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Workmanship,

14,531.10 adhered to, and has had, I am confident, a|| forget us amidst the numerous objects of Horse paih,

10,413.03 very beneficial influence upon the work. || terest within which he will ineet on his way, Contingent expenses,

1,365.80 | The contractors so generally acquiesced in our readers will hear from him again.

this regulation, and complied with this sti-
$47,353.49 | pulation of their contract so faithfully, tha:

For the New-York Farmer.
To the repairs of that road
I had, only in a single instance, to perform

LETTER I.
for the 6 months, that
the unpleasant duiy of dismissing one of

QUESTION_Where you bound, stranger ? that branch of the service them from the service for an infraction of

ANSWER-I am going to the Far West, sir. was under my superin

it. I cannot, however, refrain froin again tendency, $11,647.66 |calling your atien:ion to the fact, that li

Lancaster, Penn., Nov. 10, 1835. censes are so cheaply and so easily ob Dear Sir, I feel inclined 10 scribble a lit. Total expenpiture on the

tained in this Siate, where the sale oftle this evening, and if in your judgment, B. & O. R. R. $1,361,452,374them appears to be only for the purposes any of your readers will take the trouble to To the graduation of the

of revenue, that grog shop; became very read this letter, publish it; if not, burn it. Lateral Railroad

numerous in the innediate vicinity of the Washington City. 664,530.08 || line, and were highly prejudicial to the la

Afier leaving Philadelphia and arriving at the To the masonry on do. 275,167.21 borers, 10 the contractors, and 10 the pro-lis carried over a neat bridge, and the cars

Schuylkill, a distance of 4 miles, the railroad To the contingentexpenses,

gress of the work; ani my opinion reincurred on account of

mains unchanged, that a legislative enact-drawn up an inclined plane by a stationary the graduation and ma

inent, preventing the vending of arden: engine, one hundred and eighty-four feet; sonry, viz: superintend

spirits within a specified distance of pub- | although few accidents have happened, trav. ence, instruments, adver

lic works, could not fail of producing good ellers seldom ride up, as, should the rope tising, &c. &c. &c.

19,475.93 effects, or rather of preventing much evil."|break, certain death, and that of the most

In conclusion, it is proper for ine to pre-lawful kind, would be the result. It is con.

8959,173.22 sent to your favorable notice the names of templated to carry the entrance into the city To the consrruction of said such assistants as hare aided me in the su

by some other direction, which will, 'tis said, road, viz: materials, dis

perintendency of the heavy and arduous op- avoid the necessity of a plane, and which tribution, &c.

109,183.43

erations of ihe last two years. Mr. Robert Workmanship, 37,108.99 Wilson not only superintended the con.

will add exceedingly to the transportation ; To contingent expenses, zruction of the masonry during that peri

after ascending the plane locomotives are viz: superintendence, ad

od, but also from the commencement of attached to the cars, and passengers and vertising, &c. &c. &c. 10,335.44

he road. As before reinarked, he drew merchandise are hurled along with the usual

he designs of many of the munerous rapidity that these "terrible criters" (as my $156,627.86

structures which have been erec:ed, and Kentucky friend calls them,) travel. The To repairs whilst under my

their permanency affords ample testimony road belongs to the State, and also the ensuperintendency,

3,502.98 of the altention he bestowed on their con-gines, for which a regular charge is made struction. They will remain lasting mo

tu proprietors of cars and merchandise. Total expenditure on the

numents of his ability anl fidelity. Mr. They have not as yet given much attention Lateral R. R. to Wash

John D. Steele en ered the service about ington, $1,119,304.06 two years ago, as principal assistant super- they are brought down in great numbers,

to transporting animals, except hogs, and iniendent of Graduation and Construc'ion, Total expended on the grad

and to his talen's, exertions, and unceasing and with profit to the drovers, as they ac. uation, masonry, con

industry, the work is mainly indebied, both complish but a few miles per day when struction, and repairs of

for the fidelity of its execution and rapid drive A, and loose considerable in weightboth roads,

