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Either of these modes would form hard held responsible to the comınissioners for ner in the State, of eighi days in the transand level roads, and although the commit- their condition.

poriation of the produce of a snall farm, tee are not prepared to express an opinion What is done in this way would then in a saving proportionably greater upon as to their relative cost and duration, they be thoronghly done, and in a few years th larger farms. are fully satisfied that either mode would marked improvement of the roads would

This illustration of the superior economy he economical compared with the wasteful demonstrate the superior economy of those of good roads might be applied to other and useless expenditure of money and labor thus constructed.

branches of industry, and their results made under the existing system. From Indeed so strongly is the committee im-would show an enormous expenditure of the best information to which the commit- pressed with the advantages of at once time and money thus indirecily made by tee has had access, they estimate the cost of commencing this reform upon an extensive || he people of the State, in transportation on a road thirty feet track properly Macadam- scale, that they would recommend the anad roads, to the ainuunt, probably, of ised to be $5000 per mile; one of burnt clay ticipa'ion by way of loan on the credit 01 $10,000,000 annually, a sum sufficient 10 $100); one of woolen blocks $ 1000; one the State of one half of 20 years' asse:s

put all the roads of the State in good order, of planks $3300. These, however

, are ments

, the amount raised io be rateably di This saving in time and money is not the mere estimates, and may vary much from vided, and at once applied under proper su. pnly benefiç that would accrue to the State the truth.

perintendence to the construction of the fron the adoption of the policy proposed. It would probably be the wisest policy principal stage roads in the several counties By the expenditure of the principal sum to adopt the Macadamised system where of the State.

aised by loan, in constructing and repairing practicable, and to make portions of roads

roads in the several counties, money would

Inasmuch as the amount now annually upon each of the other modes in order to raised for the repair of roads equals $1,176,

be circulated, labor employed, and the enbring them all to the test of experience.

969; this sum to be this raised by loan rgies and enterprise of the whole cominuin the coinmittee that the present systein mmediately applied to the construction of benefits of public improvements throughout On one point, however, there is no doubt would be $11,769,690, which could be inity would be stiulated by the actual exe

cution of a policy calculated to diffuse the should be entirely abandoned, and a mode those roads, leaving the sum of $588,484 10 adop:ed which shall sooner or later give a beamually raised by aseessment, and appli

he Siate-not advancing one part at the hard and uniforın surface to the public roads. ||ed to the repair of roads, and a like sum to be expense of the whole, but giving 10 each This is necessary, not only to facilitate the appropriated to the repayment of the loan county its just share, and conferring upon transportation of the produce of the State To this might be added he tolls to be collect al equal, and at the same time, substantial to market, but to redeem the community led on particular roads, in ca e the Legisla

benefits. Among these may be mentioned from the reproach of amually expending ture should deem it expedient to make hosel: more rapid increase of the population of

the Siate. millions without effecting or even approx. who used the roads contribute, as in Eng. imating to the object proposed by the framers land, to their maintenance and repair. To class of lands may be made equally pro

With good roads the second and third of the law relating to common roads. i his mode of maintaining roads may


luctive with the most fertile, where the The mole of effecting that reform is a fairly attributed the excellence of those in

roads are badhe difference in the exsubject admitting of different opinions. To England, where the roads of particular dis

pense of transportation being more than an undertake at once to Macadamise all thetricts are placed under the control of trus roads in the State would be an effort, in the tees, who have anthority to manage the equivalent to the difference in the quanti

Lies produced. opinion of many, beyond the ability of the roads as a productive estate, and who are

Emigration from the State will be thus com?nunity. The cross roads in counties thus enabled to improve the roails at the an expenditure at this time, and in general money for constructing and repairing thein, will be induced to settle here. A similar are not enough travelled to warrant such expunse of those who use then-borrowing checked, and the better and more substanthey are in betier order than the more fre- and repaying its principal and interest from:

policy is recommended in relation to the quented roads. While the system of re- the proceeds of the tolls.

