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sidered as his own proper domain. The country, had never denied that yet, but not to flatter them- two unhappy men. Presently the father of the people flocked in with urgent entreaties for his in- selves with the hope of mercy. The commandant Christino Captain, old Ximenes, the most devou d iorference to rid them of this annoyance-he did then answered, that they surrendered. But how of the Carlisis, announced himself at the door. not require much persuasion; but the enemy's col.l men who had defended themselves desperately, and • When I heard that Ximenes was come I could umns were hovering about; Zumalacarregui had who had no chance for their lives, missed the oppor- | not help feeling a thril! of horror, and we were all but a small force with him at the time; and the at-|| cunity of shooting the Carlist leader, who was not about retiring, when the prisoners begged us to lempt must at least have been delayed, tut for the above fifty yards from them, firing downwards, remain. The meeting and the parting of the zeal of a veteran smuggler, Ximenes, who, with a when it is so much easier to him, and a bullet car-father, for the last time on this side of the grave, sturdy youth, his son, offered to conduct a detach- ries so much straighter than in a horizontal direc- from a son--who, however divided in opinions, and ment by a safe byway.

tion, has always been a matter of surprise to me, sinning in his political tenets, was still united :o 'I shall never forget,' says our author, 'one old particularly as several shots were fired afterwards him in blood and in affections, which he in vain woman, dressed almost in rags, her grey hair float- | by them.

tried to control and to smother, this was a healto ing dishevelled about her neck, who came up to • When ladders were placed to the church roof, || rending scene. Ximenes had sacrificed his for. che captain of a company with whom I was in and the volunteers went up to receive their arms, tune, and the ease and independence of his old age conversation, and probably mistaking him for a su- | they shot one soldier, and an officer was wounded; I to his duty-and he now saw his eldest and once perior officer, doubled her shrivelled hand in his | the men who had fired were bayoneled on the spot best beloved son, about to suffer death, with the face, and shrieked out a volley of insulting epithets, -one in particular, who defended a narrow ledge; consciousness that he had done his part to bring which she concluded by invoking La malediccion and was struck in the breast by a volunteer, fell him to a punishment so bitter. He had resolved de Dios ” on all our heads, if we retired like falsos, | from the top to the boitom of the steeple headlong at first not to trust himself with an interview, and left a single one of the blacks alive. Having at our feet; the rest made no resistance. Three but the prayer of his son, against whom ali inquired of a bystander who was this fanatic? we women (one a Carlist prisoner) and four children animosity was now buried, he had been unable were informed that she was an old weaver, of a had perished, and above thirty of the garrison, ei. Lo refuse. Ximenes, whom I have known much neighboring village, whose only son had been shot ther by the smoke or the flames, or the shot of the of both before and since, is a man who, although that day fortnight-having been dragged from his assailants. Thuse that remained were so blacken- | advanced in the vale of years, is still hale and bed by some of the Urbanos ; it was supposed fored by the smoke, that they presented a most ghast- || healthy-short of stature, sharp featured, and gray having carried tobacco to the Carlists.'

ly appearance, when, with considerrble difficulty, haired; but I shall never forget when he entered The detachment approached the village, and they were got down over the roof of the church, the room, his son's throwing himself at his feet, and found that the Urbanos had fortified themselves in which, although the steeple was burning for ten or the expression of his countenance as the tears startshe church-while Ximenes made the discovery ||cwelve hours, had never taken fire. The command led to his eyes and rolled over his weather beaten that his own eldest son was their commandant !- ant and his licutenant were brought before the ge- cheeks; in an instant they were locked in each Forth with,

neral, who inquired whether the garrison had been other's embrace; retiring into the alcove they con*The two four-pounders taken at Vittoria, and acting all along by their orders. The commandant || versed earnestly for some time, but not, from what which at that time were all the artillery, were hesitated, but the ex-schoolmaster boldly replied, I involuntarily gathered until the last, about the brought to bear on the church-gates, which were 'Yes: they acted by our orders.' The former was possibility of saving him. As the father took leave lined with heavy sheets of iron. The gates having a short man, about four-and-thirty, his form athletic of him we heard him distinctly and earnestly say, been burst open, with the loss of three men wound- and his bones all thickly set; he was dressed in blue - Is there no hope, then? Pide usted a Dios?! ed only, our volunteers rushed into the church, but trowsers and zamarra. The smoke to which he You must pray for it to God ! replied the old they were only able to surprise one or two of the had been all night exposed, had swollen his eyelidsman, as he tore himself away. When he was gone, enemy, the rest having retreated into the steeple, and darkened his face. This was the son of Xime. I we sent up the larger pari of our supper to the priof which the staircase had been broken away, and nes; on the whole, he presented the idea of a bold soners, who had their rations, but which they could where they had most strong!y barricaded them- | and determined ruffian. The schoolmaster, who only get cooked soldier fashion. We had much selves. As they obstinately refused to surrender, was also below the middle stature, had an open and conversation with them. The commandant seem. and it would have taken too long to undermine the prepossessing countenance, and he behaved in eve ed much more tranquil after this interview; and massive walls of the old steeple-in which act the lry respect with the firmness of a man; while the his lieutenant preserved the same sang-froid as at approach of some Christino column would probably captain occasionally betrayed signs of weakness, first. A day, or two days after, having been tried have interrupted us—it was resolved to set fire to it

