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23d. Heat very brisk. Temperature, 11

TO CONTRACTORS.

PROPOSALS 690, S6°, 76°; of the soil, 85°. Plants in a

NOTICE is hereby given to all persons who may FOR THE REPUBLICATION OF THE vigorous condition, and some fiuwer buds i disposed to take contracts on the liron and REPORTS OF THE BALTIMORE AND OHIO

RAILROAD COMPANY; almost expanded. A barrow full of com- have determined to commence that work as early in Condensed so as to include, together with other post of the same kind as before used was the spring as circumstances will permit. The En. mauer added thereto, all that is known at the present added to the bed. Water freely supplied sheers will commence the'r surveys about the leth day of the location and the application of Mutive to the plants in fine weather. Some small of March, and will have several Sections ready for Power and Machinery thereupon, accompanied with pegs must now be prepared, to fasten down that definite proposals will be received from that date serve as a Manual of the Railroad System, for the use ihe vines, as they proceed in growth; tbis' to the first ct' June. In the mean time the Board in- of Civil Engineers, to which is prefixed a histry of practice is very beneficial to the successful vile an early inspection of that part of the route to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. cultivation of ibe cucumber, as, in the lat. Chicago, and will afford any informulion that may The work, whose repo is it is thus inu'nded to rebe required of them.

pulilish, was the first of any extent commenced in this ter part of the forcing, when the vines have

All communications will be addressed to "The country for the purposes of general transpurtation; filled the bed, the roots, which are thrown Board of Commissioners of the Illinois and Michi- and its early history is but a series of experiments, out into the soil at every joint, where peg- gan Canal, al Chicago.”.

costly o the Company which had it in charge, but ged down, greaily assist in giving additional

By order of the Board.

furnishing.esults of the greatest value and importance food and nourishment to the plants as they

JOEL MANNING, Secretary to others. The character of the cuuntry through January 20, 1836.

8-60 which the road pessed, involved every species of ex. extend. The old portion of ihe vines near

cavation; and in the construction of the Rail way, althe root sometimes becomes cankery, and * THE NEWCASTLE MANUFACTURING most every mode was successively tried for the pur. in particular when this is the case, the COMPANY, incorporated by the State of Delaware, puse of ascertaining the best. While purtions of the fibres at the joints afford that support which the capital of 200,000 dollars, are prepared w ex. road were straight, others were of the smallest adis cut off froin ihe main roots. These pegs extensive Finishing Shops and Foundrưs for Brass ployed had to be such, therefore, as was suitable to may be made of any small pieces of brush, und Irun, situated in the woun of Newcasil", Delaware, boti, cases. This led to a series of experiments in by taking the part where the branches fork all orders for LOCOMOTIVE and other Steam En: this deparıment of the Railroad System, which has cut. Use one ai every joiat.

lines, and for CASTINGS of every d scription in resulted in the production of Engines preferable to

Brass or Tron RAILROAD WORK of all kinds any in use else's here-equal in speed to the best 271b. The weather has become very finished in the best manner, and at the shortest 10- | imported, and far superior in efficient power. From moderate; the thermometer, in the open ice.

all these circumstances, the reports of the Baliimore air, indicating 70°. The heat of the bed

Orders to be addressed to

and Ohio Railroad, from its cominencement to the

MR. EDWARD À. G. YOUNG, has been well retained, and less covering ai

present day, have been sought for by Civil Engmeers

Superintendeni, at Newcastle, Delaware. for ihe sake of the knowledge which they contain, night required. The roois of the vines liave feb 20-yif

and the frequent d mand for them has suggested to the again appeared, and the scil was drawn

subscriber their republication, with such additional malround the hills to the thickness of about AMES' CELEBRATED SHOVELS, ter as shall consulule a Manual of the Railroad Systhree inches, fully covering all the exirenie

SPADES, &c.

in the present state of knowledge on the subject.

The reporis are now dificult to be pricured, and fibres of the roots: it is asto:ishing with 300 dozens Ames' superior back-strap Slovels

du do piain do

but f w cumpl te sels are known to be in existence. what rapidiry they now extend themselves: 150 do do do cast steel Shuvels & Spades of use to the professicn of Civil Engine ring, it will

While the proposed republication will therefore be we have seen them run through a thickness

do do Gold-mining Shovels of soil of one inch during the night. One 100 do do plated Spades

be the means als of preserving the records of a work

50 do or two staminale (or male) blossoms opened

do socket Shovels and Spades.

whose importance and value are now universally apto-day, and several buds, with embryo fruit. Together with Pick Axes, Churn Drills, and Crowpreciated. The work will be divided into five parts. Bars (steel pointei), manufactured froma Salisbury re

I. History of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad are nearly ready to expand. Temperature, fined Iron--for sale by the manufacturing agents,

Company. 70°, 76o, 70°; of the soil, 82°.

