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it was

ternal Improvement, be appli

route possesses advantages not equalled, || that date to the first of June. In the mean ed to the improvement of two

certainly not excelled, by any other between time the Board invite an early inspection of important roads, if deemed ex

Lake Erie and the Ohio. T'he whole that part of the route to Chicago, and will pedient,

4,000'|length of the road is only about 96 miles, afford any information that may be required For stock in the Lexington and

passing through a remarkably level country, of them. Ohio Railroad Co.-to assist

abounding in materials necess

essary for the All communications will be addressed to in constructing the line be

construction of the work. The Southern" The Board of Commissioners of the Illitween Louisville and Frank

part of the route, which is decidedly the nois and Michigan Canal, at Chicago.” fort,

200,000 most difficult, has recently been surveyed By order of the Board.
by a competent engineer, and found not only

JOEL MANNING, Secretary.

Jan. 20, 1836. $554,000 practicable, but of easy construction. The In addition to this, the bill places under following is an extract from the engineer's the direction of the Board of Internal Im- report, dated at East Liverpool, Colum- | RAILROAD CONVENTION AT Windsor, vt. provement, all monies arising from the old biana Co., January 16, 1836 :

Pursuant to public notice, a Convention Bank of Kentucky, and the Bank of the

“I procured excellent levelling instru- was held at Windsor, Vt., on Wednesday, Commonwealth, &c. There can be no

ments and all the necessary assistance, and the 20th day of January, 1836, for the purdoubt, we suppose, of the passage of the bill proceeded to level the only Railroad route pose of taking preliminary measures for the through the House.

from the river that is considered eligible construction of a Railroad through the ValWe are unable to say what amount will be within the limits of this county, namely, leys of the Connecticut and Passumpsic appropriated to Turnpike Roads, but sup

from East Liverpool by the valley of Car-Rivers to the St. Lawrence; connecting ppse it will not fall short of four or five hun- penter's Run, to the summit between the with New-Haven and New-York. dred thousand dollars.

river and Beaver creek, called Houston's At ten o'clock, A. M., above one hundred

suininit; from thence down the valley of and sixty gentlemen, from the States of MICHIGAN.

Hogle Run, to Frederickstown, near the Connecticut, Massachusetts, New HampDETROIT AND Sr. Joseph River RAIL- mouth of the east branch of Beaver, which shire, Vermont, and Canada, assembled and ROAD.—At a meeting of the Directors of the embraces the whole of the difficult part of took seats as members of the Convention. Detroit and St. Joseph River Railroad, the route to the Lake, i. e. that part that is On motion of C. Coolidge, Esq., the held at the Bank of Michigan last evening, by some considered impracticable. Convention proceeded to the election of a

The final result of said level was more President; and ELIPHALET Averill, Esq., Resolved, That this Board will put under flattering than its greatest friends had anti-||of Hartford, Ct., was chosen, and took the contract so many miles of the Railroad, as cipated.

Chair. the means furnished by the Stockholders will

I found the fall both ways from the sum On motion, Mr. Eratus FAIRBANKS, of permit.

mit to be very uniform, and after deducting St. Johnsbury, Vt., and Mr. John C. HolResolved, That if twenty thousand dollars 25 feet for a cut, and 45 feet for a bridge BROOK, of Brattleborough, Vt., were elected be added by the citizens of Ann Arbor to the at Frederickstown, (both of which can be Vice Presidents, and took seats as such. sum already subscribed, it will, in the opinion effected without difficulty,) that the summit On motion, Messrs. I. W. HUBBARD and of this Board, be sufficient, with the sum so can be overcome at 33 feet per mile from Jo. D. Hatch, of Windsor, Vt., were apsubscribed, to construct the Road as farwest the flat at Liverpool, and 31 feet per mile pointed Secretaries. as Ann Arbor.

creek.” Resolved, That the Chief Engineer be The distance from East Liverpool to|mittees were appointed to report upon,

After the appointment of officers, Comdirected to commence the construction of Houston's summit is only three and threethe Railroad on some section as staked out fourth miles; and from thence to Frede

Ist. The practicability of constructing between Detroit and Dearborn, forthwith. rickstown only four and one-eighth miles. the proposed Road.

