Lapas attēli

the aid of the foot. When the mortice is to be morticed is laid. It may be raised or It is said that the Prussian Government headed down at one end, to its proper depth, || lowered, or placed at any desired angle to has renounced its opposition to Railroad the chissel is turned the half of a revolution, suit the nature and size of the work.

Companies. The subscriptions on the Exby the aid of a spring and movable box 11,

change at Stettin amounted, in one day, to and again confined, by a spring, in a proper of the rest is regulated.

m, The half-circle, by which the position 500,000 rix dollars (3,300,000fr.,) and was

immediately closed; but as the whole exposition, and the timber is caused to re

pense of the road to Stettin is estimated at trace its course, and the mortice is comple 11, The box and thumb-spring, by which 2,000,000 rix dollars, in order to complete ted to a uniform depth, and beaded down the position of the chissel is regulated. this sum, a subscription is to be opened at

Berlin. at the other end; and, on turning it over, the o, The spring-pole, (shown in part,) which chips will either drop out, or may be easily acts upon the lever h, and of course the Dr. Bowring, M. P., with M. G. Thomas, picked out, as the chissel is so constructed, slide and chissel which are connected with and Capt. Pringle, R. E., have come to Pa. with side cutters, as to cut at both sides, aslit.

ris, as a deputation, for the purpose of ob. well as at the end ; and therefore the mor

taining the co-operation of the French Gov. rice is not only persectly true, or uniform in

It will be readily perceived that, by press-ernment in a plan for uditing by a grand its sides, but also smooth, or free from ing the foot-board down to C, the chissel elrailroad the three capitals of France, Engsplinters, arising from cross grain, as is will be brought down in a perpendicular and, and Belgium. It is understood that

the Governments of all these countries look frequently the case in the ordinary mode of

line near to the top of the rest l; and it may upon the project with the most kindly eyes, morticing.

be repeated an hundred times a minute, and and are desirous of lending it their cordial

thereby cut a mortice three inches or more support. When accomplished, the journey k, A back board or fence, which serves in depth, and six to twelve inches in length, to London will be performed in 131 hours to keep the timber parallel.

from Paris ; in 114 hours from Brussels ; according to the wood, in a minute.—[Ed. |and from Paris to Brussels in about seven 1, The rest or bench, on which the timber |M. M.]



Elisha W. King, Charles H. Hall, John Watts, William R.

Smith, Alexander Hamilton, William P. Hawes, Henry D. SewTO INCORPORATE THE HARLÆM RIVER CANAL COMPANY. all, William S. Smith, Stephen Richards, Aaron Sergeant, and


William W. Todd, shall be the first directors, and shall hold their Passed April 16, 1827.

offices until the fourth Monday of April, in the year of our Lord Be it enacted by the People of the State of New-York, repre

one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, and until others

shall be chosen; and that the major part of said directors shall sented in Senate and Assembly :

form a board for the transaction of business. ' 1. That Peter Embury, Richard Riker, and such other persons

3. And be it further enacted, That if at any time it should hapas now are, or hereafter may be associated with them, be, and

pen, that an election of directors should not be made on the day they hereby are constituted and created a body corporate and

when, pursuant to this act, it ought to have been made, the said politic, in fact and in name, by the name of “the Harlæm River

corporation shall not for that cause, or for any non-user, be deemCanal Company,” and by that name, they and their successors

ed to be dissolved, but that it shall and may be lawful, on any and assigns shall and may have continual succession, and may

other day, to hold an election of directors. sue and be sued, defend and be defended, in all manner of suits 4. And be it further enacted, That the said corporation shall and actions, in all courts and places whatsoever, and that they have full right, power and authority to cut, construct and make and their successors may have a common seal, and may change

a canal, in the twelfth ward of the city of New-York, from Spitand alter the same at pleasure; and also, that they and their suc

endeuvel creek to Harlæm river, from and to such points and cessors, by the same name and style, shall be in law capable of places as the said directors shall deem most expedient and adpurchasing, holding and conveying any estate, real or personal,

vantageous; and such number of basins, connected therewith, for the use of the said corporation : Provided, That the real estate as may be necessary; and to improve the navigation of Harlæm so to be holden, shall be such as the said company shall purchase

river, so as to afford to vessels, boats and other freighting craft, and obtain by voluntary transfer, to be used in and about the

which shall traverse the land, canal and river, a secure and easy construction of the said 'canal, and the works connected there.

navigation from the said Spitendeuvel creek to and along the with.