II. The Location of Railroads, including the princi

WITHERELL, AMES & CO. S0tb. Removed three barrows of manure,

No. 2 Liberty sireet, New-York.

ples of reconnoissances, general instrumenand added three of fresh. The pistillate

BACKUS, AMES & CO.

ial surveys, and location for construction. No. 8 Stale street, Albany.

III. The construction of Railrvads, including the ex(or female) flowers, those which show the

cavation and masonry and the construction of N. B.-- Also furnished to order, Shapes of every deembryo fruit, have opened io-day, and the scription, made from Salisbury refined Iron. 4-yif

the Railway on the graduated surface, turn

outs, weighing, &c. operation of " setting the fruit," as it is ge

IV. The motive power including engines, cars, nerally termed, was performed. The pro PATENT RAILROAD, SHIP AND

wagons, &c. priety of this operation having been disputed

BOAT SPIKES.

Y. Forms of contracts for every species of work by many, and as there are various opinions 15 Tne Tiny Irun an! Nail Factory keeps constantly which has to be performed in the construction

for sale a very extensive a sorumenitf Wri ught Spikes of a Railroad. respecting its usefulness, we intend to make and Nails, fro-1 3 10 10 inches, manufactured by tl e sub As it is not practicable to ascertain what sized some remarks in relation to it; bui, as we scriber's Paient Machinery, which after five years suc.) volume or volumes the contemplated work will make, have extended this communication to a

crssful opciation, and now almost universal use in the the price cannot be fixed, but Railroad Companies and greater length than we expected, or than we obtained a putent,) are found superior to any ever offered individuals who may subscribe for it, may rest assur.

ed, that it will be made as reasonable as the nature of have space, at the present time, we leave it in market. until a future opportunity.

Railroad Companies may be supplied with Spikes hav. it will permit Orders directed to ing countersink heads suitable to the holes in iron rails.

F. LUCAS, Jr. Publisher, to any amount anilon sort

Jan., 1836. No. 133 Market street, Baltimore. (To be continued.)

roads now in progress in the United States are fastened
with Spikes mate at the above named factory- for which
purpose they are found in valuabl, as their adhesion is

ARCHIMEDES WORKS.
TO BRIDGE BUILDERS.
more than double any common spikes made by the ham.

(100 North Moor st. N. 1.) Sealed Proposals will be received, until the 15th of Allorriers directed to the Agent, Trny, N. Y., will

AEW YORK, February 12th, 1836. April, for finding materials and building the superbe punctually allended 10.

The undersigned begs leave to inform the proprie.

HENRY BURDEN, Agent. structure of a bridge, over Harlem Creek and llais,

lors of Railroads that they are prepared 10 furnish all on the New York and Harlem Railroad.

Troy, N. Y., July, 1831.

kinds of Machinery for Railroads, Lucumotive EnSaid Bridge to be on the late improvement of Mr. 1 Spikes are kepe for sale, at factory prices, by I. & || gines of any size, Car Wheels, such as are now in sueTown, 24 feel wide in the clear, and 660 fi-ci long be.

! Townseni, Albany, and the principal lion Merchants cessful operation on the Camden and mbuy Railroad,

in Albany and Troy; J. I. Brower, 222 Water street, Newtween the abutments, to be supported by three pi rs

none of which have failed--Castings of all kinds,

York ; A. M. Jones, Philadel; hia; T, Janviers, Baltiof masonry. The bridge to be completed by the 1st

Wheels, Axles, and Buxes, furnished at shortest no more ; Degrand & Smih, Bonbon.

tice. of Nov, ensuing. (ommunications may be addressed

H. R. DUNIAM & CO. P.S ---Railroad Companies would do well to forwari to the undersigned, at his office, No. 9 Chambers their orders as early as practicable, as the subscriber is

4-yif street, where plans and specifications may be seen.

desirous of extending the manufacturing so a to keep pace JOHN EWEN, Jr.

with the daily increasing demard for bis Sp.k's.

1J23am Engineer of the New York and Harlem Railroad.

H. BURDEN.

RAILWAY IRON. 9-t15a RAILROAD CAR WHEELS AND 26.0f inchu by choose... Top Tenno B five in conster BOXES, AND OTHER RAILROAD

40 do. 1. do. I do. sunk holes, ends cut at ALBANY EAGLE AIR FURNACE AND

CASTINGS.

do. 2 do do. an angle of 45 degrees, MACHINE SHOP.

I Alsı, AXLES furnished and filled to whepis com 800 do. 24 do. $ du. with splicing plates and WILLIAM V. MANY manufactures to order, and Foundry Paterson. N. J. All orders adressed to the ere at the Jere son Cotion and Woul Machine Factory

soon expected. najls lv suit. IRON CASTINGS for Gearing Mills and factories of subscribers at Paterson, or 60 Wall street, New York,

250 do. of Edge Rails of 36 lbs. per yard, with the every description. will be promply at niled to.

requisile chairs, keys and pins. ALSO_Steam Engines and Railroad castings of Also, CAR SPRINGS.

rought Iron Rims of 30, 33, and 36 inches diame every description.

alsı), Flange Tires. turned complete.

ter for Wheels of Railway Cars, and of 60 inches diThe colleetion of Patterns for Machinery, is not

ROGERS, KETCHUM, & GROSVENOR. ameter for Locoinotive u heels. equalled in the United States. 9.ly

Axles of 24, 24, 25, 4, 3), 34 and 34 inches in diameter, STEPHENSON,

for Railway Cars and Locomotives, of patent iron. Builder of a superior style of Passenger Cars for Rail The above will be sold free of duty, to State Govern. SMITII & VALENTINE,

road.

menis and Incorporated Governments, and the drawback No. 264 Elizabeth street, near Bleecker street,

taken in part payment.