construction of bridges. All the bridges pairing roads, therefore, requires a total If. after determining upon the construction over small streams, and many of those over change in the agents employed to superin of the principal roads upon proper princi- the large rivers, should be made of stone, tend its execution, it would probably be the ples, siinilar powers should be given to the or brick, where stone cannot be procured. best policy to apply the reform in the mode (County Commissioners for Roads, a great | Such structures would be permanent, reof constructing roads in the first instance resorin would be effected, and the ineans oilquiring little or no repair, and though more to the post routes, and to ote the great-|| transporting produce 10 market much facil. | expensive in the construction, are more est portion of the money raised to ren lering itated, without increasing the annual assess economical than wood, when the expense them perfect before undertaking those of|menis. The importance of this improvement ||of construction and repair is spread over ininor importance. When those are orrel in common roads wonld well.justify such a

lwenty years. well constructed the annual expense of keep s'ep on the part of the State. With good ing them in order will be small , and the roads, every farmer in the State would be en

A similar mode might be adopted in conreform of the other roads upon the same prin- abled, at a comparatively small expense, to

structing the bridges, i. e., dividing the ancip'es can then be undertaken, until the pub. curyproduce which is now uselesstomarket.

nual assessments into two parts, the first to lic roads throughout the State shall be put the difference in the expense of transpor':|| tinguishment of a loan equal to one half of

be appropriated for twenty years to the exin perfect order.

Tile changes which your committee an item in the ultimate cost of produce, twenty years' assessment, the loan to be pre ent system with the view of producing tion of one half of the present cost

. Taking | ral counties, and the residue to be used for think could be advantageously made in the would be 50 per cent., making a diminu- applier, under the direction of the State

, in

constructing permanent bridges in the sevesuch a result, are an alteration of the present the average amount of produce raised on a low so as to establish five road commission-farm of 100 acres, beyond what is required

keeping those in repair, whose permanent ers in each county, who shall be empower for the use of the farmer, to be equivaleni

construction is to be postponed. ed to order the construction and repair of all to 400 bushels of grain-an amount be.

Your Committee are aware that the polithe stage roails, and to employ a surveyor

, lieved to be below the real quantity; and sy recommended is liable to the objections under whose superintendence these roads with the present roads fourteen journies to that it will involve great expenditure, and shall be construcied and repaired. Insteal the market town, with a two horse wagon,

that it is novel. Objections always ready of assezsing the farmer so many days’ labor,) will be required to transport it to market, with the timid, the unenterprising, and those the assessinent shoull be made payable in a labor which, if the average distance of who deem the existing condition of things money or in broken stone of the proper size cach farm be estimated at 10 miles, would as not s'isceptible of improvement. and kind, to be delivered at specified places employ a wagon, horses and driver, fourteen The policy recommended, however, is -such a quantity of stone to be an equiva- days. With Macadamised roads, the same not meant merely for the present generalent to a day's labor. The roads then could labor could be performed in six days, wiibition. Like the public buildings and the be repaired under the immediate superin more ease to the horses and less injury canals of the St.ite, and the aqueducts of tendence of the surveyor, who should be the wagon, making a saving to erery far cities, roads are intended to be permanent.

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They belong to the State, an existence that We believe the more that public improve || advantages. It gives the parts of the State is to last through ages, and her public ments are multiplied, the reason for com- which are sequestered, advantages bearing works should all be constructed with refer- plaints for taxation for their support will be some proportion to those parts of the land ence to an equally enduring existence. iminished. For when the real estate of an on which Nature has poured out her bouij. Economy in a State is not consulted in im- individual is augmented in value, by a pub-| lies.

nic improvemeni, or a new l'acility created Why is that man rich? Becuse he lives iting the expenditure to merely what seives

to aid him in locomotion, or a new avenue in the city of New York. Why is that the present occasion ; but in looking for- ll spened for importing merchandise or export-man poor,of equal capacity to make money? wari beyond the wants of the pre ent ing the produce of his soil, he musi have a Because he lives on sequestered barrenness. generation, and having carefully consulted leeble idea of moral obligation, would seek This poor man, which we have supposed, the ability of the community, proportioning to evade the payment of his just part of is the victim of position. To reduce the the expenditure to the importance of the ob- such public work.

amazing difference of position, beiween one ject to be attained.

