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D. K MINOR, Editor.]

SATURDAY, JUNE 25, 1836.

(VOLUME V.–No. 25.

h. m.

Nott's improvements in the use of Anthra. On the return of the boat on Saturday AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. cite coal—the boilers are tubular.

two flood tides were encountered, the one
NEW-YORK, JUNE 25, 1836.

The economy of the various parts of|at Balumore, the other at the Highlands.

the machinery is beautiful but we shall not The times were as follows:-
We have frequently desired to refer more
attempt a descriptionin detail. It is suffi. Left Albany

8 5 Passed Coeymans

96 particularly to the operations and experi- cient to say that the operation of the boat


9 15 ments of Dr. Nort, than we have felt at libis most successful. We have never made


943 erty to do; inasmuch as we were aware of a passage during which we have less felt


10 15 his desire to avoid newspaper or periodical the vibration of the machinery, and not


10 34 Tivoli

11 21 notoriety ; we cannot, however, refrain from withstanding the boat's great length the

Barrytown motion at her extreme ends as well as be.

11 38 embracing the present opportunity of ex


1) 58 pressing our admiration of the perseverence side lier machinery was far less than usual.

Hyde Park

12 36 with which he has pursued his experiments The great object of the proprietors hus

Poughkeepsie 12 58 2ļ losy on the use of anthracite coal for steain nav

been the saving in fuel, and 'thas le’n at- Passed the Erie, coming up 1

tained most ingeniously. igation.

The cosí of fuel

1 52 Newburgh

West Point 2 20 We conceive that Dr. N, in perfecting is less than one half of that in the wood


2 54 his machinery, has laid society under the boats. Nineteen to twenty tons will proba.


4 35 Arrived at New-York

5 53 greatest obligations--we need only point obly be used in a trip. the destruction of our foresis--where is our

On Thursday Jast during the passage the

Deducting the landing, making the paso wood to come from if each of our immense boat had to contend with ebb tide—a fresh


in 9 hours 45 minutes. boals consumes 39 to 40 cords per day ? et in the river-strong N. E. wind. H rrime

Below Poughkeepsie, came in sight of the We have not been in the habit of consider-/ was as follows:

morning boat, the Champlain, she having ing our forests as other than inexhaustible, Left New York

6 27

left Albany at 7 o'clock, making her usual but such is the state of things no longer, Passed Teller's Point 9 27

tandings. and we hear complaints from every quarter.

Verplanks's Point 9 57

She came into the wharf about a mile, Indeed no one could witness the enthusiasm


10 5

or X, ahead of the Novelty. From New

West Point 10 40 with which the success of the experimeni

Newburgh 11 25

burgh down to New York, dense volumes of was hailed in evury place and at Albany in

Poughkeepsie 12 32

smoke issued from all four pipes of the particular, without being convinced that

Hyde Park

1 4

Champlain, proving the enormous consumpthe substitution of coal for wood has been


1 52

tion of fuel; while we feel it our duty to say, Barrytown

2 52 made not one day too soon.

that no strain whatever was upon the Novo Bristol

2 57 We had the pleasure of being of the


3 43

elty-she going at such a rate as is entirely party to Albany last week in this beautiful


3 57

practicable every day. boat. Seldom has it falien to our lot to


4 29

No coal was put into the surnaces for the

5 5 make a more pleasant trip. The perfect

last thirty miles on either trip; and while Coeyman's

5 17 feeling of security combined with the con- | Arrived at Albany

the other boat was smoking furiously, the

6 37 sciousness of the boat's great speed produ Making the whole passage in 12 hours 10 firemen of the Novelty were upon the front ced in us a sensation of pleasure as agreeaminutes.

deck cooling themselves, and rejoicing in ble as unusual.