A. & G. RALSTON, STEREOTYPE TOUNDERS,

New York.

9 South Front street, Philadelphia. RAILROAD COMPANIES would do well to ex.

Models and samples of all the different kinds or Rails, Are prepared to execute orders in their line, amine these Cars; a gpecimen of wbich may be seen on Chairs, Pins, Wedges, Spikes, and Splicirg Plates, in use

that part of the New York and Harlan Railroad now in both in this country and Great Britain, will be ex hibited # at 212 (irand stront, New-York. operation. J8501 those diaposed to examine them.

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AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNALYTULE LUI!.

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CONTENTS:

AERIAL NAVIGATION BY BIRDS.-A curi-||ing into play the resources of our country. Removal; Aerial Navigation by Birds ; True Pa

ous article on this subject appears in the It is the right way. We wish him suctriotism; Hudson and West Swockbridge Rail

December No. of the Loadon Mechanics'||cess. road; Enlargement of the Erie Canal-com Magazine. The writer is of the opinion munication from "Harlem" respecting., 161|| that a sort of light wicker work may be

Extract of a letter, dated Hudson, April 5th. Slate Floors........ 161 drawn through the air by about '30 eagles.

Dear Sir, -As soon as spring opens fairly
Railroad and Canal Intelligence ; Steam Plough ; He thinks that young eagles might be train. we shall have the whole line of our Railroad

Centrifugal Force; Wilmington and Raleigh ed in the same manner that poodle dogs under contract. The whole distance from
Railroad.....

163

and monkeys are in Naples--where he has this to West Stockbridge is about 32 miles. Copy of a Letter from Benjamin Chamberlain,

seen them perform various amusing tricks. The grading of the eastern half of the road first Judge of Cattaraugus County, to the Hon. E. Mack, Chalrman of the Railroad Committee

We agree with him that to " realize a de- is nearly coinplete ; that of the western half of the Senate of New-York; Report of the Ca.

sideratum of this nature, it requires a peral) is light, and will be finished before another nal Board, under the Act passed May 11, 1835, son of property, who would devote bis whole winter, and by the middle of June, 1837, we in relation to the Enlargement of the Erie Canal 161|| time (and money he might have said) to expect to see our cars freighted with marble Evidence of Dr. Lardner on the Great Western the pursuit; as the expense of purchasing to beautify your metropolis. It appears

Railway Bill, 3d of August, 1835...... 166|| and rearing up the eagles, together with now well understood that the Albany Road
Applications of Chemistry to the Useful Arts, be-

able assistants, would be considerable." ing the substance of a Course of Lectures de

will intersect ours, and that half of our Road

One method proposed for the guidance of will be the joint stock of the Hudson, Allivered in Culumbia College, New-York, by

this team is, by means of a long pole hung|bany, and Troy Companies. The Western James Renwick, Professor of Natura Experimental Philosophy and Chemistry.....

169 | after the fashion of a rudder before the car;|| Road from Boston will soon be built, and Agriculture, &c......

173 to the end of this, a piece of meat is to be meet ours at Stockbridge. Passengers from Advortisements....

fastened, and by varying the position of the New York to Boston may then leave New.
pole the eagles are to be guided to one side York in the evening boat, reach Hudson by

or the other. Now setting aside this bird's | daylight the next morning, take the morning AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL. || aversion to any thing but fresh prey, we cars for the east, and be in Boston at two

shudder when we think of the effect of allo'clock, P. M.—do their business, and re

mental ejaculation of those eaglets equiva-||turn the next day to New.York.
NEW-YORK, MARCII 19, 1836.
lent to our “ sour grapes.

With great respect,
The writer himself thinks that “the

Yours, &c., - REMOVAL.-The Office of the Rail- subject in its childish state may appear to

J. W. F.
ROAD JOURNAL, New-YORK FARMER, and border on the ridiculous."
MECHANICS' MAGAZINE, is removed to 132

We do not mean to discourage any rea- || To the Editor of the Railroad Journal :
Nassau street, opposite CLINTON HALL, and
sonable attempt to “navigate the air,” but

Sir,-In Vol. V., No. 7, of your valuable two doors below Beekman street.

we do think it a fortunate circumstance Journal, I find in the annual report of the at Will those Editors to wborn the that this gentleman is not a “man of pro-|| Canal Commissioners to the Legislature of Journal is sent, do me the favor to notice perty.”

the State of New York, on the subject of the this removal, send their papers in ex.

enlargement of the Erie Canal, the follow. change, and request the friends of the Pe.