. which I should scarcely have expected after his by the auditor of war, the prisoners were shot. Piles of wood, tow, goat-skins full of brandy, and gallant defence, for such it incontestibly was. • I have often seen old Ximenes sir cs. He still other inflammable natter, were piled at the foot of "". Have you any thing to say in your defence ?" || continues to serve us with the same zeal, and has the steeple, from the interior of the church ; and inquired the general. The reply of the lieutenant | been on many and dangerous expeditions, but he the Baron de Los Vales, * having just arrived, was was, “That he neither begged for mercy, nor did | is visibly altered, and has always a settled gloom entrusted with the commission of setting fire to it. he suppose it likely that pardon would be granted and melancholy in his countenar.ce. I have heard The besieged had no doubt of being relieved be- him. They might, however, do worse than let him that Lorenzo had offered him a large sum of money fore day break, and therefore were loud in their live; he had no affection either for the Queen or to gain him over; this had come to Zuma lacarrejokes against the Carlists, lo whom they called for Don Carlos, but where chance had thrown him, gui's knowledge, through the intelligences he kept out, “ Mountain thieves! sons of monks ! rebels! that party, as they had seen, would he serve; if | up in the heart of the adverse parly, and he had you will soon have to run back to your mountains they chose to try him, and let hin live, he would reproached Ximenes with not having informed him -the columns are advancing.'

serve the King like a soldier ; if they shot him, | Ofir.' Night closed in—but it brought no intermission like a soldier he would die.' And you ?' said the of the assault-by and by

general to the captain. 'I only surrendered,' re New IRON STEAMBOAT.—The wrought iron 'The shrieks of some who had taken refuge inplied Lorenzo Ximenes, because I was promised || steamboat, ordered from England by the the flames, as well as the women and children who You may judge from my behavior whether I would (in pieces) at Savannah, last week, on

Steamboat Company of Georgia, arrived saw the devouring element raging below, were heard at intervals ; and although orders were given ly understood so.' 'It is false," hastily interrupted board the British ship Alcyone, Captain to fire only on the men, it was often impossible to the general; who did I speak to myself? To me," Muir from Liverpool. Her length is 120 distinguish the dark agures that fitted before the said the lieutenant. And did you say to the feet, her beam 26 feet, and her depth 74 light, endeavoring to breathe an instant oui of the commandant that I had offered quarter ?' 'No; || feet. It is estimated by her builders that smoky atmosphere. It was repeatedly proposed to I told him that you had refused is our lives, and she will draw, with all her machinery and them to let the women and children out, but this we should both have perished there, only the smoke every thing on board, e feet 3 inches. She they refused. The bells had all fallen in, and pack. had grown intolerable: this is the truth, or you will have an engine of 46 English horse wards morning a few faint cries of “Viva el Rey!"||ned with his hand for them to be removed. You power, on the low pressure principle. were heard from the women, and the commandant will remember my father and brother ?' said Lo RULE FOR DETERMINING THE WEIGHT or of the Tower inquired if quarter would be given renzo, imploringly: 'If I have done wrong they|HAT.-Hay in the field-rick, says Low, them? He was answered « No; the men had none have served the king faithfully. The whining weighs somewhat better than 122 lbs. the carregui who had besieged them, and which was favorably with the bold and frank demeanor of his cubic yard; after being compressed in the he?. The general had just arrived, and most im- tellow captive. If your father and brother had stack, it weighs from 140 to 180 lbs. and prudently went beyond the corner of the church, been taken,' said the general, 'your treason would when old 200 lbs. exclaiming “ Aquiestay!" -Here I ain! The com- have been no palliation of their loyalty.' The mandant then said they could bear the heat and schoolmaster, I remember, held a paper cigar be

TO CONTRACTORS. smoke no longer, and asked if they would be allow-tweer his fingers (for at all times and seasons the

ENGINEER DEPARTMENT, BALTIMORE AND BUSQUEed the consolations of religion before they suffered Spaniur is smoke), and was looking round for a

HANNA RAILROAD COMPANY, death. Zumalacarregui replied, that the Carlists light. The general took his own cigar from his

April 25, 1836. mouth and handed it to him to ignite his by; he PROPOSALS will be received at this Office until * This is the French officer who has published bowed respectfully as he returned it to him. Think | the 10th May, for the graduation and masonry of 20 A volume entitled “The Career of Don Carlos," on what I have said, general,' cried, he as they miles of the Road, including a deep cut at the sumand coniaining some very interesting chapters were led away. It was eviden: ihat Zumalacarre- mit. especially one on Doo Carlos's escape from London, Igui was strongly prepossessed in his favor; he gized This division of the road commences in this State and incognito journey through France to the seat after him with that intense and pen trating look so and ends in Pennsylvania ; running through a high, of war. We have great doubis, however, whether peculiar to him, and muttered a few words, in healthy country, abounding in chcap provisions. Princo Talleyrand was not perfectly well aware of which, 'What a pity for that lad!' alone was au- | proposals of chose, who are unknown w the underall that was going on. If Carlos be finally over-dible.'

signed.