An accident before leaving the dock, || their light work. They, at least prefer coal The Novelty is 252 feet long-certainly || injured the iron attached to the rudder to wood. our longest boat and we think the largest in | and prevented the more rapid alteration Speed is certainly desirable, and we were the world—her engines are horizontal—two of the course of the boat, particularly in agreeably surprised to find this boat move large ones, and a small one for blowing the following the shore to avoid the tide and with such rapidity on a first voyage, when fire, pumping, &c.

catch the eddy. This had considerable every thing must be new to the hands, hav. The grates are on the principle of Dr. "influence in coming down the river. ing never before used such fuel; whereas,



in the ordinary engines, the practice of ma- ||dance of good timber, bituminous coal, lime way connected with the prosperity of Inny years is extended to their benefit. But stone, free stone and hydraulic cement indiana. It is proper to remark, however, safety is the all-important object, and never its immediate vicinity. The town is laid that in addition io ihese, a railroad from could we desire a more safe mode of con- out upon a liberal scale, having five squares Indianapolis to Lawrenceburg has beets veyance. The terror of a rupture of the reserved for public purposes, and streets of commenced, and is now in progress by ani boiler is bere unknown. Should a boiler | 150, 100, 80 and 60 feet in widih according enterprising company under a charter from

to their location. It has already several the State ; and numerous others will doubt. burst, it would only result in the collapse of large wholesale stores and stean millsless be undertaken by the inhabitants, by & small tube, and put out the fire. We can add nothing more than to inform || become a very important place. and must eventually beyond all question which the state works will be intereected,

and connected in various other places, our readers, that this boat is commanded

The railroad from Alton to Springfield thereby giving to every part of the State by Capt. Seymour, assisted by Capt. Lew. has been surveyed, the company organized those facilities which are essential to the is, so long and creditably known upon the and measures adopted for an early and ef-proper developement of its immense reNorth River; we can answer for the treat-ficient prosecution of the work. It will sources; and at the same time give to the ment his passengers will reccive. be connected with other roads, particularly soil of an infant, and but recently, wilderness

that leading from Springfield to Danville state, the value and advantages of an old

through Decatur--and another from Spring and thickly settled country. RAILROAD CONVENTION.

field through Jacksonville to Meredosia, on The period for the meeting of the Great the Illinois, and Quincy on the Mississippi

INDIANA.—INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT8, &c. Southern Railroad Convention at Knoxville,| rivers, both of which are chartered and the

We have been furnished with documen s Tennessee, is at hand. The object of thai stock of the latter we understand is taken. meeting, viz., the connection of the southern

4. Rail Road from Danville to Spring

which enable us to lay before our readers seaboard at Charleston, S. C., with the Ohio field by Decatur, 110 miles,-already char- the following facts, referring to the map. of Cincinnati , and probably at Louisville

, Ky., tered. This road, when completed, will They give the reader a better idea of those is worthy the attention of all the friends of

works than we have before been able to furconnect Alton with Danville. 5. Rail Road from Springfield to Quincy

nish. Internal Improvement; and it will, we are by Jacksonville and Meredosia, 90 miles.

The system of public works authorized by sure, be ably advocated by those selected to Chartered. Will open a rail road com

the act of the last Legislature, authorising attend the convention. munication between Alion and Quincy.

the loan of ten millions of dollars, embraces It was our intention to be at Knoxville 6. Rail Road from Alton to Galena via the following described routes, which will during the Convention, but other engage Carrolton, Jacksonville, Beardstown, &c. be bet' er understood by an examination of ments will prevent; we must therefore Chariered. Distance, 350 miles.

the map of t..e State, of which a copy may ly upon some friend to furnish the proceed.

7. Rail Road frorn Grafton to Springfield || be scen at our office, or of the accompany

iva Carrolton and Waverly. Connectsing map of Illinois and Indiana together. ings at an early day for the Journal.

with the Alionand Galena roadat Carrolion. 1st. The Wabash and Erie Canal. This

8. Rail Road from a point on the Illinois Improvement is deci ledly the most imporRAILWAY IN ILLINOIS.

river on the Jacksonville and Waverly, to tant one in the State. It commences at We give in this number of the Journal intersect the Alton and Springfield Rail the head of steamboat navigation, on the a map of Illinois with the principal rivers, Road at Auburn.

Maume river, which empties into Lake towns, and chartered railroads delineated

9. Rail Road from Alton to Mount Car- Erie at its extreme western point, and folthereon. The object of this map is to give

mel on the Wabash. Chartered. 150 miles.lows up the valley of that river to Fort to the people of this eastern section of the

10. Rail Road from Alton to Shawnee-Wayne, and down the Wabash to La Fay

town. country, a better idea of the State of mi.