From thence to the Lake ridge the country 2d. The resources of the territory fall

presents nearly a level surface ; and froin ing within the influence of its route. Railroad West OF THE Mississippi.- the Lake to the ridge it has been ascertainThe people of St. Louis, Missouri, areed that a road may be constructed with an

3d. Its importance in a national point of about projecting a Railroad from that place ascent which renders the use of locomotive view—as a portion of a continuous line of to Fayette, upwards of a hundred miles west power on this part of the route perfectly communication through the Union. of the Mississippi. The cost, it is supposed, practicable and easy:

It will be seen by 4th. For procuring charters not yet obwill not exceed $5000 per mile, and great the advertisement of the Commissioners in tained, and the uniting with companies aladvantages to the trade of St. Louis are ex- another column that books will be opened pected to flow from the measure, if adopted. for subscription for stock on the 31st of ready incorporated. It is thus that our Western brethren are March next.

5th. To draft resolutions, supplying the links of that great chain of

6th. For correspondence and publicaRailroad communication, which before the

ILLINOIS AND MICHIGAN CANAL.-The

tion. end of this century, will probably be unbro-following notice shows that this important

7th. To ascertain the amount of availaken between the Atlantic seaboard and the work is to be commenced and prosecuted | ble water power of the Connecticut and its furthest limits of habitation in the West with vigor. Chicago—the city of CHICAThe Atlantic and Pacific Railroad will one

tributaries, from tide water, and also of the day be the name of that splendid whole, of Go, as it will soon be called—will soon feel which the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is its influences. We cannot at this distance

streams descending to the St. Lawrence, in now one of the parts. sce how any portion of the State can op

the vicinity of the termination of this Road.

From the reports of the Committees unASHTABULA, WARREN AND East Li-pose such a work.

der the 1st, 2d, 3d, and 7th resolutions, we VERPOOL RAILROAD,-We have before us To Contractors. -Notice is hereby || make such extracts as we deem of general the act to incorporate the Ashtabula, War- given to all

persons who

may feel disposed ren and East Liverpool Railroad Company. Ito take contracts on the Illinois and Michi- interest, omitting all such parts of the reThe friends of this important work, which gan Canal, that the Board of Commission- || ports and proceedings as are common to all is to connect Lake Erie with the Ohio river, ers have determined to commence that work | similar assemblages. by a short, direct and feasible route, will be as early in the spring as circumstances will gratified to learn, by a perusal of the char- permit. The Engineers will commence of the Committee under the 6th resolution,

The report, or address, or rather APPEAL, ter, that its provisions are liberal, and such their surveys about the 10th of March, and as cannot fail to be satisfactory to capitalists will have several sections ready for contract to the inhabitants who will be so generally who ar. desirous of investing their funds in by the first of May. It is therefore expected benefitted by the construction of the Road, the sto k of the Company. We believe this that definite proposals will be received from is so just, so appropriate, and indeed, so

to

FAR WEST.

eloquent, and so equally appropriate to ma. || per mile less than the estimates of a Road |and freight from the cities of New-York' ny other parts of the country, that we shall similar to the Worcester and Providence New Haven, and Hartford, and collaterally Roads.

from Boston, with the cities of Montreal endeavor to give it entire in a subsequent

“ The estimated expense of a Road, the land Quebec; creating, through the valleys number, our columns being, for the present, whole distance, constructed upon the plan of the Connecticut and Passumpsic Rivers, in consequence of the interruption of the first mentioned, would amount io $3,705,000 a pleasant, convenient and expeditious thoJournal, by the late fire, crowded with in-Upon the last mentioned plan, 1,995,000|| roughfare between the cities of the Atlan

tic and the St. Lawrence. It contemplates teresting subjects long delayed.

Making a saving in expense, of $1,710,000 making easily accessible an extensive sec. C. Coolidge, Esq. submitted the follow “It is well known that the surveys of tion of country, abounding in resources for ing resolution, which was read and adopted: Messrs. Huichinson nnd Clinton were made lagricultural and manufacturing operations,

Resolved, That Col. James Stevens, of for a then contemplated Canal, and of ne-bui whose remote situation from the seaNewport

, R. I., Engineer, P. H. Knowlton, cessity must have been confined to the board markets now render those resources of Lower Canada, and Chs. H. Peaslee, streains; but in a survey for a Railroad it in a degree unavailable. The face of the Esq., of Concord, N. H., be invited to take is highly probable to your Committee that country receding froin the rivers is hilly, seats in the Convention, and assist in the the route will be varied in many essential but not mountainous-he soil is rich and deliberations of the same. particulars.

durable, and as it respects the middle and Col. J. Stevens, from the Committee ap Your Committee further report, from northern parts, the heights are capable of pointed by virtue of the first resolution, the best information they have been able to cultivation quite to their sumniits. In ma. made the following report, which was read obtain, that the route from the line of Canany points the Connecticut River affords and accepted :

da to St. Johns, a distance of about seventy water power in abundance, while its tribu“ The Committee beg leave to report :- miles, intersecting the Champlain and Si