Taxation, toll, or impost, is the considera- leitizen and another, not by pulling down The subject referred to the Committee tion money a peuple pay for a public blessing the fortunate, but by raising him up who they deem of the highest importance, whithin the shape of an internal improvement. is not so, is the consequence of a liberal er considered in reference to the present or

And we believe that the following is a fair system of Internal Improvements. Again, the future, and they recommend that a re- State embarking in a public work: rule by which to test the propriety of the the money expended in these improve

ments, will mostly remain in this Siate, morial should be addressed to the legislature,

Add the increased value of the lands and among our own citizens. It is not as though expressing the views set forth in this report.

louses caused by the improvement running ve were in porting these improvements All which is respectfully submitted, in through the country where they are situated irom a foreign land, and sending our capibehalf of the Committee.

-add 10 this the time saved by man and tal there to purchase them. No, we buy these J. BLUNT, Chairman. beast-the reduced expense of the transit of improvements from our own ciuzens. Tie New-York, Jan. 9, 1836. nerchandise or produte-add to this a rea- buy their labor, provisions and materials;

our own citizens receive the consideration ch On motion of Mr. Gordon, it was

sonable sum for the agreeableness of manResolved, That a Committee of ten bel per of transacting business, by means of the money for the construction of these public ial 'appointed by the Chair

, to report to this -hen say if the interest on the capital sum
improvement, as compared with old modes works. But without consuming more of

your time in general re marks, the question M Convention subjects for its consideration. these advantages are worth, exceed the in. I is asked, by what means shall light be colof The Chair appointed the following named terest on the capital required for the com-|llected and imparted to the public mind, so

gentlemen : Messrs. Gordon, Spencer, Bra-l pletion of the work, then make it. It is, that New-York need no longer hesitate 10 ird dish, Bloomfield, Titus, Jordan, Welch, in the opinion of the committee, demon

take the bigh station the God of nature inBuel, Walworth, Leland. strated, if not mathemat caily, at least upou

tended her. Mr. Gordon stated that it was his inten- l the principle of political economy, ihai

Your Committee believe a State Society the the work should be prosecuted.

consisting of gentlemen of intelligence, leition to leave the city the following morning, and was excused from serving on the

It is believed that were the present rates of sure and patriotism, who are willing to aid

toll preserved on the Erie Canal for 12 years in developing and perfecting the resources same, and Mr. Alvan Stewart appointed to come, and the business transacted there. of this Sate, who shall meet annually at in his place.

on was to increase in the same ratio it has your Capitol, and impart to the public the The following resolution was offered by for six years past, we should derive a rere-l information acquired during the year by Mr. J. A. Spencer. “That it is expedient nue of three millions. Then say that hall the members of the Society, will best pronow to consider the resolution reported at

a million should be applied for repairs, im-mote the inierest we have at heart. We ilar the Utica Convention, in relation to the provements and use of Canal, we should take the liberty of submitting a draft of a the

Consiitution. for nation of a State Society." still have left two and a half millions, or

Your Committee believe that a Society, The resolution, on motion of Mr. Kürk- the annual interest, at 5 per cent. of 50 millions.

of which the most ambitious literary man land, was laid on the table. Your Committee have no question in as

might be proud of a membership, is the The Convention adjourned to meet in the seriing that whatever sum might be expend-best plan, this Commitee can recommend, ed Assembly Chamber tomorrow afternooned in the next twenty years, the State o secure the great objects of this Convenat 3 o'clock.

would reap a fourfold return. Every dol-ion; which is, to have a hody of our most

lar expended in Inieraal Improvements. patriote citizens constanıly in the field of Assembly Chamber, Wednesday, Jan. 13, 1836. readers the State more desirable, more pre inquiry, ard bringing forth from their treaThe Convention met pursuant to adjourn cious and more esteemed in the aifections suros i things new and old," by which the ment, Judge Cheever presiding.

of iis citizens, and draws forth their patri- public mird may at last see the path of inMr. Stewart, from the Committee apotic love. Every new mode of conveyance,

rernal improvements 100 plain to ever lose pointed to report subjects for the considera- by which time is saved, is a great object to tion of the Convention, presented a repori, | capital, and every hour'lost in tardy loco

All of which is most respectfully, &c. the poor laboring man, for his time is his

ALVIN STEWART, Ch'n. together with a draft of a Constitution of a motion, is a positive loss of bis capital. A State Society, and which being read, the rich man thinks it hard to lose the interest of the resolution heretofore offered by hin,

Mr. Spencer called for the concideration report was accepted.

of his money, but he is deeply affected at the Mr. S. then read the following report:

loss of his capital; but the poor man who and which was then laid upon the table We believe there is a general feeling in is travelling loses as much capital as he The resolution being the first of a series the puplic mind, that aa enlarged system of wastes of hours and days by a poor and reported to the Convention at Utica, by ihe Later val Improvemenis, in the shape of tardy conveyance:

Committee of which Mr. Jas. E. Bloomfield Roads, Canals, and Railroads, is the true po'.

