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disposition to resist or disobey; but on the eighty-seven days, or forty-one weeks, with We have extracted the following notice contrary, to become oven attached to their a bull calf; a cow calf comes one week ||of the manufacture of Beet Sugar, desiring master. We need not ask how much more sooner. humane to the animal, or pleasant to the keeper this is, than where a different course ing clean ; too much attention, therefore, before our readers.

The best cow may be spoiled by not milk-/ to bring all the information on the subject is pursued

cannot be paid to this subject. The udder We are under the impression that the It will assist materially in the breaking should be perfectly drained to the very last (white beet, or scarcity, contains more sugar of young cows, to accustom them to be fre-dripping; for besides the extreme injury quently handled from the first year; and to ultimately caused to cows by leavnig a part and less coloring matter than the red beet, enable them to acquire a familiarity with of the milk, the last milk is always far tho the betterave of France. the voice and presence of man. richest, according to the remark of an ex

MANUFACTURE OF BEET-ROOT SUGAR. A heifer should never be allowed to have a perienced Cheshire dairyman, “each succalf till the early part of summer, or if defer. | ceeding drop the cow gives at a milking ex

We are indebted to Mr. Isnard for the red even until nearly the middle, it will be no celling the preceding one in richness." following interesting communication, acdetriment. It will then be inost vigorous, Sore or chapped teats, so common an companied with a number of documents, and there will then be a better supply of nu-evil, may be very effectually prevented by which we regret that we have not room to tritious grass for food, which will cause a washing them perfectly

. clean with cold || nctice at the present time, any farther than more perfect enlargement or swelling of water always before milking, Very bad to say that they fully confirm the statements the udder. The period of gestation in the cases have been thus perfectly cured in a

contained in the letter. cow, is, on an average, two hundred and" few days.

Boston, March 28, 1836. To the Editor of the Daily Advertiser.

Sir,- If you should judge the present communication worthy of attention, it is at your disposal. In order to satisfy yourself concerning the authenticity of my statements I sutjoin documents for your perusal, when at leisure.

The manufacture of Sugar of Beet has ceased to be an object of ridicule ; the ad

vantages that France draws from it are palpable and great, and the benefits which the

manufacturers derive from it are now such From the Cultivator.

pushed by a man or boy, like a wheel-bar-| that the French Minister of the Treasury ROBBINS' CORN PLANTER.

row, but it is much smaller and lighter, MR. BUEL—Sir-Having been applied to 4th. “ Will it answer for planting corn in

has proposed to lay a tax upon it. France by letter, from various sources, for a des- hills of equal distances, in squares, over a

owes this new branch of industry to that cription of " Robbins' Corn Planter and large field?" Yes, it will plant corn in hills, great man whom she will honor through all Drill Barrow," and answers to the follow-dropping from three to four kernels at a time; for, had it not been for his sagacity .ing questions solicited, I have concluded, time, two and an half feet apart; and, by a|and powerful assistance, it would have with your permission, to reply through the littlo experience and attention, being par. ||shared the fate of many other improvemedium of the Cultivator, should you deem ticuluar on starting the rows, the hills mayments lying for ages, or dying in their inthem of sufficient importance to occupy a be placed at right angles and at equal dis-fancy, cnce pronounced by ordinary men small space in one of your columns. Question 1st. "Is Robbins' machine com 5th. “Will it regulate and drop any required

visionary projects. plicated, and liable to get out of repair?" | number of seeds ?” Yes, by using larger

The discovery that beet contains a perAnswer. At first view, it would appear or smaller sized droppers.

fect sugar remained for over sixty years rather complicated; but on further inspec.

6th. “What is the price ?" Fifteen without any useful application ; many attion and a trial, the complication ceases, dollars.

tempts, however, had been made to derive and it becomes very simple. There is, To plant one acre of ruta baga, the rows | the benefit of it ; but those having made however, but one way of placing the band twenty seven inches apart, and the seeds in these attempts, being rather men of science on the pulley, for that must be turned with the drill one inch apart, only from four to than men of business, having operated only the sun, i. e., the band should pass from six ounces of seed is required. . the top of the nave or hub of the large In a letter from a gentleman who has had upon a small scale, with purely, scientific wheel, to the left side of the pully or whir. one of these machines in use for several views, and having made no calculations, eiParticular attention should be paid to this, years, I find the following observation, ther of expenditures or results, they had no as, by placing it the opposite way, the wire which I have taken the liberty of transcrib-ground to proceed upon. I undertook to spring in the small circular box might being.

solve that problem, and to that effect made, injured. The band is shortened or length “ The corn I planted with Robbins' ma- the first in France, an experiment on a ened by twisting or untwisting; The speed | chine, last season, on my farm, exceeded large scale, and by a sufficient reward inmay be accelerated or retarded by placing that planted with the boe, by the acre, at duced a chemist to assist me. the band on the larger or smaller groove on least fifteen bushels, under circumstances the nave and whir. By increasing the mo-|| equally favorable, as to soil and cultivation.

