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It should be raised from the seed in the foolscap writing-paper, and hold it close to HUDSON & BERKSHIRE RAILROADS manner I have described. If transplanted, the fire until all its bygrometic moisture is

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. its tap-roots will never grow, and the qual-||dissipated, but not so as to scorch it; in

SEALED PROPOSALS will be received ity of the wood is much impaired. Besides, this state it is one of the finest electrics by the Hudsou & Berkshire Railroad Comit will be more apt to be blown down, being we have. Hold one end down on a table supported only by lateral roots, these tak- with the finger and thumb, and give it until the 20th day of July, for excavating

pany, at their office in the city of Hudson, ing their sole pabulum from the rich loam about a dozen strokes with a large piece of, and embanking 16 miles of their road from on the surface, and giving to the wood a India-rubber from the left to the right, be. Chatham 4 Corners to the city of Hudson. soft spongy texture.

ginning at the top. Now take it up by Also 2 bridges of 50 and 70 feet span. Prc. As an article for fence posis, I can safely iwo of the corners and bring it over the tiles of the route will be exhibited at the recommend it as one of the cheapest and tray, and it will fall down on it like a Railroad office in the city of Hudson, dividmost durable. In this latter quality it ap- stone; if one finger be now brought under led into sections of half a mile and one mile proximates more nearly to cedar than any the tray, a sensible shock will be felt, Now each, for examination, hy the 1st of July wood I know. It may be planted where the lay a needle on the tray with its point pro- | next. Proposals will also be received for fence is intended to be run, and your rails jecting outwards, remove the paper, and a furnishing 300,000 feet of white pine, chestmay be nailed to the body of the tree. The star sign of the negative electricity will be nut, or white hemlock sills, 5 by 8 and 16 superfluous branches will afford an excel- seen; return the paper, and the positive feet long; and 10,000 chestnut ties, 8 feet lent fire-wood.

brush will appear, In facı, it forms a very long and 6 inches square. The foilage of this tree affords a whole- | good extemporaneous electrophorus, which Persons applying for contracts will be exsome provender for cattle. Horses, cows, will give a spark an inch long, and strong)pected, unless personally known to the comhogs, sheep, &c. will eat the leaves greed. I enough to set fire 10 some combustible

pany or engineer, to present with their proily. When dried and mixed with hay, 1 bodies, and to exhibit all ibe electric phe-posals, recommendations as to their ability know of no better medicine for cattle of nomena nou requiring coated surfaces. Ilio perform their contracts. every kind. Such are the vermifugous four beaker-glasses are placed on the floor, GEORGE RICH, Chief Engineer. qualities of the entire tree, that I never fail and a book Taid on them, a person may Hudson, June 25, 1836. 25--0020 to give it to my animals every spring: A stand on them insulated ; if he then holds few leaves given to horses once or twice a the tray vertically, the paper will adhere NOTICE OF THE NEW-YORK AND week, will afford them a most beautiful coal strongly to it, and sparks may be drawn ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY. of hair. A decoction of its root adminis. | from any part of his body, or he may draw tered in small doses to children every morn-sparks from any other person, as the casement of 26th April, in consequence of their inability

THE Company hereby withdraw their Advertisoing for nine days, will effectually destroy | may be; or he may set fire to some inflam- to prepare in time, the portions of the line proposed to worms in them.

mable bodies by touching them with a piece be let on the 30th June, at Binghampton, and on the A correspondent of yours has already of ice.

Tlth of July at Monticello. Future notice shall be testified as to the excellence of Pride of In.

given, when proposals will be received at the above

I beg to remain, dia leaves and berries as a manure; and

places, for the same portions of the road. Yours, &c.

JAMES G. KING, President. also as a preventive to bugs. To his testi

G. Dakin.

21-tf niony, I can safely add my own. I have

Oxford, March 20, 1836. tried both experiments, and have experiWe suppose that every one having occa.

ARCHIMEDES WORKS. enced the most beneficial results.

(100 North Moor street, N. Y.) With every wish for your success, Mr.sion to clean paper with Indian-rubber durEditor, I subscribe myself ing the past winter, has noticed the re

New-York, February 12th, 1836. COLBERT. markable force with which the paper ad-tors of Railroads that they are prepared to furnish all

THE undersigned begs leave lo inform the proprieheres to the table.

kinds of Machinery for Railroads, Locomotive Engines From the Genesee Farmer.

of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in success

ful operation on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, WHO WILL NOT PLANT A LOCUST TREE ?

none of which have failed-Castings of all kinds,

Agriculture aided by science, will make Wheels, Axles, and Buxes, furnished at shortest notice. A Mr. Hale of Westhampton, (Mass.) ob. a little nation a great one.