The Railroad is the poor man's road. was Chairman : icy of the Stite of New-York. By whai It is the rich man's money expended for the Resolved, That it is recommended to means shall this belief and [feeling be ren-benefit of himself and poor man.

form a State Society for the promotion of Indered the most available, to advance these Were an exclusive susiem of Internal

ternal Improvements, and that this Conven. great improvements? This is a question Improvements adopted, and brought to comdeserving our most serious consideration. pletion, the facilities of intercourse woulation, at its adjourned mee!ing, adopt means We believe that nature has given to New-l be so augmented, perhaps it is not too

10 organize ihe same; the dury of which York a natural eminence in point of posi- much to assert, that it would render life it. Society shall be, to collect and diffuse such tion and relation unsurpassed by any state self more valuable, by diminishing the stock) information as may be deemed of public or country on this continent. We be'ieve of human misery, and adding to the state utiliiy. The Society shall consist of a her natural advantages--her natural capital of human happiness.

member froin each county in this State, --o be very great; but we also believe that The State of New-York will become, un- who shall appoint such officers and agents, to that we may add almost as much more, der the fos'ering care of intelligence and and adopt such by-laws and regulations by developing her entire capabilities by a liberality, the garden of the American con

as they may deem necessary. grand and judicious system of laternal I'm.Jinent-á land in which Art shall give Na

Mr. Leland moved to annend the resol12provements. If a kind Providence had done ture fair play. New-York, standing at the more for us than it has, room word not

Trate-war of the ocean, holds the key in tion so that it should read “ for the fornia have been left for man to manifest hs grat- her hand which un'ocks the treasures ortion of a Statistical and Internal Imr itude-discover his genius, und esli it his the Americas.

ment Society." The amendment patriotism.

# This system goes far towards equalizing! wi: hdrawn, the resolution was passe




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The consideration of the Constitution, as Richmond.-Minthorn Tompkins. and the following was adopted as the 9th reported by the Chairman of the Commit Kings.-Gen. J. G. Swift.

article of the Constitution : tee of ten, being called for, the same was Queens.-David S. Jones.

"A special meeting of this Society may read by its articles and adopted, in the form Suffolk.-Sidney Smith.

at any time be called by the President or and words following:


presiding officer thereof."
Westchester.— Allan McDonald.

Mr. Spencer moved the following resolu.
Putnam.-Walker Todd.

tions, which were passed unanimously.
ART. 1. This Society shall be called
Dutchess.-Albro Aikin.

Resolved, That the several gentlemen . The New York State Society for the pro

Ulster.-Henry Barclay.

who have been elected officers and members motion of Internal Improvements."

Sullivan.—John P. Jones.

of this Society be, and they are hereby reART. 2. The object of this Society shall

Orange.-Robert Dennison.

spectfully requested to accept thereof. be to develope the resources of the State,

Rockland.- Blauvelt.

Resolved, That every officer and memto collect, preserve and impart information,

Delaware.-Noadiah Johnson.

ber who shall enter upon and faithfully dison all subjects connected with the advance

charge the important duties of his station, ment and prosperity of the State, and the

Columbia.-Jonas White.

will deserve to be ranked among the public proinotion of a general system of Internal

Rensseluer.-Stephen Ross.

benefactors of his country, and receive the Improvements. Art. 3. The officers of this Society

Albany.-Jesse Buel.

enduring gratitude of his fellow citizens.

Resolved, That every intelligent and pa.

Schenectady.-- John I. De Graff. shall be, a President, two Vice Presidents,

Schoharić. —Abraham L. Lawyer.

triotic citizen of this State, is earnestly retwo Secretaries, one for correspondence,

Greene.—Luke Kiusted.

gested to lend his aid in advancing the diand the other for recording the proceedings

versified and great objects committed to the of the Society, together with a Treasurer.

charge of the Society. Art. 4. This Society shall consist of Saratoga.—John W. Taylor.