. taries, alınost without exception, are avana“Thut, in their opinion, the same is high. Lawrence Railroad, is highly practicable, ble for hydraulic purposes, at short disly practicable; thai they have had under and through a level and fertile country, and tances, through nearly the whole course, consideration the survey of Mr. Hutchinson hat froin the well known enterprise of the furnishing sites for long and continuous thro:gh the valley of the Connecticut River inhabitants of the eastern townships in the lines of manufacturing establishments. And frorn Hartford, in Connecticut, to McIndoe's Province of Lower Canada, should the now perhaps it would not be hazardous to preFalls

, in Burnei, Vermont, near the mouth contemplated Railroad be extenled to the dict, that should the proposed Railroad be of Passumpsic River, a distance of aboui Province line, a communication would completed, the middle and northern sections 220 miles, and the survey of De Witt Clin- soon be opened from that terminus to Mon of the route would, at no remote period, beton, Jr. from thence to Canada line on Lake real, and that the expense of constructing corne the great manufacturing mart of this Memphremagog, a distance of about 65 he same will not exceed the foregoing esti continent. miles, showing a plan and profile of the nate; and they further report, ihat there "It may be here added, that the country country, surveyed for a canal on said route,

is another route in contemplation from the to be traversed by the Road abounds in being the same which is now contemplated Province line throngh the valley of the St. suitable materials for the construction of a for a R vilrout. Knowing those genilemen Francis to the St. Lawrence, in the direc- Railroad, such as cedar, tamarac, pine, to be profession il engineers of high respec.

tion of Quebec, which is represented to be granite, &c., while in the northern part of tability, your Connittee have not hesitated equally practicable, and affording equal fa- Vermont, and near the contemplated route, to co:ne to the conclusion, unanimously,

cilities.

JAMES STEVENS, inexhaustible veins of iron ore have been that, so far as rise and fill are to be regard

for the Committee." discovered, and companies of heavy capied, no unusual obstacle is presented; that, Charles M. Emerson, from the Commit

lalisis have already commenced the manufor so great an extent, the route is uncom.tce raised under the second resolution, made facture of iron on an extensive scale. monly level, and that ihere is no one point the following report, and ihe same was "It is evident ihat one great source of of obstruction in the whole extent that inay read and accepted.

revenue to stockholders in the proposed not be rea lily overco.ne, and that without “ The Committee beg leave to report :

-Railroard, inust be ihe transportation of

That, from the nature and magnitude freight. Of the amount of produce and Thai, in reference to the soil, in add- of ihe subject, the materials to be coinbined, merchandise, which would find their way tion to the knowledge possessed by the und the great variety and extent of infor- from the valley itself and the avenues lead. Connittee individually, they have acquired mation necessary to do it justice, they found ing thereto, over the Road, the Committee such information as has been within their lit impossible to furnish, in the short time could furnish no satisfactory or accurate esreach, and f:el confident in affirming that allowed them, a statemant which would attimale, as they had no data before them by throughout the whole route, the earth is once comprehend and elucidate the objects which they could be governed with much feasible and of easy excavation—and that of the reference. To forın an estiinate of certainty; but from the known character all the materials for constructing a Railroad he vast and inexhaustible resources of the and physical advantages of the valley, the are found abundant and cheap upon every valley of the Connecticut, its whole surface vast business already transacted therein, part of the line.

should be attentively surveyed; full ab. the numerous manafactories in operation, “ Your Committee report, in reference to stracis should be re: urned from every town, and the great quantity of produce exported the expense

of constructing said Railroad, containing the amount of articles purchased annually, they feel warranted in giving it on the inost permanent and approved plan for home consump:ion, and sold for consump- as their opinion, that the Road would şimilar to the Boston, Worcester, and Provi-tion elsewhere ; its capacities for improve. be well supported by tolls receivable from dence Rozdz, that the costs of 'superstruc-ment and production shonkl be ascertained; freight alone, exclusive of the tolls to be ture, exclusive of grading, will be eig! | its mineral wealth should at least be par- derived from passengers. From a report thousand dollars per mile, for a single track, ially explored; its streams should be accu- submitted to the subscribers for procuring including the turn-outs ; and that the gra-rately guaged, and the power of its waters la survey of the Western Railroad, extendding, on an average, will not exceed firelexamined; while its nainral advantages, ing from Worcester to the Hudson River, thousand dollars per mile for a double track, unrivalled in any other section of the coun- prepared by their engineer after a long and including masonry, bridging, enrineering, try, should be presented and shown to be critical investigation, it appears that the and all contingent expenses. But, con- || available. Such an estimate must be the number of inhabitants within the territory, sidering the abundance of timber in the vi- || result of patient and industrious inquiry, to be affected by said road, is not far from cinity of the route, suitable for constructing and, with its details, would fill a volume. 220,000-—the amount of freight wbich in a Railroad, and the facility of obtaining the Your Committee, therefore, could do no all probability would be transported over sarne, other plans equally practicable and more than approach the threshhold of the the Road would exceed 148,000 tons far less expensive, might be advantageous-Anties assigned them, and point out the while the tolls receivable from passengers, ly adopted. The superstructure of the more obvious features of the route