Harlæm river into the East river; and it shall also be lawful for 2. And be it further enacted, That the stock, property and af

the said corporation to invest such sums as they may deem exfairs of the said corporation shall be managed by thirteen direct

pedient, in the building, purchase and employment of steam or ors, to be elected from the stock holders, (one of whom to be

other freighting boats, to be used in navigating the said canal and president) who shall hold their offices for one year, and until

Harlæm river, and the waters adjacent, and therewith connected ; others shall be elected in their stead; and that the directors of

and also 10 purchase, build or hire houses, factories, ware-houses, the said company, after the term of the first board thereof shall wharves and other necessary buildings for the use of said corhave expired, shall be elected on the fourth Monday of April in

poration, and to sell or lease the whole or any part of the above each and every year, at such time of the day, and at such place,

mentioned property as they may think conducive to the interests as the directors for the time being may appoint; and public no

of the said incorporation : Provided, That the said company tice shall be given by the said directors, not less than fourteen

shall not take any land against the consent of the owner or own. days previous to the time of holding the said election, in at least

ers, and shall not break ground in the excavation of the said two of the public newspapers printed in the city of New-York;

canal or canals, or basips, without the approbation of the Corand the said election shall be held under the inspection of three

poration of the city of New York, first had and obtained under stockholders, not being directors, to be appointed by the board of

their corporate seal. directors; and such election shall be by ballot, and by a plurality 5. And be il further enacted, that the capital stock of the said of votes of the stockholders present, or their proxies, allowing company shall be five hundred thousand dollars, to be divided one vote for every sbare of stock ; and if it shall happen at any

into shares of fifty dollars each; and that it shall be lawful for election that two or more persons have an equal number of votes,

the directors to call and demand from the stockholders respec. 80 that no choice shall have been made as to such person or per

tively, all such sums of money by them subscribed, at such time sons, then the said stockholders, herein before authorised to vote and in such proportion, as they shall see fit: and that Richard at such election, shall proceed by ballot a second time, and by a

Riker, Elisha W. King and Charles H. Hall shall be commisplurality of votes determine which of the said persons so having sioners, for opening books and receiving subscriptions to said an equal number of votes, shall be the director or directors, so stock; and shall give thirty days notice of the time and place of as to complete the whole number of twelve; and the said direct. holding such subscription ; and that in case of the death or refuors, as soon as may be after the election, shall proceed to elect sal to act, of any, or either of the said commissioners, that the by ballot one of their number, to be their President; and if any

directors for the tine being, shall and may appoint any one or vacancy shall be occasioned in the board, by resignation, death, more persons, as commissioners to supply the vacancy or vacanor otherwise, the same shall be filled for the remainder of the cies occasioned by such death or refusal to act as aforesaid : and year in which it may happen, by such person or persons as the that if any stockholder or stock holders, so subscribing, shall neg. remainder of the directors for the time being, or the major part lect to make such payment as the said directors, on public notice of them, shall appoint; that Richard Riker, Benjamin Bailey, "of thirty days, may call for and demand, for ten days after the

12. And be it further enacted, That the stockholders shall jointly and severally be liable for the debts and demands against the said company, to the amount of the stock held by each stockholder: Provided, That no suit shall be brought against any stockholder or stockholders until thirty days after such debt or demand shall have been demanded from the said corporation.

13. And be it further enacted, That the Legislature may, at any time, alter or amend this act.


same ought to have been paid, the shares of the said stockholders, so neglecting, and all previous payments by them made, may be forfeited to the use and benefit of ihe said corporation hereby created.

6. And be it further enacted, That the directors for the time being, shall have power to make such by-laws, rules and regula. tions as shall appear needful and proper, touching the manage. ment and disposition of the stock, property, estate and effects of the said corporation, the rate and manner of collecting tolls and fares, with power io appoint such and so many officers, clerks and servants for carrying on the business of the said corporation, and such allowances and salaries as to them shall seem meet and proper.

7. And be it further enacted, That if any person or persons shall wilfully do or cause to be done any act whatsoever, whereby the said canal, basins and works, or any matter or thing appertaining to the same, shall be impaired or injured, the person or persons so offending shall forfeit and pay to the said company treble the amount of damages sustained by means of such offence or injury, to be recovered by said company, with costs of suit, and by action of debt, in the supreme court of judicature of this Siate, which action shall, in every instance, be considered transitory in its nature, and may be triable in any county of this Staie.

8. And be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawful for the said corporation to employ any part of its capital in banking, nor shall it issue any bond, bill, note of credit, check, draft, or oiher obligation for the purpose of loading the same; nor shall it use any power not expressly granted by this act, or any power not necessary to affect the object of the incorporation ; and that any violation of this section shall be deemed a forfeiture of the privileges and rights of such corporation.

