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PAGE

94

PAGE Vermilye v. Adams Express Co., Watkins' Case, 3 Pet. 193 601, 604, 21 Wall. 138

220

607, 612, 613, 620 Vermont Bank v. Porter, 5 Day, Watson v. Sutherland, 5 Wall. 74 311

316; S. C. 5 Am. Dec. 157 625 | Weil v. Polack, 30 Fed. Rep. 813 234 Vette v. Clinton Fire Ins. Co., 30 Welton v. Missouri, 91 U. S. 275 324 Fed. Rep. 668

298 Wheaton v. Peters, 8 Pet. 590 608 Vicksburg &c. Railroad Co. v. White v. Cotzhausen, 129 U.S. 329 235 Putnam, 118 U. S. 545

459 White v. Smith, 77 Illinois, 351 279 Vidal v. Girard's Executors, 2 Wickliffe v. Owings, 17 How. 47 373 How. 127

52 Wilkerson v. Utah, 99 U. S. 130 447 Viney v. Bignold, 20 Q. B. D. 172 255 Williams' Case, 3 Bland, 186 544 Vinton's Appeal, 99 Penn. St. Williams v. Morgan, 111 U. S. 684 434

567 | Williams v. Western Union TelVoorhees 2. United States Bank, egraph Co., 93 N. Y. 162

565 10 Pet. 449

615 | Wilson, Ex parte, 114 U. S. 417 478 Wabash, St. Louis &c. Railway Wiltbank's Appeal, 64 Penn. St. Co. v. Ham, 114 U. S. 587 241 256

567 Wabash &c. Railway Co. v. Illi Wiswall v. Sampson, 14 How. 52 nois, 118 U. S. 557 120

236, 297 Wade v. Leroy, 20 How. 34 459 Wolff v. Liverpool & London & Wadge, In re, 15 Fed. Rep. 864 337 Globe Ins. Co., 21 Vroom, 453 255 Wadge, In re, 21 Blatchford, 300 337 Wollstonecraft, In re, 4 Johns. Waldron, In re, 13 Johns. 418 603 Ch. 80

603, 615 Walker v. Woollen, 54 Indiana, Woodbury v. District of Colum164 285 bia, 5 Mackey, 127

469 Walling v. Michigan, 116 U. S. Woodruft's Estate, Tucker, 58 446

325 Woodruff v. Parham, 8 Wall. 123 323 Ward v. The Estate of Ward, 36 Woollen v. Ulrich, 64 Indiana, 120 285 Arkansas, 586

306 Work v. Leathers, 97 U. S. 379 429 Waters v. Merchants' Louisville Wright v. Roseberry, 121 U. S. 488 580

Insurance Co., 11 Pet. 213 426 Young v. Godbe, 15 Wall. 562 218

565

TABLE OF STATUTES

CITED IN OPINIONS.

(A.) STATUTES OF THE UNITED STATES.

PAGE

PAGE

1787, July 13, 1 Stat. 51......65, 504 1878, June 11, 20 Stat. 102, c. 180, 1789, Sept. 24, 1 Stat. 73....593, 605,

453, 454, 455 610, 611, 614, 615, 616, 618 | 1878, June 17, 20 Stat. 141, c. 259, 263 1801, Feb. 27, 2 Stat. 105, c. 15.. 540 1882, Aug. 3, 22 Stat. 216, c. 378, 1804, March 26, 2 Stat. 277, c. 35, 512

336, 337 1833, March 2, 4 Stat. 632, c. 57 614 1885, March 3, 23 Stat. 437, c. 353, 1843, March 3, 5 Stat. 621, c. 87,

262, 317 544, 545 1885, March 3, 23 Stat. 438...... 422 1850, Sept. 9, 9 Stat. 454......44, 62 1886, July 8, 24 Stat. 128, c. 747, 81 1860, June 22, 12 Stat. 84, c. 184, 337 1887, Feb. 19, 24 Stat. 637..46, 64, 66 1862, July 1, 12 Stat. 501...45, 46, 47 Revised Statutes. 1862, July 2, 12 Stat. 503....177, 178, § 179.

81 179, 180, 181, 201, 202, 203

$ 650.

229 1863, March 3, 12 Stat. 741, c. 76, 217

652.