True PATRIOTISM.-It appears from the ling :-“With a view to the improvement of riodicals in the country to direct their or.

Philadelphia National Gazette, that Bird | the Erie Canal, the Commissioners have ders to me at 132 Nassau street.

Patterson, Esq., of Pottsville, Pa., has of- ||divided the line into four sections,” &c. The favor shall be reciprocated at any | fered ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS A TON FOR “So far as the surveys made last and all times, by

OF GOOD IRON, SMELTED WITH season (uuring only four months) have D. K. MINOR. ANTHRACITE COAL. This gentleman seems developed the practicability of enlarging March 23, 1836.

determined to go to work liberally, in bring-" the Erie Canal, and executing a perma

TEN TONS

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the Erie Canal from the Hudson to Buffaloillare all these difficullies to be avoided? Wellinto one of seven feet in depth, is obtained

"nent work, without MatERIALLY interrupt. We are not alone in the preceding views. the locks. The expense for repairs and “ing the navigation, nothing has apprared They are (and we speak ncı without know. lock tenders, and cost of the locks, would “insurinountable ; it is, however, a

ledge,) the disinterested opinions of three. thereby be lessened, and much linie saved

fourths of the ablest Engineers in the coun-in passing them, which, to those engaged * dificult, and, in some respects, a fearful try, men who are uncommitted on the sub-l in navigation, would be deemed a very iniundertaking." "To the candor of the ject.

portant consideration. Board, and the pen that drew these remarks, A most important item in the absolute Iu exhibiting thus far the comparative all praise is due: it is truly a “ fearful un.

cost of the enlargement remains to be con- merils of a separate channel, we nave sup

sidered. dertaking ;” and how far the city of New.canaut be fully realized, until the improve- enlarged to the size proposed according to

The benefit of the enlarged canal posed that the Erie Canal would or could be York or the West can submit to any ment is eff cred throughout its whole extent. the strict meaning of the term. terial,” or eveu limited curtailment of the Neither the State or the public will there We do not hesitate to express the opin. navigation of the short period allowed us in fore be materially benetilled by it until the lion that (setting aside the idea of a sepa. this worthern latitude, 1 leave you and your work is to be completed. The interest

, here to or enlarge the channel of the Erie

expiration of the 12 or 15 years, when the rate Canal,) it would not be expedient to adreaders to determine. That practical men and therefore, upon the one million of dollars, Canal for a very considerable portion of the engineers of the first order of talents are op- more or less, expended annually from year distance. Independent of the bad location posed to the project of an enlargement, aud | 10 year, for 12 or 15 years, must be estima. in many points of the present Canul, arising have fearlessly pronounced a sepurate and ted in the cost, and by uniting it with the from the want of that experience in the distinct work better and cheaper is too public to the cost of the Erie Canal, i hich of gineers have since obtained, it is 20 ll known

other items above staied, and adding ibereconstruction of such works which our en. to be disputed. Engineers in the service of course is inerged in the enlargement, the that a large Canal requires for its location the State have also said that they were not total cost of the canal as enlarged, will not entirely different ground from a small one. called on for an opinion, or to estimate the be rated by any rational, thinking man, at Tuis is necessary to is security and for cost of a separate and even parallel work to less than twenty-seven millions of dollars. other purposes. If the additional depth of

The question may now be asked, how water required to convert a four feet Canal that such a work was more desirable for any answer

, by opening an entire new channel by raising the banks, the large body of wa. engineer to undertake. It would certainly froin the Hudson to Lake Erie, by the way ter composing the Canal must be sustained present less difficulties, and at probably not of Lake Oviario.

at a greater elevation, compared with the a greater expense than the enlargemeni, The to:al extent of artificial canal requir- natural surface of the ground; if, by de. with the benebit of two separate and distinciled on this route, if the course along the pressing the bottom, there results an intercanals, to provoke competition, and cau be Mohawk valley through Lake Oneida, and the drainage of the adjacent lands.

The Oneida and Oswego Rivers be adopted, executed in much less time. is only 150 iniles, while by the Erie Canal others in the case of the Erie Canal, which

Indlependent of this diffieully, there are An appeal to the representatives of the is 363 miles, making a difference of 213

would render an enlargement of its channel people in relation to the enlargement of the miles of canal. Oct of the route via Syractise in many places improper. Erie Caual, with the signature of Oswego, since it would present the advantages of a

Those who are familiar with the ground has been placed in any bands. I bave read ir towing path the wbole distance, and accom. country through wbich it passes, will ren

on which it is located, and the section of with much interest. In the pen of the writermodate the Salt and Plaster trade, &c., a dily perceive the propriety of this assertion. I think I can discover the comprehensive saving would still be made of nearly 1 70 From the Hudson to' Sehrnectady, or mind of a talented individual and old are miles of artificial canal.