The result of this experiment was transtion of the droppers, the seed will drop And I have conversed recently with a num:mitted to Napoleon on the 19th March, faster, and, of course, nearer together. ber of gentlemen who have used the ma- 1811, and by his order rendered public; r 2d.." What and how many kinds of seeilschine, and tried some experiments, and find and though the birth of his son took place will it sow?Ans. It has six droppers, that the result has been in favor of the ma. on the 21st of this same month, on the 25th with different sized holes, and will plant|chine in all cases, they think, not less than following appeared the decree, a copy of corn, beans, peas, broom-corn, beets, mangle len bushels.” wurtzel, turnips, teazles, onions, carrots,

which is among the subjoined documents.

Such is the description and character of By this decree, as you will perceive, he mulberry, and all kinds of round or oval “ Robbins' Corn Planter and Drill Barrow," || created six experimental factories for the seed not larger than corn or beans, with and I know of nothing wanting to make it more system and correctness than can be perfect, except a roller, which I consider of manufacturing of sugar ; he appointed me done in the usual manner of planting with very essential service to cover and press the director of one of them, which factothe hand and hoe. Une man may easily put the earth on to the seed, which causes a|ry he gave to me in property, as a ré. in five acres in a day, placing the seeds any more rapid vegetation. The roller may be ward for my labor, and for having (per. given distance apart, from two or more attached by an additional expense of $2. fectionne) improved the process for obinches, and in rows two and an half feet The above machines may be obtained a! ||taining the sugar of beet. Such was my apart onė aray, and the rows at such distan- the seed store of Wm. Thoppurn, No. 347||zeal, that my factory in the fall of 1813 ces as may be deemed best. In drills, one North Market-street, and of the subscriber, or more seeds may be dropped, at eight No. 80 State.street, Albany.

was prepared, and all the beet raised by inches asunder.

C. N. BEMENT. me, or contracted for, so as to produce 3d." Is it drawn by a horse ?" No-it is Albany, March, 1836.

1500 lbs. a day of brown sugar, and the


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same refined. The first entry of the al- || quently a more nourishing food for his cat

CORN BREAD. lies into France caused the total ruin oftle, perfectly fitted for fattening them, promy establishment. Up to 1816 political|ducing wonders in that respect, which could

If the editor of the Genesee Farmer events were unfavorable for sugar making, not be expected from beets in their natural

will permit me to occupy a small space in but from that year this manufacture was state.

his valuable journal, I will take the liberty resumed, and has since never ceased to The following is a statement of the re- | to communicate one or two modes to make increase and improve ; it is now compu-ceipt and expenditure of a sugar establish corn bread. They may be interesting to ted that over 300 such manufactories ex- | ment, as reported to the Society for the En

some of its fair readers, and peradventure ist, producing together yearly about from couragement of Manufactures in France || assist them to give more variety to the 18 to 20 millions of pounds of brown su- The whole work was performed in 91 days. || cheer of the domestic board. gar.

Purchase of 500 tons of beet, delivered at Now, sir, since the making of sugar of $3 20,

$1600 00

SNOW BREAD, beet begins to attract the attention of some 1638 days work of men, at 20s.,

This is made by taking a quart of corn agriculturists of the country, I deem it of 455 do. of women, at 125., 364

flour, and mixing intimately with it a table interest for them, and to gratify the curi do. of children, at:5s.,

400 40 | spoonful of lard. Then take two full osity of others, here to state what were Forextra working during the night, 109 20|| quarts of snow and stir it well in the flonr the calculations made in Franee in 1832, 140 cubic feet wood for fuel daily,

with a spoon ; pack it close in the pan or (the latest date of my information, and add (28 cords 3-100 at $16 7-100

oven in which it is to be baked, and suba few observations respecting the benefits

per cord,)

473 20mit it to a quick fire. If managed sucone may derive by the nere culture of Sundry materials for manufactur

cessfully, it will be found to be a far betbeets in this country. It is generally ad ing purposes,

813 60||ter article of its kind, than the famous mitted, viz :