H. R. DUNHAM & CO. tained last year for thirteen locust trees, de

4ytf livered at the river in West Springfield, 50

All the energy of the hero, and all the science of the philosopher, may

find cents per cubic foot including all the limbs,

scope

TO CONTRACTORS. except those quite small. The trees mea-l in the cultivation of one farm.

PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the sured 306 feet, and amounted to 153 dol.

Fastern Railroad Company, Boston, between the lars; thus producing 153 dollars for less

23th and 30th inst., for the grading and masonry of than two and a half cords of wood. Let us

STEPHENSON,

said Road from East Bosion to Newburyport, a dismake this fact the basis of a little calcula. tion. The locust will thrive abundantly on Builder of a superior style of Passenger passing threugh Lynn, Salem, Beverly, and Ipswich

The , favorable soils when planted a rod apart, or

Cars for Railroads.

which places will afford contractors every facility for one hundred and sixty on an acre. Mr.

No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street,

obtaining provisions, &c. Plans and Profiles will be Hale's trees averaged him $11,72 a tree,

New-York.

read: , and may be seen at the Office, after the 220

instant. which for an acre of trees of the same size

RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to exa Satisfactory recommendations must accompany tho would bring one thousand eight bundred mine these Cars; a specimen of which may be seen proposals of those who are umknown to the Engineer. and seventy-five dollars twenty cents. It on that part of the New-York and Harlaem Railroad

JOHN M. FESSENDEN, Engineer. has been estimated that six locust trees of now in operation.

J25lt

22—130j twelve years growth will produce a cord of wood, and in many instances they have far The Subscriber is authorised to sell Page's Morticing Machines, to be used in exceeded it; but to be on the safe side, we will take six and a half and let them grow any of the Western, Southern, or Middle States, (except New Jersey,) and also to sell eighteen years instead of twelve, and then Rights for Towns, Counties, or States, in the same region, including New-York. the avails of the acre will exceed one hun.

Machines will be furnished complete, ready to work, and at a liberal discount to those dred dollars a year for the eighteen years. If this is not a handsome profit we know who purchase territory, or machines to sell again. not what is; and there is this additional Applications may be made by letter, post paid, or personally, to circumstance attending it; locust timber

D. K. MINOR, Agent for Proprietor, will not fall in price, as the demand, from the nature of the case, inust continually in

132 Nassau street, New-York. crease. Then plant the locust by the way. side, fill up the vacancies in your wood.

Terms of single machines, $30 to $35, for common morticing; and $50 to $60 lands with it—remembering that every one for hub machines, which, in the hands of an experienced man, will mortice 14 to 16 that grows, puts in your pocket 100 per setts of common carriage or wagon hubs per day. cent per annum.

G.

tance of 337 miles

ELECTRICAL SHOCK FROM A SHEET OF PAPER.
Place an iron japanned tea tray on a dry,

Will be published, in a few days, Nicholson's Treatise on Architecture, clean beaker-glass, then take a sheet of Also, Pambour on Locomotive Engines on Railroads.

ture,

do

do

de

FLAT Bars in lengths where the subscriber obtained a patent,) are found || United States. Coal and Iron can be carried

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.

FRAME BRIDGES.

MILL-DAM FOUNDRY. JAMES RIVER

AND

KANAWHA CANAL The subscriber would respectfully inform the pub WILL be sold at public anction, (unless PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the lic, and particularly Railroad and Bridge Corpora- previously disposed of at private sale,) James River and Kanawha Conspany, in the City of ta.ions that he will build Fraine B.idges, or vend the the above well known establishment, situaRichmond, from the 15th to the 23rd day of August, right to others w build, on Col. Long's Patont, through. Ited one mile from Boston. The improvefor the construction of all the Excavalion, Embank-lont the United States, with few exceptions. The folment and Walling voi now under contraci, together lowing snb Agents have bien engag d by the 'under- mente consist of with nearly all the Culverts and the greater portion of signed who will also attend to this business, viz. No. 1. Builer House, 50 feet by 30 feet, the Lucks between Lynchburg and Maidens' Adven

Ilorace i hild.,
llenker, S. 11.

containing all the necessary machinry for

Alexander Mc Arthur, Mount Morris, N. Y. The work now advertised embraces the twenty

John Mahan,

do

inaking boilers for Licomotive and other miles between Columbia and the had or Maid na 'l hos Il. Cushing, Dover, NH.

Steam Engines. Adventure Pond, the eight mies btween St ven is. Ira Blake,

Wikeriell, N. II.

No. 2. Blinele nith's Shop, 50 feet by 20, land Falls and Scottsville, and about twenty isulated Amos Whit more, Fsq., Hancock, N. li. titted with cianes for heavy work. secuons, reserved at the former leiting, between Samuel Herrick,

Springfield, Vermont. Scottsville and Lynchburg.