.

per annum, would exceed $170,000. The Rond with timber, without rubble-stone, “ The enterprise contemplated, is, the present population of the district falling might be constructed for sixthousand dollars I opening a communication for passengers || within the influence of our contemplated

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Road, will not fall much short of 500,000 || fare the easiest and most direct to and from lif successful, it is likely to afford to the inhabitants. In 1830, the three counties the St. Lawrence; no doubts could be enter-Union at large. in Massachusetts bordering on the rivertained, that another large source of revenue “All which is submitted per order. contained 91,394 inhabitants—the four would be derived from passengers.

“Geo. T. Davis, for Committee." Western counties of New Hampshire 93,755 "C. M. EMERSON, for Committee."

Thursday, Jan. 21. and the six eastern counties of Vermont,

F. E. Phelps, from the Special Com135,586. The amount of business trans George T. Davis, from the Committee acied in the district alluded to, is unques. ||on the 3d resolution, made the following re- the amount of available water-power with.

mittee appointed to ascertain and report tionably as great in proportion to the num- || port, which was read and accepted. ber of inhabitants, as that transacted in the

in the range of the proposed Road, submit

The Committee beg leave to report:territory over which the route for the West

ted the following report, which was read ern Railroad was surveyed, and laking the “ The brief space allowed to your Com- and accepied :

“ Your Coinmittee, to whom was referabove report as a basis, from which some| mittee for the making of their report, will estimate may be made, and giving the same prevent them from giving more than a gene- red the subject of water-power within the proportion of tonnage to the number of in- ral view of the subject committed to them. / Valley of Connecticut River and its tribuhabitants within the influence of the con- | A great deal, indeed, of the evidence which tary streams, as also the water-power withtemplated route, there can scarcely be less has been or will be presented to the meet- in the valleys of the streains runniug north than 400,000 tons to be transported overing by other Committees, will apply to this from the head waters of Passumpsic River, the Road. Full returns from a few towns, subject also. The territory which the pro- with instructions 10 report generally as 10 and partial returns from some others, fully posed Road will travese, and whose inhabi- lhe probable amount of said water-power, sanction the above estimate, which your tants will be directly and largely benefitted having given 10 the subject such consideraCommittee believe to be far below the whole by it, is three hundred miles in extent; ittion as the limited time would allow, retruth. is, beyond comparison, the most fertile dis- spectfully report :

" That, in estimating the water-power, "Much statistical information was com- ||trict in New-England; it possesses water municated by members of the Convention power, (fiurnished by the magnificent river your Committee hare based the estimaies to the Committee, which they had not time from which it is named, and by the tributa- | upon the quantity of water running in the to incorporate into a repori, and indeedries of that river,) enough, it is believed, to rivers and strean:s at low water: and inas

much as the quantity of water passing they found it impracticable to do so with drive all the looms now in operation in the

over the falls upon Connecticut River at reference to any general result; but they Union; it supports a population equal to dication of what may be expected from the United States; and it is capable of support the falls located above Bellows Falls, the selected the following as affording some in. one sixteenth of the entire population of the low water below Bellows Falls, is consideraentire region. The annual exports anding ten times that number, if the facilities imports from the town of Derby, Vt., con- which have been given by nature shall be average of the whole is sct somewhat hightaining 1400 inhabitants , and bordering on improved and rendered available by the art It will also be perceived that the surplus

er than the quantity passing at that place. Canada line, exceed 200 tons—from Bar- and enterprise of inan. net, with about 1800 inhabitants, over 370 large a population—the developinent of quantity of water running av periods of

high water, as also the quantity of water lonsfrom Coventry, Vt., with about 800 || such great resources, cannot be an unwor. inhabitants, 166 tons—from Brownington, ||thy object of protection to a government months in the spring of the year, are not

running in the streams for two or three Vt., with 500 inhabitants, about 60 tons, which seeks, by reasonable attention to the taken into the account, although in many from Barton, Vt., with 1000 inhabitants, || claims of each section, to promote the com-insiances a large amount of power derived 112 tons—from the manufacturing village mon prosperity of ihe whole.