Food for 18 oxen used in the mill, 163 60 | snow soap, which attracted so much of the That one ton, (2000 lbs.) of beet delivered Interest on $3000 at 15 per cent.

attention of our good housewives some at the factory, costs

for wear and tear,

450 00

years ago. It is exceedingly light and That the expenses to work one ton of Rent for buildings,

120 00

spongy, and will require nearly three quarbeet for obtaining its sugar, amount

ters of an hour to bake. Total,

4130 00
That 2000 lbs. beets will yield 100 lbs. Deduct for molasses sold for $320
brown sugar, costing

125 tons pumice at $3 20, 400

Take a quart of meal, a spoonful of Thus one pound of brown sugar, good Value of some materials left, 30 750 lard, and two spoonfuls of yeast; mix quality, costs 7 cents.

with warm water until the dough is quite By’a comparison of the expenses of cul- Produce of 50,000 lbs. brown

soft. Set it in a warm place at night to ture in various parts of France, and on va

sugar at 6 7-10 cents, $3380 00|| rise, and bake it in a pan or in cakes in an rious soils and situations, the average ex- Sale of 36,000 lbs. 1st quali

oven for breakfast. Both this and the expenses of cultivating there the extent of

ty, at 15 cents,


snow bread bake very well in a stove. an American acre of land, are as follows: Sale of 14,000 2nd quality,

ELIZE. Rent and taxes, $5 00; ploughing and

at 10 cents,

1400 6800

Virginia, 3 mo. 1. harrowing, $2 88: manure, $1 93; sowing, 50 cents; weeding and hoeing, $2 40; Profit,

$3420 00 gathering, $1 60; carting, $2 56 ; far

During the months of December and

Should this notice be favorably received, | January last, the average number of permer's profit, $4. Making a total of $21 47. I have at your disposal a few particulars sons who passed from Brussels to Malines,

The produce varies according to the respecting the cultivation of beets. by the Railroad, was never under 800 every quality of the soil, the quantity of manure

I am respectfully, sir,

day. The total nun,ber of passengers in used, and the care bestowed on the culture

your most obd't. serv't., December was more than 28,000, in January -as we have taken the average of the ex


more than 29,000; this will probably be sur. penses, so we must take the average of the French Vice Consul for Boston.

passed in the present month. produce, which is of 7 tons. Some lands yield as much as 15 tons.

The Augsburg Gazelle states that it has received

Lidings up to the 3d of March from Patras, which The four dollars profit the French far

contradict the rumors of an insurrection in Greece. mer derives from this culture, on every acre, is far from being the only one ; the others

J. Buel, Esq.--- If you deem the follow- Four hundred Klopths in order to escape from the ing hints on grafting of any practical utility,|| territory. But the garrison of Missolonghi instant

troops had flung themselves on the Greek are,

they are at your service, the whole, or any ly took up arms and repelled the marauders wich 1st. The good state in which the field is

loss. left after gathering the beets-no further The method which I have practised, with manure being wanted for the succeeding| excellent success, for eight years past, is as crop, which crop experience has proved to follows. I cut my cions as late in April as Twill be rewrice

at the Tetlice Sor the commissioners be always more abundant and of a better they can be, before the buds begin to swell of the Tillinois & Michigan Canal, from the 25th of May to quality when succeeding the culture of beets, and keep them with the but ends in the the 6th of June next, for the construction of eight miles of

the summit division of said Canal, extending from the point earth, in a damp cellar. When the season of commencement on Chicago River, to the Des Plains Riv owing to the destruction of the noxious commences for setting, which is as soon as

er; and also of six or eight miles of the lower end of said

division, extending from the mouth of the Saganaskee weeds removed by weeding the beets when the leaves begin to start, I set my grafts. | Swamp down the valley of the Des Plaines. young, and prevented from growing, by the I use a composition of two parts rosin, one The work consists principally of deep excavation, a con. thick foliage of the beet when strong. of beeswax, and one of tallow, melted in a il autention of contractors.

siderable portion of which is rock, and is well worthy the

Plans, profiles and specifications, giving all the necessa 2d. The facility afforded the cultivator small kettle, and applied hot, with a small to apply to the culture of beet lands, which brush, which any one can make in five ce foruyavien to those wishing to obtain contracts on this

ininutes, nicely painting over the end of the sioners, after the 25th of May next; and conu actors are he formerly let lie fallow, and consequently,|| branch cut off, so as to cover the split, and respectfully solicitet to make a minute personal examinawithout any additional expenses of rent and

prevent the air or wet from getting in. By By order of the Board of Commissioners of the lilinois taxes, deriving as good a revenue from this this method, one can set much faster than Canal. Allest:


Secretary to said Board. land as from any other producing the most. in the usual way of applying the compo

N. B.- Any person wishing to procure coptes of the above 3d. The advantages the cultivator de- sition cold-it requires less of it, and of || 29 letter slicets, can obtain them by applying at the Canal · rives by the purchase from the manufacturer apples or pears, not more than from five to Ofice.-Chicago, April 19, 1836.

of the pumice of beet at a price not higher ten per cent. need be lost. On other fruits than beets, when experience has proved | what I have, believe it will succeed equally I have not had much experience, but from

SMITH & VALENTINE, this pumice is worth for him fifty per cent. | well.


Respectfully, more; for in fact it is after all but beet de.

Levi Hopkins. Are prepared to execute orders in their line, prived of two thirds of water, and conse Mentz, March 8, 1836.

at 212 Grand street, New-York.


part of them.

n.6 125






NOTICE is hereby given, that on the 20th day of From New-Haven to Meriden, eighteen miles of June nexi, at the Town of Chicago, in the State of Builder of a superior style of Passenger this Railroad is now located, and is expected to be Illinois, the following described Property will be sold

Cars for Railroads. ready for contract about the 25th of May. The atten- at Public Auction, to wit : tion of contractors is invited to this work. A more All the unsold Town Lois in the original Town of

No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street, definite advertisement of the time when proposals are Chicago; and also the Town Löts on fractional Sec

New-York. to be received, will hereafter appear.

tion No. Fifteen, in the Township No. Thirty-nine, RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to eraJAMES BREWSTER, Agent.

North of Range Fourteen, East of the Third principal mine these Cars; a specimen of which may be seen New-Haven, April 27, 1836.

m1643t Meridian adjoining the said Town of Chicago. The on that part of the New York and Harlaem Railroad

sale will commence on the said 20th day of June, and now in operation. [Editors to whom this is MARKED, are repuested to

J25_1 give it three insertions, and send their bills to James will be continued

from day to day, until all the PropBrewster, President Railroad Company,

erty has been offered for sale or disposed of. This
property is held by the Sute of Illinois for canal pur-|COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delaware,


poses, and is offered for sale in conformity to the pro- with a capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared to ex

vision of a Statute Law of the said State, authorizingecute in the first style and on liberal terms, at their BOAT SPIKES.

such a sale. The terms of sale are one-fourth of the extensive Finishing Shops and Foundries for Brass and stantly for sale a very extensive assortment of Wrought bearing an interest of six per centum per annum, pay- and for CASTINGS of every description in Brass or The Troy Iron and Nail Factory keeps con- | sale, and the residue in three annual instalments, Iron, situated in the town of Newcastle, Delaware, all

orders for LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam Engines, Spikes and Nails, from 3 to 10 inches, manufactured || able annually in advance. by the subscriber's Patent Machinery, which after

Those who are unacquaiuted with the situation of the Iron RAILROAD WORK of all kinds finished in five years successful operation, and now almost uni-| above mentioned Property, are informed that those the best manner, and at the shortest notice. versal use in the United States, (as well as England, Lots which are described as belonging to the original

Orders to be addressed to where the subscriber obtained a patent,) are found Town of Chicago, are situated in the best built and

MR. EDWARD A. G. YOUNG, superior to any ever offered in market. business part of the Town. Section Fifteen is a

Superintendent, Newcastle, Delaware. Railroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes dry ridge, commencing near the harhor, and extend

feb 20-ytf having countersink heads suitable to the holes in ironing south, one mile, along the shore of Lake Michiganrails, to any amount and on short notice. Almost all By order of the Board of Commissioners of the Illi.

AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS, the Railroads now in progress in the United States are nois and Michigan Canal.

SPADES, &c. fastened with Spikes made at the above named fac


JOEL MANNING, tory-for which purpose they are found invaluable,

Treasurer to said Board. 300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Shovels as their adhesion is more than double any common Chicago, March 17th, 1836.

13--80 150 do do do plain do spikes made by the hammer.

150 do do do cast steel Shovels & Spades ** All orders directed w the Agent, Troy, N. Y.,


150 do do Gold-mining Shovels will be punctually attended to.

100 do do plated Spades HENRY BURDEN, Agent.

50 do do socket Shovels and Spades. Troy, N. Y., July, 1831.


Together with Pick Axes, Churn Drills, and Crow Spikes are kept for sale, at factory prices, by I.