9. And be it further enacted, That the stock of said corporation shall be deemed and considered personal estate, and shall be assignable and transferable, and that no transfer of such stock shall be valid until the same shall have been duly assigned and transferred in and upon a book to be kept for that purpose, by the president of said corporation, which book shall be closed ten days previous to every election, and no transfer of stock shall entitle the person to election, unless the same shall have been transferred at least ten days previous to any such election.

10. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be deemed a public act; and shall be benigoly and favorably construed for all the purposes therein declared and expressed, in all courts and places whatsoever.

11. And be it further enacted, That the term of two years from the passing of this act be, and it is hereby allowed for construct• ing said canal, and no more ; and should said canal not be made within said period, then this act shall be deemed to have expired, and to be void to all intents and purposes.


NY." PASSED APRIL 16, 1827,

Passed May 13, 1836.
The People of the State of New-York represented in Senate

and Assembly, do enact as follows: § 1. The act entitled “ An act to incorporate the Harlæm River Canal Company," passed 16th April 1827, is hereby revived and continued and the time limited by said act for constructing said canal shall be extended to the term of five years from the passing of this act.

§ 2. Charles Henry Hall, Francis Fickett, Richard Riker, William Beach Lawrence, Lewis Morris, James R. Whiting, PJ. Green Pearson, Isaac Adriance, Jonathan B. Hall, Joseph G. Swift, Benson McGowan, Benjamin F. Carman, and Joseph E. Bloonifield, shall be the first directors, and shall hold their offices until the fourth Monday in April one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, and until others shall be chosen.

$3. The company are hereby authorised to extend their capital to the sum of seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars.

$ 4. Section twelfth of the former act is hereby repealed; but the said corporation shall not purchase, hold, or possess docks, wharves, ware-houses, or any other real estate exceeding in amount the sum of two hundred thousand dollars.

§ 5. Every thing in the act hereby revived, inconsistent with the provisions of this act, is hereby repealed.

$ 6. But persons residing upon, or owning lands bounded upon Harlem River, or Spitendeuvel Creek, shall at all times have the liberty of passing through the locks or works of said company, with their ordinary farm boats, to and from New York mark. et, or pleasure boats, free from toll or other charges.

$7. This corporation shall continue for fifty years, and the Legislature may at any time alter and amend this act. Secretary's Office.

I have compared the preceding with an ariginal act of the Le.. gislature on file in this office, and do certify that the same is a correct transcript therefrom, and of the whole of said original.

ARCH’D. CAMPBELL, Albany, May 13, 1836.

Dep. Secretary.

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DR. Ure's PATENT CORRUGATED SUGAR-||ner pan. H shows the level of the bath-inverted over the open top of the safety•

liquor about two-thirds up the side corruga-pipe of the drum D. The edges of the basin

tions. A is a bent pipe, three inches wide, rest on 3 iron props, and dip an inch deep, The is made of cast-iron, and is dou. || for connecting the space between the pans, or thereby, into some water poured round ble. Between the outer case, which is even-| with an iron drum ), called the condenser.them, in the upper space of the drum. This ly, and the inner one which is corrugated. Any watery vapor which may occasional- arrangement forms a water-valve, which into a double surface, there is a space for ly exhale from the bath, when overforced allows air or steam to pass freely to and containing a liquid medium, which is unal- by fire, rises freely up the pipe A, and is from the bath-space between the pans, but terable by the fire in any length of time, condensed into water in D." The water at the same time cuts off the open commuand serves as a bath to transmit a sufficientibus condensed is quite pure, and is allow-nication between the external atmosphere heat to boil the syrup very quickly, but in-ed to trickle slowly down through the stop- and the bath liquor. This liquor consists of a tercepts the scorching temperature which cock F into the funnel beneath it, from strong solution of caustic potash, and may turns it into molasses. The sugar, therefore, which it runs back into the bottom of the be preserved any number of years in a percannot be burned in the inner pan, and the medium through the pipe B, and thus pre- feci state for sugar-boiling, by this plan of fire need never be extinguished, as at pre-serves the boiling pitch of the medium al-seclusion from the open air. Should the sent, when a skip is struck. Thus, much ways at the requisite temperature. The body of medium after a long time absorb so time, labor, and fuel, are saved. The pan besi heat of the medium for boilng sugar much carbonic acid or fixed air, as lo immay be set up by any bricklayer, at the end quickly without discoloration has been pair its action as a bath, it may be easily of the ordinary range of coppers in a colo-| found to be from 300 10 310 degrees of Fah-made caustic again, and thus restored to its nial sugar-house, where the finishing|| renheit's thermometer, but it niny vary a few | original state, by boiling it for half an hour teache now stands; or it may be worked by degrees up or down without inconvenience. in a copper with half a hundred weight of a separate fire at the pleasure of the plani-The temperature of the bath may be made fresh slaked quick lime, and six times its er, and may have the spare heat of its flue higher or lower, at the pleasure of the bulk of water. This lime-mixture being applied to the clarifier-coppers.