$2,480,756.434|completion. I have learned, with great this road already reaches to Columbia on the Expended in the purchase

pleasure, that the President and Directors | Susquehannah, passing directly through tho of sundry tools, lumber,

have testified their approbation of his ser-flourishing town of Lancaster. It has low &c. &c. which was after

vices, by appointing him to a trust of great ever reduced the price of lands in the vicinity wards delivered to other

responsibility. Messrs. John Miller, Paul of Philadelphia, and increased the price in officers of the Coinpany, 10,831.692| H. Borland, Thomas C. Atkinson, William the interior; a farm which 3 years since cost

Matthews, John Patterson, Hopewell DorTotal expenditure in the sey, Oliver

$130 per acre, 6 miles from Philadelphia, and service of the Company, $2,491,638.13 C Morris, George Holzbecher. D. h. Wat which has been much improved, sold a few

An examination of the preceding state- terston, Caleb B. Moore, Win. K. Coulier, days since at $94. Many anecdotes are re. ment, will show that the contingent ex

Win. P. Elliott, and C. H. Matthews, ren-lated of some of the Duich farmers that op. penditures on the whole work, which has dered, at various tines, and for periods of posed the road. One was asked for his rea. been executed under my direction, have

different durations, very valuable services, son, when he was at the same time told it not amounted to three per cent. on my oth on the graduation and construction, as did would pass through his farm, and enhanco

also Mr. Christian Slemmer, in his office of the value very much. "Vy when dey brake er disbursements.

Inspector of Lumber, and Win. S. Wood- one of dere rails dey will go and tak one It is very gratifying to me to be able to state that, although the operations of my side, as clerk.

from my fense.” Another said chestnut timdepartment have been very extensive for

It is with great regret, that I have to ber was then scarce, but to build a road the last two years, no loss, to my know. | state, that Jonathan C. Price, a young manto Pittsburgh of rails it would take all that ledge, has occurred to any of the mechan. of most amiable deporiment and of high was in the country. But with all that is ics or laborers employed on the differeni | promise in his profession, died whilst in the said in ridicule of them, they show many eva works, except in a single instance, where a service of the Company, and not long af

ident good results from their cautious sys. few laborers in the employment of a sub-ter he entered it, much lamented by those

tem of farming. Nature has done much for contractor, lost a small portion of their who enjoyed the pleasure of his acquaint

those located in the valleys of Cheshire, wages. The following extract from my report of

Respectfully submitted.

Lancaster and York counties, as to the qual. 1832 may, with great propriety, form a

ity of their soil. The landscape also through

Casrer W. WEVER. part of this. The subject is a very impor

those counties is not equalled in this coun. tant one.

try, and if they had hedges where they had "The regulation prohibiting the use of The following letter is from a friend now | post and rail sence, it would exceed any ardent spirits, first adopted with your sanc-l on a tour through the West, from whom we that I ever saw, even in old England. Their won in 1829, has been steadily and rigidly|| hope to receive many others. Should he not barns surpass those of any other country on

ance.

ON THE TEA ZLE PLANT.

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acres.

earth, and the free use of whitewash on the one to do it: at or near the centre of the

For the New York Farmcr. outbuildings and fences have a beautiful clapper of the lower box I bore a hole with contrast with the luxuriant clover fields.- a gimblet, about the size of a 12 penny nail,