Simeon Ilerick,

No. 3. Locomotive House, 51 feet by 25,

do The quantity of masonry offered is very greai Capt. Isaac Damon, Northainpton, Mass. used for putting together Loconiorive En. consisting of about wo hundr d Culverts of from three Lyman kinysly,

do

do sincs. Several of the best Engines in use to thirty feet span; nine Aqueducts, thirty-five Locks Elyunllalberi,

Waterloo, N. Y. in the Cuited States have been put in this a number of Wastes, with several farm and road Joseph IIrbard,

Dunhirli, V. Y.

establishment. Bridges.

Col. Sherman Peck, Hudson, Ohio. General plans and specifications of all the work, Andrew E. Turnbull, Lower Sandusky, Ohio.

No. 4. A three story brick building, frovand special plans of the most important Culverts and William J. Turnbull,

do ered with slate, 120 teet by 46, containing Aqueducts, will be found at the ofiices of the several Sabried Dodge, Esq., (Civil Enginier,) Ohio. two water-wheels, equal to 40 horse power; Principal Assistant Engineers on the line of the Canal. Buoz VI. Atherton, Esq. New-l'hiladelphia, Ohio. Machine Shop, filled with lathes, &e; Pat The work will be prepared for examination by the Stephen Daniels,

Maric:ta, Ohio 25th Julyt; but mechanics, well recommended, des's. John Rodgers,

Louisville, Kentucky.

tern Shop; Rolling Mill and Furnaces, caous of immediate employment, can obtain conisacts John Tuilson,

St. Francisville, Lous'a. pable of rolling 4 ions of iron per diem, er: for the construction of a number of Culveris at private Capt. John Boliom, Tona wanda, Penn. clusive of other work ; three Trip Ham. leuing.

Nehemiah Osborn, Rochester, N. Y. Persons offering to contract, who are unknown to Bridges on the above plan are to be seen at the rul-limers, one of which is very large; engine for the subscriber, or any of the Assistant Engineers, will lowing localities, viz. On the main road leading from blowing Cupola Furnaces, moved by water. be expected to accompany their proposals by the usual Baltimore 10 Washington, two miles from the former wheel; one very superior 12 horse Steam 'certificates of characier and ability.

place. Across the Merawankeng river on the Mali-Engine, which could be dispensed with; CHARLES ELLET, Jr., tary road, in Maine. On the National road in illinois, and a variety of other machinery. Chief Engineer of the James River at sundry points. On the Baltimore and Susquehan

No. 5. Au Iron Foundry, to feet by 45, and Kanawlia Company. na Rrailroad it three points. On the Hudson and Note.---The Dains, Guard-Locks, most of the Patterson Railroad, in tivo places. On the Boston and vith a superior air Furnace, and two Cupo. Bridges, and a nuluber of Locks and Culverts, are Worcester Railroad, at several points. On the Bos-las, Core oven, Cranes, &c. fittrd for ine reserved for a future letting. Persons sisiting the line ton and Providence Railroad, at sundry points. Across Tárgest work. Attached to the Foundry is for the purpose of ublaiming work, would do well to the Conivcook river at Hancocli, N. H. Across the

a large warehouse, containing Patterns for call at the office of the Company in the ciiy of Rich Connecticut river at Haverl.ill, N II. Across the

the Castings of Hydraulic Presses, Locomond, where any information which they may desire Conwocooh river, at Henniker, N. H. Across the will be cheerfully cominunicated.

Souhegan river, at Milford, N. HI Across the Kenmotive and other Steam Engines, Lead Mill The valley of James River, between Lynchburg nebec river, at Waterville, in the state of Maine. Rolls, Geering, Shafis, Sioves, Grates, &c. and Richmond, is healthy. (20-ta18) C. E. Jr. Across the Genesse river, at Mount Morris, New- These were irade of the most durable ma. AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS,

York, and several other bridges are now in progress. Iterials, under the direction of a very scien

The undersigned is about to fix his residence in
SPADES, &c.

Rochester, Monroe country, New-York, where he tific and practical Engineer, and are sup300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Shovels will promptly attend to orders in this line of business posed to be of great value. -150 do do do plain

do

to any practicable extent in the United States, Mary No.6. A building, 65 feet by 36, containing 150 do do do caststrel Shovels & Spades land excepted.

MOSES LONG,

a large stack of chimneys, and furnaces, for 150 do do Gold-mining Shovels

General Agent of Col. S. II Long. -100 do do plated Spades

Rochester, May 220, 1326.

19y-tf.

making Cast Steel. This building is at do socket Shovels and Spades.

present used as a boarding-house, and can Together with Pick Axes, Charn Drills, and Crow

accommodate a large number of men. Bars (steel pointed,) mannfactured from Salisbury rePATENT RAILROAD, SHIP AND

No, 7. A range of buildings, 200 feet long by fined iron- for sale by the manufacturing ag nts,

BOAT SPIKES.