boiler. By merely preventing some of the allowed to settle a night in the large copper Fig. 1 is a section of the double pan water thaí exhales into the condenser D in which it was boiled, must be ladled off Being as tight as a bottle, and without from returning into the bottom of the bath, into smaller copper in successive portions, seams or joints it is not liable to leak, like the temperature is raised; and by pour- and boiled down till its boiling pitch rises to pans made of copper, which must be rivet-ing slowly a little more water into the bath || 290 degrees, or thereby. The copper should ied or brazed. G is the vacant space be-through the pipe B, the temperature is low-l be partially covered with boards during this tween the two pans for the play of the ered. A few quarts of water added make a boiling up, and whenever the liquor is con. bath-liquor during the time of skipping, difference of several degrees in the heat of|centrated enough, the copper should be when no evaporation is going on in the in-| the bath. E is a lighi basin of cast iron closely covered with boards or mats, till the


Fig. 1.

charge-pipe, to be made use of only on fin-
ishing crop, when the medium ought to be
run off into an iron drum, where it would
remain free froin the influence of the at-
mosphere till the following season. D'D
represents the circle of fire-bricks upon
which the patent pan is seated.

Fig. 3 represents more clearly the ac-

tion of the dampers, as previously shown.

These are placed betwixt the patent pan

and the second of the range. A and B are
the two dampers, equal in weight, and con-
sequently of easy adjustment. When the
dampers are furthest apart, the patent pan
is receiving the full influence of the fire,
but as they approach each other the flame

is sucked more rapidly through the dimin

ished orifice, and is in consequence allow-

ed less contact with the bottom of the pat-

By these means the fierceness of the firo,
as applicable to the patent pan, may be com-
pletely controlled, without the least waste
of fuel; for while little of the heat is acting

upon the patent pan, more is made available
to the other pans of the range.

The medium is carefully prepared under
the superintendence of the patentee, in a
laboratory fitted up on purpose, and is sent
out in a state ready for use, in an iron

drum-tank, packed in a cask. The orifice Fig. 2.

Fig. 3.

of the tank is closed with a screwed iron plug, having a lead-washer under its flange. On taking out this plug with a common screw-wrench, the medium must be poured by portions into a stone or metal pitcher, and thence into the bath-space between the pans; the discharge-hole at the bottom of the pan having been previously closed tightly with its screwed pipe, and flange with lead-washer. At the other end of this short pipe there is a stop-cock, which is never to be opened but when the bath-liquor is to be drawn off at any vacant period, for the purpose of making it caustic again after some years' use. This stop-cock should in general be incased in brick-work or mortar, to screen it from idle fingers. The bath-liquor is corrosive to skin and wood and should not be put into wooden vessels or much handled; if a little happens to touch the fingers, it may be wash. ed away with a little water. Should some of the medium be found to be congealed, the bottom of the open tank may be plung.

ed in boiling water for a little, or surround. liquor has become cool enough to be poured tle water may be poured into it through B ed with blazing cane-trash, and half a galinto the bath space through the aperture at in the former case, or a little of the conden- lon of hot water may be poured in to wash C or B (unscrewed for this purpose,) by sed water in D, allowed to run to waste, out the remainder. means of a funnel, or a stone pitcher with | by the stop cock in F, in the second Should the junction of the outer and in. a spout.