By W. P. I regretted being hurled along so rapidly|(this hole is to suffer the pump to lose the when there was so much to see, but after water in 5 or 6 minutes after each using,) I observe, Sir, in your last number, staying a day at this place, I shall pro- this dune, I place the boxes in the pump as it is said, “A farmer in Williamsburgh, ceed more at my leisure. I will close this before ; and by turning into it about two gal- | Massachusetis, sold his crop of tenzles for letter by giving you a description of one of lons of water* (all at once) the pump may one thousand dollars.” The writer of the these Dutch farms, by a quotation from be fetched, as it is called, by a common well article goes on to say, " the farm is an orWashington Irving's description of one on known operation of working the handle hali|dinary one ; but this is a very extraordinathe North River, for when you see one a minute, with very short and quick strokes. |ry case. It may be done in a century. One Dutch farın you see them all. “A great When a supply of water is obtained for swallow does not make a summer. The elm tree spread its branches over his resi- | present purposes, an additional two or three ||demand is very limited, and they had bedence, and near which bubbled a spring of gallons must be saved and kept from freez- come scarce. A few acres of ground would, the softest and sweetest water passinging to fetch ihe pump with, whenever a fresh | under good cultivation, produce enough for through the milkhouse, and then stealing supply of water is again wanted. The hole all the manufactories in the country; and away through the grass to a neighboring |hrough the clapper of the lower box, as the market would soon be glutted." brook, that bubbled away through the alders before observed, allowing the pump to lose The whole of this article is evidently the and dwars willows. Hard by the house the water in 5 or 6 minutes after each using, || product of a person who knows nothing of was a vast barn, that might have served leaves all that part of the pump above the the subject on which he has treated. It is for a church, every window and crevice of surface of the water in the well empıy;||an extraordinary portion of human imbecilwhich seemed bursting forth with the trea. || consequenily there will be no water lefiity, that man should be more confident in sure of the farm; the fail was busily re. l above the box to freeze.

giving his opinion on subjects with which sounding within from morning till night, The foregoing has been the practice with he is totally unacquainted, than on those he swallows and martins skimmed twittering my pump, and I derive great benefit from thoroughly understands. about the caves, and rows of pigeons, some it. I lası winter neglected ihe precaution The cardacus fullonus, or teazle plant, is with one eye turned up, as if watching the till 100 lare, and had to buy water about an important bur to the woollen manufac. weather, some with their heads under their five months in consequence. The little turer, nor is it an article of small consumpwings or buried in their bosoms, and others trouble here pointed oui, has no propor. ||tion, to be raised on a few acres well cultiswelling and cooing and bowing about their tion 10 the inconvenience arising out ofvated. The crop of last year was about dames, were enjoying the sunshine upon the pump's freezing up; incurring the ex. forty-two millions, thirty in the States east the roof. Sleek and unwieldly porkers were pense of having 10 buy wa er, or 10 send of New-York, and twelve in the middle and grunting in the repose and abundance of for it a great distance. The pump best western States; and the land under cultiva. their pens, from whence sallied forth now suited for winter use, and indeed for all do- ||tion for this plant exceeded one thousand and then troops of sucking pigs, as if to inestic purposes, is the common ship pump,

The price this year is by no means spuff the air—a stately squadron of snowy which admits of easily putting the water extraordinary, for it has been as high four geese were riding in an adjacent pond, lin at the top, at each operation. cropping seasons out of twelve. Once du. convoying whole fleets of ducks, regi.

In the spring of the year, when there is ring that time, they have been three times ments of turkeys were gobbling through the nothing further 10 fear from the frost, draw as high, and last spring they sold at more farm yard, and Guinea fowls fretting about the boxes again, and screw a short iron than double the price of the late crop. The it like illtempered housewives with their screw into the hole of the lower box clap crop was short this year, but the market. peevish discontented cry. Before the barn door strutted the gallant cock, that water, until the precaution against freezing per, which will cause the pump 10 keep has been fully supplied by importation,

Twenty-two millions have been imported pattern of a busband, warrior, and a fine again becomes necessary on the approach this year, and eight more are expected. gentleman, clapped his burnished wings, of winter. If the upper box should work

The mportations are principally from and crowing in the pride and gladness of rather tight, the clapper of that may be per- this country has advanced the price in both

France and England, and the demand for bis heart, sometimes tearing up the earth forated also. with his feet, and then generously calling his

Street pumps, however exposed, may al- those markets. ever hungry family of wives and children to so be made equally useful, without housing

I will quote a few facts to prove that the enjoy the rich morsel he has discovered." Yours, &c.

in, or stulling around with straw, (which isteazle crop is not so very uncertain with re.
B. P.

more frequently inefficient than otherwise) gard to a remunerating price, as represent-
by adopting the plan ot having the nozzle or

ed by your correspondent.
For the New York Farmer.
exit spoul to consist of a stop-cock; and to