229 1864, June 30, 13 Stat. 284, c. 173, 560

693

229 1866, May 24, 14 Stat. 53, c. 97... 568

709

176 1866, July 13, 14 Stat. 138, c. 184, 560

731.

266 1866, July 24, 14 Stat. 221, c. 230, 113

753.

592 1866, July 28, 14 Stat. 329, c. 298, 217

764.

317 1867, March 2, 14 Stat. 541, c.'177, 47 § 3893.

267 1871, Feb. 21, 16 Stat. 419, c. 62,

§ 4233.

422 451, 453 $ 5271.

337 1874, June 20, 18 Stat. 116, c. 337, 453

$ 5438.

333 1875, Feb. 16, 18 Stat. 316, c. 77, 229 § 5451

..262, 264 1875, March 3, 18 Stat. 472..... 373 Revised Statutes of the District 1876, June 19, 19 Stat. 59, c. 133, 337 of Columbia. 1877, March 3, 19 Stat. 380, c. 108, 128 p. 2, $ 2...

453 $8.957-968..

545

(B.) STATUTES OF THE STATES AND TERRITORJES. Arkansas.

Indiana. Rev. Stat. 1858, Gould's Dig.

1875, Feb. 27.

.512, 513 765, c. 111.. .301, 305, 307 1877, March 14.

514 Gantt's Dig. Stat. 1874, $ 4193, Kentucky.

p. 756....302, 305, 307, 308, 309 1810, Jan. 27 ; Stat. Law, 1834, Gantt's Dig. Stat. 1874, $ 4201,

p. 268, Sess. Law. 1810, p.100 505 303, 305, 307, 308, 309 1873, April 23.

513 Gantt's Dig. Stat. 1874, $ 4203, Louisiana.

303, 305, 307, 308, 309 1874, March 21, Laws 1874, Illinois.

No. 66, p. 114...

344 Rev. Stat. 1845, p. 384...... 275 Civil Code. Rev. Stat. 1874, p. 718; 2

Art. 3217.

342 Starr & Curtis' Anno Stat.

Art. 3218.

343 1651, c. 98... ......275, 276 Art. 3282.

143 B

!

PAGE

p. 118.

PAGE
Louisiana, (cont.)

New Hampshire.
Art. 3322...
149 1835, c. 37..

370
Art. 3342.
149 1838, c. 4.

.371, 375 Art. 3343.

149

New Jersey.
Art. 3369

143
Art. 3536.

1814, Jan. 27, p. 202....61 (note)

151 Art. 3540.

143

1848, March 2, Laws 1848, Art. 3705. 343

.61 (note) Art. 3709.

1849, Feb. 28, p. 143...61 (note)

843 Code of Practice.

1854, March 15, p. 353..61 (note) Art. 679..

144, 346

1871, March 22, p. 670..61 (note) Art. 683.

.. 346 New York.
Art. 686
144 1830..

603 Art. 706.

144 1863, May 5, c. 460..180, 181, 201 Art. 709. .144, 346 1863, May 14, c. 611..

181 Maryland.

1865, April 27, c. 585....

181, 205 1715, c. 23.

457 1866, April 10, c. 481.... 182, 1715, c. 39. 537

188, 205 1758, c. 4 (Bacon's Laws).. 537 1868, May 4, c. 554.

193 1777, Feb. c. 8 (1 Kilty's Laws), 1880, May 18, c. 817.

194 537, 538 1888, c. 489.

444, 445 1785, c. 72.

538, 543
Criminal Codes

444 1785, c. 80.

.538, 541

Penal Code, $ 165.
1798, c. 101 (2 Kilty's Laws), 538, 2 Rev. Stat. (1st ed.) 82, 88
539, 540, 541, 543, 544, 545

2.

020 Massachusetts.

2 Rev. Stat. (1st ed.) 466, $$ 23, 1836, c. 249.....

370
25...

621 1838, c. 96..

370

North Carolina.
Pub. Stat. c. 162. .470-474 (note)

1849, Jan, 27, c. 82.

220 Michigan. Howell's Anno. Stat. § 5202, 81

1852, Dec. 22, c. 10......220, 221 § 5203, 81 Ohio.

$ 6181, 82 Rev. Stat. 1880, $ 6335.... 239 Minnesota.

$ 6343...239, 240 1889, April 16, c. 8..317, 318, 319

Pennsylvania:
Missouri.