36, containing counting room, several store WITHERELL, AMES & CO. No. 2 Liberty street, New York, * The Troy Iron and Nail Factory keeps con

rooms, a Brass Foundry, room for cleaning BACKUS, AMES & Co.

stantly for sale a very extinsive a surument of Wrougli castings, a large lott for storing patterns, No. 8 State street, Albany. Spikes and Nails, from 3 to 10 inches, manufactura siable for two horses, &c. &c. N. B.-Also furnished to order, Shapes of every de- by the subscriber's Paient Machinery, which aiter The above establishment being on tide serption, made from Salisbury refined Iron 4-ytf five years successful operation, and now almost uni- water, presents greater advantages for some RAILWAY IRON.

versal use in the United States (as well as England, kinds or business than any other in the 95 tons of 1 inch był inch. 200 do li do do of 14 10 15 ferit, counter superior to any ever offered in market. 40 do li do #do

,

Railroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes from vessels in the harbors of Boston, to the 800 do 2 do do an angle of 45 degrees having countersik heads suitable t the holes in iron wharf in front of the Factory, at 25 to 30

Almost all 800 do 23 d.) A do with splicing plates and rails, to any amount and on short notice.

cents per ton. Some of the largest jobs of soon expected. nails tu suit.

the Railroads now in progress in the United States ara 250 dv. of Edge Rails of 36 lbs. per yard, with the fastenedl with Spikes made at the above named fac- iron work have been completed at this es. requisite chairs, keys, and pins.

tory--for which purpose they are found invaluable, tablishment; among others, the great chain Wrought Iron Rims of 30, 33, and 36 inches diam- as their adhesion is more than double any common and litt pumps for freeing the Dry Dock at eter for Wheels of Railwav Cars, and of 60 inches spikes made by thr hammer.

the Navy Yard, Charleston. diameter for Locomotive Wheels. ** All orders directed to the Agent, Troy, N. Y.,

The situation for Railroad work is excel. Axles of 24, 27, 27, 3, 34, 31, and 31 inches in di-| will be punctually attended to.

HENRY BURDEN, Agent. lent, being in the angle formed by the crossameter, for Railway Cars and Locomotives, of parent iron.

Troy, N. Y., July, 1831.

ing of the Providence and Worcester RailThe above will be sold free of duiy, lo State Gov. Spikes are kúpt for sale, at factory prices, hy I. || roads. The Locomotive “Yankee,” now ernments and Incorporated Governinents, and the & J. Townsend, Albans, and the principal Iron Ver- running on the latter road, and the Jonadrawback taken in part paymeni.

chants in Albany and Troy : J.1. Brows; 2. Water than," purchased by the State of PennsylA & G. RALSTON, street, New York; A. M. Jones, Philadelphia; T. 9 South Front street, Philadelphia. Janviers, Ballimore ; Degrand & Sipith, Boston,

vania, were built at these works. With the Models and samples of all the different kinds of P. S:- Railroad Companies would do w-)| 10 for- Patterns and Machinery now n the premiRails, Chairs, Pins, Wedges, Spikes, and splicing ward their orders as early as practicable, as the sub ses, 12 Locomotives, and as many tenders, Plates, in use buil in this country and Great Britain, scribir is desirous of extending the manufacturing so besides a great quantity of cars and wagons, will be exhibited to those disposed to examine them.

as to krep pace with the daily increasing demand for 4-47 Imeowr his Spikes.

could be made per annum. 13:23ain

H. BURDEN.

For terms, apply to THE NEWCASTLE MANUFACTURING

THOS.J. ECKLEY,Treas. &c.'Boston, COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delaware, RAILROAD CAR WHEELS AND

or to ROBERT RALSTON, Jr. Phila. with a capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared to exe ecute in the first style and on liberal terms, at their BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD Boston, April 21, 1835. j25—41 extensive Finishing Shops and Foundries for Brass and

CASTINGS. Iron, situated in the town of Newenstle, Delaware, all

ALBANY EAGLE AIR FURNACE AND orders foi LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam Engines. Also, AXLES finished and fitted to wheels com

MACHINE SHOP. and for CASTINGS of every description in Brass or plete at the Jefferson Cotton and Wool Machine fac WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to order, Iron RAILROAD WORK of all kinds finished intory and Foundry, Paterson, N. J. All orders ad IRON CASTINGS for Gearing Mills and Factories of the best manner, and at the shortest notice.

dressed to the subscribers ai Paterson, or 60 Wall | every description. Orders to be addressed to

street, New-York, will be promptly attended to. ALSO—Sieam Engines and Railroad Castings of MR. EDWARD A. G. YOUNG, Also, CAR SPRINGS,

every description. Superintendent, Newcastle, Delaware. Also, Flange Tires, turned complete.

