Assistant Engineers, will localities, i2. On the main road leading from Engine, which could be dispensed with;

Baltimore to Washington, two miles from the frmer and a variety of other machinery. be expected to accompany their proposals by the usual

place. Across the Metawaukeag river on :he Milicertificates of characier and ability. lary road, in Waine. Onth National road in Illinois, with a superior air Furnace, and two Cupo.

No. 5. An Iron Foundry, 80 feet by 45,
CHIARLES ELLET, Jr.,
Chief Engineer of the Jam's River

na Rrailroad at three points. On the Hudson and las, Core oven, Cranes, &c. fitted for the and Kanawha Company | Puiterson Railroad, in two places. On the Boston and largest work. Attached to the Foundry is Nore.--The Dams, Guard-Locks, must of the

Worcester Raiload, at several poinis. On the Bus a large ware.house, containing Patterns for Bridges, and a nuinber of Locks and Culverts, are reserved for a future letting. Persons visiting the line the Contocook river at Haricock, N. H.

ton and Providence Railroad, at sundry points. Across the Castings of Hydraulic Presses, Loco.

Across the for the purpose of ubiaimng work, would do well to Connecticut river at Haverl.ill, N. I. Across the

motive and other Steam Engines, Lead Mill call at the office of the Company in the city of Rich

Contoocouh river, at Henniher, N. II. Across the Rolls, Geering, Shafis, Sioves, Grates, &c. mond, where any information which they may desire Soubegan river, at Milto:d, N. H Across the ken. These were made of the most durable ma. will be cheerfully communicated. The valley of James River, between Lynchburg Across the Genesse river, at Mount Morris, New- tific and practical Engineer, and are supuebec river, at Waterville, in the stata of Maine.

terials, under the direction of a very scienand Richmond, is healthy. (20—la 19) C E. Jr. RAILWAY TRON.

The undersigned is abnue to fix his residence in posed to be of great value. 95 tons of 1 inch był inch. Flat Bars in lengibs Rochester, Monroe country, New-York, where he No. 6. A building, 65 feet by 36, containing 200 do li do $ do of 14 10 15 feet, counter will promptly attend to orders in this line of business a large stack of chimneys, and furnaces, for

40 do 1% do #do sunk hules, ends cut ai jo any practicable extent in the United States, Nary-making Cast Steel. This building has 800 do 2 do

MOSES LONG. an angle of 45 degrers, land excepted.

been used as a boardin :-house, and can 800 do 24 de do

General Agent of Col. S. II Long. with splicing plates and soon expected. nails tu suit.

Rochester, May 22d, 1836.

19y-tf.

acrommodate a large number of min. 250 dv. of Edge Rails of 36 lbs. per yard, with the PATENT RAILROAD, SHIP AND

No, 7. A range of buildings, 200 feet long by requisite chairs, keys, and pins.

30), containing counting room, several store

BOAT SPIKES. Wrought Iron Rinis of 30, 33, and 36 inches diam

rooms, a Brass Foundry, room for cleaning eter for Wheels of Railwav Cars, and of 60 inches * The Troy Iron and Nail Factory keeps condiameter for Locomotive Wheels.

stantly for sale a very ext-nsive assortment of Wrought| castings, a large loti for storing patterns, Axles of 24, 21, 21, 3, 34, 34, and 34 inches in di-Spikes and Nails, from 3 to 10 inches, manufactured siable for two horses, &c. &c. ameter, for Railway Cars and Locomotives, of palent by the subscriber's Patent Machinery, which after The above establishment being on tide iron.

five years successful operation, and now almost uni- water, presents greater advantages for some The above will be sold free of dury, to State Gov-versal use in the United States, (as well as England, kinds of business than any other in the ernments and Incorporated Governments, and the wh-re the subscriber obtained a palert,) are found United States. Coal and Iron can be carried drawback laken in part payment.

superior to any ever offered in market. A. & G. RALSTON, Railroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes from vessels in the limbors of Boston, to the