Bars (steel pointed,) mannfactured from Salisbury re& 3. Townsend, Albany, and the principal Iron Mer:

fined iron- for sale by the manufacturing agents, chants in Albany and Troy; J. I. Brower, 2:22. Water der the old title, but with extended dimensions, the In proposing to establish a SEMI-WEEKLY paper un

WITHERELL, AMES & CO. street, New-York; A. M. Jones, Philadelphia; T. subscriber acknowledges the favors of the past, and

No. 2 Liberty street, New-York. Janviera, Baltimore; Degrand & Smith, Boston.

BACKUS, AMES & CO. P. S.-Railroad Companies would do well to for-solicits the continued patronage of a liberal public.

No. 8 State street, Albany. ward their orders as early as practicable, as the sub. The reasons that induced him about a year since to

N. B.-Also furnished to order, Shapes of every deestablish his weekly paper, operates with renewed scriber is desirous of extending the manufacturing so as to keep pace with the daily increasing demand for and increasing force in favor of his present design. scription, made from Salisbury refined Iron. 4-ytt

He shall endeavor, as it was originally intended, to his Spikes.

make his paper American in all things ; and by iden1J23am H. BURDEN.

ARCHIMEDES WORKS. tifying itself with the interests and circumstances of Chicago-which from a recent wildnerness has ad

(100 North Moor street, N. Y.) RAILROAD CAR WHEELS AND vanced to a population of thirty-five hundred-and

New-YORK, February 121h, 1836, BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD of the rich, extensive, and rapidly developing country THE undersigned begs leave to inform the proprieCASTINGS.

of which it is the emporium, he hopes it may “growtors of Railroads that they are prepared to furnish all

with their growth, and strengthen with their strength." kinds of Machinery for Railroads, Locomotive Engines Also, AXLES furnished and fitted to wheels com

As a record of passing events, curreut literature, of of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in success. plete at the Jefferson Cotton and Wool Machine Fac. the march of agriculture,commerce and manufactures, ful operation

on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, tory and Foundry, Paterson, N. J. All orders ad- and especially of the progress of internal improvements, none of which have failed—Castings of all kinds, dressed to the subscribers at Paterson, or 60 Wall of which this State, by her recent passage of the act Wheels

, Axles; and Boxes, furnished at shortest notice. street, New York, will be promptly attended to.. for the construction of the “ Mlinois and Michigan 4-ytf


Canal,” has commenced her great and auspicious sys. Also, Flange Tires, turned complete. tem, it will aim, as ever, to be accurately and early

RAILWAY IRON. J8 ROGERS, KETCHUM & GROSVENOR. informed, and thus endeavor to consult alike the tastes and wants of the community with which it is identified. 95 tons of 1 inch by : inch. Flat Bars in lengths

200 do '11 do do of 14 to 15 feet, counter NEW-YORK AND ERIE RAILROAD. With party, as generally understood, it will have as

do 11 do little to do as possible. Its politics will be the Consti

do sunk holes, ends cut at TO CONTRACTORS.-Proposals will be

800 do 2 do do an angle of 45 degrees, ceived at the Engineer's Office of the New-York and tution—its party, the Country.

do 23 do With this brief explanation of its future course, and 800

4 do Erie Railroad Company, in the village of Binghamp-|| his thanks for the more than expected encouragement

with splicing plates and

soon expected nails to suit. ton, on and until the 30th day of June next, for gra

250 do. of Edge Rails of 36 lbs. per yard, with the ding 69 miles of the Railroad, from the village of Owe- he has already received, the subscriber again ventures go, in Tioga County, to the village of Deposit in Dela. || to solicit the continued patronage and extended sup requisite chairs, keys, and pins.

port of all who may feel an interest in the principles Wrought Iron Kims of 30, 33, and 36 inches diam. ware County.

eter for Wheels of Railway Cars, and of 60 inches Proposals will also be received at the Engineer's here set forth. Office, in Monticello, on and until the 11th day of July

It will be enlarged and otherwise greatly improved, | diameter for Locomotive Wheels.

Axles of 21, 24, 25, 3, 31, 34, and 31 inches in dinext, for grading 48 miles of the Railroad through the land printed on superior paper, and forwarded to dis? county of Sullivan, extending from the Delaware and tant subscribers by the earliest mails, enveloped in a lameter, for Railway Cars and Locomotives, of patent Hudson Canal up the valley of the Neversink, and strong wrapper.