some other point higher up the valley of the

The expense of opening a navigation on Mohawk, a new channel is demanded by quaintance, and I therefore extract a few re- this latter route, having a depth of water the character of the intervening country, inarks, to draw the attention of the public, not less than eight feet, with a width of by which the crossing and recrossing of and particularly the citizens of this State, surface of ninety feet, which is as small a the Mohawk shall be avoided—be Canal to the difficulties which must present them-width as should be allowed for that depth, straightened and the distance materially

will not, by the most liberal computation, lessened.” selves to the most common eye, as to the

HARLEM. exceed eleven millions of dollars, to wit :enlargement of the Erie Canal, except at an 54 millions from the Hudson to U:icas expenditure not to be justified, and which millions from Utica to Lake Ontario-anii

Slate Floors. The following notice would beyond the shadow of doubt, tur- 2 millions from Lake Ontario to Lake Erie nish us with two canals to the " Far West;" -around the Falls of Niagara.

from the London Penny Magazine, will and this, too, even without "The aid" of the

This channel may be opened within five probably be the means of introducing a new General Goverument, to make the desired | We sliall, therefore, by adopting this course, factories, shops, &c., which possesses the

years from the period of iis commencement. and valuable article for foors, for stores, Ship Canal around Niagara Falls. obtain the benefit of a much larger naviga- advantage not only of durability, but also of

tion in about two thirds less time, at an “The importance of making speedy and expense not much exceeding the half or incombustibility; and must therefore, we ample provision for the great and rapidly in what it would cost to make the proposed en-think, come into common use. creasing trade between the East and the largement from Albany to Buffalo. The With a view of testing its advantages, an West, bias for some time been apparent.-- ||obstruction to the navigation so much dread-enterprising gentleman, who is an advocate Thenieans proposed for the accomplishmented will be avoided: a better and more dura. I for (not in the common acceptation of the of this object have appeared to us inadequate ble work will be obtained, as the masonry and unsuited to the purpose.

will be built, and embankments formed, un term, but in reality) "fire proof buildings," There is another very important consi-||der the most favorable circumstances; and has ordered several hundred tons of the deration. The work must, inost of it, be when done, the State, instead of having but article from England, to be laid in stores done at unfavorable seasons, and from the lone Canal, at a cost of nearly 27 millions of necessarily frequent interruptions, the cost dollars, will have two Canals, the combined

now erecting, and soon to be commenced by

him. must be much greater than would naturally cost of which will not vary much from 20 be anticipated. In very many places the millions. The new Canal, if properly loca Slate.-Experiments have been made to present channel must be abandoned, and an trd, may be rendered much straighter than ascertain the applicability of slate to other entirely new one constructed, and, as the the present one, an object of importance, uses than the covering of houses. The rework is to occupy a period of 12 or 15 when it is considered that the boats which sult has been the discovery that, as a mayears!! considerable allowance must be are to navigate it are to be of much larger terial for paving the floors of warehouses, inade for the increase in the mean time of|| dimensions, having treble or quadruble the cellars, wash-houses, barns, &c., where the number of bridges, &c., rendered neces.lonnage of the present boats.

great strength and durability are required, sary by future improvements, and the great The number of the locks inay likewise be it is far superior to any other known ipateer amount of damage from the enhanced very materially reduced by increasing their rial. In the extensive warehouses of the value of lands. To this must be added quad. || lifts. On the Erie Canal the average list of London Docks it has been used on a large ruple the usual allowance for the services of the locks is about & fert. Should this ave. scale. The stones fororing several of the engineers, superintendence, &c., owing torage be increased to 12 feet, or thereabouts, old floors, having become broken and dethe extraordinary length of time required in as it may be with the greatest propriety, cayed, have been replaced with slate two making the enlargement.

one third would be saved in the number oflinches thick ; and one wooden floor, which

SOUTH CAROLINA.

must otherwise have been relaid, has been she Winchester road; the following is from WILMINGTON AND RALEIAN (N. C.) Rallcased with slate one inch thick; and the the Republican:

ROAD.-We published, in our last, an ac. whole have been found to answer very com

The trucks used in removing the pleteli heaviest weights are worked with fewer effects of the railroad already: All seem and intended to have called the attention of

- Our town begins to show the good count of the organization of this Company, hands. The slubs being sawn, and cement. Ito be on the look out for happier and finer our readers to the subject. ed closely together, as ihey are laid down, prospects. Our depot presents quite a buunite so perfectly, that the molasses, ol, siness, appearance : goods for all quarters llaud are gratified to be able to learn that they

We republish it at the request of a friend, turpentine, or other commudity which is are daily arriving there, and any of our spilt upon the floor, is all saved; and, as country friends who have idle 'wagons. I have engaged Walter Gwynn, Esq., as Chief slate is non-absorbent, it is so easily clean. I would find plenty of employment, and am. Engineer, and that it is the intention of the ed, and drivs so soon, that a foor upon ple remuneration, if they should be inclined | Company to prosecute the work with enwhich sugar in a moist condition has been to make a trip to Wheeling-$3 per hun.

ergy. placed, may be made ready for the recep- dred is now paid for transportation from tion of the most delicate goods in a few Winchester to Wheeling.