9 South Front street, Philadelphia. having countersink heads suitable to the holes in iron wharf in front of the Factory, at 25 to 30 Models and samples of all the different kinds of rails, to any amount and on short notice. Almost all cents per ton. Some of the largest jobs of Rails, Chairs, Pins, Wedgrs, Spikes, and Spliceng the Railroads now in progress in the United States are iron work have been completed at ihis es. Plates, in use both in this country and Great Britain, tastened with Spikes made at the above named facwill be exhibited to those olisposed to examine them. tory--for which purpose they are found invaluable, tablishment; among others, the great chain 4-d7 Imeowr

as their adhesion is more than duuble any common and litt pumps for freeing the Dry Dock at RAILROAD CAR WHEELS AND spikes made by the hammer.

the Navy Yard, Charleston.

** All orders dir cled w the Agent, Troy, N. Y., BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD will be punctually attended 10.

The situation for Railroad work is excel. TIENRY BORDEN, Agent.

lent, being in the angle formed by the crossCASTINGS. Troy, N. Y., July, 1831.

ing of the Providence and Worcester Rail. Also, AXLES furnished and fitted to u heels com plete at the Jefferson Coston and Wool Machine Facil & j. Townsynd, Albing, and the principal Iron Ner: running on the latter road, and the “ Bos

Spikes are k pt for sale, al factory prices, by 1.|| roads. The Locomotive “Yankee,” now tory and Foundry, Paterson, N. J. All orders ad dressed tw the subscribers at Paterson, or 60 Wall Street, New-York; A. M. Jones, Philadelphia; T. ton," purchased by the State of Pennsylstreet, New York, will be promptly altended tv.

Janviers, Baltimore ; Degrand & Smith, Boston. vania, were built at these works. With the Also, CAR SPRINGS.

P. S.- Railroad Companies would do well to for- Patterns and Machinery now n the premi. Also, Flange Tires, turned complete. 18 ROGERS, KETCHUM & GROSVENOR.

ward their ord rs as early as pructicable, as the sub ses, 20 Locomotives, and as many tenders,

scriber is desir: us or extending the manufacturing so STEPHENSON,

as to krep pace with the daily increasing demand for besides a great quantity of cars and wagons,

his Spikes. (1123aın) H. BURDEN. could be made per annum. Builder of a superior style of Passenger

For termis, apply 10
Cars for Railroads.
AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS,

THOS.J. ECKLEY, Boston,
No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street,

SPADES, &c.

or to ROBERT RALSTON, Jr. Phila. New-York. 300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Shovels

j25-40 RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to exa

Boston, April 21, 1835. 150 do do do plain

do mine these Cars; a specimen of which may be seen

do do caststeel Shovels & Spades W THE NEWCASTLE MANUFACTURING on that part of the New York and Harlaem Railroad 150 do do Gold-mining Shovels

COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delaware, now in operation J2311 100 do do plated Spades

with a capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared to es. 50 do do socket Shovels and Spades.

ecute in the tirst style and on liberal trms, at their ALBANY EAGLE AIR FURNACE AND

Together with Pick Axes, Churu Drills and Crow extensive Finishing Shops and Foundries fur Brass and MACHINE SHOP.

Bars (steel pointed.) mannfacturid from Salisbury re- || iron, situa'ed in the town of Newcastle, Delaware, all WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to order. || tined iron--for sale by the manufacturing agents, orders foi LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam Engines, IRON CASTINGS for Gearing Mills and Factories o

WITHERELL, AMES & CO. and for CASTINGS of every description in Brass or every description.

No. 2 Liberty street, New-York. || Iron RAILROAD WORK of all kinds finished in ALSO—Steam Engines and Railroad Castings o

BACKUS, AMES & CO.

the best manner, and at the shortest notice. every description.

No. 8 State street, Albany Orders to be addressed to
The collection of Patterns for Machinery, is no
N. B.-Also furnished to order, Shapes of every de-

Mk. EDWARD A. G. YOUNG,
equalled in the United States.
9-ly scrption, made from Salisbury refined Iron. 4-ytf feb 20-yti

Superintendent, Newcastle, Del.