A farmer at Rahway, New Jersey, has
MANAGEMENT OF PUMPS IN SEVERE
have a stuffing box or air-tight valve fitted

sold his crop in New-York for many years.
on the pump rod, above the stop-cock, which

He plants less than two acres of ground,
By W. R.
being put in motion to exhaust the air, will

The last crop he sold for four hundred and
Mr. Minor: As many of your readers, || cause the water to rise up into the vacuum,

six dollars; and, I believe, has never more like myself, may have experienced much in- and become subservient to the water boxes.

than once obtained a less sum for the crup convenience from the freezing up of their | The lower, and if necessary ihe upper box

of a season than three hundred dollars. pumps in winter, and incurred an addi-clappers, to be perforated as in the common

A farmer in Dutchess county, off little tional expense in the purchase of water for our house or yard pump, as before recom

more than five acres, sold his last crop for domestic purposes, I shall state for your mended.

one thousand dollars ; and being contracted and their information the simple plan I have

If you think ihese hints worth your notice,

for before any advance took place, he only bitherto adopted with any pump to prevent | please insert them in the Mechanic's Maga

obtained the average price. ils freezing: which, with a very little extrazine, and you may perhaps hear again from

Another farmer, in Orange county, sold trouble of twice drawing the hoxes yearly,

his crop this year for rising three thousand

W. ReynoLDS. insurest he use of the punip, and conse

St. John's, New-Brunswick, Dec 14, 1835.

dollars, product of thirteen acres. quently of the water, in the severest weather.

The teazle is a very uncertain crop, sub. First, I take out the spear with the upper

* Or as much as may be necessary to cover the ||ject to be injured by spring frosts and thaws. box,then draw out the lower box, or get some poar bom

The average crops do not probably exceed

FROSTY WEATHER.

to

ventor.

see.

manner.

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forty thousand, and a full crop will reach to|er purposes, which we saw at the shop of||but one acre of ground, and is unable 10
one hundred and twenty thousand. If it a friend lasi summer, and to which we al- || purchase but one book on any earthly sub-
requires seventeen hundred acres of land to luded in the August number of the Mechan-ject, we would advise him to let this be
raise a supply for consumption by average ics' Magazine, p. 57, but of which we the one, as he will find it of more value
crops, it will be easy to account for the great then knew not the inventor. We consider than any other, or even than all others put
depression resulting from two or three suc- led that a useful invention, and it has, as welogether. It has been remarked by a writer
cessive years of full crops. W. P. are informed, proved so,—and the one now on chemistry, and we believe by the au-

(We are obliged 10 W. P. for the above under consideration will, we trust, prove thor of the above book, "The chemist bas
communication, and will thank hini

equally so, both to the public and the in- | the same advantage over the man who is
furnish us with an account of the mode of

ignorant of that science, as the man who
cultivation.]

John C. Concklin's Patent Revolving can see has over a blind man. The blind
Press Harrow, FOR IMPROVING SWARD man may walk with a degree of safety in
AND ARABLE LAND.-- Fig. 2 represents the a beaten and familiar track, and even with
end of one of the cylinders, showing in par.

a handsomer gate than the man who can
ticular the manner in which the teeth, which

But if he gets ever so liule out of
are attached to the frame behind, operates ||tion in it, he stumbles over every thing in

that track, or meets with any new interrup-
in cleaning the teeth of the rollers.
This machine consists of two cylinders, of the track, or how to get in again, or

his way, without knowing how he got out
each 20 inches in diameter and 3 feet long, how to remove the obstacle; while the
formed of cast-iron staves, which are bolt.
ed to end pieces or heads, in the centre of

man who can see, is equally safe in a new
which are boxes similar to those of a cart

path, as in an old one.'
wheel, and revolves on an axle in the

As we remarked above, if a man has but
same
The two cylinders are

one acre of land, and can obtain one dollar
placed on one axle, which is made of wood,

and filly canis to purchase one of those in a straight line, the two inner ends com

| books, and can read and understand it, it
ing nearly in contact with each other. A will enable him to double the product of
wooden frame is then made, which encir.