Chartered. Distance, 150 miles. ofte, thence to Terre Haut, and Evansville, nois, and its progressing, and contemplatel

11. Rail Road from Galena to Ottawa on the Ohio river, and may indeed be called improvements, than they now posses3

(or the teamination of the canal,) and the basis or main trunk of the system, inasand, although it is not as full as we could thence to the mouth of the Ohio. Charter- much as all the other lines are designed to desire, yet, it will be found of much use tolled. Intersects the Alton and Shawnee connect with it, and will find their outlet to those who contemplate a visit, or removai to town Rail Road, and connects Alton with a northern market through this channel. that fertile region. We have not the nethe mouth of the Ohio.

Besides affording an outlet to market for cessary documents before us, to go into a 12. Canal from Chicago to Ottawa, 95 | half the State of Indiana, it will also form, full, or general description of the various miles. Commenced this year.

when extended to the Olio, one of the prinimprovements laid down on this map, yet

This canal is to be 36 feet wide at bot-cipal channels of trat e between Lake Erie we cannot permit the opportunity to pass tom, 60 at its surface and 6 feet deep-I and the western and south western states. without calling attention to one or two of|| should be eighty feet wide and cight feet Additional importance is given to the work them, and we will commence by referring deep, with Locks of sufficient dimensions from the fact that a Railroad is about to be to No. 1, the National road which is now in :o adınit the passage of Steam Boats ; and commepced at Alton, Illinois, near the progress as far as Vandalia. An Engineer it will have to be enlarged to those dimen-| mouth of the Missouri, which is designed is engaged in surveying the route from sions within ten years.

to intersect the Wabash and Erie Canal at thence to Jefferson city, crossing the Mis 13. Rail Road from Danville 10 La Covington, or La Fayette ; passing across sissippi river at Alton ; there is no doubt | Fayette, proposed by Indiana.

At La the entire state of Illinois, and thus open but that it will be continued, at least to that Fayette the Wabash and Maumee termi-the most direct route from New York to point.

From La Fayette Rail Roads are

St. Louis, and the whole south western 2, and 3: The road from Alton, on projected by Indiana to Evansville, and country. This canal was authorized some the Mississippi

, to Springfield, in Saga-| through Indianapolis to New Albany, Mad- years ago as far west as the mouth of the monn county. Alton is a very flouish-ison, and Lawrenceburg on the Ohio Riv-Tippacanoe, the point to which steamboats ing town-city we shall have soon to er, and from Lawrenceburg a Rail Road can ascend during high water; the work has say-situated about 24 miles above the is to be made to Cincinnati, connecting been for some time in progress

, and within mouth of the Missouri, and eighteen miles || Alton with all these places.

the present season 65 miles will be navigabelow the mouth of the Illinois rivers. Al The preceding brief description of the ble. But the navigation of the Wabash ton is said to have the best steam-boat || several improvements which were author-| river, though highly important to the coun. landing on the east bank of the Mississip-ized, and undertaken on the part of the try, is believed to be entirely inadequate to pi, having a natural wharf of rock, of a State, by the law of last Session of the Le-the increasing commerce of this route, esconvenient heighth and level surface. The gislature, and which are therefore properly|pecially if the transit trade be taken into Penitentiary is located there, and there are included in what is termed the state sys- || the account. The improvement of the many who think it will yet become the tem of internal improvement, will be found river for steamboat navigation has been

pitol of the State. There is an abun-| highly interesting to those who are in any || suggested, but owing to the very sandy


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character of its bed from the Tippacanoe to Canal; crossing, as it does at the seat of the beautiful and fertile valies of the Elk the rapids, any valuable improvement of the Government, both the central canal and hart and the Big St. Joseph to Michigan navigation is supposed to be impracticable. the national road, it will receive the tra- city. The law directs the connexion to be Under these circumstances it was consid- vellers which these works will concentrate formed by canal, if found practicable, and if ered highly interesting and important to the at that point, and convey them in five hours not, by railroad. country, that when during the examinations to the Ohio. The constant intercourse of last year, it was ascertained to be entire- which must ever be maintained by busi ly practicable to extend the canal down the ness men and others, in the interior, with Wabash river to Terre Haute, the point the Ohio River, will, it is believed, cause