TERMS. The AMERICAN will be published Semi The above will be sold free of duty, lo State Gov. thence to the mouth of the Callikoon Creek, on the

WEEKLY, at $4 per annum, if paid at ihe time of sub ernments and Incorporated Governments, and the Delaware River.

drawback taken in part payment. Plans and prufiles of the line above mentioned, I scribing; $5 if paid at the expiration of six montlis, or

A. & G. RALSTON, slaked out in convenient sections, wi.h printed forms $6 if payment is delayed to the end of the year.

9 South Front street, Philadelphia. ** Any person procuring five subscribers and re. of the contracts, will be ready for exhibition at the said

Models and samples

of all the different kinds of offices twenty days before the days of letting above mitting the pay in advance, will be entitled to a sixth

copy gratis, or a deduction of TEN PER CENT. Rails, Chairs, Pins, Wedges, Spikes, and Splicing specified. The Company reserve the privilege of accepting the paper fifteen months.

Persons at a distance remitting a $5 bill will receive Plates, in use both in this country and Great Britain, only such proposals as they may deem for their advan

will be exhibited to those disposed to examine them. All sums to the amount of $10 and upwards may

4-07 Imeowr tage. New-York, 26th April, 1836. be sent through the Post Office, at my expense.


JAMES KING, President.
Chicago, March 25, 1836.


NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS FOR EXCAVA Subscriptions and Advertisements for the Chi.

April 25, 1836.
CAGO AMERICAN will be received at the Office of the

PROPOSALS will be received at this Office until
Railroad Journal, 132 Nassau street, by
PROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the


the 10th May, for the graduation and masonry of 20 Munroe Railroad Company, Macon, Geo., between

miles of the Road, including a deep cnt at the sumthe 19th and 21st of May next, for Excavating and


This division of the road commences in this State Embanking the whole of the Railroad from Macon to

MACHINE SIIOP. Forsyth, a distance of 25 miles, embracing much heavy

and ends in Pennsylvania ; running through a high, graduation.

WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to orde-, healthy country, abounding in chcap provisions. For further information, apply to IRON CASTINGS for Gearing Mills and Factories of

Satisfactory recommendations must accompany the DANIEL GRIFFIN, every description.

proposals of those, who are unknown to the underResident Engineer. ALSO,Steam Engines and Railroad Castings of signed.

ISAAC TRIMBLE, J. EDGAR THOMSON, every description.

Chief Engineer. C. Engineer. The collection of Patterns for Machinery, is not

WM. GIBBS MCNEILL, Hogan, Marek 29th, 1826, 11-50

I5-tm 10 equalled in the United States,

Consulting Eng

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SATURDAY, MAY 7, 1836.

(VOLUME V.-No. 18.



and utility of Locomotive Engines on Rail-11 engine, which may exercise more or less Editoral Notices ; Pambour on Locomotive En roads.

influence on the expected effect; and we gines, on Railways......

..... 273 The work contains about 360 pages, small | shall then also treat of some external cirTo the President, Directors and Company of the

octavo, with four plates, exhibiting a Loco- cumstances, the result of which may be of Auburn and Syracuse Railroad.......

274 Opening of Buffalo Harbor and Erie Canal..... 275

motive Engine complete, and also in detail, the same nature. Railway Tunnels ; Scrivner's Wrought Iron or each part separate.

"Lastly, we shall speak of the fulcrum Railway Chairs; Adhesion on Railways ; New The cost of the English edition is $4, of the motion, or of the force of adhesion of Railway Locomotive......

276 || which will prevent its coming into general the wheel to the rails; and our last chapCentrifugal Force of Revolving Bodies ; Lowell, Massachusetts, No. II...........

use in this country, and we are therefore in- ter will contain a calculation of the quan

277 Fundamental Principles of the Prussian School

duced to re-publish the book, in a form tity of fuel required for the traction of given System ; Depth of Mines........

279 which will bring it before the Railroad com- loads. Select Committee of the House of Commous on munity at a much less cost.

“These inquiries will be sufficient to Arts aud Manufactures...

280 The following extract gives a good i lea | solve all the most important questions conApples for Stock ; Agriculture, etc...

of the work:-

cerning the application of locomotive enAdvertisemeuts.....

“ The plan we inlend to follow in the gines to the draft of loads.

“They will sometimes be necessarily course of this work will, we hope, render AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. it both clear and methodical.

subdivided into several branches, and reNEW-YORK, MAY 7, 1836.