The collection of Patterns for Machinery, is Dot feb 20-yıf J8 ROGERS, KETCHUM & GROSVENOR. equalled a the United States.

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AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL, AND ADVOCATE OF INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT NO. 132 NASSAU STREET, NEW-YORK, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

D. K MINOR, and
GEORGE C. SCHAEFFER,

EDITORS AND
PRORIETORS.)

SATURDAY, JULY 9, 1836.

(VOLUME V-No. 27.

424
425
4:27
430
431

ENGINE.

CONTENTS :

ranteed to them on the part of Mr. MINOR NEW YORK AND ALBANY RAILROAD. Editorial Notices; N. York and Erie Rallroad.. 417|— while he hopes by his own endeavors to Locomotion on Inclined Planes ; Bal imore and

The books of this important work, we Ohio Railroad baperiment. 413 | add to their usefulness, his connexion with

are informed, will soon be opened. Its N. 1. and Binghampwn Railroad ; Teazles,&c.420-21 them for the last six months baving already || friends have had a topographical examina. Report on the use of the Hut Air Blast.

422 introduced him to the routine of business. Effects of drawing, rolling, &c. of the Motal.

tion of the route, made the last month by

His family circumstances being such as Mr. J. D. Allen, an engineer of talents, and Account of an Aurora Borealis. . Application of Chemistry to the Useful Arts, to forbid the pursuit of the profession out favorably known to the public on the CheAgriculture, &c... Advertisements..

of the city, will not prevent bim from con- | nango canal, and several inportant works

unuing his favorite studies to the interest constructed by this State. AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. and benefit of others.

We understand there are several highly faNEW-YORK, JULY 9, 1836.

Should he succeed his most earnest de- vorable routes : 40 miles, on a very direct sires will be gratified.

line, may be graded to nearly a perfect level, NEW ARRANGEMENT.-T take pleasure in

GEORGE C. SCHAEFFER.

and at a very moderate expense, from the announcing to the readers of my periodicals July 1st, 1836.

abundance of the requisite materials to con. ibai I have taken as a partner, in the busi.

struct the road. The line of the Road, on ness pertaining to them, Mr. George C.

any of the routes, will not exceed the disSCHAEFFER, a gentleman of education and a practical engineer.

A powerful fire engine has recently been tance now traversed by the sieamboats from Mr. Schaeffer will hereafter have the prin || Chandler, of St. Lawrence county. exhibited in this city, by Mr. Thomas A. this city to Albany, (160 miles.) A locomo.

tive will diminish the distance one-third in cipal charge of the editorial department of the Journal and Mechanics' Magazine-in

The peculiarities of this engine are, that it time, and if requisite, to 6 or 7 hours, with the discharge of which duties he has furbas four pumps or pistons, and iwo brakes, perfect safety to the passengers. Boston several months past taken an active part-which may be worked together, or one at al will be placed within 12 lours of us.

The country through which the line will and, as we have reason to believe, much line, as may be convenient. The piston 10 the satisfaction of our readers and pa. I rods are worked by rack and pinions, and probably pass, (which generally does not

against frietion rollers, instead of with exceed 25 miles from the Hudson,) may be trons.

compared with the rich valley of the Mo. With our united efforts we hope to render || chains, as in the ordinary engine. the periodicals worthy of a more extensive

Mr. Chandler's Engine has been tried hawk, and with equal facilities for the con

twice in this city—first in Broadway, oppo-struction of a Railroad, without stationary circulation.

D. K. MINOR.

site the City Hall, next in the corporation power and on a very direct line.
yard.

It is most singular that this road, so im. New York, July 2nd, 1830.

The first t:ial was made without any ar. || portant to our citizens and state, has not The undersigned has the pleasure of an:| rangement to man it, and therefore was earlier claimed their attention. It will connouncing to his friends and to the readers worked by boys and such as were disposed nect us with the rich agricultural and man. of ihe Rail-Road Journal and Mechanics' || to take hold of it; and from this and other usacluring districts of New England, and Magazine, that he has become joint proprie-||causes, it did not work satisfactorily to its the counties of Westchester, Putnam,Dutchtor and editor with Mr. D. K. Minor, who owner, who found, on taking it apart, that|ess, &c.; Albany and Troy at all seasons has conducted these journals since their la quantity of gravel had, by some means, got of the year; and with the Northern line of commencement.

into the machine, which probably prevented Railroads now constructing, by Utica, to In making ihis announcement the under-1 it from having a fair tral.