Continued from page 380. where the national road crosses, and thence sufficient travelling to sustain this road. across the country in a southeasterly direc- Some of the products of the state will

CHAPTER VI. tion, intersecting the Central Canal in doubtless be conveyed to market on the Green County, ihrough which canal it will road, though for those of a heavy and bulky $ 3. Experiments on the Effects of the Lead. be connected with the Ohio river at Evans-nature, which may be raised near the cen

The foregoing calculation gives us the loss ville. The law contemplates this extension tre of the state, it is supposed that the canal and connection. The whole length of the will afford the cheapest conveyance, and of power produced in the engine in consecanal from the east line of the State to its therefore be preferred. The merchandisequence of the lead.

However, no research having as yet been junction with the Central Canal will be designed for the interior, especially that about 270 miles, from thence to the Ohio which may be brought down the Ohio, made on the subject, every thing is at preriver about 110 miles, and the whole dis- will be conveyed on this road, and will sert regulated by opinion alone. There

form a source of considerable revenue. are some engine builders that give no lead tance from Lake Erie to the Ohio river by The length of the road will be about 160 at all; others only to, or in at most; this route is about 460 miles. 2d. The Central Canal.—This improvemiles.

others, on the contrary, give in. or more. ment is designed chiefly to open to the cen- ville road. This will connect the Ohio doubtedly facilitates the working of the en

5th. The Jeffersonville and Crawfords. Although the lead, if moderately used untral region fo the State, an outlet both to a river at a point opposite Louisville

, with gine, it is also evident, that if carried too far, northern and southern market. It will diverge from the Wabash and Erie Canal at

the Wabash and Erie canal, by a route it must at last stop its effect. For that the most suitable point between Fort Wayne passing nearly parallel with the Madison reason, we resolved to undertake some exand Logansport; thence passing the fertile and Lafayette Railway, though so far from periments on the subject.

In our research, we first made use of the valleys of th · Mississinewa and White riv- hat road as to depend for its trade and

business ers to the national road; thence down the

upon a different district of coun: Leeds engine, and we made the three exwest fork the Ohio river at Evansville. Itry. This road will form the channel of periments of the 15th of August, related The southern portion of this canal passes and south, for a large district of the state, with a leadof 1 in.; the second with no lead;

trade and intercourse, both to the north above (Chap. V. Art. VII. § 1); the first through a country abounding in coal and embracing several fertile and well-improved and the third, with a lead of į in. But probably iron. The whole length of the

counties. The route of this road, cross- as the change in the load, in the pressure, canal will be about 290 miles.

It is proper to remark here that about ing as it does the main vallies and ridges and in the inclination of the road, caused 110 miles of this route, next to the Ohio, it questionable whether a railroad or Mac-we soon gave up that engine, and took in its

of the state, is so undulating as to render naturally much complication in the results, will be common both to the Central and adamized road would be most beneficial to place the Vesta. An ingenious apparatus, the Wabash and Erie Canals, inasmuch as the country. The law gives the preference invented by Mr. J. Gray, of Liverpool, and it will form the outlet for both. It will be to a railroad, and direcis further examina-fixed to this engine, made it easy to change perceived also, that these canals will formtions and surveys for this mode of improve the lead without interrupting the journey ; à perfect water communication between inent; but if, after full investigation, the so that, with the same load, and on the same Lake Erie and the Ohio river at Evansville Board of Interna! Improvement should find spot, the engine could be tried successively by two different routes, after it passes Fort the country 100 hilly for a railroad, they | with different leads. This effect was proWayne, one passing down the valley of the are, in that case, directed to construct aduced by means of three notches, placed Wabash, and the other through the valley Macadamized road. The road will be more or less backward on the eccentric, of the Mississinewa and White river, pass- about 158 miles in length. ing the seat of government at Indianapolis

and on which the driver might be brought at

6. The new Albany and Vincennes Mac-| will, by means of the common catching These canals will open a mine ot far more adamized Road. This improvement will lever. The first of these notches gave a value to Indiana than mines of gold.

connect the Ohio River at New Albany lead of į in., the second of } in., and the 3d. The White water Canal.—The chief |(near Louisville) with the Wabash River last corresponded with a lead oi , in. To object of this improvement is to convey to at Vincennes, crossing the central canal. || make the difference more remarkable, we market the surplus agricultural productions The route being transverse to the main endeavored to obtain a comparrison between of a very fertile and well cultivatad district vallies which drain the country, and con-| the first and the third of these positions of of country. It commences at the national sequently very undulating, a Macadamized the slide. road in Wayne county near the east line of road was thought to be more beneficial to

The reader will recollect that the VESTA the State, and passes down the White water ihe country than a railroad with such exvalley to Lawrenceburgh on the Ohio river, treme ascents and decents.