Resolved, That this Convention, entertainfour members from the city and county of

Washington.--Henry C. Martindale.

ing an entire confidence ihat the Society, by New-York, and one member from each of

Warren — William Hay.

its organization, in the execution of its the other organized counties of this Siate.

Essex.-Henry Ross.

plan, will be influenced by no local or sec. Art. 5. The Society shall hold an an

Clinton.-William Swetland.

tional jealousies, or polotical party consinual meeting on the second Monday of

Franklin.-Luther Bradish.

derations, but that its labors will be char. January in each year, in the city of Alba St. Lawrence.—Gouverneur Ogden. acterized by a patriotic devotion to the pubns, and report to ihe public the proceedings Montgomery.--Isaac H. Tiffany. lic weal. of the Society for the past year.


Resolved, That in view of the rapid inArt. 6. The officers of this Society shall Madison. -John B. Yates.

crease of the population in the Valley of be elected annually; a majority of the Oneida.-Joshua A. Spencer.

the Missisippi, and the country bordering mem' ers thereof shall have power to alter Oswego.-Christian J. Burkle.

on the Lakes, whose wants are to be supthis Constitution, to fill all vacancies occur. Jefferson.-Orville Hungerford. plied from our Atlantic cities, and whose ring in their own body, and to elect, as Lewis.-Sylvester Miller.

surplus products are there to find a market, honorary members, distinguished individu Herkimer.--Dr. Doolittle.

an enlightened public policy demands of als residing out of this State.


New York, the exertion of her utmost enArt. 7. Fifteen members of this Society

Otsego.--Erastus Crafts.

ergies in the construction of public works, shall form a quorum for the transaction of

Chenango.-Augustus C. Welch. which shall expedite and cheapen commuthe ordinary business, and a less number

--D. S. Dickinson.

nication between her cities and that vast reshall have power to adjourn. ART. 8. The Societ. shall have power

Tioga.--Thomas Maxwell.

gion of fertile country. Stcuben.--Ziba A. Leland.

Resolved, That the thanks of the Conto pass all necessary by-laws, rules, and re

Tompkins.--Heman Camp.

vention be presented to the Committee apgulations for its government.

Cortlandt.-John Miller.

pointed at Urica for their very able report ART. 9. A special meeting of this Soci

in part on the subject of Post and County ety may at any time be called by the Pre

Roads, and that they are respectfully resident or presiding officers thereof.

Onondaga.--Moses Burnet.

quested to prosecute their useful labors, On motion of Mr. Spencer, it was

Cayuga.-Nathaniel Garrow.

and report the results to the State Society Resolved, That a Committee of twelve Seneca.--Asher Tyler.

organized by this Convention. be appointed by the Chair, eight of whom Wayne.— Wm. H. Adams.

Resolved, That our thanks be tendered to shall be taken from the Senatorial Districts, Ontario.-Bowen Whitney.

the Honorable the Assembly for the use of one from each, to nominate suitable persons Yates.-Aaron Remer.

their Chamber during the sitting of this as officers and members of the State Society.

Convention. The Chair appointed the following gen.


Resolved, That the proceedings of this tlemen members of the Committee.

Monroe.-Anstarchus Champion.

Conventon be published by the CorrespondI. A. Spencer, A. J. Parker, Charles Bor

Livingston.-George Hosmer.

ing Secretary, and that he be authorized land, James Powers, Philip Kearney, D. D.


to affix the names of its officers thereto. Aikin, Ambrose L. Jordan, L. Stetson,

Cattaraugus--Frederick S. Martin.

On motion of Mr. Jordon, it was Sands Higginbottom, L. Beardsley, D. D.

Genesee.--- David E. Evans.

Resolved, That this Convention do resNixon, Bates Cook.

Orleans.--William James.

pectfully submit for the consideration of the Convention adjourned to meet to-morrow

Niagara.-Samuel De Vaux.

Legislature the propriety of appropriating at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.

Erie. ---Peter B. Porter.
Chautauque.--William Peacock.

some suitable room in the Capitol for the

use of the Society. Assembly Chamber, Thursday, Jan. 14, 1836. For President, Jesse Buel.