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AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL, AND ADVOCATE OF INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS,

Tra E

Jorde

PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT NO. 132 NASSAU STREET, NEW-YORK, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

D. K MINOR, and
GEORGE C. SCHAEFFER,

EDITORS AND
PRORIETOR:.]

SATURDAY, JULY 16, 1836, .

ŞVOLUME V.—No. 28

441

CONTENTS:

E. V. Patent Chain Cable Bolts for Railway Cargine started immediately at the base, with,
Editorial Notices..

433 axles, in lengths of 12 feet 6 inches, to 13 feet 21, 2}
Clinton,-No. Y.....
1313, 34, 35, 37, and 3: inches diameter.

ortil running start, and dragged up said

Chains for Inclined Plaries, short and stny links, I load of 19,200 lbs. the above distance of Railroad Nutice-Foreign Railroad liems-Rail

435 | manufactured from the E. V.Cable Bolts, and proved || 2800 feet in the space of two minutes and road and Canal In elligence..

at the greatest strain.
Extracks from the Records of the Boston and
Providence Railroad Company-Railroad and

India Rubber Rope for Inclined Planes, made from one second, or at the rate of 141 miles per trade up the Connecticut river...

436 New Zealand fax.

Also Patent Hemp Cordage for Inclined Planes, hour; pressure on the boiler a fraction un. Report of the Directors of the Uuca and Schenectady Railroad Company., 437 and Canal Towing Lines.

der 60 lbs. to the square inch. The EnApplication of Chemisiry to the Useful Arts-con Paient Felt for placing between the iron chair and cluded.. 439 stone block of Edge Railways

gine then descended the Plane with the

Every description of Railway Iron, as well as Lo: same load at various speed, frequently stop-
Ship Canals--Railroad from Morristown to Car-

440 || comotive Engines, imported at ihe shortest notice, by
penter's Point....
Zine in New Jersey - Agriculture, &c.

the agency of one of our partners, who resides in ping to test the security. The valves being
Advertisments.....
447 | England for this purpose.

reversed, or set for going ahead, and when Mr. Solomon W. Roberts, a highly respectable

American Engineer, resides in England for the pur- it was desired to stop altogether, the steam AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. pose of in pecting all Locomotives, Machinery, Rail. was let on very slowly which brought her

way Iron &c. ordered through ns. NEW-YORK, JULY 16, 1836.

A. & G. RALSTON.

to a dead stand for a second or two, when Jy9tf Philadelphia, No. 4, South Front st. shel, would immediately start up the grade, We would call attention to the adver

In this way, stopping and starting at pleauisement of the Messrs. Rals.on of Phila- || LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES ON INCLINED PLANES. sure, the time occupied in descending the delphia, in this number of the Journal, in

BETTER AND BETTER ---It is with great 2300 feet, was from 12 to 15 minutes, thus relation to Railway Iron and Locomotive

pleasure that we lay before our readers, che testing the perfect security of her perforEogines.

following statement of a renuarkable per-mance on the Plane. She again ascended The Messrs. Ralston haye been engaged || fornance, banded to us by Mr. W. Norris the Plane with the same load and took her more than six years in the business, and of Philadelphia. We hope to see some one || lace on the road, the same morning, ready ibave ordered over 100,000 tons of iron fur||take up these facts and reconcile them to for use." State governmenis and companies; and the theories hitherto adopted. their experience in the business, and the re

Meanwhile we will take a trip to the Co.

NEW JERSEY RAILROAD AND TRANSPORsidence of one of theiy, or of a competent unbia Road for the express purpose of

TATION COMPANY. agent, in London, to inspect before ship-|| witnessing a series of experiments upon We owe an apology for not laying before ment, every thing ordered by them, will in. that road with this engine.

our readers the account of the proceedings kure to those companies who purchase of

"The Locomotive Steam Engine" George Jat the opening of this road.
them, or give orders through them, the most Washington” made for the State of Pennsy!-
favorable terms the market will allow.

We were promised a copy of the provania by William Morris of Philadelphia, ceedings; but it was not received, notwith: RAILWAY IRON, LOCOMOTIVES, &c. was placed on the Columbia and Philadel.