The course

engine has the following proportions :a distance of 76 miles. It is however pro- cf this road has long been the main ronte


11į in. vided in the bill, that the north end of this for travellers who pass by land from Ken

Stroke of the piston - 16 in. canal shall at some future day be connect- ucky, or the southern states, into Illinois


5 ft. ed with the Central canal in Delaware or Missouri. It is believed, therefore, that I. On the 16th of August 1834, arriving county, thus making another connection be- besides subserving the interest and wants with the engine and a train of 20 wagons tween the Ohio river and Lake Erie, through of the country through which it passes, it at the foot of the inclined plane of Whiston, the White water, the Central, and the Wa- will also be important to the country as a the inclination of which is ed, all the train bash and Erie canals. This connection is general thoroughfare. The road will be was taken off except the seven first wagons, required to be canal if that mode be prac- about 104 miles in length.

weighing together 34.43 t., and with the ticable, but if not, by a Railroad.

7. The Michigan and Erie Canal or tender, 39.93 t. ; and the engine endeavored 4. The Madison and Lafayette Railroad. Railroad. This improvement is designed to ascend the plane with that load, - This work commences at the town of to complete the connection between the The lead was first regulated at in. ArMadison, on the Ohio, and extends through | south end of Lake Michigan and the west rived at the foot of the plane with an acthe rich country drained by the east forkend of Lake Erie. The work will unitequired velocity of 10 miles an hour, the enof White River to Indianapolis, and thence with the Wabsah and Erie Canal, neargine continued its motion for some time, but to Lafayette on the Wabash and Erie Fort Wayne, and extend thence through slackened visibly; and, after having travel

31 lbs.

Load inch.
Effective pressure

in pounds per
square inch, by the


of the


Effective pressure
Lead ; inch.
in pounds per

square inch, by the
of the

led & mile, it stopped ; the pressure being § 4. Table of the results obtained in these || periment, the consumption of water and 23; lbs, by the balance.


coke must have made it descend consideThe lead was reduced to į in. The en

In order to place these experiments to-rably below that weight, though we had no gine set off again, and reached the top of the gether before the eyes of the reader, we possibility of weighing the tender, and conplane with a velocity of 14 complete strokes|unile them in the following table :

sequently we could not take the difference of the piston per minute, the pressure by

into account. We have said, that when the the balance being reduced to

tender is quite empty, its weight is no more II. In the evening of the same day, the

than three tons, which upon a level is two engine having taken to the same place a

tons less than we reckon here, and makes train of eight loaded wagons, and 12 empty

on the inclined plane at gg, a reduction of ones, the eight wagons alone were left at

eight tons in the load. tached, their aggregate weight being 27.05t.,

We may consequently conclude from exand with the tender, 32,05 t. With that

perience, as well as from theory, that the deload it began the ascent of the plane with

crease of power occasioned by the lead is in an acquired speed of 10 miles an hour.

proportion to the resulting decrease in the Lead, in. The engine arrived at the

useful length of the stroke of the piston. top without stepping. Pressure at the ballance, 23 lbs. Velocity, 46 complete

$. 5. 1 Practical Table of the Effects of strokes of the piston per minute.

the Lead. III. The engine having returned to the bottom with the same eight wagons, six

In order to facilitate practical researches, empty ones were attached behind them,

we shall calculate here, according to the making with the loaded wagons a total

formulæ laid down above, $ 2, a table of weight of 43.18 t., and tender included,

the effects of the lead, for different engines 48.18 t.

of the most usual proportions on railways. This load was too much for the engine,