“We shall begin by a description of a lo- quire calculation and theoretical illustra. comotive engine; and we shall acquaint

tions, of more or less extent, though always the reader with the means by which ihe plain and easy, and a series of experiments NEW WORK ON LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES.

of steam may be accurately meas

more or less numerous; but we shall take pressure We have in press, and will shortly repub-ured, so that, before we go any farther, he care to maintain, all along our work, the lish from the London edition, a valuable will be able to see the elements from which || classification we at present lay down.” work on Locomotive Engines, by the Chev. the power of the mover we are to employ is F.M. G. DE PAMBOUR, formerly a student derived.

SUGAR FROM Urine.-It has long been of the Ecole Polytechnique, late of the

“Our attention will afterwards be direct- ascertained, that the urine of persons af. Royal Artillery, on the staff in the French ||ed towards the resistances which that mo- flicted with Diabetes, contained pure sugar. Service, Knight of the Royal Order of the

ver must overcome in its motion, so that I The following account of a loaf of sugar Legion d'Honneur, etc., during a residence

we shall successively endeavor to discover from such a source, shows that the manuin England for scientific purposes.

as well the resistance of the waggons, as facture has increased. Indeed, the sugar

that which belongs to the engine itself, ei- would, for cheapness of the raw material, AUBURN AND SYRACUSE RAILROAD.— Thether when it moves alone, or when it draws | rival that either from the beet, cane, or InReport of E. F. Johnson, Esq., Chief Engi. || a load after it.

dian corn; but unfortunately, Diabetes is a neer of the Auburn and Syracuse Railroad, “ These points first established, we shall disease of rare occurrence, and with the will be found in this number of the Jour-pass to the general theory of the movement exception of a few local instances, we are pal.

of locomotive engines, and we shall lay convinced that the supply from this source

down the formulæ by which to determine, may be considered as absolutely nothing, PAMBOUR ON LOOomotive Engines, on a priori, either the speed the engine will ac M. Peligot, a chemist, has presented to RAILWAYS.-We have received a valuable quire with a given load, the load it will the Societie Philomathique a loaf of sugar, work, by the Chevalier de Pambour, on Lo-draw at a given speed, or the proportions which he had extracted from the urine of a comotive Engines. It is the result of a se. which are to be adopted in its construction patient now in the hospital of La Charite,

afflicted with the Saccharine Diabetes.ries of experiments, recently made by him | 10 make it answer any intended purpose. This man voids about 20 quarts of urine a in England, with a view of obtaining more “After that, we shall have to consider day, of which 5 parts in every 100 is su. eorrect information in relation to the power several additional dispositions proper to the gar.


TO THE PRESIDENT, Directors, AND Com-|| A greater width was deemed desirable, but It appears from the above that bearly PANY OF THE AUBURN AND SYRACUSE RAIL-| as the Auburn and Syracuse road is to be a two thirds of the whole extent of the Au

link in the same chain with the roads nen- burn and Syracuse Railroad is straight GENTLEMEN, — In compliance with in- tioned, it was concluded to adopt the stand.line,—the relative amount of straight line structions, I present herewith a statementard which had been established on those being but 12 per cent. less than upon the of operations in the Engineer Department roads.

Utica and Schenectady road. The mini. of the Auburn and Syracuse Railroad for The timber for the railway is to be de- ||mum radius of curvature, on the former, is the past year.

livered, the most of it, the coming fall, and 1000 feet, the curves ranging generally be. The Engineer Department of the Auburn the balance early in the season following. tween 1500 and 5000 feet radius. In those and Syracuse Railroad was organized, and The distance from the principal depot, in places where the inclination of the grade surveys commenced, in April, 1835. The the village of Auburn, to the site of the line is greatest, curves of a lesser radius measurements, examinations, &c., prepara-contemplated depot in the village of Syra- have been avoided. tory to the final location, occupied the suc-cuse, is 25.73 miles.

In passing from one straight line to anceeding six months. On the 15th day of The total descent in that distauce is 271|other, the transition, instead of being made October, 1835, proposals were received for feet, making an average descent, supposing | as usual, by a single arc of a circle, has in the grading, bridges, and culveris, inclu- | the inclination of the road to be uniform, general been effected by three or more arcs. ding the labor and materials of every de- of 10.54 feet per mile.

the radii of the extreme arcs being greater scription necessary to complete the roadbed. The maximum inclination of the grade than the middle, or intermediate opes.