THE eybecribers offer the following articles for phia Railroad on Saturday afternoon the standing we delayed the Journal of last Railway Iron, flat bars, with countersunk holes and 9th inst. On the following morning her week one day for it; and as we do not re. mired joints,

powers were tested in ascending the In. ceive the Newark papers, though we have

lbs. 350 tona 24-by 6, 15 ft in length, weighing 4,9 per ft. clined Plane near Philadelphia, This plane for many months sent the Journal to the 280 *

is twenty eight hundred feet in length, with Daily Advertiser, we have now to content 10" 11" t,

21 an ascent in that distance of one hundred ourselves with the following concise notice $0." 17" 1,

1105 and ninety-six feet, or at the rate of 369 feet of the pleasures and performance of the
20.
with Spikes and splicing Plates adapted thereto. "Tol to the mile, or seven feet rise in one hun.

day.
be sold free of duty w State governments or incor.dred feet, or one foot in thirteen. The
porated companies.
Orders for Pennsylvania Boiler Iron executed.
weight of the Engine is 14,930 lbs. only.

The cars with a large company left Jer,
Rait Road Car and Locomotive Engine Tires, The load attached weighed 19,200 lbs. in-| sey City about 9 o'clock on the 7th inst,
the , , 60
yought and turned or unturned, ready to be fitted on ||cluding the weight of 24 persons who were Proceeding over theridge—by the tempora:

on the Tender and Burthen Car. The En- ry road, laid until the proper bed is formed

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3.50
176

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qjameter.

We think that this road reflects great interest and value of your very interesting | leys; and that every district which has the

through the cut-the road crosses the mea:ll On the whole, we think that Mr. Sykes || trade or population, except such as is deridows and reaches Newark. From Newark|deserves much credit, and has earned a ved fronı, and dependent on, the coal trade. a train of thirteen cars was taken in fine reputation, by so far finishing his road, Hence the descending freight, or coal, must style by the “ New Brunswick," a very fine which will not, we are sure, be impaired by

necessarily bear the burden of the returnengine. The train stopped and additional its completion.

ing cars or boats nearly freightless. Not company was taken on board at Elizabeth

so will it be with cars on the New York He is connected with enterprising men,

and Pittston Railroad; for at Pittston the town, and Rahway. The road was passed upon whom merit will not fail to make ihe

Susquehannah River is struck, the Wyo. over in fine style, though no attempt was proper impression.

ming Valley, an:: Lackawana Valley, rich, made at a quick trip.

populous, productive and rapidly advancing, The enthusiasm of the people was great.

For the Railrond Journal.

will be reached. From Pittston the State Vehicles of every description were drawn

CLINTON.-NO. V.

canal is already completed down the river up on the sides of the road, some of them One hundred and six miles, on an air line, to Columbia, and will be soon finished up evidently from a distance—the family seat- from the City Hall 10 the heart of the An-| the river to the State line. A vast extent of ed under the nearest tree decked in their thracite Coal Valley of Luzerne County, country, already rise with business and best—the ladies waiving handkerkchiefs- Pennsylvania! This is the text: this is population, now supplied, imperfectly by

circuitous routes, will require and receive the men ard boys cheering along the whole the text I preach from. Sooner or later it road,

must have its effect in your great city. // by the direct line from New York, fish, Schools were turned out and the grand

Fifty miles nearer 10 New-York than Albá. plaster, salt, sugar, molasses, oil, coffee, mother of eighty years, shook her head ny. Not further from the Park on a straight hides, grindstones, domestic and foreign

line, than Washington Square in Philadel. I goods and merchandize of all sorts, which and raised her hands in astonishment, hard. || phia is, on the route travelled, from the will all bear handsome tolls, and enable the ly believing what her eyes beheld.

coal mines of Schuykill, is it not appa- stockholders and carriers to place the toll The company were most hospitably rent, to a moments reflection, that those and carriage on coal so low, that this neces. entertained at New Brunswick, where a Luzerne coal deposites are so near to New.sary and leading article may be transported. general holiday seemed to be held. The York, and so easily accessible, as to render to your city, at a moderate cost. cars stopped opposite the town on the hill them objects of first rate importance to the Suppose the distance of the Railroad from and the company proceeded by way of the consideration of all who are concerned in Pittaron to New York to be 130 miles, and Old bridge—the new one not yet being the business and prosperity of the city ? This is making a large allowance for deviacompleted-10 the town hall.