that acre.
cles the whole, and is framed to the axle at To those who are opposed to book farm-

each end. To the centre of the frame ining, and who boast that they know how to
front the tongue is plared, and made suffi. plant and hoe their corn without consulting
ciently strong by means of braces. a book, we would only remark, that facts

In the surface of the cylinders a sufficient are stubborn things; and there is not a man
REVOLVING Press HARROW.-We have

number of holes are made, which receive the of that description, who cannot, if he
had an opportunity to examine the model of

teeth made of wrought or cast-iron, of any searches, find a man whose acre of corn, a new agricultural implement, invented by

convenient length or size, so that by the perhaps with the same as his labor of Mr. John C. Concklin, of Peekskill, West. / revolving of the cylinders or rollers upon planting and hoeing, yields twice as many chester county, which he calls the “ Re

sward or other land, it will become suffi- bushels as his; and seeing this, if he is ca. volving Press Harrow.” One great object

ciently scarified or loosened to answer the re- pable of reflection, he will discover that
of this implement appears to be to prepare the cylinders by means of keys or nuts up-together on skill in planting, hoeing, or

quired purpose. The teeth are fastened into success in agriculture does not depend al-
for planting, or other cultivation, by lous.
ening the soil of green sward recently turn-

on the inside, and may be removed by ta. sowing, but even in a much greater degree
ed over, without the liability of disarrang roller only is wanting.

king off one or more of the staves, when all upon the knowledge and practice of fertiling the turf, and of exposing the grass again

izing his ground. He will consider that if to view, which attends the common ha ow

On the under side of the frame that

he planted an acre of barren sand, and his

passes or drag. Its operation is, first to press more directly behind the cylinders or rollo

neighbor planied an adjoining acre of a closely the furrow or sod, by acting as a

teeth are also placed, extending down-deep rich soil, his neighbor would receive
roller, while the teeth, in leaving the earth, wards, with the points coming nearly in an ample crop, while he would lose his la-
act as levers, lightening up the soil behind contact with the cylinders, and passing be. bor. If he reflects a little farther on the

subject, he will find out, that by proper
the roller without disturbing the sod—thus tween the rows of teeth thereon, by means
leaving the surface, and to sowe depth, light of which all turf, stones, or other substance, management, bis acre of sand
and ready for the seed.
which might have a tendency to clog them, brought to any degree of fertility, and that

his neighbor's rich acre may, by a contrary
Another important use to which the in. I are removed.
ventor considers it applicable, is, to scarify

This harrow is constructed like the cast.

course, be reduced to barrenness. If he is and lighten up meadow, or grass land, iron roller, except that it has teeth, and the at a loss to know how this change is to be which has become sward-bound, where it cylinder is in two parts, which enables it to cultural Chemistry, and it will unfold the

effected, let him purchase Chaptal's Agriis desirable to continue to use the scythe turn on its centre.

whole mystery in plain and easy language, instead of the plough.

which if he can read it, he cannot fail to It may also be used as, and answer every IMPORTANT TO FARMERS.—Just published,

understand.

S. B.
purpose of, a roller alone, by first removing by Willard, Gray & Co., Boston, a work,
the teeth, which may be readily done. entitled CHEMISTRY APPLIED TO THE Arts.
From the explanations of Mr. Concklin, By John Anthony Chaptal, Count of Chan. The new steamboat Almendares, al Newport, of

380 tons, and 156 feet lons, is a first rite vessel, and
and the appearance of the inodel, we are in telaup, Peer of France, Member of the In- will start tor Cuba in a few days. She is to ply
clined to think very favorably of the imple- || stitute, &c. First American edition, trans between Havana and Matanzas.--{Gazette.]
ment, and would therefore call the attention |lated from the second French edition.
of our readers to the following drawing To every person who is, or ever intends

The Spanish ship Veloz, formerly a steamboat
and description of it.
to be, an agriculturist, we would not only between Havanı and Matanzas, Capt. De Soto, is

edy for sea at Newport. De Soto was one of the
Mr. Concklin was the pantentee of a beau- recommend, but earnestly entreat, to pur. || convicted pirstes

, but pardoned by the President.-tiful portable forge for silversmiths, and oth-lchase a copy of the above work. If he hasil Gazette.