In December and January, the excavation | line is 30 feet per mile. This extends This gives an approximation to the elliptic was commenced on a few of the more ex- only 8600 feet, or is miles, and occurs on or parabolic curve. The engine and train, pensive sections, with a view of advancing the west side of the valley of the nine mile on entering a curve of this description, enthe work upon them, and to avoid thereby | creek.

counters the resistance caused by the change any delay in the opening of the road, which There are in the whole length of the in direction gradually, being less liable to would result from those sections not being|| road 31 changes in the inclination of the be thrown from the track, and on leaving completed in the proper time with the grade line, to adapt it, in the best manner, the curve, the acceleration in the motion, others.

to the shape of the ground. These changes on being relieved from the resistance, is The advantages anticipated from this vary from a level to the maximum above likewise rendered more gradual.

The course have not, in consequence of the ex-stated.

method adopted in tracing the curves, rentraordinary deep snows, and severity of the There is, in general, the sanie average dered this arrangement perfectly feasible, past winter, been fully realized.

descent on all portions of the line. This and afforded a line in general beiter adaptMuch work has, however, been done. appears from the fact, that the grade lineed to the shape of the ground. The first payment to contractors was made of the road does not depart from a line of

The principal depot in Auburn is situated on the first of January, since which time, uniform inclination further, on the average, near the site of the State Prison. · This three successive payments have been made.than 10 feet. The maximum being pre-point is favorably located for uniting with The work is now rapidly progressing, op cisely 24 feet.

the contemplated road running west to Romost of the sections. The remainder will

The several consecutive inclinations are chester and Buffalo. be commenced as soon as the company have united by vertical curves, of a large radius, From this depot the road is to be extend. acquired a title to the land, which it is be- to render the transition of the carriages and led to the termination of the Auburn and lieved will not be long, as the legal meas-engines from one to the other as easy, and Owasco Canal, to accommodate the byures for effecting that object, rendered ne-with as little resistance as possible.

draulic power which will soon be created cessary in those cases where the parties fai! The total amount of straight line and at that point. to efect a compromise, are in a train of ex-||curves is exhibited in a tabular form as

In proceeding from Auburn easterly, the ecution. follows:

line of the road passes, at the distance of . It is proper 10 state, that the sections of


5 miles, near the village of Brutus. At the the road on which the work is not now ac

Straight line,

15.976 cually progressing, are, with one or two ex

distance of 8} miles it crosses the outlet of Curved do. radius, 10,000 ft.

Skaneateles Lake, 41 miles north of Skan. ceptions, of the lighter and less expensive

0.379 character, and the delay in obtaining the

5000 ft. 10 10,000 ft., 2.670

eateles village, and 13 miles south of the land will not therefore prove as serious an

3000 ft. to 5000 st. 2.394

village of Elbridge. At the distance of 15 inconvenience, as it might under different

1500 ft. to 3000 ft., 3.067

miles from Auburn, and 107 miles from Sy1000 ft. to 1500 ft., 1.248 9.758

racuse, circumstances.

it crosses, by an embankment, the

valley of the nipe mile creek, at a point The contractors are efficient, business

Total, men, of much experience in their profes

iwo miles north of Marcellus village. 25.734

From thence it passes along the east side sion, and well recommended upon other

Comparing this with the Utica and Scheworks where they have been engaged. nectady Railroad, which is among the most

of the creek, intersecting the Seneca turnIn January last, proposals were received, favorable in respect to straightness, and thence occupying ground midway between

pike near the village of Camillus, and and contracts made, for the delivery of the the result is as follows :timber for the railway, or superstructure,

the turnpike and the Erie capal, through sufficient to construct a single track. These

Por centage of straight || the village of Geddes, to its termination on line and curve.

the south side of the canal, in the village contracts were made on favorable terms,

Auburn and Utica and and it is believed with responsible men, and

of Syracuse. Syracuso Schenectad.

Railroad. Railroad. The difference, in the distance from Auno apprehensions of failure are entertained. Straight line,


74 burn to Syracuse, between the railroad and White Cedar and Red, or Norway Pine, Curved do. radius,

turnpike, is less than half of a mile, the is the timber proposed to be used. The

10,000 ft. and over, rail timbers are to be exclusively of the lat.

5000 to 10,000 ft.,

turnpike being the shortest. ter material.

3000 to 6000 ft.,

7 The ground on which the Railroad is lo. 1500 to 3000 ft., 12

cated, was selected with the greatest care, The width proposed for the rail track is 1000 to 1500 ft.,

5 the same as upon the Utica and Schenecta

and it is confidently asserted that no other

700 to 1500 ft., dy, and Mohawk and Hudson Railroads.

Railroad can be made between the same Total, looma -100

extreme points which can compete with it


and over,

1 15

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