ISAAC TRIMBLE thrown in Spain, nothing can prevent his resuming Henningsen happened to be one of the officers of

Chief Engineer. all his natural rights as First Prince (after the ex- | the watch ihat night, and he and his comrade had

WM. GIBBS MCNEILL, ilo as Prague) of the House of Bourbon. llestablished themeslves in the same house with these 15-tmd0

Consulting Eng

OF VOLUME II. OF THE

TO BE PUBLISHED SEMI-WEEKLY

give it three insertions, and send their bills to James // will be continued from day to day, until all the Prop- and all other information obtained on application at

HARTFORD AND NEW-HAVEN

CHICAGO LOTS.

GEORGIA RAILROAD & BANKING COMPANY
RAILROAD.
NOTICE is hereby given, that on the 20th day of

NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. From New-Haven to Meriden, eighteen miles of Jure nexs, at the Town of Chicago, in the State of this Railroad is now located, and is expected to bo Mlinois,

the following described Property will be sold || between the 1st and 3d of June next, for laying the

SEALED PROPOSALS will be received at this Office, ready for contract about the 25th of May. The atten. | at Public Auction, to wit: tion of contractors is invited to this work. A more All the unsold Town Lols in the original Town of superstructure on 50 miles of the Georgia Railroad definite advertis ement of the time when proposals are Chicago; and also the Town Lüts on fractional Sec. all materials to be furnished by the Company. to be received, will hereafter appear.

The first ten iniles to be commenced by the 10th of tion No. Fifteen, in the Township No. Thirty-nine, JAMES BREWSTER, Agent. North of Range Fourteen, East of the Third principal | September, and completed by the 15th January next-New Haven, April 27, 1836.

m16—3t| Meridian adjoining the said Town of Chicago. The the remainder of the line must be finished on or be. (Editors to whom this is MARKED, are repuested to sale will commence on the said 20th day of June, and fore the 1st of May, 1837.

, seen, Brewster, President Railroad Company,

erty has been offered sale or disposed of.
property is held by the State of Illinois for canal pur-| the Office, one week previous to the letting.

J. EDGAR THOMSON, Chief Engr. vision of a Statute Law of the said State, authorizing

12-4t. BOAT SPIKES. such a sale. The terms of sale are one-fourth of the

April 20, 1836. purchase money to be paid in advance at the time of The Troy Iron and Nail Factory keeps con- sale, and the residue in three annual instalments,

STEPHENSON, standy for sale a very extensive assortment of Wrought bearing an interest of reis. per centum per annum, pas. Builder of a superior style of Passenger Spikes and Nails, from 3 to 10 inches, manufactured able annually in advance. by the subscriber's Patont Machinery, which after Those who are unacquainted with the situation of the five years successful operation, and now almost uni- || above mentioned Property, are informed that those

Cars for Railroads. versal use in the United States, (as well as England, | Lots which are described as belonging to the original No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street, where the subscriber oblained a patent,) are found Town of Chicago, are situated in the best built and

New-York. superior to any ever offered in market. business part of the Town. Section Fifteen is a

RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to exaRailroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes dry ridge, commencing near the harhor, and extend. | mine these Cars; a specimen of which may be seen having countersink heads suitable to the holes in ironing south, one mile, along the shore of Lake Mich ganrails, to any amount and on short notice. Almost all By order ofthe Board of Commissioners of the Illi. now in operation.

on that part of the New York and Harlaem Railroad

J251f the Railroads now in progress in the United States are nois and Michigan Canal. fastened with Spikes made at the above named fac. Attest,

JOEL MANNING, tory- for which purpose they are found invaluable,

Treasurer to said Board.

THE NEWCASTLE MANUFACTURING as thoir adhesion is more than double any common Chicago, March 17th, 1836.

13-80

COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delawaro, spikes made by the hammer.

with a capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared to ex. ** All orders directed to the Agent, Troy, N. Y.,

PROSPECTUS

ecute in the first style and on liberal terms, at their will be punctually attended to.

extensive Finishing Shops and Foundries for Brass and HENRY BURDEN, Agent.

Iron, situated in the town of Newcastle, Delaware, all Troy, N. Y., July, 1831.

CHICAGO AMERICAN orders for LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam Engines, ** Spikes are kept for sale, at factory prices, by I.

and for CASTINGS of every description in Brass or & Townsend, Albany, and the principal Iron Mer

Iron. RAILROAD WORK of all kinds finished in chants in Albany and Troy; J. I. Brower, 222 Water | der the old tille, but with extended dimensions, the

In proposing to establish a SEMI-WEEKLY paper un-| the best manner, and at the shortest notice. street, New-York; A. M. Jones, Philadelphia; T. subscriber acknowledges the favors of the past, and

Orders to be addressed to Janviers, Baltimore ; Degrand & Smith, Boston.