WILMINGTON AND RALEIGH RAILROAD. hours. Wagons or carts containing four or five tons of goods, pass over truck.waysiduce upon this road, that the motive power So great was the accumulation of pro.

Meeting of Stockholders.

Pursuant to public notice, the Stockhold. of two-inch slate without making the slight

ers in the Wilmington and Raleigh Rail. est impression. In no one instance has it of the Company was fuund inadequate.

road, met at the Court House in Wilming. been found that a floor made of sawn slate T'he Baltimore and Ohio Company very || ton, N. C., on the 14th March, 1836, and has given way; in point of durability, there-pro.nptly sent them assistance in the shape were organized by the appointment of fore, it may be considered superior to every of a locomotive.

Wm. D. Mosely, Esq., as Chairman, and other commodity applied to such uses. The

Gen. James Owen as Secretary. consequences of this discovery have been,

After the objects of the meeting were that full employment is fuund in the quarries which produce the best descriptions of

This State having appropriated $10,000 to explained, the following proceedings took

place. slates, and that additional employment has the survey of the Cincinnati and Charlesbeen given to the British shipping engaged on Railroad, has also appointed Com.|| Dadley, Gen. Alex'r Mac Rae, and James

On motion, Resolved, That Gen. E. B. in the coasting trade.—[Froni a Correspon.I missioners to advance the measure. It is S. Green, Esq., be a committee to examine dent.)

understood that several of the United such proxies as may be presented. This

States Engineers have volunteered their ser. Il committee reported that '1296 shares are RAILROAD AND CANAL vices, and that the Secretary of War will represented by, proxy," and 3360 by indi

vidual stockholders. INTELLIGENCE.

suffer all such as can be spared to report Resolved, That the salary of the Presi

themselves to the Commissioners for ser. dent of this Company be fixed at $2000 MASSACHUSETTS. vice.

per annum.

Resolved, that the offices of Secretary T'he bill authorizing the Treasurer of the The members of the Kentucky Legisla-|| and Treasurer be filled by the same person, Cominonwealth to subscribe one million of ture hare held a meeting, and appointed || during the present year, at a salary of $1000 dollars to the Western Railroad has pass- delegates to the Convention at Knoxville, || per annun. ed one branch of the Legislature, by a voie to be held next 4th of July.

Mr. Lazarus, Chairman of the Cormis.

sioners, submitted their report, which was so strong, as to leave no doubt as to its final

MISSISSIPPI.

accepted. Jackson and Brandon Railroad. - Books

The meeting proceeded to elect a Presi. This Company has a charter for a road from Worcester to West Stockbridge,

were opened on the 2d instant, in Jackson deni and ten Directors. A ballot being had,

and Brandon, for subscription of stock in Gep. E. B. Dudley was elected President, forming a most important liok in the chain this company. One thousand shares, of and Andrew Joyner, W. D. Mosely, James og communication between Albany and $100 each, were allotted to the people of S. Battle, A. Lazarus, A. Anderson, Wm. Bosion.

Rankin county, which were taken before B. Meares, P. K. Dickinson, James Owen,
night on the first day. This really looks R: H. Cowan, and Thomas H. Wright,

Directors.
NEW-YORK.
like “ going ahead.”

Whereas, subscriptions to the capital A large meeting held at Delhi, has pass

stock of this road have been made along ed a series of resolutions, urging the imme.

STEAM.Plaugh.–At a meeting of the the cont mplated route, as well as at Wil

Grantham Agricultural Association, Mr.mington-therefore, diate advancement of the Erie Railroad, and requesting the Senator of the districi || at work in Lancashire, which did its work reciors be authorised to have the road comHanley stated that he had seen a steam.plough

Resolved, That the President and Dito vote for the bill.

remarkably well, and turned up an acre of || menced both at Wilmington and Halisax,

wet land, ai a depth of nine inches, in 1 hour || due regard being bad to the amount subMARYLAND.

and 50 minutes. - London Mechanics' Mag.) scribed north and south of Contentnea The difficulties in the location of the

creek ; and that the President and Directors Baltimore and Port Deposite Railroad have

CENTRIFUGAL FORCE.-At Little Green be instructed to commence the work with been removed at lası by the Legislature. Logwood mill, Middleton, near Manchester, as little delay

as possible. The question was, as to the right of the occupied by Mr. George Wolstencroft, there Resolved, Thai the President and DirecCompany to select a ceriain route-con- is a grindsione used for grinding the rasping|tors be hereby directed to cause the road to trary to the wishes, it appears, of the in. knives for cutting logwood, upwards of 15 be located on the most eligible route from

feet in circunference, and ii inches and this place to Halifax. habitants. No suspension of the operations upwards thick. On the 24th ult, as Mr.