ner pans, at their brims above, become in The flange A, of the bent pipe, is made The condensing-drum D, must be propped the least open at any time, they may be water-tight to the brim of a pan by a lead in its proper position, while its being fixed made secure again, by packing them with washer, and is fixed down firmly with on to the brim of the pan by the screw-bolts iron cement, made of ground iron borings screw bolts, having square beads. The of the flange A. When the pan is briskly sal-ammoniacs, well mixed, in the proporfunnel-pipe B, with the lengthening piece for at work, both stop-cocks for regulating the tion of six pounds of the former to one introducing water into the bottom of the medium may be shut, and slightly opened ounce of the latter, and very slightly dampmedium for regulating the temperature of the only when the pan is charged afresh with ed with water. bath, is fixed in its place by a union-jointsyrup; or the stop cocks after a little practice, When fire is first applied to the pan, aster screw turned by a screw-key or wrench. may both be leit always slightly opened, the proper charge of medium has been in The thermometer tube-case has a flange, whereby the pan will become self-acting, troduced into it, the progressive heating of with lead-washer at C, by which it may be by the circulation of a little vapor into the the bath must be carefully observed by screwed tight into its aperture. Into this iube condenser, and a return of it in the state of means of the thermometer, standing in the which is shut bottom, an inch or two of quick water to the bottom of the bath. Water quicksilver tube C. It the temperature rises silver is to be poured, or sufficient for cover- poured on the surface of the dense medium to 290 degrees, or thereby, the pan is ready ing the bulb of the thermometer. This quick does not incorporate with it, and therefore without discoloration. A charge of sucli silver lying always in the tube,takes the tem- has little or no effect upon its temperature. syrup may be boiled off into good sugar, by perature of the medium, and immediately Fig. 2 is a section of the patent pan when the patent teache, in half an hour, and into imparts it to the thermometer, on dipping its set as the first of the range. A is the flue fine syrup for shipmeat home, in half that open end down into the bottom of the quick-leading to the other pans. BB, the shuttle time. At the instant of running off the silver. The thermometer, after some ex-valve, or dampers of fire-brick, by means granulating skip into the cooler, the firing perience in boiling with the pan, need only of which the orifice of the flue may be low. should be suspended, and resumed as soon be used occasionally, as in the morning ered when required; thereby allowing the as the fresh charge of syrup is introduced. and afternoon. It shows at once, whether flame to have less contact with the bottom The pana have a shelving brim, to which she bath is too hot or too cool, so that a lite of the patent pan. C is the medium die the muul sloping waddle of load or mortar

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cement may be most conveniently adapted,||colorato e barbaresco._ In London we || linseed oil, and painted it from nature, so for allowing the juice to froth up without can sell the regular things; but here in the as to be, to all intents and purposes, a facboiling over. The bath is a constant mag-| country,) we must have the colored and simile. Secondly, I skinned the fish, took a azine of heat, by which the hot syrup is barbarous.”. By-the-bye, I will remark, cast, and then drew the skin over the cast. made to boil briskly immediately after its that the Italian did not mean to attach the Thirdly, I made the cast from the unskinintroduction, so that not an instant is lost epithet of“ barbarous” to the colored, mere- | ned fish, then skinned it, and drew the skin in the operation of a sugar house. This ly as colored; though I do not mean to say over the cast. The only difficulty I had pan is also more easily managed than the that he was actually aware of the fact of was with the skin of the head, but that is simple teache, as it cannot by possibility the ancients, both Greeks and Romans, |of no consequence, and it might be overburn the juice, the fierceness of the fire painting the statues of their gods and god. come after three days’ application. But by merely agitating the bath for a little, without desses to the natural hues, and clothing painting the cast the most perfect fac-simile affecting the quality of the sugar. When them in garments according to the most is produced, both in form and color; and there is no syrup in the corrugated pan, the approved fashion of the day.

the latter will not be liable to the changes medium should not be forced with a strong

I should think that there can be little doubt and blackening which occurs to the varfire, as having no evaporable liquor to trans- but that the contemplation of, and the draw-nished skins of fishes. little into the condenser. Even in this case etlicacious in infusing a right knowledge of|pying your valuable columns with much fer its heat to, it might possibly boil up a ing from, good statues or casts, is far more I fear that you will accuse me of occuno evil could result, since the moment that design ino the student, as well as good taste trivial inatter ; but as far as the preserva. the fire becomes moderate, or that fresh syr. and judgment in the public, than engrav- ||tion, or rather representation, of fishes and up is put into the inner pan, the drop of ings, drawings, or paintings, can possibly be. reptiles is worthy of consideration, I think medium which may have been forced up

I mean, that cæteris paribus, the diffusion that the preservers" will be benefitted by into the condenser D, can be run back into of good statues or casts will have a far this communication. its proper place, through the stop-cock F, greater effect in a community than an equal diffusion of engravings and paintings. The || nected with the preservation of stone and