Buffalo, on the Wesl. On the East, it is signed begs leave to waive the formality of At the second trial, water was thrown 75 || proposed 10 run branches (allowed by the making the usual protestations and claims feet high with twelve men, and through 104 amended charter) to several points in Conto favor further than to state that the perse-| feet of hose, 122 feet beyond the pipe, with necticut, and also to connect with the great verance and zeal with which these journals || 16 men. In both instances a 1 inch stream Boston Western Railroad, at Stockbridge, have beretofore been conducted are gua. was thrown at the latter trial.

the centre of our best iron and marble dis.

tricts. These valuable productions of na-||do not desire personalities to be bandied in that iny statements in the West Philadelphia lure abound on three fourths of the entire our columns; And we cannot but add that, Railroad report are correct, and that any rout, of the best quality. A Railroad from in our opinion, Mr. C. has mistaken the engine made by Mr. Baldwin will perform Stockbridge, by Pittsfield, Cheshire, and spirit as well as the letter of C. W. R.'s com- the same on any well.constructed Railroad, Adams, to Bennington, in Vermont, is inmunication.

if the engine is kept in proper running or. contemplation. The manufactories row in We refer to the last paragraph of the der. I will also bet Mr, one thousaud existence on this route alone, and from communication of C. W. R., in support of dollars that I will turn out an engine of my South Berkshire, would pay a handsome in our opinion. He says—." In conclusion, 1 own manutacture within the present sea. terest on a road to this city.

beg leave to state, that I shall be much pleas- son, thai stali carvy 200 10ps gross over the The road will pass through one of theed to be proved in error as lo the power of Columbia and Philadelphia Railroad, whichi most fertile parts of Dutchess couniy, pro-locomotives, and should any of your numer. has grades of 45 teet rise per mile, at an av. nounced by judges amongst the best culti-ous contributors undertake the task, it will serage speed of 12 miles per hour : the train vated districts of this state. From Dutchess, be received with the spirit in which this is of- to consist of 50 cars. Putnam, and Westchester, we now drawferedthat of seeking the truth.

I deem it proper also to remark, that Mr. largely for supplies to our markets, at a

“Yours, &c., Baldwin now constructs all his engines after very heavy expense of transportation to the

“C. W. R."

one pattern, and that they are as nearly alike consumer; whilst large portions of their We have but one remark more to make. and of the saine weight as they can possibly produce daily wanted on our tables, are per. In the first place, the statements of the be made. About a year since, he construcmitted to go to waste on their hands, for extraordinary performances” on the Bal-||ted 4 or 5 engines with outside connexions, want of a direct and cheap communication timore and Ohio Road, &c., were not in which differ slighily from some 20 or 30 with this city at all seasons of the year. Itended as samples of every day work; but others constructed by him. They are, We could enumerate many articles, besides to prove that locomotives could do what very however, ot'about the same power as those iron and marble; such as hay, the coarse many have asserted they cannot. In this with inside connexions. grains, beef, poultry, vegetables, and regu. matter C. W. R., and others taking the It is an easy matter for young men of litlar supplies from the Dairy, in a cool and same ground, are in error.

de experience to call in question the statepure state, the want of all which, was Again : C. W. R. wishes, as well as oth-inents of others, and to figure in a public severely felt last winter, and has yearlyers, to know what improvements have been newspaper. I have no time, and but little increased, with our daily growing popu

made enabling locomotives to overcome inclination, to eater into a paper discussion lation.

greater obstacles than formerly, every of this subject with any one. I have no obWithin the period of twelve years from thing else may grow and improve; but the jections, however, to give Mr. a prac. this date, we shall number 500,000 souls. laws of nature, and among them those of|tical lesson on the subject of motive power, We venture little in predicting, that then mechanics, have not that “ India rubber” and to back my assertions with my money. this road will be considered next in impor-elasticity that man's laws possess, on the I desire you to publish this letter, and tance, to supply the necessaries and com. contrary are fixed and immutable. This be. I hope to hear in a short time of M:. --'s forts of life, to the aqueduct from the Croion, ing the case, these gentlemen, as they them. acceptance of one or both of my proposito supply us with water.

selves say, would desire to have the rea- tions.
sons, in “ black and white,” for this up I am, Sir, very respectsully,
looked for increase of power.