Resolved, That a general meeting of the has taken place, and it is thought that the John Wolstencroft, the son of the occupier,|| stockholders shall be held in this place on work will be completed sooner than was and another young man, were grinding the the first Monday in November next, and originally contemplated.

knives at the stone, the young mau had | thereafter, annually, on the first Monday in

screwed the machine in which the knife is May. Maryland Internal Improvement Bill.-held for grinding, rather too tight; this be Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow. This bill, providing ten millions for the im-ing observed by Mr. John, who also saw provement in the State, has been referred that the stone was revolving at a tremen.

'Tuesday, March 15. to the next General Assembly, much to the cautious. No sooner had ihe words drop. dous speed, be desired the young man to bi

Stockholders met at the Town Hall.

Resolved, That the President and Disorrow of the good Baltimoreans.

ped from his lips, than the stone broke in rectors be authorised to re-open the books

several pieces, one of which, weighing not of subscription, at such times and places as PENNSYLVASIA.

less than 6 or 7 cwt., forced its way through The canal navigation has opened, with a wall a brick and a half thick, and drove a

The proxies were, Hon. Wm. D. Mosely, repre. unusual spirit, it is said.

large quantity of the bricks upwards of 20 senting the Lenoir stoch; Robert Soutter, Esq., the

yards from the wall.-(A similar aecidentNorfolk do.; Gen. Blount, of Nashville, the Nash and VIRGINJA. Great rejoicing attended the opening of p. 32.]-[London Mechanics' Magazine.) occurred some years ago. See vol. xvii. Edgecombe do.; Dr. Andrews and Mr. Lane, of

Waynesboro', the Wayne do.; and Gon. Alex'r Mac
Rae, the Edgecombo do.

success.

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they may deem expedient, and under the year until after the 20th of the latterfine quality. From my personal knowledge superintendence of Commissioners, to be month. In the spring it is also most inva- |of the quantities sawed at the different mills appointed by them, for an amount of stock riably clear of ice by the 1st of March, and in the vicinity, I estimate the amount annunot exceeding 2,000 shares.

sometimes earlier; and I never knew it to ally exported down the river to be froın 150 Resolved, That a Committee of threc be be later than the 101h of March. I was on to 200,000 feet. Of that amount at least appointed by the Chair, 10 draft and pre-iis banks on the fifth day of the present one fifth is what is termed "pannel stuff,' sent, for the consideration of thic Stockholu. month, and the ice then was out of the worth at Olean, in average years, $7 per ers, at their vext general meeting, a code of|river, and the navigation open and uninter- thousand; at Cincinnati, from 12 to 14 dolBye-Laws for the regulation and govern-rupted.

lars, and in the city of New York (as I am ment of the Company.

The stream, leading into the Ohio, forms informed) from 2 to 36 dollars per thouWhereupon, W. B. Meares, A. Lazarus, the only direct communication between sand. The streams of our county afford and A. Anderson, were appointed said Com-| this Staie and the valley of the Mississippi; hydraulic power sufficient to manufncture mittee.

and several years ago, it used to form one more than double the amount of lunsber On motion of Gen. Blount,

of the principal channels through which now sent to market. Resolved, That the Engineer be instruct-the emigration to the far west was con In conclusion I beg leave to add, that very ed to examine a route touching at or nearducted. Emigrants were in the habit, un- little, indeed scarcely any, of the lands of the town of Waynesborough, on Neuse til diverted by the opening of the Erie canal Cattaraugus or Allegbang counties can proRiver, and thence at or near Rocky Mount, and by other channels through Pennsyl- perly be denominated waste land. Although the great Falls of Tar River, and reporivania, of embarking at Olean, in our county, our inhabitants have been principally ei. thereon to the President and Directors, and I have known from four to five hun-gaged in the manufacture and export of luni['his resolution amended on motion ofdred arks to leave that place in a single ber, the soil of a great part of their lands is Gen. A. Mac Rae]—and alsɔ by Duplin season. An ark built water tight, and se. capable, with proper cultivation, of producCourthouse, Rockford on Neuse, and 'Tar- curely covered, so as to carry filty tons of ing good wheat, and it presents capabilities borough, and such other routes as may be merchandise, can be built for fifty-five dol- for grazing not surpassed by any part of the suggested or approved by the President and lars. Its draft of water will not exceed 16 State. We are, nevertheless, laboring un. Directors.

inches, and there is hardly any season of der great disadvantages for want of the Resolved, That the thanks of the Stock - the year in which there is not that depih means of cheap transportation. The wagholders be rendered to the Chairman ofl of water in the river, all the way from oning of our salt and plaster, which we the Commissioners, and the Chairman and Olean 10 Pittsburg. In order to rast lumber are compelled to draw from Buffalo and BaSecretary of this meeting, for the zeal- | !o advantage, a greater depth of water, say|tavia, distances of 60 and 70 nuiles, costs as ous and able discharge of their respective from two to three feet, is requisite; and ibis much as the salt and plaster themselves, and duties.