from the spring and other high water, is not of Bradford, Vt., 1500 tons—from Lyndon,

"But there are special as well as general only available for many purposes, but actuVt., with 1500 inhabitants, 300 tons—from

reasons which, in the opinion of your Com-ally used in the manufacture of lumber and Glover, Vt., with 1200 inhabitants, 120– tons—from two establishments in St. Johns-culiar interest to the General Government. an occasional power.

mittee, make this enterprise a matter of pe- other branches of business requiring only bury, Vt., whose operations are connected, || This Road will run straight from the sea600 tons---from one in Brattleborough, 250|| board to the frontier of a neighboring gov- mate into a convenient shape, and placing

“For the purpose of bringing the esiitons, and from one in Stratford, Vt., the

ernroent. Should we continue at peace it in such a light as to be readily understood, copperas works, 2200 tons. It is proper with that government, a traffic and inter-||and easily compared with other power of a to remark, that no returns were received

course of the nost profitable kind, with the similar kind, your Commitiee have estima. from the large towns on the river, and that the amount of tong exported and imported mighiy impulse from this work, and will cotton mills it is capable of operating, esti

subjects of that government, will receive a ted the quantity of water by the number of from and to the same would doubtless ex- have a tendency to secure, by a strong ad-mating each coiton mill at 4,000 spindles. ceed the foregoing average. The expenses ditional bond of mutual interest and intima of transportation to and from the eastern

"From the level of ihe water in the pond counties of Vermont, will average at least the two countries. This remark will ap-level or lide-water at low tide opposite the

cy, the present friendly relations between above the dam at McIndoe's Falls to the $20 per ton, and the expense per ton, from

ply with still greater force to the effect city of Har:ford, the whole fall in Connecti. Hartford, Ct., to Springfield, Mass.

, a dis- which this and other similar works, of|cui River is 449 fect 6 inches—of this 449 tance of only 26 miles, is two dollars per which this is but a continuation, will have feet, 270 feet is estimated at the dams at ton. Some idea, therefore, can be formed on the relations of ihe several States of our | Mcindoe's Falls, Dodge's Falls, White from the above facts, of one source of in-Union. Composed, as that Union is, of River Falls, Quechee Falls, Bellows Falls, come from the Road.

many sorereignties, spread over so wide an Miller's Falls, South Hadley Falls, and "In regard to the number of passengers extent of country, and embodying many Enfield Falls, and the remaining 179 feet 6 who would probably take this route, your contending interests, there is much reason inches is distributed in unequal proportions Committee had no facts on which an esti-why every well-wisher to his country should along the whole extent of the river between mate could be founded, but when we con- hail the progress of improvemenis which, the several dams. sider, that the population of the district is by breaking down the barriers 10 sectional " Without taking into consideration any already great, and fast increasing, that its intercourse, diminish the operation of sec. proportion of the 179 feet 6 inches, a conconnection, in a business point of view, with rional animosiry or prejudice. And your siderable part of which could be rendered other sections of country is intimate, thai || Committee cannot but hope that this enter-||available by the construction of dams, the its various, grand, and picturesque scenery, prise,—hough its direct ohject is merely to Committee have founded their estimates and the beauties of the route, would be in meet the wanis of the inhabitants of this upon the 270 feet fall at the several dams. ducements to parlies travelling for health or valley, to increase their intercourse, and to Supposing the fall required for each set of pleasure, that the watcr communication develope their resources,—will, neverthe-manufactoriez to be 15 feet, predicating the with Montreal and Quebec is sealed up five less, receive aid from the General Govern | eztirna:es upon the quantity of wa'er used months in the year, rendering this thorough-ment, proportionate to the benefits which,llat Lowell, and averaging the quantity of

water in the river, your Committee are of|| manufacturing purposes, your Committee|| sent day!—Must, did I say? Yes, must. the opinion that each fall of 15 feet would would observe that a cotton mill of 4,000 and we know of no section of the country in furnish sufficient water to operate 20 manu. spindles will manufacture about 7500 lbs. which it may-nay, will, be accompanied factories or cotton mills of 4,000 spindles of cloth per week. One hundred pounds of each. If this estimate is correct, the avail-|| cloth requires, from New-Orleans cotion, more readily, or more certainly, than by the able water-power from and including McIn-112 lbs. of raw cotton equal to 33 tons per people of the Connecticut Valley? dee's Falls to tide-water, would be sufficienweek-making the import and export from We were surprised and highly gratified by to operate 360 cotton millsor one million he cotton mill 7 tons per week, or 390|| the facts stated in the report of the Commit. four hundred and forty thousand spindles. ions per year. 1200 cotton mills, according