Another word or two on a subject conFor some time after beginning to use the facilities, however, which occur in the dis- roofs, &c. The stone of which the Church pan, it is proper to look every iwo or three semination of the latter, through the innu- of St. Peter's, at Rome, is constructed, is days into the state of the bath, and to meas-merable publications which are now accomure the depth at which it stands. This is panied by wood cuts or superior engravings, vertino, formed by an agglomeration of

a calcareous, stalictitious stone, called Traconveniently done, at any interval of the must give it the lead in the power of gene- | bushes, leaves, roots, and some shells, by boiling, by unscrewing the quicksilver piperal instruction to a community. C, lifting it perpendicularly up, and noting Speaking of castings in plaster of Paris,|| means of a calcareous fluid by which the how high the wet mark of the medium is . I will mention a circumstance which. I dare whole is fossilised. The very process of

this formation may be observed in all its If it corresponds with about the middle say most of your readers will feel aware of,

various stages of progression and comple. height of the side corrugations, all is right;/ which is, the very imperfect representations if it shows the medium to stand lower, a of fishes exhibited in museums and collec. || tion, on the road to Tivoli, about twelve few gallons may be poured in from the tions of natural history,when the stuffed skins | miles from Rome. This is an interesting spare tank. Too much medium is not ad. of the animals are given as something like topic, but I must only allude to it in order visable, as it merely heats the sides of the unto the originals. When we look upon the to introduce the Travertino, which I have pan above the level of the granulated skip, || stuffed and varnished skin of fishes we have to represent as raiher liable to honeycombs. play of the

medium exposed to a fierce and representation do not strike us; but let any || terraces, &c., on the vast surface of the and as it leaves too little space for the free never seen alive or dead, the faults in the These honeycombs when they occurred in Auctuating fire.

soles, salmon, pike, trout, &c., with the op, of St. Peter's Church, were usually

very phisiognomy of which he is quite fa- filled with melted pitch or some kind of ce. From the London Mechanics' Magazine. miliar, and he will surely require the aid of|bined'with the action of the air and water,

but the great heat of the sun, comthe name affixed to the specimen in order

to recognise his old acquaintance ! Not ||soon melted, decomposed, and dissipated IN ENGLAND,

one of the stuffed fishes of the collections these fillings in. In 1804,'I recommended bear any greater resemblance to the real the application of melted sulphur into al, animals, than a stocking stuffed with hay || in the stone or clinkers,

which constitute

honeycombs, cracks, crevices, and junctions Sir,-Upon reading your judicious testi- || or wool would have any anatomical resem. mony before the Committee of the House of blance to the leg of a human being! The the top and pavements of St. Peter's Church Conimons on Arts and Manufactures, I was transformations of the stuffer are truly lu- which, in extent and appearance, is very struck with a passage (p. 189, 642 No.) dicrous. But it is not his fault ; it is the much like a small town or fortress. The wherein you most appositely remark on the process, which is entirely inadequate to the sulphur was universally applied ; and up to " wretched prints,” and “ still more wretch-purpose. Birds, and some animals with 1815, I had frequent ocular proofs that it ed stucco images,” with which this country long hair, such as bears, &c., may be tole- was no more affected by the sun or atmos. is inundated by the itinerant lialian hawk- rably well represented through the art of phere, than would have been so much pure ers. A great portion of the plaister of Pa. stufling, &c. But has any one seen a

gold. To this, I will only add, that from ris casts are good, and in good taste; but stuffed horse? I have, at Paris and else- subsequent experiments I have found, that the prints are all, without exception, the where; and, unfortunately, our eyes are so

by the addition to the sulphur of a small most wretched that it is possible to conceive familiar to the noble presence," and to quantity of iron filings, a very hard sulphuit possible to execute: Many of the plaister every beautiful swell and turn of the limbs ret of iron, or artificial pyrites is produced. casts, too, are as bad as the prints ; and || and muscles of that noble animal, that the Copper, or brass filings would probably your remarks on this head brought to my specimens I allude to, although executed by produce an analogous result. recollection a circumstance which tallies the first artists of the line in the world, I have read, with very great satisfaction, most opportunely with them.

might almost be mistaken for apes, or even in your last number, Mr. Thomas S. MackSome ten years ago, walking in the coun- cows, but for want of the ears and horns intosh's Electrical Theory of the Universe, try in company with a gentleman of exten. But I am too prolix in the introduction of to which I take the liberty of soliciting the sive knowledge, and the most correct taste,the trifle I have to present to such of your particular attention of your philosophical we met an Italian lad bearing his board of readers as are fond of fish and fishing, realers. I shall venture to offer some reimages, most of which were of that horri- which has been my only diversion for many marks upon it next week. Meantime, I ble sort of rubbish most prized in country years. I have been in the habit of catching have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient places—all daubed with paint, red, yellow, pike of 10, 12, and 20 lbs. weight ; trout of servant,