will explain why the running of lumber in yet you will perceive that the population of The meeting adjourned, to meet in this ratis is frequently delayed for a week or a our county, which in 1825 amounted to only place on the first Monday in November fortpigbi after the river is clear of ice in the 9.643 inhabitants, bad increased in 1830 10 next.

spring, and sufficiently deep for arks carry- 16,726, and, according to the census of 1825, W. D. Mosely, Chairman.ling merchandise. I have never during the just returned, has reached to 24,986. JAMES Owen, Secretary. last twenty-eight years, known the river to

I am respectfully yours, fail to be navigable during the month of

B. CHAMBERLAIN. Immediately after the adjournment of March, both for arks and rafts. The chan-Hon. Ebenezer Mack, Ch'n the meeting of Stockholders, the Directors nel of the river is free from rocks or other

Railroad Committee of the met, and appointed Gen. ALEXANDER Mac obstructions. The bed of the stream con

Senate of New York. RAE Superintendent of the Railroad, and sisis of gravel or rounded pebbles, renderJames S. Green, Esq., as Secretary anding its descending navigation usually seTreasurer. They also instructed their Pre-cure, and much superior in ibat respect to sident to eng. ge the services of Walter the Susquehannah, and even to the Ohio REPORT OF THE CANAL BOARD, UNDER THE GWYNN, Esq., as their Principal Engineer ;| itself below Pittsburg.

ACT PASSED MAY 11, 1835, IN RELATION and in pursuance of authority given by The width of the river at Olean is about the Stockholders, have determined forth-|| 20 rods;, at the State line, betwen 30 and 40 with to re-open books of subscription for rods; at Warren, (18 miles below the State an amount not exceeding 2,000 stares. line, and where it receives an important

Continued from our last. The services of Major Gwynn have been lake,) between 40 and 50 rods; and all of the Erie Canal, has for several years

branch from the outlet of the Chautauque The necessity of adding to the capacity engaged, and the survey will be commencedPittsburg, upwards of 100 rods. At an ave: been apparent; and so forcibly was this imniediately.

rage state of the water, the current Aows at
the rate of 5 miles an hour, but at its low matter impressed on the Legislature of

stages, not more than 3 and an half. From 1834, that an act was passed authorizing COPY OF A LETTER FROM BENJAMIN CHAM- the State line to Pittsburg, the distance by the construction of an additional set of lift BERLAIN, FIRST JUDGE OF CATTARAUGUS the river is 102 miles, and from Olean 42 locks from Albany to Syracuse.

miles further. In a fair state of water, arks COUNTY, TO THE HON. E. MACK, CHAIR

An additional set of locks would increase can be run from Olean to Pittsburg in less the capacity of the Erie Canal about 80 per MAN OF THE RAILROAD COMMITTEE OF | than three days, and in any stage when the THE SENATE OF NEW-YORK.

river is navigable, in 5 days. The ark is cent., and might prolong the absolute ne

worth, at Pittsburg, as much as it costs at cessity of enlarging the Canal a few years. Albany, March 16, 1836. Olean, and if desired, it could continue But when the circumstances under which Dear Sir,--In compliance with your re- down the Ohio with its load of merchan- | the enlargement must be made are properly quest, that'l should state the facts within dise, to Cincinnati or Louisville. It would considered, it will readily be seen that sevemy knowledge, relative to the navigation reach Cincinnati from Pittsburg, in the ral years must necessarily be occupied in of ihie Alleghany river, and the lumber pro- spring, in 5 or 6 days. The expeuse of the execution of the work. Hitherto the ducts in its vicinity, I beg leave to inform running merchandise on arks as above men business on the Canal has exceeded the you that I removed into the present countyftioned, from Olean to Pittsburg, will not of Cartaraugus, about twenty eight years exceed 15 cents, and probably, not over 12; public expectation. If we take into view ago, being at that time seventeen years of cents per 100 pounds.

the unparalleled fertility and increasing proage, where I have ever since resided, and Steamboats have occasionally ascended ductiveness of that immense country, the during the whole of the time within three the river as far as Warren, and upon one commercial intercourse of which with the miles of the river in question. My busi- occasion as high as Olean.

Atlantic must be carried on by the Erie ness has been that of rafting lumber down respect to the price of lumber lands in Canal, it is not difficult to imagine a constant thar stream, which I have descended every || the vicinity of the river, I have to state that and rapid augmentation of business, and it year during that period, at least once a the average quantity produced upon them is more than probable that the improvement year- and in sone years' four or five will not vary much from 15,000 feet of|| in question will be required as soon as its times.

boards to the acre; though I have known a From the knowledge thus acquired, 1|| single acre to yield from 50 to 70,000 feet.

execution can be accomplished on the pream enabled to state, that the navigation of There cannot be less than 500,000 acres of sent plan of operations. the river always remains open in the fall, and thus covered within 30 miles of the Another important consideration which until late in December, and frequently into route of the New-York and Eric Railroad. is entitled to great weight, in determining January. It was not closed the presenıf of this lumber an unusual proportion is of the question of time, within which the im

TO THE ENLARGEMENT OF THE ERIE

CANAL.

In

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