Cannot New York, by these mines, enter||tions from the straight line, cars, going Here a very appropriate address was

into fair competition with Philadelphia, in down with coal, at the rate of 11 miles an

the coal trade? And if she can, is not that hour, would, at this season of the year, delivered by the Mayor of New Brunswick, | already great and rapidly growing business, leave at sun-rise, and arrive at New York at which was responded to by Gen. Darcy, worthy of her earnest, prompt and early half past 4 P. M. There would be then president of the company. attention ?

time to load with merchandize, and with A number of toasts evincing the spirit

Before I close, my purpose is to give a

their lighter freight return to Pittston before and good will of the company were given— brief description of the Luzerne Anthracite morning. Shorten the road, as it is believed and all present seemed delighted.

Coal Valley. One or two remarks, how.may easily be done, from its present cir. In the a:ternoon we returned with a sever, press on my mind, and I may as well|cuitous location, 10 miles, and with a speed large company in addition from New | put them down here.

entirely consistent with safety, the trip out Brunswick, and again received hospitable First. In a late number of the Journal it and back may be made in a day. entertainment at Newark. is mentioned that the Darlington and Stock-one of your readers tell us how many days

a boat on the Schuylkill Canal, or Lebi and The value of this road is very generally

ton Railroad, in England was expected, known. A continuation of it will give the when made to transport 50,000 tons of coal. Morris Canal, is usually engaged in making Lo! beyond all expectation, or even hope,

a trip for coal? I am fully persuaded that, in shortest and best route for general travel to Philadelphia.

during the past year there have been trans- a very few years,the coal trade from the Lu.

ported on it near 500,000 tons : So it is ://zerne mines to New York, will be one of Amicable arrangements have been made So, too, on all the canals and Railways in the most extensive and lucrative branches we understand with the Camden and England, leading to coal mines, the busi. of business carried on by your enterprising Amboy Company, and we may soon have ness in coal has very greatly surpassed the city. And this consideration should be a choice of routes offering every conven- | most excited expectation : So, 100, would borne in mind by capitalists disposed to inoe for travel and transportation of goods it be here, were the proposed railroad fairly make investments in lands in Luzerne ; and passengers bstween the two cities. in operation.

namely, that the balance of trade will nalur.

I wish, Mr. Editor, you would add to the ally be large in favor of the Anthracite Val. credit upon Mr. Sykes its engineer.

Journal, monthly, or once in three months, balance of trade in its favor, consequently His rail is a very good one, and some of prices current of railroad and canal stocks, grows rich, and therefore that all property his contrivances in the mechanical details in our own country and in Great Britain.

therein goes on steadily appreciating. of the work are of such importance as to

Second. In a note to my former number I have stated the suppositions that the merit a separate and more extended notice. Il you mentioned the probable price, per ton, Railroad might be 130 miles: if so, and the

We think that some short curves, and at which coal could be taken from Pittston toll be fixed at l cent a ton per mile, 81,30 arms of double curvature, might in some

to New York. In my opinion that price Transportation 2 cents a ton per mile, 2,60 instances have been avoided. A few hun.

was much to high, tor, you must consider,
that the return cars would all go back load.

$3,90 dred dollars additional expense in excava-|| ed. I pray you to remember, that, from

Then the actual cost of taking coal to tion are not too much to pay for a direct | Philadelphia to Mauch Chunk, and from New York from Pittston would be three road. These curves, however, may have Philadelphia to Schuylkill, the boats have dollars and ninety cents.

Add 40 cents for been dictated by circumstances of proprie- || to return nearly empty, because they go in. | raising and 50 cents for its value per ton in ty, of which we are not aware.

to, a barren, uninhabited region, without the mine and you have $4,80. On canals

Can any

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