F. MACERONI. blue, and black. My friend asked the Ital. 7, 10, and 11 lbs.; and in Italy, fish of much ian how he could possibly think of selling larger size. I was for some time in the such ugly things, and how he could look on habit of preserving a drawing of the best Flom the following article, we are much them without being sick? The Italian's fishi, by laying them on paper and taking || pleased to find that the Champlain and St. reply exactly tallied with that which you, the ouiline, an exact fac-simile as far as Mr. Editor, gave to the Committee :- No that went. I then attempted to stuff some Lawrence Railroad promises to answer all doubt they consulted the taste of their cus of them, but succeeded no better than the expectations. Mr. Casey deserves great tomers.” He said, Ugly, do you say? | gentlemen of the museums. I then thought credit, for having erected a work as yet unYes, they are ugļy'; but some people's do of taking a cast in plaster of Paris of the injured—having stood the test of one of like them for to be ugly!” and added, in fish, which I executed in more ways than Italian, In Londra, possiamo vendere le one, all equally satisfactory. First, I took the severest winters that may ever be ex: cose regolare; ma in campagna; ci vuole il a cast of the fish, and then saturated it with pected..




No one, unless acquainted with the nature | Eaton & Robertson for two, twenty-four ance, however small, from the ground.of the ground, can form any conception of passenger cars, and with Messrs. Eaton & By this contrivance, three most important the severe stress upon the pins and other the road, and which by late accounts from Gilbert for two, sixteen ditto, complete for objects are attained : namely

“ 1st. Absolute safety: for the body is work at the termination of the road.

that place are being finished in a style of placed so low, and the frame work so arThe inexperience of the Canadian peo-elegance worthy of the establishments from ranged, as to render it impossible that the ple in such matters, is an impediment of no which they will emanate, and no doubt with carriage should be upset in any direction

the view of extending their high reputation whatever ; nor can a kicking, a rearing, of small consequence, unknown, of course, in to this country.

a stumbling horse place the passengers in the United States.

It is most gratifying to state, that the danger. We wish Mr. Casey equal success in all wharf at Laprairie, after undergoing an 2. Great relief to the horse in peculiar situ. his works, though we cannot but feel jeal- ordeal of no ordinary nature, remains unin-ations : for the centre of gravity of the ous that our Canadian neighbors should jured in the slightest degree, thus justifying load being placed below the centre of the

the high terms of commendation made wheels, the injurious pressure on the horse, secure to themselves so promising a mem

use of in the Report which we had the in ascending and desceading hills with a ber of the profession.

honor to submit at the last half-yearly 2-wheel carriage of the common construcFrom the Report, in this day's paper, of meeting.

tion, is avoided ; for in descending, the the Committee of Management of the Cham. The work upon the station house at La-pressure on his back is entirely removed ; plain and St. Lawrence Railroad Company, prairie, was recommended on the 13th April, while in ascending, a small and advanta. it will be seen that every thing connected and completed, as far as practicable for the geous addition is made to it. with that undertaking is in a highly forward present, on the 3d instant. The work also 3. “ Considerable reduction of draught in all and promising state, and that there is every upon the station house at St. John's, is now circumstances : for wheels of larger diameprospect of the Railway being in operation rapidly progressing.

ier than usual may be employed, not only in July. We think, with our contemporary

The state of the graduation of the road without prejudice io the other advantages the Gazette, that “the opening of the Rail is matter of much congratulation to the of the invention, but in promotion of them, way will be one of the proudest days in the stockholders, for our Engineer reports, and and it is on alí hands agreed, that very annals of Lower Canadian improvement.”) we use his own words." That ihe admi- great saving of draught might be effect a - [Morning Courier.)

rable state of the banks will not only facil. by the use of large wheels, but for the

itate all our operations this year, but is a hitherto supposed impossibility of reconAt a meeting of the Stockholders of the guarantee that the superstructure will here- ciling them with the other necessary proChamplain and St. Lawrence Railroad after suffer little, if any, derangement from perties and conveniences of a carriage. Company, held on Monday last, the follow. the frost.