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AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL, AND ADVOCATE OF INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.

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33
31

Vs.

36

parrons and friends or the JOURNAL, and our be judgment of the public, against i he fur. // session of the Legislature, by the time the

ԱՊԱ ՀԱՆՈՒՆ
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT NO. 13 NASSAU STREET, NEW-YORK, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
D. K. MINOR, Lditor.]
SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1836.

VOLUME V.-No. 3.
CONTENTS:

of the Canal from its present vexatious em-lhereafter plead in excuse for their act, their
Editorial Noticre, &c......
B'l width of Railruad Trackr.
brrassments, by an honorable settlement ignorance of my rights.

John RANDEL, jr. On the most exp dillu's plan of transporting Coal with Mr. Randel.

New-Castle, Del., January 30, 1836. w this City; Internal imprurenents in I linvis; L-ler fruin Mr. Hasking in rilation to his com

From the New-Castle Gazette.

wo Editors in places interested in the munication on a new plan of constructing Ruil. John Randel, jr.

trade of this Canal, are risje tiully ie juestruadx..

33 John E. Scherm rhoru's Letter to the slabama

ed to insert the above notice in their respec. Lgislature, in relation to Railroads... The Chesapeake and

live papers. Delaware Canal Com.

John Randel, jr. Enlarg inint of th: Erie Canal, and comparative vicw of'a separate work...

37 | pany: Erdarging the Crie Canal..

33 Baltimore and Ohio Railroad-Document S. ac

TO THE PEOPLE.-The Attachment Cau.

TRUE SYMPATEY.-Should a correspon:corn anying Six. h mual R-pri......

39 ses decided in the State of Delaware, in Leitorf cú Jam-s S-ymour, Division Engineer of which I was plaintiff, and the Garnisteesing feeling pervade every friend 10 our dif.th: N w-York and Eri - Ral vad, in respect to of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal | terent periodicals, to the same extent, it w.ll tha Curvature and Graduation on ihat and sundry oth 'r Roads

Company were defendants, have been dergo very far towards replacing what they

40 Illinois Canal; Upion's Rotatory Lever Engine

cided in my favor by the Supreme Court of have lost. and Biler..

41 the United States, by dismissing those cases Description of it successful Experim-nt, made for want of jurisdiction, with costs—hus

J- Dec. 25, -35. with the lea:-d sir Bia i, at the Oxford Iron Furnace, New-Jersey.. leaving the decision in Delaware, that I

Dear Sir,-Icannot manifest wy sympa.
Agriculture, &r.

have the right to attach the tolls of this Cor-thy with the citizens of New-York general-
poration in the hands of the persons having sly, and you particularly, for the immense

the direction of vessels passing through the loss of property by the late conflagration AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. Canal, final and conclusire.

After a law suit of more than ten years, in satisfactorily to you, than by rewarding the

more convincingly, and perhaps not more NEW-YORK, JANUARY 23, 1836. which every decision on the merits of my industrious for their ioils. At present, how

cause, wlieiher in Delaware or Maryland, 107 Should any of our subscribers have a or in the Supreme Court of the United ever, this appears to me one of the proper surplus copy of No. 6, vol. 4, 1835, of this States, has been in my favor,-after expend you $5 for the fifth volume of the Railroad Journal, they will confer a favor by sending a large amount of money in legal con. Journal. ing it to this office ; six copies only of that my reputation againt this Company, I have the citizens in the attempt to renew the

I hope the late disaster will not dishearten number having been saved from the flames. ai lasi reached the Court in the last resort ; || charter of the New York and Albany Rail

and having obtained the last decis.on, of the road. If the charter should be obtained by We desire to express our trauks to the last Court which can be applied to; in now the friends of the Road at the approaching

give public notice of the faci;—and I invoke other publications, for their very genera!ther continuance of the means which have stock could be put in market ihe loss would

be measureably retrieved. The inhabitants expression of sympathy on account of the been adopted to ruin me. destruction of our property by the late con. This Company now stands, by the judg. along the route in this vicinity are ready to Bagration ; and also for the patience with mept of the Courts, convicted of the charge Co-operate with the citizens in such mea.

sures as may be thought necessary to secure of compelling captains of vessels to pay which they have awaited their re-uppearance Jouble roll, -the very charge which they en

success to the enterprize.