MR. EDWARD A. G. YOUNG, P. S.-Railrvad Companies would do well to for. The reasons that induced him about a year since to solicits the continued patronage of a liberal public.

Superintendent, Newcastle, Delaware. ward their orders as early as practicable, as the sub- | establish his weekly paper, operates with renewed

feb 20-ytf scriber is desirous of extending the manufacturing sol and increasing force in favor of his present designas to keep pace with the daily increasing demand for lle shall endeavor, as it was originally intended, to

AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS, his Spikes. make his paper American in all things ; and by iden

SPADES, &c. 1J23aın

H. BURDEN.

tifying itself with the interests and circumstances of RAILROADCAR WHEELS AND Chicago-which from a recent wildnerness has ad- 300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Shovels

150 do do vanced to a population of thirty-five hundred-and

do do plain

do do BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD of the rich, extensive, and rapidly developing country || 150 do

cast steel Shovels & Spadea of which it is the emporium, he hopes it may “grow

do Gold-mining Shovels
CASTINGS.
with their growth, and strengihen with their strength.”

100 do do plated Spades

50 do As a record of passing events, curreut literature, of

do socket Shovels and Spades. Also, AXLES furnished and fitted to wheels complete at the Jefferson Cotton and Wool Machine Fac- | the march of agriculture, commerce and manufactures, Together with Pick Ares, Churn Drillo, and Crow tory and Foundry, Paterson, N. J. All orders ad- and especially of the progress of internal improvements, Bars (steel pointed,) mannfactured from Salisbury redressed to the subscribers at Paterson, or Go Wall of which this State, by her recent passage of the aci | fined iron--for sale by the manufacturing agents, street, New-York, will be promptly attended to..

WITHERELL, AMES & Co. for the construction of the “ Illinois and Michigan Canal,” has commenced her great and auspicious sys

No. 2 Liberty street, New-York. Also, CAR SPRINGS. Also, Flange Tires, turned complete. tem, it will sim, as ever, to be accurately and early

BACKUS, AMES & CO. * 38 ROGERS, KETCHUM & GROSVENOR. informed, and thus endeavor to consult alike the tastes

No. 8 State street, Albany. an I wants of the community with which it is identified. N. B.-Also furnished to order, Shapes of every deNEW-YORK AND ERIE RAILROAD. With party, as generally understood, it will have as scription, made from Salisbury refined Iron. –jtf TO CONTRACTORS.-Proposals will be

little to do as possible. Ils politics will be the Consti**ceived at the Engineer's Office of the New York and tution-its party, the Country. With this brief explanation of its future course, and

ARCHIMEDES WORKS. Erie Railroad Company, in the village of Binghampson, on and until the 3ółh day of June next, for gra- | his thanks for the more than expected encouragement

(100 North Moor street, N. Y.) ding 69 miles of the Railroad, from the village of Owe- she has already received, the subscriber again ventures

New-YORK, February 12th, 1836. go, in Tioga County, to the village of Deposit in Delato solicit the continued patronage and extended sup

THE undersigned begs leave lo inform the proprieware County.

port of all who may feel' an interest in the principles tors of Railroads that they are prepared to furnish all Proposals will also be received at the Engineer's here set forth. Office, in Monticello, on and until the 11th day of July

It will be enlarged and otherwise greatly improved, of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in success

kinds of Machinery for Railroads, Locomotive Engines nell, for grading 48 miles of the Railroad through the and printed on superior paper, and forwarded to die ful operation on the Camden and Amboy Railroad, county of Sullivan, extending from the Delaware and lant subscribers by the earliest mails, enveloped in a

none of which have failed-Castings of all kinds, Hudson Canal up the valley of the Neversink, and strong wrapper. thence to the mouth of the Callikoon Creek, on the

TERMS. - The AMERICAN will be published semi

Wheels, Axles, and Boxes, furnished at shortest notice. 4-ytf

H. R. DUNHAM & CO. Delaware River.

WEEKLY, at $4 per annum, if paid at ihe time of subPlans and profiles of the line above mentioned, I scribing ; $5 if paid at the expiration of six months, or staked out in convenient sections, wi.h printed forms $6 if payment is delayed to the end of the year.

RAILWAY IRON. of the contracts, will be ready for exhibition at the said Any person procuring five subscribers and re.

95 tons of 1 inch by t inch. Flat Bars in lengths offices twenty days before the days of letting above mitting the pay in advance, will be entitled to a sixth 200

do 15 do do of 14 to 15 feet, counter specifiod. copy gratis, or a deduction of TEN PER CENT.

40 do 14 do * do sunk holes, ends cut at The Company reserve the privilege of accepting

Persons at a distance remitting a $5 bill will receive 800 do 2 do do an angle of 45 degrees, only such proposals as they may deem for their advan- | the paper fifteen months.

do 24 do i do with splicing plates and tage.