On motion of Mr. Kirkland it was Convention met pursuant to adjournment, For Vice Presidents, Luther Bradish. Resolved, That the thanks of this Con. Judge Cheever presiding. John B. Yates.

vention be presented to the Honorable Mr. Spencer, from the Committe of Corresponding Secretary, David C. Col. Samuel Cheever for the satisfactory man. twelve, reported the following gentlemen den.

ner in which he has presided over its delias having been selected and nominated as Recording Secretary, Robert Dennison. | berations. suitable persons for officers and members of Treasurer, John I. De Graff.

On motion of Mr. Kirkland, the Conventhe State Society:

On motion of Mr. Stewart, the report wastion adjourned.
List of Members and Oficers.
adopted by the Convention.

On motion of Mr. Spencer, the 6th arti SUMNER ELY,

cle of the Constitution was amended by ad-
New York. - Joseph Blunt, David C. Colding thereto the words “ that the above Fletcher M. Haight,
don, James B. Murray, Philip Kearney. named officers shall be elected annually;" David C. Colden,

} Secretaries.

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Charles Borland, Jr. | Vice Pre'ts.

Albany County.

Chatauque County.

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0 1760


1680 50 Coeymans,


1552 50
2723 854 2105

5$ $504 Knox, 2189 75 1413 80


1015 100 114% Carroll,

250 Rensselaer, 258

3685 160
190 20 300



50 12794
2101 73 2177 800

700 $505

French Creek, 420 27 450 8597 310,4 5776 $345 25$ $805

250 Mina 1388 52 1041

30 Coeymaps, 24 bridges. Knox, 8 bridges. Total, 27 bridges. || Pomfret, 3380 119 3235)

350 7 towns, having 44,923 inhabitants, made no returns.

1771 56 1352

162 Alleghany County.

1647 80 1682 60

100 Sherman,

59 867 150
898 72 690 $200

1605 72 1511

160 Amity, 872 75 1271 250

2477 83 2619

250 Belfast, 743 50 700

250 Birdsall, 543 61 412 50

18370 821 189071 1223 40

2252 Bolivar,

449 75 675 250 Genesee, 219 27 360 250

Carroll, 10 bridges. Ellicott, 8 bridges. French Creek, 8 Haight, 655 53 1185 100

bridges. Mina, 5 bridges. Sherman, 2 bridges, which cost $150 Portage, 1839 150 1750 250


each ; some smaller ones, which cost from 4010 60 dollars. StockRushford, 1115 60 1039 250


ton, 6 public bridges, besides several smaller ones. Toral, 39 Scio, 602 19 716 250

200 bridges. No returns from 12 towns, having 16,301 inhabitanış.

Chenango County.
7941 642 8798 81850

Columbus, 1661 65 1300

6 Allen, 7 bridges. The $200 applies mostly to bridges. Amity, Coventry,

1576 60 1083

7 80 15 bridges. Belfast, 16 bridges, of which one is built by the

2962 167 2049 211 10

4600 county, costing $1000. Birdsall, 4 bridges: expense of bridges

Linckleau, 1425 30

727 included in expense of roads. Genesee, no expensive bridges ;

Macdonough, 1232 80 1365) roads mostly new. Portage, 10 bridges. Rushford, 21 bridges. Oxford,

2943 100 2330 100 4

175 Scio, 4 bridges. Total, 77 bridges, on which 400 days work in

1213 50 1155


Smithville, addition are given. 16 towas, having 18,335 inhabitants, made no

1859 100 1240 returns.

14671 652 11249 311

180 4791 Broome County.

Green, 3 bridges. Preston, 25 public bridges, generally supLisle, 4378 40 11074

8 120

ported by an annual tax. Total, 28 bridges. No returns from Nanticoke, 35 225

11 towns. having 22,567 inhabitants. Vestal, 946 107 1000 75

Clinton County.
1280 120

Beekmantown, 2391 150 1350 250 6

Champlain, 2456 88
1665 50

300 6604 302

$75 8 120 100

Plattsburgh, 4913 120 4500
Lisle, 3 bridges, which cost $1,400. Windsor, 1 bridge. To-
tal, 4 bridges. 7 towns, having 10,975 inhabitants, made no

9760 858 7515 300 6

450 returns.