Yours sincerely, after several weeks' delay. deavored to make against me, when they

J. -AIt is our intention to issue them hereafter themselves were the extortioners ! regularly, and as soon as we possibly can || Courts, a right to the tolls to pay my judg. going letter, that renewed efforts will be

I have, according to the decision of the

We also hope, with the writer of the foreon their proper day of publication. It will,

ment, which, as it now amounts, with inter. however, be some time before that can be est and costs unpaid, to more than two hun-made to accomplish this important work.conveniently done.

dred and fifty thousand dollars, it will take It is unquestionably of immense importance

me some years to collect; and I hereby tore- to this city-of which we should suppose no It is much to be regretted that the Canal warn all persons having the direction of ves.

more conclusive evidence would be required Company should try to throw obstacles in ses passing through this Canal, that I will

than is now realized in the very high price enforce my claim, to the end, that such as the way of the liquidation of this claim. pay tolls to the Company or their toll gath- of provisions and fuel, and the difficulty of They should, by all means, release the tradellerers, in violation of the charter, may neverlltravelling between hero and Albany.

42
44

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BEST WIDTH OF RAILROAD TRACKS.

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upon each wheel, and upon the rails—he with the very great and important advanTo the Editor of the Railroad Journal :

carriagcs are rendered more commodioustages to be derived from an increased width

for passengers, and better adapted for the of track. We are, therefore, fully of the opinSir-la a late numbur of the Railroad

conveyance of various kinds of freight, and ion that Mr. Rappey has done well in reJournal, 1 observe a communication from

are in all respects more sase,-the capacity commending the greater width on the Newthe President of the New Orleans and Nash-l of the road for business is at the same time Orleans and Nashville Railroad, and as ville Railroad Company, in which it is increased,-more space is allowed for form- that road must ultimately be continued stated that engineer H. J. Ranney. Esq., of ing the horse track, and the dust and broken north, and unite with the New-York and that road, proposes an increase in the widih materials from the track, are less liable to Erie Road continued west, forming a great of the Railway track, viz. 5.4 feet, instead be thrown upon the rails.

inland communication between the iwo leadof 4 feet 8 inches, the width generally a lopted, and requesting the opinion of pro

The above are the principal advantages; ing commerc.al emporiums of the Co..ed now for the disadvantages.

States, and traversing nearly the full esfessional men on the propriety of the

1st. By widening the track, the difference tent of the Mississippi Valley; we would change. It has long appeared to me thailin curvature between the inner and outer recommend to those interested in the latter our ea gineers were laboring under a mis rails on the curved portion of the track is road, 10 adopt the same width, which in the take in restricting the width of track upon increased, and as it is customary to make present incipient state of affairs, they can our Railroads to 4 ft. My reasons for this line wheels fast to the axles, the resistance do without a sacrifice. As it regards the belief, I will briefly state as follows:

from the sliding of the wheels, &c., in route from Albany 10 Buffalo, it is perhaps 1st. By increasing the width of track, passing the curves, will be increased. This 100 late to make the improvement, but we the maxinan speed for safe traveling is, undoubtedly, the most serious objectico understand the subject has been presented may be increased.

This is owing to the that can be urged. By increasing the width in its proper lightio the Directors of the fact, that with wheels of a given size, the from 4 feet sy inches to 53 feet, the sliding Aubura and Syracuse Railroad Company, breadth of base co.npared with the height will only be increased the one-sixth pari.— by their engineer, E. F. Johnson, Esq., and or elevation of the centre of gravity of the the extent of the minimum radius of cur

that but one sentiment of approvai is enterloid is increased-ihe carria ;e, when under

vature in most roads, is about 400 feet.-tained in relation to it. The Auburn and an equal mution, possesses therefore greater the res siance on a curve of this radius Syracuse Road, being a link in the same stability, and will bear a greater speed lior a level road of the usual widts, has chain with the Mohawk and Hudson and without increasing the danger of “flyin: been found to be about 4} or ó pounds for the Utica and Schenectady Roads, and as ilie the track.”