All sums to the amount of $10 and upwards may soon expected. be sent through the Post Office, at my expense.

nails to suit. New-York, 26th April, 1836.

250 do. of Edge Rails of 36 lbs. per yard, with the 15tf JAMES KING, President.

THOS. O. DAVIS.
Chicago, March 25, 1836.

requisite chairs, keys, and pins.

Wrought Iron Rims of 30, 33, and 36 inches diam. NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS FOR EXCAVA Subscriptions and Advertisements for the Chr-eter for Wheels of Railway Cars, and of 60 inches TION AND EMBANKMENT.

CAGO AMERICAN will be received at the Office of the diameter for Locomotive Wheels.
Railroad Journal, 132 Nassau street, by

Axles of 21, 21, 21, 3, 31, 3., and 31 inches in diPROPOSALS will be received at the Office of the

D. K. MINOR. ameter, for Railway Cars and Locomotives, of patent Munroe Railroad Company, Macon, Geo., between the 19th and 21st of May next, for Excavating and ALBANY EAGLE AIR FURNACE AND The above will be sold free of duty, to State Gov. Embanking the whole of the Railroad from Macon to Forsyth, a distance of 25 milos, embracing inuch beavy

MACHINE SHOP.

ernments and Incorporated Governments, and the

drawback taken in part payment. ! graduation. WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to order,

A. & G. RALSTON, For further information, apply to DANIEL GRIFFIN, IRON CASTINGS for Gearing Mills and Factories of

9 South Front street, Philadelphia. every description.

Models and samples of all the different kinds of Resident Engineer. ALSO—Sieam Engines and Railroad Castings of Rails, Chairs, Pins, Wedges, Spikes, and Splicing J. EDGAR THOMSON, every description.

Plates, in use both in this country and Great Britain, c. Engineer. The collection of Patterns for Machinery, is not will be exhibited to those disposed to examine theme mon March 20th, 1876 1156 equalled in the United States

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AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL, AND ADVOCATE OF INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT NO. 132 NASSAU STREET, NEW-YORK, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

D. K MINOR, EDITOR.]

SATURDAY, APRIL 30, 1836.

(VOLUME V.–No. 17,

STEAM

262 266

PROVEMENT IN THE REACTING STEAM

CONTENTS :
but were entirely unable to answer the ques.

From the Journal of the Franklin Institute.
Editorial Notices ; Foster's and Avery's Rotary Steam tion, as experiments bad not to our knowl-FOSTER'S AND AVERY'S ROTARY
Engine...

257
edge been made beyond 15 or 20 horse pow.

ENGINE.
Communication, dated London, Dec. 19ch, 1835...... 258

We made some remarks on the subject Communication, dated Montreal, 20th March, 1836.... 259 er; we are now, however, authorised to Detroit and St. Joseph's Railroao; Charleston and say, that engines on this principle can be of this engine, in the last number, and as Ohio Railroad ; Specification of a patent for a mode made of 60, 80, or 100 horse power, and have determined to publish the specification

it has attracted considerable attention, we of fitting the boxes for Gudgeons into the Plummer blocks, etc.........

260 guaranteed to perform as much, and even entire, in order that the nature and amount Preventive against Diy Rot.....

201|inore, with less fuel, than any other engine of the part claimed may be fully understood. Best varieties of the Sweet Apples ; Applications of

of the same estimated capacity. Chemistry to the Useful Arts...

This, with some further remarks upon it, Agriculture, etc........

There is one now. in course of construc- l was crowded out of the last number of the Advertisements..

271 || tion, with nine feet sweep, or four and a Journal, and, upon reflection, we have de

half feet arms, and another one contracted termined to omit the said remarks, and to AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. || for, with twelve feet sweep, or six feet arms, give the specification alone. The original

from the shaft to the aperture—which will, I notice of this engine may be found at page NEW-YORK, APRIL 30, 1836.

when completed, settle the question, as to 171, vol. ix.-[EDITOR J. F. I.] ROTARY STEAM ENGINE.- The general large scale—to the satisfaction of the pub

its being susceptible of application on a SPECIFICATION OF A PATENT FOR AN IMinterest manifested not only in this country. || lic. Those who have watched its progress

ENGINE. GRANTED TO AMBROSE FOSbut also in England, in the result of the ex. require no such evidence.

TER, BRUTUS, CAYUGA COUNTY, AND periments being made in this country with

WILLIAM AVERY, SALINA, refer again

ONONDAGA the Rotary Engine, induces us to the subject-which we are enabled to do NEWBURGH AND DELAWARE RAILROAD.