tee to ascertain the amount of available wa"In the amount of available power in the to this estimate, would yield 468,000 tons valleys of the tributary streams, your Com- of freight, which estimated at three dollars ter power of the Connecticut, its tributaries mittee found considerable difficulty in com. || per ton, would amount to $1,404,000—or and the streams running into Lake Meming at any satisfactory result. This difficul-linore than 25 per cent. interest on five mill- |phreinagog. ty arose from the want of correct infornia-lions of dollars. tion as to lhe fall upon the several streams, “All which is respectfully submitted.

Cradled, as we were, in the upper valley and also from want of information as to the

"Francis E. FHELPS,

of the Connecticut, and having spent many quantity of water in each streain in times

for the Commitiee." years along its banks, we supposed we knew of drought. After giving to the subject

We were not, such attention and making such examina.

After the different reports were made and something of its resources.

however, aware of the extent of power, unused tion as the limited tiine and means would adopted, the following important resolution allow, your Committee come to the conclu- was offered by H. Averill, Esq., and

and useless power-useless only for want of sion that the water in the Farmington, || adopted:

casy and cheap access to it—which it could Westfield, Chickopce, Manhan, Deerfield,

Our lack of information, however, Miller's, Ashuelot, West, Cold, Saxon, “Resolved, That the Committee of Cor.

was from a want of investigation, as we can, Williams, Black, Little Sugar, Sugar, Ma3- | respondence be instructed to take immedicom, Quechee, White, Ompompanoosuc, || ate measures to secure the services of a

on reflection, well believe-and not from Waits, Wells, Ammonoosuc, and Passump competent engineer to survey the route for the absence of data to arrive at the truth. sic Rivers, together with Connecticut Rivera Railroad from Hartford, Ct., 10 ihe north | And we are the more strongly impressed with above McIndoe's Falls, and including about line of the State of Vermont, through the the importance of this work, and the necesfifty brooks and mill streams, (taking into valleys of the Connecticut and Passumpsity of early, eficient, and untiring efforts to consideration the great amount of fall in sic." many of the principal of these streams,)

insure early construction. would yield a power sufficient to operate

We cannot, however, permit this oppor. In relation to the amount of business 720 coiton mills or 2,880,000 spindles.

tunity to pass without expressing our high which the country will furnish, we do not " The estimate of the water.power in the est satisfaction with the proceedings of the deem it necessary to say a word, save that valleys of the streams running north fromConvention in relation to this most impor there cannot be a doubt--not a single doubt, the head waters of the Passumpsic and || ant Road, or as we are in the habit of de- but that it will, immediately on its compleemptying into Lake Memphrernagog, includes the Burton, Black, Willoughby, and signating every new Road already or about tion, pay an income of 10 per cent, at least, Clyde Rivers. From the information fur- to be undertaken—"link in the gran dohain." and this will be greatly increased in five nished by gen:lemen living in the vicinity, || There are in reality but few routes along of those rivers, and well acquainted with which the inhabitants would be more bene is not its most important feature this will

years, at sair rates of toll. This, however, the falls in each, the Committee estimated | fitted than that through the valley of the not be its greatest value ; as, on that day the power as sufficient to operate 120 cotmills or 480,000 spindles. Connecticut. It is in truth the garden of

on which a locomotive shall pass its entire “Froin the above estimates it appears New-England—and it is inhabited by as

length, from tide water to Canada line, and, that the available power in the valleys of hardy, as honest, as industrious, and as in- of course, to Montreal,-on that day, we say, the Connecticut River and its tributaries, elligent a population as can be found elseand in the valleys of the stipams running

every man's property within six miles of its Yes, we challenge the world to pro-route, will be worth 25 per cent. more than

where. into Lake Memphremagog, when measured by the rule laid down above, viz. by the duce its parallel! Why, then, have they it is this day, and in truth and conscience number of cotion mills or spindles it is ca so long neglected to improve their own pable of operating, is as follows: beautiful valley—and ihereby retained their

we may say forty to fifty per cent.-an in

crease which would make three such roads. Cotton mills. Spindles. | sons and daughters around them, to cheer Connecticut River from Mc.