Your obedient servant,
LOCOMOTIVES ON INCLINED PLANES.
That reasons good and sufficient can be

H. R CAMPBELL, It is the fault of imperfect humanity that given we have no doubt. Meanwhile, we

No. 351 North Sixth streei, Phila. different impressions are conveyed by the shall be much obliged Mr. C. for such same object to different persons. “ Stub.

particulars as he may be plessed to send us, born facts” are not to be gainsaid--yet the

To the Editor of the Railroad Journal. in regard to his engines. deductions from the facts must of course be

The fact is, we are in a fair way to know as diverse as the dispositions of the obser- | much more about locomotion in this coun. vers. It is owing to this that disputes even

Sir_The Baltimore and Ohio Esperiin regard to the most certain and fixed |excel; and improvement coming in so rap. March last, being frequently referred 10 as Try than in England, if we do not already

ment reported in your Journal of the 12th branches of science will occur; and it is

idly, entirely astounds some people. to this circumstance that such remarkably

a proof of the facility with which steep

We also give a communication from a discordant views are entertained in regard

grades on Railroads may be overcome by gentleman who, as we understand him, goes locomotive engines, it is to be feared is calto the capabilities of locomotives.

beyond C. W. R. in his calculations. One day we receive a conimunication sta

culated to produce an injurious effect on the

All we want to see is fair play, and infor. ting a certain performance, the certainty of

cause of internal improvement, by exciting mation and truth will result. the fact not being subject to a doubt.

hopes which cannot be realised, as the ma. Presently some one writes us, saying-I

Philadelphia, June 20, 1836.

jority of persons interested in Railroads are have no doubt that such and such state. To the Editor of the Railroad Journal:

unacquainted with the mathematical and ments are true; but I cannot see why ; for

Sir-My attention this morning was di- mechanical principles necessary to enable they are in direct contradiction to establish. rected to a communication, in your Journal them to form correct conclusions in such ed laws of mechanics--presuming that our of the 30th April, signed “C. R. W.,” and matters. data are correct.

dated “ Montreal, 29:h March.” It is well It is stated in the report that an engine Some time since we published a commu-known to me that this communication is weighing 8} tons drew a load of 208 tons, nication signed c. W. R., Montreal, 29ch from Mr. -, Engineer of the Rail- including its own weight, up a plane as. March, 1336, on the same subject. It was road. I have not the honor of a personal cending 264 feet in a mile. This is cerfrom a friend whose object we know to bem acquaintance with Mr. ~, but as he has tainly a very extraordinary performance, as he therein stated-lo elicit truth.

chosen to term some statements, in a for. and shows the immense power of the enWe have since received the following let-|| mer report of mine to the West Philadelphia gine employed. We shall make this more ter in regard to the communication of c. Railroad Company, "extravagant," I sub-apparent by examining the matter a little in W. R. We have omitted the name of the mit for his acceptance the following propo-detail

. gentleman whom Mr. Campbell has discov-sition :

The relation between the load, friction, red to be the author of that article, as we

I will bet Mr. one thousand dollars adhesion, inclination of plane and weight of

BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD

EXPERIMENT.

W=

engine may be expressed by the following stationary engine of the same power, the || great western canal passes through it, on equation :

whole power of the engine would, in this the south side of the river, and is connected E (a-sin. i.)

case, be effective, as the weight and friction || with the main part of the village by a beau. bt sin. i.

of the rope would be counterbalanced by the || iful stone aqueduct over the river, which Where W represents the gross weight ex. load which is supposed tɔ draw out the serves as a feeder, receiving ibe water from clusive of the engine, E the weight of the tail rope, bence the whole load would be he old canal on the north side, and afford. engine, a the adhesion expressed in fraction. drawn up in 10 trips of 6 minutes each, or ng to the village every convenience desired al parts of the weight, 6 the friction of the one hour. This calculation presents the for business. axles &c. expressed also in fractural parts of matter in its true position, and shows the This beautiful village was, until within the weight and i the inclination of the plane immense waste of power consequent upon | a few years, owned by an English genıleBy substitution and reduction tħe equation working steep grades with locomotive en man,) Mr. Ellis, we believe,) and its imin the are before us becomes 122 + 1.44 b gines; in the case before us, it is equivalent mense water power was for many years, in

This equation may, it is evident, to raising 13 x 28= 364 tons up a plane of a deed almost since ihe revolutionary war, bave several values; but, from the nature mile in length, ascending 264 feet per mile. || nearly useless, as the proprietor declined to of the inquiry, they must be confined with The communication of your correspon- || sell, or even to give permanent leases, and in certain limits. Thus, if a were equal to dent C. R. W., in the Journal of the 30th the village of course made but slow pro.122 the equation would become April, contains some very just remarks ongress in the march of improvement which 1.44b = .122 – .122 = 0

the subject of steep grades and locomctives, || has marked the course of many less favored wilence b must be equal to nothing or the but his calculations as to the power of the places farther west. friction of the axles &c. be absolutely anni-engines are very erroneous.