COUNTY, NEW-YORK, SEPTEMBER 28TH, more satisfactorily, as we find in the Jour. We are gratified to learn that this Road

1931, nal of the Franklin Institute for April, the from Newburgh to the Delaware River, or To all whom it may concern, be it known, specifications and drawings of the paten-| to intersect the New York and Erie Rail. || that we, Ambrose Foster, of Brutus, Caytees. From these drawings and accompany-||road, is now to be undertaken in earnest.luga county, and William Avery, of Salina, ing description, it will be easily understood ; || An engineer, Mr. Sargent, is employed, and Onondaga county, in the State of Newand by the statement which we are ena-|| will enter immediately upon his duties.

York, have invented a certain improvement bled to make on good authority, it will, we | This is as it should be ; and we hope soon

in the steam engine, commonly called the trust, be judged " by its works,” and not to see 'measures adopted to continue the full and exact description of our said im

reacting engine, and that the following is a by the prejudices of those who cannot sal-Road eastward from Newburgh or Fishkill isfy themselves as to the why, and where-||into New England, with a view of accom Fig. 1, in the accompanying drawing, fore.

modating the travel from those States to represents a side view of the engine, the That there is something about it which is the West, via. Newburgh and the New-York ||revolving arms not being visible, in consenot generally understood, we are willing to and Erie Railroad. This is a measure de- quence of their being enclosed in a circular admit, and therefore are not surprised that manding the attention of the gentlen.en in case, to be presently described. A is a there are many who not having seen it fair-terested in these two, or perhaps ultimately, I steam tube, connected with a boiler, and ly tested, doubt its power, but as actuallone, road.

forming a steam-tight joint, in the box B, demonstration is all that intelligent men re

where it opens into the shaft C, which is

made hollow to th. requisite depth. Dis quire to establish its superiority over the

We have frequently called attention to the edge, or periphery, of a case, or drum, ordinary engine, it will at no distant day be duly appreciated, and generally used in Avery's Rotary, Engine. The following within which the arms from which the steam

is to issue, revolve. E, E, are braces, all parts of the country.

specification, from the Journal of the Frank- / which may be attached to the case, or drum, We have been often asked if it would an- lin Institute, will place the subject fairly ||and at their junction support a socket, conswer for engines of 30 or 40 horse power-1 before the public,

Itaining a centre pip, or screw, F, against

provement.

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advance of 12s. 6d. per ton since my letter to you.

But the price of 7. 128. 6d., as fixed by the meeting of Welch Iron Mas. ters at Romney, on the 1st inst., is not observed by some of the leading houses, who refuse to sell under 8l. per ton, and others

decline orders at all, for the present, alleging K

that their engagements are already so hea

vy, and the prospects of the trade are such, 1

that they prefer to confine themselves to the 4

execution of orders on hand, and thus ena

ble them to take advantage of increased K D'

prices in the spring. The meeting at Rom. ney adjourned to assemble again on the 121h January next, when it is confidently expected the price of 8l. will not only be generally confirmed, but that a further advance of 10s. will be agreed to. The iron

market is in a most extraordinary state ; which the shaft C is to run. G is a tube, instead of making them in the form of

the demand is far greater than the supply, through which the steam passing into the round tubes, which has been heretofore, which it is impossible to increase immedi. case from the revolving arms, is allowed to done, give to them the form which resultsately, owing to the inability to obtain comescape; a portion of this steam is employed from making each balf of the arm a seg-||petent workmen to mine the coal, iron to heat the water by which the boiler is toment of a large circle, so that, when the stone, and limestone, and to manufacture be supplied. His a whirl upon the shaft C, two halves are united, the edges of the tube them into iron when procured. Aid cannot a strap from which may be employed to present acute angles. The tubes, however,|| be expected from the lead, copper, tin, and drive machinery. Where the same parts may be made elliptical, or oval, and the other manufacturers of metals, which would occur in the other figures in the drawing,|| same end will be, in a great measure, at-|| be practicable if these branches were in a they are represented by the same letters. tained. We use any number of such arms depressed state, but so far from this being

Fig. 2, shows the flat side of the drum, on the same shaft, as we may find best| the case, these trades are in nearly as flouror case; the arms, or braces, E, E; the adapted to our purpose. whirl H, and the manner in which straps, We do not claim to be the inventors ofishing a condition as the iron trade. Hithor other gearing, may be carried from one the reacting steam engine, nor of the case,

erto the iron masters always considered wheel to another. Fig. 3, is the opposite or drum, within which we intend the arms themselves fortunate, if they could get side of the drum, or case.

shall, in general, revolve ; but what we through the winter without a decline in E, E, in Fig. 4, shows the flat sides of claim as our invention, is, simply, the giv- || price, now, in the month of December, the the revolving hollow arms ; and J, J, Fig. ing the oblate, or flat, form to the revolving||effort of the most judicious among them is 5, is an edge view of the same. In Fig. arms, so that, in proportion to their capa-| to prevent too frequent .and too great ad. 4, one side of the case is supposed to be city, they shall experience much less resist- || vances of price, which they deprecate, lest removed, and, in Fig. 5, the whole case. ance from the air than that to which they || consumption should be checked, and also, At K, K, openings are made in the narrow have been heretofore subjected, thereby | what they fear more than any thing else, edges of the arms, in directions opposite to obtaining a greatly increased power. each other, to allow of the escape of the

AMBROSE FOSTER,

the workmen should combine and “strike” steam introduced into them through the

WILLIAM Avery.

for higher wages. shaft C, with the hollow of which they com

You may inquire what effect has been municate.