Go on, then, say wego

ahead-HESITATE Indoe's Falls to tide wa

their declining years, and to enjoy the pleater at Hartford, Conn., 360 1,440,000

sure of improving their native hills and beauTribulary streams, including

tiful valleys? Simply, we answer, beacause the increased fall of the they are an hardy, and prudent people, who

In the following letter from the Evening stream, 720 2,880,000 grow wealthy rather by industry than by

Star will be found a very satisfactory ac. The rivers running into Lake

count of the Boston and Lowell Railroad. Memphremagog, 120 480,000 speculation—and they have therefore been

It will be perceived that in the construccontent with the ordinary facilities for trans

sion of this work no expense has been Making a total of

1,200 4,800,000 acting business. Times, however, and “ Your Committee are aware of ihe enor-things have changed, wonderfully changed,

spared to insure permanency and solidity. mous amount of power which this estimate within a few years. And the habits and ne

BOSTON AND LOWELL RAILROAD. presents, and are fully sensible that it will occasion surprise in the minds of those who cessities-no, not necessities, but desires, of Extract from a letter dated Boston, Feb. 20, to a gen

tleman in this city. have not exainined the subject; but extra- the people must also change. Four and five

"I will now proceed to answer your seyevagant as it may appear, your Committee miles an hour will not answer now a days— || ral inquiries relative to the Lowell Railare unanimously of the opinion ihat these nor one or two tons for a load of merchan-road, its location, its consiruction, and the estimates are much below rather than any dise, or produce—by no means-it must be prospect with regard 10 the value of the

stock, &c. "To give some idea of the amount of forty to one hundred tons at the rate of ten

At an early period, after it began to be freight which would be thrown upon the to fifteen miles per hour, to satisfy those who believed that a Railroad would afford imRailroad in case this power was used for believe in the “ march of mind” of the pre-mense facilities for travelling and transpor

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tation, the idea of constructing such a road||is ample space for the snow to be deposited,|| the road throughout the whole distance ; from Boston to Lowell at once occurred to when reinoved from ihe track, and there is so that the entire road is made perfectly every person, who was acquainted with sufficient room to move and work in case secure from all external cause of obstruelion the localities, and had any knowledge of of accident. Large (lrains have been made or annoyance. the business which would be carried on by which the water is carried off, and as The second track has been commenced, between the two places. In the year 1830||soon as the drain on the side of the second and the work will be prosecuted with all a favorable charter was obtained from the track is completed, the whole road will be convenient despatch. On some other RailLegislature. The stack was taken up, thoroughly drained and kept perfectly dry. roads, as soon as a small piece was comand the corporation was organized: TheThe track of the Railway now in use is pleted, the cars were set in motion, which corporation was so fortunate as to securelaid, except for a short distance, on a course, though it served to amuse and asihe services of Patrick T. Jackson, Esq., trench-wall, sunk 2 10 4 feet below the lionish' at the moment, yet intertered with who was chosen one of the Directors and surface, according to the character of the the work, and ultimately became a source nppointed sole agent for the construction soil, and 24 feet thick. On these walls rest|of great additional expense and trouble. of the road: Surveys were made of every stone blocks and binders, generally six But the agent of the Lowell road kept on possible route between Bos!on and Lowell, blocks and two binders to each length of the even ienor of his way, and when one and careful plans were drawn. Particular rail

, (being five yards,) and the rails are entire track was compleied the whole dissurveys were made with reference to the fastened to them.

tance, and sufficient engines and cars to point where the road should enter the city of Boston. After much examination, and

In a recent report, made to the directors accommodate the public were obtained, he a full consideratigi of all matters which of this road by the agent, he makes the fol. opened the road for passengers, and as soon could bear on the question, a definitive lo

lowilig remarks, 10 wit: “It is asseried by as all things were ready, and the tracks some that wood is belier than sione; even

were laid at Lowell to the several factories, cation was made, and it is admitted by all, I believe, that the best route was adopted. I that wood being elastic, will yield to the at the same cost. The reason assigned is,

The transportation of merchandise was com

menced. The agent well knew the importance of

The annual expense of the Lowell road having the assistance of an engineer, who pressure of the carriages passing over it, possessed not only science, but practical

and cause the motion of them to be more will be less than has been anticipated.

easy. It will be admitted that the more The wear and tear of the road, and of the wisdom and experience, and such an one level and straig'it the lines of the Railroad engines and cars will be comparatively all times acted together with perfect har are, the better it is. It must, therefore, be small. During the last summer, iwo entiorty; deroting their time, their whole time, and unyielding as possible, in order that times every day, and did not lose a single

that the sipporis should be as solia gines passed over the road, each three and undivided attention to the

great work The most accurate calculations were made,

these lines may be preserved. The expe- trip. There is hardly a limit to the num

rience gained on the Lowell road has con- | ber of cars, freighted with passengers or the inost careful inquiries were instituted in England and in this country as to the the rails are laid on a firm foundation, with single engine over this road. firined the agent in the opinion, that where merchandise, which may be drawn with a