All streams and discharges have ng Report of the proceedings since the last been uncommonly high this year, and two “ The inconvenience and danger of the half yearly meeting, was submitted, ap-|| or three small culveris will be added to aid present cabs have been long, loudly and proved, and ordered to be printed :

the passage of the water across the road, - l justly complained of. The new cab is perThe Committee of Management of the this is all the extra work required.” The fectly and obviously safe, and effectually Champlain and St. Lawrence Railroad, beg Engineer also states, that about 1200 feet of protects passengers from injury by a vicious to submit to the Stockholders of the Com- the timber superstructure has been laid or stumbling horse ; it affords ingress and pany a Report of the progress of the under-down ready to receive the iron, and that the egress as safe and easy as those of a sedantaking, since they had the honor of address-workmen employed in this branch improve chair, and is smoother of motion than many

daily in expertness. ing them on the 14th of December last.

of the best carriages of other kinds ; it also Shortly after the period just mentioned, We have much pleasure in stating, that combines the shelter and comfort of a close contracts were entered into by the Commis|the steamboat building by Mr. Lindsay, tocarriage, with the lightness of an open one, sioners of the Company, for preparing all run in connexion with the Railroad, will be and the speed of the best of the present the materials required for the superstruc- ready to launch in a day or two, and as the cabs, at the cost of perhaps one-third less ture of the Road, and also for the distribu- | contract with the Messrs. Wards for the labor to the horse, and with the entire tion of the same, when completed, together engine was entered into as early as the 1st avoidance of the injurious effect of common with the iron along the line of 'road, and December last, there is every reason to 2-wheel carriages on hilly roads.

* we are happy to state that notwithstanding suppose the boat will be ready to take her the unfavorable weather for such work du: station upon the ferry about the 10th July. “ In ascents and descents, any moderate ring the past winter, the Commissioner

It now only remains for us to state, thai | degree of safety to the passenger, or of reports that these several contracts have the reports of the Engineer and Commis-/ pressure on the horse, has been, hitherio, all been regularly

fulfilled, and the various | sioner are such as confidently lead us to attainable only by the use of four wheels. materials for completing the road now lie expect, that with favorable weather the Where four are used, they cannot be large : along the line, ready prepared to be put | station house about the 15th July next, and the additional friction--and two horses are

be opened from station house to much power is thus lost—to say nothing of down thereon. Contracts were entered into with the the estimate set forth in the Engineer's re-fort to the passengers, and much greater

that there is still every reason to suppose needed. Absolute safety, and greater comMessrs. Wards, early in the winter, for the port of December last, will vary but little ease to the animal, are now secured by two completing of iwelve, and the castings of from the sum necessary to accomplish this wheels, and those large ones. eighi freight cars, together with a variety | desirable result.

The addiof castings of iron works for turn-outs, spli

tional horse is thus dispensed with, and

Peter M'Gill, Chairman. cing plates, &c. &c., all of which are rap

posting may be done by one horse, on terms

and with a convenience and rapidity yet idly progressing, (the splicing plates being completed, and in a great measure distribu

unaccomplished. The conveyance of mails ted along the line.)

and despatches may be done by 2-horse carA locomotive ordered in September last, | sible exposition of the advantages of this

We extract the following clear and sen- | riages, with thelike, or even greater, benefit, and made by Stephenson of Liverpool, who new vehicle (the invention of Mr. Hansom- is ready for public inspection and trial,

A carriage has recently been built, and ranks among the first in this department of the architect of the Birmingham Town. I which exemplifies the plan, and fully jusengineering, was to be shipped, say, ourhall, confessedly one of the finest architec- tifies the preceding observations. li has correspondents, about the end of March, || tural productions of modern times,) fronı been subjected to severe trials, both intenand

may be expected among the first vessels; the prospectus of a company which has tionally and by accident; and by coming the Company have been most fortunate ir been formed for promoting its introduction out of them without the slightest failure, the seasonable execution of this order, sa into the metropolis :well as in that for the iron, which the pre

has proved that its framework may be safe.

“The very peculiar construction of this ly relied on in any emergency.” sent high price of that material will clearly carriage secures advantages that men of testify.

science and of practical experience bave long The superior style in which passenger wished for, but which have never before cars are got up in the city of Troy, in the been obtained. Instead of an axle going opened this spring with vigor. Several

Business on the Chemung Canal has United States, together with the inexperi-| through from side to side of the carriage, boats have already departed laden with proence of the mechanics in this city in the Mr. Hansom uses a framework so con- duce and lumber for the great emporium. construction of such carriages, induced the trived, that, while sully able to sustain any|| There is more than twice as much lumber Committee to send the Engineer of the shock te which it may be exposed, and ad- now on its banks as there was last year:Company, Mr. Casey, to Troy in January mitting the use of wheels of any diameter, No damage has been done to the canal by last, who entered into contracts with Messrs. || it allows the body to be placed at any dis- the spring freshat.--(Elmira Republican.)





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