By these formulæ, the velocity of the even with its smallest lead. Pressure, 23


motion with no lead at all being known, lbs. Two of the empty wagons were ta

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represented by a, will be to the first in the IV. The engine then drew a train of ayi jo jaqum N

ratio of eight loaded wagons and four empty ones,

2 making toge! her a weight of 34.05 t., and

; tender included, 39.05 t. A lead of in. was given; the engine

but, at the same time, the maximum load of was unable to start on the plane. The lead was reduced to į in.; the en.

the engine will be reduced as if the stroke gine started, and augmented gradually its

of the piston were reduced to the length velocity, giving sticcessively 11 strokes of

1 the piston per minute; then 11 again, then

(cos y + cosy');

2 14, and then 17. The lead was once more tried at : in.;

The arcs y and y being determined by the engine stopped again.

the equations,

According to those experiments, all that The lead of į in. was resumed; the train an engine can do with a lead of in., is to

2 a + 4 go

2a started again. Pressure during the whole draw a load weighing, without the tender,

and Sing'

ľ ' experiment, 23 lbs. by the balance. 27.05 t. V. The train continuing to ascend, two And with a lead of j in., it will be able to

The reader will recollect that in these formore emply wagens were taken off; there draw a load weighing, without the tender,mulæ the signs have the following signifiremained then, in all, eight loaded and two | 34.05 t.

cations : empty ones, weighing together 30.38 t., Thus comparing the useful effects of the and with the tender, 35.38t. engine in the two cases, we see that they

1, length of the stroke of the piston ex

pressed in feet. Lead, in The engine stops; pres are in the proportion of 4 to 5, which consure, 23 lbs. by the balance.

stitutes in practice a considerable advan a, lead of the slide. Lead, į in. It starts again; same prestage in favor of the smallest lead.

l' length of the range of the slide. In order, however, to obtain an absolute

r, lap of the slide over the apertures of VI. At last one more empty wagon measure of the power an engine is able to

the cylinder. is

display in the two circumstances, we must taken off, and the weight of the train is re-calculate the total resistance that was op

These three last quantities may be indiffeduced to 28.55 t., and tender included 33.55 t. posed to the motion of the piston in each rently expressed in feet or in inches, the

equations containing only their ratio. Lead, in. The engine stops ; pressure, In the first, the engine drew a load, tender Applying, then, these formulæ to a series 23 lbs. by the balance.

included, of 32.05 t. on an inclination of of different cases, we form the following Lead, } in. It starts again, and reaches . On account of the gravity of the mass table, which will show, at a glance, how the the top, although, in consequence of the on the plane, including 8.71 t. for the weight velocity increases when the lead is auglength of the experiment, the pressure di of the engine, the train was equal, on a level, mented. As, on the other hand, in the seminishes by degrees from 23 to 21} lbs. by to a load of 160 t.

cond column, we could not go beyond the the balance.

In the second case the engine drew on load the engine is capable of drawing with The engine executed thus, at 21; lbs. the same inclination a train of 39.05 t., lits supposed lead, the same table also pressure, what, with a lead of a in., it equal to a load of 189 t. a level.

shows what diminution in the maximum load could not execute with a pressure of 23 We see that these numbers agree very || corresponds to that increase in velocity. It lbs.

nealry with those deduced from calulation. || is with a view to make the comparison This series of experiments gives us very If those given by the experiment seem to between these two effects more conspicunearly the exact measure of the power of be a little larger, the reason is because we ous, that we have extended the table further the engine in both cases, or the loss of pow. reckon the tender at an invariable weight of than the importance of the subject seems er resulting from the difference in the lead. five tons,-whereas, during this long ex-otherwise to require.

=56.5 star.agn. 20..23 = 56.5
= 56.5 star.agn.20..23 = 56.5
= 56.5 star.agn. 20..21.5= 52


= 56.5
Vesta, Cylinders. 11} in.|III.48.18 stoppedj20..23 = 56.5| stopped 20.23 = 56.5
... 16 in. I. 139.93 stopped 20..23.5=58 star.agn.20..23.5=57.25


5 ft. IV. 39.05 stopped 20..23
8.71 1. V. 35.38 stopped 20..23

II. 32.05 ued its 20..23

Friction .. 187lbs. VI. 33 55 stopped 20..23

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