I am inbest mode of construction. was fully examined and considered in order stone supports placed so near as 10 prevent formed that one engine will carry from fif: y to asceriain the exact truth. Every part ihal ihere will be no yielding, no elasticity,

any benving up the rail between them, so to one hundred tons with ease. of the work was constantly watched, and there wili be less jar and irregularily in the corporation, containing about twelve acres,

There is a tract of land belonging to the personally inspected. The agent resolved That a Railroad should be bujii in the begi

inotion of the engines and cars, fuwer acci- situated on the Cambridge side of Charles place, on the most solid foundation, and of dents, and of course less wear and tear in river, a small part of which is used for a

the carriages and on the road, that there depot for merchandise and for buildings to the most durable inaterials, and I think he would be if reils were laid on a foundation accommodate cars and engines, and the rehas accomplished his object.

and suppo t3 which, being elastic, would sidue is to be sold. There is also a tract The length of the road from the sea.wall yield to the p:essure of the weight passing on the Boston sitle, appropriated for all the in Boston to the depot on Merrimac streel over them.” Much care has been taken to wants of the corporation. To both of ihese in Lowell, is a fraction short of twenty-six remove allılıy from the road, and there is tracts, vessels may come up and lond and miles. The line is nearly straight. There very little, if any, danger of the rails being unload. A five range of brick warehouses is but one curve of a less radius than three in any degree moved or affected by the are now building by another corporation on thousand feet. There are but two points frost. The rails are placed at a proper each side of ilp Railroad rack at the ierWllere the ascent is greater than at the rate height, and it will rarely happen that ihe minus in Boston, with suitable accommo: of ten feet in a mile, and the summit level snow will fall in such quantities that idations for lowering and hoisting gools, 10 or highest point above the lide water ai cannot be easily brushed off by the broom and froin the merchandise cars. Grea. Boston is one hundred and eighteen feei befere the engine, or removed by the snow facilities will be afforded for the transportaonly, and that occurs at a place i wenty-oneplough, so as not to interfere with the rail..ion of merchandise to and from the Lowell iniles distant from the city. A fine wide The flanges are never in danger of striking factories. road-bed is graded on the whole line. In he frozen earib, and very rarely of touching

Ano:her advantage which this rond has ito place is the wilth less than twenty-six any ice n ar the rail. Notwithstan:ling that present over any other, certainly in this foet in the clear, and that too on a line ten unusual severity of thais winter, the cars | part of the country, I will now mention: inches below the top of the rail. There have run wich great regularity. They The sagacious founders of the town of uřê ciljjaratively few deep cuts, and in all have beco interrupted by the snow but a Lowell, who acted under a certain corporate cases the inclinatort of slope of the bank is very few times. The whole distance is name, having secured all the water power at an angle of about 33 degrees only, and run with great uniformity in about an hour created by the falls on the Merrimac river, if it is found in any place that the earth and a qu urter. It lias been run in an hour. at this place, and having purchased all the ôr gravel on the slopez slides or rolls down, Great pains have been taken to prevent land on which factories could be built, soort a further removal from the s'opes is made any thing, which may obstruct or annoy, established an extensive machine shop, and instead of placing heavy and expensive from entering on, or crossing the Railroad took inuch pains to bring together a great walls at the base of the bank, as has been in all cases, where it was necnssary to number of skilful artificers. Whenever done with

very bad calculation and econo-|| have any crossing froin one part of a farinhey concluded to sell sufficient water power my on some Railroadla, especially when to another, the same has been carried overfor one or more factories to a new corporathese walls are placed near the Railroad or under the Railroad; and ihis course hastion, they sold the land also on which to track. At so'ne few points a low wall has also been taken on the public highways build ihe same, and contracted to erect the been built at the foot of the slope, but in all with the exception of a very few places; and buildings and to furnish all the requisite cases the game is placed at a distance of at those points gares have been erected and machinery. At this inachine shop has been five feet at least from the track of the road. men are stitioned to open anl shut them, built all the machinery for ihe several facThere is, therefore, all the way, room when the carines and cars arrive and passtories at Lowell, and for many other factoenough. There is no contraction. There'Sufficient foncos are built on each side orliries about the country. Here, too, all the

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