Beekmantown, 25 bridges. The turnpike is a military one, Cattaraugus County.

made at the expense of the United States. Champlain, 24

bridges. Plattsburgh, 14 bridges, one cost $2000, 1 cost $1800, Franklinville, 903 68 1159 83 21 221


% cost $1500, 10 cost about $3000. Cost of repairing roads and Fudom, 1505 95 1280

150 Hinsdale,

bridges differ from $250 to $500. Total, 63 bridges. No returns 919 70 1250 250


from 5 towns, having 9584 inhabitants. Machias, 735 57 900


Columbia County. Napoli,

852 75 1392 New Albion, 380 67 1016

25 Stockport,
25} 1520

750 Perrysburgh, 2440 140 2959 250

Austerlitz, 2245 100 1100

8 300
2063 40 2000

6 100 50 7734 572 8776 1863 21 221 812

Claverack, 3000 72 1560

13 650 400 1203 34 587

300 Franklinville, 17 bridges. Fudom, 10 public bridges. Napoli

, Copake,
1676 135 1270


120 no public bridges, excepting those built by the town; roads in

2783 75 1535 925

448 bad condition. New Albion, 2 bridges, which cost $206.00. To

Taghkanich, 1654 60 1000 250 tal, 29 bridges. 14 towns, having 8,990 inhabitants, made no returns.

14624 541) 10572 575 38 1506 1695 Cayuga County.

Stockport, 12 bridges. Canaan, 1 bridge. Claverack, 23 Niles, 99 1740 22

bridges. Clermont, 7 bridges; one wholly supported by the Auburn, 4486 174 2480

town. Copake, 20 bridges. Ghent, the expense of bridges in. Led yard, 2427 75 223 50


cluded in that of roads. Taghkanich, 4 bridges: their expense Locke, 3310 42 1241)

50 included in that of roads. Total, 67 bridges. No returns from 10 Mentz, 4143 100 2946

200 towns, having 25,233 inhabitants. Sepnet, 2297 70 2334 51 275

Cortland County.
2691 54 19181

Cincinnatus, 1308 60 1200
1436 80 2000 200
Cortlandville, 3673 110 2635 1

200 Sumner Hill, 48 1000

1051 86 644

20 Victory, 1819 68 1693


3307 80 2100
55 1400

15 Marathon,
895 50 950 150

1435 46 8671

50 22609 7084 18976

7 275

390 Niles, in 1834, there were expended on the roads $120. Au.

11669 382 83964 151

1152 burn, 4 bridges. Ledyard, 5 bridges. Mentz, several bridges. Cortlandville, 5 bridges. Preble, 7 public bridges. Total, 12 Victory, 8 bridges. Total, 12 bridges. 12 towns, having 25,839 bridges. A Railroad is anticipated. 'No returns from 5 towns, inhabitants, made no returnø.

having 12,122 inhabitants.



272 71

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Length of 398 Public Road.

Days' Work.


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Le Ray,

64 unk'n

1860 85 1422


1960 60 1094 $100 10 $700 Bovina, 1340 89 997

Lexington, 2548 95 1700 150 Colchester, 1424 110 1313 69

New Baltimore, 2370


11 upka 350 Hancock, 766 90 632 250

3476 85 1800 75

800 Harpersfield, 1976 100 1300

12 Middletown, 2303 140 1951 250


10349 310 6274 325 34 1500 450 Tompkins, 1774 90 1547 200

Lexington, 2 bridges. New Baltimore, 3 large bridges, several

smaller ones, and are a heavy burden. Windham, & expensive 11531 704 9362 768 12

50 bridges. Total, 9 bridges. No returns from 6 towns, having

19,176 inhabitants. Andes, 1 bridge, cost $500, now in a useless condition. Colchester, 1 bridge, cost $1250, another is contemplated by the in

Jefferson County. habitants, which will probably cost $1200 or $1500. Total, 2

2995 80 2250

$100 bridges.

Alexandria, 1523


250 3430 125 2000 $100

150 Dutchess County. Amenia, 2389 60 1339

170 172621
7948 205 5900 100

500 North-East, 1689 70 1000

Adams, 7 bridges. Alexandria, 6 bridges. Le Ray, 6 bridges. Pleasant Valley, 2419 55 1350


Tota), 19 bridges. No returns from 15 towns, having 40,567 in.