each ton weight, over and above what it is less widih has beea unfortunately adopied 21. The diameter of the wheels may be upon a straight and level road. Assuming

on those roads, Mr. Johnson, lo whose disenlarged, and the carriage possess equal that the increased resistance is in propor-cretion, we understand, the subject has been stability, and under the same rate of speed lion to the sliding of the wheels, which is eft, may feel it incumbent on bim to conthe engine would make fe ver strokes. The probably as great an allowance, as the cir

form to the standard which has been estabadvantage of this is evident. In high mo- cumstances of the case will warrant; and Lished on the roads n entioned.

We hope, tions, it would resuit in a saving of power. we find the resistance augmented in conse

however, that he will deliberate sully before The inuvement of the piston being slower.quence of widening the track to 5feel he decides. For on our part, we are of opinthe expansive force of the steam would upon the same curve only 12 or 14 ounces, ion that the 95 miles of temporary railway have greater effect. There would be less for each ton weight, and is estimated for from Albany 10 Utica, should have but friction, less wear and tear of the parts of the average curvature of the curved por

liile influence in preventing so essential the engine, more steadiness of motion, and cons of different Railroads, will be found an improvement being made on the 250 less frequent occasions for packing the pis. I not to exceed one or two ounces for each miles which remains to be constructed from con plate, and repairing and tightening the son weight, an amount too small to be put the latter place to Buffalo, besides an equal joints.

in competition with the imporiant advan- extent of lateral branches, which at no dis31. The narrowness of the tracks upon iages to be derived from the greater width. I tant period will be constructed west of

Utica.

SMEaton. our Railroads, has been the cause of great

2. Another objection is the increased

Utica, Jan. 2, 1956. inconvenience in the construction of e-length which must be given to the turns. gines, the space being insullicient for the out. This again is an item of minor im

We are truly obliged to “SMEATON" requisite size, and proper arrangement of portance, the addition to the length not ex- || for the preceding communication. It reits parts. This is a consideration of great ceeding in each case more than 9 or 10lates to a subject of vastly greater impor. importance in a practical point of view, feet.

tance, as we are induced to believe, than it and is entitled 10 great weight.

3d. By widening the track, the cost of has been generally allowed. We recollect 4th. By increasing the width of the forming the road-bed and the superstruc- to have conversed with Mr. Ranney upon track, the motion of the carriages will not

lure will be somewhat increased. On a this subject, when he passed through ihe be as much affected by any slight depres-road-bed 26 feet wide, an ordinary width,|| city last fall on his way to Europe ; and sioa or irregularity in the rails. This is this expense need not be increased for the were much pleased with the bold views likewise a consideration of inportance, par- wider track of 54 feet more than the fortieth which he expressed upon the subject. ticularly in a country where, from the pow-or fiftietha part on the average; and as is

Mr. Ranuey was, and we are, fully of the erful action of the frost, it is so difficult to regards the superstructure, the additional opinion expressed by * Smeaton,” that the preserve a level and even surface to the expense is simply the cost of adding 91.Vew-Orleans and Nashville and the Newroad. The irregularities which may exist inches to the cross-ties, if there are any. York and Erie Railroads are destined 10 form in the surface, will be less liable to be in- which, if they are of wood or iron, will not

paris of one and the same road and there. creased by the working and pitching motion much exceed $100 per mile, for a single core, a corresponding width of track should of the engine and cars, and as the motion track.

be adopted. It is a subject well worihy of the will be less unsteady, more uniform and 4th. 'The remaining objections are scarce- || serious attention of this community; and regular, a favorable effect will be expe- !y deserving of notice—they are the extra cost || especially of those who are interested as rienced, in contributing somewhat to the of carriages, and the cost of 19 inches addi stockholders—we therefore respectfully ask efficiency of the motive power.

tional width of ground. These, like the pre | the attention of engineers to the subject, Eth. Adding to the width of the track, ceding which I have noticed, can have bui|| and offer the columns of the Journal for its sreures a more equal bearing of the load little weight, when placed in competition || discussion.

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