1874, April 22, Laws 1874, 1841, Feb. 15, Laws 1840-41,

No. 33, p. 108..... .116, 120 230

1879, June 7, Laws 1879, No. 1864, Feb. 13, Laws 1863-64,

122...

115 p. 6...

231
Rev. Stat. 1845, c. 10, § 1. 230

Utah.
Rev. Stat. 1855, c. 8. ....230, 231

1851, Oct. 4..

45 Rev. Stat. 1879, $ 354....229, 232

1852, Dec. 30.

62 Gen. Stat. 1865, c. 112; 1

1855, Jan. 19

45 Wagner's Stat. (3d ed.), Virginia.

150, 231 1783, Dec. 20, c. 18. ....... 504

1

p. 13.,

(C.) FOREIGN STATUTES.
Canada.

Great Britain.
1880, Vol. I. p. 236.......... 422 31 Car. II........
Cuba.

1 W. & M. c. 2.
Penal Code.

2 & 3 Vict. c. 54.. Art. 401..

333

612 446 603

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CASES ADJUDGED

IN THE

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES,

AT

OCTOBER TERM, 1889.

THE LATE CORPORATION OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS V. UNITED STATES.

ROMNEY v. UNITED STATES.

Nos. 1031, 1054. Argued January 16, 17, 18, 1889. – Decided May 19, 1890.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints was incorporated Feh

ruary, 1851, by an act of assembly of the so-called State of Deseret, which was afterwards confirmed by act of the territorial legislature of Utah, the corporation being a religious one, and its property and funds held for the religious and charitable objects of the society, a prominent object being the promotion and practice of polygamy, which was prohibited by the laws of the United States. Congress, in 1887, passed an act repealing the act of incorporation, and abrogating the charter; and directing legal proceedings for seizing its property and winding up its affairs : Held that, (1) The power of Congress over the Territories is general and plen

ary, arising from the right to acquire them; which right arises from the power of the government to declare war and make treaties of peace, and also, part, arising from the power to make all need nl rules and regulations respecting the territory or

other property of the United States; (2) This plenary power e. ands to the acts of the legislatures of the

Territories, and is usu, lly expressed in the organic act of each by
an express reservation f the right to disapprove and annul the
acts of the legislature the eof;
VOL. CXXXVI-1

Syllabus.

1

(3) Congress had the power to repeal the act of incorporation of the

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, not only by virtue
of its general power over the Territories, but by virtue of an ex-
press reservation in the organic act of the l'erritory of Utah of

the power to disapprove and annul the acts of its legislature;
(4) The act of incorporation being repealed, and the corporation dis-

solved, its property, in the absence of any other lawful owner,
devolved to the United States, subject to be disposed of according
to the principles applicable to property devoted to religious and
charitable uses; the real estate, however, being also subject to
a certain condition of forfeiture and escheat contained in the

act of 1862;
(5) The general system of common law and equity, except as modified

by legislation, prevails in the Territory of Utah, including therein

the law of charitable uses; (6) By the law of charitable uses, when the particular use designated

is unlawful and contrary to public policy, the charity property is subject to be applied and directed to lawful objects most nearly corresponding to its original destination, and will not be returned to the donors, or their heirs or representatives, especially where

it is impossible to identify them ; (7) The court of chancery, in the exercise of its ordinary powers over

trusts and charities, may appoint new trustees on the failure or discharge of former trustees; and may compel the application of charity funds to their appointed uses, if lawful; and, by authority of the sovereign power of the State, if not by its own inherent power, may reform the uses when illegal or against public policy by directing the property to be applied to legal uses, conformatie,

as near as practicable, to those originally declared ; (8) In this country the legislature has the power of parens patria in

reference to infants, idiots, lunatics, charities, etc., which in England is exercised by the crown; and may invest the court of chancery with all the powers necessary to the proper superin

tendence and direction of any gift to charitable uses; (9) Congress, as the supreme legislature of Utah, had full or an authority to direct the winding up of the affairs of

of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints as a defuncte view to the due appropriation of its propert' ious and charitable uses conformable, as those to which it was originally dedic tinct from that which may arise from i

the property under the act of 1862 (10) The pr. tence of religious belief "

s of the nrohibit polygamy d.'

ces against the ':

i sentiment it

1

6 of

*

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