To the Editor of the Railrond Journal.

produced on railway iron.

I can answer, In an engine which we have in actual

London, December 19th, 1835.

by quoting my own experience. I have operation, the arms, E, E, (or J, J,) are Dear Sir,-1 observe, by your Journal of || within a week received an order for a very each twenty inches in length. The the 21st November, that you have publish-| large quantity, (so large that I have not rewidth of the arms at the centre is about sixed my communication dated London, Octo-vealed it to any one lest it should affect the inches, and at the ends about two and a ber 9th, and as it appears, you attach some market,) of railway iron, from America. I half inches; in depth, or thickness, they importance to information respecting Rail-i have issued my circulars to all the houses are about one and a half inches, near the way Iron, I will now continue my notice of|| in this line, and I find a most wonderful centre, and about three-fourths of an inch this article from the date of my letter up 10 || alteration in the tone of their communicanear the end. The size of the holes through the present time. which the steam escapes, is about one

tions; formerly they were all eagerness to quarter, by one-eighth, of an inch. The

In my last letter you will recollect I men- give an answer by return of mail, and they holes are so perforated that the steam shall tioned that the following advances in pricemanifested the greatest anxiety to secure issue at right angles with the shaft. had taken place in common (Welch) bars, the whole order, or as much of it as possiWe have found this engine to act with viz:

ble. Now some of them decline making great power, but do not intend to confine On 25th August the price at New

tenders altogether, owing to the magnitude ourselves to these particular proportions, as port and Cardiff was, per ton, £5 10s. Lof engagements on hand; others, rather we mean not only to vary the size of our | On that day the manufacturers ad

than break off connections, mention such engines, but also the relative proportions of vanced the price

10s. high prices for very small parts of the total their respective parts, according to circum- September 12th they advanced it quantity wanted, that they think they will stances.

again

10s. L, L, are parts of stuffing boxes, em- 11 October 28,

not be accepted. A decided indisposition is

10s. ployed to prevent the oseape of steam, in a December 1st, 1"

manifested to come under any further en.

12s. 60. manner well known to machinists.

gagements, unless at exorbitant prices, unWe find it to be a point of great import

til it is ascertained what will be the result

£2 2s. 6d. ance to give such a form to the revolving

of the adjourned meeting at Romney on the arms, as shall subject them to the least pos

£7 12s. 6a 12th proximo. I very much fear that the sible resistance from the air ; we, therefore, -Thus you see there has been a furthe same pattern of rail, which I put out in the

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middle of September last at 8l. per ton, will || 10 the President of the N. Y. and Erie Rail. one of his latest, draw about 80 tons freight not now be contracted for under 101. per road Company. S. D. only alludes to thesay 110 tons gross, on a road greatly deton, but I will do my best to screw them | Report of the latter gentleman, and has scending in the direction of the load, at the down to the lowest price. Notwithstand.confined himself to general remarks, and I rate of 10 to 12 miles per hour, with the •ing the present high price, I have every | now offer you the following observations on exception of half a mile on a straight line, reason 10 believe that prices will be still some of the detailed statements of that gen. which ascended at the rate of 26 feet per higher in the spring, for since I wrote toileman.

mile, and was with difficulty overcome by you I have traversed the whole iron region, Mr. Seymour states, “that one of the the combined action of the momentum of the visiting every establishment of any impor- | American locomotives, weighing 84 tuns, train, by great diminution of the velocity, tance, and every where I found an activity will draw upon a level road 200 tons of and by an immense addition of power proand bustle which I never before witnessed freight, at the rate of ten miles per hour; duced by throwing a large portion of the during my long experience in this business. that the same engine will draw, upon an weight of the tender on the driving wheels. Every establishment is full, to excess, of ascent of 25 feet per mile, 100 lons," and so By this simple expedient, the power of en. orders, and the greatest exertions are mak-lon. The rise which doubles the tractiongines may be much increased, but it is ute ing, day and night, to execute them. The being stated at 25 feeț per mile, gives us alterly ruinous to our wooden superstrucPacha of Egypt's order for about 5,000 once the power equal to the zu of the load,||tures, few of which are able to bear the actons for the railway across the Isthmus of and supposing the engine to act by f of itstion of a 6 tons engine, without injury, as Suez, is about one half completed; but weight on the driving wheels, and assuming is only too well known. This expedient is, others pour in from France, (there are two the adhesion equal to the il of the weight, I believe, due to Mr. Baldwin's, and would, recently from that country for about 6,000

x 211 = 119.5 tons gross,

were any proof wanting, be alone sufficient tons) from Germany, Belgium, America,

5 X 12

to show the very narrow limits of the pow. and every part of this country, in a way to instead of 200 tons freight, and even this,ers of locomotive engines. astonish even the most enthusiastic friends only by taking every thing in the most ex. Mr. S. also speaks of avoiding the faults of the Railway System. Besides this de- || travagantly favorable light, for the weight of the English engineers in “ forcing" a mand for railway iron, the consumption of on the driving wheels, is in general, only 3 || line within certain limits as to grades and other kinds of iron fully keeps pace with it. of the weight of the engine, and the adhe- curvatures, at great expense. That this This country being in a more prosperous | sion assumed at is, is far above the average, || would be a fault as applied to many of our condition, and every branch of trade, cotton, in all states of the rails.