The mere Fortunately, however, here, as in many hilated, this we know cannot be the case, it statement that an engine capable of drawing other places, a change has come over the is therefore, certain that the adhesion of the 200 tons on a level and 100 tons on a grade aspect of things-a foreign proprietorship wheels cannot be so small as .122. By the ascending 25 feet per mile, does not furnish has given way to one of true American spirit. published reports of the B. & O. R. R. Co. sufficient data from which the traction, | The title was about two years since transwe are informed that the friction of the car. | when the power is supplied by locomotives, || ferred to a gentleman of this city, who riages on their road has been reduced 10 the can be estimated. The adhesion of the viewed things as an American. He causto of the weight, we shall therefore, as. wheels forn.s an important element. The led the property to be surveyed, streets and sume this for the value of b in our equation greatest weight an engine of 85 tons could | public squares to be laid out, and has conand shall consequently have .12566 for the draw up a plane ascending 25 feet per mile, tributed largely to the erection of churches, corresponding value of a. By substituting by assuming at for the traction, and of land has sold freely and, at fair prices to these values of a and 6 in our primary equa: i's = 1; for the adhesion, as given by C. R. those who desired to improve its advania. tion and taking sin. i = 0 we shall have W., is

ges. Those who, like ourselves, recollect

8.5 X -8.5 X 325 427.2 tons for the value of W, that is an en

= 55.9 tons, its appearance twenty vears ago, and have gine bearing sufficient adhesion to enable it

ziit 32 80

witnessed its progress under the fostering to ascend a plane rising 264 feet in a mile and not 100 tons as stated by him. In order care of its present proprietor, need no deswith a load of 207 tons would have suffi. to enable the engine to ascend the plane with

cription of its present condition, or its de. cient adhesion to drag 427.2 tons on a level this load of 100 tons, the traction must be road exclusive of the engine." much less than zit of the weight, and the who have not witnessed its beauties, a brief

lightful surrounding scenery--but to those The mechanical power requisite to draw adhesion much greater than t's, The ratio description may not be uninteresting. 204 tons up the plane is

between these two quantities, as we have
20.75
shown in a previous investigation, may be

The village of Litle Falls is situated in 20.75 sin. i. + 1.0885,

a narrow defile, which appears to have been 400. varied within certain limits without affect

formed by the waters of the river in its pasing the result. and 1.0885 x 400 435.4 is the load which the same power would draw on a level at

If we assume the traction at róg, the ad-sage from the lakes io the Hudson. On the hesion must be a little less than 1, or accu.

west, and also on the east are the beautiful the same rate of speed, and if we assume

and fertile flats of the Mohawk; but on the rately .0894, and the power necessary to the load to be inversely as the speed halt this draw 200 tons up the plane in question is,

north the village is hemned in by hills, weight or 217.8 tons at double the speed.

covered with forest, approaching in some

100 25 x 100 Let us now, in order to show the effective

places nearly 10 the water, with abrupt and

5230 pərformance of locomotives on level and

and .72 400 = 280 tons, the load which almost precipitous acclivities; whilst in steep grades, suppose the road to be level to

Other places the village extends for half a the foot of the plane in question, and the This investigation shows that there is no the same power would draw on a level.

mile or more from the main street. It is on plane itself to be half a mile in length, the

the south side, however, that we behold the engine would, as we have just shown, drag that an engine capable of drawing 100 tons descrepancy in Mr. Seymour's statement,

mountains in their majesty. The canal, a load of 217.8 tons on the level at the rate

which hugs the side of the precipice, and on an ascent of 25 feet per mile, would draw of from 10 to 12 miles per hour, and on the

Yours, &c., 200 tons on a level.

winds its way aniongst the rocks, is about plane 202 tons at half that speed. The en

W. L.,

30 feet above the river; and the summit of gine and tender, it appears by the report,

C. E.

the hills are more than three hundred feet, weigh nearly 13 tons, whence 78 tons is the

and in some places almost perpendicular,

Schenectady, N. Y., June 14, 1836. greatest effective load that can be drawn up

above the capal. This was indeed a herthe plane at one time, the engine must,

culean task; and to others than Americans, therefore, ascend and descend the plane 28 007 The article referring to Little Falls, an attempt to construct such a work would times in order to get this load to the top, and which appeared in our last, was by accident have been deemed almost chimerical. It as each ascent would, at the rate of 6 miles put to press without having the proof pro. was however, accomplished, and is now the per hour, occupy 6 minutes, and each de-llperly corrected—It is therefore republish.admiration of the hundreds of thousands scent the same time, the whole load coulded.

who annually pass on its waters. not be got up the plane in less than 54 LITTLE Falls. This picturesque and The improvements of the place are prohours.

thriving village is situated on both sides gressing with spirit—its water power is osti: Instead of the locomotive, let us now sup- of the Mohawk river, 72 miles west of mated equal to 750,000 spindles and several pose the load to be drawn up the plane by a Albany, and 22 miles east of Urica. The sites with power have recently been sold:

272,

400 +

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