4168 185 3689
131 170 273

King's County.
Amenia, 8 bridges. Pleasant Valley, 3 public bridges. No re New Eutrecht, 121 17 735
turns from 15 towns, having 46,758 inhabitanis.

No returns from 5 towns, having 19,318 inhabitants.
Erie County.

Lewis County.
783 50 4864 100

507 Lancaster, 50 1750

250 Amherst, 2485 125 2605

500 Pinckney, 3 bridges. No returns from 10 towns, having 14,175 Aurora,

2423 80


250 Boston, 1521 77 1446 250


Livingston County.
3360 7* 200

3250 150
2123 100

Caledonia, 1613 50


1409 $59 1884


200 Concord,


2675 S2 2754 1895 220



1703 94 Hamburgh,

1200 3351 75


$250 Leicester, 1438

2042 75 188

2250 75 Newstead,

425 1926 17

1716 1470 60


Livonia, Wales,

70 2665 100 2200 Sparta, 3777 106 27961 250

200 20695 20556 811

4 833

2253 63
1925 Springwater,

1 800
2636 SO 29371 107

60 Lancaster, 9 bridges. Amhersi, 16 bridges. Aurora, 13 bridges; $250, not enough for repairing bridges, should be $500.

19369 650 17338 $891

$1005 Boston, 7 public bridges; roads in bad order. Clarence, the

Geneseo, 2 bridges, besides several smaller ones; one rebuilı in clerk has returned only the stage road. Collins, 15 brides.

1833 at a cost of $2770; the other to be rebuilt at a cost of $3000. Hamburgh, 10 public bridges. Newstead, 3 bridges, which cost

Groveland, 7public bridges, costing from $50 10 $100 each, about $500. Wales, 18 bridges. Total, 91 bridges. * Stop

Leicester, $525 appropriated, this year, being $100 more than Road.

usual. Livonia, 7 bridges. Sparia, 8 bridges. York, 3 bridges. Franklin County.

Total, 27 bridges. No returns from 4 towns, having 8350 in.

habitants. Malone, 2207 90 1700 $250


Madison County. 12 bridges. 14 towns, having 17,050 inhabitants, making no

Georgetown, 1094 40 712

1 returns.

8220 100 2400

Genesee County.

2544 70 1800


$120 Alabama, 816 75 1625 $250

6858 210 4912


$120 Bergen, 1508 42 1031 100

50 Bethany, 2374 60 1600 250

Georgetown, several bridges. Hamilton, 16 hridges; $800 Byron, 1936 75 1682

appropriated for builiding stone huiments to 2 or 3 of said bridges.

Total, 16 bridges. No returns from 10 lowns, having 32,179 inCastle,

2264 80 1995 Darien, 2500


200 Elba, 2678 125 2185 250

Morroe County.
60 2200 200

2010 99 1319 50

250 Middlebury, 2416 72 1626 92

1 40 Clarkson,
3251 124 3000 200

100 Perry, 2792 75 1674 130


7117 56 1641 150
2474 70 1810 250

Henrietta, 2310 704 19451

3057 96 2226

250 19258 808 19928 1522

446 Pittsford,
1032 15 1483 50

2101 70 1963

200 Alabama, 2 State bridges; causeway, or log road, the dearest


2938 72 2753 50 and worst, in the long run. Bergen, 3 bridges. Bethany, 10

Wheatland, 2239 60 1975

150 bridges. The ordinary means authorised by law wholly inade. quate to render roads and bridges permanently good. Byron, 12

26855 661 182101

983 bridges, 2 of which cost for rebuilding, $500, last year. Castle, 3 bridges, which cost $350 to build. Darien, 12 bridges ; this re Chili, 9 bridges. Clarkson, 14 bridges. Gates, 2 bridges to turned from Darien Centre. Java, 2 bridges; only $75 have build, which cost $100. Henrietta, few bridges, which are but been received this year, for repair of roads. Middlebury, 7 bridges. of urifling expense. Mendon, 30 bridges. Pittsford, 4 bridges. Total, 51 bridges. No returns from 14 towns, having 32,889 in Rush, 3 bridges. Wheatland, 4 bridges. Total, 66 bridges. No habitants.

returns from 7 towns, having 23,007 inhabitants.


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