Roads, I readily admit; but if we could af. silk, wool, flax, hemp, tin, lead, copper, &c., Again, Mr. S. observes, that “about the ford the capital as they can, then would our being more flourishing than at any period || year 1829, it had not been supposed to be present cheap, temporary modes of con. since the termination of the Napoleon wars, practicable to ascend with locomotive en-struction be faults indeed ; and, even under it is reasonable to suppose, and such is the gines with loaded trains, upon grades ex-existing circumstances, could the Erie Railfact, that iron, which is the foundation up-|| ceeding 30 feet to the mile,” etc. Now it is rond be so graded as to have no ascent in on which the arts of civilized life rest, should || subsequently stated by Mr. S. himself, that coming from the lake to the city, and no be in great demand, when all other branch-|| at this day, with the most improvdd engine, descent in the same direction greater than es of industry flourish. Hence the de-only half a load can be taken up an asceni || 18 feet per mile, it would, at the end of ten mand for domestic consumption for ordina. lof 25 feet per mile. This passage I have years, be a better investment for 20 or 30 ry purposes is very great, which when add. || quoted verbatim, above. The absolute load millions of dollars, than as at present coned to the demand for foreign countries, and| taken up any given ascent, is of course great-templated, for 5 millions. It is well known railway purposes, you may easily imagineer with engines having the advantage of the that this is impracticable, and I merely supwill readily account for the present prices, latest improvements, and the still greater || pose this case to illustrate my position, and the prospect! of still higher in the advantage of the enormous addition to the that the power of locomotives on inclinaspring, unless war or some other calamity weight, which is becoming almost univer. tions is much overrated, or perhaps, more should ensue to check the brilliant progress | sal, but the relative load differs but little correctly speaking, not understood by many of civilization arising from the long contin. from what it was six years ago, and the who have much at stake on the successful uance of peace. Most sincerely do I trust first tolerably constructed engine would solation of these very questions. that you and I will never live to see anoth-have taken half its load up an ascent of 25 In the Report of the Baltimore and Ohio er war carried on,-particularly do I depre-| feet per mile, which is as much as the best Company of '31, the traction is estimated at cate a war with France,-our old ally, one will do now, according to Mr. S., which oto, and allowing for unavoidable imper. of our best customers, and who ought to be

agrees with practice. Great improvements || fections at zoo of the weight, and yet now in our best friend. A war with that country have and will continue to be made, in the l'36, it has increased to ni! Then, a car, would be little short of insanity,“it would mechanical construction, in avoiding frac. was in equilibrio with gravity on an inclinainterfere with the prosperity of both coun-tures, rendering the parts less liable to wear, tion of 13.2 feet per milo, now it requires tries in a most melancholy manner, and diminishing the quantity of fuel, ele., bui || 25 feet per mile to overcome the friction, nothing but emply, worthless glory, would as long as they draw by the adhesion of the which was then reduced by the use of fricresult to either party. I most sincerely wheels, only so long will the trifling asceni ||tion wheels, and cars thus fitted up were hope so great an evil will be averted.

of 25 feet, or on well constructed roads with recommended in the strongest possible I am, dear sir, very respectfully

good carriages, about 12 feet, per mile di- terms, and the results of experiments and truly, yours,

minish the power of the engine one half. I given, apparently so decisive, as to lead ir. Gerard Ralston. Unfortunately, the adhesion of the wheels resistibly to the conclusion, that implicit

Here to the rails forms the limit of the power of reliance might be placed on them. To the Editor of the Railroad Journal.

the locomotive as at present used, and this then, after 4 years experienee, after experiMONTREAL, 29th March, 1836. limit is soon reached, and any even tolera-ments and patents innumerable, are we far, Sir:- The communication of S. D., in ble engine will, if the load or ascent be suf- very far, behind what we were in '31, as your Journal of the 13th Feb., has recalled | Giciently great, cause the wheels to turn publicly announced at that time by the Enmy attention to two Reports hastily perused without advancing the train. Baldwin's gineer and Directors of the B. and 0. Comsome time since. I refer to Mr. Campbell's engines are, I believe, generally admitted ||pany. It is impossible to conceive a strongReport, published in your Journal of the to be at least equal to any made in this er case than this, of the caution with which 26th Dec., 1835, and Mr. Seymour's Report || country or in England, and I have known chese flattering statements should be re.

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